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v«  \1 

iWdint  (6cttealoqtrul  jSarietti, 


Portland.  Maine 

Accession  en  ID  BY  "WE. 

*■?*;*•!     V     ,* 












By  JAMES  PHINNEY  BAXTER,  A.  M.,  Litt.  D. 





■  *jy  OF    TKl 

'   ,  -  ■     ■  ■  -  I 

Copyright  1908 
By  the  Maine  Historical  Society 

Press  of 
Lefavor-Tower  Company,  Portland 



THE  present  volume  ( number  twelve  of  the  Document- 
ary Series )  is  the  seventh  volume  of  the  manuscript 
documents  which  I  have  collected  from  American  and  Euro- 
pean archives.  My  design  has  been  to  continue  the  publica- 
tion of  these  documents  to  the  time  of  the  separation  of  the 
State  from  Massachusetts ;  but  it  is  doubtful  if  I  shall  be 
able  to  do  so.  Should  I  not  complete  the  task  which  I  have 
desired  to  accomplish,  it  is  my  hope  that  someone  may  think 
it  worthy  of  the  labor  required  to  finish  it. 


Mackworth  Island, 
Sept.  1,  1908. 



1749        June 








Aug.  8«i, 

6  Petition  of  John  Mitchell  of  Wells  and 
Jacob  Curtis  of  Arundel, 

8  Report, 

13  Answer, 

23  Governor's  Message,   . 

Petition  of  Humphry  Hobbs, 
8  Governor's  Message,    . 
12  "  "  . 

15  Answer  to  Governor's  Message  of 

16  Vote, 

Petition  of  Joseph  Frye,     . 

22  Letter  II.  Pepperell  to  Brigadier  Waldo, 

21  "        Francis  Waldo  to  his  father, 

22  Petition  of  Jabez  Fox,  Atty., 

"  Second  Parish  in  Falmouth, 

23  Speech  of  tbe  Lieut.  Govr,     . 
30  Letter  N.  Sparhawk  to  Brigadier  Waldo, 

4        "      Enoch  Freeman  to  Thos.  Hutchinson, 

6  "      Chas.  Procter  to  Sam1  Waldo, 

7  "      Isaac  Winslow  to  Sam'l  Waldo, 
7  Message, 

11  Votes, 

12  Letter  Eph.  Williams  Jr  to  Brigr  Gen.  Waldo, 
15        "      Jno  Gerrish  to  Sam'l  Waldo  Esq., 

19  "      Secry  Willard  to  Gov.  Shirley  (in  London), 
23        tl       Secry  Willard    to    the    Justices    of    the 


28  Letter  Thomas  Henderson,         .... 

9  Message, 

11  Letter  Lawrence  Barrow  to  Major  Gen.  Waldo, 
23        "      James  Allen  to  Hon.  Sam'l  Waldo, 
26        "      Isaac  Winslow  to  Sam'l  Waldo, 

3        "      Isaac  Winslow,         .... 

20  "      Isaac  Winslow, 

"      Chas  Procter  to  Sam'l  Waldo, 

8        "      N.  Sparhawk, 

19        "      Isaac  Winslow  to  Hon  Sam>  Waldo, 
Answer  to  Petn  of  Second  Parish  of  Falmouth 
Petition — Wiscasset,         .... 





























1749-50  Mar.    19  Memorial, 51 

1751        April    3  Report, 54 

1750  Votes,    on    petitions    of    Capt  Hobbs    &    Cap* 

Pierson, 54 

April  17  Vote,  on  petition  of  J.  Molton  &  others,           .  58 

May      7  Letter  Wm   Sherriff  to  Secry  Willard,           .         .  59 

May    25  Inhabts  of  Sheepscot —  Petition,        ...  61 

Petition  of  inhabitants  of  Kennebunk,          .         .  63 
June     1  Letter  Ez.  dishing  &  others  to  Hon.  Jeremiah 

Moulton, 65 

June     2  Answer, 68 

June     8  Voted, 68 

June  28  Message, 69 

July      4  Letter  Wm  Shirreff  to  Josiah  Willard  Esqr,      .  70 

July      7        "      Secry  Willard  to  Capt.  Thos.  Saunders,    .  71 

July    26        "      J.  Willard, 72 

Lt       Lieut.  Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  Jabez  Brad- 
bury,      73 

July    27  Letter  J.  Willard, 73 

Aug.     2        "      Thos.  Fletcher  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,       .         .  74 
Aug.     3        "       Thos.    Fletcher  to   Capt.    Thomas   Hen- 
derson,      ........  74 

Aug.    20  Letter  Thos.  Fletcher  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,       .         .  75 

Aug.   21  Instructions  to  Capt.  Thomas  Sanders,     .         .  76 

Aug.   29  Letter  to  Lord  Colvill, 77 

Sept.     3  Fort  George  in  Brunswick,         ....  78 

Sept.     7  Letter  Wm  Phips  to  Lt.  Gov.  Phips,             .         .  79 

"      Wm  Phips  to  Capt  Lithgow,            .         .  80 
"       Capt.  J.    Bradbury  to  the   Commanding 

Officer  at  Pemaquid, 80 

Sept.  10  Letter  S.  Phips  to  Jabez  Bradbury,            .         .  81 

"      Sam'l  Denny  to  L»  Gov.  Phips,          .        .  82 

"      to  Col.  Israel  Williams,            ...  83 

"      Lt  Gov.  Phips  to  Hon.  Jera  Moulton,        .  84 

Sept.   11        "      J°  Oulton  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,           .         .  84 

Sept.   12        "      Lt  Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  W™  Lithgow,        .  86 

11      S.  Phips  to  Capt.  Jab.  Bradbury,            .  87 
"      Selectmen  &  al.  of  No.  Yarmouth  to  Lt 

Gov.  Phips, 87 

Sept.  14  Letter  Lt  Gov.  Phips  to  Col.  Ezekl  Cushing,    .  88 

Sept.  21        "      Thos.  Chute  to  Major  Freeman,         .         .  89 

Sept.  22        "      Col.  Ezekl  Cushing  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,    .  90 

Sept.  26  Lieut.  Governor's  Speech, 81 

Petition  of  Inhabitants  on  the  Frontiers,          .  92 

Sept.  27  Letter  Samuell  Denny,  ......  98 

Report, 94 



1750        8ept.  29    Orders  L»  Gov.  Phips  to  Lt  Col.  dishing,    .        .       96 
Letters  Lt  Gov.  Phips  to  Col.  Cushing,     .        .  97 

Oct.       1  Message  from  the  HonMe  Board,  ...       97 

Oct.      3  Petition  of  Settlers  &  Inhabitants  of  upper  part 

of  S'  Georges  River, 98 

Petition  of  S.  Whittemore  &  Israel  Averell,        .     100 
Oct.       6  Letter  W"  Lithgow  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,      .        .        101 

Oct.       9  Governor's  Message, 103 

Letter     Sr    Wm     Pepperrell     to     Hon     Josiah 

Willard, 103 

Oct.  10  Letter  Jabez  Bradbury  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,  .  .  104 
"  SecT  Willard  to  Phinehas  Stevens,  .  105 
Oct.  15  "  SecT  Willard  to  Capt.  Phinehas  Stevens,  106 
"  Secry  Willard  to  Gov.  W™  Shirley,  .  107 
Oct.  19  "  Secry  Willard  to  Sr  W»u  Pepperrell,  .  .  108 
Oct.  23  "  Phinehas  Stevens  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,  .  108 
Dec.    13  Certificate  "New  Town  granted  at  the  head  of 

the  Town  of  Berwick," 109 

John   Wheelwright's   Account  with  Truckmas- 

ters, Ill 

Jan.  Letter  Jos.  da  badis  de  St  Castin  to   Lt.   Gov. 

Phips,  .        .         .        .         .         .         .         .121 

Jan.     24  Committee  on  St  Casteens  Letter,     .         .        .         122 

Jan.     25  Report  of  Committee, 122 

Letter  Joseph  da  badis  de  Sl  Castin  to  Lt  Gov. 

Phips, 123 

Feb.    15  Report, 125 

1750-51   Feb.     19  Letter   Lt  Gov.  Phips  to   Jos.  de   badis   de   St 

Castin, 126 

Mar.    12  Letter  Secry  Willard  to  Major  J.  H.  Lydius,       .     127 


1751        April    2  Message, 

April     3  

Memorial  of  Richard  Hazzen,     .... 
April     4  Petition  &c.  Third  Parish  of  Kittery, 


April  11  

Memorandum  of  Mr.  Wm  Pote, 
Letter  Thomas  Fletcher  to  Capt.  David  Dunning, 
"      Thos  Henderson  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips, 
April  14        "      Thos  Fletcher  to  Capt  \?m  Lithgow, 
April  15        "      John  North  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,    . 

"      John  Oulton  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips, 
April  16        "      Enoch  Freeman  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,     . 

"      Alexr  Nikels  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips, 
April  18        "      Alexr  Nikels  to  Jabez  Bradbury, 

May      1  Lieu*  Governor's  Letter  to  Capt.  Nichols,         .         141 






















1  Letter  Secry  Willard  to  Capt.  W>»  Lithgow 

2  "      Col.  Moulton  &  others  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips, 
25  Berwick  Petition, 

Petition  of  the  Grantees  of  Land  adjoining  No 


27  Depositions, 

27  Letter  Jno  Oulton  to  L«  Gov.  Phips,     . 

28  "      Ezeki  Cushing  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips, 

3  Record, 



G  Letter  Wm  Pepperrell,    .... 

6  Petition  of  Sir  Wm  Pepperrell,  . 

7  "        of  the  Selectmen  of  Brunswick, 

8  Letter  Enoch  Freeman  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips, 

"      Jabez  Bradbury  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips, 
Job  Averell  to  Capt.  Alexr  Nickels, 
Lt  Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow, 
Lt  Gov.  Phips  to  Col.  Ezkl  Cushing, 
Lt  Gov.  Phips  to  Col.  Ezkl  Cushing, 
"      Lt  Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  Jabez  Bradbury, 
"      Lt  Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow, 

25  "      John  Gatchel  to  Col.  Ezkl  Cushing, 

26  "      Enoch  Freeman  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips, 
"      Jacob  Wendell  to  Hon.  Josiah  Willard, 

30        "      John  North  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips, 
6        "Sir  Wm  Pepperrell  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips, 

9  "      Josiah  Willard  to  Col.  Israel  Williams, 
25  Answer  to  Petition  of  Third  Parish  In  Kittery 
10  Petition, 

New  Marblehead, 

Second  Parish  in  Falmouth, 


28  Lieut.  Governor's  Speech, 

29  Phillipstown  Petition, 177 




5  Letter  Lt  Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  Jabez  Bradbury, 

24  "      Gov.  Shirley  to  Secry  Willard, 

25  "      to  the  Agent  in  England,    . 

27        "      L*  Gov.  Phips  to  the  Board  of  Trade, 
25  Monsr  Longeiiil  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips, 

14  Petition, 

3         " 

9  Letter  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips, 
"      John  Lane  to  Hon.  Josiah  Willard,  . 
Bond  of  Joseph  Plaisted  to  Sam'l  Walton, 
Petition  of  Joseph  Plaisted, 
27  Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  Sec'y  Willard, 




1753  Adril  27  Petition, 210 

June   12         "        of  the  Inhabitants  of  Lands  on  Kenne- 
bec River, 211 

June         Answer  to  Sheepscot  Petition,       ....  213 

Letter  L*  Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  Jabez  Bradbury,  215 

June   12  Lieut.  Governor's  Message,         ....  216 

Septr    7  New  Casco  Petition, 217 

Answer, 220 

Sept.   10  George  Town  Precinct, 220 

Sept.   11  Message  to  the  Governor,            ....  221 

Sept.  13  Answer  to  Message, 2l'4 

Sept.   18  Letter  .John  Wheelwright  to  the  Commrs,         .  225 

Oct.     23        "to  Jerea  Moulton, 225 

"      to  Capt.  John  North,        ....  226 

Nov.    30        4i      Nathi  Wheelwright  to  Gov.  Shirley,          .  228 

Dec.      5  Speech, 231 

Dec.    13  Message, 232 

Dec.    20  Report, 234 

Dec.    21  Letter  Josiah  Willard  to  Capt.  W'»  Lithgow,       .  235 

1754  Jan.  3  "  Secry  Willard  to  Col.  Preble,  .  .  236 
Jan.  4  Message  of  Both  Houses  to  His  Excellency,  .  236 
Mar.  4  Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  Phinehas  Stevens,  241 
Mar.  6  "  Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  B.  Muggeridge,  .  242 
Mar.      7        "      Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  Berry  &  others,       .  243 

Mar.    13  Wiscasset  Petition, 243 

Mar.    18  Letter    Gov.    Shirley    to    Capt.    Muggeridge    & 

others, 245 

Mar.    28  The  Governor's  Speech, 246 

Petition  of  Ezekiel  Cushing  &  Wife,     .         .         .  254 

April     1                         257 

April  11  Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  Bartholemew,            .         .  258 

"      Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt  Jonathn  Bane,       .  259 

April  15  Commission  to  James  Bain,            ....  259 

April  22  Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  Gov.  Wentworth,           .  260 

April  25        "      Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  John  North,    .         .  261 

Mr.  Franklin  to  Mr.  Partridge,            .         .         .  262 
May    10  Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  the  Naval  Officer  at  New- 
bury,       264 

Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  Hon.  Col.  John  Greenleaf,  265 

May    15        "      Capt.  Chas.  Morris,          ....  266 
May    23  First  Parish  in  Wells  —  Petition,           .         .         .267 

Memorial, 269 

"         of  Sam'l  Goodwin 270 

Answer  to  Petition  of  Ezekiel  Cushing  &  others,  274 

June         Petition, 276 

June     4  Extracts  from  Message, 278 




1754  June     4  Vote, 280 

June     6  Message, 281 

June     8  Col.  Winslow's  Memorial,           ....  281 

Message, 282 

June     9  Communication  from  Selectmen  of  Boston,      .  283 

June   13  Message, 283 

June    14  Report, 284 

June   21  Letter  T.  Robinson  to  Gov.  Shirley,      .        .        .  285 

July      8        "      Gov.  Shirley  to  Secretary  Willard,         .  286 

Speech  of  the  River  Indians,          ....  288 

July    10  Message, 290 

July    12  Letter  Secry  Willard  to  Gov.  Shirley,           .         .  290 

July    20        "      Secry  Willard  to  Gov.  Shirley,        .        .  292 

Aug.    19  Gov  Shirley  to  Sir  Thomas  Robinson,           .        .  292 

Jesuit  of  the  Penobcots  to  the  Jesuit  of  the  Nor- 

ridgewalks, 304 

Aug.    20  Letter  Secry  Willard  to  Gov.  Shirley,            .         .  306 

Sept.     1        "      Secry  Willard  to  Gov.  Shirley,        .         .  307 

Sept.     3        "      Gov.  Shirley  to  Secretary  Willard,    .        .  308 

Oct.       4  Second  Parish  in  Falmouth.     Petition,     .        .  310 

Oct.     11  Letter  Lt.  Jas  Howard  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,     .         .  312 

Petition  of  Joseph  Plaisted  Admr  ,   .         .         .  813 
"         of  Ichabod   Goodwin  &  Hannah   Ayer 

Admors, 317 

Oct.     17  Wiscasset  Petition, 317 

Oct.     18  Speech  Gov.  Shirley, 320 

Oct.     31  Message  Gov.  Shirley, 333 

Nov.      6        "            "          "                   833 

Nov.      7  Order, 384 

Nov.    11  Message, 835 

Nov.    12  Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to   Capts  Lithgow  &  Brad- 
bury,            335 

Warrant  to  Capt.  Lithgow, 336 

Nov.    21  Message, 336 

Dec.      2  Extract  of  Letter  from  Capt.  John  Hamilton  to 

Dr  Sylvester  Gardiner, 337 

Dec.    10  Message  Gov.  Shirley, 338 

1755  Jan.  3  Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  W™  Lithgow,  .  339 
Jan.  9  "  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley,  .  340 
Jan.    18        "        Gov.    Shirley    to    Majr  Denny    &    Capt. 

Watts, 344 

Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  W"  Lithgow,     .  344 

Feb.      3  Deposition  of  Abiel  Goodwin,        ....  345 

Answer  to  petition  of  Joseph  Plaisted,  Adni°r,  346 

Feb.      7  Governor's  Speech,     .        .        .        .        .        .  350 

Message, 362 





















June   19 

July      3 



"      Tho"  Fletcher  to  Gov.  Shirley,       .        .  362 

"      Gov.  Shirley  to  James  Johnson,         .        .  363 

"      Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley,      .  364 

"      Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley,          .  374 

Report  of  Committee,          .....  375 

Letter  James  Howard  to  Gov.  Shirley,         .         .  376 

"      Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow,      .  377 

"      Gov.  Shirley  to  Col.  Ezekiol  Cashing,       .  879 

"      Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley,      .  380 

27  Message, 383 

28                          384 

2  Letter  to  Col.  Ezekiel  dishing,  ....  385 
"  Alex'  Nikels  to  Gov.  Shirley,  .  .  386 
"  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley,  .  387 
"  Mattheys  Ramley  to  Gov.  Shirley,  .  390 
11  T.  Fletcher  to  Gov.  Shirley,  .  .  .391 
"  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley,  .  391 
"  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley,  .  393 
"       E.    Freeman   for   Col.    Ezkl   Gushing  to 

Gov.  Shirley, 396 

Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  Col.  Ezkl  Cushing,   .         .  397 

"      Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow,      .  398 

"      Henry  Little  to  C.  C.  Leissner,           .         .  398 

"      C.  C.  Leissner  to  Gov.  Shirley,       .         .  399 
"      Josiah  Beal  to  Gov.  Shirley,      .         .        .400 

•'      Benja  Burton  to  Thos.  Proctor,     .         .  402 

"      Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley,          .  402 

9  Petition  of  Caleb  Ilutchings,      ....  405 

Votes, 408 

Message  of  the  House  to  His  Excellency,         .  411 

11  Report  of  Committee, 412 

12  Message  Gov.  Shirley, 413 

13  "             "           "                    414 

Message, 415 

12  Order  Govr  Shirley  to  Col.  Ezkl  Cushing,    .         .  416 

14  Letter  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  J.  Wheelwright,  .  416 

"      Tho.  Killpatrick  to  the  Gov.  and  Council,  419 

Instructions, 420 

Letter  J.  Willard,  Secy  to  Jacob  Fowles,          .  421 

Petition, 421 

3  Memorial  of   French   Inhabitants   of  Annapolis 

River, 422 

4  Council  at  Governor's  House,  Halifax,         .        .  433 

14  "                    "                "             "            .         •  434 

15  "                    "                 "              "                .         .  435 
25           "                     "                 "              "  437 

3  Letter  Robt  Monckton  to  Gov.  Shirley,        .        .  443 







1755        July    11  Petition, 444 

July    15  Letter  to  Capt.  W">  Lithgow,         .        .        .        .444 

July    18  Lt  Gov.  Lawrence  to  Sir  Thomas  Robinson,.  445 

Letter  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  J.  Wheelwright,     .  447 

"      Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,    .  449 

Aug.     0  Extract  from  Lt  Gov's  Speech,      ....  452 

Aug.     8  Letter  Rob*  Monckton  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,          .  453 

Report  of  Committee,     ......  454 

Aug.     9  Message, 455 

Aug.    11  Lieut.  Gov.  Lawrence  to  the  Governors  on  the 

Continent, 455 

Aug.    12  Order, 457 

Aug.    15  Letter  Capt.  George  Berry  to  Lt  Gov.  Phipps,    .  458 

Aug.    16        "       Lieut.  Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow,  459 

Aug.    18        "       Lieut.  Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  W™  Lithgow,  459 

Aug.    27        "      Capt.  Sam'l  Goodwin  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,  460 

Sept.     4        "      Capt.  W"  Lithgow  to  L*  Gov.  Phips,    .  461 

Sept.     9        "      Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips,        .  463 




Petition  of  John  Mitchell  of  Wells  and  Jacob  Curtis  of  Arundel. 

To  his  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esqr  Captain  General 
and  Governour  in  Chief  The  Honourable  the  Council 
and  the  Honourable  House  of  Representatives  of  His 
Majestys  Province  of  the    Massachusetts  Bay  in   New 
England  in  General  Court  assembled 
The  Petition  of  John  Mitchell  of  Wells  and  Jacob  Curtis 
of  Arundell  in  the  County  of  York  Agents  for  the  Petitioners 
praying  a  New  Parish  may  be  Set  off  partly  out  of  Wells  and 
part  of  Arundell 
Most  humbly  Sheweth 

That  as  the  Seting  off  a  New  Parish  as  aforesaid  will 
greatly  accommodate  the  Petitioners  They  therefore  most 
humbly  pray  this  Great  and  Honble  Court  would  be  pleased 
to  favour  the  Petitioners  so  far  as  to  appoint  a  Committee  to 
View  the  Situation  and  Circumstances  of  the  said  Parish  if 
there  shall  be  occasion  and  make  report  thereon  what  they 
Judge  most  reasonable  to  be  done  in  the  premisses  The  Peti- 
tioners paying  the  Cost  and  Charge  of  the  Committees  Ser- 
vice in  the  premisses  and  what  shall  arise  thereon. 
And  Your  Petirs  as  is  duty  bound  Shall  ever  pray  &c 

John  Mitchell 

June  6th  174  9. 

i  Agents 
Jacob  Curtis      ) 


Report.     June  8,  1749. 

The  Committee  appointed  to  take  under  Consideration 
the  first  Paragraph  of  his  Excellencys  Speech  &  make 
report  have  attended  that  service  and  are  humbly  of 
That  if  upon  Cap1  Saunder's  return  from  the  Eastward  it 
shall  appear  that  the  Indians  have  not  agreed  to  send  their 
Delegates  to  Boston  but  continue  to  ask  for  a  Treaty  else- 
where, his  Excellency   be    desired    either   in  Person  or  by 
Commission  to  treat  with  said  Indians  in  such  Part  of  the 
province  as  he  shall  think  proper  — 

That  if  the  Indians  shall  insist  upon  a  Trade  with  the 
Province  his  Excellency  or  the  Commissioners  be  improved 
in  behalf  of  the  Government  to  engage  that  A  such  Trade 
shall  be  carry'd  on  with  as  great  advantage  to  the  Indians  as 
may  be  without  Loss  to  the  province  &  at  any  place  or 
places  near  the  Sea  &  as  far  from  our  Settlements  as  shall  be 
thought  proper  but  not  farther  Eastward  than  the  Penobscot 
Which  is  humbly  submitted  by  order 

Wm  Pepperrell 
In  Council ;  June  8.  1749 :  Read  &  Sent  down. 

In  the  House  of  Rep™  June  8.  1740 
Read  and  Ordered  that  this  Report  be  accepted. 
Sent  up  for  concurrence 

Joseph  Dwight  Spkr 
In  Council  June  9.  1749     Read  and  Concur'd  with  the 
Amendment  at  A 

Sent  down  for  Concurrence  by  Order 

Wm  Pepperrell 
A  That  the  said  Indians  shall  be  supplyd  with  Goods  at 
as  cheap  rates  as  they  shall  then  be  sold,  in  like  quantitys  in 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  6 

the  Town  of  Boston  &  that  they  shall  be  allowd  the  full 
price  their  Peltry  will  sell  for  in  Boston  ;  that  the  said  Trade 
provided  the  Indians  will  agree  to  it  shall  be  carry' d  on  at 
one  place  only  not  further  East  than  Georges,  but  if  the 
Indians  will  not  agree  to  one  place  only  that  his  Excelly  or 
the  Commissioners  be  then  impower'd  to  consent  to  two  places 
&  no  more  one  at  Georges  the  other  at  Richmond  and  his 
Excellency  be  desird  to  give  Order  that  Stores  at  the  Truck 
Houses  at  Saco  &  Brunswick  be  upon  the  Conclusion  of  Peace 
transported  to  Boston  as  soon  as  may  be. 

In  the  House  of  Rep™  June  10,  1749.  Read  &  Non- 
concur'd  and  the  House  adhere  to  their  own  Vote  Sent  up 
for  concurrence 

Joseph  Dwight  Spkr 

In  Council  June  13,  1749.  Read  &  Nonconcur'd  and  the 
Board  adhere  to  their  own  Vote.  Sent  down  for  Con- 
currence by  order  of  the  board 

J.  Osborne 


In  Council  June:. 13th  1749 
Read  and  Ordered  that  the  prayer  of  the  Petition  be 
Granted  and  that  the  Lands  &  Islands  mentioned  in  the 
Petition  togather  with  the  Gore  of  Land  So  called  Lying 
between  North  Yarmouth  &  Brunswick  with  the  North  East 
part  of  the  Island  called  great  Sebaskadegon  with  the  Inhab- 
itants that  are  or  may  be  Settled  thereon  be  &  hereby  are 
Erected  into  a  distinct  &  seperate  precinct  to  Enjoy  all 
powers  and  previledges  as  other  precincts  by  Law  do  Enjoy. 
&  that  Capt  John  Stover  a  principall  Inhabitant  there  is 
hereby  Impowered  to  call  the  first  precinct  meeting  sometime 


in  ye  month  of  July  next  for  the  Choice  of  precinct  Officers 
to  Continue  to  ye  Annuall  meeting  in  March  next. 
Sent  down  for  Concurrence  by  Ordr  of  the  Board. 

J :  Osborne 
In  the  House  of  Repves  June  14,  1749 

Read  &  Concur'd  Joseph  Dwight  Sp*r 

Consented  to         W  Shirley 

Governor's  Message.     June  23,  1749. 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Repves 
As  you  were  present  at  the  Interview  between  me  &  the 
Indians  of  the  Penobscot  &  Norridgewalk  Tribes  this  Fore- 
noon, and  have  heard  what  kind  of  Power  they  have  from 
their  Tribes  to  treat  with  me ;  and  the  Answers  they  made 
upon  some  Points  I  mov'd  to  e'm,  and  are  also  appriz'd  of 
the  Attack  made  three  days  ago  upon  Number  Four  by 
some  of  the  Indian  enemy,  which  I  receiv'd  Intelligence 
of  in  the  Council  Chamber,  I  shall  be  glad  of  your  Opinion 
&  Advice  how  far  &  upon  what  Points  it  may  be  expedient 
for  me  to  treat  with  these  Indians  at  present. 

W  Shirley 
Council  Chamber  June  23d  1749. 

In  the  House  of  Repves  June  23,  1749 

Read  and  Ordered  that  mr  Speaker  Col0  Appleton 
Col0  Heath  Col0  Willard  Majr  Lawrence  Col0  Choate  Col0 
Storer  Th°  Foster  Esqr  &  Mr  Hall  with  such  as  the  Honble 
Board  shall  Joyn  be  a  Commtee  to  take  this  Messe  and  the 
Letters  from  Israel  Wm8  Esqr  and  Caleb  How  under  consider- 
ation and  report  what  they  Judge  proper  for  this  Court  to  do 
thereon.     The  Commee  to  sit  forthwith 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  J  Dwight  Spkr 

In   Council   June    23,  1749  Read  &  Concur'd    &   Jacob 
Wendell,    Thomas    Berry,    Joseph    Wilder,    Samuel  Watts, 


James  Minot,  Andrew  Oliver  &  Thomas  Hutchinson  Esq1 
are  joined  in  the  Affair 

J  Willard  Secry 

Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To  His  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esqr  Cap1  Generall  & 

Governour  in  Chief,  The  Honble  Council  and  House  of 

Represent118  in  Generall    Court   Assembled   at    Boston 

Aug1  1749  — 

The  Petition  of  Humphry  Hobbs,  late  Cap1  of  a  Company 

of  Voluntiers  in  the  Service  of  said  Province,  in  behalf  of 

himself,  and  said  Compy  / 

Most  humbly  Shews,  That  your  Petitioner  himself  has  for 
about  Four  Years  Last  past,  been  in  the  Service  of  this  Prov- 
ince ;  and  humbly  hopes  he  has  therein  behaved  to  ye  Accept- 
ance of  yr  Excellency  &  this  Honble  Court ;  and  he  can  truly 
say,  he  had  no  other  View  than  to  Oppose  the  Common 
Enemy,  in  which  he  has  never  saved  himself,  but  has  always 
been  forward  therein,  and  exerted  himself  to  ye  Utmost  of 
his  Power,  That  in  Consequence  of  the  Encouragement  given 
by  this  Honble  Court,  he  did  ye  Last  Year  Raise  a  Company 
of  Voluntiers,  who  are  now  all  Dismis'd  — 

That  your  Petitioner  and  his  Said  Company,  are  very 
desireous  of  Settling  &  bringing  forward,  a  Town  Ship,  or  New 
Plantation  in  the  frontier  parts  of  ye  Province,  and  if  they 
can  obtain,  ye  Grant  of  a  Tract  of  Land  Sufficient  for  a  Town 
Ship,  they  are  Willing  to  Subject  themselves  to  a  Regular 
personale  Settlement,  In  two  Years  from  the  Surveyors  Return 
&  Acceptance  of  a  plan  thereof;  and  haveg  nothing  less  in 
View, —  and  being  Really  Willing  to  Settle  a  new  Town 
Ship, —  they  most  humbly  Pray  that  of  your  Excellency  & 
Honours  Great  Goodness,  they  may  Obtain  a  Grant  of  Six 
mile  Square  in  some  Sutable  Place  in  the  County  of  York, 


to  be  granted  to  yr  Petitioners,  &  Such  others  as  yr  Excel- 
lency &  honou_  Shall  Please  to  Admitt.  Under  such 
Restrictions,  &  Conditions,  of  Settlements,  as  Shall  be  Just 
&  Reasonable,  and  as  In  duty  bound  Shall  Ever  pray  &c 

Humphry  Hobbs 

Governor's  Message.     Aug.  8,  17Jf9. 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Representves 
There  being  divers  of  our  Captives  still  in  the  hands  of 
the  French  &  Indians  of  Canada ;  And  as  I  apprehend  it 
incumbent  on  this  Governm1  ( especially  in  this  time  of 
Peace  )  to  use  all  Means  for  their  Recovery  &  Return  home 
to  their  Country,  as  well  as  for  the  Deliverance  of  the 
Prisoners  of  the  Six  Nations  in  Canada ;  Therefore  I  desire 
you  would  consider  these  Matters,  &  advise  what  may  be  the 
surest  way  to  effect  them ;  and  that  you  (  Gentlemen  of  the 
House  of  Representves )  would  provide  for  the  Charge  that 
may  arise  thereon,  if  it  may  be  thought  proper  to  engage  in 
these  Affairs 

Gentlemen ;  I  would  further  recommend  to  your  Consider- 
ation the  Benefits  which  may  result  to  this  Province  by  an 
Interview  with  some  of  the  Chiefs  of  the  Cagnawaga  Indians ; 
And  I  would  observe  to  you,  if  there  be  a  Prospect  that  such 
an  Interview  may  be  of  Service  to  us,  It  ought  to  be  speedily 
undertaken  lest  the  French  make  their  Advantage  by  our 
Delay ;  And  therefore  I  desire  to  know  your  Mind  upon  this 

Affair  as  soon  as  may  be. 

W  Shirley 
Council  Chamber  8  Aug8t  1749. 

In  the  house  of  Reptve8  Aug1  9,  1749 
His  Excelcys  Message  of  Yesterday,  according  to  order  was 
read  Again  -  and  Ordered  that  Col0  Williams  James  Allen 


Esqr  and  Mr  Hall  together  with  Such  as  the  Honble  Board 
shall  Join  be  a  Comtee  to  take  ye  same  into  Consideration  so 
far  as  it  is  directed  to  Both  houses  and  also  ye  Petn  of 
Phineas  Stevens,  and  report  as  soon  as  may  be  what  is  propr 
for  this  Court  to  do  thereon. 
Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

Joseph  Richards  Cler  Dom  Rep : 

g  Order 

In  Council  Aug.  9  1749  Read  and  Concurr'd  and  Jacob 
Wendell  and  Joseph  Pyncheon  Esq18  are  join'd  in  the  Affair. 

Sam1  Holbrook  D^  Secry 

In  the  House  of  Reptlve8  Augst  10th  1749 
Voted  that  Col°  Choate  &  Mr  John  Tyng  be  added  to  the 
Comtee   appointed    to    Consider   &    Report   upon  his   Excy8 
Message  of  the  8tu  Instant 

Sent  up  for  Concurrance  J  Dwight  Spkr 

In  Council  Aug:  10.  1749  Read  and  Concurr'd  and 
Sir  William  Pepperell  and  Sylvanus  Bourne  Esq"  are  added 
to  said  Committee 

Sent  down  for  Concurrence 

J  Willard  Secy 

Governor's  Message. 

Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Represent™ 
The  Secretary  informs  me  that  the  two  Houses  have  voted 
to  desire  me  to  dismiss  the  Remainder  of  the  Forces  in  the 
Eastern  Frontiers  except  the  Garrison  Soldiers,  which  will 
make  it  necessary  that  a  Guard  shd  be  taken  out  of  the 
Militia  in  the  Town  of  Falmouth  to  attend  the  Commis- 
sioners in  the  designed  Treaty  with  the  Indians ;  And  there- 
fore I  desire  you  would  provide  for  the  charge  of  such  a 


Guard.  And  I  take  this  Occasion  to  acquaint  you  that  I 
shall  appoint  Sir  William  Pepperell  &  Thomas  Hutchinson 
Esq1  of  the  Council,  &  John  Choate,  Israel  Williams  & 
James  Otis  Esqr8  of  Your  House  to  be  Commiss18  for  the 
Service  aforesd  W  Shirley 

Council  Chamber  Aug4  11.  1749. 

In  the  House  of  Represves  Aug:  12  1749 
This  House  having  taken  into  Consideration  the  Message 
of  His  Excellency  the  Governour  of  yesterday,  Voted  that 
His  Excellency  be  desired  to  give  His  Orders  to  the  Com- 
manding Officer  of  the  Regiment  of  Militia  in  the  Eastern 
part  of  the  County  of  York,  that  he  detach  Fifty  Men 
belonging  to  the  Foot  Companys  of  the  Town  of  Falmouth, 
to  be  put  under  the  Command  of  a  proper  officer,  And  that 
they  attend  the  Commissioners  appointed  at  the  proposed 
Interview  with  the  Indians  the  27th  of  September  next. 

And  that  there  be  allowed  pay  and  Subsistance  to  the  said 
Soldiers  for  the  time  they  Shall  be  upon  Duty,  as  this  Court 
shall  Order. 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

J  D  wight  Spkr 
In  Council  Aug  12th  1749 

Read  and  Concurr'd  J  Willard  Secry 

Consented  to  W  Shirley 

Answer  to  Governor  s  Message  of  Aug.  8,  1749.  Aug.  15, 1749. 

In  the  House  of  Represent™  Aug*  12,  1749. 
The  House  taking  into  Consideration  his  Excellency's 
Message  of  the  eighth  Currant,  Thereupon  Voted  That  His 
Excellency  be  desired  to  commissionate  two  Gentlemen,  that 
shall  be  chosen  by  this  Court,  that  they  proceed  to  Canada 
forthwith,  whose  business  shall  be  to  redeem  Captives  in  the 
hands  of  the  French  &  Indians ;  and  to  forward  the  Redemp- 


tion  of  the  Captives  of  the  Six  Nations  in  the  hands  of  the 
French ;  —  The  said  Commissioners  to  act  in  all  these 
Matters  agreable  to  such  Instructions  as  they  shall  receive 
from  this  Court. 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence  J  Dwight  Spkr 

In  Council  Aug*  15.  1749     Read  &  Concur'd 

S.  Holbrook  D*  Secry 
Copy  examined  g  J  Willard  Secry 

Vote.     1749. 

In  the  House  of  Representatives  August  16,  1749. 
Voted,  That  upon  the  Ratification  of  the  Peace  with  the 
Several  Tribes  of  Indians,  a  Trade  be  opened  and  carried  on 
with  them  at  the  Truck-Houses  at  Richmond  and  S*  Georges. 
That  two  Truck  masters  be  annually  chosen  and  appointed 
by  this  Court  who  shall  be  under  Oath  and  Bonds  with  Suffi- 
cient Sureties,  for  the  faithful  Discharge  of  their  Trust. 

And  Whereas  there  were  Rules  &  Rates  Settled  by  which 
the  Commissary  General  govern'd  himself  in  carrying  on  the 
Trade  with  the  Indians  in  time  of  the  last  Peace  with  them, 
and  has  conformed  himself  to  the  same  Rules  with  respect 
to  the  Goods  lately  Sent  to  those  Truck  Houses,  and  has 
given  directions  to  the  officers  there  as  to  the  prices  of  Goods 
&  Furrs  accordingly  Voted  That  the  said  Commissary  Gen- 
eral be  directed  ( as  said  Ratification  of  Peace  shall  be  com- 
pleated)  to  continue  the  Trade  with  the  Indians  in  the  Same 
Method  he  has  done,  till  the  further  Order  of  this  Court. 
And  that  private  Trade  with  the  Indians  be  restrained  as 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence  J.  Dwight  Spkr 

In  Council  Aug:  17.  1749 

Read  and  Concurr'd  Sam1  Holbrook  Dty  Secry 

Consented  to         W  Shirley 


Petition  of  Joseph  Frye 

Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To  His  Excellency  the  Governor,  To  the  Honourable  His 
Majestys  Council  &  House  of  Representatives  of  said 
Province  in  general  Court  Assembled 
The  Petition  of  Joseph  Frye  Humbly  Sheweth 

That  under  the  Patronage  of  this  Government  He  under- 
took the  Settlement  of  a  new  Township  (  now  called  Frye- 
burg  )  at  Pigwacket  in  the  County  of  York,  which  being  so 
far  in  the  Wilderness  as  to  render  the  getting  a  Passage 
thereto,  that  would  make  a  Road  for  Wheel  Carriages  exceed- 
ing Difficult.  It  cast  a  very  gloomy  Aspect  upon  the  Under- 
taking.—  But,  as  Such  a  Road  must  first  be  had,  or  it  would 
be  in  Vain  to  Attempt  the  Settlement  of  the  Place.  Your 
Petitioner  and  Associates  exerted  Themselves  to  the  utmost 
of  Their  Power  to  find  a  Passage  that  would  Answer  that 
Purpose. —  Made  two  Expensive  Tryals  on  Different  Courses, 
and  carried  each  Road  the  greatest  part  of  the  way  thro'  the 
woods,  and  then  mett  Insuperable  Impediments  in  Their  way, 
by  means  whereof  Their  Labour  on  those  two  Routs  was 
intirely  lost,  and  They  almost  Discouraged  —  However  Your 
Petitioner  used  means  which  revived  the  Courage  of  His 
Associates  to  abide  by  Him  in  a  Third  Tryal  Pitched  upon  a 
Time  when  He  would  go  (  with  two  Men  only  )  to  look  out 
the  way  and  Accordingly  went,  and  thro'  much  Difficulty 
found  a  Passage  thro'  the  Wilderness  which  He  thought 
might  Possibly  Answer  and  made  Report  thereof  to  his 
Associates,  who  thereupon  went  with  Him,  clear'd,  Bridg'd 
&  Causeway'd  the  same  where  it  wanted  ( except  great  & 
Little  Ossapee  Rivers  )  Then  Measured  the  Road  &  found, 
That  from  the  Town  then  called  Phillipstown  ( which  was 
the  Place  of  Their  Departure)  to  Fryeburg  was  fifty  four 
miles.     And  also  found  the  Cost  They  had  been  put  to  in 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  11 

getting  said  Road  ( Including  the  two  fruitless  Attempts ) 
Ammounted  to  upwards  of  four  hundred  Pounds  Lawful 
Money. — 

Having  then  got  a  Road  for  Wheel  Carriages  ( tho'  a  very 
Rough  one  in  Some  Places )  They  proceeded  to  the  Settle- 
ment of  the  Place  with  all  Possible  Speed,  and  in  about  five 
years  after  got  upwards  of  fifty  Families  Settled  therein. — 

That  tho'  your  Petitioner  believes  the  People  Settled  there 
are  in  general  as  Laborious  a  Set  of  People  as  have  undertook 
the  Settlement  of  a  Plantation  in  the  Wilderness  for  many 
years  past ;  Yet  it's  certain  That  Their  Task  in  Subduing 
Their  wild  Land,  Building  Mills,  clearing  Roads,  building 
Bridges  &c  &c  &c  within  their  own  Department  is  as  great 
as  in  Their  Infant  State  They  are  able  to  bear  — 

Notwithstanding  which,  as  Their  Lands  will  not  Produce 
all  the  absolutely  Necessaries  of  Life,  They  have  been  Obliged 
to  maintain  the  greatest  part  of  a  Road  of  fifty  miles  in  length 
to  get  to  the  Sea-Coasts  for  those  Necessaries  that  are  Lack- 
ing. This  is  such  a  great  Addition  to  the  Difficulties  They 
Labour  under  within  their  own  Place  as  will  (  except  Relief 
from  this  Court  Presents )  Terminate  in  Their  Ruin  — 

Your  Petitioner  and  Associates  having  Labour'd  under  this 
Difficulty  for  upwards  of  eight  years,  and  finding  They  were 
no  Longer  able  to  Support  Themselves  under  it,  and  That 
Falmouth  (tho'  fifty  miles  distant  from  Fryeburg)  is  the 
most  Convenient  Sea  Port  Town  for  Them ;  Your  said  Peti- 
tioner (  hoping  to  obtain  some  Speedy  help  from  thence )  Sets 
out  for  Falmouth,  where  he  arived  the  15th  of  November 
1771,  and  on  the  then  next  monday  evening  was  favour' d 
with  the  Company  of  a  Number  of  the  Gentlemen  of  that 
Town,  when  he  Laid  before  Them  the  Difficulties  His  Remote 
Plantation  Labour'd  under  for  want  of  a  Road  to  Them. 
Shewing  Them  at  the  same  Time,  That  the  way  to  get  the 
most  Convenient  Communication  opened  between  Falmouth 


and  Fryeburg,  was  to  open  a  Road  from  the  North  End  of 
Pearsontown  -  Road  (  Steering  about  Northwest  thro'  a  Tract 
of  unappropriated  Wilderness  Land  belonging  to  the  Prov- 
ince )  to  the  falls  in  Saco  River  called  the  great  Falls,  and 
then  there  would  be  only  the  width  of  said  River  to  get  into 
the  Road  your  Petitioner  &  Associates  had  open'd  to  Frye- 
burg as  above  Related  —  Upon  which,  the  Gentlemen,  for 
the  immediate  Relief  of  said  Young  Plantation,  and  in  Con- 
sideration of  the  Prospect  of  Advantages  arising  therefrom 
to  the  Publick,  open'd  a  Subscription  for  raising  Money  to 
Clear,  Bridge  and  Causeway  a  Road,  the  way  your  Petitioner 
had  Propos'd  to  Them,  and  immediately  Chose  a  Committee 
to  Seek  a  Passage  thro'  the  woods  for  that  Purpose  — 

This  Committee  went  on  the  Business  for  which  They 
were  Chose,  &  after  finding  the  way  where  the  Road  must 
unavoidably  go  they  measured  and  found  the  length  of  the 
Road  from  the  north  end  of  Pearsontown  Road  to  sd  Falls, 
would  be  fourteen  and  an  half  miles,  and  that  it  would  go 
the  greater  part  of  that  Distance,  on  s*1  Tract  of  Province 
Land. —  The  Subscribers  being  soon  inform'd  by  their  Com- 
mittee what  length  of  way  They  had  to  make  sd  Road  They 
Proceeded  with  all  Possible  Speed  to  opening  the  Same,  and 
( at  great  Expence )  have  Clear'd  it  two  Rods  wide,  and 
altho'  there  were  many  bad  Brooks  &  miry  Places  in  their 
way  They  have  Bridged  and  Causeway'd  the  Same,  so  that  a 
Number  of  Loaded  Teams  that  went  from  hence  Traveled  so 
Comfortably  thro'  sd  Road  it  has  much  Revived  the  Spirits 
of  the  ( almost  Discouraged  )  Inhabitants  of  this  young  Plan- 
tation for  the  Present  —  But  here  your  Petitioner  begs  leave 
to  observe,  That  said  Tract  of  Province  Land  turns  out  very 
Different  from  what  Sundry  Persons  have  heretofore  Con- 
ceived of  it,  It  having  Lately  been  found  to  be  Such  a  Moun- 
tainous, Boggy,  Ponded,  and  broken  Fragment  of  Land,  That 
none  who  had  grants  of  Land  to  lay  out  in  that  part  of  the 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  13 

Province  would  Accept  of  but  Chose  to  go  many  miles  fur- 
ther into  the  Wilderness  than  to  take  it.  It's  likely  to  lay 
( no  one  can  tell  how  long )  a  Grievous  Stumbling-Block  in 
the  way  of  the  back  Settlements,  as  there  is  no  Prospect  of 
it's  ever  being  made  a  Township  of  whereby  the  Road  may 
be  kept  in  Repair.  So  that  the  kindness  of  the  Subscribers 
aforesaid  will  not  be  of  that  lasting  Advantage  to  the  back 
Settlements  They  Really  Stand  in  Need  of,  Except  your 
Excellency  &  Honours  would  be  pleas'd  to  grant  said  Tract 
of  Land  to  some  Persons  or  other  upon  such  Terms  as  will 
Induce  Them  into  an  Obligation  to  maintain  the  Road  thro' 
it. —  And  as  the  said  Subscribers  In  Consideration  of  the 
Danger  of  the  Road's  not  being  kept  in  Such  Repair  as  to 
Answer  the  good  Design  of  it,  Have  (since  They  open'd 
Their  Subscription )  manifested  a  willingness  to  bind  Them- 
selves to  keep  said  Road  in  good  Repair,  Provided  They 
might  have  a  Grant  of  said  Tract  of  Province  Land  to 
Defray  the  Charges  of  it,  your  Petitioner  begs  leave  humbly 
to  Pray  your  Excellency  &  Honours,  would  ( on  Their 
Request )  be  pleas'd  to  Grant  it  to  Them  for  that  Purpose  — 
And  as  in  Duty  bound  will  ever  Pray 

Joseph  Frye 

To  His  Excellency  &  the  whole  Court  To  whom  the  forego- 
ing Petition  is  Addressed  — 
We  the  Subscribers  who  are  Associated  of  the  above  Peti- 
tioner, Proprietors  &  Inhabitants  of  the  said  Township  of 
Fryeburg,  beg  Leave  to  Declare,  That  the  foregoing  Petition 
contains  a  True  &  just  Representation  of  the  Expence  and 
Difficulty  of  getting  a  Road  to  this  Place,  and  the  Expence 
and  Difficulties  we  have  been  put  to,  and  Still  Labour  under 
within  our  own  Department.  And  upon  the  whole  That  our 
Sufferings  for  want  of  help  to  maintain  a  Road  to  the  Sea- 
Coasts  have  been  Such,  as  Constrains  us  to  make  known  to 
your  Excellency  &  Honours,  we  are  no  longer  able  to  Sup- 



port  our  Selves  under  Them.  And  as  the  Subscribers  men- 
tion'd  in  sd  Petition  have  been  so  Compassionate  to  us,  as  to 
open  the  Road  for  our  Relief,  as  therein  Justly  Set  forth  ; 
and  from  Their  Knowledge  of  our  Inability  to  maintain  said 
Road  in  that  Repair  which  is  absolutely  Necessary  are  willing 
to  bind  Themselves  to  do  it  Provided  They  may  have  a  Grant 
of  the  Tract  of  Province  Land  the  Road  goes  thro'  to  Defray 
the  Expence  of  such  Repairs,  We  beg  Leave  humbly  to  Sub- 
join our  Prayer  That  the  Prayer  of  sd  foregoing  Petition  may 
be  Granted. 

And  as  in  Duty  bound  will  ever  Pray  — 

Ebenezer  Farnum 
Caleb  Swan 
Nathaniel  Smith 
David  Evans 
Jedediah  Spring 
John  Bicknell 
Benjamin  Russell 
Nath1  Merrill 
John  Evans 
John  Farington 
Nathan  Ames 
Henry  Gordon 
Stephen  Knight 
Joseph  Kilgore 
Benjamin  Kilgore 
John  Walker 
William  Wiley 

Isaac  Abbot 
Hugh  Sterling 
Stephen  Farington 
Simon  Frye 
Joseph  Frye  Junr 
Jonathan  Dresser 
James  Swan 
Ezra  Carter 
Moses  Ames 
Samul  Ingalls 
John  McMillan 
Joseph  Pettengill 
Ebenezer  Day 
Aaron  Abbot 
Timothy  Bradley 
Peter  Chandler 
Moses  Day 

Timothy  Walker 
Sam11  Osgood 
Rachel  Walker 
Jo :  Greely  Swan 
Ezekiel  Walker 
Richard  Kimball 
Isaac  Walker 
Samuel  Walker 
Hezekiah  Aston 
Peter  Allen 
John  Stevens 
Joseph  Walker 
Abner  Charles 
Abraham  Bradley 
John  Webster 
David  Page 
Daniel  Em  Cross 

John  Charles  Junor  Samuel  Walker  Jur 

Letter  H.  Pepperell  to  Brigadier  Waldo 

Kittery  Sep*  22d  1749 
Honble  Sr 

By  a  Letter  fr°  you  to  Mr  Sparhawk  I  am  Informed 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  15 

You  Imbark  Next  Week  for  Lond0  Where  I  hope  you  will 
See  my  Father  who  (  You  Undoubtedly  have  Heard  )  Went 
in  Grant,  Be  so  good  as  to  Excuse  the  Freedom  I  now  take 
in  Prayg  the  Favour  of  you  to  Take  the  Trouble  of  the 
Inclosed  to  Him,  Give  me  Leave  to  Wish  You  Heavens 
Protection  in  Your  Voyage,  All  the  Success  You  desire 
Abroad,  &  a  Safe  Return  to  You  Friends  Again  I  am  with 
Compliments  to  Your  Family  &  my  Best  Wishes  to  You  in 
Your  Voyage  Honble  Sr  Your  Most  Obed*  &  most  Hle  Ser* 

H.  Pepperrell 
Brigadier  Waldo 

Letter  Francis  Waldo  to  Ms  Father. 

Boston  Oct0  21°  1749 
Honrd  Sir 

We  have  great  Reason  to  flatter  Ourselves  You  had  a 
Good  Time  off  the  Coast  &  that  You  are  well  advanced  in 
the  Voyage,  by  the  long  spell  of  Fair  Winds  with  us  after 
your  departure  from  Nantasket.  I  therefore  hope  this  by 
Bradford  will  find  You  in  good  Health  safely  Arrived  in  a 
short  &  agreeable  Passage 

Since  you  left  Boston  a  Peace  is  concluded  with  the 
Indians  I  was  favour'd  with  the  Treaty  by  Colo  Cotton  & 
have  sent  You  a  Copy  of  it  by  Majr  Gardner  who  desired  it 
unseal'd  that  he  might  Copy  it  on  Passage 

I  have  procured  the  Prov  Seal  to  Woods  Affa  which  with 
the  Acco*  of  Improvements  at  Falmouth  is  here  inclos'd. 
The  Cop  of  your  Case  with  Govr  Shirley  I  fear  cant  be 
obtain'd  in  season  for  this  Ship  oweing  to  Mr  Winthrops 
Absence  from  Town  for  a  Week  past  he  is  expected  to 
morrow  &  will  be  /  as  he  has  often  been  /  closely  followed 
to  get  it  in  readiness  for  this  Vessell,  this  I  hope  will  be  sent 


you  without  fail  by  Stransburry  who  sails  next  week.  The 
Geese  you  Order'd  are  on  board  Cap*  Bradford  under  Mr 
Gardners  Care.  Cap*  Capham  his  Wife  now  informs  is  not 
expected  here  this  Winter,  for  woh  reason  I  have  made  out 
Three  Copy  of  his  Acco*  &  got  Mrs  Clapham  to  Certify  to 
him  her  having  compar'd  them  with  his  Originall  Accot/wch 
I  still  keep  / .  These  Copys  I  shall  send  him  to  Chebucta 
in  a  day  or  two  in  Order  for  him  to  authenticate  'em,  Mr 
Winslow  will  write  him  directing  his  forward8  You  one  fr° 
thence  as  soon  as  possible  &  sending  the  other  two  here  to  be 
likewise  sent  You 

The  beggining  of  the  Week  coming  I  shall  answer  Your 
Expectations  &  leave  Boston  for  Casco  Bay.  The  Scituation 
of  the  Affairs  of  the  House  would  not  admitt  of  my  going 
sooner.  We  are  now  moveing  The  Furniture  to  Mr  Wins- 
lows,  he  was  obliged  to  give  Mr  Barrell  your  Directions 
/  relating  the  House  &  the  security  requir'd  /  in  writing, 
since  which  he  has  declin'd  takeing  it  &  is  not  a  little  angry 
threatning  to  write  Chauncey  Townsend  &  send  him  a  Copy 
of  the  Extract.     Mr  Clarke  is  soon  to  come  into  ye  House 

I  am  Honred  Sir  Your  Most  Dutifull  Son 

Francis  Waldo 

P.  S.  I  have  the  pleasure  to  acquaint  you  my  Sisters 
Winslows  being  Well  bro*  to  Bed  with  a  nother  Girl  &  they 
both  are  likely  to  do  well  My  sister  hanner  is  also  well  &  in 
high  Spirits  at  my  Lady  Pepperrells  Coming  to  Town  who 
expected  to  see  her  sister  in  Boston  but  arrived  after  She 
was  interr'd 

Petition  of  Jabez  Fox,  Attv  Nov.  22,  1749. 

To  the  Honourable  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieu1  Gover- 
nour  and  Commander  in  Chief  in  &  over  His  Maj- 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  17 

esties    Province    of   the    Massachusetts   Bay    &   the 
Honble  His  Majesties  Council  for  sd  Province,  as  the 
Supreme  Court  for  Probate  of  Wills    and  Granting 
Letters  of  Administration  within  the  sd  Province 
Humbly  Shews 

Jabez  Fox  of  Falmth  in  the  County  of  York  that  in  the 
year  1744  he  Exhibited  a  petition  to  this  Honble  Court  in 
behalf  of  Mary  Westbrook  Late  of  Portsmouth  in  the 
Province  of  New  Hampshire  Decd  then  the  widow  of  Tho8 
Westbrook  late  of  Falmth  aforesd  Esq1'  Decd  and  Richard 
Waldron  of  Portsmouth  aforesd  Esqr  &  Elizabeth  his  wife  in 
her  right  (by  virtue  of  a  power  rec'd  from  the  above  sd 
Mary  Westbrook  and  Richard  Waldron  )  Setting  forth  in  sd 
Petition  that  the  sd  Tho8  Lately  Dyed  Intestate  (Leaving 
only  one  Child  the  sd  Elizabeth  )  Administration  on  whose 
Estate  was  moved  for  by  the  sd  Mary  but  was  notwithstand- 
ing granted  to  one  Mr  Enoch  Freeman  a  meere  Stranger  and 
not  a  principal  Creditor  from  which  Decree  your  Remon- 
strants appealed  to  this  Honble  Court  for  the  following 
reasons  ( first )  for  that  the  Decree  is  Erronious  and  directly 
against  Law,  the  right  of  Administration  being  thereby 
vested  in  the  widow  or  next  a  kin  to  the  Intestate  or  both  as 
the  Judge  shall  See  fitt,  and  if  they  Claim  it  no  other  can 
have  it  Legally  (  2ly  )  the  Judge  has  no  Discretionary  power 
but  only  as  to  Joyning  the  next  akin  with  the  widow,  or  not 
as  Occasion  may  require,  therefore  the  Letting  in  a  Stranger 
is  Illegal  &  Injurious  (  3ly  )  the  administration  was  Claimed 
in  behalf  of  the  widow  and  a  Promise  Obtained  of  having  it, 
but  yet  it  was  afterwards  granted  as  aforesd  without  any 
notice  given  to  any  Concerned,  wherefore  your  appellants  on 
Tryal  Obtained  a  Vote  from  the  Honble  Board  for  a  Rever- 
sion of  the  aforesd  Decree,  of  the  aforesd  Judge  Wherefore 
your  Petitioner  prays,  that  the  Honble  Jeremiah  Moulton 
Esqr    Judge    of   Probate    for   sd    County   of  York  may    be 


directed  by  this  Honble  Court  to  grant  a  Letter  of  Adminis- 
tration to  the  above  sd  Richard  Waldron  Esqr  and  as  in  Duty 
bound  shall  ever  pray 
Falmth  Nov  :  22  1749  Jabez  Fox  Attorney 

Petition.  Second  Parish  in  Falmouth. 

To  the  Honourable  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieutenant 
Governour  and  Commander  in  Chief  in  and  Over  his 
Majestys  Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay  in  New- 
England  The  Honble  the  Council  and  Honble  house  of 
Representatives    of   the    said   Province    in    General 
Court  assembled  at  Boston  the  23d  day  of  November 
The  Petition  of  the  Inhabitants  of  the  Second  Parish  in 
Falmouth  in  the  County  of  York 
Most  humbly  Shew 

That  the  said  Parish  Contains  a  Tract  of  Land  of  Ten 
Miles  in  length  and  about  five  Miles  in  breadth  and  Suitable 
for  a  Township  on  which  is  now  settled  about  One  hundred 
and  fifty  Familys 

That  your  petrs  by  long  Experience  have  found  Great 
Difhcultys  and  many  Inconveniencys  by  being  only  a  Parish 
and  so  part  of  the  Town  of  Falmouth  do  Earnestly  desire 
that  they  may  be  Erected  into  a  Township  for  the  following 

First  Because  they  are  by  the  Water  so  Seperated  from  the 
Town  that  they  cannot  Attend  upon  the  Publick  Town 
Meetings  without  going  some  of  them  ten  and  some  fifteen 
Miles  by  land  to  said  Meetings  and  for  Want  of  their 
presence  many  things  are  there  done  and  Acted  by  the  other 
part  of  the  Town  very  much  to  their  damage 
Secondly     Because  being  only  a  Parish  they  cannot  keep  a 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  19 

Constant  School  Among  them  for  want  of  which  their 
Children  greatly  Suffer  for  tho  they  have  paid  Constantly 
for  the  Support  of  a  Grammer  School  yet  they  never  have 
Since  they  have  been  a  Parish  four  Months  of  the  Town 
School  or  any  money  Granted  by  the  Town  to  help  them  on 
that  Account  Whereas  had  they  been  a  Town  they  would 
Constantly  have  Maintained  a  Schoolmaster  Among  them- 
selves which  they  cannot  do  now  but  by  Subscription  which 
hath  been  a  very  heavy  burthen  on  Some  particular  persons 

Your  petitioners  for  these  and  other  Reasons  that  might 
be  mentioned  Most  humbly  pray  This  Great  and  HonbIe 
Court  would  be  pleased  to  Erect  the  said  Second  Parish  of 
Falmouth  into  a  Township  by  the  Bounds  of  said  Parish 
And  as  in  duty  bound  Your  pet18  will  ever  pray  &c 

Ezekiel  Cushing      )       Agents  for 
Christopher  Stroot  J    the  said  Parish 

In  the  House  of  Repves  Decr  1.  1749 

Read  and  Ordered  that  the  Petitioners  serve  the  first 
Parish  in  the  Town  of  Falmouth  with  a  copy  of  this  Petition 
that  they  shew  cause  if  any  they  have  on  the  first  tuesday  of 
next  Sitting  of  this  Court  why  the  Prayer  thereof  should  not 
be  granted. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence 

Atf  Roland  Cotton  Cler.  Dom.  Prep. 
In  Council  Decr  1st  1749  Read  &  Concurred 

Sam  Holbrook  Dep :  Sec. 

In  Council:  March  29.  1750,  Read  again  with  the  Answer 
of  the  first  Parish  in  Falmouth,  and  Ordered  that  John 
Greenleaf  &  John  Otis  Esq"  with  such  as  shall  be  joined  by 
the  Honble  House  of  Represent™8  be  a  Committee  to  consider 
this  Petition  &  Answer,  hear  the  Parties,  &  report  what  they 
judge  proper  for  this  Court  to  do  thereon. 

Sent  down  for  Concurrence 

J  Willard  Secry 


In  the  House  of  Repves  March  30  1750 

Read  and  Concurd  and  Col0  Heath  Capt  Hobson  and 
Mr  Bayley  are  Joyned  in  the  Affair 

Thos  Hubbard  Spkr  pro  Tempore 

The  Committee  to  whonie  the  Consideration  of  the  within 
written  Petition  was  referred  Having  mett  And  considered 
the  Same  togather  with  the  Answer  thereto  And  heard  the 
Parties  thereon  Are  of  Opinion  That  the  Prayer  of  the  said 
Petition  be  so  far  granted  That  the  Lands  contained  therein 
be  Erected  into  a  Seperate  Township  And  be  invested  with 
All  Town  Priviledges  they  Maintaining  and  Supporting  their 
Equall  part  or  Proportion  of  Keeping  in  repair  the  Great 
Bridge  built  over  the  Main  and  Fore  river  in  the  within 
named  Town  of  Fallmouth  till  further  order,  if  the  Tole  do 
not  prove  sufficient  to  Keep  the  Same  in  repair  g  order  of 
the  Committee :  John  Greenleaf 

In  Council  April  19.  1750  —  Read,  &  so  far  accepted  as 
that  the  Land  contained  in  the  Bounds  mentioned  in  the 
Pet"  with  the  Inhabts  thereon  be  erected  into  a  distinct  & 
seperate  Township,  and  vested  with  all  such  Powers  & 
Priviledges  as  other  Towns  within  this  Province  do  or  by 
Law  ought  to  enjoy ;  ( Saving  that  they  shall  continue  to 
join  with  the  Inhabts  of  that  Part  of  the  Town  of  Falmouth 
from  which  they  are  seperated  in  like  manner  as  heretofore 
the  Select  Men  of  Falmouth  from  time  to  time  to  regulate 
all  Meetings  )  for  the  Choice  of  Repves )  —  Provided  the 
Pet"  pay  their  proportionable  Part  of  the  Repairs  of  the 
great  Bridge  over  the  Fore  River  till  the  further  Order  of 
this  Court,  in  Case  the  Toll  does  not  prove  sufficient  for  that 
Purpose ;  &  that  the  Pet"  have  leave  to  bring  in  a  Bill 

Sent  down  for  Concurrence 

Sam1  Holbrook  D*  Secry 

OP   THE   STATE    OF   MAINE  21 

In  the  House  of  Repves  Feb?  11.  1750 

Read  and  Ordered  that  this  Pet"  and  the  Answer  and 
the  Vote  of  Council  thereon  be  revived  and  Concur'd  and 
the  Petra  are  allowed  to  bring  in  a  Bill  accordingly. 

T.  Hubbard  Spk1 

Speech  of  the  Lieut.  Govr  Nov.  23,  1740. 

"  Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Representatives  " 

"  I  can  now  inform  you  that  the  Treaty  proposed  by  the 
Delegates  of  the  Eastern  Indians  at  the  May  Session,  to  be 
held  in  the  Eastern  parts  between  this  Government  and 
their  Tribes,  has  been  attended  to  by  the  Gentlemen  I  Com- 
missionated,  agreeable  to  the  appointment  of  the  Governour 
before  his  Departure,  and  that  the  said  Treaty  was  Con- 
cluded in  as  full  a  Submission  of  the  Several  Tribes  of 
Indians  to  his  Majestys  Goverment  by  the  Delagates,  as  1ms 
been  Made  by  those  Tribes  in  Former  Treaties. 

I  desire  therefore  that  you  would  Consider  as  soon  as 
May  be  whot  is  Necessary  to  be  don  by  this  Court  (  More 
Especially  with  relation  to  the  Trade  with  the  Indians  )  for 
fulfilling  our  Engagements  to  them  in  this  Treaty  which  ye 
Secretary  will  lay  before  you,  or  whotsoever  else  we  can  do 
that  may  tend  to  render  the  Peace  with  them  more  firm  and 
durable :  " 

S  Phips 
Council  Chamber  November  ye  23:   1749 

Letter  N.  Sparhaivk  to  Brigadier  Waldo. 

Kittery  Novemr  30  1749 
Dear  Sir  / 

I  was  duly  favoured  with  yors  just  before  you 
embarked  for  London,  which  at  your  present  distance  don't 


require  a  very  particular  Answer,  permit  me  However  to 
Say,  It  would  be  a  very  great  pleasure  to  me,  to  Oblige  you 
in  Respect  of  yor  Son  Franks  spending  some  time  at  my 
Warehouse,  But  as  Mr  Colman  &  I  Have  agreed  to  part  this 
winter,  &  our  Vessels  are  all  dispatched,  Goods  sold,  and 
little  to  be  done  between  us,  But  what  we  must  negotiate 
Our  selves,  I  could  propose  no  Advantage  to  Him,  That 
would  be  any  Equivolent  for  His  being  in  this  Obscure  part 
of  the  World,  In  the  Spring  if  I  don't  Embark  for  England 
wch  will  depend  much  on  the  Advices  I  may  receive  from  Sr 
William,  and  I  am  not  greatly  disappointed  in  the  Success  of 
my  Applications  to  my  Friends  for  Busyness  on  my  Own 
Acco1  It  may  be  in  my  power  to  give  him  some  exercise,  wch 
may  be  no  disadvantage  to  him,  I  have  lately  been  Eastward 
where  I  found  some  difficultys  Attending  my  proposed  pur- 
chase, which  prove  discouraging,  and  will  render  the 
Instrument  you  were  so  good  as  to  leave  with  Mr  Winslow 
of  no  use  to  me  this  I  could  not  foresee,  or  I  should  not 
have  given  you  the  Trouble  of  executing  it,  for  which  I  Hold 
my  self  much  Oblidged  as  I  do  for  your  offers  of  Service  at 
London,  upon  wch  I  would  take  the  freedom  to  Say  that 
inasmuch  as  you  were  pleased  to  inform  me,  that  your 
family  in  none  of  its  Branches,  would  be  injured  or  dis- 
oblidged  by  your  Influencing  Commission  Buying  into  my 
Hands,  as  you  might  Have  Opportunity,  that  on  these  Terms 
I  should  greatly  Esteem  of  your  Interest  &  recommendation, 
for  Building  ships,  loading  fish,  Lumber  or  any  other  the 
produce  of  N  England,  But  an  Agency  for  Some  of  the 
Contracts  at  Home  might  be  still  more  beneficiall,  and  as  I 
stand  in  a  pretty  near  relation  to  Sir  William,  It  seems  to 
me,  if  I  was  properly  recomended  at  the  Board  of  Ordnance 
As  His  Son  in  Law,  that  the  Supply  of  Chebucta  &  New- 
foundland might  be  Obtain'd  for  me,  Should  it  be  in  your 
power  to  contribute  any  thing  to  it,  which  I  doubt  not  at  all, 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  23 

if  it  don't  interfere  with  any  favourite  point  you  are  pushing, 
I  should  Esteem  it  as  a  very  convincing  proof  of  your  Friend- 
ship, as  I  should  your  recomendation  of  me  to  Mr  Townsend, 
who  may  possibly  incline  to  do  busyness  at  Piscataqua,  wch 
might  not  be  so  convenient  for  a  House  at  Boston  to 
negotiate  nor  could  they  in  many  respects  so  much  to  His 
Advantage,  As  one  that  is  always  on  the  Spott,  But  not  to 
trouble  you  any  further  on  these  Heads,  I  now  most  Heartily 
wish  you  may  Have  had  an  Agreeable  Voyage  to  London, 
and  that  with  yor  Two  sons,  to  whom  my  sincere  regards, 
You  are  in  perfect  Health,  in  prospect,  if  not  already 
Obtain'd,  of  all  the  Success  you  could  expect  or  even  wish, 
The  Grand  Affair  I  am  exceeding  Impatient  &  Sollicitous 
about,  and  shall  be  quite  big  with  the  Expectation  to  Hear 
of  your  gaining  a  compleat  Victory  g  first  spring  ships,  if  not 
sooner,  I  have  wrote  Sr  William  largely  in  relation  to  another 
Bashaw,  not  farr  off,  praying  that  He  /  Sr  Wn'  /  will  give 
him  His  quietus,  &  I  Pray  God  He  may,  I  am  if  He  or  some 
other  worthy  Genn  does  not,  fatall  will  be  the  consequence, 
Let  me  therefore  entreat  you,  to  Afford  your  Assistance  in  a 
Matter  of  so  much  concernm1  to  a  Multitude  besides  myself. 
I  Have  begun  a  very  agreeable  correspondence  with  Mr 
Winslow,  in  a  great  measure  that  I  May  have  the  pleasure  of 
Hearing  often  &  particularly  from  the  Ladys  of  yor  family,  & 

I  wish  it  was  in  my  power  to  Advise  you  that  Mr  P lis 

nuptials  with  Miss  Hannah  were  consummated,  But  this  is  a 
Happiness  yl  Its  now  said,  we  must  wait  for  'till  Xmas,  & 
therefore  may  be  a  Subject  for  my  next  Address,  In  the 
mean  time  let  me  Assure  you,  the  present  distance  between 
us,  don't  in  any  measure  abate  my  concern  for  yor  prosperity 
&  Happiness,  &  I  am  rather  more  fond  than  ever  of  convinc- 
ing you  that  with  all  sincerity  &  respect  I  am  Dear  Sir  Yr 
most  Affectionate  &  Obed1  Hum1  Serv1 

N  Sparhawk 


PS.  As  all  Busyness  directed  to  B  C  or  myself  after 
this  time,  will  be  for  Sole  benefit  of  him  to  whom  Its  so 
directed,  }ou'l  please  to  Observe  this  in  any  of  your  recomen- 
dations  of  me  : 

Yo"  N  S 

Letter  Enoch  Freeman  to  Tho»  Hutchinson 

Falmouth  Dec1  4th  1749 

Last  Octr  Coll0  Moulton,  according  to  the  Advice  that 
had  been  given  him ;  received  the  Inventory  of  Coll0  West- 
brooks  Estate  which  I  Exhibited  to  him  and  he  Administerd 
the  Oath  to  me  upon  it,  and  as  I  had  represented  ye  Estate 
Insolvent,  he  fill  up  a  Commission  for  three  men  to  receive 
the  Claims,  but  before  he  Sign'd  it,  Mr  Fox  happen'd  to  come 
in,  and  desir'd  the  Judge  to  Stop  the  Proceedings,  till  he  had 
once  more  Petitiond  the  Governour  and  Councill,  hoping 
Since  Govern1  Shirley  was  gone  that  Governour  Phips  wou'd 
determine  the  Affair  in  his  Favour ;  so  the  Judge  Stopt  and 
I  hear  Mr  Fox  has  sent  his  Petition,  but  I  hope,  as  the 
Counsillors  are  new  ones,  tho'  the  Same  Men,  &  a  New  Gov- 
ernour, that  there  will  be  no  New  Determination,  without  a 
New  hearing,  especially  as  Madam  Westbrook  is  Since  dead  ; 
and  Mr  Fox,  who  was  the  only  Instigator  of  the  Appeal,  I 
say  the  only  Instigator,  for  Mr  Waldron  did  absolutely 
decline  it,  in  as  much  as  he  order'd  his  Son  Richard  (  who 
had  ye  Keys  of  Coll0  Westbrooks  House  after  he  dy'd  )  to 
deliver  the  Keys  to  me,  that  I  might  take  an  Inventory  & 
proceed  in  the  Administration,  which  I  can  prove;  but  Mr 
Fox  having  taken  Possession  of  Coll0  Westbrook's  House  as 
his  own  Property  pretending  it  stood  upon  Land  he  bought 
of  said  Westbrook,  &  I  having  ousted  him  as  I  was  Admin- 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  25 

istrator,  he  was  so  vext  that  he  apply'd  to  Mr  Waldron  to 
appeal  from  my  Administrat"  and  with  Difficulty  brought  Mr 
Waldron  to  give  him  a  Power  of  Attorney  to  appeal ;  And 
Mr  Fox  has  Since  dispos'd  of  his  Right  in  said  Land,  so  that 
he  has  no  Pretence  of  any  Interest  of  his  own  to  Serve ;  And 
I  am  persuaded  Mr  Waldron  wou'd  not  take  the  Trouble  of 
Administring,  and  all  that  ever  was  Intended  was  to  gratify 
Mr  Fox.  Upon  the  whole  I  must  desire  that  I  may  be  heard 
before  a  final  Decision  of  the  Affair  is  given. 

Sir,  as  Travelling  by  Land  is  so  Chargeable  and  by  water 
so  hazardous,  I  have  sent  my  Muster  Roll  of  the  Guard  that 
attended  the  Treaty  with  the  Indians,  also  my  Memorial  and 
Acco11  by  a  Friend  that  was  bound  for  Boston  without  com- 
ing my  Self,  least  the  wages  that  shou'd  be  granted  me 
wou'd  not  Amount  to  the  Expence  of  a  Journey,  and  the 
Ballance  turn  against  me,  which  wou'd  be  very  hard ;  how- 
ever I  hope  the  Honourable  Court  will  do  me  Justice  and  the 
men  that  have  been  under  my  Command  —  I  hope  Your 
Honour  will  take  no  Exceptions  at  my  troubling  you  with 
these  Lines  for  I  really  thought  it  proper  for  me  to  write 
Something  as  I  cou'd  not  be  present  my  Self 

You'l  please  to  cover  every  thing  that  is  amiss  in,    Sir, 

Your  Honour's  most  Sincere  and  Obed'  hum1  Serv1 

Enoch  Freeman 
[  Superscribed  ] 

To  The  Hourable  Thomas  Hutchinson  Esqr 

in  Boston 

Letter  Chas  Procter  to  Sam1    Waldo  Esq 

Halifax  Decern'  6th  1749 

I  hope  you  will  Excuse  my  boldness  in  troubling  you 
with  a  Line,  Sr  I  hope  you  will  not  be  offended  at  my  Going 


to  Chebucto,  which  I  would  not  have  Done  had  it  not  been 
for  two  reasons,  the  first  was  that  I  had  great  Encouragment 
of  a  Company  of  Rangers  from  Governor  Cornwallis,  which 
he  told  me  since  I  came  down  I  should  have  had  it  if  I  had 
been  down  Ten  or  fifteen  days  sooner,  for  he  gave  Two 
Companys  away  in  my  Absence  and  he  said  by  the  Commen- 
dation that  he  had  of  me,  from  Gentlemen  that  knew  me, 
that  I  was  very  fit  for  that  Employment,  But  am  not  quite 
out  of  hope  yet  for  they  say  if  he  rais'd  any  more,  I  shall 
have  one,  which  I  think  We  shall  have  business  enough 
before  Spring,  For  the  Priests  &  Indians  met  all  together,  to 
plot  some  mischiefe  as  we  suppose,  the  other  was  my  Wife 
was  afraid  as  I  Killed  some  Indians  and  the  threatning  if 
ever  they  oust  me,  the  would  kill  me,  Sr  I  beg  your  favour  to 
assist  me  &  Deliver  the  Enclosed  to  Mr  Kilby,  &  make  no 
doubt  by  your  Desire,  that  he  will  Settle  my  Acco*  and  — 
allow  the  Charges  of  the  Twenty  pound  Bills  that  his  Clerk 
protested,  the  Charges  was  forty  nine  pounds,  Ten  Shillings, 
Which  would  be  some  help  to  a  Broken  Officer,  Sir  Your 
family  is  all  well  for  I  had  a  Letter  from  Mr  Winslow,  to  beg 
the  favour  of  one  to  Let  me  know  the  prise  of  Lumber  & 
Lime,  wch  I  do  by  all  opportunitys. 

Boards  bring  five  pounds  Sterl  g  thousd  and  all  other 
Lumber  Accordingly  Lime  being  forty  shillg8  g  H  Hd 

Dear  Sr  if  it  fall  in  your  way,  that  you  fall  in  Com- 
pany with  any  of  the  Gentlemen  that  has  a  hand  in  settling 
this  place,  I  hope  you  will  be  so  good  as  to  get  them  to 
mention  my  name  to  Governor  Cornwallis  for  some  place  of 
whom  I  believe  Mr  Kilby  is  one  that  has  a  good  Interest 
with  him  please 

Sr  to  give  my  Complyments  to  Cap*  Waldo  And  to  Mr 
Reafe  And  Begs  Leave  to  Subscribe  my  Selfe  Yr  Sincere 
friend  &  Hum1  Serv1 

Cha8  Procter 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  27 

Isaac  Window  to  Sam1  Waldo  Esq. 

Copy  via  Liverpool. 
Dear  Sir  Boston  Decemr  7th  1749 

My  last  was  of  Novr  via  Liverpoole,  The  Copy  of 
the  Case  I  dont  send  now,  as  I  think  it  best  on  all  Accounts 
to  send  it  by  Spinder  a  Snow  of  London  that's  expected  to 
sail  in  a  Week  &  shall  count  it  to  the  Care  of  Mr  Stansbury  - 
The  Govr  I'm  told  goes  in  the  same  Vessell.  I  hope  you 
will  not  have  occasion  of  it  &  that  you'l  not  find  it  necessary 
to  enter  into  any  tedious  Contest  on  those  affairs  but  that 
you  will  be  admitted  to  settle  on  ye  footing  of  your  Mus- 
terolls.  Affairs  at  ye  Eastward  go  on  as  well  as  can  be 
expected  for  this  Season,  the  Winter  has  began  early  & 
threatens  to  be  a  severe  one,  I  keep  up  a  constant  Corre- 
spondence with  my  brother  Frank ;  He  seems  contented  wtu 
his  situation  and  I  have  the  pleasure  to  tell  you  he  apply's 
himself  to  business  &  has  your  Interest  much  at  heart  -  He 
writes  me  that  his  tarrying  at  Casco  is  well  lik'd  by  ye  people 
he  has  to  do  with 

He  has  collected  some  boards  &  expects  if  the  Weather 
dont  prove  too  severe  to  get  60m  at  the  wharf  in  a  short 
time.  Govr  Cornwallis's  Agent  here  offers  me  to  contract 
for  20<£  for  any  Quantity  to  be  did  at  Casco ;  I  think  to 
agree  for  w*  we  shall  be  able  to  get  this  Winter.  &  in  the 
spring  if  any  advantage  in  carrying  them  to  Halifax  I  shall 
attend  to  it  I  shall  also  have  the  same  regard  as  to  ye 
Article  of  Lime  if  I  find  it  will  answer.  There  has  been 
but  120hhds  burnt  this  Winter.  Mr  Cooke  Offers  me  his 
share  of  the  Works  at  1500<£  wch  I  think  to  purchase  if  I 
can  bring  him  to  1000X  I  hear  from  Georges  that  ye  Mill 
at  Madomock  is  going  but  that  ye  Millmen  refuse  supplying 
the  Inhabitants  at  B.  Bay  with  Lumber  wch  they  are  in  great 
want  of  —  I  have  wrote  to  Cap1  Fairfield  &  Henderson  to 
supply  them  wth  what  may  be  necessary  to  defend  them  from 


the  Cold,  Have  also  wrote  Henderson  to  inquire  what 
Boards  were  cut  of  the  Logs  left  by  Cap1  Martyn  &  to  keep 
me  acquainted  with  affairs  there  I  am  told  that  the  Lotts 
are  most  of  ym  fill'd  up  in  the  three  Towns  that  are  laid  out. 

I  wish  you  may  be  able  to  procure  a  Number  of  settlers 
from  Ireland  or  Germany  in  ye  Spring  I  had  lately  a  Lr  from 
Mr  Zouberbuhler  at  Louisbourg  He  had  sold  all  ye  Lumber 
at  abo1  70  Livers  &  was  going  to  Halifax  fm  whence  he  pro- 
pos'd  remitting  me  Bills  of  Gov1  Cornwallis's  -  I  have  wrote 
him  to  remit  me  silver,  as  its  at  present  worth  more  in  pro- 
portion than  bills,  besides  I'm  loth  to  run  the  least  risque  of 

bills     Its  said  M1'  C s  has  drawn  120  thousd  pds  Sterg 

you  know  what  publick  bills  are  &  can  tell  w'  dependance 
may  be  had  on  yr  being  paid  please  to  write  me  yor  opinion 
of  them  &  if  my  caution  be  unecessary  to  let  it  rest  with  you. 
I  have  had  no  answer  from  Clapham  to  my  Lr8  inclosing  the 
AcctB  wch  were  to  be  sign'd  by  him,  but  I've  repeated  my 
request  y*  he  will  forward  them  to  you  if  oppertunity.  There 
is  little  or  nothing  new  to  write  you  of  nor  am  I  politician 
eno'  to  write  on  publick  affairs 

Our  Gen11  Court  have  not  yet  come  to  any  resolves  with 
regard  to  the  Silver  in  the  Treasury,  but  it's  generally  sup- 
pos'd  they  will  not  postpone  ye  Act  for  exchanging  ye  Bills 
The  Lieutn  Govr  has  admitt'd  B.  Pemberton  to  the  Naval 
Office  Your  Old  friend  Lambert  is  dead,  &  Sir  Harry  Frank- 
land  has  been  dangerously  ill  but  is  grown  better  Its  likely 
that  some  of  your  ffriends  of  the  Court  may  write  you  fully 
on  publick  affairs,  but  least  they  shod  not  /  as  I  imagine  it 
may  be  agreable  to  you  to  know  how  things  go  on  /  I  will 
take  care  to  put  some  of  them  in  mind  of  writing  you  I 
dont  hear  any  talk  of  an  Agent  I  understand  by  Sam11  Cary 
that  Mr  Bourryan  has  signify'd  his  inclinations  to  the  Agency ; 
&  as  I  imagine  you'l  have  no  thoughts  of  it  yourself,  May  it 
not  be  of  advantage  to  you  your  interesting  your  self  in  his 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  29 

favour ;  I  shod  think  him  a  Likely  person  to  purchase  a  share 
in  your  Lands  in  case  you  think  best  to  dispose  of  any  I 
suppose  you  are  well  acquainted  wth  him.  I  take  him  to  be 
a  Gentleman  of  great  worth,  &  from  the  uncomon  friendship 
he  has  shewn  to  some  of  our  Country  men  who  were  intire 
strangers  to  him  I  judge  such  a  friend  is  worth  securing  As 
I  am  desirous  of  writing  you  every  thing  y*  comes  to  my 
mind  which  may  be  any  ways  agreable  or  serviceable  to  you, 
I  hope  you  will  be  so  good  as  to  excuse  both  ye  want  of  Con- 
nection in  ye  Lrs  I  write  you  as  well  as  the  Liberty  I  take  of 
writing  my  opinion  I  shall  only  add  that  Mrs  Winslow  & 
my  Sister  Hannah  are  both  well  &  desire  yr  duty  to  you  & 
Love  to  yr  brothers ;  In  wch  I  sincerely  join  &  am  with  great 


Boston  18°  Decr  1749 
Dear  Sir 

The  preceeding  is  Copy  of  what  I  last  wrote  you  to  which 
I  have  but  little  material  to  add,  saving  That  by  Mr  Stans- 
bury  I  have  sent  you  the  Copy  of  the  Case  in  a  parcell 
directed  to  You  containing  208  papers  which  wth  30  papers 
Mr  Winthrop  delivd  you  before  to  carry  with  you  He  tells 
me  contains  the  whole  Case  — 

Our  Gen.  Court  its  said  are  inclind  to  give  a  bounty  on 
Importation  of  Forreighners ;  I  hope  it  will  be  such  as  may 
incline  Gen1  in  England  to  engage  in  the  bringing  Them  from 
Germany  &  Ireland  Coll0  Wendell  tells  me  That  Hopes  of 
Holland  keep  severall  large  Ships  purely  for  the  Trade  of 
carrying  passengers  to  Phila.  &  He  promises  he  will  write  to 
them  encouraging  their  send8  a  Number  to  the  Eastward ;  a 
Correspondence  wth  Them  on  this  Head  may  be  of  great  Ser- 
vice to  You. 

Mrs  Winslow  &  miss  Hannah  present  yr  regard  &  Love  to 
You  &  yr  Brothers  wch  with  mine  concludes  me 

Dr  Sir  Yor  very  affectionate  &  most  humble  Serv' 

Isaac  Winslow 



Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Represent™ 

I  perceive  by  the  Treaty  held  with  the  Indians  at  Falmouth, 
that  the  Commissrs  promised  them  to  lay  their  Desire  to  have 
a  Truck  Trade  at  Saco  before  the  Court :  I  am  inform'd  that 
many  of  the  Indians  have  lately  been  into  the  Truckhouse, 
and  they  are  very  uneasy  that  they  can  have  no  Trade,  and 
that  there  is  danger  of  some  bad  Consequence  arising  from 
this  their  Uneasiness ;  At  least  I  doubt  not  you  will  think  it 
necessary  very  soon  to  determine  whether  you  will  make  any 
Provision  for  a  Truck  Trade  there,  or  not. 
Council  Chamber  S  Phips 

7  Decembr  1749 
In  the  House  of  Repves  Decr  20  1749 

Read  and  Ordered  that  the  Commissary  Gen1  be  directed 
to  send  down  to  Jonathan  Bean  Commander  of  the  Truck 
House  at  Saco  a  quantity  of  Goods,  proper  for  the  Use  of  the 
Indians  trading  there  to  the  Value  of  two  hundred  pounds. 

The  said  Bean  to  be  subject  to  such  regulations  as  the 
other  Truck  masters  in  the  Provinces  to  be  accountable  to 
this  Court  of  the  disposition  of  said  Goods  &c 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  J  Dwight  Spkr 

In  Council  Decr  20.  1749 

Read  &  Concur'd  Sam1  Holbrook  Dep.  Sec. 

Consented  to         S  Phips 


Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Representves 

I  have  received  a  Letter  by  Cpt  Saunders  from  a  Number 
of  Indians  at  S*  Georges,  in  which,  among  other  things,  they 
desire  an  Armourer  may  be  kept  there,  to  mend  their  Guns 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  31 

when  out  of  Order;  They  moved  the  same  thing  at  the 
Treaty,  and  the  Commissioners  gave  them  Incouragem*  that 
they  should  be  gratified  therein :  I  desire  you  to  take  this 
matter  into  Consideration ;  and  if  you  think  such  an  officer 
necessary  at  the  Truckhouses,  make  an  Establishment 

Council  Chamber  Decemr  9  1749  S  Phips 

In  the  House  of  Repives  Decr  22.  1749 

Ordered  that  an  Armourer  be  Stationed    at   Sl    Georges 
Truck  House  and  that  an  Establishment  be  made  accordingly. 
Sent  up  for  concurrence  J  D wight  Spkr 

In  Council  Decr  22  1749     Read  and  Concurrd 

Sam1  Holbrook  Dep  Sec 
Consented  to         S  Phips 

Att  a  Legal  Parish  meeting  held  in  the  Lower  Parish  of 
the  Town  of  Kittery  December  11th  1749  — 
Voted     That  Richd  Cutt  Esqr  be  a  Moderator 
Voted     That  the  whole  Soil  of  the  lower  Parish  aforesaid  be 
Divided  Into  two  Seperate  Parishes  in  Equall  halves  for 
Quantity  And  Quallity  by  A  Committee  to  be  Chosen  in 
some  of  the  Neighbouring  Towns  for   the    same   in    the 
County  of  York. 
Voted     That  the  Reverd  Mr  John  Newmarch  be  Supported 
by  the  whole  Parish  aforesaid  as  to  Maintain ance  Notwith- 
standing a  Division  of  said  Parish  — 
Voted     That  there  be  Five  men  Chosen  for  a  Committee  to 

Divide  the  afore  said  Parish  — 
Voted     That  Mr  Sam1  Clark  of   York    Humph*    Chadburn 
Esqr  of  Berwick  Joseph  Plasted  Esqr  of  York  Mr  Ralph 
Farnom  of  York  and  Collon1  Nathan1  Dunile  of  York  be  a 
Committee  to  Divide  the  Afore  Said  Parish  — 


Voted  That  Mr  Walter  Bryant  be  a  Surveyor  to  wait  on  the 
Committee  aforesaid  to  measure  over  said  Parish  — 

Voted  That  Mr  Joseph  Weeks  and  Mr  Will"1  Dearing  be 
Chainmen  to  Carry  the  Chain  for  the  aforesaid  Surveyor  — 

Voted  That  John  Gunnison  Esqr  Mr  Thorn3  Cutt  Nath1 
Sparhawk  Esq1  Rich11  Cutt  Esqr  Andw  Pepperrell  Esqr 
Cap*  Wm  Wentworth  and  Mr  Thorn8  Hutchin  be  a  Com- 
mittee to  wait  on  ye  Committee  aforesaid 

Voted  That  Richd  Cutt  Esqr  goes  to  the  Generall  Court  to 
Get  a  Confirmation  of  what  the  aforesaid  Committee  Does 
as  to  the  Dividing  the  aforesaid  Parish  — 

A  true  Copy  of  Record 

Atter     Elihu  Gunnison  Jr  Parh  Cler : 

Letter  Eph.   Williams  jur  to  Brigr  Gen.  Waldo  Dec.  12,  17^9 


I  am  in  hopes  these  lines  will  find  you  in  helth  &  high 
Spirit,  and  Upon  More  Equal  Ground  with  your  Antagonist 
than  while  in  New  England  —  And  Not  plagu'd  with  an 
Ignorant  Stupid  parcell  of  plow  Jogers  to  Liquidate  your 
Regiments  Accounts  — :  May  Heaven  bless  you  And  Suc- 
ceed you  in  all  your  Attempts  for  your  own,  your  Countrys 
or  Rigements  good  —  if  you  Could  imagine  what  pleasure 
the  reading  a  line  of  yours  wou'd  afford  Me,  you  would  Not 
deprive  me  thereof  which  shall  allways  be  Acknowleg'd  with 
the  Utmost  grattitude  and  if  possible  heighten  the  Esteem  I 
have  for  your  Honour  —  who  am  Unworthy  Sir  to  Subscribe 
my  self  what  in  truth  I  am 

Your  Oblig'd  most  Obed1  most  Humble  Servt 
Boston  Decemr  12th  1749  Eph  Williams  jur 


Sir  I  must  beg  your  Skill  &  Judment  in  the  Choice  of  3 
Silver  watches  of  the  best  sort  I  am  informed  one  Mr  Hughes 

OF    THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  33 

makes  the  best  in  London  but  this  I  Refer  to  your  Honr  bet- 
ter Judment  I  have  Desired  Mr  Kilbe  to  supply  you  with 
what  they  Cost :     E  :  W 

The  Honble  Brigar  Gene11  Waldo 

[  Superscribed  ] 
To  Brigadr  General  Samuel  Waldo  Esqr 
In  London 
g  favr  of  Col0  Williams         QDC 

Letter  Jn°   Grerrish  to  Sam1    Waldo  Esrf 

Bristol  Decr  15th  1749. 
Hond  Sir, 

I  some  time  since  Wrote  to  You,  by  the  favourable  Con- 
veyance of  my  late  good  Friend  Mr  Vincint  Briscoe,  and 
humbly  begg'd  an  Answer,  but  have  not  received  a  line. 

It  is  with  the  utmost  Diffidence  I  now  make  this  second 
attempt,  to  Address  so  superior  a  Gentleman.  Hope  and 
Fear,  alternately  play  up  and  down,  and  place  me  in  the 
worst  Condition  in  the  World,  which  is,  to  be  in  Doubt. 

As  Sir,  my  Circumstances  and  present  Situation,  must  be 
well  known  at  the  New  Engld  Coffee  House,  in  London,  as  I 
have  not  received  a  Line  from  any  of  my  Countrymen,  which 
is  a  very  Great  Check  upon  other  Gentlemen ;  I  say,  as  this 
is  my  unhappy  Case,  it  is  Matter  of  the  higest  Grief  and  Con- 
cern to  me,  as  well  as,  a  full  Demonstration  That  I  am  a 
poor,  little  insignificant  Thing  of  no  Importance  in  these 
Ends  of  the  Earth. — 

To  be  Dependent,  to  be  really  in  Want,  is  surely  to  be  in 

a  Deplorable  Situation !     But  if  You  Sir,  think  I  am   any 

ways  worthy  of  the  least  kind  of  Notice,  on  Account  of  my 

Families  and  Friends  in  New    England,    It   will   raise    my 



depressed  Spirits,  and  lay  me  under  everlasting  Obligations, 
With  Greate  Deference  and  Esteem  I  am,  Sir,  Your  Most 

Hum :  Servant 

Jn°  Gerrish 
N.  B.     I  presumed  to  Write  to  Good  Sir  William  Pepper- 

rell,  but  am  not  Favour'd  with  an  Answer.  —  I  would  to 

God  I  could  come  to  London  -  I  should  be  much  better  off 

I'm  sure  than  I  now  am.  — 

Dear  Sir,  Deign  to  Favour  me  with  a  Line. 
Sam1  Waldo  Esqr 

Letter  Secty  Willard  to  Gov.  Shirley,  ( in  London  ) 

Dece  19.  1749. 
Sir  On  the  latter  End  of  the  last  Month  six  English  men 
in  cold  Blood  murthered  one  Eastern  Indian  &  dangerously 
wounded  two  more,  Five  of  the  Men  are  taken  &  there  is  a 
Proclamation  for  apprehending  the  other  who  is  supposed  to 
be  the  Ringleader.  I  have  inclosed  the  Proclamation  with 
the  last  Treaty  with  the  Indians. 

Letter  Secry  Willard  to  the  Justices  of  the  Court  of  Sessions, 
Essex  County. 

Boston  Decern1  23,  1749. 

I  am  directed  by  the  Honble  Lieuten*  Govern1  &  the  Coun- 
cil earnestly  to  recommend  it  to  your  Honours  to  give  Special 
Order  for  the  safe  Keeping  in  the  Prison  at  Salem  Obadiah 
Albee  Junr  who  is  apprehended  &  committed  by  His  Honours 
Proclamation,  as  being  strongly  suspected  of  being  princi- 
pally concerned  in  the  Murther  of  an  Eastern  Indian  &  the 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  35 

dangerously  wounding  two  others  &  that  all  means  which 
you  may  apprehend  necessary  be  used  to  prevent  his  Escape. 
Coll.  Berry  by  whom  this  goes  will  be  able  to  speak  more 
fully  to  you  of  this  Matter.     I  am 

Gentlemen  Your  Honors  most  obedient  Humble  Ser 

To  the  Honble  the  Justices  of  the 
Co.  of  Essex  in  their  Gen1  Sessions  of  the  Peace 

Letter,  Thomas  Henderson 

Fort  Lucy  Decr  28th  1749 

I  receiv'd  your  favour  of  the  5th  Curr*  with  pleasure  I 
owne  my  duty  was  to  let  you  know  from  time  to  time  of  the 
Brigad8  affairs  which  there  has  been  nothing  material  since  I 
left  Boston. 

There  are  several  persons  coming  &  is  come  to  settle,  these 
that  is  come  I  have  settled  to  ye  best  advantage  both  to  ye 
Brigad18  advantage  &  the  good  of  the  Settlers,  I  have  recd 
from  Casco  8000  feet  of  refuse  boards  &  what  I  have  sold  of 
them  has  taken  Notes  of  hand  for  them  in  Mr  Waldo's  name 
at  abo*  25 £  g  thous*1,  the  Mills  in  broad  Bay  is  going  &  has 
cut  several  thousand  of  boards,  but  as  I  am  credibly  inform'd 
Cap*  Fairfield  &  Perkins  profer'd  every  settler  Mr  Waldo's 
part  ( taking  their  Notes  for  the  Quantity )  the  price  to  be 
left  to  himself,  As  to  what  y°  Request  abo1  the  Settlem1,  S* 
Georges  and  Madomock  is  most  partly  taken  up,  and  the  Set- 
tlers on  the  place,  So  that  according  to  Mr  Waldo's  last  Let- 
ter &  words  to  me,  the  next  Settlem1  is  to  be  above  Sl  Georges 
Falls,  where  is  a  Navigable  river  to  ye  Falls  &  a  fine  Country 
fitt  for  Farming  on  each  side  of  a  fresh  Water  river  thirty 
miles  into  the  Country  /  the  plan  of  which  I  believe  you 
have  /  So  that  if  you  incourage  any  number  of  People,  that 
must  be  the  place,  a  fine  Country  with  Meadows  great  Store 


&  att  ye  Falls  Mr  Waldo  designs  to  build  Iron  works  with  a 
Saw  Mill  &ca. 

"Where  those  that  settles  above  the  Falls  may  have  ye  ben- 
efit of  disposing  of  their  Lumber  both  Wood  &  pine  timber, 
of  which  there  is  great  plenty,  Whether  the  Indians  will 
obstruct  that  Settlem1  as  was  ye  case  in  Mr  Belchers  time  we 
know  not  ( but  it's  surely  thought  they  never  wod  before ) 
Had  they  not  been  sett  on  by  111  Instruments  not  of  their 
own  Colour,  You  shall  not  miss  of  having  an  Acco1  of  every 
thing  material  that  comes  to  my  knowledge,  and  by  next 
Spring  hope  to  give  an  Acco*  of  a  fine  Settlem1, 1  am  Sir  with 
my  humble  Respects  to  Madm  Winslow,  Mast1  Frank  &  Miss 


Yor  very  hum11  Serv* 

Thomas  Henderson 

Message.     Janv  9.  1749/50 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Represent™8 

You  will  perceive  by  the  Journal  of  Cap1  Phinehas  Stevens, 
which  I  shall  direct  the  Secretary  to  lay  before  you,  that  some 
of  the  Indians  belonging  to  this  Province,  &  who  had  the 
Misfortune,  during  the  late  War,  to  be  captivated  by  the 
French,  have  been  sold  for  Slaves  at  Montreal. 

As  I  am  inform'd  that  those  Indians  were  Freeman,  I  think 
they  have  a  good  Claim  to  be  treated  as  his  Majesty's  Sub- 
jects ;  &  as  they  were  Inhabitants  of  this  Province  they  may 
expect  your  immediate  Care ;  And  I  desire,  Gentlemen,  you 
would  Consider  what  is  necessary  to  be  done  by  you  in  order 
to  obtain  their  Release 

Council  Chamber  Jany  9.  1749  S  Phips 

In  the  House  of  Repvea  Jan*  9.  1749 

Read  and  Ordered  that  Mr  Speaker  Col°  Appleton  and 
Col0  Otis  with  such  as  the  Honble  Board  shall  appoint  be  a 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  37 

Commee  to  take  the  within  written  Messa  under  Considera- 
tion and  Report  what  theyJudge  proper  for  this  to  do  thereon 
Sent  up  for  concurrence 

Attr  Roland  Cotton  Cler  Dom  Rep 
In  Council  Jan?  10  1749 

Read  and    Concurr'd   and  Tho6  Berry  and  Benja  Lynde 
Esq™  are  join'd  in  the  affair 

Sam1  Holbrook  Dep.  Sec. 

Letter  Lawrence  Barrow  to  Major  Gen.  Waldo 

Bilbao  Jan?  11th  N.  S.  1749/50 

Having  done  myself  the  Honour  of  congratulating  you  par- 
ticularly on  the  great  Share  you  had  in  the  glorious  Reduc- 
tion of  Cape  Breton,  which  was  attended  with  such  happy 
Consequences  to  Great  Britain  in  particular  as  well  as  Europe 
in  general ;  and  redounded  so  much  to  the  Honour  &  just 
Praise  of  New  England,  that  all  those  who  were  concern'd  in 
that  noble  Expedition,  where  Unanimity,  Prudence  &  Forti- 
tude was  so  apparently  visible,  will  be  remembered  by  Pos- 
terity with  the  greatest  Esteem  &  regard  for  those  indefatig- 
able Endeavours  they  there  exerted  in  the  Service  of  their 
Country,  among  whom  you  stand  so  worthily  Distinguished. 

I  now  beg  leave  to  congratulate  you  on  your  Arrival  in 
London,  where  I  have  desir'd  my  Brother  Maurice  Barrow  to 
wait  on  you  in  my  Name,  and  if  you  are  still  concern'd  in 
Business,  shall  greatly  esteem  your  Commands  in  the  Fish 
Trade;  or  your  Influence  in  the  same  will  be  gratefully 
acknowledg'd  by  myself  &  Mr  Wood  who  is  come  over  here 
to  settle  with  me ;    and  the  Remittances  or  Returns  for  all 


Cargo's  either  you  or  your  Friends  may  please  to  favour  us 
with  shall  be  punctually  comply'd  with  according  to  Orders 
I  am  always  Sr  Yr  mos  Obliged  &  Most  Obedient 

hum1  Serv*  Law  :  Barrow 

Major  General  Samuel  Waldo 

Letter  James  Allen  to  Hon.  Sam1    Waldo 

Boston  Janr*  23d  1749/50 

I  hope  this  will  congratulate  you,  on  your  safe  Arrival  in 
London,  as  also  to  your  Success  against  Slr  Plume. 

Since  you  left  us,  we  have  found  the  Affairs  of  the  Land 
Bank  Directors  turn  out  more  in  their  disfavour,  than  when 
you  were  with  us,  on  the  Examination  of  that  dark  Scene, 
for  the  perticulars  of  which,  as  also  all  our  public  Affairs,  I 
shall  beg  leave  to  refer  to  the  Bearer  my  Brother,  Whom  I 
must  warmly  recommend  to  your  Favour,  and  beg  you  would 
afford  all  the  Assistance  in  your  Power  and  that  you  will  be 
so  kind  as  to  supply  him  ( if  he  should  want  it )  with  One 
Hundred  Pounds  Sterlg  on  my  Account. 

If  the  Breaches  between  you  and  Sir  Plume  remain  open 
(  for  We  are  amus'd  here,  that  an  Accomodation  between  all 
Parties  is  by  the  Friends  on  each  side  strenuously  pusht )  I 
believe  you  may  be  supply'd  with  Matter  sufficient,  to  put  it 
out  of  his  Power  ever  to  repeat  any  ill  treatment.  Wishing 
you  Success  in  your  Solicitations. 

I  am  Sir  Your  most  Humble  Serv* 

James  Allen 
Honble  Sam1  Waldo  Esqr 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  39 

Letter,  Isaac  Winslozo  to  Sam1    Waldo 

(  Copy  g  Davis  ) 

Boston  Jan'y  26th  1749 
Dear  Sir 

My  last  was  by  a  Snow  Cap*  Spinder  in  which  I  sent  you 
a  Copy  of  the  Case  with  the  Govr  under  care  of  Mr  Stansbury, 
since  which  nothing  material  has  occur'd  in  your  affairs  We 
have  had  a  great  deal  of  Cold  Weather  which  prevents  col- 
lecting any  great  Quantity  of  Boards  at  Casco,  but  as  soon 
as  the  rivers  are  open  Mr  Frank  writes  me  he  expects  to  have 
abo1  100  thous'1  at  the  Wharf  wch  I  shall  send  Vessells  to 
load  them  for  Halifax  if  I  find  the  price  keeps  up  there,  the 
last  Acco1  from  thence  was  3.10/ 

I  have  not  yet  heard  from  Zouberbuhler  in  answer  to  any 
of  mine  &  have  wrote  him  often  He  is  at  Halifax  where  I 
understand  he  carry'd  with  him  a  Cargo  of  goods  in  a  small 
Vessell  which  goods  &  Vessell  are  all  condemn'd  Its  prob- 
able he  intends  you  to  bear  a  part  in  his  loss,  &  as  I  look 
upon  it  your  Effects  in  his  hands  must  be  in  a  dangerous 
scituation,  I  have  sent  a  power  to  Mr  Aaron  Porter  a  person 
of  good  Character  &  Nephew  to  the  Worthy  Judge  Sewall 
wth  directions  to  take  care  of  &  secure  your  Effects  in  the 
best  manner  in  case  he  finds  any  danger  from  Zouberbuhler's 
bad  management  I  hope  the  settlement  at  Georges  will  go 
on  well  next  year  not  only  from  what  may  be  done  towards 
the  Importation  of  Inhabitants  by  private  persons  but  from 
the  Incouragement  the  Gen11  Court  seems  to  give.  A  Comit- 
tee  from  both  Houses  have  reported  a  bounty  of  5  Dollars  a 
head  on  all  servants  brought  into  the  Government,  &  the 
giving  away  two  townships  at  the  Eastward  &  two  at  ye 
Westward,  The  sending  the  Province  Ship  to  Holland  or 
Ireland  is  talk'd  of  &  I'm  fully  of  ye  opinion  something  will 
be  done  by  the  province  towards  the  introducing  a  Number 


of  Inhabitants  Industry,  Frugality  &  the  Improvem*  of  our 
Lands  are  universally  talk'd  of  &  agreed  to  be  the  only  means 
of  keeping  a  Silver  Currcy  among  us  A  Number  of  Gentlem 
in  Trade  &  others  have  form'd  themselves  into  a  society  & 
subscribed  a  sum  of  money  to  promote  these  good  Ends  )  of 
wch  I've  the  honour  to  be  a  member.  From  the  whole  it 
appears  to  me  something  considerable  will  be  done  in  the 
Importation  of  Settlers  as  its  the  first  thing  necessary  for  the 
publick  Good  &  I  hope  it  will  not  be  esteem'd  the  Less  so, 
by  Those  in  powr  because  it  may  be  of  service  to  your  settle- 
ments. The  Gen11  Court  have  at  last  past  an  Act  to  explain 
&  confirm  ye  Act  pass'd  last  sessions  respecting  our  Currcy  & 
the  silver  comes  out  of  the  Treasury  at  ye  31st  March  — 

Mr  Bollan  is  chosen  Agent  for  ye  province  &  goes  home  in 
the  next  ship.  The  Settlement  of  the  Boundaries  of  ye  Land 
between  the  French  &  us  &  to  prevent  ye  encroachments  on 
the  Land  of  this  province,  is  the  principal  reason  given  for 
his  going  so  soon  &  it's  allow'd  here  y*  he  is  well  acquainted 
with  the  affair  having  taken  a  great  deal  of  pains  when  in 
England  &  since  he  has  been  here  to  get  a  thorough  knowl- 
edge of  it  I  understand  the  French  claim  as  far  as  Kenebeck 
river.  Notwithstanding  Mr  Bollans  relation  to  a  certain 
Gent™  I  am  perswaded  that  he  will  not  be  inclin'd  to  any 
opposition  to  your  Interest  for  the  sake  of  pleasing  him. 
Some  Gentm  have  in  his  private  company  introduc'd  some 
talk  of  the  depending  dispute  between  ye  Govr  &  you  &  he 
has  prudently  declin'd  saying  anything  abo*  it  only  that  he 
knew  nothing  of  the  affair.  This  has  been  attempted  at  dif- 
ferent times  by  some  ffrds  of  his  &  yours  I  think  he  is  a 
Gentm  of  Strict  honour  &  I  hope  it  will  not  be  displeasing  to 
you,  That  I  wish  there  may  be  a  good  understand8  between 
you  I  shall  write  you  again  shortly  by  ye  Bethel  Cap*  Ross 
&  shall  only  add  that  Mrs  Winslow  ye  Baby    &  my  sister 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAOTE  41 

Hannah  are  very  well  &  present  their  duty  &  Love  to  you  & 
their  Brothers  wch  be  pleas'd  to  accept  from 
Dr  Sir  &c  &c 

Boston  3d  Feb1?  1749 
Dear  Sir 

The  preceeding  is  Copy  of  what  1  wrote  by  a  Vessell  bound 
to  Holland  wch  was  expected  would  touch  at  Dover,  Since 
that  the  Gen1  Court  have  rise,  They  have  not  given  any 
bounty  on  the  Importation  of  Forreigners  thou  they  have 
given  away  two  Townships  one  at  the  Westward,  the  other 
at  the  Eastward,  bordering  on  Kittery  &  Berwick,  The  two 
Townships  are  said  to  contain  23  thousd  acres  &  are  to  be 
divided  to  120  Familys. 

This  Grant  was  made  in  consequence  of  a  Letter  from  one 
Crellins  a  German  in  Philadelphia,  who  taking  notice 
of  the  Lieu1  Govrs  Speach  recomending  the  Incouraging  For- 
reigners to  come  among  us  wrote  him  a  Lr  offering  his  ser- 
vices to  introduce  a  number  of  Familys  from  Germany  The 
Genr  Court  have  voted  him  250  acres  in  each  Town  for  his 
Encouragement  It's  suppos'd  that  this  Mr  Crellins  will  go 
over  to  Germany  on  this  business  &  that  he  will  be  able  to 
procure  a  good  number  of  people  to  come  over  here  as  he  has 
been  employ'd  many  years  at  Phila.  in  this  Way  of  business 
&  is  said  to  understand  it  well.  Please  observe  That  this 
Grant  of  the  Court  is  not  confm'd  to  any  persons  y*  may  be 
introduc'd  by  Crellins  nor  is  he  to  be  under  Engagement  to 
place  them  there  as  I  apprehend ;  I  intend  therefore  to  write 
him  what  Encouragement  I  suppose  you  will  give  to  any 
Settlers  he  may  introduce  at  Sl  Georges  Its  probable  he 
will  be  here  in  the  Spring  &  that  I  may  by  that  time  know 
Yor  resolutions  wth  regard  to  ye  increasing  the  Number  of 
Germans  having  wrote  you  some  time  since  on  that  head.  In 
the  mean  time  I  shall  not  neglect  any  opportunity  of  doing 


every  Thing  in  my  power  to  promote  yor  Settlements  I  hope 
y4  before  next  sumer  is  out,  Affairs  at  ye  Eastward  will  put 
on  a  different  Face,  from  the  number  of  Vessells  gone  & 
going  for  passengers  &  from  what  I  suppose  you  will  procure 
sent  over.  My  Brothr  Josha  T.  Gunter  &  Sm  Wentworth 
have  obtaind  the  Loan  of  the  province  Ship  &  She  is  now  fit- 
ting for  Ireland  but  its  doubtfull  whether  she  will  be  in  sea- 
son for  next  Sumer  I'm  not  certain  whether  you  have  so 
good  an  Opinion  of  Germans,  as  }rou  have  of  Irish  settlers 
but  is  there  not  a  greater  probability  of  extending  yor  Settle- 
ments by  introducing  Germans,  since  They  are  more  numer- 
ous &  as  You  have  begun  a  Settlem1  with  Them  I  shod  think 
it  probable  any  of  yr  Countrymen  that  come  this  Way  wod 
incline  to  be  with  Them :  I  understand  that  Pensylvania 
Government  is  quite  fill'd  wth  Germans. 

I  have  not  yet  receiv'd  anj^  thing  considerable  of  ye  out- 
standg  Debts  or  bonds,  nor  has  Frank  of  those  due  at  the 
Eastward.  Scarcity  of  mony  is  the  general  Complaint  but 
when  the  Dollars  are  at  Liberty  I  hope  it  will  be  better  times 
on  this  As  well  as  on  other  Accounts.  We  are  impatiently 
waiting  to  hear  of  yor  Arrival  &  hope  it  will  not  be  long  first. 

I've  only  to  add  the  duty  full  Regards  of  the  Ladys  under 
my  roof  &  y*  I  am  wth  like  regard  Dear  Sir 

Your  most  affectionate  &  very  humb.  Serv* 

Isaac  Winslow. 
P  S.  Inclose  you  one  of  Claphams  the  other  he  sent  you 
from  Halifax.  I  also  inclose  Copy  of  a  Lr  from  Mr  Crellins 
to  the  Lieu1  Govr.  What  was  acted  upon  it  you'l  see  by  the 
votes  of  the  House  wcU  I  sent  for  to  the  printers  but  he  tells 
me  Mr  Allen  has  them  for  you. 

I  forgot  to  write  You  y*  some  Gen*  this  Sessions  made 
some  Attempts  to  bring  forward  an  Act  for  ascertaining  the 
Titles  of  Eastern  Lands,  by  a  Court  to  be  erected  for  this 
purpose  —  I  think  it  must  be  a  good  thing  in  General  as  the 
Disputableness  of  some  Titles  has  probably  been  a  hindrance 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  43 

to  the  Settlem1  of  the  Whole  It's  what  I  understand  has 
been  talk'd  of  for  some  years  I  shall  be  glad  of  yor  opinion 
upon  it. 

Inclos'd  is  Copy  of  a  Lr  from  T.  Henderson  / 

Boston  20°  Febru?  1749 
Dear  Sir 

I  wrote  you  last  week  by  the  Bethel  Cap*  Ross  Since 
which  I  have  the  pleasure  of  your  Letters  by  Cap1  Bowers 

The  Accounts  You  therein  give  of  yor  &  our  Broth"  safe 
Arrival  &  being  in  good  Spirits  the  receptions  You  meet 
with  from  Persons  of  the  greatest  Distinction  as  well  as 
others,  &  the  probability  of  all  Affairs  turning  out  to  yor 
mind  do  afford  us  of  yor  Family  here  as  well  as  yor  other 
Friends  the  highest  Joy  &  Satisfaction  — 

You  have  herewith  Mr  Townsends  accot8  as  I  find  them  in 
yor  Books  The  general  Mem0  I  shall  inspect  &  shall  observe 
what  You  may  have  added  that's  new  in  yor  last;  The 
Weather  still  continues  exceeding  cold  at  times  That  no 
boards  can  be  got  down  from  the  mills.  Frank  has  abo1  40m 
at  Casco  &  as  soon  as  the  Weather  abates  I  think  to  get  a 
Vessell  to  take  Them  in  for  Chebucta.  I  shall  be  glad  to 
hear  you  have  made  a  Contract  for  Lumber  &  Lime.  By 
what  I  can  learn  from  people  who  come  from  Halifax,  They 
will  be  able  at  least  to  lessen  the  Demand  next  sumer  by  yr 
own  mills,  so  y*  if  you  contract  for  such  a  Quantity  as  may 
be  a  two  or  three  years  supply  it  may  be  best.  I  have  agreed 
wth  ]yjr  (]00ke  for  his  share  of  the  Lime  Works  &  Quarrys 
for  wch  am  to  give  him  1500X  O.  Tenr  I  shod  be  glad  to  know 
What  Compass  it  takes  in,  I  mean  the  Land  &  rocks  wch 
were  allotted  for  the  business  of  the  Works  — 

If  I  could  have  a  Lr  to  Govr  Cornwallis  recomending  the 
preference  of  any  Vessell  I  might  send  to  Halifax  to  be 
improv'd  in  the  Governments  service  shod  there  be  a  demand 


for  any,  or  should  there  be  a  Demand  for  rum  or  any  supplys 
in  the  Ordnance  Way  I  shall  be  greatly  oblig'd  for  yor  good 
offices  herein  — 

I  wrote  You  that  the  province  ship  was  lent  to  severall 
Gen*  here  on  a  Voya.  for  Ireland.  The  difficulty  of  procur- 
ing Timber  will  prevent  her  going  till  the  Fall,  So  that  they 
propose  wth  the  Leave  of  the  Gen.  Court  to  have  the  advan- 
tage of  collecting  yr  passengers  ye  Next  Winter  in  Ireland. 
I  have  not  yet  heard  any  Thing  further  from  Mr  Zouber- 
buhler  I  have  very  seldom  any  Lrs  from  Majr  Freeman,  I'm 
apt  to  think  He  dont  well  relish  Mr  Franks  being  at  Casco  & 
It's  probable  He  thinks  an  attention  to  yor  affairs  may  not  be 
requisite.  I  have  wrote  to  know  what  Cattle  he  sold,  but 
have  had  no  Lr  from  him  a  great  while,  but  shall  write  him 
again  to  day. 

As  this  is  an  uncertain  Way  of  conveying  a  Lr  to  You  I 
dont  write  so  fully  as  I  might  otherwise  do.  I  shall  only  add 
that  your  Daughters  wtb  our  little  one  are  all  well : 

We  present  you  our  dutifull  regards  &  esteem  our  selves 
under  the  greatest  Obligations  for  yor  kind  Expressions  of 
Affection  &  esteem  for  Us.     They  intend  to  write  you  g  next 

ship     The  affair  with  Mr  P 11  &  Miss  remains  much  as 

you  left  It  I  have  hitherto  omitted  saying  any  Thing  of  it 
as  I've  been  at  a  Loss  what  to  say ;  &  Miss  Hannah  has  been 
of  Opinion  y*  it  was  best  to  be  silent  on  ye  Affair  at  present. 
Every  post  almost  has  bro*  some  apology  for  his  not  coming 
&  Mr  Sparhawk  still  thinks  favourably  of  him ;  A  short  time 
must  I  think  determine  his  Intentions 

I  am  with  the  sincerest  regard  Dear  Sir 

Yor  most  affectionate  &  very  humb  Servant 

Isaac  Winslow 

PS.  Be  so  good  as  to  present  our  Love  to  the  Cap1  & 
Ralph  &  our  Compliments  to  Sir  William. 

The  honble  Sam11  Waldo  Esqr 

OF   THE    STATE   OF    MAINE  45 

Letter,  Chas  Procter  to  Sam1  Waldo 

Halifax  March  19th  1749/50 
You  have  hear  Duplicate  of  mine  of  the  3d  Decr  last  in 
which  I  inform'd  as  followeth  — 

Halifax  Decern1  6th  1749 

I  hope  you  will  excuse  my  boldness  in  trobling  you  with  a 
line,  &c. 

please  to  Observe  this  in  any  of  your  recommendations  of 
me  —  Yors  &c  &c  &c 

Kittery  Mar :  8  1749 
Dear  Sir/ 

The  above  &  foregoing  I  confirm  as  copy  of  my  last,  since 
Have  Had  the  Inexpressible  pleasure  to  Hear  of  yor  safe 
Arriv1  and  Sr  Willms  at  London.  I  congratulate  y°  on  this 
Kind  Event  of  Providence,  &  upon  the  Hopes  of  your  Suc- 
cess with  Mr  S y,  &  your  being  rewarded  for  yor  pub- 
lick  Services,  wch  is  most  just  &  reasonable,  y*  y°  should  be ; 
One  post  is  just  going  out,  &  I  have  this  minute  advice  yl 
there  is  a  Ship  Bound  to  Engld  from  Rhode  Isld  y*  I  can't 
only  just  Hint  at  a  few  things     Many  are  surprised  y4  Mr 

B — n  should  be  chosen  A 1,  when  two  of  the  principle 

Gen1  of  the  Country  are  at  Home  and  y*  Mr  K y  should 

be    dropped;     Mr  S j   and    His    prime    Minister    T. 

M n,  wee  owe  our  Acknowledging  to  for  this.     Doc1 

Av — y  of  Lond°  was  put  up  at  the  same  time  with  Mr  B 

&  So  was  the  Aforenam'd  Mr  M n.     &  there  was   no 

choice,  But  A.  came  nearer  to  it  much  ( I  Hear)  yn  B.  upon 

w<*  h n    Joyn'd   his  Interests  with  B.  wch  carry 'd  in 

favour  of  B.  by  a  small  majority     I  Hear  the  Country  resents 
this  conduct.  &  intend  an  Alteration  at  the  B d,  that 


is  somewhat  general,  I  am  told  my  Friends  intend  Me  some 

place  this  year  in  the  C 1,  &  shall  be  glad  y*  y°  &  Sr  Wm 

may  be  in  time  to  joyn  your  Friends  in  reEstablishing  Mr 

K y,  &  doing  many  other  Services,  I  am  sure  y°  are 

En0  wanted,  Pray  make  my  Complim*3  to  Mr  K y.     I 

am  quite  impatient  to  Hear  further  from  y°  &  Hope  the  Two 
Bashaws,  will  have  their  Quietus,  wch  I  should  think  y°  &  Sr 

W might   have    force  En0  to  effect.     I  shall  write  y° 

more  at  large  g  s°  Conveyance  from  Boston.  In  the  Interim, 
Assure  your  self  of  my  best  wishes  &  respects  &  y*  I  sin- 
cerely Am  Dr  Sir 

Yr  Affeca  &  most  Ob*  Hum1  S» 

N  Sparhawk 
Pray  make  my  Complim*8  to  Your  Sons  — 

[  Superscribed  ] 
To  the  Honble  Brigadr  General  Waldo  att  London 
Via  Rhode  Isld.— 

Letter  Isaac  Winslotv  to  Hon.  Sam1    Waldo 

Boston  March  19,  1749 
Dear  Sir 

I  wrote  you  lately  by  way  of  Ireland,  &  hearing  of  a  Ves- 
sell  bound  to  Lond0  from  N.  port,  I  take  this  opportunity  of 
forwarding  you  a  Lr  from  Mr  Sparhawk  under  Cover  to 
Chris0  Kilby  Esqr 

The  Weather  is  now  become  moderate,  &  by  what  Mr 
Frank  writes  me,  there  will  be  a  good  Quantity  of  boards 
collected  this  sufner;  but  there's  a  poor  prospect  at  present 
of  a  market  for  them  ;  They  are  sold  here  at  18X  &  expected 
to  be  lower  —  At  Halifax  They  are  but  S£  &  by  I/8  I  have 
from  thence  12°  Cur*  They  are  over  stock'd;  I  have  found 
That  Casco  is  the  best  market  for  Them  &  have  directed 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  47 

PVank  to  make  Sale  of  Them  as  soon  as  possible  I  wish  you 
would  make  an  advantageous  Contract  both  for  Boards  & 
Lime ;  Of  Lime  They  expect  to  make  near  2  thousd  hod8  if 
Theres  a  market  for  it     Its  but  30/  at  Halifax  &  dull 

I  shall  be  glad  of  a  Lr  from  some  person  of  note  to  Gov1 
Cornwallis  recomending  the  taking  off  these  or  any  other 
Articles  \vcU  may  be  in  demand.  My  being  thus  made  known 
to  him  may  be  of  great  advantage. 

I  want  much  also  to  have  yor  sentiments  wth  regard  to  the 
introducing  Germans  from  Pensylvania  and  from  Holland  to 
Sl  Georges 

I  had  this  day  a  Lr  from  Mr  Crellins  whom  I  mentiond  to 
you  in  my  Last,  He  is  coming  wth  a  Design  of  embarking  for 
Holland  on  the  affair  of  bringing  over  fforreigners  He  offers 
me  his  service  &  writes  me  he'll  try  to  divert  this  Way  some 
people  in  the  settlemts  in  Pensylvania  who  talk  of  removing 
to  S°  Carolina ;  If  he  does  I  will  try  to  get  them  to  settle  at 

As  theres  no  great  prospect  of  this  Lr  reaching  the  Vessel], 
I  conclude  with  assurances  of  my  great  regard  &  that  I  am 
Dr  Sr  Yor  most  affectionate  &  very  hum  serv1 

Isaac  Winslow 
P  S.     Mrs  Winslow  &  miss    Hannah    are    well    &    present 
yr  duty  to  you ;    Yoivl  please  to  make  our  Compliments  to 
the  Cap1  to  Ralph  &  Mr  Bethune 

[  Superscribed  ] 
To  The  honWe  Sam11  Waldo  Esqr 
at  London 

Answer  to  Petn  of  Second  Parish  of  Falmouth. 

To  the  Honourable  Spencer  Phipps  Esqr  Lieut  Gov- 
ernour    and    Commander   in    Chief  in   and  over  His 


Maj8  Province  of  the  Mass3,  Bay  in  New  England. 
The  Honble  the  Council  and  the  Honoble  House  of 
Representatives  of  the  Said  Province  in  General 
Court  assembled  at  Boston  on  ye  22d  March  1749/50 
We  the  Subscribers  being  impoured  by  ye  first  Parish  in 
Falmouth  within  the  County  of  York  &  Province  aforesd  — 
To  make  answer  to  a  Petition  of  ye  Second  Parish  within 
said  Town,  exhibited  To  this  Honble  Court  on  the  23d  day  of 
Novr  last,  that  they  might  be  made  a  Seperate  Township,  And 
we  are  of  opinion  that  it  is  a  mannif est  peice  of  Injustice  for 
them  To  indeavour  To  cast  the  heavy  burden  of  maintaining 
the  Great  Bridge  built  over  the  Main  &  fore  River  in  said 
Town  as  it  was  built  for  the  advantage  of  both  Parishes  as 
also  for  the  whole  County  and  repaired  by  both  Parishes  and 
off  which  part  they  groan  under  as  being  Justly  suggested 
Too  much  for  said  Town  to  maintain  wth  the  Sundry  other 
Great  Bridges  necessarily  built  within  Said  Town.  And  tho 
they  have  exceeded  the  bounds  of  the  Township  granted  by 
the  General  Court  To  make  them  appear  large  Enough  for  a 
Township  having  in  their  Petition  by  ye  best  information  we 
can  get  represented  themselves  to  be  almost  Twice  as  large 
in  Extent  then  they  really  are  and  about  as  large  as  the  Whole 
Town  and  have  also  in  their  Petition  unjustly  reflected  on 
this  part  of  the  Town  by  insinuating  that  by  their  being  by 
ye  Water  prevented  attending  the  Town  Meetings  many 
things  are  acted  and  done  to  their  Damage  Whereas  no 
meetings  are  held  here  but  when  they  may  as  easily  attend 
as  any  off  of  ye  Neck  —  and  by  them  always  more  Generally 
attended  than  by  the  Inhabitants  of  the  other  parts  of  ye 
Town,  especially  by  those  at  New  Casco  and  ye  Rest  living  on 
ye  Eastern  Side  of  Presumpscut  River,  for  Whom  it  is  much 
more  difficult  to  attend  those  Publick  Town  Meetings  then 
for  those  in  the  Second  Parish  and  to  obviate  their  Charge 
abo*  a  School  We  herewith  send  a  Copy  of  w*  Sums  of  mony 

OF   THE   STATE    OF    MAINE  49 

the  town  has  voted  for  Support  of  Schools  since  and  in  ye 
year  1737  and  the  first  Parish  are  willing  that  if  the  Second 
be  obliged  to  keep  a  Graramer  School  at  Their  own  Cost 
they  be  freed  intirely  from  paying  any  Tax  Toward  Support- 
ing one  in  the  first  Parish. 

Yet  if  Yor  Hon18  should  judge  it  Proper  To  make  them  a 
Seperate  Township  We  in  behalf  of  the  aforesaid  first  Parish 
Humbly  pray  that  Yor  Hon™  would  oblige  them  to  maintain 
&  Support  their  equal  part  or  proportion  To  the  aforesaid 
Great  Bridge  until  it  is  made  a  County  Charge,  or  that  we  be 
otherwise  releav'd  from  said  heavy  Charge  Thr°  Your 
Wonted  Wisdom  and  Goodness  —  and  beleive  the  first  Parish 
wod  be  as  willing  as  the  Second  of  Their  being  Sett  off  on 
those  conditions  as  many  foreseeing  Men  belonging  to  said 
Second  Parish  have  expresd  their  uneasiness  of  Such  a 
Petition  Wch  if  Granted  would  involve  them  as  they  fear 
into  Great  Difficultys  and  much  increase  their  Charge  as 
wel  as  ours 

As  in  Duty  bound  shall  Ever  Pray 

Cha8  ffrost     Ja8  Fox     Jn°  Waite 

Petition.      Wiscasset. 

To  the  Honbl6  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lue*  Gov1"  &  Com- 
mander in  Chief  the  Honble  his  Majestys  Council  the  House 
of  Representatives  of  ye  Province  of  the  Maschusets  Bay  in 
Generall  Court  Asembled  at  Boston  by  Prorogation  to  the 
twenty  Second  day  of  March  1749. 

The  Humble  Petition  of  us  the  Subscribers  &c  A  Number 
of  Inhabitants  to  the  Number  of  about  Fifty  Famelys  who 
have  been  for  fourteen  or  Fifteen  Years  last  Past  Bringing 
Forward  a  Settlement  at  a  Place  Called  Whiscasick  to  ye 
Eastword  of  Georgetown  Within    the  County  of  York  and 


Whereas  we  finde  by  Sad  Experance  that  we  in  the  sircum- 
stances  that  we  are  in  and  for  want  of  our  being  Erected 
into  a  Township  and  being  Invested  with  ye  Powers  &  Priv- 
alages  that  Other  of  his  Majesty s  Good  Subjects  do  Injoy 
Cannot  Orderly  Prosed  to  ye  Calling  Settling  &  Supporting 
a  Gosple  Minister  Employing  &  Mentaining  a  Schoolmaster 
for  ye  Teaching  our  Children  &  Many  Other  111  Conveyan- 
ces not  Nesasery  to  be  Mentioned  to  Your  Honours  You 
well  Knowing  what  People  meet  with  where  Order  &  Gov- 
erment  is  wanting  This  therefore  waits  on  Your  Honours 
to  Pray  You  to  take  ye  Premises  into  Your  wise  Considera- 
tion &  If  it  may  be  Agreable  to  Your  Pleasures  that  You 
would  be  Pleased  To  Erect  us  into  A  Town  or  Otherways  as 
You  shall  think  fitt  &  Invest  us  with  the  Powers  &  Privi- 
leges as  Other  of  his  Majesty's  Good  Subjects  do  Injoy  in 
the  like  case.  May  it  Please  Your  Honours  Whereas  We 
Setled  Under  a  number  of  Properiators  where  of  Sr  William 
Pepperrill  Baronite  is  one  Known  by  the  name  of  ye  Whis- 
casick  Properiators  &  in  Order  to  Include  their  Claim  within 
ye  said  town  or  Presinct  which  we  Pray  may  be  Called  by  ye 
Name  of  Whitehaven  this  we  would  Humbly  Propose  that 
ye  Bounds  thereof  be  Stated  &  described  After  ye  following 
maner  Vix  Begining  at  a  Place  Known  by  ye  Name  of 
Sheepscutt  Narrows  thence  Runing  Northwest  5  Milds  then 
Runing  three  Milds  &  a  half  South  West  then  Runing  by 
Georgetown  Eastren  line  Untill  it  comes  to  ye  Sea  Then 
begining  at  Sheepscutt  Narrows  aforesd  &  Runing  South 
East  2  Milds  then  South  three  Milds  from  thence  South  West 
Untill  it  comes  to  ye  Sea,  takeing  Jaremy  Squam  or  Long 
Island  with  all  Other  Small  Islands  that  may  fall  within  ye  sd 
bounds  So  may  it  Please  Your  Honours  we  have  taken  leve 
to  Propose  &  Wait  Your  Pleasure  &  as  in  Duty  Bound  Shall 
Ever  Pray  &c 
Jonn  Williamson       James  Nelson  Joseph  Young  Ju 



Robert  Foy 
Elisha  Kenny 
John  Gray 
Thomas  Young 
Henery  Hooman 
Michall  Sevey 
Ambros  Colby 
Abraham  Preble 
John  Rowell 
David  Danford 
Moses  Gray 
William  Hilton 

Isaac  Young 
Ebenezer  Gove 
Jacob  Metcalf 
William  Boyinton 
Obadiah  Allbec 
James  Peirce 

Samll  Trask 
Robert  Huper 
Joseph  Welch 
Richerd  Holbrook 
Aron  Abott 
Robert  Lambert 

Sharabiah  Lambert  Ruglas  Colby 
Timothy  Dunton      Nathanel  Runlet 

Frances  Gray 
Joshua  Silvester 
Joseph  Tayler 
Joseph  Young  Jr 

James  Gray 

John  Baker 

George  Gray 

Jonathan  Howard 
Jonathan  Blackledge  Andrew  Bowman  Caleb  Boyinton 
Benjman  Colby 

In  the  House  of  Repve8  April.  9.  1750 
Read  and  Ordered  that  the  Prayer  of  the  Pet"  be  granted 
and  Col0  Storer  has  leave  to  bring  in  a  Bill  Accordingly 
Attr  Roland  Cotton  Clerk  Dom  Rep. 


To  his  Excellency  Thomas  Pownall  Esqr  Commander 
in  Chief  of  the  Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay, 
The  Honble  his  Majesty's  Council  &  house  Represent- 
atives — 
The  Memorial  of  the  Proprietors  of  the  Kennebeck  Pur- 
chase from  the  late  Colony  of  New  Plymouth 
Humbly  Shews 

Whereas  the  making  strong  Settlements  on  the  Frontiers 
of  any  Country  is  its  principal  strength,  and  best  security. 
That  the  river  Kennebeck  from  its  situation  with  regard  to 
Quebeck  being  nearly  under  the  same  Meridian,  &  the  near- 
ness of  its  head  to  Chaudiere  River,  which  gives  the  English 
an  easy  water  Carriage  to  that  Capital,  has  long  been  the 


object  of  The  attention  of  the  French  Court  which  by  their 
Commissaries  at  Paris  in  the  Year  1750  laid  claim  to  it 

That  on  this  consideration  the  Government  of  The  Massa- 
chusetts built  Fort  Halifax  to  secure  that  River  and  that 
part  of  the  Country  from  the  French,  and  is  still  at  consider- 
able expence  to  maintain  it 

That  this  expence  is  greatly  increased  by  the  Transporta- 
tion of  Provisions  so  great  away  as  from  Boston  to  that  Fort 

Now  your  memorialists  would  beg  leave  to  make  a  pro- 
posal to  your  Excellency  and  Honours  which  if  carried  into 
execution  they  humbly  conceive  will  more  effectually  secure 
that  River  &  Country  from  the  French ;  would  in  a  few 
years  lessen  the  expence  of  the  Government,  in  maintaining 
that  Fort,  and  in  the  mean  time  create  no  additional  charge 
to  the  Government 

The  proposal  is  this  That  Yr  Memorialists  shall  lay  out 
four  Townships  near  Fort  Halifax  for  the  settlement  of  Fifty 
families  in  each,  and  Grant  each  Family  150  acres  of  Land, 
besides  a  home  Lot  of  five  acres,  upon  the  following  Con- 
ditions, Viz.  That  each  family  should  build  an  House  of  at 
least  twenty  feet  square  on  the  house  lot  and  clear  the  said 
home  Lot,  fit  for  plowing  and  mowing  within  3  years;  or 
that  the  fifty  Families  of  each  Township,  should  build  six 
large  houses  in  a  defensible  manner  of  80  feet  in  length,  40 
feet  in  Breadth  and  eight  feet  stud,  four  of  them  at  the  four 
corners  of  the  five  acre  Lots,  and  two  of  them  within  said 
Lots  at  places  to  be  agreed  on  by  a  major  Vote ;  and  to  clear 
the  said  five  acre  Lots  as  aforesaid :  but  the  beginning  of  the 
first  settlement  will  be  attended  with  the  greatest  difficulty : 
therefore  for  the  encouragement  of  the  first  hundred  Families 
that  goes  to  settle  the  two  first  Townships  in  the  manner 

Your  Memorialists  would  further  humbly  propose  that  the 
commanding  officer  at  Fort  Halifax  should  be  authorized  by 
a  Law  of  the  Province  to  inlist  one  hundred  men,  such  as 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  53 

shall  be  recommended  by  your  Memoralists  to  do  the  duty  of 
Fifty  private  men  at  that  Fort  for  three  Years,  or  as  long 
after  that  time  as  the  war  with  ye  French  and  Indians  shall 
continue  in  the  room  of  the  Garrison  now  there,  the  said 
hundred  men  to  do  duty  alternately,  viz  50  of  them  for  one 
week  and  the  other  fifty  for  the  next  succeed8  week,  and  so 
by  turns  during  the  said  term,  the  said  hundd  men  to  have 
from  the  Government  for  three  Years,  the  pay  and  subsist- 
ence of  the  50  privates  now  at  that  Fort. 

That  in  case  of  an  Attack  by  the  French  or  Indians  upon 
Fort  Halifax  that  the  other  50  shall  then  repair  to  said  Fort 
and  do  duty  therein  during  the  attack  and  be  allowed  sub- 
sistence for  that  time  &  that  your  Memorialists  will  oblige 
themselves  to  make  it  a  Condition  of  their  Grant  that  if  the 
settlers  of  said  Township  shoud  on  occasion  being  warn'd  by 
the  commanding  Officer  of  that  Fort,  refuse  or  neglect  to 
repair  to  their  said  duty  they  shall  thereby  forfeit  their 
Lands  so  granted 

If  the  Honble  Court  should  think  proper  to  come  into  this 
proposal  it  is  humbly  apprehended  it  would  be  the  means  of 
the  said  four  Townships  being  soon  well  settled,  and  in  con- 
sequence thereof,  the  whole  of  the  River  for  sixty  miles 
below  being  also  well  settled,  which  would  in  a  more  effect- 
ual manner  secure  that  said  River  and  Country  from  the 
French  and  lessen  the  expence  of  the  maintenance  of  Fort 
Hallifax,  and  in  the  mean  time  create  no  additional  charge  to 
the  Province,  and  besides  these  advantages  it  will  in  a  good 
measure  prevent  the  Indians  in  that  Quarter  from  disturbing 
the  County  of  York,  and  be  a  means  of  bringing  them  off 
from  their  attachment  to  the  French  or  obliging  them  to 
remove  to  Canada  especially  the  penobscotts  whose  usual 
route  to  Canada  is  near  Fort  Hallifax : 

Cha  Apthorp  Thomas  Hancock 

Silv  Gardiner  Willm  Bowdoin 

Benj  Hallowell         James  Pitt 



The  Comittee  appointed  on  His  Hon"  Message  yesterday 
having  considered  the  same,  Report  as  their  Opinion,  That 
His  Honr  be  desired  to  appoint  some  sutable  person  with 
proper  Assistant  to  Repair  (  as  soon  as  may  be  )  to  the  River 
Le  Chock  in  the  Eastern  parts  of  This  Province  to  make 
Discovery  whether  any  French  Settlements  are  lately  begun 
and  carrying  on  there ;  in  such  way  and  maner  as  His  Hon1 
shall  Judge  most  Convenient. 

which  is  Humbly  submitted  p.  order  of  ye  Comte 

John  Hill 
In  Council  April  3.  1751     Read  &  sent  down 
In  the  House  of  Replves  April  3.  1751 

Read  and  Ordered  that  the  Report  be  accepted 
Sent  up  for  concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  April  3.  1751     Read  &  Con  cur 'd 

Sam  Holbrook  Dty  Secry 

In  the  House  of  Repves  April  3.  1750 

On  the  Petns  of  Cap*  Hobbs  and  Cap1  Pierson  Voted  that 
a  Township  C  of  Six  Miles  square  on  the  North  West  Side 
of  the  Line  from  Sebago  Pond  to  the  Head  of  Berwick 
against  Gorham  Town  be  and  hereby  is  granted  to  Cap* 
Humphry  Hobbs  and  Company  and  to  Cap*  Moses  Pierson 
and  Company  and  those  who  have  Signed  his  Petition 
D  Provided  they  take  E  in  Associates  of  the  Cape  Breton 
Men  (so  called)  so  as  to  make  up  the  full  Number  of 
One  hundred  and  twenty.  Conditioned  to  Settle  said  Town- 
ship with  Sixty  Families  within  two  Years  from  this  time. 

And  Sixty  nine  more  within  Seven  Years  from  the  same 
time  with  A  dwelling  Houses,  and  to  bring  to  and  Cultivate 
five  Acres  of  Land  to  each  House  within  three  Years  from 
the  time  of  Settling.     The  said  Settlers  to  make  One  hun- 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  55 

dred  twenty  three  Shares.  One  for  the  first  Minister  One 
for  the  Ministry  and  one  for  the  School.  And  to  settle  a 
Learned  Orthodox  Minister  within  five  Years.  ( B  And  if 
any  Persons  do  not  fulfil  the  Conditions  of  this  Grant  their 
Lands  to  Revert  to  the  Province  ) 

Sent  up  for  concurrence 

Thos  Hubbard  Spkr  pro  Tempore 

In  Council  April  7.  1750 

Read  &  Concur'd  with  the  Amendments  at  A.  &  B. 
Sent  down  for  Concurrence 

Sam  Holbrook  Dty  Secry 

A  dele  &  insert  —  a  Dwelling  House  to  each  Lot 

B  Dele  &  insert 

Provided  always  any  thing  in  this  Vote  to  the  contrary 
notwithstanding  that  the  Fee  of  said  Lands  shall  be  &  remain 
in  the  Province  until  the  Conditions  of  this  Grant  are  ful- 
filled by  the  respective  Settlers  and  whensoever  any  Settler 
shall  make  it  appear  to  the  satisfaction  of  the  Province 
Treasurer  for  the  time  being  that  he  the  sd  Settler  has 
comply 'd  with  the  terms  requird  for  this  Lott  or  Share  a 
Deed  shall  be  given  by  said  Treasurer  ( who  is  hereby 
requir'd  &  impower'd  to  execute  the  same  )  conveying  the 
Right  and  Title  of  the  Province  in  &  to  such  Lot  or  share,  to 
such  Settler  his  Heirs  and  Assigns  for  ever.  And  all  such 
Lots  or  shares  as  shall  not  be  settled  at  the  Expiration  of 
Seven  Years  according  to  the  Terms  of  the  Grant  may  & 
shall  be  sold  by  the  Province  Treasurer  for  the  time  being 
who  is  hereby  impower'd  to  give  a  good  and  sufficient  Deed  of 
same  to  such  purchaser  as  may  then  appear  their  Heirs  & 
Assigns  the  amount  of  such  Sale  to  be  brought  into  the 
Province  Treasury. 

In  the  House  of  Repsve8  April  9.  1750 

Read  and  Nonconcur'd  and  the  following  Vote  pass'd 


Journal  of  the  House  of  Representatives.     Page,  221,  222. 

Luna  9.  Die  Aprilis,  A.  D.  1750. 

Sylvanus  Bourn,  Esq ;  brought  down  the  Vote  on  the 
Petitions  of  Capt.  Hobbs  and  Capt.  Pierson,  respecting  a 
Township.  Pass'd  in  Council,  viz.  In  Council  April  7th 
1750.     Read  and  concur' d  with  the  Amendments. 

Sent  down  for  Concurrence. 

Read  and  nonconcur'd,  and  Ordered,  That  Col.  Choate, 
Mr.  Allen,  and  Capt.  Little,  take  the  Vote  of  the  House 
under  Consideration,  and  report  what  they  judge  proper 
further  to  be  done  thereon. 

Pages  226.     13  April  A.  D.  1750 

The  Committee  appointed  on  the  Petitions  of  Capt.  Moses 
Pierson  and  Capt  Humphry  Hobbs,  prepar'd  a  Vote  as  taken 
into  a  new  Draft,  which  was  accepted  by  the  House,  instead 
of  that  which  pass'd  this  House  the  3d  Currant ;  and  the 
Grant  of  a  Township  was  pass'd  accordingly 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence. 

Page  231.     17  April  A.  D.  1750. 

The  Committee  for  that  Purpose  appointed,  reported 
Amendments  on  the  Grant  of  a  Township  to  Capt.  Pierson 
and  Capt.  Hobbs ;  which  was  read  and  accepted  by  the 
House,  and  the  Grant  made  accordingly. 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence. 

Page  233,  236.     18  April,  A.  D.  1750. 

The  Grant  of  a  Township  to  Capt.  Peirson,  and  Capt. 
Hobbs,  read  again,  and  is  as  follows,  viz. 

Voted.  That  a  Township  of  the  Contents  of  six  Miles 
Square  on  the  northwest  Side  of  the  Line  from  Sabago  Pond 
to  the  Head  of  Berwick  against  Gorham-Town  and  Numb. 
One,  be  and  hereby  is  granted  to  Capt.  Humphry  Hobbs  and 
Company,  and  to  Capt.  Moses  Pierson  and  Company,  and 
those    who   have    signed   his   Petition,  provided    they    take 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  57 

Associates  of  the  Cape  Breton  Soldiers,  so  called,  not 
excluding  the  Representatives  of  such  as  are  dead,  so  as  to 
make  the  whole  Number  of  Grantees  one  Hundred  and 
twenty,  sixty  of  which  to  settle  in  distinct  Families  on  said 
Township  within  three  Years  from  this  Time,  and  sixty  more 
within  seven  Years  of  the  same  Time:  Each  Settler  or 
Grantee  to  give  Bond  to  the  Treasurer  of  this  Province  for 
the  Time  being  within  twelve  Months  of  this  Time  in  the 
sum  of  twenty  Pounds,  Conditioned  that  he  will  ( if  of  the 
first  Settlers)  by  himself  or  some  other  Person,  build  a 
House  on  his  Share  eighteen  Feet  long  sixteen  wide  and 
seven  Feet  Studd,  bring  too  and  fit  for  plowing  or  pasturing 
five  Acres  of  Land  within  three  Years  from  this  Date ;  and 
if  of  the  second  Settlers  to  perform  the  same  Condition 
within  seven  Years  of  same  Time,  and  cause  a  suitable 
Meeting  House  for  the  publick  Worship  of  God  to  be  built 
in  the  Township,  and  a  learned  orthodox  Minister  of  good 
Conversation  to  be  settled  among  them  within  five  years  ; 
the  whole  Township  to  be  in  one  Hundred  and  twenty  three 
equal  Shares,  one  for  the  Ministry,  one  for  the  School,  and 
one  for  the  first  settled  Minister,  the  rest  in  equal  Share3 
among  the  said  Grants :  And  in  Case  any  Proprietor  shall 
fail  of  performing  his  Part  of  the  Condition  to  be  express'd 
in  his  Bond  as  aforesaid,  the  Treasurer  of  the  Province  for 
the  Time  being  shall  and  he  is  hereby  impowered  and 
directed,  in  his  own  Name  for  the  Use  and  Order  of  this 
Government,  to  put  such  Delinquent's  Bond  in  Suit;  and  the 
Share  of  such  delinquent  Proprietor  is  hereby  declared  and 
made  liable  to  an  extent  of  Execution  for  the  Satisfaction  of 
any  Sum  that  may  be  by  said  Treasurer  recovered  on  the 
Settler  aforesaid,  where  other  Estate  is  not  to  be  found,  any 
Conveyance  of  such  delinquent  Proprietor's  Share  to  any 
other  Person  or  Persons  that  may  have  been  made  notwith- 
standing :  The  said  Township  to  be  laid  out  in  as  regular  a 


Form,  and  with  as  little  Prejudice  to  the  other  Province 
Lands  as  may  be ;  a  Plan  thereof  to  be  taken  by  a  skilful 
Surveyor  and  Chairman  on  Oath,  and  returned  to  this  Court 
within  twelve  Months  for  Confirmation :  and  that  Jabez  Fox, 
Ezekiel  Cushing,  and  Enoch  Freeman,  Esqrs ;  be  a  Com- 
mittee to  take  the  said  Bonds,  and  transmit  them  to  the 
Treasurer  of  this  Province,  the  Charge  thereof  to  be  born 
by  the  Petitioners. 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence. 

Vote,  on  petition  of  J.  Molton  £  others. 

In  the  House  of  Representatives  April  17th  1750 

On  the  Petition  of  Jeremiah  Molton  Esqr  and  others 
Offesers  and  Soldiers  Imployd  in  the  Reduction  of  Louis- 
bourg  and  the  desendants  of  such  as  are  desesed 

Voted  That  a  Township  of  the  Contents  of  Six  miles 
Square  Adjoining  to  the  Towship  of  Berwick  and  Philleps 
Town  in  the  County  of  York,  Be  and  hereby  is  Granted  unto 
the  said  Jeremiah  Molton  and  the  Rest  of  the  Petitionors 
and  thair  asociats  to  be  of  the  sd  Louisbourg  Soilders  to  make 
up  the  Number  in  the  whole  one  hundred  and  twenty 
Grantees,  in  Equal  shers  Saving  three  sheres  shall  be  Layd 
out  and  asignd  to  the  following  uses  to  witt  one  for  the 
Ministry  one  for  the  schoole  and  one  for  the  first  minister  that 
shall  settle  in  sa  Township  which  is  to  be  to  his  Heirs  and 
asigns,  Sixty  of  the  Grantees  to  Settele  in  sd  township  in 
distinct  famaleys  within  three  years  from  this  time  and  the 
other  Sixty  within  Seven  years  of  the  same  time. 

Each  Grantee  to  give  bond  to  the  Secretarey  of  this  provnce 
for  the  time  being,  within  twelve  months  of  this  time  in  the 
sum  of  Twenty  pounds  Conditiond  that  he  will  ( if  of  the 
first  Sixty  )  by  him  selfe  or  sum  other  person  Build  a  house 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  59 

on  his  Share  Eighteen  feet  Long  Sixteen  Wide  and  Seven 
feet  Stood  bring  to  and  fitt  for  plowing  pasturing  and  mow- 
ing five  acers  of  Land  within  three  years  from  this  time,  and 
if  of  the  Second  Sixty  to  perform  the  Same  Conditions 
within  Seven  years  of  the  same  time  and  to  Cause  a  Suitable 
meeting  house  for  the  publick  worship  of  God  to  be  bult 
and  a  Learned  orthodox  minister  of  Good  Conversation  to  be 
setteld  in  said  township  within  five  years. 

And  in  Case  aney  Grantee  shall  fail  of  performing  his 
part  of  the  Condition  to  be  Exprest  in  his  bond  aforesd  the 
Secretarey  of  this  provence  for  the  time  being  shall  and  he  is 
hereby  Impowered  and  directed  in  his  own  name  but  to  the 
Use  and  behoof  of  this  provenc  to  put  such  delinquent 
Grantees  bond  in  Sute  And  the  Share  of  such  delinquent 
Grantee  is  hereby  declared  and  made  lyable  to  an  Exteent  of 
Execution  for  the  Sattisfaction  of  any  sum  that  may  be  by  sd 
Secretary  Recoverd  on  the  failuer  aforesd  when  other  Estate 
is  not  to  be  found  aney  Conveyance  of  such  delinquent 
Grantees  share  to  aney  other  parson  that  may  have  then  ben 
made  Notwithstanding. 

The  said  Township  to  be  Layd  out  in  as  Reguler  a  form  and 
with  as  Litle  preduice  to  the  other  provence  Lands  as  may  be 
A  plan  theirof  to  be  taken  by  a  skillfull  Surveyor  and  Chain- 
men  on  oath  and  Returnd  to  this  Court  within  Twelve 
Months  for  Confirmation,  and  that  John  Hill  Esqr  Cap  Batler 
be  a  Committie  to  take  the  s(1  Bonds  and  to  transmitt  them 
to  the  Secretary  thaire  Charge  to  be  Born  by  the  petitionors. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence. 

Letter  Wm  Sherriffto  Secrv  Willard 

Annapolis  Royal  7th  May  1750 
My  Son  in  Law  Ll  John  Hamilton  with  a  party  of  about 
18  or  20  Men  being  as  it  was  ordered  Reconnoitring  at  the 


Grand  Pree  of  Minas,  &  there  surprised  &  taken  by  a  much 
superiour  number  of  Indians  the  27.  of  Nov1  last,  &  since 
that  several  other  unfortunate  English  Subjects,  which  as  I 
presume  you  have  heard,  I  shall  not,  &  indeed  I  cannot  give 
you  any  further  Account  of  them  than  that  they  were  carried 
off  to  Chicanecto,  as  we  have  been  informed : 

And  as  I  &  others  have  upon  application  to  His  Excel- 
lency Govr  Cornwallis  &  obtained  his  liberty  to  act  in  our 
private  Capacities  /  &  to  use  all  possible  means  for  their 
Redemption,  We  have  accordingly  practised  &  done  all  in 
our  power ;  but  as  yet  to  little  or  no  purpose ;  as  they  the 
Savages  insist  upon  having  the  Indian  Girls  first  returned, 
before  they'll  let  them  go,  of  which  Girls,  one  being  taken  by 

Coll0 Gorham  in  this  River     he  has  engaged  to  send 

for  her,  provided  the  Governm1  doth  not  give  her  up  in 
exchange  as  customary  in  such  Cases,  &  the  other  being  a 
Daughter  of  one  Cap*  Sam,  who  deserted  from  Coll0  Gorham, 
&  whom  he  the  Coll0  tells  us  is  allready  return'd,  by  your 
Governm*  to  your  Eastern  Indians, —  but  it  having  been  also 
reported  here  y*  she  was  dead,  which  being  doubtfull,  is  the 
cause  of  my  giving  You  this  trouble)  which  I  hope  you'll 
excuse  upon  such  a  pressing  &  necessary  occasion;  My 
request  thereupon  being  that  in  either  of  these  two  Cases 
you  would  procure  me  a  Certificate  signed  by  Gov1"  Phipps 
yourself,  &  as  many  more  as  you  may  think  proper,  for  I 
presume  you  know  their  Credulity ;  But  if  this  Cap*  Sam's 
Daughter  is  still  alive,  &  not  return'd,  my  humble  request  is, 
that  his  Honor  the  Govr  &  your  Governm4  would  graciously 
condescend  to  give  Her  up  or  to  send  Her  hither,  to  be 
return'd  to  her  Father,  with  that  of  Coll0  Gorhams,  for  the 
purpose  afforsd  which  being  for  the  redemption  of  so  many 
English  Subjects  It's  humbly  hoped  that  a  Christian  compas- 
sion towards  them  our  unfortunate  Bretheren,  will  move  & 
prevail  with  all  those  concerned  with  said  Cap1  Sam's  daugh- 

OF    THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  61 

ter  &  the  other  to  Join  with  &  assist  Us  so  nearly  concerned 
with  these  our  poor  distressed  Prisoners,  to  recover  them 
from  their  cruel  state  of  Bondage,  which  as  we  cannot  other- 
wise Effect,  but  upon  those  Terms  I  earnestly  beg  your  appli- 
cation &  Interest  &  that  you  will  favour  me  with  an  answer 
&  such  necessary  Certificates  as  are  required,  by  the  first 
opportunity  -  all  necessary  expences  shall  be  thankfully  paid 
&  the  favour  most  gratefully  acknowledged  by 

Sir  Your  Most  Obedient  &  most  humble  Servant 

Wm  Sherreff 
[  Superscribed  ] 

To  Josiah  Willard  Esqr  Secty  to  His  Majesty's 
Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay  in  New 
England  Boston 

At  a  Meeting  of  the  freeholders  and  other  Inhabitants  of 
the  Town  of  Wells  Leagaly  warned  on  the  14th  Day  of  May 

Voted  that  the  Inhabitants  Liveing  bet  wen  Kenebunk  and 
Mousom  Rivers  in  Wells  with  the  Lands  and  Estates  of 
Every  kind  Lying  between  sd  Kenebunk  and  Mousom  to  the 
head  of  the  Township  be  and  is  Seet  off  as  a  Destinct  Parrish 
In  order  to  Settle  the  Gosple  amongst  them. 

A  true  Copey  g  Nath1  Wells  Town  Clerk. 

Inhabts  of  Sheepscot  -  Petition. 

To  His  Honnor  Spencer  Phips  Leavetenant  Governor 
and  Comander  in  and  over  his  Majesties  province  of 
the  Massachusetts  Bay  in  neAV  England  And  to  the 
Honorable  hous  of  Representitives  in  Generall  Court 
assembled  Joyntly  or  severally 
The  Petition  of  us  the  inhabitants  of  Sheepscot  on  Sheep- 
scot  river,  humbly  sheweth 


The  Great  Difiquilty  that  we  labour  under  for  want  of 
being  incorporated  into  town  order  which  is  in  a  great  misure 
a  means  very  prejeduciall  to  our  setlement  and  we  having 
Experienced  the  Great  damage  of  not  being  numberous  in 
our  lat  warr  with  the  indian  Enemy  is  the  Caus  to  ster  us  up 
now  to  Give  your  honnors  this  truble  neither  Can  we  Expect 
to  be  setled  before  we  are  put  into  a  Capacity  to  setle  a 
minister  &  have  the  benefeit  of  the  province  laws  to  Rease 
money  to  suport  him  neither  Can  we  under  our  present  sir- 
comstance  oblidge  people  to  yoak  ther  hoggs  or  fetter  there 
horses  that  runs  at  large  upon  the  Comons  make  highways  or 
Bridges  or  regullar  ther  fences  so  as  that  we  may  live  peace- 
ablely  and  Comfortablely  together  these  things  mentioned 
and  severall  others  which  we  labor  under  for  want  of  being 
incorporated  and  put  into  town  order  is  so  discourageing 
that  we  Canot  Expect  to  grow  numberous  for  there  is 
hardly  such  a  thing  Can  be  Expected  that  any  thinking 
people  will  Com  and  setle  with  us  under  our  present  sircom- 
stance  for  we  Canot  oblidge  any  man  to  doe  any  thing  of 
these  above  mentioned  but  what  is  right  in  his  own  Eye  so 
your  honnors  is  soficient  Judges  of  the  defiquiltys  we  labour 
under  for  want  of  being  into  town  order 

We  pray  that  your  Honnors  would  be  pleased  take  our 
Case  into  your  wise  Consideration  and  in  your  great  Wisdom 
inCorperat  us  into  a  town  order  by  Granting  to  us  to  be 
inCorperated  begining  at  the  narows  or  at  Mose  point  that  is 
on  the  sheepscot  river  betwixt  withcaset  Bay  and  Sheepscot 
and  so  upwards  Eight  mills  or  as  far  as  the  tid  flows  up 
Sheepscot  river  with  four  Mills  on  Each  sid  of  river  and  we 
your  petitioners  as  in  duty  bound  shall  Ever  pray 

Dated  at  Sheepscot  May  25th  1750 
William  Clark  James  James  Clark  Jun 

William  Kennedy    Alexr  Nikels  William  Ross 

Robert  Hodge  John  B  James  Kennedy 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  63 

William  Kennedy    James  Clark  sign       James  Black 
Samuel  Burns  Robert  Coheran  Robert  G 

James  Hodge  Timothy  Wood  John  M 

John  Cuningham     Samuel  Kennedy        William  Hopkins 
James  Cuningham  William  McCleland    James  Anderson 
Henry  Little  William  C  David  Hopkins 

Alexander  Nickels  William  Hodg  John  Cuningham  Ju 

Joseph  Anderson     Samuel  Anderson       Samuel  Nickels 
Joseph  Boys  David  Giveen  James  Giveen 

James  Hodge  Henery  Hodge  James  Nikels 

petter  petersons       John  petterson  Willem  Coheran 

John  Mayors  Alexander  Mayors 

The  Comittee  to  whom  was  Reffered  the  petition  of  Alexr 
Nichols  &  others,  Do  Report  as  their  Opinion,  That  the 
Petition  be  so  far  Granted  as  that  the  Lands  hereafter 
Delineated  &  Discribed  with  the  Inhabitants  Dwelling 
thereon  be  Erected  into  a  Distinct  &  Seperate  Township  & 
that  a  Bill  be  brought  in  for  that  Purpose,  Begining  at  the 
North  East  Comer  of  Wichcasset  line  Eight  Miles,  then 
North  East  by  North  Six  Miles,  then  Easterly  on  a  Line 
Parrellell  with  Wichcassett  Head  or  Northerly  line  Eight 
Miles,  and  from  thence  to  the  first  mentioned  Corner 
All  wc  is  Humbly  Submitted  Pr  order  Tho8  Clap 
Accepted  and  the  Commee  are  directed  to  bring  in  a  Bill 

Petition  of  inhabitants  of  Kennebunk. 

Province  of  the 
Massa :  Bay 

To  the  Honourable  Spencer  Phipps  Esqr  Ll  Govern1"  and 
Commander  in  Chief,  the  Honble  His  Majesty's  Council 


and  Honble  House  of   Representatives    in    Gen1    Court 

Assembled  May  the  30.  1750 

The  Petition  of  the  Subscribers  Inhabitants  of  the  Place 

called  Kennebunk  within  the  Township  of  Wells 
Humbly  Sheweth, 

That  your  Petitioners  dwell  at  a  great  Distance  from  the 
Meeting  House  of  the  said  Town  viz.  Some  Nine  and  the 
nearest  between  Six  &  Seven  Miles  therefrom,  on  Kennebunk 
River  the  Easterly  End  of  said  Town,  and  have  paid  their 
Proportion  in  the  Taxes  of  said  Town  to  the  Publick  Minis- 
try, and  have  not  any  other  Objection  thereto  than  the  Dis- 
tance from  the  same,  which  is  so  great  that  our  Women  and 
Children,  must  live  without  the  Ordinances  of  the  Gospel  for 
the  most  Part  of  the  Year  and  the  ablest  of  our  Men,  a  great 
Part  of  ye  Winter  unless  we  Support  a  minister  amongst  our 
selves,  which  we  have  done  almost  Seven  Years  past  in  the 
Winter  Season,  and  also  built  a  Meeting  House,  with  but 
little  Help  from  ye  sd  Town. 

That  this  Plantation  of  Kennebunk  within  the  said  Town 
being  a  New  and  growing  Place,  consisting  of  thirty  two 
Familys,  and  the  Inhabitants  thereof  yearly  increasing,  will 
be  greatly  encouraged,  and  many  others  will  probably  be 
inclined  to  Settle  with  us  if  the  Gospel  Ministry  may  be 
established  there 

That  the  said  Town  of  Wells,  consisting  but  of  one  Parish, 
and  being,  without  the  Aid  of  our  Taxes,  well  able  to  Sup- 
port their  own  Ministry,  have  in  Compassion  to  us  Voted 
that  the  Inhabitants  living  between  Kennebunk  and  Mousam 
Rivers  in  Wells  with  the  Lands  and  Estates  of  every  kind 
lying  between  said  Kennebunk  and  Mousam  to  the  Head  of 
the  Township,  be  and  is  set  off  as  a  distinct  Parish,  in  Order 
to  settle  the  Gospel  amongst  them. 

That  your  Petitioners  hope  by  ye  Blessing  of  God  on  our 
Endeavours  we  shall  be  able  in  some  Measure  to  Support  a 



Minister,  if  we  may  be  discharged  from  the  Taxes  for  ye  Sup- 
port of  the  Ministry  of  the  said  Town. 

Wherefore  your  Petiti0  humbly  pray  that  your  Hon1-  and 
this  HonMe  Court  who  we  doubt  not  are  disposed  to  encour- 
age true  Religion  in  all  Places  will  take  our  Circumstances 
into  your  wise  Consideration  and  relieve  us  by  erecting  us 
into  a  distinct  and  separate  Parish  or  Precinct  by  the  Bounds 
allowed  and  consented  to  according  to  the  Vote  of  said  Town 
which  we  pray  a  Confirmation  of 

And  Your  Petitioners  as  in  Duty  bound  Shall  ever  pray  — 

Benja  Coussens 
Robard  Cusens 
Richard  Thomson 
John  Wackfeld 
Samuel  Shackley 

John  Mitchell 

Thomas  Town 

Jaems  Wacfild 

John  Gillpatrick 

Richard  Kimball 
Nathaniel  Wakfield  Samuel  Littlefeild    John  Gilpatrick 
Joseph  Town  John  Butland  John  Webber 

John  freas  Step  Webber  Joseph  Wormwood 


Jonathan  Webber    Stephen  Titcomb        John  X  Borks 


Samuel  Emons       Bentmion  Wormwood  Jerediah  Wakfield 
Rich'1  Boothby  Nathaniel  Kimball      Thomas  Kimball 

John  Maddock         Thomas  Cusens 

Joseph  Coussens 
Jesse  Town 
Gilbins  Wakfield 
Stephen  Larabe 
Phillip  Brown 

Letter  Ez.  dishing  <f*  others  to  Hon.  Jeremiah  Moulton 

Falmouth  June  1,  1750. 
Honble  Sir, 

We  are  now  to  inform  you  that  we  have  come  to  an  Agree- 
ment to  Settle  our  late  Hond  Father's  Estate  among  our 
Selves,  with  the  Help  of  some  Friends ;  and  as  Soon  as  they 
adjust,  we  Shall  accomplish  and  finish  our  Agreement  in 
Order  that  the  Will  may  be  withdrawn  by  Order ;  Therefore 


we  pray  that  your  Hon1"  wou'd  Still  indulge  us  with  Regard 

to  Said  Settlement  &c.     And  you'll  thereby  Oblige 

Yor  very  hum1  Serv* 

Ez  :  Cushing  Robert  Mitchell 

Dominicus  Jordan    Clement  Jordan 

Jos :  Prout 

To  the  Honble  Jeremiah  Moulton  Esq1  at  York 

Filed  July  1,  1750 

A  true  Copy  Examd 

g  Simon  Frost  Regr 

In  Council  June  6.  1754.  Ordered  that  the  Consideration 
of  this  Pet"  &  Answer  be  refer'd  to  the  second  Wednesday 
of  the  next  Sitting  of  this  Court. 

Sent  down  for  Concurrence         Tho8  Clarke  Dpty  Secry 

In  the  house  of  Reps  June  11,  1754. 

Read  and  Concurred  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  Novemr  14.  1754  Ordered  that  the  Consider- 
ation of  this  Petn  and  Answer  be  further  refer'd  to  the  second 
Wednesday  of  the  next  Sitting  of  this  Court. 

Sent  down  for  Concurrence         Tho8  Clarke  Dpty  Secry 

In  the  House  of  Rep8  Novr  15.  1754 

Read  &  Concurred  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

Mem0  Whereas  we  the  subscribers  Heirs  and  Children  of 
Dominicus  Jordan  late  of  Falm°  Gentle"  Decd  viz1  Dominicus 
Jordan,  Nathaniel  Jordan  &  Clem4  Jordan  and  Ezekiel  Cush- 
ing &  Mary  his  Wife,  Rob*  Mitchel  &  Miriam  his  Wife  and 
Joseph  Prout  &  Hannah  his  wife  have  this  day  mutually 
agreed  to  make  a  final  Settlement  and  Divition  of  the  Real 
Estate  belonging  to  said  Estate  in  Manner  following  viz1, 
Dominicus  to  have  all  the  land,  Marsh  &  Meadow  as 
bequeath'd  to  him  in  the  last  Will  &  Testam*  of  his  late 
Decd  Father  —  Nathaniel  to  have  what  bequeath'd  to  him, 
and  Clem*  what  bequeath'd  him,  Cushing  what  bequeath'd 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MArNE  67 

him,  Mitchel  what  bequeath'd  him  and  Prout  what  bequeath'd 
him  — 

Dominicus  Nath11  &  Clemt  to  pay  unto  Cushing  in  land  or 
money  what  that  one  hundred  &  fifty  acres  of  land  &  build- 
ing except  ye  barn  bequeathd  to  Prout  should  would  now  be 
priz'd  &  valued  more  yn  what  y*  is  valued  wch  is  bequeath'd 
to  Cushing  and  they  three  also  to  pay  Mitchel  in  land  or 
money  w*  sd  one  hundred  and  fifty  acres  &  buildings  shall  be 
valued  except  ye  barn  more  yn  w1  is  bequeathd  to  Mitchel/ 
Prout  to  take  possession  and  injoy  ye  improvem1  of  said  one 
hundred  and  fifty  acres/  Cushing,  Mitchel  &  Prout  are 
joyntly  &  Severally  to  bind  themselves  to  pay  unto  Mrs 
Joanna  Jordan  ye  full  value  of  w*  ye  income  of  said  one  hun- 
dred and  fifty  acres  &  buildings,  except  ye  barn  w<h  Prout 
alone  is  to  pay  to  their  mother)  unto  their  Mother  for  and 
during  her  natural  Life,  from  Year  to  Year  as  shall  be  Sett 
and  apprized  by  Mess"  Cxtopher  Stout  &  Jabez  Fox  Esq" 
&  Mr  Rob1  Thorndick,  who  are  also  to  apprize  ye  value  of 
said  one  hundred  &  fifty  acres  land  &  house,  also  wl  bequeath'd 
in  ye  Will  to  Cushing  &  Mitchel/  and  it  is  further  agreed 
that  upon  such  apprizem1  &  settlem1  each  shall  have  a  quit 
claim  from  ye  others  of  ye  Several  Tracts  respectively  belong- 
ing to  them  and  ye  will  &  Codicil  then  if  possible  to  be  taken 
up  and  destroy'd  so  that  said  Estate  Shall  be  settled  as  above 
mentioned  and  no  otherwise  save  that  all  the  undivided  land 
yl  is  not  above  mentioned  as  w*  belongs  to  us  as  Heirs  of  our 
Great  Grandfather  Rob1  Jordan  decrt  and  what  also  derives 
unto  us  by  our  Fathers  purchase  of  ye  Heirs  of  John,  Samuel 
and  Robert  Jordan,  Sons  of  our  said  late  Grand  Father  )  wch 
we  now  agree  Shall  be  divided  into  Seven  parts,  Dominicus 
to  have  two  parts,  Na  one,  Clem1  one,  Cushing  one,  Mitchel 
one  &  Prout  one  part  —  to  all  above  written  we  hereby  bind 
and  oblige  our  Selves  our  Heirs  &c  to  each  other  that  we  wil 
Stand  by,  fulfil  and   accomplish   all   above    and   agreed   to 


respectively  in  ye  penal  sum  of  one  thousand  pounds  lawful 
money  to  be  paid  by  him  y*  Neglects  to  performe  &  fulfil  his 
or  their  part  to  them  that  shall  be  agreed  &  suffer  thereby  & 
perform  their  part. 

Witness  our  hands  &  Seals  this  1st  June  1750 
Mem0  it  is  further  agreed  y*  Dominicus,  Nath1  and  Clem1 
are  to  pay  Cushing  and  Mitchel  according  to  w*  their  respect- 
ive proportions  of  &  to  ye  Estate  amonts  to. 

Copy  — 
"  For  Coln  Ezekiel  Cushing  Esqr  Falmouth  " 


In  the  House  of  Repves  June  2  1750 
Read  and  Ordered  that  the  Pet"  with  their  Families  and 
Estates  together  with  all  the  Lands  lying  between  Kenebunk 
and  Mousam  Rivers  in  Wells  to  the  Head  of  the  Township 
of  Wells  as  described  in  the  Vote  of  the  Inhabitants  of  the 
Town  of  Wells  be  and  hereby  are  Sett  off  a  Distinct  and 
Seperate  Precinct.  And  that  the  Inhabitants  of  said  Pre- 
cinct be  invested  with  the  same  Powers  and  Priviledges  that 
Parishes  are  by  Law  invested  with,  or  ought  to  Enjoy. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  June  14,  1750 

Read  and  Concurr'd,  J  Willard  Secry 

Consented  to  S  Phips 

In  the  House  of  Repves  June  8.  1750 
Voted  that  the  first  or  Lower  Parish  in  Kittery  within  the 
County  of  York  Be  &  Hereby  is  Divided  &  Erected  into  two 
Distinct  &  Seperate  Parishes,  and  that  the  Dividing    Line 

OF   THE   STATE   OP   MAINE  69 

Between  them  be  as  follows  viz  Begining  at  a  Large  Smooth 
Rock  Lying  in  the  Middle  or  Bottom  of  the  Road  from  York 
to  Portsmouth  Ferry  at  High  Water  Mark  By  sd  Ferry  at  the 
Westward  Corner  of  sd  Rock  near  sd  Ferry  House  &  from 
thence  to  Run  North  fifty  four  Degrees  East  to  York  Bounds 
and  that  all  the  Lands  &  Inhabitants  Dwelling  thereon,  Lying 
above  or  Northward  of  sd  Line  be  the  Middle  or  third  Parish 
in  sd  Town  of  Kittery  and  Be  Invested  with  all  the  Powers, 
Priveledges  &  Immunities  that  the  Inhabitants  of  any  of  the 
Parishes  within  this  Province  by  Law  are  or  ought  to  be 
Invested  with  -  And  that  all  the  Lands  &  Inhabitants  Dwell- 
ing thereon,  together  with  all  the  Islands  Lying  Below  or 
Southward  of  sd  Line  Be  the  first  or  Lower  Parish  in  sd  Town 
of  Kittery  and  Be  Invested  with  all  the  Powers,  Priveledges 
&  Immunities  that  the  Inhabitants  of  any  of  the  Parishes 
within  this  Province  by  Law  are  or  Ought  to  be  Invested 
with  -  On  Condition  that  the  Revd  John  Mr  Newmarch  their 
Present  Pastor  Be  Supported  &  Maintained  between  them 
In  proportion  to  their  poles  &  estates  Notwithstanding  their 
Being  Divided  into  Distinct  &  Seperate  Parishes  as  Above 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council,  June  8th  1750     Read  and  Concurr'd 

Sam1  Holbrook  D*  Secy 
Consented  to  S.  Phips 

Message.  «  June  28, 1750.  " 

Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Representatives. 

You  have  made  an  Establishment  for  Officers  and  Soul- 
diers  in  the  Frontiers  /  &  you  are  under  an  Agreement  with 
the  Indians  to  supply  them  with  Necessaries  in  a  way  of 
Trade,  but  you  have  not  made  an  Establishment  as  usual  for 


a  Sloop  to  be  employ'd  in  the  Service  of  the  Province,  for 
transporting  the  Stores  for  the  Soldiers  &  the  necessary 
Articles  for  carrying  on  the  Trade.  By  the  best  Information 
I  can  get,  you  will  really  be  at  less  Expence  by  employing  a 
Sloop  in  the  manner  you  have  usually  done,  than  you  will  be 
in  sending  your  Stores  &ca  on  freight  from  time  to  time,  But 
if  the  Expence  were  something  more,  the  Security  against 
Embezzlement  &  other  Damages,  will  countervail  it,  but 
what  appears  to  me  to  be  more  material  is  this,  I  am  well 
assurrd,  it  is  a  thing  very  pleasing  to  the  Indians,  to  have  a 
Sloop  employ'd  in  the  manner  the  Sloop  Massachusetts  has 
been,  &  that  this  Intercourse  between  us  &  them,  has  a 
Tendency  to  cement  &  strengthen  the  Friendship  between  us 
and  therefore  I  recommend  it  to  you  to  make  an  Establish- 
ment for  such  a  Sloop  as  usual. 

S  Phips 
Council  Chamber  June  28.  1750 

Letter,  Wm  SJdrreff  to  Josiah  Willard  Esqr 

Annapolis  Royal  4th  July  1750 

I  had  the  pleasure  the  2d  Instant  to  receive  Yours  of  the 
6th  of  May  last  with  ye  long  wish'd  for  Certificates  therein 
Inclosd,  for  wch  I  know  not  how  to  Express  for  want  of 
Words  my  Gratitude  either  to  Gov1  Phipps  or  Yourself  for 
so  Remarkable  a  favour,  than  by  thus  Acknowledging  the 
Receipt  thereof  and  returning  my  hearty  thanks  in  behalf  of 
my  Self  and  Others  therein  Concerned  for  the  Receipt  of  the 

I  have  not  yet  had  any  Opportunity  to  prove  the  Effect 
and  I  heartily  wish  the  Gentlemen  of  the  Council  and  those 
who    have    given    the    Certificates   had    been    a  little  more 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  71 

Explicit  or  at  least  as  much  with  respect  to  that  Girle  taken 
here  by  a  party  of  Col0  Gorhams  men,  as  they  are  to  that  of 
Cap1  Sams  Daughter,  the  first  being  principally  insisted  on 
and  as  for  want  of  such  an  Explanation  we  cannot  possitively 
affirm  that  She  is  one  of  the  Three  return'd  to  Your  Eastern 
Tribes,  which  as  it  may  perhaps  Cause  a  further  delay,  I 
shall  Esteem  it  an  Additional  favour  to  be  inform'd  whether 
she  is  one  of  those  three  thus  return'd,  or  whether  she  is  sent 
to  Hallifax ;  as  Govr  Cornwallis  and  Cap1  Gorham  has  signi- 
fied to  me  that  she  should  be  sent  for,  and  as  the  Speedy 
Redemption  of  Mr  Hamilton  and  his  fellow  Sufferers  do  so 
much  depend  thereupon,  I  hope  You'l  so  far  in  friendship 
Sympathy  &  Compassion  further  assist  me  being  with  great 

Sir  Your  most  Obligd  humble  Servant 

Wm  Shirreff 
P:  S 

Pray  my  Compliments  as  Opportunity  may  Offer  to  the 
Gov1  and  Gentlemen  of  the  Council  for  their  friendly  and 
Humane  Resolution. 

Josiah  Willard  Esqr 

Letter,  Secy  Willard  to  Capt.  Thos  Saunders 

Boston  July  7,  1750. 

You  are  hereby  directed  as  soon  as  the  Commissary  Gen- 
eral has  dispatched  you  to  proceed  with  the  first  fair  Wind 
in  the  Sloop  Massachusets  under  yre  Command  ( taking  Cpt 
William  Lithgow  with  you )  to  Richmond  Fort,  &  after  land- 
ing Cpt  Lithgow  there  go  on  to  the  Fort  at  Sl  Georges  River, 
&  upon  your  Arrival  deliver  my  Letter  to  Cpt  Jabez  Brad- 


bury,  &  wait  there  till  he  shall  put  on  board  your  Sloop  any 
of  the  Chiefs  of  the  Penobscot  Indians  to  bring  them  to  Bos- 
ton, &  upon  their  Imbarking  ( or  upon  Cpt  Bradbury  inform- 
ing you  that  there  is  none  likely  to  come  this  Tribe )  return 
back  to  Richmond  Fort  &  there  take  on  board  any  Indians 
that  Cpt.  Lithgow  may  put  on  board  your  Sloop  &  bring 
them  all  to  Boston  or  if  Cpt.  Lithgow  shall  inform  you  that 
there  is  none  likely  to  come  at  this  time,  you  must  Return  to 
Boston  without  them 

By  Order  of  the  Honble  the  V  Govr 
Cpt  Tho3  Saunders 

Boston  July  26, 1750. 

I  have  recd  your  Letter  of  the  4th  Instant  which  I  have 
laid  before  the  Lieuten*  Govern1,  &  Council,  who  upon  fur- 
ther Inquiry  about  the  Lidian  Girl  you  mention  have  found 
that  she  is  now  in  Boston  with  Mrs  Gorham,  &  the  Council 
have  thereupon  advised  the  Lieuten*  Govern1"  to  send  her  to 
Govern1  Cornwallis  which  they  apprehend  most  agreeable  to 
his  Majestys  Order  referring  to  Indian  Prisoners,  she  being 
taken  as  we  are  informed  in  the  Government  of  Nova  Scotia. 
I  herewith  inclose  you  a  Copy  of  his  Majestys  said  order  & 
the  vote  of  the  Council  above  refer'd  to.  The  Girl  will  be 
forthwith  sent  to  Hallifax,  Which  I  thought  proper  to  advise 
you  of  that  so  you  may  make  your  earliest  Applications  to 
Governr  Cornwallis  for  the  Relief  you  want  in  this  unhappy 

I  am  Sir  Your  very  humble  Serv* 

J  Willard 
William  Shirreff  Esqr 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  73 

Letter,  Lieut.  Gov.  Phips  to  Oapt.  Jabez  Bradbury. 

Boston  July  26, 1750 

There  is  a  Report  here  that  a  Brigantine  from  France  full 
of  Passengers  (  being  Men  Women  &  Children  )  &  bound  to 
Penobscot  to  make  a  Settlem1  there,  was  seen  &  the  People 
spoken  with  by  one  of  our  Fishermen  near  the  Seal  Islands, 
&  as  it  is  said  they  informed  the  Fishermen  that  there  were 
four  more  french  Transports  that  came  out  with  them  on  the 
same  Intention :  Therefore  I  desire  &  direct  you  forthwith  to 
lay  out  every  way  you  can  for  the  best  Intelligence  of  this 
Affair  with  all  the  Circumstances  attending  it  &  send  it  to 
me  by  the  first  Opportunity 

Your  humble  Servant 

S  Phips 
Capt.  Jabez  Bradbury 

Boston  July  27,  1750. 

This  comes  to  you  at  Mr8  Gorhams  Desire  ( Sent  to  me  by 
Mr  Commissary  Wheelwright )  to  inform  you  that  upon  the 
repeated  Applications  of  Mr  Sheriff  of  Annapolis  Royal  refer- 
ring to  an  Indian  Girl  taken  Captive  by  you  as  well  as  in 
Pursuance  of  an  Order  the  Lieut.  Govr  has  received  from  his 
Majesty  to  have  all  the  Indian  Prisoners  taken  in  the  late 
War  belonging  to  such  Tribes  as  are  in  Alliance  with  or  pro- 
tected by  the  Crown  of  France  deliver'd  up  &  exchanged, 
the  Lieut.  Governr  with  the  Advice  of  the  Council  now  sends 
the  said  Indian  Girl  to  his  Excellency  Governr  Cornwallis  to 
be  disposed  of  as  he  shall  judge  proper  she  having  been  taken 
within  this  Governm*  I  suppose  Governr  Cornwallis  has  the 
same  Order  from  his  Majesty ;  However  the  Lieut.  Govern1, 


sends  him  a  Copy  of  his.     A  Copy  of  the  Vote  of  Council 
above  refer'd  to  is  herewith  inclosed. 

I  am  Sir  Your  very  humble  Serv1 

J  Willard 
Col0  John  Gorham 

Letter  TJios  Fletcher  to  U  Gov.  Phips  Aug.  2.  1750. 


Just  now  we  have  Information  privetly  by  an  Indean 
woman  who  has  Expressed  herselfe  to  Cap1  Bean  with  the 
strongest  asseverations  That  there  are  60  Indeans  from  Ken- 
edy at  penobscott  come  with  full  purpose  to  take  this  fort, 
burn  and  destroy  the  whole  settlemts  on  this  Rever:  Cap* 
Bean  told  her,  the  dangerous  consequence  both  to  Indians  & 
settlers  of  spreading  a  false  report  of  this  natur  but  she  per- 
sisted in  it,  and  doubted  not  but  in  four  days  they  would  pay 
us  the  Intended  visit. 

I  can*  help  therefore  with  the  greatest  dispatch  to  Inform 
yr  honr  of  such  a  dangerous  Cloud  as  threatens  both  the 
Inhabitants  lives,  and  this  fort  so  weak  and  meanly  provided 
with  men  and  necessarys  agst  such  sudden  unexpected  storm 
if  this  information  be  true  which  I  submitt  to  yr  Honrs  deeper 
penetration,  And  shall  be  ready  upon  all  occasions  to  shew 
how  sincerely  I  am 

Yr  Hors  Most  dutifull  Humble  Ser1 

Thomas  Fletcher 
S4  Georges  Agust  2  1750 

Se  Georges  Fort  Augst  The  3  1750 
To  Cap1  Thomas  henderson  Sir  I  Receved  Yours  and  am 
oblidged  To  You  I  shall  Use  all  posable  Endevrs  for  Entell- 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  75 

engence  and  Shall  Let  You  Know  If  I  Find  Any  Thing  To 
Depend  on :  And  I  Shall  Take  it  as  a  faiovr  That  You  Would 
Let  me  Know  if  You  find  aney  Thing  more  as  I  am  Directed 
by  the  Govrnor  if  possable  To  Know  The  Sartingty  of  The 
Matter  and  Send  to  Boston :  no  more  Sr 

I  am  Your  most  homble  Sarvent 

Tho8  Fletcher 
P8  Sr  I  Shold  Think  it  Best  not  To  Let  The  Indians 
Know  aney  Thing  of  the  matter  at  present  I  have  a  Prtic- 
lour  Frind  among  Them  That  I  Think  I  can  know  Som  Thing 
of  the  Mater  When  I  See  him  and  I  Expect  I  Shall  See  him 
This  Day  or  To  morrow  and  You  Shall  Emeadatly  know  if  I 
find  out  aney  Thing. 

[  Superscribed  ] 
To  Cap1  Tho9  henderson  at  Plesent  Poynt 
These  — 

Letter,  Thos  Fletcher  to  Ll  Gov.  Phips 

Sl  Georges  Fort  August  ye  20th  1750. 

According  to  Your  Commands  of  July  ye  26th  I  used  all 
Dillegance  and  Expadition  for  Intellegance  of  That  Freinch 
Ship.  Accordingly  Dispatched  a  man  to  the  Mouth  of  pen- 
obscot  River,  Who  Could  See  nor  hear  Aney  Thing  of  that 
Ship:  Nither  Could  hear  aney  Such  Thing  from  the  Indens. 
But  Since  that  I  talked  with  ye  Skipper  of  a  fishing  Schouner 
Who  Informed  me  that  he  had  been  on  board  a  freinch  Brig 
off  the  fox  Isleands  with  about  thirty  men  bound  as  they  told 
him  up  the  bay  of  fundy  Supos'd  to  be  a  traiding  Vessel 


this  is  all  the  information  That  I  Could  get  Which  Now  I 
transmit  to  your  honour  and  am  Sir 

Your  honours  Most  Deutifull  &  Hum1  Servant 

Thomas  Fletcher 
[  Superscribed  ] 
To  The  Hon0  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  at  Boston 
g  Cap*  Sanders 


To  Cap*  Thomas  Sanders  Coniander  of  the  Sloop 
Massachusetts  in  the  pay  &  Service  of  this  Govern- 

You  are  hereby  directed  to  enlist  with  all  possible  speed 
so  many  Men  as  with  the  Number  you  now  have  on  board 
shall  make  your  Compliment  to  be  Twenty  including  Officers. 

You  are  likewise  to  take  on  board  so  many  of  the  Guns 
which  were  put  on  Shoar  from  the  Boston  Pacquet  &  are 
now  under  the  Care  of  Jn°  Wheelwright  Esq.  as  shall  make 
with  those  you  have  on  board  Ten  Carriage  Guns  &  also 
Ammunition  &  Warlike  Stores  proportionable. 

And  being  thus  fitted  you  are  immediately  to  fall  below 
the  Castle  &  to  attend  upon  the  Rl  Hon1  the  Lord  Colville 
in  his  Majestys  Ship  Success,  a  Cruize  which  he  is  about  to 
make  at  the  Instance  of  the  Ll  Gov1  &  Council  in  order  to 
prevent  any  Attempts  that  may  be  made  by  the  French  to 
take  possession  of  any  Part  of  the  Sea  Coasts  of  this 
Province  or  to  carry  on  any  Trade  contrary  to  the  Treatys 
between  the  Crowns  of  England  &  France  &  also  to  protect 
any  part  of  our  Settlements  that  may  be  annoyd  by  or  in 
danger  of  Enemys  ~  And  you  are  to  follow  all  such  Directions 
as  may  be  given  you  from  time  to  time  by  his  Lordship  for 
for  each  &  any  of  the  Provinces  aforesaid 

OF   THE    STATE   OF    MAINE  77 

If  upon  your  Arrival  at  S*  Georges  River  you  shall  find 
that  any  Hostilitys  have  been  committed  there  &  that  an 
Additional  Number  of  Men  is  necessary  for  the  Service  you 
may  enlist  any  of  the  Inhabitants  or  other  persons  who  shall 
be  paid  in  proportion  to  the  Time  they  are  in  the  Service. 
Given  &c  Aug*  21,  1750. 

Letter  to  Lord  Colvill  bound  to  the  El  ward  Augst  29,  1750. 

My  Lord 

I  have  received  Intelligence  divers  ways  of  French 
Vessels  having  been  seen  on  the  Coast  of  New  England  in 
the  Eastern  part  of  this  Province  and  I  am  very  apprehen- 
sive that  they  are  endeavouring  to  bring  forward  a  Settle- 
ment within  the  Country  of  the  Penobscot  Indians  or  else  in 
or  near  the  Bay  of  Funcly  that  so  they  may  have  a  Sea  Post 
or  Outlet  from  Canada  in  those  Seasons  of  the  Year  when 
the  River  S*  Lawrence  is  innavigable.  I  am  of  Opinion  &  I 
doubt  not  your  Lordship  will  concur  with  me  that  all  Possi- 
ble Measures  should  immediately  be  taken  to  Prevent  the 
Execution  of  any  Scheme  of  this  Nature  and  as  his  Majestys 
Ship  under  your  Coiiiand  is  stationd  here  for  the  Protection 
of  his  Majestys  subjects  and  Territory's  I  think  she  cannot 
be  better  employd  than  in  a  Cruize  along  the  Sea  Coast 
examining  every  Port  or  Harbour  between  the  River  S1 
Georges  &  the  Province  of  Nova  Scotia  &  I  think  it  will  be 
for  his  Majestys  Service  that  any  French  who  may  be 
endeavouring  to  settle  should  be  remov'd  &  that  any  French 
Vessels  or  Effects  which  may  be  found  on  the  Seas  near 
those  Coasts  should  be  taken  into  your  Possession  &  carryd 
into  some  of  his  Majestys  Governments  as  it  must  be  pre- 
sura'd  they  are  either  designed  to  bring  forward  a  Settlement 
or  carry  on  an  illicit  Trade  in  those  Parts. 


To  facilitate  this  Design  I  shall  order  the  Sloop  Massa- 
chusetts in  the  Service  of  this  Province  to  attend  your 
Lordship  &  to  be  under  your  Direction  &  Command  &  she 
may  be  sent  into  any  River  Port  or  Harbour  from  time  to 
time  on  Discovery  or  any  other  Service  you  may  think 
proper  when  and  where  it  may  not  be  safe  or  convenient  for 
his  Majestyes  ship  to  be  employd  A  skilful  Pilot  shall  like- 
wise be  Provided  who  is  well  acquainted  with  the  several 
Harbours  on  the  Coast 

1  must  further  acquaint  your  Lordship  that  I  have  reason 
to  suspect  that  the  French  are  endeavouring  to  instigate  the 
Indians  to  attack  &  annoy  the  Frontiers  of  this  Province  & 
particularly  the  Fort  &  settlements  on  Sl  Georges  River 

If  upon  your  Arrival  at  the  Mouth  of  S1  Georges  River 
you  should  have  any  Intelligence  that  the  Fort  or  Inhabit- 
ants there  are  distress'd  by  the  Enemy  I  doubt  not  you  will 
employ  his  Majesties  Ship  &  likewise  the  Sloop  Massachusets 
in  the  best  manner  in  order  to  give  relief  &  as  the  Circum- 
stances of  the  Case  may  require 

His  Majestys  Council  of  this  Province  concur  with  me  in 
Opinion  upon  the  several  Matters  before  mentiond  &  join 
with  me  in  wishing  your  Lordship  Success 

I  am  Your  Ldships  most  Obed*  Servant 
Augst  29,  1750  [S.  Phips] 

To  the  R1  Hon1  Lord  Colvill  Comander  of 
his  Majestys  Ship  Success 

Poor  state  of  Fort  Greorge  in  Brunswick.     Sept.  3, 1750. 

A  Mem°  of  the  Poor  State  of  Fort  George  In  Brunswick. 

4  Great  Guns  with  4  Carrages,  Rotten  &  the  Platform  so, 
that  they  are  in  Danger  of  fall8  thro,  every  time,  they  are 
fired,  only  wth  powder  — 

2  swivel  Guns,  what  they  Stand  on,  is  Rotten. 

OF    THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  79 

The  hinges  of  ye  Cellar  Door  broke  &  the  Doors  with  ye 
Steps  Rotten,  which  Obliges  us  to  Keep  all  ye  Stores,  in  a 
Warehouse,  On  ye  outside  of  ye  Fort  wch  is  not  so  Convenient, 
or  Safe  as  if  they  were  Kept  within  the  Walls  of  s'1  Fort. 

The  General  Court,  hath  been  pleased  to  Reduce  srt  Fort 
to  4  Men,  what  Defence  Can  be  Expected  from  them,  In  Case 
of  an  Attack  from  ye  Enemy  ?  I  fear  but  little,  &  yl  they 
will  be  soon  Obliged  to  give  them  Selves  up  to  ye  Cruel 
Mercys  of  their  Enemies,  which  will  be  both  hard  &  Dis- 

The  Chimneys  of  yc  house  are  like  to  fall  &  ye  Windows 
are  smal  &  broken,  being  in  Lead,  every  time  the  Guns  are 
fired,  they  are  broke,  more,  or  less,  which  makes  me  think  yl 
sash  lights  will  be  best,  &  Cheapest,  in  ye  end. 

That  the  aforesd  State  of  the  Fort,  may  be  taken  under  due 
Consideration  is  ye  hearty  prayer  of 

Yr  Most  Obe1  humble  Ser1 

Boston  Sepr  3d  1750.  J°  Oulton 

To  the  Honble  Spenr  Phips  Esqr  Lieu1  Govr  &c. 

Letter,  W"1  Phips  to  Lieut.  Gov.  Phips. 

Fort  Frederick  Septr  7th  1750 
Hon"  Sr/ 

This  Waits  on  you  with  Duty,  And  serves  To  Inclose  An 
Express  I  recd  this  Morning  from  S*  Georges,  Which  shews 
ye  Eminent  Danger  these  parts  are  Exposed  to ;  And  We 
May  reasonably  Expect  to  Bear  A  part  With  our  Neighbours 
Notwithstanding  We  are  so  poorly  provided  with  Necessarys 
to  Withstand  ye  Insults  of  ye  Enimie  haveing  little  Bettr  then 
half  a  barrell  of  powder  and  About  thirty  w*  of  Ball,  Not 
One  flint  Nor  Candle  Nor  Any  Necessarys  Except  Bread  & 
pork  —  Therefore  I  Beg  your  favour  to  take  Care  that  We 


may  have  a  supply  of  Amunition,  flints,  Candles  Box  of 
Medicines,  1  Barrell  of  Pitch  to  Mend  ye  Boats  or  Any  other 
Warlike  stores  Convenient  for  A  Garrison  in  our  Condition 
&  likewise  more  Men  if  possiable. 

Duty  Love  &  Service  to  All 

Wm  Phips 

To  Cap.  Lithgow 

Having  receivd  Advice  that  a  considerable  Number  of 
Indians  are  upon  our  Frontier  in  Arms  &  there  being  great 
reason  to  suspect  their  bad  Intentions  You  are  to  keep  the 
strictest  Watch  that  may  be  and  for  the  strengthening  the 
Garrison  under  your  Command  I  have  the  Advice  of  his 
Majestys  Council  for  your  Enlisting  Ten  Men  more  for  one 
Month  which  I  hereby  direct  you  to  do  wth  all  possible  Speed 
and  the  Commissary  Gen1  will  furnish  you  with  necessary 
provision  Ammunition  &  Warlike  Stores.  Be  careful  to  give 
constant  Advice  to  me  of  every  Thing  material  that  may 
occur  relating  to  the  Indians  &  let  me  know  forthwth  the 
Condition  of  your  Forts  &  Garrison. 

I  am  Your  Assured  Friend 
[S  Phips] 

( this  Advised  to  be  sent  to  Lithgow  —  Bean  &  —  Phips) 
( to  Bradbury  at  Georges  only  with  this  Alteration  ) 
I  receivd  your  Letter  of  the  5.  Ins1  &  approve  of  what  you 
have  done  in  giving  Advice  to  the  other  parts  of  the  Frontiers. 

Letter,  Capt.  J.  Bradbury  to  the  Commanding  Officer  at 
Pemaquid.     Sept.  7,  1750. 

Sir     this  Day  I  am  Informed  that  Seventey  Indians  ar  gon 
from  penapscot  in  order  to  fall  on  ye  people  at  Sheepsgut ;  I 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  81 

think  it  absolutly  nessesary  that  you  Inform  them  of  thier 
Danger  as  soon  as  posible  they  tell  me  y*  the  people  on  this 
Side  Damarscotey  are  Safe  &  that  none  will  hurt  them,  the 
above  mentioned  Indians  ar  from  Canady,  the  ponapscots  are 
Still  Disirous  of  Living  peasably  with  us  and  have  wrote 
accordingly  to  the  Governer 

I  am  Sir  your  Humble  Servt 
September  7  1750  J :  Bradbury 

to  the  Comanding  Officer  at  Pemaquid 

Boston  Sepr  10,  1750 

I  recd  your  Letter  of  the  5th  Inst4  &  approve  of  what  you 
have  done  in  giving  Advice  to  the  other  Parts  of  the  Fron- 
tiers ;  You  are  to  keep  the  strictest  Watch  that  may  be ;  and 
for  the  strengths  the  Garrison  under  yr  Comm'1  I  have  the 
Advice  of  his  Majty8  Council  for  your  enlisting  ten  Men  more 
for  one  Month,  wch  I  hereby  direct  you  to  do  wth  all  possible 
Speed  And  the  Commy  Gen1  will  furnish  you  with  necessary 
Provisions,  Ammunition  &  warlike  Stores  And  by  the  sd 
Councils  Advice  I  further  direct  you  to  endeavour  as  soon  as 
possible  to  influence  the  End8  of  the  Arresaguntacook  Tribes 
to  send  two  or  three  of  their  Delegates  to  Bost0  in  order  to  a 
Conference  for  preservg  Peace  &  Friendship  wth  them,  But  if 
you  have  no  Opporty  to  see  any  of  these  Ind8  you  are  to 
employ  some  of  the  Penobscots  in  a  Messa  to  them  on  that 
Subject.  Be  careful  to  give  constant  Advice  to  me  of  every 
thing  material  y*  may  occur  relating  to  the  Inds,  &  let  me 
know  forthwth  the  Condit"  of  your  Fort  &  Garrison 

I  am  Your  assured  Friend 
Cl  Jabez  Bradbury  [  S.  Phips  ] 


Letter,  Sam1  Denny  to  Lt.  Gov.  Phips 

Georgetown  Sept.  10.  1750 

May  it  please  your  honour  this  corns  to  inform  your  honour 
that  on  the  8  Instant  in  the  morning  a  number  of  indians 
came  upon  the  hows  of  cap*  Wheton  att  Swan  Hand  and  cap- 
tivated 5  men  2  woomen  and  seven  children  and  after  plun- 
dring  the  hous  proseded  to  richman  and  burnt  the  dweling 
hous  and  2  stacks  of  hay  belonging  to  ye  widdow  waymouth 
then  proseded  to  the  garason  and  fout  it  sum  time  and  Killed 
a  considerable  number  of  cattel  and  we  make  no  doubt  but 
the  setelments  at  and  nere  wiscasick  was  attacked  yesterday  by 
the  numbers  of  guns  hard  by  sum  here  in  the  morning  untill 
the  wind  shifted  that  might  hinder  the  Reports  reching  us. 

We  are  attempting  to  rais  and  fit  out  sum  men  to  go  in  qust 
of  the  Enemy  or  the  relief  of  any  that  may  be  in  distress 
intend  to  set  out  this  night  I  supposeing  what  we  Know  to  be 
done  by  them  to  be  a  suffisiant  warant  for  such  a  proseding. 

I  propose  to  make  one  amongst  them  May  God  plese  to  ad 
to  our  numbers  by  his  presents  with  and  blesing  upon  this  I 
hop  lawful  and  lawdable  undertaking,  honored  sir  I  ned  not 
inform  you  of  the  distresing  condition  that  we  are  under  on 
this  sudin  rupture  we  are  naked  and  bare  therefore  hop  your 
honour  and  the  government  will  take  our  pitiable  case  into 
your  wise  and  compationate  consideration  and  grant  us  such 
Relief  consarning  the  premises  as  our  perplexed  surcom- 
stanses  call  for  this  being  Just  a  hint  of  the  case  in  grate 
hast  beg  leve  to  subscribe  my  self  your  honours 

Dutiful  sart 

Samuel  Denny 

p  s  I  had  like  to  have  forgot  to  inform  you  that  the 
above  Wheton  and  wife  Escaped  the  Enimy  by  taking  up  a 
bord  of  the  flore  in  the  rom  where  they  ware  in  bed  and  git- 
ting  into  the  siller  and  there  hiding  themselves  amongst  som 
casks  untill  the  Enemy  went  of  and  they  then  went  to  rich- 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  83 

man  fort  and  there  inform  of  the  prosedings  of  the  Enemy 
that  they  saw  and  hard  and  amongst  the  rest  report  that  they 
hard  on  of  their  daughters  requst  of  the  Enemy  for  leve  to 
go  into  the  hous  and  get  a  botel  of  milck  for  hir  pore  infant 
about  7  months  old  which  had  ben  wened  3  month  by  reson 
of  the  pore  state  of  helth  of  its  mother  which  was  granted 

S  D 
To  his  honour  the  Left,  governour 

[  Superscribed  ] 
On  His  majestys  sarvis 
To  The  Honourable  Spenser  Phips  Esqr  Lef1  governour  &c 
att  Boston 

Letter  to  Col.  Israel  Williams 

Boston  10  Sepr  1750 

I  have  certain  Advice  from  the  Eastern  parts  of  the  Prov- 
ince that  Eighty  Indians  from  the  Borders  of  Canada  have 
been  at  Penobscot  endeavouring  to  instigate  that  Tribe  to 
join  with  them  in  an  Attack  of  our  Settlements.  The  Penob- 
scots  have  been  at  Georges  to  give  Information  hereof  and 
they  write  to  me  that  they  have  endeavourd  to  diss  wade 
them  from  it  but  all  they  could  obtain  from  them  was  that 
they  would  not  fall  on  any  place  Eastward  of  Damariscotty 
And  they  were  gone  out  before  the  5  Inst.  I  am  apt  to 
think  these  are  the  Indians  you  had  advice  were  gone  out 
from  Canada.  However  as  we  know  they  are  abroad  upon 
no  good  Design  we  ought  to  be  upon  our  Guard  on  every 
part  of  our  Frontier  though  I  think  the  Eastern  part  of  it 
most  in  Danger. 

I  am  Your  Assured  Friend 
[S  Phips] 
Col0  Israel  Williams 


Letter,  IS  Gov.  Phips  to  Hon.  Jera  Moulton 

Boston  10th  Sepr  1750 

I  have  certain  Advice  from  ye  East"  Parts  of  the  Provs 
That  eighty  Ind8  from  ye  Borders  of  Canada  have  been  at 
Penobscot,  endeavouring  to  instigate  that  Tribe  to  join  with 
them  in  an  Attack  of  our  Settlemts  The  Penobscots  have 
been  in  to  Georges  to  give  Information  hereof ;  &  they  write 
to  me  That  they  have  endeavoured  to  disswade  them  from  it, 
but  all  they  could  obtain  from  them  was,  That  they  would 
not  fall  on  any  Place  Eastwd  of  Damariscotty ;  And  they 
were  gone  out  before  the  5th  Inst*.  I  am  apt  to  think  these 
are  ye  Indians,  y*  Col0  Israel  William  sometime  ago 
advised  me  were  gone  out  from  Canada:  However  as  we 
know  they  are  abroad  upon  no  good  Design,  We  ought  to  be 
upon  our  Guard  on  every  Part  of  our  Frontier,  though  I 
think  ye  East"  Part  of  it  most  in  Danger  — 

I  am  Sir,  Yr  assured  Friend  &  hum :  Servant 

[S  Phips] 
The  honDle  Jera  Moulton  Esqr 

Letter,  J°  Oulton  to  Ll  Gov.  Phips 

Fort  George  in  Brunswick  Sepr  11th  1750 

Last  night  I  got  to  the  fort,  &  found  some  of  ye  Inhab- 
itance  glad  to  Come  in  &  Cover  them  selves  from  ye  Indians, 
who  hath  fired  at  Richmond  Fort,  for  2  or  3  days  last  past, 
kild  many  of  ye  Cattle,  &  taken  11  or  12  people  off  Swan 
Island  How  soon  it  may  be  our  turn,  God  only  Knows,  for 
We  are  in  a  poor  state  of  Defence,  as  I  informed  yr  Honour, 
in  a  few  lines,  wcb  I  gave  to  you,  when  I  last  waited  on  yr 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  85 

Honour,  in  the  Townhouse.  Since  my  Return  here,  I  find 
more  things  needfull,  than  I  thought  of  at  yl  time,  by  the 
peoples  being  in  Want  of  Powder  &  Ball,  &  praying  for  a 
Supply  from  me,  tho :  I  tell  them  I  am  short  in  Both  them 
Necessary  Articles,  they  Insist  on  my  giveing  a  part,  wch 
makes  me  beg  yr  Honr  will  do  all  you  Can  to  forward  as  soon 
as  its  possible. 

Cap1  John  Gatchell  &  Ebenr  Standwood,  Liev*  Came  here 
last  night  &  encouraged  some  Men  to  go  after  ye  Indians  wth 
them,  towards  Richmond,  but  some  of  them  was  discouraged 
by  James  Dunnings  talk,  &  by  his  Brother,  Cap1  David  Dun- 
nings  not  appearing  at  all,  this  last  Man,  I  think,  should  have 
been  yc  first,  to  Encourage  others,  &  to  give  life  to  Such  a 
proceedg  against  our  Enemies,  who  are  keeping  this  Town,  & 
Topsham,  in  an  Alarm,  every  hour,  almost.  So  yl  we  are  in 
a  Deplorable  State,  its  now  abl  Eleven  in  ye  Morning  &  a  fire 
made  ab*  a  Mile  distance,  by  our  Enemies  &  seting  a  stack 
of  _  on  fire,  &  Kiling  Our  Cattle  In  ye  mids  of  this  trouble  I 
am  told  Cap1  Woodside  discourag'1  Mr  Mugrage  of  North 
Yarmouth  from  going  Against  ye  Indians  this  puts  me  in 
mind  of  y*  Saying,  A  house  divided  Ag8t  it  self  Cannot  Stand. 
On  ye  other  hand,  I  think  by  ye  Blessing  of  God  &  our  Reso- 
lutions, to  help  each  other,  this  is  ye  best  time  to  joyne 
against  our  Enemy  &  to  Over  Come  them  while  they  are  in 
a  Body,  at  some  Certain  place,  For  if  they  have  time  to  dis- 
perss,  they  are  hard  to  be  found,  &  then,  its  not  in  our  power 
to  make  yl  Spite  on  them,  as  when  they  are  in  a  Body,  &  we 
Can  Surprise  them  wth  ye  Greater  N°  wch  is  ye  best  opgtunity 
we  Can  expect  to  Overtake  them  &  to  gain  an  advantage 
upon  them. 

I  am  Concerned  to  see,  &  to  hear,  Such  a  division,  in  ye 
peoples  actions  &  thoughts,  wch  gives  our  Enemies  ye  Advan- 
tage, &  puts  it  ye  more  in  their  power  to  kill,  or  take,  every 
Single  Family,     this  misfortune,  by  unity,  might  be  avoided. 


If  ye  General  Court,  &  yr  honour  give  me  power,  to  enter 
any  Number  of  Men,  in  the  Service,  I  think,  this  time,  will 
give  me  an  opportunity  to  get  Volunteers,  wch  are  much  bet- 
ter than  any  Imprest  men,  &  to  be  Obtained  at  ye  less  Charges. 
If  your  honour  is  pleased,  to  grant  ye  favour  I  asked  it  will 
greatly  Oblige 

Hon™6  Sir  Yr  Most  Obed*  humb:  Ser* 

Jn°  Oulton 
To  the  Honble  Spenr  Phips  Esqr 
Liu1  Govr  &c 

Letter,  Lt.  Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow 

Boston  12.  Sep.  1750 

I  received  your  Letter  of  the  7th  Inst.  Your  Advices 
agree  with  the  Intelligence  I  had  before  from  Sl  Georges  and 
I  approve  of  what  you  have  done  in  giving  notice  to  the 
Inhabitants  to  be  upon  their  Guard. 

I  have  directed  the  Officers  of  the  Militia  that  in  case  of 
any  gross  Hostilitys  being  committed  by  these  Indians  that  a 
sufficient  Number  of  Men  should  forthwith  be  rais'd  to  relieve 
the  Inhabitants  &  intercept  the  Enemy.  If  it  should  so  hap- 
pen you  must  endeavour  notwUlstanding  to  keep  the  Nor- 
ridgewocks  in  Peace  wth  us  &  inform  them  that  what  has 
been  done  was  for  our  own  preservation  &  defence. 

If  the  Aresaguntacooks  should  continue  upon  the  Fron- 
tiers until  you  receive  this  &  you  can  have  any  communica- 
tion wth  them  either  immediately  or  by  means  of  the  Noridge- 
wock  Tribe  you  must  endeavour  to  prevail  on  them  to  send 
two  or  three  Delegates  to  Boston  in  order  to  a  Conference 
here  and  I  recommend  to  you  all  other  necessary  measures 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  87 

for  preserving  peace  that  may  consist  wth  ye  Honour  of  the 

I  am  Your  assured  Friend 

S  Phips 
Cap.  W1"  Lithgow 

Bost0  12Sepr  1750 

Upon  receivg  a  Lr  from  Cl  Wm  Lithgow  dated  the  7th  Ins1 
confirm6  the  Advice  lately  recd  fr.  you  I  have  given  Orders 
to  the  Officers  of  the  Mil*  that  in  Case  of  any  gross  Hostili- 
ties being  comm'1  by  these  Inds  y*  a  suffi1  Number  of  Men  shd 
forthwth  be  raised  to  releive  the  Inhab*8  &  intercept  ye  Enemy. 
If  it  should  so  happen,  you  must  endeavour  notwith stand8 
to  keep  the  Penobscots  in  Peace  wth  us,  &  inform  them,  that 
what  has  been  done  was  for  our  Preserv"  &  Defence  — 
I  am  Sir  Your  assured  Friend 

S  Phips 
Cpt.  Jab.  Bradbury 

Letter,  Selectmen  $•  ah,  of  North  Yarmouth  to  Lt.  Gov.  Phips, 
Sept.  12,  1750. 

To  the  Honerable  Spencer  Phipps  Esqr  Commander  in  Cheif 
(  for  the  time  being  of  the  Province  of  the  Massachusetts 

We  think  it  our  Duty  to  Inform  Your  Honr  of  the  Dis- 
tressed Naked  State  of  our  Town  being  fronteir  to  and 
Greatly  exposed  to  the  Indian  enemy  and  having  had  very 
latley  certain  Intelligence  from  his  Majestyes  fort  at  Rich- 
mond of  a  Great  Number  of  Indians  captivateing  fourteen 


Men  on  Swan  Island  near  Said  fort  and  Attacking  said  fort 
Which  being  but  about  a  Days  travel  to  our  town  we  have 
Reason  to  fear  a  most  fatal  Stroke  from  that  barbarous  enemy, 
we  being  but  very  few  men  in  Number  and  not  able  to  defend 
our  Selves,  and  obliged  to  Screen  our  selves  as  well  as  we 
can  in  Garrisons  and  leave  our  Substance  in  the  out  parts  of 
our  town  to  be  destroyed  and  we  must  beseech  your  Hon1  to 
take  a  paternal  Care  of  us  in  this  our  Distressed  State  we 
are  your  Honnrs  most  obedient  Servants 
North  Yarmouth  GilbertWinslow     f  Selectmen 

Septemr  12th  1750  :  Andrew  Gray       {of  sd  Town 

Cornelius  Soul  Cap1 
Jacob  Mitchel  Left 
Edward  King  /  Insign 

[  Superscribed  ] 

To  the  Hon1  Spencer  Phipps  Esqr  Commander  in  Cheif 

of  the  Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

Letter,  IS  Grov.  Phips  to  Col.  Ezek1   Gushing. 

Boston  14  Sepr  1750 

By  a  Letter  from  Major  Freeman  of  the  11th  Inst.  I  have 
Advice  of  Hostilitys  committed  by  the  Indians  against  ye  Fort 
at  Richmond  &  in  several  places  adjacent.  I  hope  as  soon  as 
my  last  Orders  came  to  you  ( if  not  before  )  that  you  causd  a 
Body  of  the  Militia  to  be  raisd  &  sent  forth  to  intercept  the 
Indians  who  have  done  the  spoil.  If  it  should  not  have  been 
done  I  think  it  will  still  be  necessary  altho  you  should  pre- 
sume the  Indians  may  be  returnd  to  their  own  Country ;  and 
it  is  my  Directions  that  immediately  upon  the  receipt  of  this 
you  cause  an  alarm  in  the  Towns  of  Falm°  &  Scarboro  &  One 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  89 

hundred  Men  of  your  Regiment  to  march  under  the  Com- 
mand of  an  able  &  discreet  Officer  to  scour  the  Woods  above 
Saco  Truck  House  &  from  thence  to  S*  Georges  Fort  that  if 
possible  some  of  the  Indians  who  have  annoy'd  us  may  be 
intercepted  &  taken  prisoners  if  may  be  or  otherwise  destroyd. 
This  appears  to  me  &  to  his  Majestys  Council  to  be  neces- 
sary for  the  safety  of  the  Inhabitants  &  preventing  there 
removal  from  their  Settlements  but  at  the  same  time  I  would 
have  the  greatest  Caution  possible  us'd  that  the  Tribes  of 
Penobscot  &  Norridgewock  may  be  distinguishd  &  not  annoy d 
since  the  Intelligence  given  by  both  those  Tribes  of  the  designs 
of  the  Arresaguntacooks  against  us  renders  it  probable  that 
they  are  desirous  of  remaining  in  peace  with  us  Much  will 
depend  on  the  prudence  of  the  chief  Officer  in  restraining  his 
Men  from  suddenly  firing  on  any  scattering  Indian  or  Indians 
that  may  be  met  with  and  endeavouring  if  possible  to  take 
any  other  prisoners  which  likewise  may  prove  the  means  of 
redeeming  our  own  people. 

You  may  inform  such  of  the  Militia  as  you  shall  send  out 
that  when  the  General  Court  meets  I  will  recommend  their 
asking  an  allowance  in  proportion  to  their  Service. 
I  am  Your  Assured  Friend  &  Serv* 

S  Phips 
Col0  Ezek1  Cushing 

Letter,  Thos  Chute  to  Major  Freeman 

New  Marblehead  Septem  21st  1750 
Major  Freeman  Sir 

This  comes  to  Inform  you  that  this  morning  about  nine 

oClock,  Mr  Webb  &  his  Son  Seth  was  makg  a  Fence  in  his 

Field  by  his  house,  &  haveg  left  an  Axe  a  few  Rodds  out  of 

the  Field  in  the  woods ;    the  sd  Webb  sent  his  son  alone  to 


fetch  it  and  baveg  recover'd  sd  Axe  &  returning  with  it  to 
his  Father ;  before  he  gott  into  the  Feild,  ye  Indians  Fierd 
two  Guns  at  him,  and  his  Father  &  Mr  Bodge  heard  him 
Scream  out  for  help ;  and  Immediately  ye  Indians  yel'd  out ; 
&  in  a  few  Minuets  about  Eight  or  Ten  Men  Isued  out  of 
the  Garrison  and  went  after  them,  But  could  not  find  the 
Indians  nor  ye  Young  Man,  But  found  his  Axe,  and  where 
ye  Indians  fierd  on  him,  and  we  have  yett  about  Fourteen 
Men  after  them,  we  have  heard  Since  the  young  Man  was 
Carried  of  near  Twenty  Guns  which  we  Suppose  ye  Indians 
is  Fireing  at  our  Cattle,  for  Severall  of  them  is  Come  In  as 
if  they  were  very  much  Frightd,  So  I  thought  it  my  Duty  to 
lett  you  know  what  Loss  we  have  mett  with ;  that  we  might 
have  Some  Care  taken  of  us ;  if  you  look  on  us  as  Kings 
Subjects ;  for  every  man  does  what  is  right  in  his  own 

From  your  Humbl  Servant 

Thomas  Chute 

Letter,  Col.  Ezl  Gushing  to  L1  Gov.  Phips 

Falmouth  Septr  22d  1750 
May  it  Please  Your  Honour, 

The  foregoing  is  Copy  of  what  came  to  Majr  Freeman  last 
Night,  and  I  have  just  now  heard  that  they  i  e  ye  Indians  are 
killing  Cattle  at  Brunswick ;  I  have  prosecuted  the  Orders  I 
lately  recd  from  your  Honour  and  in  a  few  Hours  Expect  the 
Scout  to  march  on  ye  back  of  our  Frontiers  ;  and  as  there  is 
a  Number  of  People  at  ye  above  Place  of  New  Marblehead, 
without  any  Officer,  wou'd  recommend  it  to  your  Honour 
that  the  above  Thomas  Chute  have  such  a  Commission  sent 
him  as  may  be  proper  to  keep  the  People  their  in  good  Order 
&  Discipline. 

This  I  thought  proper  to  Acquaint  Your  Honour  with,  & 
hope    our   men    will   be    Soon    reliev'd   by  others    from   ye 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  91 

Westward,  as  Our  Towns  are  left  too  Naked  and  Expos'd 
upon  so  many  men  being  drawn  out  of  them — 

I  am  Your  Honours  Most  Obed*  hum1  Ser1 

Eze  Gushing 
[  Superscribed  ] 
On  his  Majesty's  Service 
To  The  Honourable  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieu1  Govern1" 
&  Commander  in  Chiefe  in  &  Over  his  Majesty's  Province 
of  the  Massachusets  Bay  in  New  England 
g  Cap1  John  Cook 

Lieut   G-ovr's  Speech.  Sept.  26,  1750. 

"  Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Representatives, 
I  was  in  hopes  at  the  last  rising  of  the  Court  that  I 
should  not  have  been  Obliged  to  Call  you  together  again 
until  you  could  have  Attended  the  Publick  Business  with 
less  Inconvenience  to  your  private  Affairs  than  I  am  sensible, 
you  can  at  present :  But  the  Advices  which  I  have  received 
from  the  Eastward  of  Hostilitys  Committed  by  a  Body  of 
Indians,  supposed  to  be  part  of  those  Settled  near  the 
Borders  of  Canada  in  captivating  Several  of  our  Inhabitants 
and  Attacking  his  Majesty's  Fort  at  Richmond  renders  it 
Necessary  for  you  to  Meet  at  this  Time ;  and  I  recommend 
the  Consideration  of  this  Affair  &  what  relates  to  it  to  your 
first  &  Chief  Attention  " 

»  S  Phips  " 
"Council  Chamber  September ye  26  1750. 

In  the  House  of  Repres™8  Septr  27.  1750 

Ordered  that  Mr  Speaker,  Judge  Russell  Col0  Clap,  Capn 
Bragdon  &  Cpt  Williams  with  such  as  the  Honble  Board 
shall  Join  be  a  Committee  to  take  the  first  Paragraph  of  his 


Honour's  Speech  of  the  26th  Instant  under  Consideration,  & 

report  what  they  Judge  proper  to  be  done  thereon. 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

T  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  Septr  27.  1750,  Read  &  Concur'd  &  Jacob 
Wendell,  Jeremiah  Moulton,  Joseph  Wilder  &  Thomas 
Hutchinson  Esq18  are  joined  in  the  Affair. 

Sam  Holbrook  Dty  Secry 

Petition  of  Inhabitants  on  the  Frontiers.     Sept.  26,  1750. 

To  his  Honour  Spencer  Phips  Esq :  Lieutenant  Governor 
&  Commander  in  Cheif  in  and  over  his  Majesties  Prov- 
ince of  Massachusetts  Bay  and  to  the  Honourable  Coun- 
cill  and  House  of  Representatives  in  General  Court 

We  the  Subscribers  for  ourselves  &  in  behalf  of  the  Rest 
of  the  Inhabitants  on  the  Frontiers  in  the  Eastern  Parts  — 

Humbly  Show 

The  poor  distressed  Condition  that  our  part  of  the  Country 
is  in  at  present  for  we  have  had  Seventeen  People  carried 
away  Captive  by  the  Indians,  two  wounded  &  another  mor- 
tally wounded  which  we  suppose  to  be  dead  before  this  Time, 
One  Garryson  &  likewise  severall  Houses  &  Hay  in  the 
Marshes  burned  &  other  Houses  Rifled,  Great  Number  of 
Cattle  &  Hogs  killed,  which  has  put  our  People  in  so  much 
Fear  that  we  cannot  go  from  one  Garrisson  to  another  with- 
out going  by  night,  neither  are  we  able  with  safety  to  gather 
in  our  Crops  &  if  we  lose  our  Crops  we  cannot  live  there 
this  Winter  for  want  of  Support  for  our  Families  and  as  we 
are  so  naked  no  Vessels  will  come  to  carry  us  away,  if  we 
are  obliged  to  come  off 

We  therefore  hope  that  your  Honours  will  be  pleased  to 
take  our  poor  distressed  State  into  your  wise  Consideration 


&  in  your  great  Wisdom  send  us  such  a  Supply  of  Men  as 
may  cover  our  said  Frontiers  so  that  we  may  with  safety 
gather  in  our  Crops  &  Pick  up  what  of  our  Cattle  the  Indians 
have  left  in  the  Woods  &  we  your  Petitioners  as  in  duty 
bound  shall  ever  pray 
Boston  Sept:  26:  1750 

James  McCobb         Alexr  Nikels 
David  Duning  Ebenezer  Standwood 

Samuel  Kennedy       John  Gachell 
James  Campbell        Joseph  Orr 

Georgetown  Sep*  27  1750 
To  His  Honour  the  Lef1  governour  may  it  pleas  your 
Honour  persuant  to  a  warrant  from  the  lef1  cor1  of  this  Regi- 
ment we  have  raised  14  men  and  delivered  them  as  pr  order 
to  go  with  others  as  a  scout  but  think  it  our  duty  to  inform 
your  honour  of  the  presant  surcomstanses  of  this  town  the 
Enemy  is  becum  so  bould  that  they  are  Entred  into  the  very 
bowels  of  this  setelment  on  the  25  Instant  in  the  night  they 
beset  a  house  within  call  of  the  garason  of  samuell  Denny 
there  being  only  one  man  in  it  who  defended  himself  until 
they  brok  in  upon  him  then  he  got  out  at  a  back  window  and 
fled  but  was  so  closly  pesued  that  he  was  obliged  to  take  the 
river  to  swim  to  arrowsick  Hand  (  he  being  on  parkers  Hand  ) 
but  3  of  the  Enemy  persued  him  in  a  float  and  on  coming  up 
with  him  he  took  hold  of  the  float  and  overset  them  and  then 
swam  on  and  made  his  Escape  they  set  fire  to  the  hous  he 
was  in  and  burnt  a  hovel  with  a  stack  of  hay  we  hope  by 
bloud  and  other  concuring  surcomstances  that  he  killed  one 
of  the  Enemy  this  of  the  cominge  of  the  Enemy  amongst  us 
have  put  the  Inhabitants  into  such  fare  that  althow  their 
crops  are  perishing  they  dare  not  take  care  of  them  so  that 
unless  spedily  relieved  the  indian  corn  harvist  must  and  will 
be  lorst —    This  Therefore  waits  on  your  Honour  to  pray 


that  you  would  be  pleased  to  take  our  presant  distressed  sur- 
comstanses  into  your  compationate  consideration  and  grant 
us  such  Relief  consarning  the  premises  as  the  nature  of  our 
present  surcomstanses  call  for  — 

pleas  your  Honouer  the  gentelmen  the  comition  offisers 
that  ware  to  have  signed  to  the  above  bein  Just  now  out  of 
the  way  and  the  vesel  Just  going  to  Sail  I  can  only  say  that 
what  is  above  Inserted  are  sartin  facts  and  beg  leve  to  sub- 
scribe myself  your  Honours  dutiful  sar* 

Samuell  Denny 

[  Superscribed  ] 

On  His  majesty  sarvis 

To  His  Honour  Spenser  Phips  Esqr  Lef*  governour  &c 

att  boston 


The  Committee  appointed  to  take  under  Consideration  the 
first  Paragraph  of  his  Honours  Speech  &  to  make  Report 
having  attended  the  Service  are  humbly  of  Opinion 

A  Dele  That  it  is  necessary  an  Act  should  pass  this 
Court  for  the  removal  of  the  two  persons  now  confined  in 
his  Majestys  Gaol  in  the  County  of  York  for  the  supposed 
Murder  of  the  Indian  at  Wiscasset  in  order  to  a  speedy  & 
impartial  Trial  in  some  other  County  in  the  Province 

That  a  Letter  be  prepared  before  the  Rising  of  the  Court 
&  a  proper  person  sent  to  the  Governor  of  Canada  informing 
him  of  the  Hostilitys  committed  by  the  Indians  who  live 
near  the  Borders  &  are  in  Alliance  wth  the  French  and 
demanding  the  Release  of  the  Captives  agreeable  to  the 
Treaty  between  the  two  Crowns. 

A  Dele  That  his  Honour  the  Lieutenant  Governor  be 
desired  to  renew  his  Orders  to  the  Commanding  Officers  at 
S1  Georges  &  Richmond  to  propose  to  the  Penobscots  & 
Norridgewocks  a  general  Conference  with  their  Tribes  in  the 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  95 

Eastern  parts  of  the  Province  the  next  Summer  &  that  the 
S1  Francois  &  Wowerrock  Indians  be  included  in  it  provided 
that  they  cease  from  all  Hostility s  against  our  Frontiers  in 
the  mean  time,  and  that  the  said  Officers  be  ordered  likewise 
to  endeavour  that  some  of  the  Aresaguntacooks  may  come  in 
as  soon  as  may  be  in  order  to  treat  for  the  Return  of  the 
Captives  lately  taken  from  us. 

That  Pay  &  subsistence  agreeable  to  the  past  Establish- 
ment for  marching  Forces  be  granted  &  allowd  to  the  hun- 
dred men  rais'd  by  Ll  Col0  Gushing  &  that  his  Honour  be 
desired  to  give  Orders  that  said  One  hundred  Men  be 
employe!  for  the  protection  of  the  Inhabitants  in  the  most 
exposed  places  in  getting  in  their  Harvest  &  that  said  Pay  & 
subsistence  continue  until  the  20th  day  of  October  next  &  no 

That  like  pay  &  Subsistence  be  allowed  to  ten  men  until 
the  20th  of  October  to  be  posted  at  Phillips  Town  for  the 
protection  of  the  Inhabitants  there. 

Jacob  Wendell  by  order 

In  Council;  Sept.  28.  1750  Read  &  Sent  down. 
In  the  House  of  Repves  Sep1  28.  1750 

Read  and  Accepted  with  the  Amend1118  Viz  Dele  at  A. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence 

T  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  Octobr  3.  1750,  Read  &  Concur'd,  and  Thomas 

Hutchinson   Esqr   with    such  as  the  House  of  Represent™ 

shall  join  be  a  Committee  to  prepare  the  Draught  of  a  Letter 

to  the  Govern1  of  Canada  accordingly 

Sent  down  for  Concurrence 

J  Willard  Secry 

In  the  House  of  Repves  Octr  4.  1750 

Read  &  Concur'd  and  Mr  Gray  and  Thos  Foster  Esq1 
are  Joyned  in  the  Affair. 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 


Orders,  L*  Gov.  Phips  to  Ll  Col.  Cushing 

Boston  29th  Septemr  1750 

The  General  Court  have  Voted  Pay  and  Subsistence  for 
One  hundred  &  fifty  Men  for  the  Defence  of  Eastern  Fron- 
tiers including  the  One  hundred  Men,  which  I  gave  you  my 
Orders  to  raise,  &  which  you  inform  me,  were  ready  to  march 
the  22d  Instant.  Fifty  Men  I  have  given  Orders  to  Col0 
Moulton  to  raise  in  the  Western  parts  of  the  County,  & 
to  post  them  between  Saco  &  Kennebeck  Rivers.  The  whole 
I  put  under  your  Direction.  You  are  to  cause  them  to  con- 
tinue in  Service  until  the  first  day  of  November,  &  then  to 
dismiss  them,  unless  you  shall  hereafter  receive  Orders  from 
me  to  the  Contrary.  And  you  are  to  Cause  the  said  Men  to 
be  posted  between  Casco  Bay  &  S*  Georges  River  including 
the  Settlemts  there,  &  must  distribute  them  for  the  Protection 
of  the  most  exposed  Places,  while  the  Inhabitants  are  getting 
in  their  Harvest.  You  must  cause  fifty  Men  to  be  posted  to 
the  Eastward  of  Damarascotty,  Ten  of  them  at  the  Mills  at 
Madamock,  the  remaining  Forty  to  cover  the  Inhabitants, 
while  getting  in  their  Crops  &  preparing  their  Habitations 
against  the  Winter.  You  must  also  cause  ten  Men  to  be 
posted  at  Phillips  Town. 

I  shall  send  you  blank  Commissions  for  the  Officers  of  ye8 
two  Companies  which  you  take  out  of  the  Places  where  the 
Men  are  raised  not  doubting  they  will  be  filled,  with  able  & 
discreet  men  who  will  oblige  the  Soldiers  diligently  &  faith- 
fully to  attend  their  Duty.  If  you  have  Occasion  for  a  Sur- 
geon Mr  Joseph  Wise  of  Falmouth  is  recommended  to  me  as 
a  proper  Person  &  I  desire  he  may  be  employed. 

If  you  find  it  most  for  the  Service  to  dismiss  any  Number  of 
the  Men  now  raised ;  You  are  hereby  directed  &  impowered 
to  enlist  or  impress  other  Men  in  their  room ;  But  must  take 
Care  that  none  be  dismissed  till  others  come  to  relieve  them. 
Lieut*  Colonel  Cushing  S  Phips 

OF    THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  97 

Letter,  IS  Gov.  Phips  to  Col.  Cushing 


Having  been  applied  to  by  Mr  Apthorp  that  I  would 
appoint  a  Guard  for  protecting  the  Mast  Men  in  your  Parts 
in  drawing  the  Kings  Masts  to  the  Water  &  being  Advised 
by  Gentlemen  acquainted  with  the  Situation  of  the  Settle- 
ments on  your  Front18  that  the  Matter  may  be  effected  with- 
out the  least  Prejudice  to  the  general  Design  of  raising  the 
150  men  under  your  Direction  viz.  the  Covering  of  the 
Inhabts  in  getting  in  their  Harvest. 

My  Order  to  you  is  that  if  it  appears  to  you  that  the  Ser- 
vice may  be  done  without  the  lest  Interfering  with  the  gen- 
eral Design  of  raising  this  Force  as  above  mentioned  that 
then  you  detach  a  Number  of  Men  not  exceeding  fifteen 
under  a  proper  O fricer  to  guard  the  said  Mast  Men ;  for  a 
reasonable  time  within  the  Term  of  the  Continuance  of  their 
Pay  &  Subsistence.  But  if  any  Prejudice  to  the  General 
Service  will  ensue  upon  your  appointing  this  Guard  you  are 
not  to  do  it. 

"  MestP  from  the  Honhlc  Board  Oct.  1.  1760.  " 

In  Council  Octobr  1.  1750 

Ordered  that  the  following  Message  be  sent  down  to  the 
Honble  House  of  Represent™8  Viz 

Whereas  the  two  Houses  on  Friday  last  pass'd  a  Vote  for 
raising  150  Men  for  the  Protection  of  the  Eastern  Frontiers ; 
&  on  the  Day  following  the  House  being  again  possessed  of 
the  said  Vote  ( by  Means  only  of  a  Message  from  his  Honour 
the  Lieut.  Govern1"  proposing  an  Amendm*  thereon)  pass'd 
a  Vote  for  reconsidering  the  said  Vote  of  both  Houses  & 
inserted  it  on  the  same  Paper ; 

The  Board  apprehend  that  this  Proceeding  of  the  House  is 


irregular  &  very  different  from  the  usual  Practice  of  the 
Court,  so  that  they  cannot  with  any  Propriety  pass  on  the  sd 
Vote,  And  therefore  desire  that  the  Honble  House  would 
reconsider  their  Vote  of  Saturday  last,  and  so  proceed  on  the 
Affair  as  that  the  Intention  of  the  Court  for  the  Relief  of  the 
Frontiers  may  be  put  in  Execution  as  soon  as  may  he 

J  Willard  Secry 

To  the  Honble  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieu1  Governer  &c 
the  Honble  Councill  and  Honble  House  of  Represent- 

The  Humble  peticion  of  the  Setlers  and  Inhabitants  of  the 
uper  part  of  St.  Georges  River  Humbly  Sheweth 

That  we  your  Petioners  by  the  late  wars  being  forced 
from  our  Settlements  and  Deprived  of  the  fruit  of  our  toyl 
and  Leabours  (with  Joy  and  gladness  of  heart  Imbreased 
the  peace  Concluded  by  your  Honers  with  the  Indians ) 
according  to  which  articles  we  have  behaved  our  Selves 
Inafencively  as  good  Subjects  and  friends  to  the  Indians 
themselves  being  Judges  )  But  Innocence  being  no  Protec- 
tion against  Indians  Resentment  which  Rarely  or  never 
Destinguishes  Betwixt  the  Innocent  and  guilty  )  this  late 
unhapy  Irupsion  has  Cast  your  Petion8  into  the  utmost 
Distress  and  Confusion  which  must  terminate  in  your  petion8 
temperall  Ruin  without  the  Speedy  succour  and  Relief  of 
your  Honr  at  the  Head  of  so  many  Zealous  patriots  In  Both 
Houses  — 

The  Blockhouse  Being  our  only  Safe  Retreat  in  Danger 
thither  we  fled  with  our  familys  which  house  not  being  Able 
to  Contain  (  Had  not  Cap*  Bradbury  of  his  usall  Goodness 
and  simpathy  Receiv'd  So  many  into  the  fort  that  his  own 
apartment  is  Crowded  )  nor  we  to  mentain  such  Anumber 
No  less  than  171  Souls  while  Deprived  of  the  fruits  of  our 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  99 

Leabour  and  Benifit  of  our  Cattle  not  Daring  to  Dig  or  Raise 
our  Roots  or  milk  our  Cows  to  Comfort  our  Crying  Children 
and  if  not  soon  Relieved  must  Leave  our  houses  Leabours 
and  Promising  Stock  to  the  number  of  above  400  head  of 
Cattle  )  to  be  Lodges  fuel  and  food  for  our  Enemys  )  which 
Discoragements  are  forcing  Severall  of  our  nubers  to  think  of 
transporting  themselves  Elsewhere  to  unEable  Long  to 
support  themselves  and  their  familys  (  and  so  of  Consiquence 
the  Blockhouse  by  the  Care  of  the  Government  Last  war 
mentain'd  against,  the  Enemy  must  soon  fall  a  sacrifise  to 
their  present  Rage  and  Revenge  ) 

This  May  it  pleas  your  Honers  is  our  present  Case  which 
we  Humbly  Submit  to  your  wisdom  and  Deliberation  the 
only  Sours  from  whence  under  God,  we  Expect  Relief  and 
Remidy )  of  those  our  presing  Evells  ( and  Shall  Carefuly 
observe  such  orders  and  Directions  as  your  Honers  Shall  see 
fit  to  transmitt  to  us  and  If  Encoraged  we  will  venture  our 
Lives  In  the  Comon  Cause  Reather  than  Desart  the  Intrust 
of  our  Contry  and  prospect  of  so  promising  A  Settlement  — 

50  we  hope  the  premises  Duely  Considered  will  move  pity 
and  procure  sum  Speedy  Relief  and  your  Honers  Subscrib- 
ing petion8  as  In  Duty  Bound  will  for  Ever  pray  &c  — 

51  Georges  October  3d  1750. 

Rob*  Ruthrford  Tho  Kilpatrick  Samell  Bouges 

Benja  Burton  finla  Kelloch  John  Bouges 

Rob1  McIntyer  John  Kelloch  Sam11  Bouges  Juner 

Samuel  Howard  David  Kelloch  Lawrance  Parsons 

Alexdr  Lermond  Daniell  Kedney  Moses  Robinson  Junir 

Alex  Campbell  John  Brown  John  Melill 

Boyce  Cooper  Benjemin  Thompson  John  Catherwood 

Tho8  Palmer  John  McIntyer  Rob1  Catherwood 

William  James  Thomas  Greagg  John  McCarter 

William  James  Junr  Joseph  Rives  Danell  farell 

John  Young  Robert  Speer  John  Scanlin 



Joseph  Robinson 
Moses  Robinson 
Haunce  Robinson 
John  Robinson 
John  Sleater 
William  McClyr 
Yar.  Lewis 

Thom8  Holdin 
John  mecCordy 
Hugh  Scott 
Abraham  All 
John  S 

David  Patteson 
Samuel  Creighton 
Thomas  Long 

Jacob  Hiler 
Tho8  Neal 
Dinis  Conly 
Daniel  Lewis 
Thos  Mecordy 
William  Patteson 
William  Smith 
J.  Bradbury 

Petition  of  S.  Whittemore  <f  Israel  Averell 

To  the  Honourable  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieutenant 
Governour  and  Commander  in  Cheif  in  and  Over  his 
Majesty's    Province    of   the  Massachusetts  Bay  The 
Honourable    his    Majesty's    Council    and   House    of 
Representatives  in  General  Court  Assembled  at  Bos- 
ton this  fifth  day  of  October  1T50. 
Samuel  Whittemore  of  Cambridge  in  said  province  Gent 
and  Israel  Averil  of  Sheepscut  in  said  Province  Yeoman  for 
and  on  behalf  of  themselves  and  other  the  proprietors  and 
Inhabitants    of   the   west   side    of  Sheepscut   River    in    the 
County  of  York 
Humbly  Shew 

That  they  have  just  now  been  Informed  that  there  is  filed 
in  your  Honourable  Court  a  petition  or  Memorial  of  One 
Alexander  Nichols  and  other  Inhabitants  of  the  east  side  of 
Sheepscut  River  aforesaid  praying  for  certain  reasons  therein 
mentioned  that  they  may  be  incorporated  into  Town  Order ; 
the  granting  of  which  petition  Your  Memorialists  Conceive 
will  be  very  prejudicial  And  thereupon  Humbly  Pray  Your 
Honour  and  Honours  that  before  any  proceedings  are  had 
thereon  they  may  be  Admitted  to  Shew  Cause  in  your 
Honourable  Court  why  the  prayer  thereof  should  not  be 
granted  and  as  in  Duty  bound  shall  Ever  pray  &c 

Sam1  Whittemore     Israel  Averell 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  101 

Letter,  Wm  Litligow  to  IS  Gov.  Pliipa  Oct.  6,  1750. 

May  it  pleas  your  Hon1/ 

two  of  ye  Narrigewack  Tribe  Came  here  this  Day,  who 
Inform*1  me,  ye  Canada  Indians  ware  Return'd  from  our 
frountiers,  and  that  we  might  Now  Safely  venture  out  about 
our  Respective  Busniss  again,  I  asked  them  if  we  might  Rely 
on  thare  Information,  and  tould  them  that  if  our  people 
Should  venture  abroad  as  In  peaseble  Times,  that  ye  Canada 
Indians  might  thereby  Take  ye  advantage  of  us  by  killing  or 
Captivating  of  us,  which  would  turn  ye  Gourments  Resent- 
ment aginst  them,  for  their  false  Inteligence,  upon  which  thay 
Inform'1  me  that  ye  Gratest  part  of  ye  sd  Canadiens  had  with 
Drawn  from  hence  about  a  fortnight  ago,  and  that  ye  others 
also  Set  of  for  Canada  4  Days  Sence,  and  sd  if  here  after, 
there  should  be  any  mischeif  Dun  at  ye  Westward  it  was 
unknown  to  them,  and  tould  me  If  thay  Should  Com  this  fall 
or  ye  Next  Spring  to  Do  mischeif  thay  would  hi  ye  Like 
manner,  Give  us  Notice,  I  asked  them  Conserning  ye  Cap- 
tives that  was  Carried  away  thay  tould  me  that  thay  Saw 
them  all  at  Narrigewack,  and  those  Indians  had  not  killd  any 
of  them,  but  Carried  them  Directly  to  Canada,  I  asked  what 
thay  would  Do  with  them,  thay  tould  me  thay  belived  thay 
would  Give  them  to  ye  French,  I  asked  them  Several  Ques- 
tions Conserning  ye  Canada  Indians,  as  whather  thay  would 
or  would  not,  Com  against  us  in  ye  Next  Spring,  or  whether 
thay  thought  thay  would  be  peaseble  for  the  Time  to  Com, 
thare  answar,  was  thay  Could  not  tell,  thay  then  asked  me, 
if  I  had  any  News,  I  then  Red  to  them  your  Hon"  Letters  or 
more  properly  those  parts  of  yr  Letters  which  gave  them  ye 
most  assurence  of  ye  Governments  Good  Inclination  Still  to 
maintain  a  Strict  friendship  betwen  ye  Narrigewacks  and  ye 
penobscott  Tribes  and  us  So  Long  as  thay  Should  be  found 
to  be  in  our  Intrest.  thay  then  asked  me  if  thay  might  be 
safe    to  Come  and    Trade    here  as    usuil.     I  tould   them  I 


beleved  thay  might  be  Safe,  agreable  to  ye  Governours  Letter 
I  had  Just  Red  them,  thay  asked  if  I  expected  any  more 
News  this  Fall,  I  toul_  them  I  Did,  and  that  thay  Should 
from  time  to  Time  Notise  ( here )  of  ye  Goverments  Good 
Inclinations,  towards  them,  &  ye  penobscotts,  thay  then  tould 
me  that  if  ye  Trad  was  Continuied  here  that  thay  Should 
always  Com  here  as  usuiel. 

this  being  ye  present  acCurrent  with  all  Due  Regards  I 
Humbly  Begg  Leave  to  Subscribe  my  Selfe  your  Hon"  most 
Dutifull  Humble  Serv1  to  Command 

Willm  Lithgow 
To  the  Honble  Spencer  Phips  Esqr 
Richmond  Fort  October  ye  6th  1750 

P.  S  ye  Indians  haveing  Killd  one  of  ye  Country  oxen  I 
want  another  to  Suply  his  place  other  wise  I  know  not  how 
we  Shall  furnish  our  Selves  with  wood  In  ye  Winter 

W  L 

our  Number  being  now  24  men,  with  humble  Submission, 
I  would  ask  whether  or  no  it  might  not  be  for  our  Safety,  to 
Continue  ye  above  sd  Number  till  Such  Time  as  we  Can 
Depend  on  a  Settled  peace,  for  if  those  Indians  Should  prove 
treacherous  and  those  other  Indians  Com  and  Joyn  them, 
towards  ye  Spring,  thay  might  Easely  Surprise  us  if  we  trade 
with  them,  here  being  sum  times  thribble  our  Number  within 
the  fort,  which  Cant  be  avoided,  In  those  Cases. 

[  Superscribed  ] 

On  His  Majesty's  Service 
To  the  Honble  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Liv1  Governour  and  Com- 
mander In  Cheif  In  and  over  His  Majesty's  Provience 
of  ye  Massachusetts  Bay  In  New  England 
to  be  forwarded  g  Major  Denny  at  Arowsick 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  103 

«  His  Hon™    Message  Oct.  9,  1750.  " 

Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Represent™8 

You  are  sensible  that  I  have  given  Orders  to  the  Com- 
manding Officers  at  Sl  Georges  &  Richmond,  to  endeavour 
that  some  Delegates  from  the  Indians  may  be  sent  up  to 
Boston,  in  order  to  an  Accomodation  of  the  present  Differ- 
ences between  this  Province  and  them. 

If  any  should  come  up  it  will  be  necessary  some  Provision 
should  be  made  for  the  Expence  that  may  attend  the  Affair, 
since  no  Treaty  or  Conference  can  at  any  time  be  had  with 
that  People  but  some  Present  must  be  made  them :  I  there- 
fore recommend  to  you  to  consider  what  may  be  necessary 
to  be  done  by  you  in  relation  hereto. 

October  9.  1750 

S  Phips 

In  the  House  of  Repve8  Octr  11.  1750 

Voted  that  if  a  Conference  be  had  with  any  of  the  Eastern 
Indians  in  the  Recess  of  the  Court  That  His  Honr  the  Lieu* 
Govr  be  desired  with  the  Advice  of  the  Council  to  make 
them  ( If  they  Judge  Convenient )  suitable  Presents  not 
exceeding  the  Value  of  one  hundred  pounds. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence 

T  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council,  Oct.  11.  1750  Read  &  Concurred 

J  Willard  Secry 
Consented  to  S  Phips 

Letter,  Sr  Wm  Pepperrell  to  Hon.  Josiah  Willard. 

Honr,le  Sir 

On  the  ninth  instant  I  arrived  here,  being  fifty  Seven  days 
from  London  You  have  had  later  advice  by  Cap*  Phillips, 
who  I  understand  is  arrived  with  you. 


Sir  Peter  Warren  has  Sent  under  my  Care  by  the  Vessel  I 
eame  in,  two  large  black  Stallions  (  as  he  said )  to  mend  the 
Breed  of  the  Country. 

I  understand  by  him,  that  it  was  Part  of  the  Money  he 
drew  out,  with  Mr  Agent  Bollan,  as  Commissions  for  receiv- 
ing the  money  due  for  the  Cape  Breton  Expedition,  which 
he  offered  to  make  a  Present  to  ye  Province.  He  told  me 
he  should  be  glad  if  the  Government  would  make  a  Present 
of  the  Remainder  of  ye  Commission,  to  encourage  ye  Protes- 
tant School  in  Ireland. 

Sir  Peter  proposed  that  these  Horses  should  be  sent  into 
Several  parts  of  this  Province  and  that  every  one  who  brought 
a  Mare  should  pay  so  much  as  would  Satisfie  for  looking 
after  the  Horse. 

I  think  one  third  Part  of  the  Forces  that  went  on  ye  Expe- 
dition to  Louisbourg  were  enlisted  from  ye  County  of  York. 
I  should  be  glad  if  one  of  the  Stallions  might  be  ordered 
there  for  some  Time. 

My  Compliments  to  His  Honour  the  Lieu1  Governor,  The 
Honble  Council  &  the  Honble  House  of  Representatives. 
Their  Commands  will  be  Obey'd  by  theirs  and 

Sir  Your  Most  Obedient  Humble  Servant 

Wm  Pepperrell 
Kittery  Octobr  9th  1750 
The  Honble  Josiah  Willard  Esqr 

Letter,  Jabez  Bradbury  to  Ll  Gov.  Phips 

S4  Georges,  October  10th  1750 
May  it  Please  your  Honour 

Yesterday  Came  in  here  two  of  the  Penobscots  and  this 
Day  Came  Squadook,  they  tell  me  the  Indians  that  Took  the 
People  at  Swan  Island  and  other  Parts,  are  gon  of  Satisfied, 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  105 

haveing  (  as  they  Say  Paid  themselves  for  the  Mischief  done 
them  at  Wiscaset,  and  will  hurt  us  no  more,  the  Prisners  are 
all  well  on  their  way  to  Cannada  being  met  by  Som  of  the 
Penobscots  on  their  Return  from  thence. 

I  Communicated  that  Part  of  your  Honours  Letter  Relat- 
ing to  the  Arsaguntacooks  waiting  on  Your  Honour  at  Bos- 
ton in  answer  to  which  Leive  said  had  they  bin  Sent  to 
Sooner  it  might  have  Prevented  the  Late  Mischief,  and  Aded 
that  an  interview  with  the  Arsaguntacooks  woowenoks  and 
others  might  Set  all  Right  againe. 

the  Inhabitants  in  this  River  are  many  of  them  Returning 
to  their  houses,  Relying  on  the  Repeated  Declarations  of  the 
Indians  to  me,  that  they  Shall  be  Safe  there. 

the  Ten  men  inlisted  by  your  Honours  directions  to  me 
(being  inhabitants  Expect  to  be  dismist  when  the  month 
Ends  that  they  may  then  Return  to  their  Plantations. 

I  am  your  Honours  Most  obedient  Humble  Serv1 

Jabez  Bradbury 

Letter,  Secry  Willard  to  Phinehas  Stevens. 


The  General  Court  having  desired  his  Honour  the  Lieut. 
Govr  to  send  a  Lett1  by  Express  to  the  Govern1  of  Canada  to 
demand  the  Restoration  of  the  English  Prisoners  lately  taken 
in  the  Eastern  Parts  with  other  Matters  of  Importance,  His 
Honr  &  the  Council  desire  you  to  proceed  to  Canada  on  this 
Affair  as  soon  as  possible  &  depend  upon  it  that  you  will  set 
out  without  delay  lest  the  Season  for  passing  by  Water  shd 
be  lost.  You  have  herewith  enclosed  the  Lieuten1  Govern" 
Letter  to  the  Govr  of  Canada  wth  yre  Passport;  And  the 
Bearer  of  this  will  deliver  you  X25  lawful  Money  in  Dollars 
Wcb  is  advanced  towards  the  defraying  your  Charges  &  the 


Charges  of  such  Person  as  you  shall  engage  to  accompany 
you  in  this  Business  which  you  are  allowed  to  do.  You 
must  stay  in  Canada  till  the  Govern1,  give  you  Dispatch  with 
a  Passport  for  yre  Safeguard  in  your  return  home. 

You  have  herewith  enclosed  a  Copy  of  the  Lieut.  Gov" 
Letter  to  the  Govr  of  Canada ;  Wch  may  be  of  Service  in  yre 
transact  the  Affairs  &  you  must  not  by  any  means  let  it  be 
known  that  you  have  such  Copy. 

When  the  Money  above  mentioned  is  delivered  you,  you 
must  give  the  Bearer  two  Receipts  of  the  same  Tenor  &  Date 
One  for  his  own  Security  &  the  other  for  mine. 

Letter,  SecV  Willard  to  Capt.  Phins  Stevens   Oct.  15,  1750 


For  your  Information  referring  to  the  Prisoners  taken 
lately  by  the  Indians  in  our  Eastern  Parts,  I  am  to  acquaint 
you  That  five  Men  two  Women  &  seven  Children  were  taken 
at  Swan  Island  on  Kennebeck  River  the  Name  of  the  Man 
whose  Family  was  taken  is  Whitten  the  Man  him  self  &  his 
Wife  escaped ;  The  Indians  also  took  two  men  from  Sheeps- 
cot,  viz.  William  Ross  &  his  Son  &  one  Young  Man  on  the 
Back  of  Casco  Bay,  whose  Name  is  Webb. 

I  am  directed  by  the  Council  further  to  instruct  you  that 
you  must  use  your  Endeavours  that  the  Charge  of  the  Pris- 
on" should  be  born  by  the  Governor  of  Canada ;  But  if  you 
cannot  effect  that,  You  Must  supply  your  self  with  Necessa- 
ries for  their  Journey  in  as  frugal  a  Manner  as  may  be,  upon 
the  Credit  of  this  Governm* 

Your  humble  Servant 
Boston  Octobr  15,  1750.  J  Willard 

To  Cpl  Phineas  Stevens 


Letter,  Secrv  Willard  to  Gov.  Wm  Shirley  1750 


I  have  recd  two  Letters  from  your  Excy  Dated  the  16th  & 
26th  of  October  last.  In  the  first  you  are  pleased  to  propose 
my  supplying  you  with  a  Number  of  Dollars  out  of  the  pub- 
lick  Moneys  sent  hither  from  Gl  Britain  to  reimburse  this 
Province  their  Charge  in  reducing  Cape  Breton,  &  for  my 
taking  your  Bills  in  Exchange  for  it :  I  should  have  been 
glad  it  were  in  my  Power  to  assist  yre  Excy  in  any  proper 
way  under  yre  Difficulties;  But  the  State  of  the  Case  (of 
which  I  suppose  you  are  not  acquainted  with  )  is  this ;  By 
Act  of  the  Assembly  this  Money  was  directed  into  the  Hands 
of  the  Province  Treasurer,  &  was  accordingly  consigned  to 
him  from  Great  Britain ;  And  it  was  apprehended  by  the 
Council  to  be  so  entirely  under  his  Care  &  Custody  till  the 
General  Court  should  give  further  Order  about  it  that  they 
did  not  think  it  proper  to  direct  it  to  be  lodged  in  any  other 
Place  than  the  Treasurers  house  tho  they  judged  that  not  to 
be  the  safest  Place.  The  Matter  being  thus  Circumstanced 
Your  Excellency  will  excuse  me  that  I  did  not  think  it  proper 
for  me  to  interpose  in  this  Affair.  But  I  am  glad  to  under- 
stand that  your  Excy  is  otherwise  well  supplied. 

As  to  the  two  French  Men  mentioned  in  your  other  Letter, 
after  their  Examination  before  me  &  the  Council,  they  pro- 
fess'd  themselves  to  be  Protestants  &  that  their  Design  was 
to  settle  in  this  Province  &  that  they  were  ready  to  take  the 
Oaths  of  Fidelity  to  his  Majesty ;  And  thereupon,  I  got  the 
French  Minister  in  this  Town  to  examine  them  touching  their 
Religion  which  he  had  done,  &  has  returned  a  Certificate 
that  he  verily  believes  them  to  be  true  Protes18 

The  Treaty  between  Commissioners  for  this  Governm1  & 
the  Eastern  Indians  is  now  concluded,  Wherein  they  have 
made  their  Submission  to  his  Majesty  as  in  former  Treaties ; 


And  I  herewith  inclose  three  printed  Copies  of  the  sd  Treaty 
to  your  Excy. 

The  Officer  sent  by  Govern1  Shirley  to  Canada  to  demand 
the  English  Captives  is  not  yet  returned,  so  that  I  cann't 
expect  him  till  the  Lakes  be  so  frozen  as  to  make  it  safe 
passing  on  the  Ice.  When  he  returns  or  any  Advices  shall 
arrive  referring  to  the  Effect  of  his  Negotion  I  shall  inform 
yr  Excy  thereof. 

Letter,  Secry  Willard  to  Sr  W"1  Pepperrell 

Boston  Octor  19.  1750 

I  have  had  the  Honr  to  receive  your  Lett1  by  the  last  Post ; 
which  I  shd  have  acknowledged  before  now ;  but  I  could  not 
find  any  Opportunity  to  lay  it  before  the  Lieut.  Govern1  & 
Council  till  this  Day.  After  I  had  read  it,  &  that  Matter 
contained  in  the  Letter  was  discoursed  of,  I  desired  their 
Orders  respecting  an  Answer  But  as  the  Affair  has  a  more 
immediate  Relation  to  the  Gen1  Court  &  their  Session  not 
being  at  a  great  Distance,  the  Board  declined  acting  upon  it. 
I  heartily  congratulate  My  Lady  Pepperil  &  you  upon  your 
safe  Arrival  &  hope  to  have  the  Pleasure  of  seeing  you  in 
Town  the  next  Month :  With  mine  and  my  Wifes  humble 
Service  to  your  good  Lady  I  am 

Sir  Your  most  obed*  Humble  Serv1 
Sir  Wm  Pepperrell 

Letter,  Phinehas  Stevens  to  Ll   Orov.  Phips 

N°  4  ye  23d  Octr  1750 
May  it  please  your  Hon1 

I  Recd  your  Honrs  Letter  to  the  Governer  of  Canada  ye 
22d  Instant  &  at  the  Same  time  I  Recd  your  Hon18  passport 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  109 

and  Instructions  from  the  Secretary  whereby  I  find  that  I 
am  appointed  to  proceed  with  the  Same  Directly  to  Canada. 

I  am  Disposd  to  go  as  Soon  as  possible  but  winter  being  so 
Near  &  the  Affair  so  Unexpected  It  will  Require  sum  time  to 
prepare  My  Self  for  such  a  fateagueing  Journey,  and  having 
a  Direct  Oppertunity  by  Liev*  Isaac  Parker  I  thought  it 
might  not  be  Amiss  (while  I  am  a  fixing  my  Self)  to  Let 
your  Honr  know  my  Disposition,  and  as  the  Season  is  so  far 
Advancd  that  the  bennefit  of  going  by  water  will  be  very 
Uncertain  &  if  it  fails  there  will  be  no  Crossing  the  Lake  till 
the  Latter  end  of  Jany  for  the  French  have  told  me  that  they 
Dont  Look  upon  it  Safe  Crossing  Upon  the  Ice  till  that  time 
I  thought  I  would  venter  to  beg  Leave  to  propose  to  your 
Honr  whether  it  Might  not  Answer  all  Intents  &  purposes  as 
well  to  Defer  the  Matter  till  that  time  when  the  Journey 
may  Undoubtedly  be  perform'1  with  Less  Charge  and  more 
Safty  for  then  I  Can  proceed  Directly  to  Canada  and  Return 
as  Soon  as  I  git  my  Dispach  but  If  I  go  now  the  Season  of 
the  year  will  oblige  me  to  Stay  a  Long  time  in  their  Country 
which  will  be  very  Disagreeable  to  the  French. 

I  should  be  very  willing  If  it  might  Answer  as  well  not  to 
set  out  till  ye  begining  of  Feb7  if  not  I  will  proceed  and  do 
the  best  I  Can. 

I  Remain  your  Hon18  Obedient  Serv* 

Phinehas  Stevens 

Certificate  "  New   Town  granted  at  the  head  of  the   Town    of 
Berwick.  "     Dec.  13,  1750. 

This  May  Certifie  the  Great  and  General  Court  that  Pur- 
suant to  their  Vote  pass'd  in  General  Court  in  their  Sessions 
in  May    Last  past  Relating  to  the  Settlement  of  the  New 


Towns  in  the  Province  for  Thirty  Years  last  past  and  therein 
Ordered  the  Clerks  of  the  Several  Towns  Lodge  in  the 
Secretaris  Office  attested  Copies  of  Such  Grants  with  an 
Accompt  of  the  Names  of  the  Persons  who  have  and  who 
have  not  fullfild  the  Conditions  of  the  Same  these  are  to 
Certifie  the  General  Court  that  the  New  Town  Granted  at 
the  head  of  the  Town  of  Berwick  within  the  County  of  York 
there  is  settled  fourteen  Famalej's  namely  ( Nathan  Lord 
Josiah  Chandler  Ebenezar  Moulton  Tobias  Leighton  Ichabod 
Goodwin  Caleb  Blodget  John  Lord  Christpor  Bradberry 
Richard  Cutt  Junr  James  Frost  Joseph  Sayward  Barsam 
Allien  Elisha  Hill  Samuel  Came  Esqr  and  many  more  of  the 
Proprietors  have  Cleard  their  Lands  and  Built  their  Houses 
thereon  and  Settling  Very  fast  and  have  ben  at  Vast  Charge 
in  Clearing  Ways  and  Building  Bridges  in  Said  Town  and 
in  getting  of  Meeting  House  Timber  to  Build  a  Meeting 
House  which  was  Burnt  with  fire  and  the  Proprietors  are 
about  building  another  and  as  it  is  well  known  to  the  Great 
and  General  Court  Warrs  and  Roumers  of  Warrs  has  much 
hendred  and  Backwarded  the  Settlements  of  the  New  Towns 
Granted  by  General  Court  Sum  years  past  which  has  Greatly 
hendred  the  Settlement  of  the  Town  at  the  head  of  Berwick 
it  lyeing  much  Exposed  and  in  the  Rainge  of  the  Indian 
Enemy  but  if  it  Should  plese  God  that  Peace  Should  Con- 
tinue, the  above  said  Town  will  be  soon  settled  notwithstand- 
ing it  has  meet  with  such  Disepointments  and  the  said 
Proprietors  Humbley  pray  the  Great  and  Generals  Courts 
favour  for  time  past  they  not  Complying  in  full  with  the 
Conditions  of  the  Gener118  Courts  Grant  herewith  Committed 
this  in  Behalf  of  the  Proprietos  of  the  above  said  Town  and 
Remain  the  Great  and  General  Courts 
Duitefull  and  Humble  Servant 

Berwick  13th  Decembr  1750 

y   126 


Province  Massachusetts  for  Goods  bought  &  Consign'd  ye 
several  Truckmasters 

1749  Dr. 

July  4th  To  Provn  Bills  pd  for  Blankets ") 

&  Shirts  gave  6  of  ye  Penob- 

scott  &  3  of  ye  Narrigawalk 

To  Ditto  pd  for  sundrys  Consd 

Bradbury  21 0?  9 

To  Ditto  pd  for  sundrys  Consd 

Lithgow  1273     2     1 

7  To   Ditto  pd  Rob1  Hill    for  20 

Baggs  for  Use  of  ye   Indian 

Trade  S  20/  20 

pd  D°  for  Carting  J 

300  bushells  Corn  [  15 

S  12d  ) 

pd  Lane  for  measurg 

D°  3  2d  2  10 

pd  Sam1  Bridgham"^ 

105  yards  Cloth  9  f39     7     6 

7/6  for  sacks  •* 

pd  Jn°  Bulfinch  for  \ 

making  12  Feather  )     " 

Sacks  g  Note 

86     1     6 

Septemr  27       To  D°  paid  Box  &  Austin  for 

Coil  of  Spunyarn  for  Packing  8  18     7 

October  27       To    D°  paid   for    Sundrys  con- 
sign'd Bradbury  2602     7     5 
To  D°   paid  for  Sundrys  Con- 
sign'd Lithgow  2543     6  11 
To  D°  pd  Wm  Bowdoin  1  Scale 
Beam                            6     7  6 




July  4th 

October  27 

Novemr  2 
January  29 
March  20 



o  1   «d 

^pd  Jn°  Daken  for 
Adjusting  D°       2 

pd  Joseph  Scott  for 

weights  11  12  6 

pd  Increase  Blake 

for  fitting  D°        7  16  6 


pd   Jn°   Durant 
Cleansing  Hatchets  1  10 
pd  Jn°  Popkins  D° 

Traps   &c  9  13 

pd  Thos    Hubbard 
Esqr2  brass  Cocks  3     6 

42     5     6 

£8789     2~~9 

Carried  Over 

By  Province  Bills  recd  of  Treas- 
urer g  Warrant  for  Presents 
made  9  Indians 
By  Jabez  Bradbury  g  Invoice 
By  William  Lithgow  g   d° 
By  William  Lithgow  g  d° 
By    Jabez    Bradbury  g  d° 
By  William  Lithgow   g  d° 
By  Jabez    Bradbury    g  d° 
By  Jonathan  Bean      g  d° 
By  Provn  Bills  red  of  Ja8  Lamb 
for   7  1-2    oz    Goldthread    & 
twist   return'd    from   Indian 
Trade  a  3  ..  10  /  g  oz 




14     9 


12     8 


14     2 


2  10 






13  10 

26     5 

April  11 

By  William  Lithgow  g  Invoice      2121     8     2 

By  Jabez  Bradbury  g  d°                  2911     2     4 

£17064  11     9 

Carried  Over 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  113 

1749  Dr. 

To  sum  Brought  Over  8789     2     9 

Octobr  27th       To    Provn    Bills    pcl  for   sund?8 

Cons'1  Lithgow  216  13 

Decemr  31        To  D°  pd  for  sundrys  consign'd 

Bradbury  633  8 

Janu*  29  To  D°  pd  Rob1  Hill  for  10  Baggs 

for  Use  of  Truckhouses  §)  25/        12  10 
Febry  19  To  D°  pd  for  sundrys  Consign'd 

Bean  677  16  10 

1750  To  D°  pd  for  sundrys  Consign'd 

April  6  Lithgow  1897     9     6 

To  D°  for  sundrys  Consign'd 
Bradbury  2569     8     8 

11  To  D°  pd  Rob*  Hill  for 

Carting  Corn  27  16     8 

pd  Jn°  Bulfinch  for 
mak«  Sacks  9  10 

p'1    ThoR    Hubbard 
for  sundrys  g   N1       5 

42       6     8 

To  Jabez  Bradbury  for  12  Sword 

Blades  return'd  §)  25/  15 

25  To  Pro  Bills  pd  for  sundrys  Con- 

sign'd Bean  159  15     8 

26  To  D°  paid  for  Sundrys    Con- 

sign'd D°  144     9     6 

May  15  To  D°  paid  for  Sundrys  Con- 

sign'd Bradb>-  2934  14  10 

To    D°   paid  for  sundrys  Con- 
sign'd Lithgow  2760     4     7 

To  Wm  Lithgow  for  80  Strings 

Wampum  &  7  Beaver  Traps       118  10 





April  25 
May    18 

To  Pro  Bills  pd  Isaac 
Gridley  for  Spunyarn 
for  Packing  Beaver  9  12     6 
pd  Treat  for  1  Forge 
Vice  12 

pd  R  Hill  for  Cart- 
ing  Com  7  10 

29     2     6 

To  Ditto  paid  Jn°  Wheelwright 
for  hire  of  Stores  for  Indian 


22200     4     6 
To  Stock  for  Balla  Carry'd  there     1449  10     8 

By  Sum  Brought  Over 
By  Jonathan  Bean  g  Invoice 
By  Jonathan  Bean  g  D° 
By  William  Lithgow  g  D° 
By  Jabez  Bradbury  g  D° 

£23649  15 



17064  11 


167  10 

143  17 


3093  11 


3180  4 

23649  15 


Peltry  received  from  the  Several  Truckmasters 
1749  Dr. 

October  7th      To    Wm     Lithgow    for    sundry 

Furrs  p  Inv°  391  11     6 

To    Jabez    Bradbury    for  D°  g 

Invoice  585  10     6 

December  4     To  Jabez    Bradbuiy   for  D°   g 

Invoice  1387  11 

To  Wm  Lithgow  for  D°  g  Invoice     1099     6 9 

£3463  19     9 
Carried  Over 




October  13 

By  Province  Bills  recd  Downe 
Baxter  &  Grant  66 21  Feathers 

a  io/6 

rec  of  Stinpson  for  15  otters 
§)  £3  45 

16  D°  S  37/  29  12 


347  11 

5  D°  Damag'd  20/ 


3  Minks  d°  a  10/ 



5  Martins  a  20/ 


2  Mid*  Bears  28/ 



4  D°  a  25/ 


recd  of  Calef  for  7 

Siel  Skins  a  2/6 

17     6 

2  Ditto  a  10/ 


1-2  Moose 


4     6 

1  Bear  damag'd 
recd  of  Sundry   per- 


sons  viz 

262  Spring  Beaver 

a  45/ 



25  Fall  Ditto  a  30/ 



20  Stage  Ditto  a  20/ 


40  Musquash  3  4/ 


1  Rackoon 



By  Provn  Bills  recd 
of  Sundry  Per- 
sons viz* 

17  Spring  Beaver 

a  45/ 



24  Fall  Ditto  a  30/ 


202  1-2  Stage  a  20 



Decemr  12 

By  Pro  Bills  recd 

93  18 

3  10 

655  12 



of  Sundry   per- 
sons viz* 

2841  Feathers  §11 0/6  149     2 

717  1-2  fall  Beaver 

§130/  1076     5 

1  Moose  3 

21  Stage  Beaver  S 
20/  21 

440  Musquash  §14/      88 

6  Rackoons,   ordi- 
nary §19/  2  14 

12  1-2  Spring  Beaver 

§)  45/  28     2 

6     1368     3     6 

£2745     9 


Carried  Over 



To  sum  Brought  Over 

3463  19 


March  20 

To  Jabez  Bradbury  for 


Furs  g  Invoice 

2414  12 

£5878  12 


Carried  Over 



By  Sum  brought  over 

1745     9 


De€emr  12th 

By  Pro.  Bills  of  Wendel  Downe 

Simpson  &  Co. 

40  Otters  Si  65/ 


40  D°  a  52/ 


33  D°  §1  37/ 



20  Martins  §1  20/ 


6  Ditto  §1  16/ 



10  Foxes  §1  27/ 



2  Fishers  §1  60/ 


44  Minks  §1  14/6 





January  29' 

March  23d 

April  3 

recd  of    sundry 

17  Ditto  a  8 
By    Pro    Bills 

4161-2lbs  Fall  Beaver  S 

30/  624  15 

5761  D°  ordinary  a  22/6    648 
941  Stage  a  20/  94 

273  D°  ordinary  S  15/    204 
20  Ordinary  Musquash 


4  D°  Fishers  S  30/       

6  16       378     1 

By  Pro  Bills  recd  of  sun- 
dry Persons 
8611  Feathers  a  12/         516  12 

150  Spring  Beaver  a  45/ 337  10 
1651  Fall  D°  a  30/  247  10 

5  Rackoons  3  12/  3 

45  Musquash  3  4/  9 

60  Ottors  a  65/  195 
16  Red  Foxes  a  27/  21  12 
1  Black  ditto  2 
82  Minks  a  14/6                59     9 
1  Fisher  3 
1  Catt                                    1  10 
By  Province  Bills  recd 

of  sundry  Persons 
613  1-2U  Spring  Beaver 

45/  1380     7     6 

396  Fall  D°  a  30/     594 

61  Stage  D°  a  20/        _6 1980     7     6 

Carried  Over  8079     1 

1396     3 


To  Sum  brought  Over 


5878  12 


May  6  To    Jabez    Bradbury  for  sundy 

Furrs  g  Inv°  1812  6 

To    Wm    Lithgow    for    sundry 

Furrs  g  d°  2791     2       6 

10481  15 



To  Stock  for  Ballance  Carr'd  there 

3468  10 


13950     5 




By  sum  brought  over 

8079     1 

May  12th 

By  Pro    Bills,    recd    of 

sundry  Persons 
7121  Feathers  9  12/        427 
10621  Spring  Beaver  a 

45/                              1389 


41 1-2  Fall  ditto  a  30/      62 


2878  19 


By  Ditto,  received  for 


320  Spring  Beaver  a  45/  720 
16  Rackoons  §)  15/  12 

56  Musquash  §14/  11     4       743     4 

By    Province    Bills    of 

sundry  Persons  Viz1 

2561  Spring    Beaver   S 



221  Fall  d°  a  30/ 


12  Rackoons  a  15/ 


44  Musquash  a  4/ 

8  16 

By  D°  of  Wendel,  Downe, 

Simpson  &  Gushing 

220  Martins  a  20/ 


10  D°  ordinary  a  12/ 


16  Red  Foxes  a  27/ 

21  12 

4  D°  ordinary  a  15/ 


4  D°  Grizzle  a  55/ 


626  16 



















4  D°  ordinary  §1  30/ 
68  Minks  S  14/ 
48  D°  ordinary  §1  9/6 

5  D°  hurt  S  5/ 
31  Ottors  a  65/ 

1  D°  tainted 

2  Catts  §1  27/ 
9  Fishers  51  60/ 

3  Bears  §1  45/ 
By  Pro  Bills  recd  of  sun- 
dry Persons  Viz1 

446  1-2  Spring  Beavr  S 

45/  1004  12 

421  ditto  ordinary 

S  30/  63 

22  Fall  Beaver  a  30/  33 
38  D°  ordinary  a  20/  38 
3  Rackoons  8  15/  2     5 

21  Musquash  a  4/  4     4 

477     4 

1145     1     6 

£13950     5     6 
Stock  for  a  Trade  with  the  Indians 
1746  Dr. 

To  Joseph  Kellogg  for  his  Acco1 
of  Treating  Indians  &c  allow'd 
him  g  order  of  His  Excelly  & 
Council—  78  18     1 

To  John  Dennis  for  allowance 
made  him  g  Petition  to  ye  Gener1 
Assembly  94 

To  Jn°  Oulton  for  sundry  Indian 
Debts,  Pawns,  &  other  Articles 
Return'd  269     4     9 

To  Josiah  Willard  for  what  ad- 
vanc'd  in  Excha,  between  small 

June  10th 

Septemr  11 

July  31 

Febra*  23 



arms,  Patarraroes  &  swivels  g 




To  John  Noyes  for  what  allowed 

June  8 

him  g  Petition  to  ye    General 


116  13 


Jami*  20th 

To  Ditto  for  a  Loss  sustain'd  on 
Blankets,  being  Rat  eaten,  and 

Leakage  of  Mint  water 

16     8 

631     4 



To  New  Acco1  for  Ballance  fur- 

May 31 

ther  to  Accompt  for                   21041  19 


£21674     4 


Boston  May 

31st  1750 


Excepted                              g  J°  Wheelwright 

May  28th 

Novemr  28 

May  9th 

July  4 

Octobr  27 

April  6 
May  31 

By  old  Accompt  for  Balla  ren- 
dered the  General  Assembly 
this  day 

By  Pro  Bills  recd  of  J.  Bradbury 
for  3  Wolf  Traps  §)  50/ 

By  Scarlet  Broad  Cloth  sold 
belonging  to  ye  Trade  being 
part  of  what  returned 

By  Province  Bills  recd  of  Treas- 
urer g  Warrant  for  Carrying 
on  ye  Trade 

By  Sundrys  return'dfrom  Truck- 
houses  at  leasing  of  ye  Trade, 
&  sent  ye  several  Truckmrs 
upon  opening  ye  same 

By  sundrys  return'd  from  D°  and 
sent  as  above 

By  Pro  Massachusetts  for  Bal- 


13324     6     4 

7  10 

9  12 



174  15 


lance  of  that  acco1 
gain'd  1449  10     8 

By  Peltry  for  Bal- 
lance  of  that  ace1 

gain'd  3468  10     3     4918         11 

Septemr  21,  1750.  £21674     4     3 

Examined  the  within  Acco1  and  the  Ballance  due  from  Jn° 
Wheelwright,  the  Officer,  for  managing,  the  Indian  Trade, 
which  he,  is  further  to  Accompt  for,  is  Twenty  One  thousand, 
&  forty  two  Pounds  19/7a  Old  Tenor 

£21042  19     7  T.  Hubbard  g  Order 

Letter,  Joseph  da  badis  de  Sl  Castin  to  Lieut.  Gov.  PJiips 
Jan'J  1750 

Monsieur  [  Jai  1  honeur  de  vous  ecrire  ]  de  vous 
assurer  que  ie  nes  pa  peu  an  pechi  les  Sauuage  de  S4 
fransoi  E  de  be  quan  cour  qui  ont  fait  Cou  sur  vous  ce  lotone 
ges  fait  mon  possible  pour  leur  an  pecher  a  ves  nossauvage 
de  panavauke  ges  fau  an  pechi  e  coutes  a  cosse  que  ga  ves 
point  prit  des  arme  de  contre  vous  autre  las  derniere  gaire  ni 
les  autre  gaire  ie  suit  bien  es  vous  faire  scavoire  que  ie  pran- 
dre  poin_  des  arme  de  contre  vous  autre  Sy  vous  a  ves  gaire 
a  ves  les  Sauuage  E  fransoix  cy  vous  vous  les  ma,  Corder  las 
de  mende  que  ie  vous  fait  de  vous  soire  bien  me  les  ces  libre 
dan  che  moy  e  mem  de  vous  soire  bien  me  donner  un  Sauve 
garde  Sin  nes  de  toute  vostre  conseille  a  fin  que  ie  puit  Etre 
sur  ie  puit  vous  assurres  que  ges  fait  mon  possible  pour 
meinteiner  las  pai  antre  nous  je  signis  a  ves  du  respec 

Je  suit  Vostre  e  tres  humble  e  tres  aub6yssanc  Serviteur 
Joseph  da  badis  de  Sl  Castin 
Jy  ioscer  de  vous  de  mendere  credit  a  vos  messieux  ce  qu 
fournis  au  fore  Sl  gor  un  petibattimen  de  15  ou  16  tonnot  e 


a  ves  une  petit  Cargaisson  pour  ce  pren  tant  pour  aller  char 
chere  du  Castor  e  dautre  peltri  du  Cottes  de  leste  au  tre 
mendis  a  los  riviere  Sl  Jean  pour  vostre  gauve  ne  men  *  Si 
vous  vous  les  ma  Corder  cette  demende  Je  vous  prit  de  vous 
soire  bien  me  randre  reponce  au  f ranees  vous  aubligeres  vostre 

"  Committee  on  Sl  Casteens  Letter" 

In  the  House  of  Repvea  Jan?  24,  1750 
Ordered  that  Judge  Russell  Cap1  Shirtleff  and  Cap*  Bragdon 
with  such  as  the  Honble  Board  shall  Joyn  be  a  Commee  to 
take  the  Letters  of  S4  Casteen,  Sebooset  and  Kehoret  Louis 
son  under  Consideration  and  Report  what  they  Judge  proper 
for  this  Court  to  do  thereon. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence.  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council,  Jan.  24  ;  Read  &  Concur'd  ;  And  John  Wheel- 
wright &  Thomas  Hutchinson  Esqrs  are  joined  in  the  Affair. 

J  Willard  Secry 

Report  of  Committee. 

The  Committee  appointed  to  take  under  Consideration  the 
Letters  of  Casteen,  Sebouset  &ca  having  attended  the  Service, 
are  humbly  of  Opinion,  That  it  may  be  convenient  for  his 
Honour  the  Lieutenant  Governour  by  a  Letter  to  Casteen  to 
invite  him  to  Boston  and  to  assure  him  of  Protection  &  Safety 
on  his  Passage  from  Penobscot  to  Boston,  &untill  his  Return 
to  Penobscot,  &  that  his  Honour  with  the  Advice  of  the 
Council  endeavour  to   engage  him  in  the    Interest    of    the 

*  These  five  words,  meaning  for  your  government,  are  omitted  in  the 


English,  by  such  ways  &  means  as  may  consist  with  the 
Honour  of  the  Government,  but  not  to  comply  with  his  Pro- 
posal of  furnishing  a  Vessel  &  Goods  without  the  Consent  of 
the  whole  Court  —  The  Committee  are  further  of  Opinion, 
That  there  be  allowed  to  Louis's  Son  Four  Pounds  to  be 
taken  out  of  the  Truck  Trade,  as  a  Token  of  the  Esteem  of 
the  Governm*  not  only  for  his  own  Declaration  of  Friend- 
ship, but  the  many  Instances  of  his  Fathers  good  Affection 
to  us.     All  which  is  humbly  submitted 

J°  Wheelwright  g  order 

In  Council  Jany  25,  1750.     Read  and  Sent  down 

In  the  House  of  Repves  Jan?  30,  1750.     Read  and  Ordered 
that  this  Report  be  Accepted. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  Jany  30,  1750     Read  and  Concur'd 

J  Willard  Secry 
Consented  to  S  Phi  [is 

Letter,  Joseph  da  badis  de  Sl  Castin  to  Ll  Gov.  Phips 
"  Jany  25,  1750/51 " 

[  Translation  ] 
I  do  my  self  the  Honour  to  write  to  you  to  assure  you  that 
I  could  not  hinder  the  Indians  of  the  S*  Francois  &  Becan- 
cour  who  made  a  descent  upon  you  this  Fall.  I  did  all  I 
could  to  hinder  them  with  our  Indians  of  Panavauke.  I 
would  have  hindred  them  from  doing  you  Mischief.  I  was 
not  heard,  because  I  had  not  taken  up  Arms  against  you  in 
the  last  War,  nor  in  former  Wars,  I  am  glad  to  assure  you 
that  I  will  not  take  up  Arms  against  you,  if  you  have  a  War 
with  the  Indians  and  French  If  you  will  please  to  grant  me 
what  I  ask  that  you  will  please  to  leave  me  at  Liberty  where 
I  am  and  likewise  to  give  me  a  Protection  sign'd  by  all  your 


Council  that  I  may  be  secure.     I  can  assure  you  I  have  done 
all  in  my  Power  to  maintain  the  Peace  between  us. 

I  conclude  with  Respect,  I  am  your  most  humble,  and 
most  obedient  Servant 

Joseph  da  badis  de  Sl  Castin 

If  I  might  be  so  bold  I  would  desire  to  be  trusted  by  the 
Gentlemen  who  supply  fort  S*  George,  with  a  small  Vessel  of 
15  or  16  Tons  and  a  small  Cargo  this  Spring  to  go  a  trading 
for  Beaver  &  other  Furs  along  the  eastern  Coast,  otherwise  to 
the  River  S1  John.  If  you  will  grant  me  this  Request.  I  beg 
you  would  send  me  an  Answer  in  French.  You  will  oblige 
your  Ser*  &c 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Representves 

Agreable  to  your  desire,  I  sent  his  Excellency  Governour 
Cornwallis  a  Copy  of  the  Declaration  of  Elisha  Davis, 
respecting  the  Designs  of  the  French  &  Indians  against 
Checanecto  ;  and  I  have  now  receiv'd  two  Letters  from  him 
upon  that  Subject ;  which  he  desires  I  would  lay  before  you  : 
And  accordingly  I  now  communicate  them  to  you. 

And  I  must  earnestly  recommend  to  you  the  serious  Con- 
sideration of  the  Contents  of  those  Letters ;  In  which  Gov- 
ernour Cornwallis  has  in  the  most  convincing  light  set  forth 
the  great  Dependance  this  Province  has  for  its  Safety  on  the 
Preservation  of  Nova  Scotia,  especially  that  Part  of  it  that 
lies  upon  or  near  the  Bay  of  Fundy ;  For  if  the  French  should 
make  a  strong  Settlement  on  the  South  Coast  in  those  Parts, 
and  thereby  gain  a  nearer  Communication  with  the  Indians 
on  our  Frontiers,  &  have  the  Opportunity  of  supplying  them 
with  Warlike  Stores,  and  other  things  The  Probability  in 
that  Case  of  the  whole  Province  of  Main  as  well  as  the  Lands 
between  that  &  the  River  of  S*  Croix,  being  soon  swallow'd 
up  by  the  French,  is  obvious  to  every  Considerate  Person ; 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  125 

And  the  danger  of  this  Event  seems  more  apparent,  from  the 
open  and  unreasonable  Challenge  of  the  French  to  the  whole 
Sea  Coast  from  Kennebeck  River  to  the  Head  of  the  Bay  of 
Fundy,  a  great  Part  of  which  is  within  the  Jurisdiction  of 
this  Governm*  - 

I  leave  it  to  you,  Gentlemen,  to  consult  what  may  be 
proper  for  the  Government  to  do  at  this  Juncture  that  may 
have  a  Tendency  to  promote  the  Safety  and  Prosperity  of  the 
Province,  which,  as  I  said  before,  is  much  indangered  by 
these  designs  and  Attempts  of  the  French. 

Council  Chamber  11  Feb*  1750  S  Phips 

In  the  House  of  Repives  Feby  12,  1750 

Read  and  Ordered  that  Mr  Speaker  Mr  Tyng  Judge  Rus- 
sell &  Cap*  Brown  with  such  as  the  Honble  Board  shall  appoint 
be  a  Comee  to  take  this  Messa  and  the  Letters  from  Gov1 
Cornwallis  herein  referd  to  under  Consideration  and  report 
as  soon  as  may  be  what  they  Judge  proper  for  this  Court  to 
do  thereon 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  Febry  12,  1750 

Read  &  Concur'd,  &  Sir  William  Pepperil,  Ezekiel  Chever 
&  Joseph  Pynchon  Esqrs  are  joined  in  the  Affair. 

J  Willard  Secry 


The  Comtee  appointed  to  consider  his  Hon"  Message  of  the 
11th  Instant  respecting  Nova  Scotia  &c  having  considered  ye 
same  with  Governr  Cornwallis's  two  letters  therein  referrd  to, 
are  of  Opinion  that,  the  great  Importance  of  securing  Chig- 
necto  and  the  Bay  of  Fundy  to  the  New  England  settlements, 
Yet  considering  the  Reduced  state  of  this  Province,  A  both 
as  to  its  Inhabitants  &  Money,  by  reason  of  their  readiness 
in  sending  great  numbers  of  their  Men  in  the  Expeditions 


against  Cuba,  Cape  Breton,  and  to  reinforce  Anapolis  in  the 
last  War,  besides  many  more  of  its  Inhabitants  impressed  on 
board  His  Majesties  Ships  of  Warr  and  others  imployed  on 
our  large  Frontiers  for  our  immediate  defence ;  And  ye  no 
small  expence  wee  were  obliged  to  be  at  to  defray  ye  Charge 
thereof  B  and  farther  considering,  that  it  is  highly  probable 
this  Government  will  be  necessitated  to  furnish  many  more 
of  their  Men  in  a  Short  time  for  ye  defence  of  its  frontiers 
against  ye  Incursions  of  their  Enemies  as  Governr  Cornwallis 
informs  he  is  very  apprehensive  off,  The  Comtee  are  humbly 
of  Opinion  that  the  C  Impoverished  state  of  this  Province 
will  not  admitt  that  any  of  its  Inhabitants  be  sent  to  Nova 
Scotia  at  their  own  Charge,  Nor  will  the  Safety  of  this  Prov- 
ince admitt  it  tho  at  the  Charge  of  the  Governor*  there 
which  is  Submitted 

Wm  Pepperrell  by  order  of  the  Comitte 

In  Council  Febry  15,  1750 

Read  &   Ordered  that  this  Report  be  accepted  wth  the 

Sent  down  for  Concurrence  J  Willard  Secry 

A  dele 

B  insert  and  the  Difficulty  of  raising  of  money  at  this 


In  the  House  of  Repves  Feb*  16  1750 

Read  and  Concur'd  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

Letter,  Lf  Gov.  Phips  to  Joseph  de  badis  de  Sl  Castin 

Boston  Feb*  19.  1750/51 

I  have  received  your  Letter  by  Cap.  Bradbury  which  I 
have  communicated  to  the  General  Court  of  this  Province 


And  at  their  Desire  I  now  invite  you  to  come  up  to  Boston 
with  Cpt.  Saunders,  that  so  I  may  discourse  with  you  upon 
the  Contents  of  your  Letter  &  all  other  Matters  that  maj'  be 
thought  conducive  to  continue  &  promote  Peace  between 
this  Governm1  &  the  Indian  Tribes ;  And  you  may  depend 
upon  Protection  &  Safety. 

I  thank  you  for  the  Expressions  of  Friendship  to  the 
English  contained  in  your  Letter  &  hope  you  will  upon  all 
Occasions  act  agreable  to  your  Profession. 

I  remain  Your  Friend  &  Servant 

Letter,  Secrv  Willard  to  Majr  J.  H.  Lydius 

Boston,  March  12,  1750/51 

It  appears  by  a  Letter  from  Cap*  Stevens  to  Col0  Williams 
of  Hatfield  dated  from  your  Truck  house  the  3d  of  Feby  that 
some  Indians  of  the  Sl  Francois  Tribe  had  been  there  &  that 
they  express'd  a  desire  of  living  in  Peace  with  the  English  & 
propos'd  to  come  in  to  our  Fort  this  Spring.  If  you  have 
opportunity  of  seeing  any  of  those  Indians  you  are  desired  to 
encourage  them  to  prosecute  this  their  Intention  &  to  assure 
them  in  the  name  of  this  Governnr4  that  if  they  will  send  to 
Boston  any  persons  impowered  by  their  Tribe  to  treat  with 
us  they  may  depend  not  only  on  safeguard  and  full  Protec- 
tion, from  their  coming  upon  our  Frontiers  until  their  Return 
home  but  also  upon  a  friendly  Reception  at  Boston  &  kind 
treatment  while  they  remain  here.  If  you  can  see  none  of 
those  Indians  your  self  you  are  desired  to  write  or  send  a 
Verbal  Message  to  them  or  to  Cap*  Stevens  by  him  to  be 
communicated  to  the  above  purpose :  And  it  must  be  left  to 
your  prudence  to  conduct  the  Business  in  the  best  manner, 


so  as  if  possible  to  prevent  the  Designs  being  known  to  the 
French  who  no  doubt  will  be  concern'd  to  defeat  it.  It 
appears  to  be  the  easiest  travel  for  that  Tribe  to  come  into 
the  Fort  at  Richmond  or  Georges  from  whence  they  may  be 
transported  to  Boston  by  Water  but  if  they  are  fond  of  com- 
ing in  to  the  Westward  it  will  be  best  not  to  cross  their 

I  write  this  by  Order  of  his  Honour  the  L1  Governor  & 
the  Council  &  am 

Sir  Your  humble  Servant  J  Willard 

Majr  John  Henry  Lydius 

Message      April  2,  1751. 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Represves 

Information  having  been  given  to  me  &  his  Majesty's 
Council  in  the  Recess  of  the  Court  by  Mr  Richard  Hazen, 
that  the  French  were  making  Settlements  upon  a  River  called 
Le  Chock  about  five  Leagues  Eastward  of  Penobscot  River, 
The  Council  advised  me  to  send  some  proper  Persons  to  make 
Discovery  of  the  said  Settlements,  if  any  such  there  be,  as 
you  will  find  by  the  Messages  of  Council  accompanying  this 
Message ;  But  Captn  Bradbury,  who  was  to  be  entrusted  with 
this  Business  not  having  had  a  Passage  home  to  Sl  Georges 
River,  The  Method  designed  for  discovery  is  not  yet  put  in 

Therefore  I  desire  you  would  consider  the  Matter,  &  give 
me  your  Advice  thereon  as  soon  as  may  be. 

Council  Chamber  2  April  1751  S  Phips 

In  the  House  of  Repves  April  2  1751 

Read  and  Ordered  that  Col  Hinsdale  Mr  Bayley  &  Col° 
Buckminster  with  such  as  the  Honble  Board  shall  Joyn  be  a 

OF    THE    STATE    OF    MAESTE  129 

Commee  to  take  the  Messa  under  consideration  and    report 
thereon.     The  Comm*  to  Sit  forthwith. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  April  2d  1751     Read  &  Concur'd  &  John  Hill 
&  James  Minot  Esq™  are  Joined  in  the  Affair. 

Sam1  Holbrook  Dty  Secry 

Message     April  3,  1751. 

Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Repve8 

I  have  received  such  Confirmation  of  the  Intelligence  of 
the  French  setling  at  the  River  Le  Chock,  that  it  appears  to 
me  necessary  to  proceed  further  immediately  than  barely  to 
make  Discovery  of  this  Matter. 

And  therefore  I  would  recommend  to  you  the  making  Pro- 
vision for  Cpt.  Saunders's  Sloop  being  forthwith  sufficiently 
mann'd  arm'd  &  fitted  for  breaking  up  that  Settlement  before 
the  French  there  acquire  more  Strength. 

Council  Chamber  3  April  1751  S  Phips 

Memorial  of  Richard  Hazzen 

To  His  Honr  Spencer  Phipps  Esqr  Lieu*  Govr  and  Com- 
mander in  Chief  To  the  Honourable  the  Council  and  to  the 
Honrble  the  House  of  Representatives  assembled  at  Boston 
April  4th  Anno  Domini  1751. 

The  Memoriall  of  Richard  Hazzen  Humbly  Sheweth 
That  your  Memorialist  did  in  the  Months  of  October,  Novem- 
ber &  December  Last,  with  the  utmost  hazzard  &  difficulty 
at  that  inclement  Season  of  the  year  take  a  Survey  of  the 
Sea  Coast  from  the  Mouth  of  Merrimack  River  to  ye  River 


S*  Croix  &  as  far  up  into  the  Country  as  he  possibly  could 
pursuant  to  a  Vote  of  this  Honrble  Court 

That  he  has  compleated  a  Chart  or  Map  thereof  in  the 
most  correct  manner  he  is  able  to  do,  which  he  has  brought 
down  &  now  Lyes  in  the  Council  Chamber. 

Your  Memorialist  now  prays  this  Honourable  Court  to 
Consider  his  Services  &  make  him  a  Reasonable  Allowance, 
&  for  your  Honours  as  in  duty  bound  he  shall  ever  pray 

Richard  Hazzen 

In  the  House  of  Repves  April  5,  1751. 
Read  and  Ordered  that  the  Sum  of  fifty  nine  pounds  Sixteen 
shillings  and  four  pence  be  allowed  the  Mem0  out  of  the  pub- 
lick  Treasury  in  consideration  of  his  services  and  expences 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  April  5,  1751   Read  &  Concur d   J  Willard  Secry 

Consented  to  S.  Phips 

59  16     4 

13     6     8  advanced  before  g  cons1 
46     9     8 

Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay  to  Richard  Hazzen  Dr 
October  1750  To  Sixteen  Days  Service  at       g  Day 
Nov1  To  30  Days  Service  Surveying  at       g  Day 

Decr  To  27  Days  Surveying  &  planning  at       g  Day 

January  To  26  Day8  D° 

Feb:  To  19  Days  D° 

Feb :  22d  To  1  Journey  to  Boston  to  carry  my  plan  & 

waiting  there  7  Days 
To  Drawing  a  2'1  plan  25  Days  at       g  Day 
April  1*  1  Journey  to  Boston  my  time  6  Days  at      g  Day 

16  The  whole  time  156  Days  at  50  Sh  g  Day  390:  00:  0 
30  To  my  Expences  in  my  voyage  Eastward  £  26:  12:  6 
27       To  Cash  paid  a  man  for  going  to  Black 


26  point  for  plans  of  Mr  Small 

19       To  his  Expences 

7       To  cash  paid  a  man  to  go  to  Mr  John 
25  Godsoe  of  Kittery  for  plans 

6       To  his  Expenses 
156       To  Horse  hire  2  journeys  to  Boston 
To  horse  keeping  13  Nights  at 
To  My  Own  Expences  at 

O:  t 
L  :  money         59:  16:  4 













Petition,  £c,  Third  Parish  of  Kittery  April  ty,  1751. 

To  the  Honourable  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Liev*  Governour 
and  Commander  in  chief  in  and  Over  his  Majty8  Province  of 
the  Massachusets  Bay  in  New  England  and  to  the  Honoura- 
ble his  Maj8ty8  Council  and  the  Honourable  House  of  Repre- 
sentatives for  sd  Province  in  General  Court  Assembled  March 
the  27th  1751 

The  Petition  and  Remonstrance  of  the  Inhabitants  of  the 
Third  Parish  in  the  Town  of  Kittery  in  the  County  of  York 
Humbly  Sheweth 

That  whereas  in  ye  Year  of  Our  Lord  1669  a  grant  was 
made  by  ye  sd  Town  of  Kittery  of  one  Hundred  &  fifty  Acres 
of  Land  for  Each  Division  in  sd  Town  in  Some  convenient 
place  or  Places  as  may  be  found  out  by  the  Inhabitants  of 
Each  Division  &  Appropriated  for  ye  use  of  y*  Ministry  for 
Ever;  which  sd  Grant  was  long  since  laid  out  in  the  Lower 
Division  of  sd  Town  Since  called  ye  Lower  Parrish  in  Kittery 
of  which  Your  Petitioners  being  Inhabitants  &  had  an  Equal 
right  with  other  Inhabitants  in  ye  Priviledges  of  ye  same  And 


whereas  in  ye  Month  of  June  last  Your  Petitioners  ware  Set 
off  &  made  a  Distinct  &  Seperate  Parrish  and  Invested  with 
All  ye  Powers  Priviledges  and  Immunities  of  any  Other  Par- 
rish in  this  Province,  And  whereas  Your  Petitioners  before 
ye  Seperation  were  Obliged  by  ye  Major  vote  of  sd  Parrish  to 
pay  their  Proportion  to  ye  Charge  of  Purchasing  a  house  lot 
for  the  Ministry  Near  the  Meeting  House  in  the  Lower  Par- 
rish and  of  Building  a  House  for  the  Ministry  &  a  Barn  Dig- 
ing  a  Well  &  fencing  a  burying  place  with  Stone  wall  Send- 
ing home  the  Bell  Twice  to  England  to  be  New  cast  and 
Diverse  other  Charges  of  which  we  are  Now  Divested  of  any 
right  or  Priviledge  in,  to  the  Amount  of  at  Least  One  Thou- 
sand Pounds  Notwithstanding  all  which  the  Inhabitants  of 
the  sd  first  or  Lower  Parrish  have  in  a  Preposterous  and 
Clandestine  Manner  Entred  upon  the  first  Mentioned  Grant 
Appropriated  for  the  Use  of  the  Ministry  broke  over  ye  Line 
Settled  by  this  Court  and  hastily  Erected  a  fence  Enclosing 
the  whole  without  the  knowledge  of  Your  Petitioners  till  it 
was  done  Intending  to  Divest  them  of  their  Just  rights  and 
Priviledges  the  said  first  Parrish  being  Superior  to  them 
Abundantly  in  Polls  &  Estates  Your  Petitioners  having  been 
at  ye  Expence  of  Errecting  a  Meeting  House  Settleing  and 
Ordaining  a  Minister  without  any  Assistance  from  ye  first 
Parrish  which  they  might  have  Justly  Expected  considering 
what  they  had  done  for  them  in  that  Respect  — 

Your  Petitioners  therefore  Humbly  Supplicate  that  Your 
Honours  would  Interpose  in  their  Affair,  -  Order  that  an 
Equal  right  in  ye  sd  Ministry  Land  be  set  off  to  them  and 
that  the  first  or  Lower  Parrish  refund  and  pay  back  to  them 
their  Proportion  of  what  was  Taken  from  Your  Petitioners 
Towards  Settling  ye  Minister  in  ye  first  Parrish  as  aforesaid 
Or  that  this  Great  &  Honourable  Court  would  in  their 
known  Wisdom  and  Justice  Take  their  Distressing  Circum- 
stances into  consideration  &  Grant  Such  reliefe  in  the  Prem- 



isses  as  to  them  shall  Seem  Meet,  And  Your  Humble  Suppli- 
ants As  in  Duty  bound  Shall  Pray  &ca 

Dated  at  Kittery  in  ye  Middle  Parrish  A  prill  ye  4th  1751 

WIn  Wentvvorth 
Nicoles  Weeks 
Sam1  Haley 
Andrew  Lewis 
Richard  Pope 
Charles  Smith 

John  Hutchins 
John  Shapleigh 
Nathaniel  Leach 
Henry  Benson 
Thomas  Hutchings 
John  Healey 
Nathel  Fernald 
Rob*  Cutt 
John  Shepherd 
Joseph  Keen 
John  Godsoe 

Joseph  Curtis 

Thomas  Cutt 

James  Johnson 

Jos  Willson 

Thomas  Lewis 

Tobias  Fernald 
Bengaman  Hutchings  Thomas  Rogers 
Enoch  Hutchins       Harkles  Fernald 
Joseph  Weekes         Sam11  Manson 
Nathaniel  Keen        Samuell  Johnson 
Richard  Rice  Samuel  Rice 

In  the  House  of  Repve8  April  8.  1751 

Read  and  Ordered  that  the  Pet"  serve  the  first  Parish  in 
Kittery  with  a  Copy  of  this  Pet"  that  they  Shew  cause  if  any 
they  have  on  the  Second  tuesday  of  the  next  May  Session 
why  the  Prayer  thereof  should  not  be  granted 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  April  8.  1751     Read  &  Concur'd 

J  Willard  Secry 

In  Council  June  12,  1751  Read  &  Ordered  that  the  Con- 
sideration of  this  Petition  be  refer'd  to  the  first  Tuesday  of 
the  next  Sitting  of  the  Court 

Sent  down  for  concurrence 

Read  and  Concur'd 

Consented  to, 

In  Council  Octobr  8,  1751 
of  the  first  Parish  in  Kittery  & 

Ordered  that  James  Minot  &  Joseph  Pynchon  Esq"  with 
such  as  the  Honble  House  of  Represent™8  shall  join  be  a 
Comm*  to  hear  the  Parties  consider  the  Petition  &  Answer 

Sam1  Holbrook  Dty  Secry 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 
S  Phips 

Read  again  with  the  Answer 


&  report  what  they  think  proper  for  this  Court  to  do  thereon. 
Sent  down  for  Concurrence.  J  Willard  Secry 

In  the  House  of  Repves  Oct1  9.  1751 

Read  and  Nonconcurd  and  Ordered  that  this  Petn  be  dis- 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  Oct0  9  1751 

Read  and  Concurr'd  J  Willard  Secry 

Consented  to,  S  Phips 


In  the  House  of  Repves  April  5.  1751  -  Ordered  that  the 
following  Message  be  sent  to  his  honr  the  Liev*  Gov1 

May  it  please  your  honr 

The  House  have  Considered  your  Hon"  Message  to  them 
of  the  3d  Instant,  Do  look  upon  it  as  a  matter  of  uncertainty 
as  to  the  French's  making  any  Settlements  at  the  River 
Lachoak,  are  Therefore  of  the  Opinion  that  the  orders  yr 
Honr  has  already  given  to  Cap1  Bradbury  will  be  Sufficient 
to  make  discovery  whether  the  French  are  making  Settle- 
ments there  or  not,  and  untill  the  House  can  be  more  fully 
Satisfied  of  that  fact  they  cant  think  it  necessary  to  make 
Provision  for  sending  Cap*  Sanders,  with  an  arm'd  force  to 

that  place 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

Message  April  11,  1751. 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Representatives 

It  appears  by  Cap*  Stevens's  Journal,  which  I  have  caused 
to  be  laid  before  you,  that  it  is  the  Gov1  of  Canada's  Inten- 
tion, that  the  Captives,  which  have  been   redeemed  by  the 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  135 

French  from  the  Indians,  should  be  sent  to  Crown  Point  this 
Spring,  in  Expectation  that  there  will  be  provision  made  for 
the  repayment  of  the  Money  winch  has  been  advanced  for 
the  release  of  these  unhappy  Persons,  &  the  necessary  Cloath- 
ing  they  have  been  furnished  with. 

I  must  therefore  recommend  it  to  you  to  take  such  Meas- 
ures as  may  be  for  the  Honour  of  the  Government,  &  may 
procure  the  Return  of  the  Captives  as  speedily  as  possible. 

Council  Chamber  April  11.  1751  S  Phips 

In  the  House  of  Repives  April  12.  1751 
Read    and    Ordered   that   Mr   Speaker   Mr    Tyng  and  Cap1 
Williams  with  such  as  the  Honble    Board    shall    Joyn  be  a 
Commee  to  take  this  Messa  under  consideration  and  report 
what  they  Judge  proper  for  this  Court  to  do  thereon 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  April  12  1751  Read  and  concurr'd  and  Jacob 
Wendell  and  Tho8  Hutchinson  Esq18  are  join'd  in  the  affair. 

J  Willard  Secry 

The  Committee  appointed  to  consider  the  foregoing  Mes- 
sage of  his  Honour  the  Ll  Governour  having  attended  the 
business  are  of  opinion  that  it  is  not  convenient  for  the  Gov- 
ernment to  be  at  the  Expence  of  redeeming  the  Captives,  or 
to  be  at  any  Charge  for  their  Cloathing  while  in  Canada  it 
appearing  to  the  Committee  that  it  has  not  been  the  practice 
in  Cases  of  the  like  nature  heretofore  &  it  may  be  of  very 
bad  Consequence  to  introduce  it  now  —  Which  is  humbly 

Jacob  Wendell  by  order 

In  Council  April  24  1751  Read  and  sent  down 

In  the  House  of  Repives  April  25.  1751 

Read  and  not  accepted  and  Ordered  that  the  Secretary  be 
directed  to  write  to  the  Relations  of  the  Captives  in  Canada, 
advising  them  of  the  probability  that  said  Captives  will  be 


brought  to  Crown  Point  some  time  in  the  next  month,  that 
so  the  said  Relatives  may  make  provision  for  the  Redemption 
of  said  Captives. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  April  25,  1751  Read  —  Concur' d 

Sam1  Hubbard  Dy  Secry 
Consented  to ;  S  Phips 

Memorandum  of  Mr  Wm  Pote 

Frenchman's  Bay.  ye  Entrance  is  Between  ye  N'  Easterly 
Part  of  mount  desert  &  Schooduct  which  are  about  Six 
Leagues  Distance  one  from  ye  other  E  B  N,  &  W  B  S,  up 
in  sd  Bay  are  many  Pleasant  Islands  Uninhabited,  at  ye 
head  of  it  are  two  Good  harbours  &  Some  French  Inhabitants* 
at  this  Place  my  Pilate  James  Mourton  Informed  me  were 
two  French  Ships  of  War. 

Sr  Your  most  humble  &  obedient  Serv* 

Will111  Pote  Jnr 
To  the  Cheif  Engenr  &c  &c  &c 

Letter,  Thomas  Fletcher  to  Capt.  David  Dunning  April  11, 1751 

To  the  Commanding  Officer  at  Pemmaquid 
Sr/  I  Just  Now  Had  News  from  a  Frenchman  that  the 
Canada  Indains  are  Gone  out  and  will  Strieke  on  ye  Eastren 
Fronteers  I  Beleave  that  its  true  for  ye  Man  Gave  me  a 
String  of  Wampum  to  Confirm  the  truth  of  it  and  I  think  it 
absolutely  Necessary  that  People  Should  Immediatly  secure 
themselves  as  speedly  as  thay  Possably  Can  - 

From  yr  Humle  Sr"  Thomas  Fletcher 

Sl  Georges  Fort  Apriel  11  1751 

For  Capt  David  Dunning  at  Brunswick 

To  the  Commanding  Officer  at  North  yarmoth  To  be 
forwarded  to  the  Commanding  officer  at  Newcastle. 

OF    THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  137 

Letter,  Thos  Henderson  to  U  Gov.  Phips 

Sl  Georges  April  11th  1751. 
May  It  please  your  Honnour  / 

I  have  Inclosed  sent  your  honour  The  coppy  of  the  Intelli- 
gence I  received  Just  now  from  the  Commanding  offisar  of 
Sl  Georges  Fort,  I  am  now  going  to  broad  Bay  and  all  the 
Inhabitants  to  give  the  nessary  warning.  The  case  is  very 
shoking,  there  is  about  one  hundred  familys  In  this  settle- 
ment that  with  much  Difickualty  for  want  of  Provisions  was 
Indeavoring  to  plant  for  a  feuter  season  which  No  doubt 
( weare  they  not  Interupted  )  would  turn  to  good  ace*  But  if 
they  are  forsed  to  garrison  as  I  beleive  will  be  the  Case  by  to 
morrow  noon,  they  have  nothing  to  live  upon  not  One  day, 
haveing  chearfully  lived  on  clambs  this  montli  Past,  I  take 
upon  me  to  give  your  honour  this  Information  In  behalf  of 
the  Inhabitants  and  prays  yr  Honour  may  Seariously  take 
our  condition  into  consideration  and  use  such  speedy  meas- 
ures for  our  relief  as  your  Hounr  in  your  Wisdom  thinks 
proper,  wee  are  all  willing  to  stand  and  maintain  ye  frunteers 
if  Inabled  by  yr  Hounor  and  the  Legislator,  I  am  Iloner*  sir 
your  most  Humble  &  obediant  sarvant 

Thomas  Henderson 

Letter,  Tho3  Fletcher  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  Apl  14,  1751 

To  ye  Commanding  officer  at  Fort  Georg     Sr/ 

I  Just  now  Had  newes  from  a  French  man  that  the  Canada 

Indians  are  Gon  out,  and  will  Strike  on  ye  Eastren  Froun- 

tiers,  I  beleive  that  it's  True,  for  ye  Man  Gave  me  a  String 

of  Wampum  to  Confirm  ye  Truth  of  it,  and  think  it  abseluetly 


neseoery  that  ye  peopele  Should  Immediately  Secure  them 
Selves,  as  Speadely  as  thay  possibly  Can. 

From  your  Humble  Serv*  Tho8  Fletcher 
a  True  Coppy     yours  to  Serve     Willm  Lithgow 

Richmond  April  ye  14th  1751 

PS     Sr  pray  Send  Coppys  of  this  to  all  ye  ajecant  places 
to  your  Garrison 

Letter,  John  North  to  Ll  Q-ov.  Phips 

Fort  Frederick  Aprill  15,  1751 
May  it  Please  yr  Honr/ 

Last  Friday  I  recd  an  Express  from  ye  Commanding  Officer 
of  S*  Georges  Which  I  Inclose  to  yr  Honr ;  &  Likewise  I  sent 
Coppys  of  ye  same'  to  Damariscotta,  Sheepscut,  Kennebeck, 
Richmond  &  Brunswick ;  that  the  Inhabitants,  Might  be  on 
their  Guard ;  —  they  are  Generally  Gone  to  Garrison ,  in  Very 
Malloncolly  Circumstances  ;  their  Winter  Stores  Expended  ; 
&  No  Liklyhood  of  Planting  their  feilds  or  Lumbering  to 
support  their  family s.  —  Being  Not  Able  to  Withstand  ye 
Insults  of  ye  Enemie. 

Your  Honr  Is  Well  Acquainted  with  ye  Helpless  Condition 
of  this  Fort,  haveing  But  Six  Men  to  Defend  it ;  Which  A 
very  Inconsiderable  Number  for  so  Large  a  Fort,  I  Beg  Leave 
to  Offer  these  things  to  yr  Hon™  Consideration 

And  am  your  Hon™  most  Humble  and  Obedient  Serv* 

John  North 

Letter,  John  Oulton  to  Ll  Gov.  Phips 

Fort  George  in  Brunswick  Apr:  15th  1751 
Honble  Sir 

The  Inclosed  pap :  I  just  now  recd  from  Cap*  Wm  Lithgow, 

Copies  of  the  same  hath  been  sent  to  the  Inhabitance,  two  or 


three  dayes  agone,  which  hath  Occasioned  great  fear  among 
them,  And  to  that  Degree,  many  of  them  are  distressed  in 
their  mind  I  wish  it  may  not  be  so  in  their  Bodys  also  by 
some  Evil  Action  from  ye  Indian  Enemies  from  whoes  Cruel 
Actions,  God  Almighty  deliver  us  all,  for  we  are  in  a  poor 
State  of  Defence  without  farther  help  from  ye  Province,  in 
wch  I  hope,  yr  Honour  will  not  be  wanting,  in  your  endeav- 
ours to  give  us  all  ye  assistance  you  Can,  in  order  to  protect 
us  from  our  Enemies. 

The  state  of  this  Fort,  for  want  of  Repairs  &  more  Men,  I 
lately  sent  to  Mr  Wheelwright,  for  him  to  put  yr  honour  in 
Mind,  of  what  I  gave  you  in  Sepr  last,  wch  I  hope  will  be 
taken  into  Consideration  of  the  General  Court,  with  all  due 
respects,  I  am 

Yr  Honours  Most  Obed1  Humb :  Ser1  Jn°  Oulton 

Letter,  Enoch  Freeman  to  IS  Gov.  PJiips. 

Falmouth  April  16th  1721 

The  Inclosed  I  just  recd  from  ye  Lieut1  of  Saint  Georges 
Fort,  and  I  thought  it  proper  to  Express  it  to  Your  Honour 
as  it  is ;  and  I  hope  it  will  arrive  to  your  Honour  before  the 
General  Court  rises,  that  his  Majestys  Subjects,  on  the  East- 
ern Frontiers,  may  have  that  Immediate  Care  taken  of  them, 
their  present  Danger  calls  for ; 

Sir,  it  is  a  melacholly  Scene  to  behold  So  many  People 
drove  off  from  their  Planting  &c  and  not  know  what  to  go 
about  for  a  Living. 

But  it  gives  Some  Encouragement,  that  we  may  rely  on 
Your  Honour's  Goodwill  &  Best  Endeavours  for  the  Frontiers 

I  am,  Your  Honour's  Most  Dutifull  and  Obed*  hum1  Serv* 

Enoch  Freeman 
To  ye  Honble  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieut*  Govr  &c  — 


Letter,  Alexr  Nikels  to  Lt.  Grov.  Phips 

To  his  Honnor  Governor  ffips 
Sir  inclosed  you  have  the  Copy  of  an  Express  sent  to  us  by 
Incin  Flatcher  of  St :  Georges  fort  and  we  are  now  all  heaped 
up  into  Garyson  and  Dars  not  go  out  looking  Every  day 
when  the  Indians  will  strak  and  the  thing  that  most  discorges 
us  is  that  we  have  a  report  hear  that  there  has  been  an 
upwards  of  a  hundered  Canada  Indians  at  St :  Georges  and 
that  they  have  had  stors  out  of  the  truk  hous  I  Canot  think 
the  report  is  true  but  it  would  be  a  good  thought  to  look  into 
it  for  if  it  be  a  lie  as  I  supos  it  is  people  will  not  be  so  much 
discorged  we  hop  to  hear  from  your  honnor  som  thing  that 
will  be  Comfortable  to  our  aid  if  need  be  and  your  speedy 
answer  will  very  much  incorg  us  in  thes  remot  parts  of  the 
willdernes  from  your  Humble  servant  at  Comand 

Alexr  Nikels 

Sheepscot  April  the  16th  1751 

[  Superscribed  ] 

To  his  Honnor  Governor  ffips 

at  Bostou  or  Cambridg 

Letter,  Alexr  Nikels  to  Capt.  Jabez  Bradbury  Apl  18, 1751. 

Cap1  Jabez  Bradbury 

Wheras  there  Came  an  Express  from  Incine  fflatcher  of 
your  fort  at  St:  Georges  to  my  hand  bearing  Date  the  11th 
of  this  instant  wherein  he  assurs  us  that  the  Canada  Indians 
was  gon  out  and  would  sertainly  strake  at  the  Eastern  fron- 
tiers it  his  put  us  all  into  Garyson  therefore  I  would  have 
you  to  warn  the  Penabscot  and  noragewalk  Indians  to  _  of 
from  Coming  near  us  at  this  tim  for  as  we  are  all  heaped  up 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAESTE  141 

into  Garryson  and  dars't  do  no  manner  of  busyness  for  our- 
selves we  think  most  proper  for  our  own  Defence  and  the 
good  of  the  province  to  raise  all  the  men  can  be  spaired  out 
of  our  Garysons  and  go  out  upon  the  back  sid  of  our  settle- 
ment to  see  if  wee  Can  meet  them  in  the  woods  give  them  a 
little  of  there  own  play  untill  we  have  aid  from  the  province 
and  if  you  will  please  to  let  those  Indians  that  is  our  Suposed 
friends  have  warning  to  keep  out  of  our  way  it  will  very 
much  oblidge  Sir  your  loveing  friend 

Sheepscot  April  the  18th  1751  Alexr  Nikels 

A  true  Copy  of  my  letter  sent  to  Capt :  Bradbury  to  be 
Comunicated  to  his  Honnor  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Comander 
in  chief  &c. 

"  Lieuten1  Grovernrs  Letter  to  Cpt  Nichols  May  1,  1751 " 

I  have  received  from  you  a  Copy  of  your  Letter  to  Cap1 
Bradbury.  I  question  whether  the  Report  of  the  Canada 
Indians  coming  on  our  Frontiers  is  true  I  think  it  probable 
they  are  gone  to  Nova  Scotia.  I  have  sent  Belts  of  Wam- 
pom  to  the  Penobscots  Norredgewock  &  S*  Francois  Tribes 
&  expect  they  will  meet  in  the  Summer  in  order  to  confirm 
the  Peace  between  us  and  though  upon  every  appearance  of 
Danger  I  would  have  the  Inhabitants  on  the  Frontier  be  con- 
stantly on  their  Guard,  yet  I  cannot  approve  of  sending  out 
Men  to  give  the  Indians  their  own  Play  as  you  express  it  for 
you  cannot  distinguish  between  Fiiends  &  Enemys  &  by  this 
means  may  involve  the  Government  in  a  War  which  other- 
wise might  have  been  avoided.  I  therefore  expect  that  for 
the  present  you  desist  from  your  proposed  measures  unless 
the  People  should  be  actually  attackd  And  be  careful  from 
time  to  time  to  advise  me  of  any  thing  remarkable  that  may 


occur    that    I    may   give    such    further    Orders    as    may  be 

Letter,  Secrv  Willard  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow 

Boston  1,  May  1751 
I  am  directed  by  his  Honour  the  L*  Governor  &  the  Coun- 
cil to  acquaint  you  that  a  Vote  has  pass'd  the  hond  Board 
authorizing  you  to  distribute  out  of  the  Truck  Trade  a  Sum 
not  exceeding  Fifty  pounds  lawful  money  among  the  Indians 
of  the  Noridgwalk  Tribe  or  the  Sl  Francois  Tribe  if  any  of 
the  last  mentioned  should  come  Down  into  your  Fort  and  in 
doing  this  you  must  endeavour  to  engage  the  Men  of  greatest 
influence  among  the  Indians  that  so  they  may  be  kept  from 
any  hostile  Acts  until  the  time  of  the  Proposed  Conference 
with  them.  It  is  likewise  thought  convenient  by  his  Honour 
&  the  Board  that  you  should  caution  the  Inhabitants  against 
firing  upon  any  Indians  unless  there  be  good  Evidence  of 
their  having  a  design  to  attack  the  English.  A  great  deal 
depends  on  a  prudent  discharge  of  the  Trust  reposed  in  you 
at  this  Juncture  it  being  of  very  great  importance  that  Peace 
should  be  maintaind  by  all  ways  I  mean  consistent  wth  the 
Honor  of  Government     I  am  Sir,  Your  humble  Serv* 

J  Willard 
To  Cpt.  William  Lithgow 

The  same  to  Cpt.  Jabez  Bradbury,    only   Penobscot   for 
Norridgewalk  &  Seventy  for  Fifty 

"  Letter,  Col.  Moulton  $•  others  to  L*  Q-ov.  Phips 
May  0,  1751. 


Yesterday  were  bro1  by  Virtue  of  a  Warrant  from  Sam1 

Denny  Esqr  of  Georgetown,  and  comitted  to  His  Majts  Goal 

here,  two  Men  who  are  vehemently  Suspected  to  have  mur- 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  143 

ther'd  the  Master  &  two  Men,  belonging  to  a  Vessel  bound 
from  Cherry  Point  in  Virginia,  to  Clement's  Bay  in  Mary- 
land, Sometime  in  February  last,  as  mention'd  in  the  Weekly 
Post  Boy  afterward.  -  Altho  Majr  Denny  took  the  Examina- 
tion of  one  of  the  men  namely  Geo :  Willson  upon  oath,  yet 
he  acquainted  us  that  the  Information  was  so  imperfect  that 
it  was  not  proper  to  Send  it,  and  refer'd  him  to  be  examin'd 

Accordingly  he  offer'd  himself  to  be  Evidence  for  the  King, 
and  declare  the  whole  Truth,  if  he  might  not  be  tried  for  the 
said  murthers.  -  We  gave  him  our  Word,  that  we  wou'd 
recomend  him  to  the  Favour  of  ye  Governm1  upon  that  Con- 
dition ;  finding  it  impossible  to  get  Sufficient  Evidence  for 
the  Trial  &  condign  Punishm*  of  so  barbarous  Murthers 
without  him.  And  being  carefully  examin'd  he  made  the 
inclosed  Declaration  upon  oath  which  (as  yor  Honr  will  per- 
ceive )  gives  the  most  violent  Suspicion. 

After  we  had  examin'd  Willson  Separate,  we  proceeded  to 
examine  Sutton,  who  undoubtedly  gave  evasive  and  false 
answers  to  Questions  put  to  him,  and  by  his  Behaviour  as 
well  as  by  the  different  Accots  these  persons  gave  of  them- 
selves when  examined  by  the  Justices  in  New  Hampshire, 
and  other  Circumstances  concurring,  we  have  great  Reason 
to  believe  one  or  both  of  them  were  Actors  in  that  cruel  & 
inhumane  Tragedy,  we  have  therefore  committed  them  both 
to  the  Stone  Goal  but  have  ordered  William  Sutton  to  be  in 
Irons,  and  in  a  Separate  Room  until  the  Order  of  Governm*. 

We  have  Subjoin'd  to  the  Declaratiou  of  the  Facts  attend- 
ing the  Tragedy  an  Acco4  of  Some  persons  they  met  with  and 
Places  where  they  lodged  on  their  Travels,  in  order  that  Evi- 
dences to  prove,  that  these  men  were  the  Identical  persons 
that  comitted  those  Murders,  may  be  obtained. 

It  is  very  probable  that  part  of  the  Cloathing  these  men 
have  now  on  did  belong  to  the  Master  of  sd  Vessel. 


But  as  these  Facts  were  committed  in  a  Bay  in  Virginia 
we  are  not  certain  whether,  it  was  within  the  Body  of  a 
County  and  must  be  tried  there,  or  whether  it  was  upon  the 
High  Seas,  and  so  may  be  tried  by  a  Court  of  Admiralty 
specially  appointed  by  Virtue  of  an  Act  of  Parliament  made 
in  ye  Reign  of  K :  Wm  ye  3d 

Wherefore  we  now  give  your  Honr  and  the  Honble  His 
Majts  Council  this  Information  with  the  papers  inclosed,  to 
the  End  that  such  proceeding  may  be  had  concerning  them 
as  the  uncommon  Case  calls  for. 

We  shall  be  very  glad  that  Something  may  be  concluded, 
as  Soon  as  may  be,  because  Sutton  Seems  to  be  a  person  able 
to  carry  on  deep  Stratagems,  and  his  Guard  have  inform' d 
us,  that  he  would  have  undoubtedly,  kill'd  some  of  them  in 
order  to  escape ;  There  being  but  few  apartmts  in  Goal,  and 
other  Prisoners  there,  are  afraid  of  his  doing  Mischief. 

We  are  Your  Hon18  most  obedient  and  most  humble  Servants 

Jer:  Moulton 

York  May  2,  1751.  Simon  ffrost 

Dan1  Moulton 
The  Honble  Spencer  Phipps  Esqr  L*  Govern' 

Berwick  Petition.     May  25,  1751 

To  the  Honourable  Spencer  Phips  Esq1  Lieutenant  Gov- 
ernor &  Commander  in  Chief  in  &  Over  his  Majesties 
Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay  and  to  the  Honour- 
able the  Council  and  House  of  Representatives  of  said 
Province  in  Gen11  Court  Assembled  May  1751  — 
The  Petition  of  Benjamin    Chadbourn,    William    Gerrish 
James    Gerrish,    John    Thompson   junr   and    Moses    Butler 
Selectmen  of  the  Town  of  Berwick  in  the  County  of  York 
for  and  in  Behalf  of  said  Town  Humbly  Sheweth 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  145 

That  the  freeholders  &  Inhabitants  of  said  Town  of  Ber- 
wick upon  Due  warning  given  Met  on  the  Eleventh  day  of 
March  last  past  to  Choose  Town  officers  as  Usual  at  which 
time  ye  Town  Made  Choice  of  a  Person  for  their  Clerk  who 
refused  to  take  the  Oath  Required  by  the  Act  made  for 
Drawing  in  the  Bills  of  Credit  &c  —  whereupon  the  Town 
proceeded  to  and  did  make  Choice  of  Another  Person  for 
Town  Clerk  who  likewise  refused  to  take  ye  said  Oath  — 
then  the  Town  Adjourn'd  their  Meeting  to  the  26th  of  said 
Month  of  March  at  which  time  some  Difficulties  Ariseing 
about  the  Choice  of  Town  officers  ye  sd  Town  Adjourn'd  their 
Meeting  to  the  fifteenth  day  of  April  last  &  then  Met  but 
meeting  with  more  Difficulty  they  Adjourn'd  their  Meeting 
to  y9  29th  of  April  when  being  Met  they  Chose  all  their  offi- 
cers to  Serve  the  Town  the  Current  year  but  several  of  their 
officers  being  absent  at  the  time  of  their  being  Chosen  when 
Summoned  to  be  Sworn  refused  to  take  the  Oath  aforesd 
which  made  it  Necessary  to  have  Another  Meeting  Called  to 
Choose  others  in  ye  room  of  those  before  Chosen  who  refused 
to  serve  &  Accordingly  there  was  Another  Town  Meeting 
Caled  for  that  Purpose  &  held  on  ye  21.  of  May  Instant 
when  ye  Town  made  Choice  of  such  officers  as  were  wanting 
But  some  Doubt  has  Arisen  &  -  is  Moved  by  some  of  the 
Inhabitants  that  the  Town  had  No  Lawfull  Athority  to 
Adjourn  their  Meeting  Thou  Actually  Caled  &  held  Several 
Dayes  in  the  Month  of  March  but  by  reason  of  some  Misun- 
derstanding Amongst  ye  People  the  Town  officers  were  not 
all  Chosen  till  ye  29th  of  April  last  which  Meeting  was  held 
by  Virtue  of  the  same  Warrant  that  Called  ye  Meeting  on  ye 
Eleventh  of  March  —  and  being  held  by  Virtue  of  that  War- 
rant by  Adjournments  Agreed  upon  by  ye  Town  from  time  to 
time  &  being  Customary  to  Adjourn  Meetings  by  Votes  was 
Amongst  us  supposed  to  be  Lawfull  and  Could  Not  hurt  or 
Injure  Any  Man  —  and  as  ye  Peace  &  Quiet  of  the  Town 



depends  Much  upon  ye  Officers  Chosen  their  being  Established 
that  they  may  attend  their  Duty  in  their  respective  offices 
for  the  Public  Good  — 

We  therefore  humbly  pray  that  if  this  Honble  Court  shall 
Judge  that  the  Adjournments  of  ye  Town  Meeting  from  ye 
Month  of  March  into  the  month  of  April  for  finishing  the 
business  of  ye  Town  Meeting  to  be  Illegal  it  May  be  Attrib- 
uted to  our  Weakness  &  forgiven  and  that  this  Honourable 
Court  will  be  pleased  of  their  Great  and  wonted  Goodness  to 
Confirm  ye  Votes  for  ye  Choice  of  Town  officers  Made  at  the 
Several  Meetings  Aforesaid  or  Grant  them  such  relief  in  the 
Premises  &  Direction  &  authority  for  any  further  or  other 
Proceedings  therein  as  this  Court  in  their  Great  Wisdom  & 
Justice  shall  Seem    Meet  and  yr  Petitioners  shall  pray  &c  — 

Moses  Butler 
Berwick  May  25,  1751  Benf  Chadboum 

Wm  Gerrish 

John  Thompson  Jur 

James  Garish 


In  the  House  of  Rep™  June.  6.  1751 

Read  and  Ordered  that  the  Prayer  of  this  Petn  be  so  far 
granted  as  that  the  several  Votes  herein  mentioned  relating 
to  the  Choice  of  Town  officers  be  and  hereby  are  confirmed  - 

And  that  the  said  Town  officers  be  and  they  hereby  are  as 
much  Obliged  ( to  all  intents  and  purposes )  to  Serve  in  the 
respective  offices  to  which  they  were  Chosen  as  though  they 
had  been  Chosen  in  the  Month  of  March  last 
Sent  up  for  concurrence 

Attr  Roland  Cotton  Cler  Dom  Rep 

In  Council  June  6,  1751     Read  &  Concurr'd 

Sam1  Holbrook  Dty  Secry 
Consented  to  S  Phips 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  147 

Depositions,  May  27,  1751. 

The  Deposition  of  Gideon  Man,  Benjamin  Welch  &  Lem- 
uel Bolles  all  of  North  Yarmouth,  Testifie  &  Say  That  We 
being  in  Company  with  Several  others  yesterday  morning 
Looking  for  three  Children  (viz  Joseph  Chandler  Son  of 
Edmond  Chandler  Solomon  Mitchel  &  Daniel  Mitchel  Sons 
of  Benjamin  Mitchel )  that  were  then  Missing  we  discover'd 
where  the  Indians  by  their  Tracts  &  by  a  Musquash  Skin 
made  into  a  Case  &  us'd  by  them  as  we  Suppose  &  drop'd 
when  they  Lay  behind  a  Fence  by  the  Road  we  Saw  where 
they  Took  the  Boys  &  follow'd  their  Tracts  both  Indians  & 
boys  together  for  some  considerable  Way  where  they  Carried 

them  off. 

Gideon  Man 

Benjamin  Welch 

Lemuel  Bolles 

And  further  the  said  Benjamin  Welch  &  Lemuel  Boles 

Say  that  they  in  Company  with  several  others  in  pursuit  of 

the  Indians  came  to  the  place  of  Edward  King  of  sd  Town  & 

in  his  Inclosure  we  found  a  yoke  of  Oxen  of  his  Shot  (as  we 

Suppose  by  the  Indians )  &  Some  part  of  the  meat  cut  of  & 

carried  away. 

Benjamin  Welch 

Lemuel  Bolles 

York  ss.     North  Yarmouth  May  27,  1751. 

Personally  appearing  The  above  named  Gideon  Man,  Ben- 
jamin Welch  and  Lemuel  Boles  made  Oath  to  the  Truth  of 
the  above  Depositions  by  them  Severally  Subscribed. 

Before  me,  Samuel  Seabury  Justs  Pacis 

Letter,  Jn°  Oulton  to  &   Grov.  Phips 

Fort  George  in  Brunswick  May  27th  1751 
Honble  Sir 

Yesterday  abl  4  a  Clock  in  y*  afternoon  Came  here  Daneil 


Pall  from  North  yarmouth,  who  Informed  me  of  ye  Indians 
takeing  &  Carrying  away,  wth  them  three  Boys,  ye  night 
before.  Some  Men  went  after  them  &  by  their  track  did 
suppose  there  was  about  ten  or  twelve  of  them.  This  puts 
all  these  parts  in  An  Alarm,  not  knowing,  where  they  will 
be  next.  We  are  in  a  poor  State  of  Defence  for  want  of 
Repayrs,  as  I  gave  yr  Honour  an  account  of  in  Sepr  last,  & 
since  yS  I  begd  Mr  John  Wheelwright  to  put  yr  Honour  in 
mind  of  it.  Its  a  poor  State  we  are  in,  &  every  day  makes 
things  worss  &  worss.  For  our  firing  off,  two  Great  Guns, 
only  with  Powder,  gave  our  platform  &  Carrages  such  a 
shake  yl  I  thought  both  would  have  fell  down,  &  am  sure  it 
will  be  so,  when  we  Come  to  use  them  wth  Shot,  therefore  I 
pray  yr  Honour  will  lay  this  affair  before  ye  General  Court, 
that  I  may  have  orders  to  doe  what  is  needful  If  thats 
Obtained,  I  beg  yr  honour  will  Let  me  have  ye  orders  as 
soone  as  possible,     with  all  due  respect  I  am 

Yr  Honours  Most  Obed*  humb.  Ser* 

Jn°  Oulton 

Letter,  EzeW  Gushing  to  Ll  Gov.  PUps  May  28,  1751. 

Honor*  Sr 

I  have  just  now  recd  Intelligence  of  the  Indian  Enemy's 
taking  three  Boys  Prisoners  at  North  Yarmouth  as  Likewise 
of  their  killing  a  yoke  of  oxen  the  Particulars  of  the  affair 
your  Honour  may  informe  your  Self  by  the  enclosed  Evi- 
dences of  Several  Persons  belonging  to  Said  Place.  I  have 
nothing  further  that  is  remarkable  to  acquaint  your  Honour 
with,  I  subscribe  myself  your 

Honours  most  obedient  Humble  Serv* 

Ezekiel  Cushing 

Falmouth  May  28th  1751.— 

OP   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  149 

To  His  Honour  Spencer  Phips  Esquire  Comander  in  Chief 
in  and  over  his  Majestys  Province  of  the  Massachusetts 
Bay  The  Honourable  his  Majestys  Council  and  the 
Honourable  House  of  Representatives  in  a  General 
Court  Assembled  May  29.  1751. 
The  Petition  of  the  Subscribers  Grantees  of  a  Certain 
Tract  of  Land  adjoyning  to  North  Yarmouth 

humbly   Sheweth  That 

Your  Petitioners  have  Spent  a  great  Deal  of  Time  and  been 
at  considerable  Expence  in  bringing  forward  a  Settlement  as 
may  appear  by  the  Account  hereto  annexed  and  had  com- 
pleated  the  Settlement  according  to  the  Conditions  of  the 
said  grant  if  they  had  Not  been  hindred  by  the  Breaking  out 
of  the  War  and  after  the  End  of  the  French  War  We  Con- 
cluded to  proceed  to  Settlement  but  the  Indians  Making 
further  Disturbance  discouraged  Your  Petitioners  from  Pro- 
ceeding they  having  Granted  the  Sum  of  three  Pounds  ju3t 
before  the  last  Disturbance  made  by  the  Indians  upon  Each 

Your  Petitioners  Therefore  pray  that  your  Honours  would 
please  to  grant  a  further  Time  for  Performing  the  Con- 
ditions of  their  Grant  and  your  Petitioners  as  in  Duty  bound 
shall  ever  pray  &c. 

Daniel  Witham]  Comteeof 
Phile11  Warner     >■     the 
Sam11  Stevens       Grantees 
An    Account   of   the    Proceedings  of  the  Grantees  of  a 
Certain  Tract  of  Land  adjoyning  to  North  Yarmouth  con- 
ditionally  granted   to    Some   Inhabitants    of   the    Town    of 
Glocester,  by  the  great  &  General  Court  at  their  Sessions  in 
the  Year 

The  said  Grantees  have  raised  And  granted  at  Severell 
Times  the  Sum  of  Twenty  two  pounds  thirteen  Shillings  and 
four  Pence  upon  Each  Right  amounting  to  the  Sum  of  one 


thousand  Three  hundred  and  fifty  nine  Pounds  one  shilling 
All  Which  has  been  paid  except  the  last  grant  of  three 
pounds  a  Right  granted  In  the  Year  1749  when  the  indians 
making  Disturbance  the  Affair  was  not  pursued  according  to 
the  Design. 

A  Way  has  been  cut  thro'  the  Woods  about  a  Dozen 
Miles  and  two  or  three  large  Bridges  &  fourten  more  Cart 
bridges  but  smaler  been  built ;  A  Saw  Mill  has  been  raised 
and  finished  and  set  to  Work  Which  cost  about  four  hun- 
dred Pounds  in  the  Year  1743. 

and  fifteen  Frames  of  Houses  raised,  There  have  been  four 
fields  of  Corn  the  Rye,  &  many  Loads  of  hay  Cut  on  sd  Land 
&  Catle  keep  there  one  Winter 

Phile"  Warner  dark 
Glocester  May  25th  1751 


at  A  Legale  Parish  Meeting  held  In  ye  Lower  Parish  In 
Kittery  June  3  1751  Voted  That  Sr  Wm  Pepperrell  Barn* 
be  Desiered  to  Goe  to  the  Generall  Court  to  Make  Answer  to 
A  Petition  Sent  In  to  said  Court  Apr1  4th  1751  by  ye  Inhab- 
itants of  the  Third  or  Middle  Parish  In  Kittery  Afore  Said. 
A  True  Copy  of  Recod 

Attr  g  Elihu  Gunnison  P  :  Clr 


At  a  Legal  Parish  Meeting  held  in  ye  Lower  or  first 
Parish  In  Kittery  June  6th  1751. 

Voted  That  ye  Parish  Clerk  Informs  the  Inhabitants  of  the 
Medill  Parish  that  ye  first  Parish  has  Desired  Sr  Wm  Pepper- 
rell to  Petition  to  ye  Generale  Court  for  a  Continuance  of 


there  Petition  to  Prevent  their  Being  at  ye  Charge  of  Send- 
ing An  Agent  untill  the  Affaire  Can  be  heard. 
A  True  Copy  of  Recod  Attr 

Elihu  Gunneson:  P:  Clr 


Kittery  June  6th  1751. 
Honourable  Sir 

Inclosed  you  have  a  Petition  wch  I  beg  ye  favour  of 
you  to  present  to  ye  great  &  general  Court. 

I  am  sorry  ye  Parish  made  choice  of  me  to  answer  it, 
under  ye  present  distressing  circumstances  of  myself  &  family 
but  if  the  Court  would  be  pleased  to  put  it  of  for  some 
Longer  time,  I  should  indeavr  to  attend,  to  prevent  the 
Parish  being  put  to  any  further  trouble  &  charge 
I  am  Your  Most  Humble  Servant 

W"'  Pepperrell 
The  Honme  Josiah  Willard  Esq1 

Superscribed  to 
The  Honourable  Josiah  Willard  Esqr 
Secretary  of  the  Province  of 
Massachusetts  Bay  In  Boston 

Petition  of  Sir  Wm  Pepperrell  June  6,  1751 

To  the  Honble  Spencer  Phips  Esq1  Lieu1  Governour  & 
Comander  in  Chief  in  &  over  His  Majesty's  Province 
of  the  Massachusets  Bay  in  New  England  &  to  the 
Honble  His  Majesty's  Council  &  the  Honble  House  of 
Represenves  for  Said  Province  in  Gen1  Court  Assembled. 

The  Petition  &  remonstrance  of  William  Pepperrell 
Humbly  Showeth 


That  whereas  on  ye  218t  may  last  past  the  first  Parish  of 
Kittery  was  served  with  a  copy  of  a  Petition  to  the  Great  & 
General  Court  signed  by  Mess18  William  Wentworth  Thomas 
Cutt,  Joseph  Curtis  &  others,  and  also  with  a  Citation  from 
ye  said  Honble  Court  on  the  11th  of  this  Ins1  to  Shew  Cause 
why  ye  sd  Petition  should  not  be  granted,  and  whereas  the 
said  first  Parish  of  Kittery  have  chosen  me  their  agent  on 
that  occasion,  and  such  being  the  dispensations  of  Divine 
Providence  towards  me  and  my  family  as  to  render  it  almost 
impracticable  for  me  to  attend  my  duty  in  this  affair  or  the 
more  important  affairs  of  the  Province,  till  my  mind  is  in 
some  greater  measure  relieved,  of  wch  the  third  Parish  in 
Kittery  have  been  duly  notified. 

Your  Petioner  therefore  Humbly  requests  that  your  Hon- 
ours in  your  great  goodness  would  be  pleased  to  protract  the 
time  for  a  hearing,  to  the  next  sessions  or  to  such  future 
time  as  your  Honours  shall  judge  proper,  when  your  Petioner 
begs  leave  to  Assure  your  Honours,  that  he  shall  be  able  to 
Show  not  only  the  unreasonableness  of  their  Petition  in 
general,  but  ye  there  are  many  things  therein  Asserted  as 
Facts  which  have  Little  or  no  foundation  in  Truth. 

I  am  with  all  Duty  &  Esteem  Your  Honours  Faithfull 
and  Most  obedient  Humble  Servant 

Wm  Pepperrell 
Kittery  1st  Parish  June  6th  1721 

"  A  Petn  of  the  Selectmen  of  Brunswick  June  7,  1751.  " 

Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay  In  New  England 

To    the   Honble    Spencer    Phips  Esqr  Liv1  Gov:    for  the 
time  Being:  and  Honble  Councel    &    Honble   house    of 
Representatives  In  general  Court  Assembly  May    29* 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  153 

The  Petition  of  the  Inhabitants  of  the  town  of  Brunswick 
In  the  County  of  York 
Most  Humbly  Sheweth 

That  John  Martin  An  Inhabitant  of  sd  Town :  In  the  Late 
Excursion  of  the  Indians  :  on  the  tenth  of  September  last  as 
he  was  at  his  Labour :  In  his  own  field  was  taken  &  Carri'd 
to  Canada :  &  Sold  to  Joseph  Cadiit  for  Two  hundred  livers : 
for  which  sume :  sd  Cadiit  accepted  his  Note  of  hand  by 
which  means :  he  was  permitted  to  Return  to  his  family  : 
&  now  Expects  a  Demand  will  be  made  of  sd  sume  the  pay- 
ment of  which :  we  are  perfectly  Sensible :  Is  not  In  his 
power  :  being  In  Low  Circumstances  :  haveing  a  family  of 
seven  Children  most  of  them  young  &  unable  to  Soport 
themselves : 

And  further  yr  Petitioners  Beggs  Leave  to  Inform  your 
Honr  &  this  Honble  Court  on  the  Day  aforesaid  viz  :  the 
tenth  of  September  last,  Wm  Ross  &  his  son  John  Ross  of 
Sheepsgut  as  we  are  Informed  were  also  Carried  into 
Captivity  by  a  Company  of  Indians :  &  sold  at  Canada : 
having  Endured  Hardships  by  the  way  by  reason  of  his 
Lameness :  Suffering  much  :  as  to  his  Estate  by  having  his 
house,  &  furniture,  burned  by  the  Indians :  Last  war :  and 
what  afterwards  he  procured  by  his  Industrey :  was  Burned 
by  the  Indians  in  their  late  Excursion:  Sd  Ross  Leaving 
Behind  him  :  a  wife  &  four  Children  one  of  which  is  Dead 
and  his  wife :  for  the  Soport  of  her  self  &  family  was  obliged 
to  remove  from  Sheepsgutt  aforesd  to  her  fathers  Garrison 
In  Brunswick  aforesd 

Therfor  yr  Petitioners  Humbly  supplicate :  yr  Honr  &  this 
Honble  Court :  praying  thy  would  :  In  there  grate  wisdom  & 
goodness  provide  :  for  there  Releif  &  liberty :  which  there 
present  Distressed  Cases  :  Calls  for :  we  Sopose  that  peti- 
tioners of  this  nature,  have  been  preferred  to  this  Honble 
Court:     &  vl    Some  members  of  this    Honble    Court:    have 


objected,  against  giveing  Rerleif  To  the  Distressed  Captives, 
by  saying  y*  It  would  be  of  Bad  Consequence :  It  would  still 
give  Encouragement :  to  the  Indians  &  french  to  go  on  In 
the  same  method  :  to  Distrees  the  Subjects :  &  Insult  the 
Province:  we  would  humbly  offer  our  Reasons  to  obviate 
these  objections :  the  Government  May  Relive,  the  Dis- 
tressed Captives :  In  Such  a  manner  :  that  may  Never  Come 
to  the  Knowledge  of  the  french  &  Indians  :  But  provideing 
the  Gov*  In  there  grate  wisdom  Should  see  meet :  It  should 
Come  to  there  knowledge  we  Humbly  Conceve  there  might 
be  then  remonstrances  made  to  the  Government  at  home  : 
that  some  orders  might  be  obtained  by  the  King  of  france  to 
the  governent  of  Canada :  that  for  the  future  there  might  be 
a  stop  put  to  these  Violations  &  Incursions  :  made  on  there 
frontiers,  we  begg  yr  honrs :  would  forgive  this  freedom, 
Humbly  Conceveing  :  You  will  Do  that :  that  will  be  for  the 
Honr  of  the  Government  for  the  Releif  of  Distressed  Cap- 
tives :  as  yr  petitioners  In  our  present  Circumstances  Are 
not  able  to  afford  them  Releif 

And  yr  Petitioners  As  In  Duty  bound  shall  Ever  Pray 

John  Minot 
Robert  ffinney 
Isack  Snow 

Select  men 
"  of  Brunswick 

Letter,  Enoch  Freeman  to  L*  Grov.  Phips 

Falmouth  June  8th  1751 

This  Day  the  Indians  kill'd  and  Scalpt  one  Joseph  Burnal, 
about  half  a  Mile  off  of  Pesumpscot  Mills,  in  the  Road  lead- 
ing from  thence  to  North  Yarmouth  an  honest  Blacksmith, 
his  horse  also  was  found  dead  by  him,  with  four  Bullet  Holes 
thro'    him.     This    Action    is    so   perfidious    I    have    hardly 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAESTE  155 

Patience  enough  to  relate  it;  that  when  our  People  think 
they  may  go  Safely  about  their  Business  (  as  we  hear  a  Treaty 
is  concluded  upon,  &  that  till  then  all  Hostilities  were  to 
cease )  shou'd  be  Suddenly  &  unexpectedly  Shott  down ; 
their  Scalps  tore  off  their  Heads,  and  their  Bodys  left  on  the 
Ground  in  Gore  presently  a  Neighbour  or  Friend  is  as  Sud- 
denly Surpriz'd  with  the  Sight ;  Immediately  the  Towns  are 
Alarm'd,  then  every  one  quits  his  Business,  Some  fly  into 
Houses  &  Garrisons  for  Safety,  others  muster  and  range  in 
Vain  thro'  the  Woods  after  the  Murderers,  &  then  all  Busi- 
ness laide  aside  for  a  while,  not  knowing  where  to  be  Safe, 
to  the  unspeakable  Damage  of  the  Publick  as  well  as  partic- 
ulars ;  untill  Necessity  forces  'em  out  into  Danger  again. — 
And  if  the  Governm1  dont  take  some  Speady  Measures  to 
help  us,  we  are  ruin'd,  and  I  must  leave  it  to  their  Super 
Wisdom  to  project  some  Effectual  way  to  relieve  us,  who 
live,  or  rather  have  a  being  on  the  Frontiers  — 

Your  Honour  will  please  to  Excuse  all  Impertinence  in 
Your  Honours  Obed1  hum1  Serv* 

Enoch  Freeman 
His  Honour  ye  Lieut1  Govern1  &  Commander  in  Chief,  &c 
[  Superscribed  ] 
On  his  Majestys  Service 
To  the  HonWe  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieut1  Governour  & 
Commander  in  Chief  of  the  Province  of  the  Massachu- 
setts Bay  &c  at  Cambridge 
g  Mr  Dan1  Godfry 

Letter,  Jabez  Bradbury  to  &  G-ov.  Phips 

S4  Georges  July  8th  1751 
May  it  Please  your  Honour 

This  day  one  of  Squadooks  Sons    told   me    there  was  a 
french  Ship  Lately  arriv'd  at  Sl  Johns  River  had  brought  two 


hundred  workmen  in  order  to  Complete  a  Fort  they  were 
building  nere  the  mouth  of  that  River  &  that  they  had  also  a 
great  number  of  Great  Guns  &  said  they  were  told  by  the 
French  that  the  debate  between  the  English  and  french  Con- 
cerning Nova  Scotia  was  Setled  by  Governer  Shirley,  he  also 
told  me  he  had  seen  Indians  from  Cannade  who  Said  when 
the  Indians  thear,  Recived  the  Belt  Sent  from  this  Govern- 
ment, they  Presented  it  to  the  L*  Governer  of  Cannada  who 
Comended  them  for  so  doing,  and  that  he  advised  them  to  be 
at  peace  with  the  English,  he  also  Said  the  french  were  gon 
out  with  a  great  number  of  Men  in  quest  of  som  foreign 
Indians  who  had  Lately  kild  or  taken  Seventeen  men  in  one 
of  their  frontier  Setlements  near  the  Lake,  there  being  no 
particular  day  set,  &  being  often  askt  by  the  Indians  when 
they  shall  waite  on  your  Honour  here,  I  have  venterd  to  tell 
them  that  by  the  15th  of  Agust  they  may  Expect  to  Se  your 
Honoer  with  A  Number  of  Gentlemen  of  the  Council  agree- 
able to  the  Interview  Proposd  by  your  Honour. 

I  subscribe  my  self  your  Honours  most  obedient  humble 
Serv*  Jabez  Bradbury 

May  it  please  your  Honer  Since  I  wrote  the  above  I  Ricivd 
a  leter  from  the  Jesuit  to  your  honour  &  another  from  the 
Indians  to  me  in  which  they  Say  they  Shall  be  Ready  to 
waite  on  you  at  this  Place  at  the  time  apointed  which  will  be 
the  Eighth  of  August,  their  letter  to  me  was  Sind  by 
Sebooset,  Loran  Squadook  &  Sundry  others  of  their  most 
Considerable  men 

I  am  as  above  your  Honours  most  obedient  Humb1  Serv* 

Jabez  Bradbury 

Letter,  Job  Averell  to  Capt.  Alexr  Nickels 

Sheepscut  July  ye  9th  1751 
Captn  Nickels  Sir     Whereas  by  your  Pamphlet  which  you 

OF   THE    STATE   OF    MAESTE  157 

and  your  Squire  drew  in  my  Absence  and  has  carried  into 
Court :  you  have  so  far  insinuated  the  wrong  done  to  your 
good  name  by  the  paper  I  carried  into  Court  so  as  to  impose 
so  far  upon  the  Honourable  Court  as  to  appoint  a  Committee 
to  examine  into  the  affair :  this  is  therefore  to  inform  you 
that  it  is  now  my  turn  to  summons  your  whole  Company  or 
who  I  please  to  Boston  to  answer  to  such  Questions  as  I 
shall  ask  them  and  that  before  your  face,  therefore  if  you 
dont  come  directly  with  some  of  the  most  Credible  men  in 
your  Company  and  settle  that  affair  so  that  it  proceed  no 
further :  I  will  assure  you  that  I  will  present  you  for  selling 
Rhum  more  then  twenty  times  and  your  father  also. 

this  from  Stand  by  the  truth  Job  Averell 

[  Superscribed  ] 

To  Captn  Alexander  Nickels  Junr 

at  Newcastle 

Letter,  Ll  Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow 

Boston  July  12,  1751. 


You  must  acquaint  such  of  the  Indians  as  you  may  have 
Opportunity  to  see,  that  I  am  exceedingly  surprised  that 
after  a  Treaty  had  been  appted  between  this  Gov1  &  them, 
one  Englishman  shd  be  kill'd  while  travelling  upon  the  Road, 
&  three  Children  captivated,  &  that  I  expect  that  the  Indians 
of  the  Penobscots  &  Norridgewalk  Tribes  shd  use  their  utmost 
Endeavours  that  those  Children  be  brought  to  the  Treaty  & 
delivered  up. 

Your  Friend  &  Serv*  S.  Phips 

Cpt.  Wm  Lithgow  -  at  Richmond  Fort 

The  same  to  Cpt  Jabez  Bradbury  at  the  Fort  at  Sl  Georges 


Letter,  Ll  Gov.  Phips  to  Col.  Ezkl  Cushing.     July  15,  1751. 

I  have  receive!  such  Advices  from  Cap*  Lithgow  at  Fort 
Richmond  as  gives  too  much  reason  to  fear  that  the  Indians 
of  Norridgewock  &  Penobscot  as  well  as  those  who  are  near 
to  Canada  design  to  break  with  us  &  that  the  People  on  the 
Frontiers  are  in  danger  of  being  suddenly  attack' d  by  them. 
You  are  therefore  immediately  to  give  notice  to  all  exposed 
places  to  be  on  their  guard  &  not  only  to  be  careful  for  their 
own  defence  but  to  use  their  utmost  endeavours  if  possible 
to  intercept  or  destroy  any  Indians  that  may  be  coming  in  an 
hostile  manner  against  them  &  it  might  prove  extreamly  ser- 
viceable if  any  of  them  could  be  captivated  &  I  doubt  not 
the  persons  who  should  effect  it  would  receive  an  handsome 
reward  from  the  Government.  At  the  same  time  as  we  have 
no  certainty  of  the  Disposition  of  the  Penobscots  and  Nor- 
ridgewocks,  caution  should  be  used  that  where  any  Indians 
shall  come  in  peaceably  &  no  Hostilitys  be  offerd  by  them 
they  should  still  be  treated  as  Friends  that  so  if  possible 
peace  may  be  preservd.  And  as  you  will  probably  have  fur- 
ther Intelligence  before  this  comes  to  your  hands  of  the  steps 
taken  by  the  Indians  &  may  hereafter  receive  Advices  before 
they  can  reach  me  I  must  leave  it  in  a  great  measure  to  your 
prudence  to  give  Orders  from  time  to  time  that  reprizals  may 
be  made  on  all  such  Indians  be  they  more  or  less  as  may 
attempt  or  evidently  design  to  annoy  us  &  that  you  cause 
men  to  be  raised  accordingly ;  &  at  the  same  time  to  avoid 
all  Hostilitys  against  such  Indians  as  are  willing  to  remain 
in  peace  &  shall  appear  in  a  friendly  manner.  And  that  you 
may  be  the  the  better  prepared  in  case  of  an  Attack  I  think 
it  convenient  &  it  is  my  direction  to  you  that  you  forthwith 
enlist  the  50  Men  for  whom  an  Establishment  has  been  made 
by  the  Court  to  attend  me  at  the  proposed  Interview  &  that 
they  be  kept  in  constant  readiness  to  march  against  any  of 


the  Enemy  who  may  come  upon  our  Frontiers  &  if  you  have 
reason  to  suspect  any  partys  to  be  lurking  about  with  a 
design  to  annoy  us  I  would  have  you  employ  the  whole  or 
any  part  of  said  Men  to  go  in  search  of  them  &  if  possible 
intercept  or  destroy  them. 

If  you  should  receive  any  Intelligence  which  may  look  as 
if  the  Penobscots  and  Norridgewocks  designd  to  attend  the 
Interview  at  Georges  &  that  our  present  suspicions  are  not 
well  grounded  you  must  be  very  careful  that  nothing  be  done 
to  hinder  them  as  I  have  great  hopes  that  a  War  may  be  pre- 
vented if  we  can  have  a  Meeting  with  them. 

Camb.  July  15,  1751 

Letter,  Ll  Gov.  Phips  to  Col.  Ezkl  Gushing 

Boston  July  23,  1751 

I  have  directed  Cpt.  Lithgow  to  have  his  Garrison  recruited 
with  ten  Men  ;  And  lest  he  should  not  be  able  to  enlist  them, 
I  have  informed  him  that  I  would  give  you  orders  to  raise 
them,  and  therefore  I  hereby  direct  &  impower  you  to  raise 
ten  Men  for  Recruiting  the  Garrison  at  Richmond  Fort  or  so 
many  as  Cpt.  Lithgow  shall  want  to  make  up  that  Number. 

By  my  advices  from  Cpt.  Lithgow  I  find  things  on  your 
Frontier  to  be  in  a  very  dangerous  State ;  And  therefore  I 
must  repeat  my  Orders  to  you  that  you  do  every  thing  neces- 
sary for  the  Protection  of  the  Inhabitants  &  repelling  &  pur- 
suing any  Indians  that  may  assault  them.  Sir  Wm  Pepperil 
complains  that  Care  is  not  taken  to  have  some  of  the  West- 
ern Parts  of  the  Co.  of  York  that  ly  exposed  advertised  of 
the  Appearance  of  an  Enemy  in  the  more  Eastern  Parts  You 
will  therefore  take  Care  that  Intelligence  be  given  to  all 
exposed  Places. 

Coll  Ezekiel  Cushing. 


Letter,  Ll  Grov.  Phips  to  Capt.  Jabez  Bradbury 

Boston  July  23,  1751. 

I  wrote  to  you  the  16th  Instant  &  sent  you  a  Copy  of  a 
Letter  I  had  recd  from  Cpt.  Lithgow.  Since  that  I  have 
recd  your  Letter  of  the  12th  Instant  with  one  from  the  Penob- 
scot Jesuit  written  at  the  Desire  of  the  Indians  of  that  Tribes ; 
which  represent  the  pacifick  Spirit  of  the  Penobscot  Indians. 
This  morning  I  recd  an  other  Letter  from  Cpt.  Lithgow  giv- 
ing an  Ace1  of  Mischiefs  done  by  a  great  Number  of  the 
Indians,  &  probably  divers  of  the  Norridgewocks. 

These  different  Accts  of  things  from  those  several  Quarters 
&  differ*  Behaviour  of  the  Indians  appear  very  hard  to  be 
reconciled.  I  have  therefore  thought  it  necessary  to  send 
Cpt.  Saunders  to  S*  Georges  &  Richmond  that  I  may  have 
as  early  Intelligence  of  Affairs  as  may  be  in  some  Hopes  that 
the  Norridgewocks  upon  Consultation  with  the  Penobscot 
Men  may  be  brought  over  to  their  Sentiments.  You  must 
send  me  the  fullest  Accounts  of  these  Affairs  you  can  possi- 
bly obtain  &  particularly  of  the  time  the  Indians  may  agree 
upon  for  the  Treaty  if  they  keep  staunch  to  their  Resolutions 
for  Peace ;  It  must  be  considered  that  these  late  Managemts 
of  the  Indians  have  necessarily  set  back  our  Preparations  for 
the  Treaty ;  Besides  you  must  inform  the  Indians  that  L* 
Govr  Mascarene  will  appear  there  in  behalf  of  the  Province 
of  Nova  Scotia.  Give  as  quick  a  Dispatch  to  Cpt.  Saunders 
as  may  be. 

Cap*  Jabez  Bradbury 

Letter,  Lt.  Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow 

I  have  recd  your  Letter  of  the  9th  &  15th  Inst*  &  am  sorry 
to  find  we  have  so  much  reason  to  fear  that  the  Norridgewock 


are  in  Confederacy  with  those  of  Sk  Francois  :  My  last  Advices 
from  Cpt.  Bradbury  gave  me  considerable  Encouragem1  to 
hope  that  the  Storm  might  blow  over.  In  the  mean  time  it 
seems  very  difficult  to  reconcile  the  different  Conduct  of  the 
Penobscot  &  Norridgewock  Indians  as  you  will  see  by  Cpt. 
Bradburys  &  the  Jesuits  Letters  Copies  of  wch  you  have 
herewith  inclosed. 

I  have  considered  the  small  Number  of  your  Garrison  & 
the  Difficulty  of  yre  Duty  as  you  have  represented  it  & 
accordingly  direct  &  impower  you  to  enlist  Ten  Men  for  the 
Reinforcem1,  of  yre  Garrison,  and  shall  write  to  Coll.  Cushing 
to  give  you  any  assistance  necessary  for  raising  the  Men. 

I  trust  in  your  Faithfulness  &  Prudence  for  the  right 
Managem*  of  affairs  in  this  difficult  Situation.  You  will  let 
me  have  Advices  from  time  to  time  of  every  thing  of  moment 
that  may  occur.  I  shall  send  Cpt.  Saunders  imediately  to  Sl 
Georges  River  to  have  further  Intelligence  of  the  Disposition 
of  the  French  Indians  &  I  shall  order  Cpt.  Bradbury  to 
advise  you  of  w*  may  be  necessary  you  shd  know  relating 
thereto  for  regulating  your  further  Conduct. 

Yr  Friend  &  Servant 

S.  Phips 

P.  S.  You  must  acquaint  me  in  your  next  what  Treaty 
or  Copy  of  a  Treaty  was  brought  into  your  Fort  &  delivd  up 
&  by  what  Indian. 

Cap*  Wm  Lithgow 

Letter,  John  Q-atchel  to  Col.  Ezkl  Cushing    July  25,  1751. 

Hond  Sr/ 

This  is  to  acquaint  you  that  yesterday  a  number  of  Indians 
attacked  some  of  our  people  as  they  were  mowing :  &  Carried 
Seven  Into  Captivity  viz  :  Edmund  Hinkley  Isaac  Hinkley 
Gideon  Hinkley  Sam11  Lumbers :  Sam11  Whitney  &  his  Son 



Sam11  Hezekiah  Purrenton  &  1 :  there  Goeing  of :  killed  & 
wounded  upwards  of  twentey  Cattle,  and  Carried  of  upwards 
of  four  Cattle  We  Judge  there  Number  to  be  Betwixt 
twentey  &  Thirtey:  We  are  In  A  Distressed  Condition  & 
without  we  Are  Speedily  Helped  Are  afraid  must  Abandon 
Our  Settlement,  this  Is  the  Substance  from  Yr  Hum.  Serv* 

John  Gatchel 
Brans*  July  25th  1751 

P:  S:  these  above  mentioned  persons  all  belonged  to  that 
part  of  the  town  Called  New  Meadows. 

Letter,  Enoch  Freeman  to  Lt  Gov.  Phips 

Falmouth  July  26th  1751 

The  moment  Coll0  Cushing  Sent  me  the  Inclosed,  and  as 
he  was  not  well,  desir'd  me  to  Express  it  to  your  Honour, 
which  I  have  done  by  one  Mr  Daniel  Tucker  - 

It  is  needless  to  represent  to  your  Honour  the  Distress 
and  Difficulty  of  our  Frontiers,  as  I  am  Sure  your  Honour, 
can  not  be  insensible  of  it  —  and  indeed  as  we  hear  an  Acco1 
is  lately  carry'd  to  Your  Honour  of  the  Peaceable  Disposition 
of  the  Indians,  we  Apprehend  it  wou'd  be  fruitless,  so  only 
in  Duty  Bound,  Send  the  Inclos'd  Letter  from  Cap*  John 
Gatchel  of  Brunswick  to  Coll0  Cushing  - 

I  am  Sir  Your  Honours  Most  Dutifull  &  Obed*  hum1  Serv* 

Enoch  Freeman 

Letter,  Jacob  Wendell  to  Hon.  Jbsiah  Willard 

Albany  July  26th  1751 
Mr  Secretary 

Sr     Agreable  to  the  desire  of  Brigadeer  Dwight  &  Coll0 

Partridge  I  have  waited  here  untill  the  return  of  Cap*  Van 

Shaial  &  Mr  Abeel  from  Crown  Point,  which  was  yesterday 


in  the  afternoon  with  Tenn  Prisoners  att  the  eastward  in  our 
Province  Viz*  Lazarus  Noble  with  his  wife  and  four  Children 
w"1  Jabez  Chub  and  Ann  Holmas  all  taken  from  Swann  Island 
near  Richmond,  and  William  Ross  and  his  Sonn  John  taken 
at  Sheepscutt,  with  one  Scotch  woman,  these  were  all  that 
were  att  Crowne  Point  Two  Children  more  of  Lazarus  Nobles 
Were  expected  there  dayly  as  they  Tell  me  but  were  not 
come,  when  they  came  from  thence,  So  could  not  Stay  for 
them  we  were  Oblidged  to  send  five  hundred  Dollars  to  Pay 
for  these  Tenn  and  John  Martin  redemption  from  the  Indians 
&  Clothing  before  they  would  Suffer  these  to  come  away 
which  mony  I  have  been  Oblidged  to  borrow  there,  and  also 
the  Charge  of  Sending  Twice  and  bringing  them  from  Crowne 
Point  here )  I  have  this  day  been  Providing  them  with  Shoes 
&ca  necessary  for  them  and  having  rested  here  a  little,  have 
agreed  to  send  them  early  in  the  morning  in  a  Battoe  about 
Thirty  Myles  down  ye  River  to  a  Place  Called  Claverack, 
and  from  thence  to  be  Carryed  in  a  waggen  to  Sheffield 
where  have  given  them  a  letter  to  David  Ingersoll  Esqr  & 
Cap'  Ashly  &ca  to  gett  horses  for  the  woman,  and  Children 
to  carry  them  to  Westfield,  where  „  have  given  them  a  letter 
to  the  Justices  &  Military  officers  to  Send  them  forward  to 
Brigadeer  Dwight,  who  will  forward  their  goeing  to  Boston 
&  There  I  have  directed  them  to  Apply  to  Yourself  for 
assistance  to  be  Sent  to  their  respective  Places  of  Abode, 
they  have  Signed  the  Promisary  note  the  Commissioners  sent 
by  Cap1  Van  Shayel  for  them  to  Sign  at  Crowne  Point,  and 
they  seem  to  be  Truely  Thankfull  for  their  Deliverance  out 
of  Captivity.  I  Purpose  now  the  begining  of  next  week  to 
Sett  out  for  Boston  Through  Connecticut,  and  hope  to  be  at 
home  the  week  after  next,  with  due  respects  to  His  Honnour 
the  Liev*  Governour  and  the  Council  I  remain  Thier  And 
Honble  Sr/     Your  most  Humble  Servant 

Jacob  Wendell 


P :  S  :  wee  gott  Two  Belts  made  here,  and  thinking  they 
may  be  wanted  to  Send  to  the  Eastward  have  Sent  them  by 
Mr  Noble  to  Deliver  to  Your  Self 

Honble  Josiah  Willard  Esqr 

[  Superscribed  ] 

To  The  Honourable  Josiah  Willard  Esqr 

Secretary  of  the  Province  of  The  Massachusetts  Bay 

att  Boston 

Letter,  John  North  to  Ll   Gov.  Phips 

Fort  Frederick  July  30th  1751 
May  it  Please  yr  Hon1 

The  Last  Evening  Captn  Sanders  Put  in  here  for  a  Har- 
bour, Who  Informs  that  the  Indians  on  Last  Thursday  took 
seven  Men  &  Kill'd  A  Number  of  Cattle  at  New  meadows ; 
Last  Saturday  and  Sabbath  We  heard  severall  Allarms,  But 
Cant  Give  An  Ace4,  of  What  Mischeif  Done  — 

On  the  21Bt  Ins*  I  recd  An  Express  from  yr  Honr  for  Captn 
Bradbury,  it  happen'd  there  was  a  Shoop  Bound  to  Broad 
bay  in  our  Harbour,  Otherwise  I  should  be  Oblidged  To  Hire 
Men  &  Boat ;  As  I  was  the  Last  Time  I  sent  your  Hon™ 
Letters  to  Georges. 

Therefore  I  Beg  Leave  To  offer  to  your  Hon"  More 
Decerning  Judgment,  the  necessity  of  Sending  or  Ordering  a 
Good  Boat  &  Oars ;  &  Men  so  that  I  May  be  Enabled  to 
Discharge  that  Duty,  yr  Honr  Was  Pleased  to  Confer  on  Me  ; 
As  Becomes  a  Soildeir  — 

If  your  Honr  Thinks  proper  to  Add  to  our  Number  I  shall 
be  Exceedingly  Obliged  to  yr  Honr  to  send  Western  Men; 
for  Our  Inhabitants  here  has  so  much  planting  Lumbering  & 
Stock  to  provide  Hay  for,  they  Cant  Attend  their  Duty,  I 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  165 

send  yr  Hon"  Table  by  Cap1  Sanders  &  Beg  Leave  to  Sub- 
scribe Your  Hon"  Most  Hum16  &  Dutyfull  Serv* 

John  North 

Letter,  Sir  Wm  Pepperrell  to  L%  Gov.  Phips    Aug.  6,  1751. 


I  have  received  your  Hon"  favour  of  ye  31.  of  last  month 
wherein  I  am  directed  to  Enlist  fifty  Able  bodied  Men  out  of 
the  Regiment  under  my  Command  and  to  send  them  to  Fal- 
mouth, to  be  under  the  Direction  of  Col0  Ezek1  Cushing  — 
upon  Sight  of  wcb  I  sent  for  Cap1  John  Harmon  who  I  think 
to  be  a  good  officer  and  directed  him  to  Enlist  ye  said  men  I 
Likewise  wrote  to  all  ye  Cap*8  in  this  Regiment  to  assist  him 
&  hope  yor  orders  will  soon  be  comply'd  with,  altho  Men  in 
this  part  of  the  County  are  Very  Scarce  by  reason  that  maney 
was  Lost  at  Louisbourg,  Meanus  &  going  there,  and  the  last 
year  when  there  was  an  impress  here  Several  young  men 
run  out  of  this  part  of  the  County  to  New  Hampshire  & 
there  continue.  I  am  of  opinion  that  several  parts  in  this 
Regiment  ly's  as  much  exposed  to  the  Indians  as  the  other 
doth.  I  should  be  glad  to  know  what  must  be  don  if  the 
Men  will  not  Enlist. 

your  Commands  Shall  be  Obeyd  by 

Sir  your  Hon"  Most  Obed*  Humble  Servant 
Kittery  August  6th  1751  Wm  Pepperrell 

His  Honr  Lieu*  Gov1  Phips 

[  Superscribed  ] 

On  His  Majestys  Service       2/6 

To  the  Honourable  Leiu*  Gov1  Phips  Commander  in  Chief  of 

His  Majesty8  Province  of  the  Massachusets  Bay 

att  Cambridge 


Letter,  Josiah  Willard  to  Col.  Israel  Williams 

Boston  Aug.  9,  1751. 

I  am  directed  by  the  Lieut.  Govr  &  Council  to  inform  you 
that  after  all  the  solemn  Professions  of  the  Penobscot  Indians 
to  maintain  the  Peace,  &  their  great  Desires  to  meet  the 
Lieut.  Gov1  at  S*  Georges  &  attend  the  proposed  Treaty 
there,  for  confirming  the  same.  This  morning  we  have  cer- 
tain Advices  from  Opt.  Bradbury  that  a  considerable  number 
of  the  Penobscot  Indians  had  joined  with  those  of  Se  Francois, 
&  that  in  a  Day  or  two  they  would  set  upon  the  English 
inhabiting  on  S*  Georges  River.  This  Advice  I  am  Ordered 
to  send  you  &  to  desire  that  you  would  in  the  most  suitable 
manner  apprize  the  Inhabitants  above  you  &  other  Places 
about  you  that  may  ly  exposed  to  an  Enemy,  of  this  State  of 
affairs,  that  so  they  may  provide  for  their  Defence  ;  &  par- 
ticularly that  you  would  give  Intelligence  of  these  Matters 
to  the  several  Garrisons  at  Number  Four,  Fort  Dummer  & 
Fort  Massachusets,  or  else  where  in  yre  Neighbourhood  there 
may  be  any  Soldiers  in  the  Pay  of  the  Province. 
I  am  Sir  your  very  humble  Serv1 

J  Willard 
Col0  Israel  Williams 

Answer  to  Petition  of  Third  Parish  In  Kittery.  Sept.  25, 1751. 

To  the  HonDle  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieutenant  Governour 
and  Commander  in  Chief  in  &  over,  His  Majestys 
Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay  in  New  England, 
and  to  the  Honble  His  Majestys  Council  and  the  Honble 
House  of  Representatives  for  said  Province  in  General 
Court  assembled.  - 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  167 

The  first  or  Lower  Parish  of  Kittery  having  been  served 
by  Order  of  the  Great  &  General  Court  with  the  Copy  of  a 
Petition  &  Remonstrance  of  the  third  Parish  in  said  Town 
which  said  Parish  have  preferred  to  your  Honours  bearing 
Date  ye  4th  April  1751,  And  the  said  first  Parish  having  also 
been  ordered  by  your  Honours  to  shew  Cause  why  the 
Prayer  of  sd  Petition  should  not  be  granted,  In  Obedience  to 
the  same  beg  Leave  to  observe. 

That  in  the  Year  of  our  Lord  1660  before  Berwick  was 
taken  off  from  Kittery  and  erected  into  a  Township,  the  said 
Town  of  Kittery  was  divided  into  three  parts,  and  in  about 
nine  years  after,  the  sd  Town  of  Kittery  made  a  Grant  of  150 
Acres  of  Land  to  each  Division  for  the  use  &  Service  of  the 
Ministry  for  ever,  And  that  in  Process  of  time  when  the 
lower  Division  came  to  lay  out  their  Grant  of  said  150 
Acres  It  so  happened  that  it  interfered  with  other  Grants 
that  were  laid  out  prior  to  this,  by  wch  means  there  is  left 
remaining  of  said  150  Acres  but  about  80  Acres,  which  is 
all  that  the  now  first  Parish  of  Kittery  can  claim  or  do 
possess  in  virtue  of  sd  Grant :  and  which,  at  the  Settlement 
of  our  Senior  Pastor  the  Revd  Mr  Newmarch,  was  voted  to 
him  "  during  his  Ability  to  Preach  and  no  longer,  and  after- 
"  wards  to  succeed  to  the  Minister  that  should  be  next  called 
"  &  settled  in  his  Room. "  as  by  a  Vote  of  the  old  Parish 
may  fully  appear.  In  which  Vote  the  Petitioners  were  as 
active  as  ourselves  &  they  can  by  no  means  pretend  yl  ye 
Minister  they  claim  it  for  is  Mr  Newmarches  Successor. 
Accordinly  when  we  proceeded  to  settle  the  Revd  Mr  Stevens, 
the  sd  Land  was  taken  into  Possession  by  him  not  in  a  pre- 
posterous &  clandestine  Manner  as  the  sd  third  Parish 
unjustly  alledge  ;  But  after  several  publick  Meetings  legally 
called  &  held,  when  among  other  things  the  Matter  was  fully 
considered  &  treated,  and  which  gave  opportunity  for  some 
of  the  Leading  Men  of  the  third  Parish  to  give  their  Attend- 


ance,  which  they  accordingly  did,  &  consequently  the  third 
Parish  had  notice  enough  of  our  Proceedings.  But  we  beg 
further  to  observe  to  your  honours,  that  if  the  sd  third  Parish 
Had  remained  with  us,  they  might  have  enjoyed  not  only 
the  said  80  Acres  of  Land  but  every  other  Benefit  &  Privi- 
lege in  common  with  us.  But  such  was  their  Disposition 
for  many  years  past  that  nothing  would  content  them  but  a 
new  Parish  for  which  they  used  any  Methods  that  they 
thought  likely  to  accomplish  their  End  &  having  long  kept 
us  in  very  unhappy  Circumstances  harrassing  of  us  by  num- 
berless Meetings  at  all  Seasons  of  the  Year  to  the  great 
Damage  of  the  Inhabitants  in  general,  and  to  the  great 
hindrance  of  the  Success  of  the  Gospell  among  us,  and  being 
left  without  any  Prospect  of  reistablishing  the  publick  Wor- 
ship of  God  which  by  their  Counter-acting  us  in  all  our 
proceedings  for  obtaining  help,  was  for  a  long  time  most 
shamefully  neglected. 

We  were  obliged  to  come  into  an  Agreement  with  them 
for  dividing  the  then  lower  Parish  of  Kittery  into  two 
seperate  Parishes,  and  it  was  voted  to  be  done  by  five  Men 
chosen  for  that  Purpose  in  the  following  Manner  viz1  "  the 
"  whole  Soil  of  the  lower  Parish  of  Kittery  to  be  divided 
"  into  two  equal  Halfes  for  Quantity  &  Quality  "  which  Vote 
being  given  to  the  said  Referees  as  the  sole  Rule  of  their 
Conduct,  we  fully  expected  that  a  due  Regard  would  be  paid 
to  it,  But  from  an  undue  Influence  that  some  of  the  Inhabi- 
tants of  the  third  Parish  had  upon  some  of  the  Referees,  or 
rather  from  their  very  greatly  mistaking  ( as  we  humbly  con- 
ceive )  the  natural  &  intended  meaning  of  the  Words,  their 
Report  was  given  very  greatly  to  the  Prejudice  of  the  l8t  or 
lower  Parish,  which  however  for  peace  sake  we  acquiesced 
in,  in  hopes  that  the  small  Pittance  or  Scantling  allotted  us 
the  ancient  and  Mother  Parish  might  have  been  enjoyed  by 
us  with  all  its  Privileges  &  Immunities  as  free  from  Molles- 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAHSTE  169 

tation  as  we  thought  our  confined  Bounds  had  secured  us 
from  their  Envy,  But  herein  we  are  disappointed,  and  as  our 
last  Resort  humbly  intreat  your  Honours  will  in  your  great 
Goodness  Wisdom  &  Justice  interpose  on  our  Behalf  &  con- 
firm to  us  what  we  enjoy  or  grant  us  the  favour  of  a  Commit- 
tee of  the  Honourable  Court  to  make  a  Division  agreeable  to 

the  Vote  of  the  Parish  for  that  Purpose. But  to  proceed  — 

The  Petitioners  will  still  appear  more  unreasonable  if  its 
consider'd  that  their  Parish  is  capable  of  Enlargement  and 
will  undoubtedly  have  a  large  Augmentation  of  Families 
from  the  second  Parish,  there  being  many  of  them  who  live 
quite  convenient  to  that  Meeting  House  while  they  are  at  a 
much  greater  Distance  from  their  own,  Whereas  the  first 
Parish  is  bounded  by  the  Sea  &  can  expect  no  such  advant- 
age. We  are  sorry  that  we  have  Occasion  to  take  Notice  of 
their  most  egregiously  misrepresenting  things  to  your  Hon- 
ours, to  instance  in  some  only,  They  declare  that  they  were 
obliged  by  a  Major  Vote  of  the  Parish  to  pay  their  Pro- 
portion of  purchasing  a  House  lott  for  the  Minister  which  is 
so  far  from  the  Truth,  that  it  was  purchased  by  a  Subscrip- 
tion made  by  the  Inhabitants  dwelling  in  the  present 
Confines  of  this  Parish.  The  same  we  can  truly  assert  con- 
cerning the  building  of  two  Meeting  houses  ( one  of  which 
was  destroyed  by  Lightning)  within  about  thirty  Years, 
excepting  what  was  given  by  two  or  three  of  the  Inhabitants 
of  the  third  Parish,  or  their  Predecessors,  for  which  they  had 
Pews,  and  have  sold  them,  so  that  they  have  had  in  Common 
with  us,  with  only  the  Expence  of  a  few  Repairs,  what 
brought  an  almost  intolerable  Burthen  upon  us.  Some 
Years  since  the  third  Parish  erected  a  Meeting  house  for 
their  own  Conveniency,  to  which  some  of  the  Inhabitants  of 
this  Parish  handsomely  contributed,  as  they  did,  for  purchas- 
ing a  Bell  likewise,  for  it,  without  having  so  much  as  one 
Pew  to  reimburse  any  part  of  the  Charge.     Moreover  there 


has  for  a  long  time  been  constant  preaching  in  said  Meeting 
house  and  the  Expence  thereof  born  by  us  in  the  same  Pro- 
portion as  Mr  Newmarches  Sallary.  Its  true  that  one  hun- 
dred Pounds  was  paid  out  of  the  common  Stock  towards  the 
Building  a  house  for  the  Minister,  but  the  Residue  of  the 
Expence  was  discharged  by  Subscriptions  among  ourselves, 
&  in  which  they  had  no  part,  there  was  a  Little  Barn  raised 
&  something  more  done  to  it  at  the  Expence  of  the  Parish 
but  has  never  been  finished  to  this  Day  the  Burying  Place 
also  was  in  like  manner  walled,  and  they  &  their  Ancestors 
have  used  it  in  common  with  us  &  ours,  &  they  may  still 
use  it  for  themselves  &  Families. —  When  they  please  —  The 
whole  Charge  of  this  was  about  <£40  Old  Tenr  We  must 
acknowledge  our  Bell  was  once  recast  at  the  Expence  of  the 
old  Parish,  but  that  they  were  concerned  in  the  Expence  of 
purchasing  the  first  Bell  or  recasting  it  when  melted  by  the 
Lightning  we  must  absolutely  deny  ( for  half  the  First  Bell 
was  given  by  Coll0  Pepperrell  deceased,  and  they  that  sub- 
scribed to  build  the  Meeting  House  in  the  room  of  that 
which  was  destroyed  by  Lightning,  paid  for  the  other  half ) 
And  it  will  be  as  difficult  for  them  to  prove  their  paying  a 
share  of  a  thousand  Pounds,  in  such  ways  as  they  assert  in 
their  Petition,  as  to  clear  themselves  of  the  Imputation  of 
being  a  very  contentious  People,  to  say  no  worse  of  them. 

On  the  whole  considering  that  they  &  their  Predecessors 
have  had  Meeting  Houses  built  for  them  for  near  100  Years 
without  any  considerable  Charge  to  them,  And  the  other 
Facts  that  have  been  &  may  be  established,  and  especially 
considering  that  it  was  a  kind  of  force  Upon  us  that  they 
were  sett  off  and  that  it  has  been  (if  we  are  not  very  much 
mistaken )  almost  an  invariable  Practice  of  the  Great  & 
General  Court  in  Cases  parallel  to  this  to  confirm  to  the 
Ancient  or  Mother  Parish  as  well  the  Parsonage  House  & 
Land  as  the  Meeting  house  itself. 


We  doubt  not  your  Honours  will  consider  their  Petition 
as  impertinent  and  Groundless  as  it  is  false  &  vexatious  and 
accordingly  dismiss  it,  Ordering  your  humble  Respondents 
Cost.     And  as  in  Duty  bound  shall  ever  pray. 

Wm  Pepperrell 
Kittery  Septr  25th  1751 


To  the  honble  the  Ll  Governour  &  Commander  in  chief  the 
honble  his  Majestys  Council  &  House  of  Representates 
of  the  Prov  of  Massa  Bay  in  General  Court  assembled 
Octor  2,  1751  — 
Humbly  Shews  Tho8  Sanders  Command1"  of  Sloop  Massach8 

That  your  Memorialst  for  divers  years  past  has  been  em- 
ploy'd  in  the  Service  of  the  Province,  upon  an  establishment 
of  monthly  wages  for  the  Sloop  as  well  as  for  himself  & 
Company  &  made  up  the  Rolls  accordingly  &  expected 
upon  all  occasions  to  be  at  the  call  and  under  the  direction 
of  the  Government,  but  it  so  happen'd  that  in  month  of  July 
1750  an  offer  being  made  to  carry  Down  to  the  several  Forts 
&  Garrisons  &  likewise  to  bring  back  from  them  all  nec- 
essary Stores  &  Articles  relating  to  the  Trade  with  the 
Indians  at  a  lower  rate  than  the  Establishment  your  Mem- 
orialist was  upon ;  rather  than  leave  the  Service  of  the 
Province  in  which  he  had  been  so  long  employ 'd  he  under- 
took to  carry  all  necessary  Supplys  to  &  bring  all  necessary 
Articles  from  the  Garrisons  aforesaid  during  the  Term  of 
one  Year  from  the  4th  July  1750  &  expected  at  any  time 
when  the  Sloop  was  not  wanted  in  whole  or  in  part  in  the 
Service  aforesaid,  that  the  whole  or  part  thereof  might  be 
improved  for  his  own  benefit,  But  on  the  30th  day  of  August. 
1750  your  Memorialist  received  Orders  from  his  Honour  the 


L*  Governour  to  attend  with  his  Sloop  on  his  Majestys  Ship 
Success  the  Rl  honble  Lord  Colvill  Commander,  along  the 
Sea  Coast  as  far  as  Penobscott,  in  which  Service  he  continued 
19  days  &  afterwards  your  Memorialist  receiv'd  other  Orders 
to  attend  the  Indians  at  S*  Georges  &  up  to  Boston  in  which 
Service  he  continued  21  days  —  Now  as  your  Memorialist 
humbly  conceives  that  he  has  fully  comply'd  with  his 
engagem18  to  the  Province  to  supply  the  several  Forts  & 
Garrisons  as  aforesaid  &  that  the  other  services  above 
mention'd  have  been  performed  over  &  above  what  he  con- 
tracted to  do,  and  he  has  thereby  been  deprived  of  the  bene- 
fit he  might  otherwise  have  receiv'd  from  the  Sloop  during 
that  Term  of  time ; —  therefore  prays  that  your  Honours 
would  allow  him  to  make  up  his  Roll  for  the  19  days  &  the 
21  days  aforesaid,  both  for  Wages  &  subsistance,  he  having 
purchas'd  Provisions  during  that  Term,  both  for  himself  & 
Company  without  any  Charge  to  the  Province  —  Or  that  he 
may  be  otherwise  reliev'd  as  to  your  Wisdoms  shall  seem 
meet  &  as  in  Duty  bound  shall  pray 

Thos  Sanders 

In  the  House  of  Repves  Oct1  10  1761 

Read  and  Ordered  that  the  Prayer  of  the  Petr  be  granted 
and  the  Petr  be  allowed  to  make  up  a  Muster  roll  for  the 
forty  Days  mentioned  accordingly. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  Octr  11  1751 

Read  and  Concur'd  J  Willard  Secry 

Consented  to  S  Phips 

New  Marblehead. 

To  his  Honour  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieutenant  Governer 
and    Commander    in    Chief   in    and  over  his  Majesties 

OF   THE   STATE    OF   MAINE  173 

Province  of  the  Massachusets  Bay  The  Honble  his  Maj- 
esties Council  &  Honble  House  of  Representatives  of  sd 
Province  in  General  Court  assembled  at  Boston  the  27th 
day  of  March  1751 
Whereas    this    HonWe    Court   have  Directed    the  Several 
Clerks  of  the  Townships  lately  Granted  To  Deposit  into  the 
Secretarys    Office   attested   Copies   under   Oath    of   all  the 
Original  Grants    together  with  a  List  of  the  Names  of  the 
Grantees  and   who   have   fulfilled   the  Conditions    of   their 

And  whereas  I  the  Subscriber  am  at  present  Clerk  to  the 
Grantees  or  Proprietors  of  a  Township  Granted  to  Sixty  of 
the  Inhabitants  of  Marblehead  in  the  County  of  Essex,  and 
laid  out  on  the  Back  of  the  Towns  of  Falmouth  and  North 
Yarmouth  in  the  County  of  York  (now  commonly  Called 
New  Marblehead )  I  hereby  Humbly  Informe  your  Hon™ 
That  in  Obedience  to  Your  Orders  Did  lay  before  this  Honble 
Court  an  attested  Copy  (  being  under  Oath  as  Clerk  )  of  the 
Original  Grant  with  the  Names  of  the  Grantees,  on  the  Second 
friday  of  the  last  May  Sessions. 

But  at  Present  I  cannot  attest  who  have  fulfilled  the  Con- 
ditions of  the  Grant.  By  Reason  of  the  great  distance  of  sd 
Township  from  the  place  where  I  Dwell  and  the  Danger  of 
going  to  sd  Township,  when  the  Indians  are  Lurking  about 
and  last  fall  carried  away  (  or  killed  )  a  young  man  from  sd 
Township  and  since  the  late  Orders  of  this  Honble  Court,  it 
being  a  Dificult  Season  of  the  Year,  and  I  being  advanced  in 
Age  to  above  Sixty  Years  Humbly  Begg  That  this  Honble 
Court  would  Excuse  me  at  present  And  not  impute  my 
Omission  as  don  in  Contempt  to  your  Honrs  for  I  always 
have,  and  Ever  shall,  count  it  my  Duty  to  Obey  your  Orders, 
and  shall  count  it  a  great  unhappiness  to  Incur  your  Dis- 
pleasure But  if  the  Grantees  at  their  next  Annual  meeting 
See  meet  to  Chuse  me  for  their  Clerk  (  the  year  Ensueing  ) 


and  my  Abilities  and  Oppertunity  permitt,  I  will  go  to  Said 
Township  and  take  an  impartial  Account  of  what  is  don  on 
Each  Home  Lott  and  lay  before  this  Honble  Court  (  at  next 
may  Sessions  ( if  Required  )  an  attested  Account  on  Oath  of 
Each  Proprietor  who  have  fulfilled  the  Conditions  of  their 

And  am  as  in  Duty  Your  Honrs  most  Huble  &  Obedient 
Serv1  Willm  Goodwin 

Second  Parish  in  Falmouth. 

Anno  Regni  Regis  Georgii  Secundi  Vicesimo  Quarto.  ~ 

An  Act  for  Erecting  a  new  Town  within  the  County  of 
York  by  the  Name  of 

Whereas  the  second  Parish  (  so  called )  in  the  Town  of 
Falmouth  in  the  County  of  York,  is  competently  fill'd  with 
Inhabitants,  who  labour  under  very  great  difficultys  by 
reason  that  they  cannot  attend  upon  the  Publick  Meetings 
of  the  Town  without  going  some  of  'em  ten,  and  others 
fifteen  Miles  by  Land,  and  for  that  they  cannot  keep  a  con- 
stant School  among  them,  for  want  of  which  their  Children 
greatly  suffer  in  their  Education,  tho'  they  pay  their  propor- 
tionable part  of  the  Charge  of  maintaining  a  Grammer 
School  in  the  other  part  of  the  Town  and  would  be  glad  now 
wholly  to  maintain  a  Schoolmaster  if  they  could  be  Sett  off 
as  a  Town  by  themselves,  and  having  thereupon  made 
application  to  this  Court,  that  they  may  be  Sett  off  a  Distinct 
and  Seperate  Town,  &  be  Vested  with  all  the  Powers  and 
Priviledges  of  a  Town.  - 

Be  it  therefore  Enacted  by  the  Lieutenant  Governour, 
Council  and  Representatives,  that  the  said  Parish  ( commonly 
called  the  Second  Parish  in  Falmouth)  be  and  hereby  is 
Sett  off  and  Constituted  a  Seperate  Township  by  the  Name 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  175 

of  the  same  being  on  the  South  side  of  Four  River 

so  called  in  Falmouth,  and  runs  up  said  River  towards 
Stroutwater  River  until  it  comes  within  half  a  Mile  of  the 
mouth  or  Entrance  of  said  Stroutwater  River  and  then  runs 
on  a  due  West  Course  or  Line  across  to  Scarborough  Line 
Containing  about  Ten  Miles  in  length  and  five  Miles  in 

And  that  the  Inhabitants  of  said  Lands  be  and  they 
hereby  are  Vested  with  the  Powers  Priveledges  and  Immun- 
ities that  the  Inhabitants  of  any  of  the  Towns  in  this 
Province  are  or  ought  by  Law  to  be  Vested  with  ~  Provided 
also  that  they  pay  their  part  of  the  Repairs  of  the  Great 
Bridge  over  the  four  River  in  the  same  Proportion  as  they 
pay  to  the  Province  Tax  till  the  further  Order  of  this 
Court.  ~ 

In  the  House  of  RepveB  March  29th  1751. 
Read  a  first  time 

P.  M.  a  Second  and  third  time  and  pass'd  to  be  Engross'd 
Sent  up  for  concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  April  2  1751  Read  a  first  time, 

P  M  —  Read  a  second  time  &  Pass'd  a  Concurrence 

J   Willard  Secry 


Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay. 

To  the  Honble  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieutenant  Governour 
&  Commander  in  chief ;  To  the  Honorble  his  Majestys 
Council  &  House  of  Representatives  for  said  Province 
Humbly  Sheweth 

The  Memorial  of  the  Proprietors  of  that  Tract  of  Land 
lying  on  both  sides  of  Kenebeck  River  which  was  granted  to 
the  late  Colony  of  New  Plymouth  in  their  Charter. 


That  your  Memorialists  are  concerned  in  the  Event  of  the 
Petition  of  the  Settlers  at  Witchasset  as  the  same  is  within 
the  Limits  of  your  Memorialists  Patent  and  as  your  Memo- 
rialists are  satisfyed  that  Erecting  them  into  a  District  will 
serve  the  Interest  of  the  Settlement,  they  beg  leave  to  joyn 
with  the  Petitioners  in  praying  this  Hon1  Court  that  the  Set- 
tlement at  Witchassett  may  be  erected  into  a  District  and 
further  your  Memorialists  would  represent  to  your  Honours 
that  many  other  settlements  are  making  &  will  soon  be  made 
in  the  Neighbourhood  of  Witchassett  which  will  soon  be 
under  the  same  necessity  of  being  formed  into  distinct  Dis- 
tricts with  proper  Extent  &  Limitts  And  that  if  Witchasset 
should  be  made  a  District  according  to  the  Bounds  proposed 
they  will  be  Twenty  Miles  in  Length  on  both  sides  a  Navi- 
gable River  which  length  &  Situation  your  Memorialists 
humbly  conceive  will  be  not  only  inconvenient  hereafter  to 
the  Petitioners  but  will  be  an  impediment  to  the  Regular  & 
proper  formation  of  other  Towns  &  Districts  in  their  Vicin- 
ity. Your  Memorialists  therefore  humbly  pray  a  Committe 
may  be  appointed  to  Enquire  into  the  Situation  &  Circum- 
stances of  the  Lands  thereabouts  &  Consider  what  Bounds 
will  be  proper  for  such  District  &  that  the  same  may  be  the 
Bounds  by  which  the  Petitioners  may  be  incorporated  and 
your  Memorialists  shall  ever  Pray 

David  Jeffries  Jacob  Wendell 

Jaz  Fox  Wm  Brattle 

Cha  Apthorp  Thomas  Hancock 

James  Pitts  Robert  Temple 

Ed  Tyng  Silv.  Gardiner 

Joshua  Winslow         Willm  Bowdoin 
Benja  Hallowell  James  Bowdoin 

John  Jones 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  177 

Extract  from  D  Govr's  Speech.     May  28,  1752. 

"  Agreeable  to  the  desire  of  the  two  Houses  the  last  year, 
I  have  sent  Gentlemen  to  Canada,  in  order  to  obtain  the 
release  of  those  unhappy  persons  who  were  carried  into  cap- 
tivity, and  I  hope  the  negotiation  will  be  managed  with 
prudence  and  attended  with  success." 

"S  Phips" 
"Concord  Council  Chamber  May  ye  28th  1752" 

Phillipstown  Petition  "  May  29,  1752:' 

To  His  Honr  Spencer  Phipps  Esq1  L'  Govern1  &  Com- 
mander in  chief  in  and  over  His  Majesty's  Province  of 
the  Massachusetts  Bay. 

The  Honble  His  Majesty's  Council  &  the  Honble  House  of 
Representatives  in  Gener1  Court  Assembled  May  27th  1758- 

The  Subscribers  most  humbly  shew,  That  the  Prop"  of  a 
Large  Tract  of  Land  Eight  Miles  Square  situate  at  the 
Inland  head  of  the  Town  of  Wells  commonly  called  by  the 
Name  of  Phillips  town  beginning  at  a  Small  Pine  Tree  stand- 
ing upon  the  North  Corner  of  said  Wells  Township  &  on  the 
South  West  side  of  Kennebunk  River  upon  the  North  End 
of  a  Rockey  Hill  which  Tree  is  marked  four  sides  thence 
South  West  by  Wells  bounds  Eight  Miles  to  a  Pitch  Pine 
Tree  mark'd  four  Sides  &  with  the  Lettr  N.  upon  the  North 
side  &  being  upon  the  West  Side  of  a  Marsh  or  Fresh 
Meadow  called  Merryland  Meadows  &  runs  from  thence 
North  West  Eight  Miles  to  a  great  Hemlock  Tree  marked  on 
four  Sides  standing  three  Miles  to  the  Northward  of  Bonne- 
beege  Hills,  thence  North  East  Eight  Miles  to  a  Large  White 
Oak  Tree  mark'd  on  four  Sides  &  thence  South  East  Eight 



Miles  to  the  Pine  Tree  began  at-  in  Ordr  to  bring  forward 
the  settlement  thereof  for  a  Township  agreeable  to  the  intent 
of  Majr  William  Phillips  in  his  first  Granting  the  same  )  did 
Grant  to  Forty  Persons  One  Hundred  &  Thirty  Acres  each 
being  part  of  said  Tract  upon  certain  Conditions  of  their  set- 
tling the  same  )  That  there  are  now  in  consequence  thereof 
some  of  our  Families  to  the  Numb1  of  more  than  Twenty 
settled  upon  the  said  Tract  &  upwards  of  100  Souls  most  of 
whom  thro'  the  Assistance  &  protection  afforded  them  by 
this  Province  have  stood  it  out  all  the  last  War  without  the 
loss  of  even  so  much  as  One  Person  to  the  great  encouragem1 
of  not  only  your  Petitioners  but  many  others  who  frequently 
are  coming  to  settle  In  the  said  place  &  building  there  which 
give  hopeful  prospects  of  a  Flourishing  settlement  in  a  Few 
Years  if  still  Suitably  encouraged  and  would  in  process  of 
Time  not  only  be  of  service  to  the  Neighbour  Towns  as  a 
Barrier  to  them  in  Case  of  an  Indian  War  but  'tis  hop'd  to 
the  Province  in  General,  That  their  Greatest  Difficulties  at 
present  is  their  being  under  no  proper  regulation  of  an 
Incorporated  Town  or  Precinct,  so  no  powr  or  Priviledge  of 
Raising  money  and  Obliging  the  Nonresident  Settlers  & 
Prop"  to  pay  their  proportion  for  the  Support  and  Mainte- 
nance of  the  Gospel  among  them  so  necessary  for  the  preven- 
tion of  Irreligion  &  profaness  as  well  as  for  the  Edification  of 
such  as  are  Religious  and  well  dispos'd  And  such  other 
necessary  changes  ariseing  in  makeing  &  keeping  in  Repair 
necessary  and  convenient  Highways  &c 

Wherefore  your  Petitioners  pray  this  Court  to  take  the 
Premisses  into  consideration  &  of  their  wonted  goodness  & 
Parental  care  for  such  Infant  Settlements  Incorporate  them 
into  a  Town  or  Precinct  &  Grant  ym  such  Powers  &  Privi- 
ledges  as  have  been  usual  for  such  ~  or  Provide  such  other 
way  &  means  for  the  effectual  redress  of  their  inconveniencies 
aforesaid  And  Incourage  the  srt  Settlem1  as  this  Court  in  their 



Wisdom  shall  Judge  most  fit  &  reasonable  &  Your  Petitioners 
as  in  duty  bound  shall  ever  pray 

John  Frost 

Moses  Fowler 

Thomas  Donnell 

Dan1  Moulton 

John  Stanyan 

John  Garey 

Jeremiah  Dunham  N 

John  Low  Jonathan  J 

Robert  Miller  John  Urin 

James  Chadbourn  James  Chadbourn  Junr 
John  Chadbourn    Joshua  Chadbourn 
Jeremiah  Moulton  testo  Eph  Low 

Benja  Holt 
Sam11  Staples 

Jos  :  Simpson  jur 
Sam11  Willson 
Sam11  Cane 
Edward  Waterhouse 

Letter,  Ll  Gov.  Phips  to  Cajjt.  Jabez  Bradbury 

Concord  June  5,  1752. 
Cpt.  Jabez  Bradbury 

I  have  received  a  Letter  from  Squadock  the  chief  of  the 
Penobscot  Tribe,  Requesting  that  I  would  appoint  a  Time 
for  Meeting  them  at  Sl  Georges ;  I  have  taken  the  game  into 
Consideration  with  the  various  Circumstances  attending  this 
affair;  And  forasmuch  as  I  cann't  understand  that  the  Nor- 
ridgewock  Tribe  have  come  to  any  Resolution  to  attend  with 
their  Delegates  at  the  proposed  Treaty  and  the  Small  Pox 
being  still  rife  in  the  Town  of  Boston,  It  cannot  be  conven- 
ient to  meet  the  Indians  till  the  Fall  of  the  Year,  when  I 
hope  all  Hazzard  of  Carrying  the  infection  among  them  will 
be  over,  and  the  Penobscot  Indians  will  have  further  Oppor- 
tunity to  bring  in  the  Norridgewocks  to  the  Treaty,  without 
which  there  can  be  no  Safety  in  a  Treaty  with  the  other 
Tribes :  Therefore  you  will  acquaint  the  Indians ;  that  as 
soon  as  they  can  firmly  engage  the  Norridgewock  Tribe  to 


join  them  in  this  Treaty  &  let  me  be  informed,  I  will  appoint 
a  Time  in  the  Fall  of  the  Year,  to  meet  them  either  in  Per- 
son ( if  my  Health  &  the  Affairs  of  the  Governm*  will  allow 
me)  or  by  Gentlemen  I  shall  Commissionate  for  this  Service: 
And  I  expect  that  you  punctually  advise  me  of  all  Matters 
relating  to  this  affair,  as  you  have  Occasion  &  Opportunity. 

Letter,  Gov.  Shirley,  in  London,  to  Secry  Willard 

S*  James's  Street  June  24,  1752 

I  take  the  first  Opportunity  of  writing  to  you  after  my 
Arrival  here  from  Paris. —  The  Negotiation  in  which  his 
Majesty  did  me  the  honour  to  appoint  me  one  of  his  Com- 
missarys  is  not  yet  brought  to  a  Conclusion. —  We  have  on 
our  part  set  forth  in  a  Memorial  delivered  to  the  French 
Commissarys  in  January  1750/1,  the  Proofs  &  Evidences  of 
what  we  Claim  to  be  the  true  ancient  limits  of  Nova  Scotia 
or  Accadie  in  Consequence  of  the  Treaty  of  Utrecht  and 
endeavoured  to  support  the  Right  of  the  Crown  to  that 
Country  according  to  those  Limits ;  And  in  particular  we 
have  claimed  all  that  Territory  lying  between  the  Rivers 
Kennebeck  and  Pentagoet  commonly  called  Penobscot, 
bounded  northerly  by  the  River  Canada,  as  being  part  of 
New  England  by  ancient  Original  Right,  and  afterwards 
ceeded  to  us  by  France  at  the  aforesaid  Treaty,  as  what  they 
pretended  to  be  and  called  Part  of  Accadie ;  insisting  upon 
our  Double  Title  to  it  by  ancient  Right  and  by  Virtue  of  the 

Some  Months  after  the  French  Commissaries  delivered  to 
us  a  Mem°  containing  the  pretensions  of  France  to  the  Island 
Sl  Lucia  one  of  the  four  Carribee  Islands  in  dispute  between 
the  two  Crowns. 


In  October  1751  they  likewise  delivered  us  a  Memorial 
of  near  260  Pages  an  appendix  of  upwards  of  100  the  latter 
consisting  of  Copies  of  ancient  Records  and  other  Instru- 
ments, in  answer  to  our  Memorial  upon  the  limits  of  Nova 
Scotia  or  Accadie. 

In  this  Memorial  which  abounds  with  Sophistry  &  Misrep- 
resentations, they  have  in  particular  cited  out  of  Escarbots 
History  of  New  France  published  about  the  Year  1616,  Laets 
History  of  America  called  Novus  Orbis  &c  printed  in  1617, 
Champlains  Voyages  into  New  France  published  about  1631, 
and  the  Sieur  Denys's  Discription  of  the  Coast  of  N°  America 
printed  between  1670  and  1680,  many  Independent  Passages 
and  Expressions  and  the  Scope  of  the  whole  is  to  prove  that 
Nova  Scotia  is  "  Un  Nomen  Air  "  an  imaginary  Country,  the 
ancient  Accadie  as  to  its  Sea  Coast  is  Confined  between  Cape 
Sables  and  Cape  Canceau,  expressly  excluding  the  Islands 
of  Canceau ;  and  as  to  its  Inland  Limits  they  contend,  it 
never  had  any  settled  ones ;  that  those  are  to  be  now 
assign'd  by  the  Commissarys,  but  that  they  cant  extend  as 
far  as  Annapolis  Royal,  which  they  insist  is  not  within 

A  few  Weeks  after  the  delivery  of  this  Memorial  we 
received  from  the  Secretary  of  States  Office  our  Answer 
to  the  French  Memorial  upon  the  Right  of  Possession  to  the 
Island  of  Sta  Lucia,  as  it  was  settled  by  the  Lords  CommissrB 
of  Trade  and  delivered  it  to  the  French  Commissarys. 

As  to  the  French  Memorial  made  in  Answer  to  ours  upon 
the  Limits  of  Nova  Scotia  or  Accadie,  it  consists  of  such  a 
Variety  of  Arguments  and  pretentions,  the  Appendix  to 
which  it  refers  is  so  large,  and  a  careful  Perusal  of  every 
part  of  the  four  Authors,  from  whence  the  Citations  are 
made,  wch  is  relative  to  the  Points  in  dispute,  was  a  work  of 
such  length,  that  a  thorough  Examination  of  the  whole  and 
digesting  a  proper  Reply  to  it  took  me  up  several  Months. 


I  have  since  my  Arrival  here  delivered  it  to  Lord  Hallifax, 
who  has  read  it  thoroughly,  and  laid  it  before  the  Board  for 
their  Settlement  of  it  in  which  a  Considerable  progress  is 
made,  and  I  am  perswaded  it  is  there  made  to  appear  from 
the  very  Instruments  and  Authoritys,  to  which  the  french 
Commissaries  appeal  to  prove  the  Contrary,  that  the  Limits 
of  Nova  Scotia  or  Accadie  extend  from  the  River  Pentagoet 
to  the  Southern  Bank  of  the  River  Sl  Lawrence,  and  that 
the  Country  between  Kennebeck  and  Pentagoet,  as  far 
back  likewise  as  that  River,  appertains  of  ancient  Right  to 
the  Crown  as  part  of  New  England  as  it  does  also  by  the 
Treaty  of  Utrecht. 

The  French  Commissaries  have  assured  me  they  are  pre- 
paring a  Reply  to  our  Answer  to  their  Memorial,  setting  forth 
their  Pretensions  to  the  Island  of  Sta  Lucia,  a  Work  in  which 
if  I  mistake  not  the  English  Right  to  that  Island  they  must 
find  themselves  gravelled. 

After  these  Replications  are  given  in  on  both  sides,  it  is  to 
be  hoped  that  things  may  be  brought  to  a  Conclusion,  and 
that  peremptory  Terms  on  the  part  of  His  Majesty  may  be 
insisted  upon. 

If  it  was  proper  to  have  sent  you  Copies  of  the  Memorials 
&  Papers  whilst  these  Points  are  negotiating  between  the 
two  Crowns,  I  should  have  done  it;  but  must  defer  com- 
municating them  untill  my  return  to  Boston,  which  I  cant 
yet  fix,  being  willing  to  continue  here  untill  the  Settlement 
of  these  Affairs,  if  Possible,  as  I  hope  my  stay  may  be  of 
Service  to  the  Province  in  bringing  them  to  an  happy  Issue, 
for  which  my  best  Endeavours  shall  not  be  wanting. 

You  have  not  heard  lately,  I  believe  any  mention  made  of 
Crown  Point ;  but  I  shall  not  cease  representing  to  the  Min- 
istry the  necessity  of  the  French  Fort  at  that  Place's  being 
demolished,  as  well  on  Acco1  of  preventing  the  Defection  of 
the  Indians  of  the  Six  Nations  to  the  French,  of  which  there 


will  be  extream  danger  in  case  they  shall  be  suffered  to 
remain  in  Possession  of  it,  as  of  many  other  Mischeivous 
Consequences  of  it  to  his  Majestys  Colonies  in  general  in 
time  of  War. 

I  informed  you  soon  after  my  Arrival  here  that  I  had  made 
application  to  the  Duke  of  Bedford,  then  one  of  his  Majestys 
Secretary s  of  State  for  other  Copies  of  the  Pictures  of  the 
Royal  Family,  which  the  Province  lost  when  the  Council 
Chamber  was  burnt,  as  also  for  Ordnance  which  were  sent 
from  Castle  William  upon  the  Expedition  against  Cape 
Breton  and  never  returned,  with  his  Grace's  favourable 
answer,  but  my  own  Constant  Employment  in  preparing  the 
American  Accounts  of  the  Expences  there  incur'd  in  the  late 
intended  Expedition  against  Canada  and  daily  attendance  at 
the  Board  of  Trade,  his  Grace's  continual  Engagements  in 
Business,  and  his  Majestys  early  departure  in  the  Spring  for 
his  Germain  Dominions  hindered  that  Matter  being  effected 
before  I  went  to  Paris. 

I  have  since  my  return  applyed  to  the  Earl  of  Holderness 
who  succeeds  the  Duke  of  Bedford  in  his  late  Department  of 
the  Secretarys  Office  and  he  has  referred  me  to  Mr  Pelham, 
with  whom  I  shall  now  solicit  the  Affair. 

If  you  will  let  me  know  wherein  I  may  in  any  other  Points 
promote  the  service  of  the  Province  with  his  Majestys  Min- 
istry here  during  my  Stay,  the  Council  and  Assembly  may 
depend  on  my  most  hearty  endeavours  for  doing  it.  -  Wher- 
ever I  am  that  Object  shall  always  employ  my  attention  with 
a  most  affectionate  Regard  for  their  Welfare. 

I  am  with  a  real  Esteem  Sr  Yr  most  humble  servant 

W  Shirley 


Letter  to  the  Agent  in  England, 

Boston  June  25,  1752. 

I  am  directed  by  the  Gen1  Court  of  this  Province  "  In 
"  order  to  the  obtaining  a  Reimbursm1  of  the  Expence  at  Fort 
"  Dummer  &  other  Charges  without  the  Line,  now  lying 
"  before  the  Rl  honble  the  Lords  Conimrs  for  Trade  &  Planta- 
tions for  their  Consideration,  To  write  to  you  &  inquire  of 
"you  into  the  State  of  that  Affair,  &  to  direct  you  to  use 
"your  Endeavours  for  obtaining  a  Reinibursm*  of  the  sd 
"  Charge,  agreeable  to  the  Accots  exhibited,  &  also  of  the 
"further  Expence  on  the  Garrison  at  Fort  Dummer,  &  other 
"  Charges  without  the  Line  from  the  last  Acco1  to  this  time." 

You  have  been  so  far  concerned  in  this  Affair  already,  & 
so  often  solicited  this  Reimbursm1  in  the  sev1  offices  of  State, 
that  it  will  be  altogether  unnecessary  to  give  you  a  Detail  of 
the  Proceedings  thereon  as  they  have  appeared  to  this  Gov- 
ernm*  by  Advices  from  yourself  &  other  Gentlemen  concerned 

However  it  may  not  be  amiss  to  put  you  in  mind  of  the 
firm  Ground  laid  for  our  just  Expectation  of  having  a  full 
Satisfaction  of  this  Expence,  from  his  Majtys  Royal  Word  & 
Promise  as  contained  in  his  Order  in  Council  to  Govr  Shir- 
ley, pass'd  the  6th  of  Sepr  1744  (  a  Copy  of  wcU  I  now  send 
you  to  save  you  the  Trouble  of  searching  for  it  in  the  Coun- 
cil Office )  And  it  was  only  in  Conformity  to  his  Majesty's 
Pleasure  therein  signified,  &  a  firm  Reliance  on  the  Inviola- 
bleness  of  his  Royal  Engagem18  that  this  Province  have  A 
advanced  such  large  Sums  of  Money  for  maintaining  that 
Fort  &  paying  &  Subsisting  the  Garrison  there,-  B  Other- 
wise the  Fort  had  been  slighted  soon  after  the  running  of 
a  new  Line,  which  took  it  out  of  the  Province  of  the  Massa- 
chusetts Bay  &  included  it  within  that  of  New  Hampshire. B 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  185 

You  may  remember  that  upon  the  Board  of  Trade  &  Plan- 
tations sending  Govr  Shirley  a  Copy  of  Govr  Wentworth's 
answer  to  the  Memorial  of  our  Gen1  Assembly  on  this  Sub- 
ject, with  divers  Votes  &  Orders  of  New  Hampshire  Gov- 
ernm1  Govr  Shirley  made  a  large  Reply  to  the  said  Answer, 
&  shewed  the  great  &  palpable  Mistakes  contained  therein, 
made  evident  by  divers  Testimonies  upon  Oath ;    And  upon 
a  full  Consideration  of  this  Matter  (  as  we  are  informed )  the 
Board  of  Trade  &  Plantations  came  to  a  Resolution  to  rep- 
resent to  his  Majesty  the  Justice  of  our  Demands  for  a  Reim- 
bursm*  of  our  Charges  aforementioned :    But  Mr  Tomlinson 
( as  we  have  heard  )  having  private  Notice  of  this  Resolution 
before  it  was  fully  executed,  obtained  a  Suspension  thereof 
till  he  could  convey  to  Govr  Wentworth   a  Copy  of  Govr 
Shirleys  Reply,  &  receive  his  Answer :    Which  was  done  ( as 
I  remember )  near  two  years  since,  So  that  there  can  be  no 
Pretence  for  any  further  delay ;    and  after  all  that  may  be 
alledged  in  favour  of  New  Hampshire,  this  must  be  allowed 
as  an  irrefragable  Argum1  to  support  our  Claim,  that  when 
the  whole  Case  has  been  laid  before  his  Majesty  so  long  since, 
His  Majesty's  Pleasure  has  not  yet  been  signified    on  this 
Affair  till  which  time  it  was  expected  that  this  Governm1 
should  support  Fort  Dummer  &  the  Garrison  there  upon  the 
Encouragem1  given  in  his  Majty'8  Order  in  Council  aforemen- 
tioned, as  appears  by  the  Words  in  the  Close  of  said  Order ; 
And  therefore  it   is    expected    that   you    use   your   utmost 
Endeavours  as  soon  as  may  be  that  this  Affair  may  be  deter- 
mined in  favour  of  this  Province,  either    that   the    Money 
expended  may  be  repaid  by  the  Province  of  New  Hampshire 
(wch  it  is  highly  propable  their  Gen1  Assembly  will  never 
comply  with)  or  upon  Failure   thereof   that  C  a  sufficient 
Quantity  of  Land  in  those  Parts  be    assigned  over  to  this 
Province  according  to  his  Majtya  Order  in  Council  aforemen- 
tioned ;  C  and  in  D  this  Reimbursm*  either  of  Money  or  E 


Lands,  It  seems  a  Point  of  Justice  not  only  to  satisfy  for  the 
Charges  hitherto  incur'd,  but  likewise  to  provide  for  the  con- 
stant and  growing  Charge  for  time  to  come. 

The  commissary  General  will  send  you  the  Accots  of  the 
Expence  arisen  upon  the  Matter,  since  the  making  up  of  the 
last  Acco1  now  lying  before  the  Board  of  Trade  &  Planta- 
tions, where  I  presume  all  the  other  Papers  in  the  Case  are 
now  lodged. 

If  Govr  Shirley  should  be  now  in  England,  It  might  be  of 
great  Service  for  facilitating  this  Business  to  have  his  Inter- 
position &  Assistance  in  the  Affair,  or  if  he  be  still  in  France 
to  have  his  Letters  to  the  Right  honble  the  Lords  Commiss18 
(  especially  considering  the  Weight  that  has  been  &  will  be 
laid  upon  his  former  Representations  of  the  State  of  this 
Matter  )  which  I  beleive  he  is  very  willing  to  support ;  and 
you  may  soon  obtain  such  Letters  from  him. 

You  will  be  able  to  make  the  best  Judgment  which  will  be 
most  expedient  whether  to  solicit  the  Paym*  of  the  Charges 
at  Fort  Dummer  &  the  other  Charges  of  defending  the 
Frontiers  of  New  Hampshire  separately  or  conjunctly. 

continued  to  advance  )  i.  e.  in  place  of  A 
Dele  )  i.  e.  leave  out  B.B. 

Such  an  alteration  may  be  made  in  the  new  established 
Line  as  that  the  People  of  this  Province  may  not  for  the 
future  be  held  to  defend  the  Lands  of  New  Hampshire. 
D  in  case  of  a.  i.e.  substitute  "these  words"  in  place  of  "this" 
E  Dele.  i.e.  leave  out  "either  of  Money  or  Lands." 

Letter,  L    Gov.  Phips  to  the  Board  of  Trade,  June  27,  1752. 

My  Lords, 

In  Pursuance  of  his  Majestys  Instructions  to  me  as  Com- 
mander in  Chief  of  this  Province  That  in  all  Matters  where 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  187 

in  His  Majestys  Service  &  the  Advantage  of  this  Province 
may  be  concerned,  I  should  make  direct  and  immediate 
Applications  to  your  Lordships  &  In  Compliance  with  the 
Desire  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Represent™55  of  this  Prov- 
ince, That  I  would  represent  to  your  Lordships  the  State  of 
the  Affair  referring  to  the  Support  of  Fort  Dummer  &  the 
Garrison  there,  &  the  just  Claim  this  Province  has  to  a  Reim- 
bursem1  of  the  Charges  they  have  been  at  therein ;  I  now 
make  my  Applications  to  yre  Ldship9  on  this  Affair  and  I  would 
accordingly  inform  your  Lordships  that  by  reason  of  the  run- 
ning the  Line  or  Boundary  between  this  Province  &  the 
Province  of  New  Hampshire  Agreable  to  his  Majestys  Order 
in  Council  for  that  purpose  &  the  LaDd  whereon  Fort  Dum- 
mer stood  having  thereby  been  taken  into  the  sd  Province  of 
New  Hampsh.  Governr  Shirley  at  the  beginning  of  ye  French 
War  apprehending  that  this  Province  would  no  longer  main- 
tain a  Fort  removed  out  of  their  own  Jurisdiction,  repre- 
sented to  his  Majesty  the  great  Importance  of  that  Fort  (  by 
means  of  its  Situation  )  for  the  Safety  &  Preservation  of  his 
Majestys  Colonys  in  New  England  for  Annoying  our  Ene- 
mies on  our  Western  Borders ;  Whereupon  by  his  Majestys 
Order  in  Council  pass'd  the  6th  of  Septemr  1744  it  was  deter- 
mined that  the  Governm1  of  New  Hampshire  shd  maintain 
the  said  Fort  &  Garrison,  &  the  Govern1  of  said  Province 
was  directed  forthwith  "  to  move  the  Assembly  there  to  make 
a  proper  Provision  for  that  Service,  &  that  upon  their  Refusal 
His  Majesty  would  find  himself  under  a  Necessity  of  restor- 
ing the  said  Fort  to  the  Massacht8  with  a  proper  District  con- 
tiguous thereto  ;  "  And  in  the  same  Order  "  Govern1,  Shirley 
was  required  to  represent  to  the  Assembly  of  this  Province 
the  Necessity  of  Continuing  to  provide  for  the  Security  of 
Fort  Dummer  until  a  final  Answer  can  be  obtained  from  New 
Hampshire  &  his  majestys  Pleasure  further  signified  thereon." 
Upon  Govr  Shirleys  receiving  his  Majestys  Order,  ( suppos- 


ing  Governor  Wentworth  had  a  Duplicate  thereof )  wrote  to 
him  to  inform  him  that  upon  the  Governm*  of  New  Hanip- 
shires  Compliance  therewith  &  his  Excys  having  a  Garrison 
ready  to  take  Possession  of  Fort  Dummer  he  would  Order 
the  Commander  there  to  deliver  it  up  to  the  Commanding 
Officer  of  such  Garrison  &  at  the  same  time  sent  orders  to 
his  own  Officer  to  deliver  up  the  said  Fort  accordingly,  But 
afterwards  Perceiving  by  the  Votes  of  the  Assembly  of  the 
Province  of  New  Hampshire  that  they  peremptorily  refused 
to  make  any  Provision  for  the  Support  of  Fort  Dummer  & 
being  inform'd  that  was  done  of  y*  Nature  was  in  a  private 
way  he  immediately  sent  Orders  to  the  Commander  of  the 
said  Fort  to  countermand  the  first  Orders ;  And  upon  a 
more  careful  Inspection  of  his  Majestys  Orders  aforesaid,  he 
observed  that  it  was  therein  recommended  to  this  Governm1 
to  provide  for  the  Security  of  that  Fort  till  his  Majestys  fur- 
ther Pleasure  be  signified  thereon. 

In  the  year  174  the  General  Assembly  of  this  Province 
Address'd  his  Majesty  to  give  Orders  that  this  Province  may 
be  reimbursed  their  Charge  in  supporting  said  Fort  according 
to  his  Royal  Pleasure  signified  as  above. 

In  the  Year  1743,  the  Right  Honble  the  Lds  Commiss"  for 
Trade  &  Plantations  transmitted  to  Gov1  Shirley,  Gov1  Went- 
worths  Answer  to  the  Claims  of  this  Governm*,  for  Reim- 
bursem*  for  his  Reply  thereto,  Upon  examining  of  which 
Govern1  Shirley  observed  that  the  whole  was  founded  upon 
evident  Mistakes  in  respect  to  the  Facts  therein  recited  very 
injuriously  to  this  Province  &  no  way  consistent  with  the 
true  State  of  Things ;  and  that  the  Provision  afterwards 
made  by  New  Hampshire  Assembly  was  for  a  short  Term,  & 
the  Pay  &  Subsistence  allowed  for  that  term  so  low  that  it 
was  in  a  manner  impossible  to  get  one  single  Man  to  enlist 
upon  those  Conditions ;  so  that  the  Consequence  of  deliver- 
ing the  Fort  to  New  Hampshire  would  have  been  the  slight- 


ing  or  ungarrisoning  of  it  either  immediately  or  after  a  very 
short  term  &  his  Majestys  Order  would  have  been  wholly 

I  cannot  help  observing  to  your  Lordships  that  besides  this 
Garrison  at  Fort  Dummer  this  Province  during  the  War  not 
only  Posted  men  from  time  to  time  in  the  settled  Towns  of 
New  Hampshire  near  the  head  of  Merrimack  River  upon  the 
Representation  of  the  Inhabitants  that  they  were  neglected 
by  that  Government  and  must  forsake  their  Settlements,  and 
also  kept  Forces  to  scout  from  Connecticut  to  Merrimack 
River  but  have  likewise  maintained  a  considerable  Garrison 
at  a  Fort  called  No.  4  which  lyes  about  40  Miles  above  Fort 
Dummer  on  Connecticut  River  and  is  the  nearest  Fort  or 
perhaps  settlement  to  Crown  Point  of  any  in  his  Majesty's 
Dominions  and  is  of  such  importance  that  the  Assembly  of 
this  Province  have  been  prevailed  on  to  subsist  a  Small  num- 
ber of  Men  there  after  the  War  ceased  until  this  day  but  I 
am  doubtful  whether  by  and  by  they  will  not  think  much  of 
this  Charge  and  the  Fort  be  deserted  and  if  the  French  in 
such  case  should  take  possession  of  it  they  would  afterwards 
have  as  good  reason  to  maintain  this  possession  as  they  now 
have  that  of  Crown  Point  which  thirty  years  ago  was  sup- 
posed to  be  and  undoubtedly  was  part  of  his  Majestys  terri- 
tories &  included  within  the  Charter  of  this  Province  as  much 
as  No.  4  was  at  that  time  or  is  now  within  the  bounds  of 
New  Hampshire. 

It  was  certainly  a  good  projection  of  the  Government  of 
this  Province  several  years  before  the  alteration  of  the  boun- 
dary to  settle  to  Lines  or  Rows  of  Towns  of  6  miles  square 
each  between  Merrimack  &  Connecticut  River  which  great 
Numbers  of  particular  persons  had  Grants  of  on  Condition 
of  settlement  and  in  every  Township  more  or  less  was  done 
towards  a  settlement  &  the  Proprietors  were  at  considerable 
Expence  but  after  the  alteration  of  the  Province  line  notwith- 


standing  the  Provision  made  in  the  Order  of  Council  for  mak- 
ing out  the  Commission  for  the  determination  of  said  Line 
that  private  property  should  not  be  affected  the  Grantees  of 
this  Government  were  threatned  molested  &  sued  by  the  peo- 
ple of  New  Hampshire  &  discouraged  from  going  on  with 
their  settlements  ( though  in  some  of  them  they  had  houses 
and  Mills  and  an  House  for  Publick  Worship)  until  the 
French  War  broke  out  when  they  were  entirely  deserted.  In 
some  few  of  these  and  other  Townships  under  the  like  Cir- 
cumstances the  Grantees  from  this  Government  after  the 
Peace  repossess'd  themselves  of  their  Settlements  &  hold 
them  but  the  greatest  part  of  the  Lands  have  been  canton'd 
out  by  New  Hampshire  &  persons  lay  claim  to  them  under  a 
title  from  that  Government,  yet  there  is  not  the  least  proba- 
bility of  any  settlement  and  the  only  use  at  present  is  for 
persons  to  Land  jobb  if  I  may  be  allowed  the  Expression  and 
in  future  time  nothing  but  Contention  about  Title  must  be 
the  Consequence  while  the  main  End  and  design  viz.  the 
Settlement  of  the  Country  &  fortifying  the  Frontier  against 
our  overreaching  &  most  dangerous  Enemies  are  wholly 

Letter,  Monsr  Longiicil  to  IS  Gov.  Phips. 

Mountreal  July  25  1752 

As  Commander  in  chief  of  Canada,  by  the  Death  of  Monsr 
the  Marquis  de  la  Jonquiere  I  have  the  Honour  to  answer 
your  Excellency's  Letter  to  that  General  of  ye  14  of  April 

The  respective  Orders  given  by  Kings  of  France,  &  of 
Great  Britain,  for  the  mutual  Exchange  of  Prisonners  had 
their  Effect  in  the  year  1750,  and  Mr  Stouder  your  Deputy 

OF    THE   STATE    OF    MAINE  191 

from  the  Government  of  New  York,  returnd  with  all  the 
English  Prisonners  which  were  in  this  Government  since  the 
War,  An  Account  of  which  the  late  Marquis  de  la  Jonquiere 
sent  to  the  Court  of  France. 

Tho'  these  Exchanges  were  entirely  finished,  and  the  Sieur 
Stouder  had  given  it  under  his  hand  in  writing,  Nevertheless 
I  have  had  the  Pleasure  to  receive  Messieurs  Phineas  Stevens 
and  Nathanael  Wheelwright,  commissioned  by  your  Excel- 
lency for  the  Release  of  the  same  Prisonners. 

You  will  see,  Sr,  by  the  annex'd  Declaration  that  they  have 
had  an  intire  freedom  of  Searching  for  such,  and  that  they 
have  been  Supported  by  my  Authority  to  obtain  such  as  are 
in  this  Colony  in  the  Hands  of  the  Indians,  or  of  the  French 
who  had  ransom'd  them.  They  bring  back  nine  with  them 
and  as  to  those  who  remain  behind  you  will  see  by  the  afore- 
said Declaration,  the  Reasons,  which  prevented  these  Gentle- 
men the  Deputys  from  bringing  them  away. 

This  is  very  certain,  that  not  one  English  Prisonner  taken 
by  the  French  during  the  War,  remains  in  the  Colony ;  They 
were  all  sent  away  in  1750  as  I  have  just  had  the  honour  to 
observe  to  your  Excellency.  They  were  all  very  well  treated 
during  their  Abode  in  this  Country,  and  upon  their  Release 
no  Ransom  was  demanded. 

The  Prisonners  in  Question  at  present,  were  not  taken  by 
the  French,  but  by  the  Indians  since  the  War  And  if  the 
Persuasions  of  the  late  Marquis  de  la  Jonquiere,  and  mine 
could  have  made  any  Impressions  upon  these,  they  never 
would  have  proceeded  to  have  taken  these  Prisonners  what- 
ever Grounds  they  may  pretend  to  have  for  it :  or  at  least 
they  would  not  have  hesitated  about  setting  them  at  Liberty. 
But  you  know  Sr  the  Indians  of  Canada,  as  those  every  where 
besides,  are  intirely  free,  and  will  not  be  accountable  for  their 
Actions  to  any  one ;  accordingly  it  was  not  in  my  Power  to 
make  them  restore  the  English  whom  they  had  adopted  in 


their  Villages.  Those  whom  your  Deputys  bring  away  with 
them,  would  probably  have  undergone  the  same  Lot,  If  some 
Frenchmen  out  of  Humanity  had  not  got  them  out  of  the 
Hands  of  the  Indians,  by  paying  a  Ransom  which  your  Dep- 
utys have  repay'd,  as  they  justly  ought  when  they  were 
acquainted  with  the  state  of  the  Case. 

There  is  no  Indian  a  Prisonner  in  this  Colony.  I  never 
knew  there  were  any  Indians,  subject  to  the  English  Govern- 
ment. This  were  a  wonderful  Novelty,  with  which  the 
French  never  dare  flatter  themselves.  The  Indians  of  this 
Colony  owning  no  Authority  and  having  no  other  Laws  but 
their  Passion  or  Caprice. 

The  Abenakes  of  S*  Francis  have  spoke  to  Mr  Stevens 
your  Deputy  in  a  manner  that  leaves  no  Room  for  Doubt  in 
this  Respect.  I  had  no  Part  in  their  Words,  I  was  only  a 
Witness :  And  have  to  please  the  Gentlemen  your  Deputys, 
caus'd  their  Speech  to  be  copied,  and  a  Copy  given  them, 
attested  by  me.  If  you  are  inclined  Sr  to  Answer  it,  you 
may  direct  it  to  me,  and  I  will  see  that  it  comes  to  the  Hands 
of  the  said  Abenakes. 

I  beg  your  Excellency  would  be  persuaded,  that  so  long  as 
I  shall  have  the  Government  in  this  Country  and  at  all  other 
Times,  I  shall  continually  do  my  utmost  to  promote  that 
good  Intelligence  which  ought  to  be  maintain'd  between  us, 
and  to  convince  you  that  I  am  with  all  Respect 

Sr  your  most  humble  and  most  Obedient  Serv* 

S :  Phips  Esq1  Lnt  Governour  & 
Commr  in  Chief  at  Boston. 

OP    THE   STATE    OF   MAINE  193 


Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To  the  Honourable  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieutenant  Gov- 
ernour  and  Commander  in  Chief  in  and  over  sd  Province 
To  the  Honble  his  Majesty's  County  for  the  same  &  the 
Honourable  House  of  Representatives 

Humbly  Shew 

The  Proprietors  of  that  Tract  of  Land  lying  on  Both  sides 
of  Kennebeck  River  which  was  granted  to  the  late  Colony  of 
New  Plymouth  in  their  Charter  &  afterwards  by  that  Colony 
granted  to  Antipas  Boys  &  others  Together  with  Sundry  of 
the  Principal  Settlers  &  Residents  within  the  Limits  of  said 

That  the  Inhabitants  of  said  Tract  had  formerly  the  Privi- 
lege of  holding  a  Court  within  that  District  &  were  vested 
with  a  peculiar  Jurisdiction  of  matters  arising  among  them 
in  Subordination  to  the  Government  of  the  late  Colony  of 
New  Plymouth  that  of  Later  Times  the  Courts  of  Justice 
held  in  and  for  the  County  of  York  have  exercised  Juris- 
diction not  only  over  your  Petitioners  Tract  aford  but 
also  over  all  Lands  lying  to  the  Eastward  thereof  to 
the  utmost  Limits  of  this  Province  Eastward  but  how  or 
by  what  Law  they  became  possessed  of  that  Jurisdic- 
tion Your  Petitioners  could  never  yet  be  able  to  Discover 
That  the  great  Distance  that  Suitors,  Witnesses  &  Jurors 
have  to  Travel  from  said  Tract  to  York  together  with  the 
Badness  &  Danger  of  the  Roads  thither  are  a  great  Difficulty 
and  Burden  to  your  Petitioners  the  Settlers  on  said  Tract 
which  together  with  the  perplexity  arising  from  the  Doubt- 
fullness  of  such  Courts  Jurisdiction  over  them  and  Danger 
that  the  Judgements  obtained  in  such  Courts  in  Local 
Actions  arising  among  them  may  some  time  or  other  be 
called  in  Question  and  Reversed  are  a  great  Discouragement 




to  your  Petitioners  in  their  Settlement  and  that  it  would 
very  much  Facilitate  and  Promote  the  further  peopling  and 
Improving  said  Tract  and  Render  the  Expensive  Efforts  of 
Your  Petitioners  the  Proprietors  to  Settle  the  same  more  suc- 
cessful if  said  District  was  erected  into  a  Distinct  County 
Your  Petitioners  therefore  pray  your  Honour  and  the  Hon- 
ourable Houses  would  please  to  take  the  premises  into  your 
wise  Consideration,  and  make  your  Petitioners  Tract  aford  a 
Distinct  and  Seperate  County  with  the  usual  Privileges  and 
Jurisdictions  of  a  County  or  otherwise  relieve  Your  Peti- 
tioners upon  the  premises  as  Your  Wisdom  Shall  Direct  and 
Your  Petr8  &c 

John  Jones  Jacob  Wendell 

Edward  Winslow  Jonathan  Fox 
Edwd  Tyng  Cha  Apthorp 

Thomas  Hancock  Gershom  Flagg 

John  Goodwin 
Richd  Foster 
John  Tufts 
Benja  Pollard 

David  Jeffries 

Thomas  Walley 

Joseph  Dowse 
Alex  Campbell 
John  Winslow 

Willm  Bowdoin 
Jaz  Fox 
James  Pitts 
William  Taylor 


Wm  C  Corns 


Patt  Drumond 

James  Bowdoin 
Wm  Brattle 
Nathaniel  Thwing 
Robert  Temple 
Samuel  Goodwin 
Silv.  Gardiner 
Jonathan  Reed 
Thomas  frost 

Eleazer  Harlow 


George  GM  McGlotton 


Isaac  Foster 

Thomas  Williams 
Joseph  Winslow 
Sam11  Hinkley 
James  Thompson  32  Habijah  Weld 


James  Grace  Nathanel  Berry 

Nath11  Larrabee      John  Wright 


Joseph  U  Buber     George  Harward 

mark  his  mark 

William  Vincent    Michael  X  Thornton  Joseph  Lankester 

bis  mark 

John  O  Oliver        Shubel  Hinkley      Ephraim  O 


William  Reed         Alexander  Cannbell  Junr  John  Snell 

William  Bryen 
Samuel  Towle 
Ebenezer  Hinkley 

James  Cunningham 
David  D uning 


Martyn  N  Hayley 




James  Howard 
William  C 
Moses  Waymoth 
Micheal  Malcom 


James  W  Young 

mark         26 

Philip  Call  Junr 
John  Mcfarland 

John  Spaulding 


Samuel  Howard 

Joseph  Peirce 

Da         Joy 

Philip  Call 

Patreck  Rodgers 


Daniel  Savage 
John  Howard 
William  Stinson 
S         Wh 
Allen  Malcom  17 


Thomas  Parker 

John  John  Hein  Harring 


John  Mcfarland  Junr  Thomas  Means 

Ralph  Kendall 
William  Jones 
Elias  Cheney 

Townsend  Smith    James  Huston 

William  Huston     John  Cheney 

Benjamin  Kendall  Michael  Jones 

Andrew  Reed         William  Jones  Junior  Richard  Jones 

Athony  Chapman  David  Reed  William    Montgumry 

Ichabod  Smith        Robert  Montgumry  John  Wadleigh 


John  W  William  Blackston 


Tho8  S  Storer 


John  Rollings 

Joshua  Smith 


Simon  X  E 


Samuel  Hall 

Alexdr  cy  Erskin 


Lemuel  P 

Morgan  Caffry 
Robert  McGuthry  Stephen  X  Hosdon 


Elisha  Clark  Nath11  Winslow 

Nathaniel  Winslow  juner 

Kenelm  Winslow  John  Gray 

James  Grant 

Alexr:  Nikels 

Robort  Lambort 

Henry  Little 

Elijah  Grant 


Robert  Montgumry  jur 


Ichabod  X  Linscot 

his    mark 

Tho8  )(  Ielley 


Samuel  Herdie 

his  22 

William  W  Hilton 

mark  25 

William  Rackleff 
Elisha  Winslow  Willem  Jones 

Alexander  Nikels  Juner     Elisher  Kenny 

John  Nikels 
Nathaniel  Rumlet 
John  Balentin 

John  Tomson 
James  Clark 
Ephiram  Grant 

Peter  Peterson 

Thomas  >  Murphey  Andrew  Grant 


Sheribiah  Lambert  William  Clark    John  Decker  the  2  Juner 

James  Clark  Jur    John  Sutton 

John  Cuningham 



Sara11  Trask 
Samuel  Anderson 
William  Boyinton 
David  Given 

George  Gray 

Joseph  D 
Caleb  Boyinton 

John  Decker 

Joseph  Young  jur 
John  Rowell 
Alexander  Ewing 
Daniel  Lankester 

Alexander  Potter 




John  Malcom 
William  Pumory 


Joseph  X  Jack 


James  Whidden 
Robert  Speer  junr 


William  §  Reed 


John  Phelan 
Tobias  Ham 


Robert  Duning 
Sam11  Standwood 
James  Wooden 
WTillm  Standwood 
Robert  Willson 
John  Smart 
John  Mallett 
Robert  Smart 

Joseph  Anderson 
Joseph  Hodsden 
John  McNear 
Sam1  Chapman 


James  ///  forster 


Joseph  tayler 
James  Day 

Joseph  Young 

John  Pope 
Joseph  Ewing 
Samuel  Blanchard 

Ebenezer  Gove 
James  Hodg 
Samuel  Trask  Jr 
William  McCleland 

Robert  Hooper 

Joshua  Silvester 
Moses  Gray 


R  R  C  Cobee 

mark  28 

John  Mcphetres  27 
John  Carlton 
Charles  robertson 

Benjamin  Thompson  Ebenezer  Smith 


Thomas  Stinson  jr  William  0  Musterd 


Isaac  Savage 

James  Potter 


Jams  X  Stinson 


John  Dunlap 


Will"1  Speer 
Timothy  Whidden 

James  Duning 

William  Malcom 
John  Williams 

Judah  Chase 
Will"1  Woodside 
Thomas  Stan  wood 
Alexander  Willson 
William  Ross 
Robert  Giveen 
Andrew  Eliot 
Nathnel  B 


Robert  R  Dunlap 


Miles  Goodwin 

Joseph  Smith 

Lazrus  Noble 
Rob*  Speer 

Samuel  Allen 

John  Martine 
Ebenezer  Stanwood 

James  Douglass 
David  Standwood 
Wm  Woodside  Juner 
John  Reed 
Hugh  Willson 
James  Elett 
James  Doyle 
Thomas  McGregor 




John  v^  Saward     Nehemiah  Ward        W     Weber 

mark  bis 

John  Jonanthan  Webber    John  O  Orr 

his  mark 

Joshua  []  Gray      Samuel  Clark  Benj  Bunker 

mark  his 

James  Hewey 

John  Starbird 

Tho"  Skofield 
Abijah  Young 

Joseph  Orr 

Isaac  H 


John  X  Burke 

mark  27 

Elisha  Allen  William  Mc  X  Neff 

his  mark 

Will"1  W  Alexander  James  Alexander 


John  Alexander         William  Simpson 
Edward  Cuningham  William  tarr 


John  Mathews  Joshua    |X  Crommell 


John  Malcom  George  Combes 

David  Jenkins 

John  Jorden 


Alexander  thompson  Joseph  S  Thompson  Cornelius  thompson 


Isaac  Snow  James  Thompson 


Peter  Comes 

his  his 

Selvanus  X  Comes  Patrick  O  Wals 

mark  mark 

David  Trufant        Peter  Combes  Jr 

John  S 

John  Snow 


Corneales  )  Keaff 

mark   his 

Samuel  | 

his         mark 

Samuel  ( 


Stepn  Gatchell 


Nathan  el  X  Geleson 


John  Gatchell  Juner 


John  Gatchell 


Robert  X  Sedgley  David  Dorghty 


Nath  Donnell        Anthony  C     jr. 


Anthony  C  Timothy  T  Rardaon  Tarrance  T  McMacken 

mark  mark 

Timothy  Tebbets  Jonathan  Philbrook   Peter  Woodward 


Sepren  Cornish      Job  Philbrook  John  X  Aston 

his  mark 

Isaiah  Crooker        John  ()  Cornish         Elijah  Crooker 

mark  18 

Joshua  Lumbert     Benjamin  Pumeroy  Beniaman  Whitney 


Samouel  Wels        John  Stinson  James  Blethen 


Philip  Hodgkins    Joseph  Mackentir      John  W  onle 

his  mark 

Joshia  W  Day        Stephen  Greenleaf     Daniel  Lankester 

mark  his  his 

Francis  Wyman  junr   Stephen  -*-  Day  Will™  X  Korday 

his  mark  mark 

Elihu  X  Lankester  James  Beueridge       Nathaniel  Wyman 





Cornelius  Hall        John  O 

his  mark    his 

Mathew  ®1  Whelan    Patrick  X  Murry 

mark  mark 

William  Johnson   Sam11  Hinkley 

Simon  Burtton 
John  Mcfadin 

James  Mcfaden 
William  Marshall 

John  Blethen  sen  George  McKinney 


John  <»  Flan  Franses  Wyman 

mark  his 

Nikolas  Rideout     Robort  P  Poor 

his  mark 

Andrew  A  Bennett  James  Johnston 


Obadiah  Call 


John  X  Dun 


William  Sewall 


James  Q  Newbury 


Phinehas  Parker 

William  Philbrook 
William  Sprouel    John  Gray 
Richard  Greenleaf  Robert  Sprouel 
James  Sprouel        Simon  Crosby 


James  X  Thornton 


Thomas  Percey 


Timothy  X  R 


James  Diamond 
Matthew  McKenney 
John  Blethen.  2 

James  mcfaden  Juner 

David  Gustin 

Phill :  White 

John  Cleverly 


Timothy  (X)  Dunton 


Stephen  G 
James  Morton 
Samuel  Greenleaf 

John  MeKown 


Joseph  Greenleaf  Daniel  Gray  Cornelius  <  Thornton 

his  his  mark 

John  O  Dun  Thomas   ^  Hutchinsons    Aaron  Abbot 

mark    his  mark    his  his 

Kingun    ®~    Erskins         John  X  Getchel    henery  X 

mark  his        mark 

Walter  Cean  Isrel^^hunewell 

his  mark 

Daniel  W  McKenney  James  Crocker 


Joseph  A 


Charles  Glidden     George  C  Calwell 


James  Miller 
James  Savage 
Solomon  Walker 
moses  hilton 


John  0  Spied 

mark         '2.Z 

Thomas  Partridge 

Elisha  Winslow 

Samuel  Kelley 


George  C  Clark 


Joseph  Withum 


Cornelious  C  Jones  John  Leeman 


Robert  Foy  Thomas  Humphry 

Charls  Blagdon 

John  McFarland 
Samuel  Barter 

Samuel  McCobb 


Francis  Young 

John  Hiscock 

James  Stinson 

Joseph  Hussey 

Ebenezar  Leeman 
Ephraim  mcFarland 


James  X  Brewer 













OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  199 

John  Beath  Samuel  Barter  jr        William  Moor         27 


James  X  Brewer  juner     Willim  fullertown     John  Orr       28 

mark  his 

Willm  Fullerton  Juner  Daniel  Leneken  Walter  W  Beath  25 

his  mark 

Joseph  X  Leneken     Andrew  Mcfarland  Robert  Wylie       22 

mark  his 

Willim  Wylie         Andrew  Reed     Benjamen  X  Linnaken  26 

his  mark 

Clarke  X  Linnaken     Arthur  Percey  17 


409  409 



In  the  House  of  Repves  Novr  28  1752  Read  and  Ordered 
that  the  Petrs  Serve  the  Prop"  and  Inhabu  of  the  within 
mentioned  Tract  of  Land  ( non  Pet"  )  with  a  copy  of  this 
Petn  by  inserting  the  Substance  thereof  in  one  or  more  of  the 
publick  Newspapers ;  that  so  they  may  shew  cause  if  any 
they  have  on  Wednesday  the  27th  of  Decr  next  if  the  Court 
be  then  Sitting,  if  not,  on  the  first  fryday  of  the  next  sitting 
of  this  Court  why  the  Prayer  thereof  should  not  be  granted. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence. 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 
In  Council  Decern1  14,  1752 

Read  &  Non  Concur'd  J  Willard.    Secry 


Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To  the  Honourable  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieu1  Governour 
&  Commander  In  Chief  In  &  over  sd  Province  the  Hon- 
ourable his  Majesty's  Council  &  House  of  Representa- 
tives In  General  Court  Assembled  at  Concord  May 
The  Petition  of  the  Subscribers  Grantees  of  a  New  Town- 
ship or  Tract  of  Land  of  the  Contents  of  Six  Miles  Square 


Lying  In  the  County  of  York  adjoyning  to  Goreham  Town 
so  Called  for  themselves  &  Partners 
Humbly  Shew, 

That  in  the  month  of  April  1750  they  obtained  a  Grant  of 
sd  Lands  on  Certain  Conditions  of  Settlement  as  gr  sd  Grant 
herewith  Exhibited  appears  one  of  the  Conditions  whereof 
was  for  Settleing  Sixty  Familys  &c  thereon  within  three 
years  from  sd  Grant 

that  as  there  has  ben  no  Settled  or  Establised  peace  with 
the  Indians  (  as  was  then  soon  Expected )  sine  the  Time  sd 
Grant  was  made  &  as  they  have  Committed  many  hostilities 
In  the  Eastern  parts  of  this  Province  where  this  Land  lyes, 
the  Grantees  have  &  Still  are  under  very  Great  Discourage- 
ments nor  dare  they  at  present  Venture  to  Settle  in  so 
Remote  a  place  till  a  peace  is  Concluded  on,  &  as  that  place 
would  be  a  Very  Good  Barrier  to  those  parts  of  the  Province 
were  it  well  settled  they  most  humbly  pray  the  wise  Consid- 
eration of  your  Honour  &  this  Great  &  General  Court  on  the 
premises  &  Grant  them  a  Sutiable  Gard  while  settleing 
which  if  they  obtain  they  will  be  Very  Speedy  in,  or  that  a 
Longer  time  for  bringing  forward  that  Plantation  may  be 
alllowed  &  that  they  may  obtain  the  same  favour  as  was 
Granted  to  Goreham  Town  who  had  a  Fort  built  them  at  the 
Charge  of  this  Province  for  their  Defence  or  otherwise  to 
Releive  your  Petitioners  as  your  Honour  &  Honours  In  your 
Great  wisdom  shall  See  meet  &  your  Petitioners  as  in  Duty 
Bound  shall  Ever  pray 

Humphry  Hobbs    William  Peabody       James  Marble 
Robert  Bancraft     ThoB  Robinson  Ezra  Putnam 

David  Kenney        Nathaniel  Peabody  juner       Miles  Putnam 
Isaac  Peabody        Bray  Willkens  Jur    Enos  Knight 
Samuel  Symonds    Ephraim    Jones   as  attorney  to  Jonathan 
Farrar  &  Thomas  Brown  Enos  Town    Samuel  Butterfield 
Charl  McLane         Samuel  Commings     Beniaman  Taylor 
Joseph  Tullor        Joseph  Buffom 

OF   THE   STATE   OP   MAINE  201 

In  the  House  of  Repves  Jan*  3  1753 

Read  and  in  answer  to  this  Pet"  Ordered  that  the  Pet8  be 
allowed  the  further  Term  of  two  Years  from  April  next  for 
the  Settlement  of  the  Sixty  families  therein  mentioned 
Sent  up  for  concurrence, 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 
In  Council  January  4,  1753 
Read  &  Concur'd 

Tho8  Clarke  Dp*  Secry 
Consented  to  S  Phips 

Letter,  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Ll  Gov.  Phips  March  £,  1752 

May  it  please  Your  honr 

Three  of  the  Nerrigewalk  Tribe  has  been  here  This  winter 
who  says  The  others  of  This  Tribe  will  be  here  This  Spring 
&  That  They  will  attend  The  Conference,  Your  honr 
Directed  me  The  Last  Spring  to  Deliver  The  Nerrigewalk 
Tribe  wth  Those  of  ye  Canady  Indians  as  a  present  from  Your 
honr  fifty  pounds  Lawfull  Money  wch  I  then  apprized  Them 
of  and  at  The  Same  Time  aGreed  wth  Them  That  They 
Should  not  Receive  ye  Same  Until  The  heads  of  Their  Tribe 
ware  present,  wch  ware  Then  in  Canada  as  They  Then 
Informed  me,  So  That  I  have  not  had  as  Yet  An  Oppertunity 
of  Seeing  Their  Chiefs,  and  Thereby  have  Omitted  Deliver- 
ing Them  The  promised  Bounty,  Looking  upon  it  as  Lost  to 
ye  province  to  Deliver  it  to  a  parcel  of  Insignificant  fellows. 

The  above  Three  Indians  has  Enquired  of  me  if  they  should 
have  The  above  sd  Bounty  when  They  Come  here  In  The 
Spring,  not  wth  Standing  They  have  The  Last  Summer  Com- 
mited  Several  Acts  of  Hostility  aGainst  us,  as  one  of  The 
above  Mentioned  Indians  has  allready  Told  me,  I  Gave  Them 


Encouragem*  That  They  might  Yet  Receive  it  wth  This  pro- 
vise,  That  Thay  would  for  ye  future  behave  Themselves  In 
Such  a  manner  Towards  us  as  That  wee  might  Depend  on 
what  They  sd  from  Time  to  time,  and  That  They  would  also 
use  Their  Endeav18  to  perswade  Those  of  ye  Canada  Indians 
to  Dissist  wch  might  Yet  have  an  Inclination  to  Continue 
The  war  wth  us,  upon  wch  They  Told  me  ye  Canada  Indians 
would  Do  us  no  more  Misscheif,  I  Then  tould  Them  I  would 
a  Quaint  yr  honr  of  what  we  had  been  Talking  of,  and  shall 
Accordingly  wait  for  Further  Directions  whether  I  may  Give 
Them  The  above  sd  present  or  not,  I  Know  They  will  Expect 
it,  and  will  Think  Them  selves  much  Imposed  On  if  they 
should  not  Recieve  it,  notwithstanding  Their  past  ill  Behavr 
Seeing  ye  pennobscott  Indians  has  already  Received  Theirs. 
This  being  The  present  wch  Accurs  to  me  I  humbly  Begg 
Leave  to  Subscribe  my  Self 

Your  honrs  Most  Dutifull  Serv1  to  Command 

William  Lithgow 
To  The  Honourable  Spencer  Phips  Esqr 
Fort  Richmd  March  9th  1752 

[  Superscribed  ] 
On  his  Majestys  Service 
To  The  Honoble  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Leiu1  Governor  and 
Commander  in  Cheif  In  and  Over  his  Majestys  Province 
of  the  Massachusetts  Bay  In  New  England  — 
To  the  Care  of  Jn°  Wheelwright  Esqr 
pr  Cap*  Steenson 

Letter,  John  Lane  to  Hon.  Josiah  Willard. 

Honoured  Sir 

after  my    duty  to  youer  Honr  I  Beg  Leave  to 
Returne    you    my    most    hearty    thankes    for   youer  Honrs 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  203 

kindness  to  me  I  Pray  god  to  Reward  it  into  youer  Hon" 
Bossom  I  Beg  Leave  to  Acquaint  youer  Hon1  That  Sir 
William  Pepperrill  Desired  me  to  writte  to  the  Leiv1 
Governouer  to  tell  him  that  he  should  Look  upon  it 
as  a  faviour  dun  to  him  if  he  would  be  pleased  to  give  me 
the  Comand  of  Pemiquid  Fort  if  it  Be  not  Disposed  of  I  Beg 
youer  Honouer  will  be  my  frind  in  that  afair  and  Be  so  good 
as  to  deliver  my  Litter  to  the  Leiv*  Governouer. 

I  Beg  youer  Honou"  Prayers  for  me  that  all  my  Heavey 
aflictions  may  be  sanctifyed  to  me  for  my  Everlasting  good  - 
I  am  youer  Hon1"8  Most  Duetyfull  and  Obd  Serv* 

John  Lane 
[  Superscribed  ] 
To  The  Honourable  Josiah  Willard 
Post  paid 

Know  all  men  by  these  presents  that  We  Joseph  Plaisted 
of  York  in  the  County  of  York  Esqr  Jonathan  Bean  and 
Henry  Simpson  both  of  York  aforesaid  Gentlemen  are  holden 
&  stand  firmly  bound  &  obliged  unto  Samuel  Walton  of 
Summersworth  in  the  Province  of  New  Hampshire  Gentle- 
man in  the  full  &  Just  Sum  of  Forty  Pounds  Lawful  Money 
of  the  Province  of  the  Massa  Bay  in  New  England  To  be 
paid  unto  the  said  Sam1  Walton  his  Exec"  Admrs  or  Assigns 
To  the  which  payment  well  &  truly  to  be  made  we  bind  our 
selves  our  Heirs  Exec"  and  Admin"  Joyntly  &  severally  in 
the  whole  &  for  the  whole  firmly  by  these  presents.  Sealed 
with  our  Seals  Dated  the  Fifteenth  Day  of  June  Anno 
Domini  1752.  &  in  the  26th  Year  of  the  Reign  of  our  Sover- 
eign Lord  King  George  the  Second  over  Great  Britain  &c. 

Whereas  the  said  Samuel  Walton  at  his  Majesty's  Supe- 
riour  Court  of  Judicature  held  at  York  within  and  for  the 
County   of  York  on  the  second  Tuesday    of   June   instant 


Recovered  Judgment  in  an  Action  or  plea  of  the  Case  against 
the  said  Joseph  Plaisted  for  the  Sum  of  Fifteen  Pounds  four 
shillings  &  two  pence  lawful  Money  Damage  and  Costs  of 

And  Whereas  at  the  Time  of  making  up  said  Judgment, 
which  was  on  the  Day  of  the  Date  hereof  the  said  Joseph 
Plaisted  informed  the  said  Court  he  would  prosecute  a  Writ  of 
Review  of  the  said  Action  to  Effect  at  the  next  Superr  Court 
of  Judicature  to  be  holden  at  York  within  &  for  the  County 
of  York  on  the  second  Tuesday  of  June  next  &  moved  the 
Court  that  the  said  Jona  Bean  &  Henry  Simpson  might  be 
allowed  as  Sureties  for  the  said  Joseph  Plaisted  and  they 
were  accordingly  approved  of  by  the  said  Court  — 

Now  The  Condition  of  the  aforewritten  Obligation  is  such 
That  if  the  said  Joseph  Plaisted  shall  and  do  prosecute  a 
Writ  of  Review  of  the  said  action  to  effect  at  the  said  Supe- 
riour  Court  of  Judicature  to  be  holden  at  York  in  June  next 
as  aforesaid  and  shall  Answer  &  pay  to  the  said  Samuel 
Walton  the  Sum  recovered  as  aforesaid  with  Interest  there- 
for after  the  Rate  of  twelve  p.  Cent  per  annum  and  Double 
the  Costs  arising  on  such  Review  if  the  Judgment  be  not 
thereon  reversed  in  whole  or  in  part  or  otherwise  satisfyed  & 
if  reversed  in  part  only  shall  then  pay  the  said  Walton 
what  remains  due  by  force  thereof  and  is  not  reversed  by  the 
Judgm*  that  may  be  given  on  such  review  or  otherwise  satis- 
fied together  with  Interest  therefor  after  the  Rate  of  six  per 
Cent  per  Annum  then  the  afore-written  Obligation  to  be  void 
&  of  no  effect,  but  in  default  thereof  to  remain  in  full  force 
and  virtue 

Signed  Sealed  &  Delivered       r  Jos :  Plaisted  (seal) 

( the  five  last  printed  Lines     <  Jonathan  Bean  (seal) 

in  the  Condition  being  first      v.  Henry  Simpson  (seal) 

erased ) 
in  presence  of  Noah  Emery  Caleb  Emery 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  205 

The  aforegoing,  is  a  true  Copy  of  the  Origin1  exhibited  to 
me  and  the  rest  of  the  Commissioners  for  Examining  the 
Claims  on  the  Estate  of  Joseph  Plaisted  Esq1  decd  by  Moses 
Carr  for  himself  &  the  other  Exec"  of  the  Testament  of 
Samuel  Walton  within  mentiond  decd  — 

Attest  Dan1  Moulton 

York  ss/  To  the  Honble  the  Justices  of  the  Court  of  Gen- 
eral Sessions  of  the  peace  Holden  at  York  within  and  for  the 
County  of  York  on  the  first  Tuesday  of  April  1753. 

The  Petition  of  Joseph  Plaisted  of  York  Administrator  of 
the  Estate  of  Joseph  Plaisted  Esq,  late  of  York  in  said  County 
Decd  — 

Humbly  Sheweth  that  the  said  Joseph  Plaisted  Esq  was 
Sheriff  of  said  County  several  Years  and  while  he  was  Such 
Viz.  in  the  Year  1750,  one  Stephen  Peirce  of  York  aforesaid 
Cordwainer  was  attached  and  Imprisoned  in  York  aforesaid 
at  the  Suit  of  Samuel  Walton  of  Summersworth  in  New 
Hampshire  Gen4  to  Recover  one  hundred  pounds  old  Tenor 
Equal  to  XI 3-6-8  Lawfull  money  and  broke  Prison  & 
escaped,  since  which  the  said  Samuel  Walton  brought  his 
Action  against  the  said  Sheriff  and  recovered  his  Damages  & 
Costs  which  ought  to  be  paid  by  the  County  for  ye  Insuffi- 
ciency of  the  Goal  therefore  Your  Petitioner  prays  ye  advisem1 
of  this  Court  concerning  the  premises  &  that  ye  Costs  and 
Damages  aforesaid  may  be  paid  out  of  the  County  Treasury 
and  Your  Petitioner  shall  pray  &c 

Joseph  Plaisted 
Copy  Examd  g  Jn°  ffrost  Cler. 

York  ss.  At  a  Court  of  General  Sessions  of  the  Peace 
held  at  York  within  and  for  the  County  of  York  the  first 


Tuesday  of  April  1753.  Red  and  the  question  being  put 
whether  the  prayer  of  the  petition  be  granted  it  pass'd  in  the 
Negative,  and  Ordered  that  this  petition  be  dismiss'd 

Attest     Jn°  ffrost  Cler 
Copy  Examd  g  Jn°  ffrost  Cler 

Letter,  Grov.  Shirley  to  8ecy  Willard 

S4  Jame's  Street  April  27,  1753. 

Some  Days  ago  I  obtain'd  an  Order  from  Ld  Anson  to 
Capt  Montague  of  his  Majesty's  Ship  Port  Mahon  which  is 
appointed  for  the  Newfoundland  Station  this  Year,  to  set  me 
down  at  Boston  before  he  proceeds  upon  his  Station,  his  Ship 
will  1  beleive  sail  in  14  or  15  days. 

I  have  petitioned  the  King  in  Council  for  11  Canon  of  24u 
Ball  which  Number  will  compleat  the  Royal  Battery  at  Castle 
Willm  with  suitable  Guns,  &  for  two  Mortars  with  a  propor- 
tion of  Ball,  Shells  &  all  other  Stores  except  Powder,  which 
last  it  is  a  settled  Rule  not  to  grant,  upon  my  apprizing  Mr 
Sharpe  Clerk  of  the  Council  of  my  Petition,  I  had  the  Dis- 
couragem1  to  hear  that  a  Fortnight  before  Mr  Pelham  had 
absolutely  rejected  a  Petn  from  the  Province  of  Maryland  to 
have  300  Musquets  replaid,  which  they  had  furnish'd  the 
Soldiers  raised  for  the  Canada  Expedition  with  out  of  the 
Province  Stores,  but  upon  my  delivering  it  to  my  Lord  Pres- 
ident his  Lordship  was  pleased  to  receive  it  very  graciously 
&  tell  me  it  should  be  granted,  &  in  order  to  give  it  the 
greatest  Dispatch,  he  has  referr'd  it  to  the  Board  of  Ordnance 
for  an  Estimate  of  the  Ordnance  Stores  prayed  for,  to  be 
directly  made  out  without  making  any  Report  of  their  Opin- 
ion upon  the  Substance  of  fitness  of  the  Petition  as  is  the 
usual  Manner  of  those  Referrences,  &  which  frequently  occa- 
sions delay  &  difficulties. 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  207 

Upon  getting  this  Referrence  from  the  Council  to  the 
Board  of  Ordnance,  I  delivered  it  my  self  to  Sir  John 
Legonier,  begging  the  favour  of  him  to  order  it  to  be  dis- 
patch'd,  the  Easter  Holydays  have  delayed  it,  but  I  am  prom- 
is'd  by  the  Secry  of  the  Board,  that  the  Estimate  shall  be 
finish'd  this  day  &  be  signed  by  Sir  John  &  the  Principal 
Officers  of  the  Board  in  time  to  be  returned  into  the  Council 
Office  on  Tuesday  next. 

I  have  taken  Care  to  get  the  Freight  of  these  Stores 
included  in  the  Board  of  Ordnance's  Estimate  which  is  not 
usual  &  I  flatter  my  self  with  the  Hopes  of  obtaining  an 
absolute  Order  for  the  Delivery  of  them  before  I  imbark,  & 
for  their  being  forthwth  transported  to  Castle  William  at  the 
Expence  of  the  Crown,  &  to  have  the  next  good  Merchant 
Ship  bound  for  Boston  fixed  upon  for  bringing  them.  I 
mentioned  the  Carriage  of  them  to  Ld  Anson  but  he  told  me 
the  Kings  Ships  never  carried  Ordnance  Stores  upon  such 
Occasions.  &  that  besides  the  Port  Mahon  was  loaded  wth  a 
great  Quantity  of  Provisions. 

I  thought  it  was  most  adviseable  to  pospone  an  Applica- 
tion for  the  Pictures  of  the  Royal  Family  in  the  Room  of 
those  which  were  burnt  in  the  Council  Chamber  untill  the 
Ordnance  Stores  were  secured  for  the  Province,  being 
unwilling  to  run  the  least  Risque  of  that  Application's  inter- 
feering  with  the  other  more  essential  one,  but  as  soon  as  an 
absolute  Order  is  passed  for  the  Stores,  I  will  apply  to  Mr 
Pelham  for  the  Pictures. 

The  Application  for  a  Reimbursem1  of  the  Remainder  of 
the  Slopps  bought  by  the  Province  for  the  New  England 
Soldiers  in  the  Expedition  against  Cap'  Breton,  and  made 
use  of  by  Mr  Knowles  during  his  Administration  as  Govern1 
there  for  the  Soldiers  of  the  Kings  Regiments  stands  still  for 
the  Arrival  of  some  Evidence  from  Boston  which  Mr  Bollan 


hath  sent  for  to  ascertain  the  value  of  them,  as  does  the 
Affair  of  the  Townships  controversied  between  the  Province 
&  Colony  of  Connecticut,  &  of  the  new  Line  claimed  by  the 
Colony  of  Rhode  Island  for  Evidence  from  the  Records  of 
the  two  Colonies,  which  in  my  Opinion  is  absolutely  neces- 
sary to  be  procur'd  if  possible  before  those  Matters  are  bro't 
to  a  Decision  before  the  King  in  Council,  or  at  least  to  have 
a  Denial  from  the  Assemblies  of  those  Colonies  to  let  the 
Massa  Agents  in  New  England  search  &  take  Copies  of  their 
Records  in  Order  to  intitle  the  Provinces  Agent  here  to  pro- 
duce Copies  of  its  own  Records,  which  can't  be  regularly 
admitted  as  Evidence  in  its  own  Case,  untill  the  Province  is 
denied  Copies  of  the  Rhd  Isld  &  Connecticut  Records  upon 
the  Point  in  Question :  Mr  Bollan  was  in  hopes  of  receiving 
those  Papers  by  the  last  Ships,  When  he  is  furnished  with 
'Em  I  am  persuaded  no  Pains  nor  good  Conduct  will  be 
wanting  to  establish  the  Provinces  just  Right  in  these  Dis- 
putes, which  to  me  appears  clear  &  evident,  &  that  the  pre- 
tensions of  both  the  Colonies  are  unreasonable  &  vexatious. 

As  to  the  Provinces  Demands  against  that  of  New  Hamp- 
shire on  Account  of  their  maintaining  Fort  Dummer  during 
the  War,  Mr  Bollan  had  obtained  before  he  brought  over  the 
Money  granted  the  Province  by  Parliam*  for  the  Reimbursm* 
of  their  Expences  in  the  Expedition  against  Cap'  Breton,  a 
Report  from  the  Board  of  Trade  in  favour  of  it :  but  soon 
after  Mr  Bollan  was  imbarked  for  Boston  the  Agent  of  the 
Provce  of  N:  Hampshire  preferred  a  Pet"  to  the  King  in 
Council  to  be  heard  against  the  Report,  and  an  Order  of 
Council  was  thereupon  made  that  the  Matter  should  stay 
untill  the  Lords  of  Council  should  call  the  Agents  of  both 
Colonies  before  them,  it  is  necessary  to  stay  a  decent  Time 
out  of  Respect  to  that  Order,  without  moving  by  a  Petn  on 
the  Part  of  the  Provce  to  have  the  hearing  brought  on,  When 
that  is  done  Mr  Bollan  will  move  it,  &  I  hope  there  can  be 


no  Danger  of  having  the  Report  of  the  Lords  Commiss^,  of 
Trade  confirmed. 

There  is  an  Appearance  that  the  Settlem*  of  a  Line  between 
the  Province  &  N.  York  may  be  soon  brought  on. 

The  finishing  Memorial  upon  the  Limits  of  Nova  Scotia 
as  claimed  by  his  Majesty  to  extend  as  far  as  the  Southern 
Bank  of  the  River  S*  Lawrence  hath  been  some  Months 
transmitted  by  Lord  Holderness  to  the  Court  of  France.  I 
dont  hear  that  any  further  Step  hath  been  taken  between  the 
two  Courts  for  the  settling  that  most  essential  Line  for  the 
Security  of  all  the  English  Northern  Colonies.  But  I  flatter 
my  self  that  in  the  Opinion  of  all  His  Majestys  Ministers, 
the  English  Right  to  the  Limits  ( which  they  claim  (  particu- 
larly with  Respect  to  the  Ancient  Limits  of  the  Province  )  is 
asserted  in  the  clearest  &  most  convincing  Manner,  even 
upon  the  Foot  of  the  French  Records  &  Histories  which 
themselves  have  produc'd  to  maintain  their  Pretensions  in 
their  Answer  to  our  first  Memorial  &  that  there  is  not  the 
least  Colour  or  Shadow  of  Argument  or  rather  Sophistry  wch 
they  have  advanced  left  unanswered  &  unconfuted. 

I  cant  conclude  without  observing  that  when  the  Supply 
for  the  Maintenance  of  Nova  Scotia  came  on  in  the  House  of 
Commons  to  be  debated  it  was  not  only  unanimously  voted, 
but  with  the  most  visible  Satisfaction  on  the  Countenance  of 
every  Member  that  was  ever  known  there  upon  any  such 
Occasion,  most  explicit  strong  Declarations  were   made   by 

the  Mr r  in  favour  of  its  Support  &  of  the  Importance 

of  it  to  the  Nation  &  the  Parliamentary  faith  was  plighted 
for  it  as  much  as  could  be  done  by  his  Declaration  —  These 
Proofs  of  the  Spirit  &  Sense  of  the  Parliam*  upon  this  Point 
gave  a  most  sensible  Pleasure  to  all  here  who  have  the  Inter- 
est of  the  Colonies  at  Heart  &  I  cant  but  hope  that  they  will 
be  soon  seconded  with  effectual  Measures  for  removg  the 
French  from  their  Incroachments  &  securing  the  Possession 



of  the  Places  where  they  are  made  to  ourselves,  as  the  Noble 
Lord  to  whom  the  King  has  committed  the  cheif  Care  of  the 
Settlem1  of  Nova  Scotia  wants  neither  discernm*  Spirit  nor 
Inclination  for  doing  it. — 

I  hope  to  have  a  happy  Sight  of  the  Provce  in  a  few  Weeks 
&  am  Sir 

Your  most  humble  Servant 

W.  Shirley 


Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To  the  Honble  Spencer  Phipps  Esq1  Lieutenant  Governour 
&  Commander  in  Cheife  To    Honourble   his  Majestys 
Council  &  House  of  Representatives  for  said  Province 
in  General  Court  Assembled  the  30  May  1753 
Humbly  Sheweth 

The  Memorial  of  the  Proprietors  of  that 
Tract  of  Land  lying  on  both  Sides  of  Kenebeck  River  which 
was  granted  to  the  late  Colony  of  New  Plymouth  in  their 
Charter  — 

That  your  Memorialists  are  concerned  in  the  Event  of  the 
Petition  of  the  Settlers  at  Sheepscot  alias  New  Castle  as  the 
same  is  within  the  Limitts  of  your  Memorialists  Patent,  and 
as  your  Memorialists  are  satisfied  that  the  Erecting  them  into 
a  District  will  serve  the  Interest  of  the  Settlers,  they  beg 
leave  to  joyn  with  the  Petitioners  in  praying  this  Honourable 
Court  that  the  Settlement  at  Sheepscot  may  be  Erected  into 
a  District,  &  therefore  your  Memorialists  would  present  to 
your  Honours  that  many  other  settlements  are  making  &  will 
soon  be  made  in  the  Neighborhood  of  Sheepscot  alias  New 
Castle  which  will  soon  be  under  the  same  Necessity  of  being 
formed  into  distinct  Districts  with  proper  Extent  and  Limitts 

OF    THE    STATE   OF   MAESTE  211 

and  that  if  Sheepscot  should  be  made  a  District  according  to 
Bounds  proposed  it  will  have  a  Large  River  in  the  Body  of 
said  District  and  will  incommode  a  Tract  of  Land  between 
Sheepscot  River  &  the  River  Kenebeck  which  is  about  seven 
Miles  on  the  East  of  which  Rivers  Settlements  are  now 
making  and  will  soon  want  to  be  formed  into  a  District. 
Your  Memorialists  therefore  pray  that  only  the  Land  between 
Sheepscot  &  Damariscotta  Rivers  may  be  made  a  District 
and  your  Petitioners  shall  ever  pray  &c 
Wm  Brattle  Robert  Temple  Cha  Apthorp 

Thomas  Hancock  Will"1  Bowdoin  David  Jeffries 

John  Jones  Silv.  Gardiner  Edwd  Goodwin 

James  Pitts  Samuel  Goodwin 

Petition  of  the  inhabitants  of  Lands  on  Kennebeck  River. 

Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To  the  Honourable  Spencer  Phipps  Esq.  Lieu1  Govern'  & 
Commander  in  chief  of  his  Majesty's  Province  of  the 
Massa  Bay  aforesaid,  The  Honble  His  Majesty's  Council, 
and  the  Honble  House  of  Representatives  in  Gener1  Court 
assembled  May  30th  1753. 
The  Subscribers  most  humbly  shew 

That  they  are  Inhabitants  of  those  Lands  on  Kennebeck 
River  bounded  Southerly  on  Winnigance  River,  Easterly  on 
Kennebeck,  Westerly  on  Steven's  Rivr  and  Northerly  on 
Merry  Meeting  Bay,  in  length  about  nine  miles,  and  in 
breadth  about  three ;  which  about  Fourteen  Years  since  being 
Inhabited  but  by  about  Six  or  Seven  Families,  were  annex'd 
by  this  Court  to  George  Town,  since  which  they  have 
increased  to  the  Numr  of  about  Forty  Families  and  made 
considerable  Improvements.  That  they  Labour  under  the 
Greatest  Difficulties  in  Attending  the  Publick  Worship  of 



God  at  George  Town,  in  that  they  not  only  Live  remote  from 
thence,  but  are  obliged  to  cross  Winnigance  River  at  least 
three-quarters  of  a  Mile,  where  the  Tide  is  very  rapid  and 
the  Ice  in  cold  season's  in  very  large  quantities  by  means 
whereof  the  Ancient  People  Women  &  Children  can  scarce 
ever  Attend  the  Publick  Worship  of  God,  so  necessary  to 
their  well  being. 

Wherefore  Your  Petitioners  most  humbly  pray  this  Hon- 
ourable Court  to  take  the  Premisses  into  Consideration  and 
of  their  wonted  goodness  and  Paternal  care  for  such  infant 
settlemts  Grant  and  Order  them  a  Distinct  Precinct  or  Parish 
to  be  set  off  by  the  aforesaid  bounds  and  Grant  them  such 
Powers  and  Priviledges  as  have  been  usual  for  such  or  pro- 
vide such  other  ways  and  methods  for  the  redress  of  their 
Inconveniences  aforesaid  as  this  Court  in  their  Wisdom  shall 
Judge  most  fit  and  reasonable. 

And  Your  Petitioners  as  in  duty  bound  shall  ever  pray. 

Jonathan  Philbrook  Seiyr  Joseph  Gray 
Benjamin  Brown      Joseph  Berry 
Philip  Hodgkins       Humphrey  purinton 
Mikel  Thornton        Humphrey  Purinton 
Jonathan  Philbrook  Junr  Thomas  Joy 
Bryant  Robertson     John  Tar 

Daniel  Brown 
William  Philbrook 
Simon  Burton 
Moses  Hodgkins 
Benj  Lemons 

James  Thornton 

James  Brown 

Benja  Ring 

Daved  Purinton 

Joshua  Philbrook 

Ebenezer  Hinkley    Josear  Weber 

John  Solivern  John  ONeal 

Samuel  Meloon  Juner  N.  Donnell 

George  Williames    David  trufant 

Samuel  Meloon  Sener 

John  Wise 
Hezekiah  Purinton 
Juner  John  Lammon 
Benjamin  Thompson 
Shubel  Hinkley 
Samuel  Brown 
William  Johnson 
Thomas  Foot 
Job  Philbrook 
James  Mecib 
Abel  Eaten 
Isaiah  Crooker 
William  Marshall 
Nathanel  Berrey 
Joshua  Coomes 

OF    THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  213 

In  the  House  of  Repves  June  12,  1753. 

Read  and  Ordered  that  the  Petrs  serve  the  Town  Clerk  of 
the  Town  of  George  Town  with  a  copy  of  this  Pet"  that  so 
the  said  Town  shew  cause  if  any  they  have  on  the  Second 
Wednesday  of  the  next  Sitting  of  this  Court  why  the  Prayer 
thereof  should  not  be  granted. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  June  12,  1753     Read  and  Concur'd 

Thos  Clarke  Dp^  Secry 

In  Council,  Sept.  7,  1753.  Read  again  with  a  Copy  of 
the  Vote  of  the  Inhabitants  of  George  Town  pass'd  at  a 
Meeting  held  the  10th  of  July  last ;  And  it  appearing  that 
they  had  no  Objections  to  make  thereunto ; 

Answer  to  Sheepscot  Petition. 

Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To  the  Honoble  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieutenant  Governour 
&  Commander  in  Chief  of  the  Province  aforesaid  The 
Honoble  his  Majestys  Council  &  Honoble  House  of  Repre- 
sent™8 in  General  Court  assembled  June  1753 

The  Answer  of  the  Proprietors  of  the  Lands  on  the  West 
side  the  River  Sheepscutt,  to  the  Petition  of  the  Inhabitants 
on  the  East  side  of  said  River  praying  to  be  sett  off  &  incor- 
porated into  a  District, 
Humbly  Shews. 

That  the  Respond18  are  alike  sensible  with  the  Pet™  of 
your  Honours  tender  Regards  for  them  in  the  late  Indian 
War  &  with  great  Thankfullness  now  mention  it ;  but  as  to 
the  Reasons  Offered  by  the  Petrs  to  induce  Your  Honours  to 
incorporate  them  into  a  District  according  to  the  Bounds  set 
forth  in  their  Petition  the  Respond*8  humbly  apprehend  are 


not  only  weak  &  without  foundation  but  shou'd  they  prevail 
wou'd  be  very  inconvenient  prejudicial  &  grievous  to  the 
Respond18  which  will  appear  in  the  following  particulars 
First  In  the  proposed  Bounds  the  Land  on  the  West  side 
the  River  is  cut  &  divided  into  several  Gaps  &  parcels  leav- 
ing one  Peice  &  taking  the  next  which  will  make  great 
Confusion  among  the  Owners. 

Secondly  The  River  being  considerably  Wide  must  neces- 
sarily create  us  vast  trouble  &  difficulty  to  attend  the 
Publick  Meetings  of  the  proposed  District  &  the  other  Busi- 
ness thereof  it  being  at  some  seasons  impracticable  to  pass  & 
Repass  the  River. 

Thirdly  Should  the  Peace  continue  as  we  are  a  large  Tract 
on  the  West  side  the  River  &  conveniently  situated  for  a 
District  we  propose  shortly  to  Petition  Yr  Honours  for  that 

Fourthly  The  Petitioners  have  never  Consulted  with  the 
Respondt8  relating^  their  propos'd  District  nor  have  they 
ever  applyed  to  us  to  join  with  them  in  Petitioning  Your 

For  these  &  many  other  Reasons  we  could  offer  to  Yr 
Honours,  to  show  forth  the  great  grievance  the  Granting  the 
prayer  of  the  Pet18  would  be  to  the  Respond18  we  humbly 
pray  the  said  Petition  may  be  Dismissed  but  should  Yr  Hon- 
ours in  Your  great  Wisdom  see  meet  to  Grant  the  prayer 
thereof  We  humbly  pray  that  all  the  Lands  belonging  to  the 
Respond'8  &  extending  five  miles  West  from  the  River  may 
be  included  in  said  District  &  that  a  Bridge  may  be 
erected  across  the  River  to  enable-  to  pass  over  it  with 
safety,  &  also  that  the  meeting  house  may  be  set  in  the 
Center  of  the  proposed  District,  but  upon  considering  our 
Circumstances  We  humbly  hope  Yr  Honours  will  Dismiss 
said  Petition. 


And  as  in  Duty  Bound  shall  ever  pray 

Sam1  Whittemore  Joseph  Roberts  Thomas  Richardson 

Isaac  Kenney         Sam11  Burt  Benjamin  Richardson 

Charles  Coffin         Israel  Auerell  John  Cookson 

Letter,  Ll   Gov.  Phips  to  Capt.  Jabez  Bradbury 


I  herewith  inclose  my  Letter  to  you  of  the  5th  of  June  last 
that  so  you  may  the  better  consider  how  far  the  Disposition 
&  Conduct  of  the  Indians  may  agree  with  my  Demands  & 
Expectations  respecting  their  bringing  in  the  other  Tribes  of 
Indians  to  the  proposed  Interview  at  Sl  Georges.  I  found  it 
necessary  to  put  off  that  Meeting  by  reason  of  the  Small  Pox 
then  raging  at  Boston  ;  but  that  Reason  now  almost  ceasing 
being  greatly  at  an  end  removed  by  the  Distempers  being  in 
a  manner  removed  from  thence  Boston  there  being  but  four 
Persons  in  Boston  sick  of  it  as  I  am  informed  it  is  probable 
that  in  a  few  weeks  more  there  will  not  be  one. 

I  therefore  direct  you  to  acquaint  the  Indians  that  I  pur- 
pose, that  the  Commissioners  shall  attend  that  Affair  some 
time  in  the  Month  of  Septem1  or  October  next  as  shall  best 
suit  their  Convenience,  &  I  therefore  expect  they  state  the 
particular  Time,  But  at  the  same  time  I  insist  upon  it  that 
they  bring  in  the  rest  of  the  Tribes  ( especially  those  of  Nor- 
ridgewock )  to  attend  at  the  Treaty  wthout  which  it  will  be 
to  little  Effect  to  send  the  Commissioners  down  to  attend  at 
the  Treaty.  I  expect  that  you  pursue  this  Matter  without 
Delay,  &  give  me  the  earliest  &  fullest  Intelligence  you  can. 
You  must  let  the  Indians  know  that  the  Presents  have  been 
all  this  while  at  Sl  Georges  &  so  in  no  Danger  of  Infection. 


Lieut.  GW'S  Message  June  12,  1753. 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Representatives 

It  has  always  been  allowed  that  the  Settlement  of  the 
Eastern  Parts  of  the  Province  would  be  greatly  for  his 
Majtys  Service,  as  well  as  the  more  immediate  Advantage  of 
the  Inhabitants  of  this  Government,  but  yet  there  does  not 
seem  to  have  been  proper  Care  taken  to  remove  the  Obstacles 
to  this  Settlement.  The  two  principal  &  perhaps  only 
material  ones  are,  the  exposed  Situation  of  that  part  of  the 
Country  to  the  Indian  Enemy  in  Case  of  a  Rupture,  and  the 
great  Controversy  about  Titles  by  reason  of  different  Claims 
to  the  same  Tracts  of  Land. 

With  respect  to  the  first  I  do  not  see  but  that  it  must 
remain  in  some  measure,  but  then  it  is  to  be  considered  that 
any  new  Settlement  on  the  back  of  the  old  will  be  no  more  a 
Frontier  than  the  old  are  at  present ;  and  by  covering  the  old 
Settlements  you  will  encourage  the  filling  them  with  Inhab- 
itants, &  greatly  strengthen  the  whole.  But  with  respect  to 
the  latter,  It  undoubtedly  is  in  the  Power  of  this  Court  to 
remedy  it ;  What  appears  to  me  the  most  unexceptional  way 
is,  the  Appoinm*  of  a  special  Court  for  setling  the  Titles, 
allowing  sufficient  Time  for  every  Claimer  to  exhibit  his 
Claim  &  excluding  for  ever  all  such  as  shall  not  appear 
before  the  limited  Period,  and  after  the  Expiration  of  the 
Term  the  said  Court  proceed  to  determine  the  Validity  of  each 
Claim :  This  will  be  a  work  of  time,  &  I  can't  expect  to  live 
to  see  any  great  Effect  of  it,  but  it  will  be  a  great  Satisfac- 
tion to  me  if  during  my  being  in  the  Chair,  I  may  be  any 
ways  instrumental  of  laying  the  foundation  of  future  Benefit 
to  my  Country. 
Council  Chamber  S  Phips 

12  June  1753 
In  the  House  of  Repves  June  15  1753 

OF   THE    STATE   OF    MAINE  217 

Read  and  Ordered  that  the  Speaker  Mr  Welles  and  Cap* 
Livermore  with  such  as  the  Honble  Board  shall  app*  be  a 
Commee  to  take  this  Message  under  Consideration  and 
Report  at  the  next  sitting  of  this  Court  what  they  Judge 
proper  to  be  done  thereon 

Sent  up  for  concurrence 

Attr  Roland  Cotton  Cler  Dom  Rep 
In  Council  June  15,  1753     Read  and  Concurd  &  Andrew 
Oliver  &  Thos  Hutchinson  Esqrs  are  joined  in  the  Affair 

Tho8  Clarke  Dp^  Secry 

Consented  to  S  Phips 

New  Casco  Petition  «Septr  7,  1753:' 

Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To   his    Excellency    William    Shirley  Esqr  Governour  & 
Commander  in  Chief  over  said  Province,  the  Honble  His 
Majesties  Council  &  House  of  Representatives  in  Genrl 
Court  assembled  Septr  ye  5th  1753 
The    Petition    of   the    Inhabitants    of   New  Casco  Lying 
between    Northyarmouth   and    the    Easterly    side    of    Pre- 
sumpscut  River  and  of  a  few  Families  in  a  Bend  of  Said 
River  and  on  the  Westerly  Side  thereof  being  about  Sixty 
Families  in  the  whole  and  all  belonging  to  the  First  Parish 
in  the  Town  of  Falmouth  in  the  County  of  York 
Humbly  Sheweth 

That  your  Petitioners  living  very  distant  from 
the  Place  where  the  publick  Worship  of  God  is  carried  on  in 
the  said  first  Parish  in  Falmouth,  have  for  a  great  Number 
of  Years  Laboured  under  much  Difficulty  to  attend  the  same. 
For  that  the  greatest  Part  of  them  are  Obliged  either  to  be 
at  the  Pains  of  travelling  Eight  or  Nine  Miles  by  Land 
which  is  impracticable  for  most  in  their  Families  to  do ;  or 


else  they  must  be  at  the  Fatigue  of  going  partly  by  Land 
and  then  four  or  five  miles  by  Water  across  the  Bay,  which 
by  Reason  of  Ice  and  Snow  in  the  Winter,  &  high  Winds 
and  Storms  in  Other  Seasons  of  the  Year,  and  the  Tides  not 
serving  half  the  Time  makes  it  extremely  difficult,  and  some- 
times very  dangerous  passing  and  repassing  to  the  Place  of 
publick  Worship  in  the  first  Parish  in  Falmouth  as  aforesd  — 

In  Order  to  prevent  which  great  Difficulty  and  Trouble 
your  Petitioners  have  within  a  few  years  been  at  the 
Expence  of  Building  a  Meeting  House  in  a  Place  convenient 
and  commodious  for  them  to  attend  the  publick  Worship  of 
God  in  ;  and  at  the  extraordinary  Charge  of  hiring  Preach- 
ing among  themselves  from  time  to  time.  And  that  they 
might  have  the  Gospel  regularly  setled  among  them,  and  be 
releived  of  their  Aggrievance  and  Difficulty ;  are  Obliged  to 
resort  to  this  Honble  Court  for  Redress. 

Humbly  beseaching  your  Honours  would  please  to  take 
their  Case  into  your  wise  Consideration,  and  set  them  off  a 
distinct  Parish  by  themselves,  and  that  the  Bounds  of  said 
Parish  may  be  three  Miles  and  three  Quarters  Southwesterly 
from  Northyarmouth  Line  and  to  run  through  the  Town  into 
the  Country  and  into  the  Sea  paralel  with  the  dividing  Line 
between  Falmouth  &  Northyarmouth. 

Or  otherwise  set  off  a  sufficient  Number  of  them  with 
their  Substance  to  whom  it  may  be  convenient  to  attend  the 
publick  Worship  of'  God,  in  the  Place  where  the  said  Meet- 
ing House  is  now  erected,  as  to  your  known  Wisdom  shall 
seem  meet  „ 

And  yor  Petitioners  as  in  Duty  bound  will  ever  pray 
Jeremiah  Pote        Danforth  Phipps         Nathaniel  Noyes 
George  Knight       Nathan  Noyes  Ichabod  Clark 

Samuel  Stapell       Gowin  Wilson  Jur       James  Buxton 
Benjamin  Godfrey  Jona  Underwood        Richard  Pumury 
Richerd  Merrill      Jona :  Stubs  Richeard  Pumory  Junr 


Richard  Stubs        Joseph  Tornpson        Benjmn  York  Junr 
James  Wyman  Jim      Nath1  Tompson     Benjmn  York 
Sam11  Noyes  Edmund  Titcomb       Thomas  Tucker 

Roland  Davis         John  Merrill  William  Bucknam 

Edmund  Titcomb  Benjamin  Merrill        John  Hunt 
Benjmn  Blackston  Samuel  Crocket  James  Wyman 

Benj  Davis  John  Calley  James  Merrill  Junr 

Gowin  Wilson        James  Merrill  Nath1  C 

Joshua  Merrill        William  Ingersoll       Zachariah  field 
Henry  Totman        Joseph  Wilson  Elisha  Baker 

Benjamin  Blackstone  Junr     Will  Bartoll     Thomas  Hunaford 
William  Knight     George  Cutter  Parcivell  Clark 

John  Adams 
In  the  House  of  Representatives  Septr  10  1753 

Read  &  Ordered  that  the  pet"  Serve  the  Clerk  of  the 
First  Parish  In  Falmouth  with  a  Copy  of  this  Pet"  that  they 
Shew  Cause  ( if  Any  they  have  )  on  the  Second  thursday  of 
Next  Sitting  of  the  Court  why  the  prayer  thereof  should  not 
be  granted. 

Sent  up  for  concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  Septenber  11,  1753  Read  &  Concurd 

Tho8  Clarke  Dp1*  Secry 
In  Council  Decr  17.  1753  Read  and  Ordered  that  the 
Prayer  of  the  Petrs  be  so  far  Granted  as  that  the  Inhabitants 
on  the  Easterly  side  of  Pesumpscot  River  be  set  off  as  a 
seperate  Parish  begining  at  North  Yarmouth  Line  near  the 
Sea,  and  from  thence  running  by  the  Bay  to  Pesumpscot 
River,  and  thence  up  said  River  as  far  as  the  Westerly  Side 
of  Mr  James  Winslows  Sixty  Acre  Lot  on  which  his  now 
dwelling  House  Stands,  and  from  thence  to  run  a  Northwest 
Line  to  the  head  of  the  Township  Including  Mackworths 
Island,  Clapboard  Island  and  Little  Jabeeg ;  and  as  many  of 
the  Inhabitants  of  the  first  Parish  in  Falmouth  as  shall  see 
Cause,  that  live  on  the  Westerly  side  of  said  Pesumpscot 


River  convenient  to  said  Parish  have  Liberty  to  Join  with 
them  with  their  Estates  on  which  they  dwell  within  twelve 
Months,  they  transmitting  into  the  Secretarys  Office  a  List 
of  their  Names  for  Confirmation  within  said  Term  And  That 
the  said  Inhabitants  be  vested  with  the  Powers  and  Privi- 
leges which  other  Parishes  within  this  Province  do,  or  by 
Law  ought  to  enjoy, 

Sent  down  for  Concurrence 

Tho8  Clarke  Dp1*  Secry 

In  the  House  of  Rep8  Decr  18  1753 
Read  &  Concurred 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 
Consented  to  W  Shirley 


Ordered  that  the  Petitioners  &  their  Lands  as  bounded  in 
the  Petition  be  set  off  as  a  separate  &  distinct  Parish  or  Pre- 
cinct, And  that  the  Inhabitants  enjoy  &  be  vested  with  the 
Powers  &  Priviledges  of  other  Precincts  in  this  Province. 
Sent  down  for  Concurrence  J  Willard  Secry 

In  the  House  of  Repves  Sep1  7,  1753 

Read  and  Concur'd  T  Hubbard  Spkr 

Consented  to  W  Shirley 

Q-eorge  Town  Precinct. 

Anno  Regni  Regis  George  II  Vicessimo  Septimo 

An  act  for  erecting  Part  of  George  Town  in  the  County 

of  York  into  A  Presinct  Whereas  it  hath  been  represented 

to  this  Court,  that   that  part  of  the  Inhabitants  of  Georg 

Town  aforesaid  Living  on  the  Westerly  Side  of  Long  beach 


in  said  Town,  Labour  under  Difficulties  by  reason  of  their 
not  being  Set  of  as  A  Sepperate  Presinct. 

Be  it  Enacted  by  the  Governour  Council  and  House  of 
Representatives,  that  part  of  the  said  George  Town  with  the 
inhabatants  thereon  be  and  hereby  is  Erected  into  A  Presinct 
Bounding  as  following,  Southerly  on  Winnigance  River 
Easterly  on  Kenebeck  River,  westerly  on  Stevens  River,  and 
Northerly  on  Merrymeeting  Bay  in  Length  about  Nine  miles, 
and  in  Breadth  about  three  miles,  and  that  the  said  Presinct, 
be  and  hereby  is  invested  with  all  Priviledges  Powers  and 
immunities  that  Presincts  in  this  Province  by  Law  do  or  may 
In  the  House  of  Representatives  September  10  1753. 

Read    a   first   Second    &    Third    Time    &    passed   to    be 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  September  11.  1753 

Read  a  first  and  second  time  &  Pass'd  a  Currence  to  be 

Thos  Clarke  Dp1*  Secry 

Message  to  the  Governour  Sept.  11,  1753. 

May  it  please  your  Excellency, 

It  having  been  represented  to  the  General  Court  in  a 
Memorial  from  Benjamin  Mitchel  and  Lazarus  Noble  that 
the  said  Memorialists  had  been  to  Montreal  in  search  after 
three  Children  of  theirs  who  were  taken  Captives  by  the 
Indians  in  September  1751  at  Swan  Island  &  elsewhere,  and 
that  they  were  received  by  the  Governor  there  with  some 
shew  of  Friendship,  who  gave  them  his  word  that  their 
Childen  should  be  released  to  them  the  next  day:  but 
instead  of  conforming  thereto,  he  sent  express  orders  early 


the  next  Morning  that  they  should  depart  for  New  England 
immediately,  or  he  would  imprison  them„  accordingly  intimi- 
dated by  that  cruel  Threat,  they  departed  without  their 
Children,  and  are  lately  returned  from  thence, 

This  Conduct  of  the  French  Governor  is  not  only  against 
the  Laws  of  Nature  and  Contrary  to  the  Treaties  of  Peace 
subsisting  between  the  two  Nations,  but  a  Contempt  of  this 

It  is  against  the  Laws  of  Nature,  as  he  forcibly  detains  the 
said  Children  from  their  Parents,  regardless  of  the  warm 
Affections  which  such  a  relation  mutually  inspires,  and 
unreasonably  deprives  those  of  their  Liberties,  who  have  by 
Nature  a  right  thereto. 

It  is  contrary  to  the  Treaties  of  Peace  subsisting  between 
the  two  Nations,  which  provide  that  all  Prisoners  shall  be 
mutually  restor'd :  And, 

It  is  a  Contempt  of  this  Government,  as  the  said  Memor- 
ialists went  under  the  Patronage  thereof,  and  with  Letters 
from  our  then  Commander  in  Chief. 

Such  Conduct ;  no  People,  who  have  felt  what  Liberty  and 
Freedom  mean,  and  are  capable  of  resenting  Injuries,  can 
Tamely  submit  to ;  and  such,  this  People,  under  the  Conduct 
of  Your  Excellency,  will  never  submit  to. 

This  House  therefore  requests  of  your  Excellency,  that 
your  Excellency  would  write  to  the  aforesaid  French  Gover- 
nor on  this  Head ;  and  in  such  Terms  as  your  Regard  to  the 
Liberties  of  Mankind,  and  Abhorrence  of  all  Infringements 
thereupon,  shall  dictate. 

This  House  also  requests  of  your  Excellency  that  your 
Excellency  would  give  it  in  Charge  to  those  whom  you  may 
appoint  Commissioners  for  the  approaching  Interview  with 
the  said  Indians,  that  they  may  remonstrate  to  them    the 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  223 

Injustice  &  Basenes  of  their  Conduct,  in  taking  away  and 
detaining  said  Children,  contrary  to  the  Treaties  of  Friend- 
ship, subsisting  between  us,  and  their  repeated  promises  to 
restore  said  children  and  that  the  Commissioners  insist  on 
their  performing  what  they  have  so  long,  and  thus  repeatedly 
promised.     And 

Whereas  the  said  Indians  at  the  last  Interview  expressed 
an  uneasiness  about  some  intended  settlements  up  Kenne- 
beck  River  above  Richmond  Fort ;  to  remove  which-  Com- 
missioners then  promised  them  to  examine  into  that  Affair  : 
in  Consequence  of  which  a  Committee  of  both  Houses  at  the 
Session  in  April  last  was  appointed  to  consider  the  Com- 
plaints of  the  Eastern  Indians  touching  the  English  Claims 
and  Settlements  on  Kennebeck  River  above  Richmond  Fort ; 
who  having  notified  the  Claimants  and  examined  the  Indian 
Deeds  and  other  Evidence  of  Titles  which  they  produced, 

That  by  the  Deeds  produced  under  the  hands  of  the 
Sachems  of  that  Country  in  the  Years  1648  and  1653,  and 
others  about  those  times,  the  Indians  sold  to  the  English, 
not  only  the  Lands  below,  but  also  the.  Lands  above  Rich- 
mond Fort,  all  along  the  River  Kennebeck. 

That  Settlements  were  only  made  by  the  English,  many 
Miles  above  Richmond  Fort,  and  those  Settlements  continued 
for  a  considerable  time. 

That  the  Indians  in  their  Treaties  with  the  English  in 
1693,  in  1713  and  in  1717  agreed  that  the  English  should 
quietly  and  peacably  enjoy  all  their  Rights  of  Land,  & 
former  Settlements  and  Possessions  in  the  Eastern  parts  of 
this  Province  and  that  the  English  should  in  no  ways  be 
molested  or  disturbed  therein,  and  that  Cap*  Lithgow  &  the 
other  Commanding  Officers  in  those  parts,  be  directed  to  use 
their  best  Endeavours  to  keep  the  Indians  quiet  until  the 
Commissioners  from  this  Government  shall  meet  them  in  the 


Fall  of  the  Year ;  and  to  let  them  know  that  such  Commis- 
sioners will  then  lay  before  them  the  English  Claims  to  their 
Lands  and  endeavour  in  a  friendly  manner  to  accomodate  the 
the  matter  with  them." 

This  House  therefore  prays  your  Excellency  to  give  your 
Commissioners  Instructions  to  lay  this    matter   before   said 
Indians  at  the  approaching  Interview,  that  it  may  be  accomo- 
dated in  a  friendly  manner  with  them. 
In  the  House  of  Represent.     Septr  11,  1753 

Ordered  that  the  foregoing  Message  be  sent  to  His  Excelcy 

the  Govr  &  that  Col  Winslow  Cap1  Chandler  Cap*  Fry  Cap1 

Williams  &  Mr  Hall  be  a  Comtee  to  Wait  upon  his  Excelcy 

therewith  - 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

Answer  to  Message.     Sept.  13,  1753. 

Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Represent™8 

I  have  considered  your  Message  delivered  to  me  on  Tues- 
day last,  particularly  that  Part  of  it  which  relates  to  the 
Commissioners  in  the  intended  Interview  with  the  Eastern 
Indians  Giving  them  Satisfaction  as  to  the  English  Claims  of 
Lands  on  Kennebeck  River ;  and  altho  what  you  have  sug- 
gested may  be  very  proper  to  be  urged  &  insisted  upon  by 
the  Commissioners,  yet  I  apprehend  it  will  not  be  sufficient 
to  satisfy  &  quiet  them  nor  to  answer  the  Promise  made 
them  the  last  year  by  the  Commissioners  then  sent  down, 
according  to  the  Understanding  the  Indians  had  of  it : 

And   therefore    I   would   propose    that   as   many    of  the 

Original  Deeds  as  may  be  obtained  be  put  into  the  Hands  of 

the  Commiss"  that  shall  meet  the  Indians  this  Fall  &  by 

them  laid  before  them  &  then  brought  back  &  returned  to 

the  Owners 

W  Shirley 
Council  Chamber  Sept.  13,  1753. 

OF    THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  225 

Letter,  John  Wheelwright  to  the  Commrs  to  treat  wth  Eastern 


Boston  Septemr  18th  1753 
Honourable  Srs 

These  serves  to  Wish  you  a  pleasant  passage  &  a  happy- 
Interview  with  ye  Eastern  Indians  &  a  safe  returne  to  Boston 
againe,  and  least  you  in  yor  discourse  with  them,  be  Enqured 
of  ye  several  prises  of  Furrs  Allowed  them  in  away  of  Trade 
&  what  they  gave  for  our  goods  in  lieu  thereof ;  in  L*  Gov- 
ernr  Dummers  time  which  they  seem  to  make  their  Baises  in 
every  Treaty.  I  have  furnished  you  therewith,  as  Also ; 
what  they  have  allowed  for  yr  ffu^rs  now,  &  what  they  give 
now  for  our  goods,  you'l  find  upon  ye  whole  near  30  j>  Cent 
Cheaper  to  ye  Indians  than  it  was  in  L*  Govern1  Dummers 
time ;  to  avoid  any  Trouble  to  yor  honours  I  have  given  Cap* 
Saunders  a  list  of  every  Article,  and  hope  it  will  be  sufficient 
&  agreeable  to  yor  honours  from 

Yor  honrs  most  hum  serv*  at  Command 

Jn°  Wheelwright 

Letter  to  Jereh  Moulton 

Boston  October  23,  1753 
Jeremiah  Moulton  Esqr 

Sr  I  am  directed  by  the  Governor  and  Council  to  forward 
you  the  Inclosed  wan*  which  is  Issued  against  one  William 
Lowd  of  Muscongus  Island  on  the  Comp*  of  one  Elizabeth 
Burns  of  Muscongus  which  they  expect  you  to  direct  to  such 
of  your  Officers  as  will  Effectually  execute  the  same  for 
which  he  is  to  take  Necessary  Assistance. 

It  is  proposed  that  this  Man  should  be  Carryed  before 
Justice  Denny  as  being  the  Nearest    Magistrate  &  as  it  is 



Necessary  for  the  Woman  ( who  is  a  near  Neighbor  to  the 
said  Lowd)  to  be  present  its  expected  that  the  Officer  Notify 
her  when  he  Executes  the  Warr*  that  Cap*  North  Agreeable 
to  his  Orders  may  Transport  her  to  Arrowsick. 

Letter,  to  Capt.  John  North 

Boston  Octr  23,  1753 
Cap*  John  North 

Sr  I  am  directed  by  the  Govr  &  Council  to  acquaint  you 
that  there's  a  Warr*  Issued  ag8t  one  Wm  Lowd  on  the  Comp* 
of  one  Eliza  Burns  &  that  on  his  being  Apprehended  you  are 
directed  to  Transport  the  said  Eliza  Burns  &  her  two  Sons 
in  your  Boat  to  Arrowsick. 

This  is  to  Notify  the  Freeholders  and  Other  Inhabitants  of 
the  first  Parish  in  the  Town  of  Falmouth,  Qualify 'd  for  vot- 
ing according  to  Law,  to  meet  at  the  Town  House  in  sd 
Parish,  on  Wenesday  the  21st  Day  of  November  Ins*  at  2 
oClock  in  the  Afternoon  to  act  on  the  Article  folio  wing -viz* 
To  see  whether  the  Parish  will  on  the  Second  Thursday  of 
the  next  Sitting  of  the  Gen1  Court  make  Answer  to  the 
Petition  of  the  Inhabitants  of  New  Casco  exhibited  the  10th 
of  September  last 

"  praying   to  be    sett   off   a    distinct   Parish "   and   what 
Method  said  Parish  will  proceed  in  to  shew  Cause  ( if  any 
they  have  )  why  the  Prayer  thereof  should  not  be  granted 
Falmouth  17th  Nov1  1753 

By  Order  of  the  Comittee 

Step"  Longfellow  Parish  Clerk 

Falmouth  21  Novr  1753  —  Pursuant  to  Order  I  have 
Notify'd  the  Freeholders  and  other  Inhabitants  of  the  first 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  227 

Parish  in  the  Town  of  Falmouth  Qualify'd  for  voting 
according  to  Law  to  meet  at  Time  and  Place,  and  to  act  on 
the  Article  within  mentioned  — 

Stepn  Longfellow  Parish  Clerk 

At  a  Legal  Meeting  of  the  Inhabitants  of  the  first  Parish 
in  the  Town  of  Falmouth,  held  at  the  Town  Hall  in  said 
Parish  Novr  21.  1753  - 

Mr  Joseph  Tompson  was  chosen  Moderator  Voted  —  The 
Honble  Jabez  Fox  Jedidiah  Preble  Esqr,  Messrs  John  Waite 
Joseph  Tompson,  William  Bucknam  &  Danforth  Phipps  be 
a  Committee,  to  see  whether  they  can  fix  upon  the  dividing 
Line,  between  the  Parishes,  so  as  to  accomodate  both  Parties, 
and  make  Report  at  the  Adjournment  of  this  Meet- 
ing ~  Voted  —  The  Above  Comittee  imploy  a  Surveyour  & 
Chainmen  in  the  abovesd  Business  ~ 

Voted  —  This  Meeting  be  adjourned  to  the  28th  of  this 
Month  to  this  Place,  at  2  oClock  in  the  Afternoon  — 
Falmouth  28th  Novr  1753  —  The  Parish  being  met  according 
to  Adjournment  —  the  Comittees  Report  was  read,    which 
was  as  follows  — 

Falmouth  Novr  23d  1753 

The  Comittee  to  whom  was  referred  the  Consideration  of 
the  Petition  of  the  Inhabitants  of  New  Casco,  report  that 
they  are  of  Opinion  that  all  the  Inhabitants  on  the  Easterly 
Side  of  Presumpscot,  be  sett  off  as  a  separate  Parish,  begin- 
ning at  Northyarmouth  Line  near  the  Sea,  and  from  thence 
running  by  the  Bay  to  Presumpscot  River,  &  thence  up  sd 
River  as  far  as  the  Westerly  Side  of  Mr  James  Winslows 
Sixty  Acre  Lot  of  Land  on  which  his  now  dwelling  House 
stands,  and  from  thence  to  run  a  North  West  Line  to  the 
Head  of  the  Township,  including  Mackworths  Island,  Clap- 
board Island,  and  little  Jabeeg ;  and  as  many  of  the  Inhabit- 
ants of  the  first  Parish  in  Falmouth  as  shall  see  Cause,  that 
live  on  the  Westerly  Side  of  sd  Presumpscot  River  conven- 





ient  to  sd  Parish,  have  Liberty  to  Join  with  them  with  their 
Estates  on  which  they  dwell,  within  twelve  Months  from  the 
Abovesd  Date  — 

Jaz  Fox  1 

Jedidiah  Preble 

Jn°  Waite 

Joseph  Tompson 

William  Bucknam 

Danforth  Phipps 

Voted  —  unanimously  that  the  Above  Report  be  accepted. 

Voted  —  That  the  Parish  Clerk  transmit  a  Copy  of  the 

proceedings  of  this  Meeting  to  the  Gen1  Court,  the  Second 

Thursday  of  the  next  Sitting  thereof  for  their  Confirmation. 

Recorded  p.  Stepn  Longfellow  Parish  Clerk 

A  true  Copy  from  Falmouth  l8t  Parish  Records  Lib0  1° 
Fol°  52.  53  - 

Attr  Stepn  Longfellow  Parish  Clerk 

Letter,  Ninth1  Wheelwright  to  Gov.  Shirley  Nov.  30,  1753. 


I  had  the  Honour  the  11th  of  November  past,  to  acquaint 
your  Excellency  of  my  arrival  at  Albany,  which  place  I  left 
as  soon  as  possible,  and  made  all  the  dispatch  I  could  on  my 
Journey,  and  voyage  to  Canada. 

Permit  me  to  advise  your  Excellency  by  this  opportunity, 
that  I  arrived  with  Mr  Lydius,  and  my  servant,  Yesterday 
noon,  at  Montreal ;  we  were  imediately  conducted  by  the  offi- 
cer who  was  sent  with  us  from  Fort  Sl  Frederick,  and  intro- 
duced by  him,  to  the  General,  Monsieur  Le  Marquis 
Duquesne,  who  asked  me  my  business,  I  acquainted  him 
that  I  was  sent  by  Your  Excellency  to  have  the  Honour  to 
deliver  him  a  Letter,  which  he  received,  and  imediately  retired 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  229 

into  his  cabinet,  he  soon  return'd  saying  the  Letter  was  in 
English  and  that  he  would  send  for  some  person  to  translate 
it.  Then  very  genteely  told  me  as  I  was  not  a  Stranger,  I 
might  go  and  repose  myself,  and  procure  Lodgings  where  I 
pleased,  after  dinner  he  sent  an  officer  Monsr  Sl  Luc  la  corne, 
who  is  my  particular  friend,  and  much  in  favour  with  the 
General,  this  Gentleman  surprized  me  with  a  message  from 
his  Excellency,  that  he  had  been  informed,  that  the  last  time 
I  came  into  the  country,  I  had  with  me  an  Engineer,  who 
passed  for  my  Domestick,  and  that  I  had,  with  his  assistance, 
taken  a  plan  of  this  City,  Quebec,  and  the  River,  I  assured 
the  Gentleman  it  was  false,  and  that  some  ill  minded  busy 
person,  must  have  raised  the  report,  to  prevent  my  having 
an  opportunity  to  execute  the  Commission  I  had  the  honour 
to  receive  from  your  Excellency,  and  desired  he  would  assure 
the  General  the  truth  of  this,  He  did,  and  was  kind  enough 
to  Acquaint  me  in  the  evening,  that  the  General  had  your 
Excellency's  Letter  translated,  and  would  see  me  in  the 
morning,  when  he  sent  for  me,  as  soon  as  I  paid  my  respects 
to  him,  he  desired  me  to  withdraw  with  him  into  his  cabinet, 
where  I  had  the  Honour  to  converse  with  him  more  than  an 
hour,  without  Interruption.  He  very  genteely  told  me  he 
was  charmd  to  have  an  opportunity  of  a  Correspondence  with 
your  Excellency,  and  that  he  would  answer  Your  Excellency's 
Letter  very  particularly ;  he  was  surprised  at  Your  Excel- 
lency's mentioning  his  not  answering  Mr  Phipps  his  Letter, 
which  he  assured  me  he  never  received. 

He  then  said,  he  had  been  inform'd  that  I  came  into  the 
Country  the  last  time  with  some  other  design,  than  for  pris- 
oners, but  he  was  now  perswaded  to  the  contrary,  and  did 
me  the  Honour  to  say  I  might  Stay  a  Convenient  time  to 
accomplish  my  affairs,  that  I  should  be  at  Liberty,  and  should 
want  no  assistance  he  could  give  me,  that  I  should  go  when 
it  was  agreable  to  me,  to  three  Rivers,  Sl  Francois  to  Bacon 


court,  with  an  Interpreter,  to  endeavour  to  get  those  Cap- 
tives. He  also  gave  orders  to  Monsr  Sl  Luc :  to  go  with  me 
to  Monsr  De  pain,  and  acquaint  him,  that  it  was  his  orders, 
that  I  should  have  free  Liberty  to  see,  &  Converse  with  the 
English  Boy,  Mitchell's  Son,  at  all  times,  and  as  often  as  I 
pleased.  I  saw  the  Boy  but  had  not  time  to  say  much  to 
him,  permit  me  to  assure  Your  Excellency  I  shall  omit  no 
opportunity,  to  endeavour  to  reconcile  him  to  return  to  his 
Parents  —  Mr  Nobles  child,  which  Monsr  Ange  Charly  has 
the  care  of,  &  which  he  assured  me  with  great  grief,  the  last 
time  I  was  in  the  Country  was  dead,  is  now  at  three  Rivers 
at  the  Convent  — 

I  hope  Your  Excellency  will  be  satisfied  with  my  conduct, 
and  permit  me  to  assure  you,  that  I  shall  be  very  circumspect 
in  my  behaviour,  and  shall  punctually  observe  your  Excel- 
lencys  Instructions ;  Should  your  Excellency  have  any  fur- 
ther commands  during  my  stay  in  Canada,  and  should  send 
your  Letters  to  Coll.  Lydius  at  albany,  he  may  have  an 
oppertunity  in  the  winter  of  conveying  your  Letters  to  this 
place  — 

The  Inclosed  Letter,  I  had  the  honour  to  receive  from  the 
General,  in  answer  to  that  I  had  the  Honour  to  receive  of 
your  Excellency  and  deliver'd  him  — 

Your  Excellency  will  I  hope  forgive  the  Liberty  I  take  to 
inclose  a  Letter  for  my  good  Father  — 

Your  Excellency  will  excuse  my  giving  You  a  particular 
account  of  the  Country,  they  have  had  a  plentiful  summer,  & 
a  very  fine  harvest  in  this  part  of  the  Country  — 

Permit  me  that  I  have  the  honour  to  be  with  utmost 
Respects  Your  Excellencys  most  Obedient  and  most  humble 

Montreal  Novr  30th  1753.  Nat  Wheelwright 

His  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esq' 

OF    THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  231 

Speech.  Dec.  <5,  1753. 

"  Gentlemen  of  the  Council  and  House  of  Representatives 

During  the  Recess  of  the  Court  I  have  comply'd  wth  the 
Requests  contain'd  in  the  several  Messages,  wch  You  sent  me 
in  your  last  Session. 

Pursuant  to  your  Vote  of  ye  7th  &  Message  of  ye  lltb  of 
Septr  desiring  me  ( if  I  could  not  attend  the  Buisness  myself  ) 
to  appoint  Commissioners  to  meet  the  Eastern  Indians,  &  to 
distribute  the  Annual  Presents  of  this  Government  to  them 
in  the  most  advantageous  Manner  ;  Also  that  I  would  give  it 
in  Charge  to  the  Commissioners,  to  remonstrate  to  the 
Indians  at  their  Interview  with  them,  the  Injustice  &  Base- 
ness of  their  Conduct  in  carrying  away  &  detaining  the 
Children  of  Benja  Mitchel  &  Lazarus  Noble,  contrary  to  the 
Treaties  of  Friendship  subsisting  between  us,  &  their 
repeated  Promises  to  restore  the  said  Children ;  &  to  insist 
on  their  performing  what  they  have  promiss'd ;  Also  that 
they  should  lay  before  the  Indians  the  just  Right  of  the 
English  to  all  the  Lands  along  the  River  Kennebeck  above 
ye  fort  at  Richmond,  &  to  use  their  best  Endeavours  to  make 
them  acquiesce  in  ye  Settlements  intended  to  be  made  there ;  & 
appointed  Commissioners,  who  proceeded  upon  that  Buisness 
to  S4  Georges  &  Richmond  forts,  wch  particular  Instructions 
relating  to  the  beforemention'd  Points  :  &  the  Result  of 
their  Interview  &  Conference  wth  those  Indians,  as  also  the 
Effect  of  the  Letter  wch  I  wrote  to  the  Indians  by  those 
Gentlemen,  to  apprize  them  of  the  base  Practices  of  their 
Jesuit  Priests  to  create  Jealousies  &  a  Misunderstanding 
between  them  &  this  Gov1,  will  appear  in  the  Copy  of  the 
Conference,  between  them  &  the  Commissioners  wch  together 
with  a  Copy  of  my  Letter  to  ye  Indians,  I  shall  order  the 
Secretary  to  lay  before  You. 

And  in  Compliance  wth  your  Request  in  that  part  of  the 
said  Message,  wherein  You  desire  me  to  write  to  the  Govern- 


our  of  Canada  upon  his  delivering  two  of  the  above 
mention'd  Children  of  Benja  Mitchel  &  Lazarus  Noble,  who 
were  found  in  the  Possession  of  some  French  Indians  at 
Montreal,  by  their  fathers,  whom  the  French  Governour 
refus'd  to  permit  to  treat  wth  their  Masters  for  their  Redemp- 
tion, but  oblig'd  to  depart  instantly  out  of  the  Country;  I 
have  wrote  to  the  said  Govarnour,  &  in  strong  terms 
remonstrating  ag*  this  Proceeding  as  a  Violation  of  the 
Amity  now  subsisting  between  ye  two  Crowns,  &  an  Infringe- 
ment of  the  natural  Rights  &  Liberties  of  Mankind,  &  have 
demanded  of  him  to  deliver  up  those  Children  &  whatever 
other  Captives,  appertaining  to  this  Gov*,  might  be  found  in 
Canada,  to  Mr  Nath1  Wheelwright,  whom  I  have  commis- 
sion'd  to  deliver  my  Letter  to  him  (  a  Copy  of  wch  shall  be 
lay'd  before  You)  &  to  demand  Restitution  of  the  said 
Children  " 

Message.  Dec.  13,  1753. 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Represves 

In  nxy  Speech  to  you  at  the  Opening  of  this  Session  I 
urged  your  making  Provision  for  the  Speedy  &  effectual 
Repairs  of  the  several  Forts  on  the  Frontier  of  this  Province, 
&  the  Finishing  of  them  with  suitable  Artillery  &  other 
Stores  of  War. 

Since  that  time  I  have  been  informed  that  the  Commissrs 
for  the  Interview  with  the  Eastern  Indians  the  last  year, 
appointed  by  the  Lieut.  Govornour  then  Commr  in  Chief, 
agreable  to  Instructions  receiv'd  from  him,  viewed  the  sev- 
eral Forts  in  the  Eastern  Parts  &  at  their  Return  made 
Reports  of  the  Condition  they  were  then  in ;  The  Substance 
of  which  is  contained  in  the  Schedule  I  now  send  you ;  By 
woh  you  will  find  the  decayed  &  ruinous  Condition  of  those 

OF    THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  233 

Forts :  And  it  being  more  than  a  Year  since  that  Survey 
was  made  &  no  considerable  Repairs  made  since,  We  must 
conclude  they  are  in  a  much  worse  Condition  now. 

Therefore,  And  in  Consideration  of  the  present  hazardous 
Conjuncture  of  Affairs  as  I  particularly  represented  to  you 
in  my  Speech  I  am  obliged  to  repeat  my  Desires  to  you  that 
no  time  may  be  lost  for  putting  those  Forts  into  a  good 
Posture  of  Defence.  And  in  particular  that  Care  be  taken 
that  the  small  arms  be  good  &  substantial.  And  I  would 
further  recommend  to  you  that  hereafter  Reports  may  be 
made  of  the  said  Forts  from  time  to  time,  on  the  first  Decay ; 
which  will  save  a  Charge  to  the  Province,  &  may  prevent 
their  falling  into  the  hands  of  the  Enemy  upon  their  being 
assaulted  in  their  weak  &  decayed  Condition. 

And  as  it  is  of  great  Importance  that  good  Interpreters  of 
the  Indian  Language  be  retained  in  the  Service  of  the 
Province,  And  as  I  have  been  informed  that  Walter  McFar- 
land,  now  Interpreter  at  Richmond  Fort,  is  very  capable  of 
that  Business  I  hope  you  will  give  sufficient  Encouragem* 
for  his  Continuance  therein. 
Council  Chamber  14  Decr  1753  W  Shirley 

In  the  House  of  Repv  Dec1  14  1753 

Read  &  Ordered  that  the  foregoing  Message  from  his 
Excelcy  be  Committed  to  the  Comtee  Appointed  upon  that 
part  of  his  Excelcy8  Speech  Respecting  Fortifications  &c  to 
Consider  &  report  thereon 
Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 
In  Council  December  14.  1753 
Read  and  Concurd 

Tho8  Clarke  Dpty  Secry 

Fort  S1  George,  wants  some  Repairs,  on  the  Eastern  Wall 
particularly,  &  if  the  same  was  shingled  or  clabboarded 


directly  On  the  inside  as  well  as  Outside  it  would  be  of 
great  Service. 

In  this  Garrison  there  are  10  Cannon  of  various  sizes 
from  8tr  To  12tr  Ball  but  very  poor—  2  Cohorn's,  ab*  40 
hand  Granadoes,  &  near  100  small  Arms,  but  very  poor. 
Fort  Frederick.  The  Walls  in  generall  are  good,  want  some 
small  matter  of  pointing  —  the  platforms  much  out  of 
Repair  —  Glass  very  defective  &c 

In  this  Garrison  are  17  Cannon,  viz1  9.91  2.41  1.31  15.11 
which  are  good,  27  Small  Arms  very  poor  40  hand  Gran- 
adoes Shott  &  Artillery  for  the  Cannon,  Enough. 
Richmond  Fort,  wants  much  repair,  especially  the  Barracks, 
No  Chimney  at  present  in  the  Guard  room,  the  Cells  of 
the  Mansion  House  are  rotten,  as  well  as  part  of  the  Walls 
of  the  Garrison,  being  laid  under  ground. 

If  the   Walls  of  this  Garrison  also,  were    shingled   or 
clabboarded  'twould  be  of  great  Service. 

In  this  Garrison  are  5  Cannon,  Viz1  1.121  1.41  3.11  but 
very  poor 

No  Artillery  i.  e.  Spunges,  Ladles,  Rammers  &c  About  30 
small  Arms,  but  very  poor 


The  Comtee  on  his  Excellency's  Message  of  14th  Instant, 
beg  Leave  to  report  in  part  —  Viz* 

That  his  Excellency  the  Governour  be  desired  to  give 
Orders,  that  Walter  McFarland  the  present  Indian  Inter- 
preter at  Richmond,  repair  directly  to  Boston,  in  order  to 
perfect  himself  in  Reading,  writing  &  Cyphering,  the  Cost  of 
which,  together  with  his  Boarding  for  3  or  4  Months,  to  be 
at  the  Charge  of  the  Province  And  that  Robert  Dewee  who 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  235 

hath  some  knowledge  of  the  Indian  tongue  be  sent  to  Rich- 
mond &  be  employed  as  Interpreter,  during  the  Absence  of 
the  said  Walter. 

Jacob  Wendell  by  order 

In  Council  Decemr  20,  1753  ;  Read  &  Sent  down 

In  the  House  of  Representatives  Dec1  20  1753. 

Read  &  Accepted     Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

T  Hubbard  Spkr 
In  Council  Decern1  21. 1753     Read  &  Concur'd 

Tho8  Clarke  Dp^  Secry 
Consented  to  W  Shirley 

Letter,  Josiah  Willard  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow 

Boston  Decr  21,  1753 

This  is  to  acquaint  you  that  at  the  Desire  of  the  two 
Houses  the  Governor  orders  that  you  send  your  Interpreter 
Walter  McFarland  to  Boston  as  soon  as  may  be  in  Order  to 
perfect  him  self  in  Reading  Writing  &  Cyphering,  the  Cost 
of  which  as  also  of  his  Board  for  three  or  four  Months  will 
be  born  by  the  Governm1  And  His  Excellency  also  orders 
that  Robert  Dewee  ( a  Negro  Man  who  hath  some  Knowledge 
of  the  Indian  Tongue)  be  employed  as  Interpreter  at  your 
Garrison  during  the  said  Walter  McFarlands  Absence. 
I  am  Sir  Your  humble  Serv1 

J  Willard 
Capt  Wm  Lithgow 

A  Paragraph  of  a  Letter  To  Dr  Gardiner  dated  in  Frank- 
fort in  Kennebeck  river  Decern1  26,  1753 

"  There  has  a  very  Bad  affair  happen'd  here  ( as  I'm 
"  inform'd  ) 


"  There  are  Two  Indians  killed  on  Montinicus  Island  by 
"  the  man  that  was  Order'd  of  from  it  a  few  Days  Ago. 

"  One  Wright  came  up  &  informed  Capt  Lithcow  of  it  & 
"  Said  he  knew  the  Two  men  that  saw  it  Done  -  &  help'd  to 
"  bury  them  there,  &  their  Guns,  but  he  wou'dn't  tell  their 
"  names  -  The  Indians  are  ignorant  of  it  at  present  But  when 
they  know  it,  they  will  revenge  themselves,  I  am  afraid,  & 
we  may  Look  out,  for  we  are  but  Weak  )  If  this  be  true,  I 
think,  Such  Villains  ought  to  dye  without  pity. 

It  is  said  the  man  that  Did  it  is  now  at  Small  point. 

Letter,  Secry  Willard  to  Col.  Preble 

Boston  Jan*  3,  1754. 

His  Excellency  orders  me  to  send  you  the  inclosed  Com- 
mission, &  to  desire  you  to  proceed  to  Fort  Hallifax  without 
Delay  unless  your  Want  of  Health  or  other  Circumstances 
should  prevent  your  Going  thither,  And  that  you  would,  in 
such  Case,  forward  the  Commission  to  Cpt.  Lithgow  by  the 
first  Opportunity  you  have  without  considerable  Charge  to 
the  Province,  For  His  Excellency  will  send  an  Exemplifica- 
tion of  said  Commission  by  Cpt.  Saunders  who  is  now  ready 
to  sail. 

[  Indorsed  ] 

The  Secrys  Letter  to  Coll.  Preble 

Jan.  3,  1754. 

Message  of  Both  Houses  to  His  Excellency  Jan.  4,  175/f.. 

May  it  please  your  Excellency, 

It  is  with  great  Gratitude,  that  We  acknowledge  the  many 
Instances  of  his  Majestys  paternal  Care,  for  the  security  of 

OF   THE   STATE    OF   MAINE  237 

his  good  Subjects  of  this  Province,  more  especially  that 
of  late,  signified  to  your  Excellency  by  a  Letter  from  the 
Earl  of  Holdernesse,  one  of  his  principal  Secretarys  of  State 
( a  Copy  of  which  your  Excellency  hath  been  pleas'd  to  lay 
before  us )  that  you  should  be  upon  your  Guard,  and  put  the 
Province  under  your  Government,  into  a  Condition  at  all 
Events  to  resist  any  hostile  attempts  which  may  be  made 
upon  it. 

In  Pursuance  of  this  Letter,  Your  Excellency  having 
recommended  to  us  the  repairing  and  strengthning  the  sev- 
eral Forts  and  Garrisons  of  this  Province  and  putting  the 
whole  into  a  proper  State  of  Defence,  we  have  accordingly 
made  provision  for  doing  it, 

But  upon  this  Occasion  we  beg  Leave  to  represent  to  your 
Excellency  that  his  Majestys  Subjects  of  this  Province,  have 
at  all  times  exerted  themselves,  even  beyond  their  Ability's 
not  only  for  the  Defence  and  Security  of  his  Subjects  and 
Territorys,  but  even  in  making  valuable  acquisitions  to  his 
Majestys  Crown,  the  several  Instances  of  which  during  the 
late  War,  we  need  not  repeat  to  your  Excellency,  they  hav- 
ing been  done  upon  your  Recommendation  and  under  your 

The  Consequence  of  this,  we  flattered  ourselves,  would 
have  been  an  effectual  Security  against  future  Danger  from 
any  Incroachments  or  Invasions  of  our  French  Neighbours, 
But,  it  is  with  great  Concern,  that  we  find  the  French  have 
made  such  extraordinary  Encroachments,  and  have  taken 
such  measures,  since  the  conclusion  of  the  late  War,  as 
threaten  great  Danger,  and  perhaps  in  Time,  even  the  entire 
Destruction  of  these  Provinces  (  without  the  interposition  of 
his  Majesty )  notwithstanding  any  provision  we  can  make  to 
prevent  it. 

This  Colony  by  the  great  Number  of  Men,  it  supplied 
and     lost    in    the    Reduction     and     securing    the     Island 


and  Forts  of  Cape  Breton  ;  the  Troops  sent  from  hence  by 
your  Excellency,  from  Time  to  Time  for  -  Relief  &  Protec- 
tion of  Annapolis  —  Royal,  without  which  the  whole 
Province  of  Accadie  or  Nova  Scotia,  must  have  fallen  into 
the  hands  of  the  French  ;  the  Expence  occasioned  to  it  by 
the  late  intended  Expedition  against  Canada,  as  also  for  an 
attempt  against  Crown-point,  which  was  rendered  fruitless  by 
other  Governor's  not  Joyning  with  us ;  And  by  our  great 
Expence,  both  of  Men  and  Money,  during  the  Course  of  the 
late  War,  in  providing  for  the  Security  and  Protection  of  our 
large  extended  Frontier,  and  otherwise,  is  so  much  reduced, 
as  to  be  less  able  to  defend  itself,  against  any  Attacks,  that 
may  be  made  upon  it,  in  case  of  a  Rupture  between  the  Two 
Crowns ;  Whereas  on  the  other  hand,  the  French  are  in  a 
much  Better  Situation  to  annoy  it,  than  they  were  at  the 
Commencement  of  the  late  War,  For  They  have  since  the 
Conclusion  of  the  Peace,  erected  a  Fort  on  the  Isthmus  of 
the  Peninsula  near  Bay-Verte,  by  means  of  which  they  main- 
tain a  communication  by  Sea  with  Canada,  S*  John's  Island, 
and  Louisbourg,  and  at  about  thirteen  Miles  distance  from 
that  Fort,  they  have  built  a  Block-house,  &  at  three  miles 
from  that,  another  large  strong  Fort,  situated  within  half  a 
Mile  of  the  Bason  of  Chegnecto,  in  the  Bay  of  Fundy,  and 
thereby  have  secured  a  Communication  between  that  Fort 
and  the  River  Sl  Johns  on  the  West  side  of  the  said  Bay. 

Near  the  Mouth  of  Sl  John's  River  they  have  possess'd 
themselves  of  two  Forts  formerly  built  by  them,  whilst  they 
had  a  right  to  hold  Accadie,  the  nearest  of  which  to  the  Sea, 
they  have  likewise  (  since  the  Conclusion  of  the  peace  repair'd, 
fortify'd  with  Cannon  and  Garrisoned  with  regular  Troops, 
and  have  erected  another  strong  large  Fort  at  Twenty  Leagues 
Distance  up  the  River  —  have  (  according  to  the  best  Intelli- 
gence) made  very  considerable  Settlements  upon  it,  and  by 
these  means  they  have  secured  the  Indians  inhabiting  that 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  239 

River,  computed  at  between  four  and  five  hundred  Famitys, 
in  their  Interest,  and  carry  on  an  exclusive  Furr  Trade  with 
the  French  at  Louisbourg,  thro'  the  Bay  of  Fundy,  where  it 
is  well  known,  French  Ships  of  War,  have  constantly  enter'd 
since  the  Conclusion  of  the  Peace  and  loaded  with  Furrs  to 
a  great  Value,  at  the  Mouth  of  that  River,  which  Trade  the 
English  were  in  possession  of  until  the  late  War. 

Thus  by  their  Encroachments  since  the  Conclusion  of  the 
Peace,  the  French  have  possess'd  themselves  not  only  of  the 
Isthmus  of  the  Peninsula  of  Nova  Scotia,  with  Bay-Verte  in 
the  Gulf  of  Sl  Lawrence  on  the  one  side,  but  of  the  River  of 
Sl  John,  with  the  whole  West  side  of  the  Bay  of  Fundy  on 
the  other,  where  the  Crown  heretofore  used  to  maintain  a 
Fort  during  their  possession  of  Accadie  or  Nova  Scotia. 

How  fatal  the  consequence  of  these  Encroachments  may 
be,  if  the  French  should  continue  in  the  possession  of  them, 
till  a  rupture  happen  between  the  two  Crowns,  not  only  to 
the  Eastern  parts  of  his  Majestys  Territory's  within  this  Prov- 
ince, which  border  upon  Nova  Scotia,  and  in  particular  to  his 
Majestys  Woods,  from  whence  greatest  part  of  the  Maste 
Yards  and  Bowsprits,  with  which  his  Royal  Navy  are  sup- 
ply'd,  and  which  would  feel  the  immediate  Effects  of  these 
Encroachments ;  but  also  in  time,  to  the  whole  of  this  Prov- 
ince and  the  rest  of  his  Majestys  Territorys  upon  this  Conti- 
nent, your  Excellency  is  so  well  apprized,  that  we  need  not 
set  them  forth  here. 

Whilst  the  French  held  Accadie  under  the  Treaty  of  S' 
Germain,  they  so  cutt  off  the  Trade  of  this  Province  &  gall'd 
the  Inhabitants  with  Incursions  into  their  Territorys  from 
their  Forts  at  the  River  Pentagoet  &  S'  Johns,  that  Oliver 
Cromwell  the  then  Protector  found  it  necessary  for  the  safety 
of  New  England  in  1654  to  make  a  Descent  by  Sea,  into  the 
River  of  Sl  John  and  dispossess  of  that  &  all  their  other 
Forts  in  Accadie.     And  after  that  Province  was  restor'd  to 


the  French  in  consequence  of  the  Treaty  of  Breda  in  1667 
by  King  Charles  2d  this  Colony  felt  again  the  same  mischeiv- 
ous  Effects,  from  their  possessing  it,  insomuch,  that  after 
forming  several  Expeditions  against  it,  the  Inhabitants  were 
oblig'd  in  the  latter  End  of  the  War  in  Queen  Ann's  Reign, 
to  represent  to  her  Majesty,  how  destructive  the  possession 
of  the  Bay  of  Fundy  and  Nova  Scotia,  by  the  French,  was  to 
this  Province  and  to  the  British  Trade,  whereupon  the  British 
Ministry  thought  it  necessary  to  fit  out  a  formal  Expedition, 
against  that  Province  with  English  Troops  and  a  consider- 
able armament  of  our  own,  under  General  Nicholson  in  1710, 
when  it  was  again  reduced  to  the  Subjection  of  the  Crown  of 
Great  Britain,  but  by  the  late  Encroachments  of  the  French, 
especially  upon  Sl  John's  River  &  the  West  side  of  the  Bay 
of  Fundy,  which  borders  on  this  Province,  we  are  in  case  of 
a  rupture  liable  to  feel,  more  mischeivious  Effects  than  we 
have  ever  yet  done,  unless  his  Majesty  shall  be  graciously 
pleas'd  to  cause  them  to  be  removed.  Besides  these  late 
Encroachments,  whereby  we  may  be  more  immediately 
expos'd  on  the  Eastern  parts  of  the  Province,  there  is  another 
( tho  of  a  longer  standing  )  from  whence  we  have  been  greatly 
annoyed,  in  the  late  War,  in  the  Western  parts  of  it,  and 
from  whence  we  shall  always  be  exposed  to  the  greatest  Dan- 
ger on  that  side,  without  some  further  Check,  than  there  is 
at  present :  -  We  mean  the  Fort  at  Crown  point. 

This,  May  it  please  your  Excellency  is  the  Rendezvous  for 
all  their  Forces,  the  Grand  Magazine  for  their  Stores  of  all 
Sorts  and  the  place  to  retreat  to  on  every  occasion,  when 
they  think  proper  to  make  any  Incursions,  upon  our  Western 
Frontier,  or  any  other  of  his  Majestys  Provinces  to  the  West- 
ward ;  So  that  if  the  French  are  suffered  to  continue  in  the 
posession  of  that  Fort,  without  another  being  erected  to  curb 
it,  will  ( in  our  apprehension )  greatly  endanger  the  Loss,  of 
the  Indians  of  the  Six  Nations,  to  his  Majesty,  &  thereby  dis- 
tress all  the  Provinces. 

OF   THE    STATE   OF    MAINE  241 

Being  thus  expos'd  on  every  side  -  having  a  large  Frontier 
to  defend,  the  doing  of  whieh  hitherto,  has  been  a  great 
Expence  of  Blood  and  Treasure  to  us,  we  are  very  sensible 
of  the  Necessity  of  his  Majestys  Colonys  affording  each  other 
mutual  Assistance,  and  we  make  no  doubt  but  this  Province 
will  at  all  times  with  great  Chearfulness,  furnish  their  just 
and  reasonable  Quota  toward  it ; 

All  which  we  beg  your  Excellency  would  be  pleas'd  to 
represent  to  his  Majesty  in  such  manner  as  you  shall  think 
most  proper. 

Wm  Pepperrell  by  order  of  ye  Comittee 

In  Council  Jany  4,  1754     Read  &  sent  down 

In  the  House  of  Rep  Jany  4th  1754 

Read  Accepted  &  Ordered  that  Mr  Speaker  Mr  Wells  Col 
Worthington  Col0  White  &  Col  Partridge  with  Such  as  the 
Honourable  Board  shall  Join  be  a  Committee  to  wait  upon 
his  Excellency  the  governour  with  this  Message. 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence  T  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  Jan?  4  1754  Read  &  Concur'd  &  Benja  Lynde 
&  Samuel  Watts  &  John  Chandler  EsqrB  are  joined  in  the 

Thos  Clarke  Dpty  Secry. 

Letter,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  Phinehas  Stevens 

Boston  March  4,  1754. 
Sir,  you  have  herewith  inclosed  a  Copy  of  a  Vote  of  the 
General  Court  of  this  Province  for  Withdrawing  Pay  &  Sub- 
sistence from  the  Garrison  at  the  Fort  at  Number  4  under 
your  Command;  So  that  you  must  now  look  your  self  & 
Company  to  be  discharged  from  any  duty  there  by  Vertue  of 
any  Commission  you  have  from  me,  or  the  Commander  in 



Chief  of  this  Province  in  my  Absence,  And  of  this  you  must 
forthwith  acquaint  your  Company. 

Whatever  great  Artillery,  Small  Arms  &  other  Stores  of 
War  at  your  Fort  belong  to  this  Province  you  must  take 
them  into  your  safe  Custody  till  you  receive  Advices  from 
the  Commissary  General  of  this  Province,  &  then  deliver 
them  to  him. 

I  am  Your  assured  Friend  &  Servant 

W  Shirley 
Cpt.  Phineas  Stevens 

Letter,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  B.  Muggeridge 

Boston  March  6,  1754. 
Captn  Benjamin  Muggeridge 

As  I  apprehend  it  for  his  Majtys  Service  that  one  Person 
shall  have  the  chief  Command  of  the  Independent  Companies 
forthwith  to  be  raised  for  the  Protection  of  the  Eastern 
Frontiers,  I  have  appointed  Captn  George  Berry  for  that  Ser- 
vice, &  on  any  of  the  Forts  being  attack'd  our  Inhabitants 
killed  or  their  Houses  burnt  by  the  Enemy  in  that  Frontier, 
when  you  have  done  all  in  your  Power  to  cut  off  their 
Retreat  pursuant  to  my  former  Instructions,  if  you  find  them 
withdrawn  you  are  in  that  Case  forthwith  to  proceed  to  Rich- 
mond Fort,  &  to  follow  the  Orders  of  the  said  Captn  Berry 
in  marching  up  Kennebeck  River  for  making  Discoveries  so 
far  as  the  River  Chaudiere  (  of  any  french  Fort  or  Settlement 
attempting  to  be  made,  &  for  destroying  the  Indians  &  their 

I  am  Your  Friend  &  Serv1 

W.  Shirley 

The  above  Circular  Letter  was  also  sent  to  Capts  Dunning 
Hunter  Nichols  &  Wright 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  243 

Letter,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  G.  Berry  $  others 

Boston  March  7,  1754. 
You  are  hereby  directed  after  you  have  raised  the  Com- 
pany mentioned  in  my  Instructions  to  you  to  take  Care  that 
the  Men  are  all  of  them  forthwith  Provided  with  one  Pound 
of  Powder  six  Flints  &  two  Pounds  of  Ball,  as  also  with 
Swan  or  Bear  Shot,  the  three  former  of  Which  Articles  You 
are  to  demand  of  the  Select  Men  of  your  Town  who  are 
hereby  ordered  to  deliver  the  same  into  your  Custody,  to  be 
distributed  to  your  Company  upon  their  setting  out  on  their 
March,  and  if  the  Town  have  not  a  Stock  sufficient,  the  Men 
must  forthwith  purchase  the  needfull  Quantity  &  they  shall 
be  allowed  by  the  Governm1  for  what  they  shall  expend  of 
the  Same  in  this  Service ;  And  in  Case  you  shall  not  make 
any  March  in  the  said  Service,  you  must  return  the  Ammu- 
nition wch  you  shall  receive  out  of  the  Town  Stock  to  the 
Select  Men  at  the  End  of  the  said  Service, —  You  will  be  fur- 
nished with  Provisions  for  the  Service  at  Richmond  Fort,  as 
also  wth  what  further  Ammunition  you  may  want  for  your 
Compa  &  as  to  the  Provisions  which  you  shall  have  need  of 
in  your  March  thither,  the  Men  must  provide  for  themselves 
&  they  shall  be  allowed  for  it  by  the  Province 

I  am  Yr  Friend  &  SeiV  W  S 

To  Cap18  George  Berry  Benja  Muggeriddge  David  Dunning 
Adam  Hunter  John  Wright  and  Alexander  Nichols 

Wiscasset  Petition.     March  13,  1754. 

To  his  Excelancy  the  Governour  Council  &  House  of  Repre- 
sentatives of  the  Province  of  the  Masechusets  Bay  in 
Generall  Court  Assembled  at  Boston  29l  May  1754  — 
The  Humble  Petation  of  us  the  Subscribers  &c  a  Number 


of  Inhabitants  to  the  Number  of  about  fifty  Families  who 
have  been  for  near  twenty  Years  last  past  Bringing  Forward 
a  Setlement  at  a  Place  Called  Whiscasick  to  the  Eastward  of 
Georgetown  within  the  County  of  York  and  Whereas  we 
finde  by  Sad  Experance  that  we  in  the  Sircumstances  that  we 
are  in  and  for  want  of  our  being  Erected  into  a  Town  or 
District  and  being  Invested  with  the  Powers  &  Privaleges 
that  Other  of  his  Majesties  Good  Subjects  do  Injoy  Cannot 
Orderly  Prosede  to  the  Calling  Setting  &  Supporting  a  Gos- 
ple  Minister  Employing  &  Mentaining  a  School  Master  for 
teaching  our  Children  &  Many  other  Ill-conveniences  not 
Nesasery  to  be  Mentioned  to  Your  Excelancy  &  Honours 
You  well  Knowing  what  People  meet  with  here  where  Order 
&  Goverment  is  Wanting  This  therefore  waits  on  Your 
Excelancy  &  Honours  to  Pray  You  to  take  -  Premises  into 
Your  Wise  Consideration  &  If  it  may  be  Agreable  to  Your 
Pleasures  that  You  Would  be  Pleased  to  Erect  us  into  a 
Town  or  District  &  Invest  us  with  the  Powers  &  Priveleges 
as  Other  of  his  Majesties  Good  Subjects  do  Injoy  in  the  like 
case  May  it  Please  Your  Exelancy  &  Honours  whereas  we 
Setled  Under  a  Number  of  Proprietars  ( Whereof  Sr  William 
Pepperrill  Barenite  was  one )  Known  by  the  name  of  the 
Whiscasick  Proprietors  &  in  Order  to  Include  their  claime 
within  the  said  Town  or  District  which  we  Pray  may  be 
Called  by  the  name  of  White  haven  this  we  would  Humbly 
Propose  that  the  Bounds  thereof  be  Stated  &  Decribed  after 
the  following  manner  Vix  Begining  at  a  Place  known  by  the 
name  of  the  Upper  Part  of  Sheepscutt  Upper  Narrows  two 
Milds  and  a  half  Northeast  from  Whiscasick  Point  thence 
Runing  Northwest  five  Milds  then  runing  South  west  untill 
it  comes  to  the  eastren  bounds  of  Georgetown  then  Runing 
by  Georgetown  Eastren  line  untill  it  comes  to  Wadleys  or 
Moun  Swag  Bay  then  begining  at  Sheepscutt  Narrows  aforesd 
&  Runing  South  East  two  Milds  &  a  Half  thence  South  so 



far  as  that  a  North  West  line  will  strike  the  lower  end  of 
Jeremy  Squani  or  Long  Island  Including  all  the  Islands 
within  the  above  Bounds  So  may  it  Please  Your  Excelancy 
&  Honours  we  have  taken  leve  to  Propose  and  wait  Your 
Pleasure  &  as  in  Duty  Bound  Shall  Ever  Pray  &c 
dated  at  Whiscasick  March  ye  13th  1754 

Jonn  Williamson 
William  Alford 
David  Danford 
Robert  hooper 
Nat11  Lamson 
Robert  Mclean 
Tho8  Kenny 
Joshua  Tufts 

Joseph  Taylor 
John  Baker 
Isaac  Young 
James  Bruer 
Elisha  Renay  Juii" 
Hate  Evil  Coson 
Edward  Coson 
Ambros  Colby 

Richard  Holbrook    John  Cuningham 
John  Chapman  Sam11  Chapman 

Elisha  Kenney  Daniel  Tibits 

George  Gray 
John  Gray 
Obadiah  Allbee 
Obadiah  Allbee  Junr 
John  Wilks 
Dan1  Tibits 
Joshua  Silvester 
John  Alley 
Jonathan  Blackledge 
Joseph  Young 
32  in  all. 


Letter,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  Muggeridge  $•  others 

Boston  March  18,  1754 

It  is  highly  probable  that  I  shall  have  some  Important  ser- 
vice wherein  to  employ  the  Independent  Companies  on  your 
Frontiers  as  soon  as  the  Rivers  are  clear  of  Ice ;  And  Altho 
the  matter  is  not  yet  fixed  and  determined,  yet  I  think  it 
necessary  that  you  and  the  other  Officers  should  have  this 
General  Intimation,  and  accordingly  I  direct  you  to  intimate 
the  same  to  the  Men  in  your  List,  that  so  they  may  be  ready 
for  Service  (if  it  should  be  proceeded  in  at  the  Shortest 
Warning ;  Let  them  know  that  they  will  be  Well  paid  for 
the  Time  wherein  they  will  be  engaged ;  which  probably  will 
be  but  short  and  that;    And  that  necessary    Provisions    & 


Ammunition  will  be  laid  in  for  them :  In  the  mean  time  you 
will  take  Special  Care  to  hold  your  Company  in  readiness  to 
March  upon  the  Service  of  your  present  Commission  accord- 
ing to  the  Instructions  already  sent  you 

I  am  Yr  Friend  &  Serv1 

W  Shirley 
Capts  Muggeridge  David  Duning  Adam  Hunter 
John  Wright,  Alexander  Nichols 

The  Governor's  Speech.     March  28,  175J/.. 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Representatives 

I  having  received,  in  the  Recess  of  the  Court,  some  Dis- 
patches which  nearly  Concern  the  Welfare  of  the  Province, 
I  thought  it  Necessary  to  require  a  General  Attendance  of 
the  Members  of  Both  Houses  at  this  Meeting  of  the  Assem- 
bly, that  the  Matters  Contain'd  in  them  may  have  as  full  & 
Speedy  a  Consideration,  as  the  Importance  of  them  Seems  to 

By  Accounts  sent  from  Richmond  Fort,  &  Declarations 
made  before  me  &  his  Majesty's  Council  by  two  of  the  Set- 
tlers at  Frankfort  upon  the  River  Kennebec,  I  am  informed, 
that  in  the  Summer  before  last,  a  Considerable  Number  of 
French  settled  themselves  on  a  Noted  Carrying  Place,  made 
Use  of  by  the  several  Indian  Tribes  inhabiting  that  part  of 
the  Country,  in  their  Passage  to  &  from  Canada,  being  about 
10  or  12  Miles  Wide,  which  Separates  the  head  of  the  afore- 
said River  from  that  of  the  River  Chaudiere,  wch  last  falls 
into  the  Great  River  S*  Lawrence  at  four  miles  &  an  half 
Above  the  City  of  Quebeck :  And  [  from  a  Canada  Indian, 
who  quitted  that  City  about  3  years  ago,  an  Acco*  of  his  hav- 
ing incurr'd  the  Displeasure  of  the  late  Govr,  &  hath  since 
resided  in  the  Eastern  parts  of  this  Province  for  Protection.] 
I  have  received  further  Intelligence  that  the  French  are 
settled  very  thick  for  12  Miles  on  Each  side  of  said  River 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  247 

Chaudiere  at  About  thirty  miles  distance  Above  the  Mouth 
of  it,  and  in  the  Mid-way  between  the  River  Sl  Lawrence  & 
the  beforementioned  Carrying  Place;  and  the  Captain  of 
Richmond  Fort  in  his  Letter  dated  23d  of  last  Janry,  Informs 
me,  that  the  Norridgewalk  Indians  have  Declared  to  him 
"  that  they  had  given  the  new  french  Settlers  upon  the  Car- 
"  rying  Place,  Liberty  to  hunt  any  where  in  that  Country,  as 
"  a  Recompence  for  the  great  Service,  they  will  be  of  to  them, 
"  in  a  time  of  War  with  the  English,  by  supplying  them  with 
"  Provisions  &  Military  Stores." — 

The  same  Officer  further  Acquaints  me  in  another  Letter 
dated  Febry  11th,  that  several  Indians  of  the  Arressigunticook 
&  some  of  the  Penobscot  Tribe,  amounting  together  with  the 
Norridgwalk  Indians  to  Sixty  Effective  Men,  besides  Boys, 
Capable  of  Using  Arms,  were  then  lately  arrived  in  the 
Neighbourhood  of  the  French  under  his  Command ;  &  that 
thd  they  assembled  there  on  pretence  of  writing  a  joynt  Let- 
ter to  me,  as  they  have  done,  Yet  he  had  reason  to  expect 
from  their  Haughty  Insolent  Behaviour,  the  repeated  open 
Threats  of  some  of  them  &  private  Warning  from  Others, 
that  as  soon  as  the  Rivers  should  be  free  from  Ice,  they  would 
Commit  Hostilities  against  the  English  upon  that,  &  the 
Neighbouring  Rivers ;  in  which  they  intimate,  they  are  to  be 
Assisted  by  a  Number  of  French  from  Canada,  disguis'd  like 
Indians ;  And  in  another  Letter  dated  the  10th  of  March,  he 
acquaints  me  that  the  French  Priest,  Missionary  to  the 
Indians  of  the  River  Kennebec  appeared  to  him  to  be  contin- 
ually Using  Artifices  to  Excite  the  Indians  to  prevent  Our 
Settlements  from  being  Extended  higher  up  it ;  to  set  them 
at  variance  with  the  English ;  &  dispose  them  to  a  War  with 
them  this  Spring. — 

Most  of  these  Accounts  are  Confirm'd  by  the  Declarations 
of  the  before  mentioned  Settler  at  Frankfort,  with  these 
Additional  Circumstances,  that  the  french  Priest  hath  been 


very  inquisitive  after  Roman  Catholick  Families  in  that  Set- 
tlement, &  Used  Endeavours  to  draw  off  some  of  the  Inhab- 
itants into  the  Service  of  the  French,  particularly  for  Build- 
ing a  Chapel  &  a  Dwelling  House  for  himself  upon  that 
River,  About  three  or  four  Miles  above  Cushana,  &  at  the 
Distance  of  24  from  Frankfort  and  been  very  industrious  to 
Perswade  them  that  it  was  within  the  French  Territories : 
and  the  Indians  have  further  Declared,  that  they  have  been 
instigated  by  the  Governor  of  Canada  to  hinder  the  English 
from  settling  upon  any  part  of  the  River:  which  is  Strongly 
confirm'd  by  a  Deposition  of  Captn  Lithgow,  made  in  AugRt 

Upon  this  Occasion,  Gentlemen,  I  sent  as  soon  as  might 
be,  with  the  Advice  of  his  Majesty's  Council,  the  necessary 
Reinforcements  of  Men  &  Stores  to  all  the  Eastern  Forts  ; 
issu'd  Commissions  for  raising  six  Indian  Companies  in  the 
Townships  &  Districts  next  Adjacent  to  them  with  Orders 
for  Officers  &  Soldiers  to  hold  themselves  in  constant  readi- 
ness to  march,  upon  any  Alarm,  to  the  Succour  of  any  neigh- 
bouring Fort  or  Settlement,  which  may  be  Attack'd ;  to  cut 
off  the  Enemy  in  their  Retreat ;  &  in  Case,  they  shall  find 
that  the  Norridgwalk  Indians  have  committed  Hostilities,  to 
break  up  their  Villages  &  settlements  upon  Kennebec,  &  to 
kill  or  Captivate  all  they  can  meet  with  of  their  Tribe;  I 
likewise  Ordered  an  Officer,  commissioned  by  me  for  that 
Purpose,  to  Proceed  by  the  first  Opportunity,  to  the  Suppos'd 
Place  of  the  New  french  Settlement,  in  Order  to  discover  the 
Certainty  &  Circumstances  of  it,  &  to  require  the  French 
Commandant  to  retire  &  withdraw  the  People  under  his  Com- 
mand from  that  Spot  as  being  under  his  Majesty's  Dominion 
&  within  the  Limits  of  this  Government. — 

And  I  doubt  not,  Gentlemen,  from  your  Distinguished 
Zeal  for  the  Defence  of  his  Majesty's  Territories,  &  the  Pro- 
tection of  his  Subjects  within  this  Government  upon  all  Occa- 

OF   THE   STATE   OF    MAINE  249 

sions,  but  that  upon  a  Refusal  of  the  French  to  comply  with 
that  Requisition,  You  will  make  sufficient  Provision  for  ena- 
bling me  to  Compel  them,  with  the  Arm'd  Force  of  the  Prov- 
ince, to  free  it  from  their  Incroachments. 

The  Concern,  Gentlemen,  \vch  You  Express'd  in  your  Mes- 
sage to  me  at  Our  Meeting  in  December  last,  upon  your 
Apprehensions  of  the  iminent  Danger,  which  the  Province 
was  in,  from  the  French's  having  fortifyed  themselves  upon 
the  River  of  S*  John's  close  to  Our  Borders,  leave  me  no 
room  to  Doubt  of  your  being  sensible  of  the  fatal  Conse- 
quences in  General,  that  must  Attend  the  Incroachments, 
which  it  seems  plain,  they  are  now  pushing  into  the  Heart  of 
the  Province  (as  the  General  Court  in  a  Vote  pass'd  the  16th 
of  Janry  1749,  justly  calls  the  River  Kennebec)  unless  they 
are  timely  remov'd. — 

But  it  may  not  be  improper  for  me  to  Observe  to  You  in 
particular,  that  it  Appears  from  an  Extract  wch  I  have  lately 
caus'd  to  be  made  of  some  Original  Letters  taken  among 
Father  Ralle's  papers  at  breaking  up  the  Indian  Settlement 
at  Norridgwalk  in  1724,  &  which  Pass'd  between  him,  Father 
Lauverjat  Priest  of  the  Penobscot  Tribe,  &  Father  La  Chasse 
Superiour  of  the  Jesuits  at  Quebec,  during  the  Indian  War 
in  the  Years  1723  &  1724;  That  the  Head  of  Kennebeck 
River,  near  which  the  Indians  have  declared  the  French  have 
made  a  new  Settlement,  was  the  Centre  of  most  of  the  Tribes 
then  at  War  with  Us,  &  the  general  Rendezvous  of  all  that 
came  to  the  Eastern  Parts :  The  Hurons,  the  Iroquois  of  the 
falls  of  Sl  Lewis,  The  Tribe  of  S4  Francis,  (  or  Arressigunti- 
cooks )  and  the  Indians  of  the  Seigneurie  ( as  the  French  call 
them )  of  Becancour  on  the  one  Hand  us'd  to  Assemble  with 
the  Norridgewalks  here,  from  their  several  Settlem18;  and  the 
Penobscotts  from  their  River,  on  the  other:  here  they  held 
their  Consultations,  &  from  hence  issu'd  out  in  parties  united, 
or  Separate,  as  best  suited  them,  against  the  English ;    hither 


they  retired  after  Action,  &  brought  their  Wounded  for 
Relief ;  &  here,  if  they  met  with  Provisions,  they  far'd  well ; 
if  not,  they  Suffer' d  greatly  for  want  of  them. 

It  Appears  further  from  these  Letters,  that  the  several 
French  Missionaries  chiefly  conducted  and  managed  this 
War ;  that  they  had  the  Care  of  Supplying  the  Indians  with 
the  necessary  Provisions  &  Stores  for  Carrying  it  on ;  were 
Employed  to  make  them  persevere  in  it,  &  to  push  them  on 
to  their  boldest  Enterprizes ;  that  they  Transmitted  Acct8  of 
their  Proceedings  to  the  Governor  of  Canada  thro'  the  Hands 
of  the  Superiour  of  the  Jesuits  at  Quebec,  thrd  whom  like- 
wise they  received  their  Directions  from  thence ;  as  the  Govr 
of  Canada  seems  to  have  done  his,  upon  this  Occasion,  from 
the  Court  of  France. 

And  I  Would  further  Observe,  that  this  Route  affords  the 
French  a  shorter  Passage  for  making  Descents  from  Quebeck, 
upon  this  Province,  &  destroying  the  whole  Province  of 
Main,  with  the  King's  Woods  there,  And  in  the  Government 
of  New  Hampshire,  than  any  other  whatever  from  Canada. 

These  Advantages,  winch  the  Possession  of  this  River 
would  give  the  French  over  this  Province,  make  it  easy  to 
Account  for  their  Constant  Endeavours  ever  since  the  Treaty 
of  Breda,  at  which  it  was  determin'd,  in  the  most  Solemn 
manner  between  the  two  Crowns,  that  the  River  Pentagoet 
or  Penobscot  was  the  Boundary  between  New  England  & 
Accadia  or  Nova  Scotia,  to  Extend  their  Limits  by  Claim 
upon  all  Occasions,  ( as  in  fact  they  have  done  )  to  the  East- 
ern side  of  the  River  Kennebec ;  thd  they  never  Attempted, 
untill  within  these  few  Years,  to  pass  Over  the  River  Sl  Law- 
rence within  the  extent  of  this  Province. 

I  am  Satisfyed,  it  is  needless  for  me  Gentlemen,  to  Urge 
any  thing  more,  to  Shew  how  necessary  for  the  Safety  of 
this  Governm1  it  is,  that  we  should  Secure  to  Ourselves  the 
Possession  of  this  important  River,  against  the  Incroachments 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  251 

of  the  French,  without  Delay :  and  I  think  the  present  Situ- 
ation of  Affairs  in  that  Country  must  Convince  You,  how 
vain  a  Scheme  it  would  now  be,  to  have  your  sole  Depend- 
ance,  for  gaining  this  point,  upon  making  Annual  Presents 
to  Indians  who  appear  to  have  Enter'd  into  an  Offensive 
Alliance  wtb  the  French  against  You ;  &  have  Shewn  evident 
Marks  of  a  Disposition  to  put  the  River  into  their  Power. 

How  different  are  such  proceedings  from  those  of  the 
French?  Whilst  we  have  been  suing  in  Vain  to  a  few 
Indians  for  their  Permission  to  settle  Lands  within  the 
undoubted  Limits  of  this  Province,  &  wch  themselves  can't 
deny  to  have  been  purchased  of  their  Ancestors ;  and  have 
in  Effect  promis'd  them  a  Yearly  Tribute  to  restrain  them 
from  Committing  Acts  of  Hostility  against  Us ;  The  French 
have  marched  Armies  into  Distant  Countrys  of  Numerous  & 
powerfull  Tribes,  which  without  any  Colour  of  Right  they 
have  invaded  ;  They  have  forbid  them  to  make  further  Grants 
of  any  of  their  Lands  to  the  English  and  are  still  building 
Strong  Forts  with  an  Avow'd  Intent  to  drive  them  off  from 
ye  Lands  already  granted  to  them,  &  to  Exclude  them  from 
all  Commerce  with  those  Indians,  whom  they  have  threatned 
with  Destruction,  if  they  shall  presume  to  interfere  in  their 

It  is  time  Gentlemen,  for  You  to  Desist  from  having  your 
""  Chief  Dependance  upon  temporary  Expedients,  which  seem 
rather  to  have  expos'd  the  Government  to  the  Contempt  of 
these  Indians,  than  to  have  conciliated  their  Friendship  to  it ; 
and  to  take  Counsel  in  part  from  the  Policy  of  Our  Neigh- 

Vigorous  Measures  against  the  French,  in  Case  they  shall 
refuse  to  quit  his  Majesty's  Territories  within  this  Governm* ; 
without  being  compell'd  to  it  by  Force ;  building  a  Strong 
Fort  Near  the  head  of  the  River  Kennebeck,  above  the  Set- 
tlements of  the  Norridgewalk  Indians ;    &  pushing  on  Our 


own  Settlements  upon  it,  in  a  defensible  Manner,  would 
effectually  Rid  the  Province  of  the  Incroachments  of  the 
former,  &  either  hold  the  latter  in  a  due  Dependance  upon 
Us,  Or  Oblige  them  to  Abandon  the  River. 

And  further,  by  making  Ourselves,  through  this  Means, 
Masters  of  the  Pass,  which  was  the  General  Place  of  Rendez- 
vous, during  the  Indian  War  in  1723  &  1724,  of  all  the 
Tribes  engaged  in  it,  both  in  their  Incursions,  &  Retreats 
We  should  have  it  in  Our  Powor  to  Curb  all  those  Indians 
for  the  future,  and  in  a  great  measure  prevent  them  from 
attempting  to  make  Depredations  in  Our  Exposed  Settlements. 

I  must  further  Observe  to  You  upon  this  Occasion,  Gentle- 
men, how  Dangerous  Delays  to  make  Suitable  preparations 
for  removing  the  French  would  be. 

How  Practicable  was  it  at  first  to  have  put  a  Stop  to  their 
Proceedings  in  Building  their  Fort  at  Crown  point?  And 
You  can't  but  remember  what  Mischievous  Effects  of  the 
Neglect  to  do  that,  in  the  beginning,  were  felt  by  this,  &  the 
Province  of  New  York,  in  the  Ravages  which  they  suffer'd 
from  thence  during  the  late  War. — 

The  first  Incroachment  made  by  the  French,  since  the  Con- 
clusion of  the  Treaty  of  Aix  la  Chappelle ;  upon  the  River 
S*  John's,  consisted  of  a  small  Party  under  a  Lieutenant's 
Command:  But  by  remaining  there  a  short  time,  they  are 
now  Increas'd  to  a  formidable  Number,  have  fortifyed  them- 
selves upon  that  River  with  a  Garrison  near  the  Mouth  of  it ; 
And  insolently  Exclude  the  English  from  Trading  upon  it, 
within  the  Undoubted  Limits  of  his  Majesty's  Territories. 

A  Short  Delay  to  dislodge  them  from  their  Incroachments 
near  the  River  Kennebeck  might  give  them  an  Opportunity 
of  making  themselves  Masters  of  that  River  likewise,  in  the 
End ;  And  in  that  Case  we  may  Expect  soon  to  see  another 
Fort  Built  by  them  near  the  Mouth  of  it  and  the  French  in 
Possession  of  all  the  Sea  Coast  between  that  and  the  River 
Sl  John's.— 


Gentlemen  — 

I  have  Other  Matters  of  Importance  to  lay  before  You ; 
But  as  those  I  have  already  mentioned,  require  a  most  Speedy 
and  Mature  Consideration,  &  I  would  not  in  the  least  divert 
your  Attention,  from  providing  for  what  is  immediately  nec- 
essary to  be  done  for  the  Safety  of  the  Province;  I  shall 
defer  communicating  them  to  You  for  a  few  Days  :  But  must 
not  Omit  to  put  You  in  mind  now,  that  in  the  Year  1744, 
500  small  Arms  wch  had  been  then  lately  purchased  in  Eng- 
land for  the  Defence  of  Castle  William,  were  taken  out  of  it 
for  the  Service  of  the  Expedition  against  Cape  Briton,  & 
have  never  since  been  replaced ;  which  the  Condition  of  the 
Stores  of  that  important  Castle,  requires  to  be  done  as  soon 
as  possible;  And  as  I  much  doubt  whether  the  Governm* 
hath  a  sufficient  Quantity  of  good  Effective  Musquets  to  fit 
out  300  Men  upon  any  Emergency,  And  I  fear  many  of  the 
private  Arms  in  the  Province  are  old  &  scarcely  fit  for  Ser- 
vice against'an  Enemy;  I  think  that  500  more  small  arms  at 
least  should  be  provided  without  Delay. 

To  Apprize  You  that,  tho'  I  have  sent  Orders  to  Cap1  Lith- 
gow  for  putting  Fort  Richmond  into  as  good  a  posture  of 
Defence  as  the  ruinous  State  of  it  would  Admit,  wch  the 
imminent  Danger  it  may  be  in  from  a  Sudden  Attack  made 
necessary  for  me  to  do,  yet  I  can't  but  think  that  all  Money 
expended  upon  the  Repairs  of  it  Above  what  the  present 
Emergency  makes  absolutely  necessary  will  be  an  useless 
Expence  to  the  Province,  it  being  so  far  Decayed,  as  not  to 
be  Capable  of  being  made  Strong  by  any  Repairs  whatsoever : 

Cap1  Lithgow's  Letter  of  the  26th  of  Febry  to  the  Commis- 
sary General/  wch  with  all  Other  necessary  papers  shall  be 
lay'd  before  You  by  the  Secretary/  will  give  You  a  Particu- 
lar Ace1  of  it's  Rotten,  decay 'd  State,  &  of  the  Inconveniance 
of  it's  present  Situation 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Representatives. — 


I  hope  you  will  proceed  in  the  Consideration  of  these  Mat- 
ters with  that  Unanimity  &  Dispatch  wch  his  Majesty's  Ser- 
vice &  the  Safety  of  the  Province  requires ;  And  that  You, 
Gentlemen,  of  the  House  of  Representatives  will  make  the 
necessary  Supplies. 

W  Shirley 

Council  Chamber,  March  28th  1754 

Petition  of  Ezekiel  Cushing  £   Wife. 

Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To  the  Honble  William  Shirley  Esq1  Governour  &  Com- 
mander in  Chief  in  and  over  said  Province.  To  the 
Honble  His  Majestys  Council  &  House  of  Representa- 
Humbly  sheweth,  Ezekiel  Cushing  of  Falmouth  Esq1  & 
Mary  his  Wife  that  Dominicus  Jordan  late  of  Falmouth  decd 
died  seized  &  possessed  of  a  Considerable  Real  &  Personal 
[  Estate  ]  &  left  three  Sons  &  two  Daughters  besides  your 
Petr  Mary,  that  sometime  before  his  Death  it  is  supposed 
that  he  executed  an  Instrument  in  form  of  his  last  Will  & 
Testament  &  the  fifth  Article  thereof  purports  a  Devise  of 
Three  Hundred  Acres  of  Land  of  little  Value,  to  your 
Petitioner  Mary  entail,  that  some  time  after  an  Instrument 
purporting  to  be  a  Codicil  to  the  said  Last  Will  as  it  is 
therein  called  was  made,  in  which  Codicil  as  it  is  called 
there  is  a  Ratification  of  the  greatest  part  of  the  afore- 
said Will,  but  an  Express  Exception  (out  of  the  Rati- 
fication )  of  the  Devise  to  your  Petr  Mary,  and  it  goes  on 
&  devises  away  one  half  thereof  &  is  silent  as  to  the  Remain- 
der so  that  your  Petrs  were  left  out  &  omitted  in  the  sup- 
posed Will  &  Codicil  taken  together  &  their  said  Father  as 
to  them  what  ever  he  might  be  to  others  Intestate,  And  this 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  255 

was  with  your  Petr8  Mutter  of  just  Objection  against  the 
proving  of  the  aforesaid  Nominal  Will  &  Codicil,  and  was  of 
no  great  Force  that  to  prevent  any  Dispute  your  Petrs  &  the 
other  Heirs  entered  into  the  Agreement  a  Copy  whereof  is 
herewith  exhibited.  In  which  it  appears  to  be  the  Intent 
of  the  Parties  that  all  Pretensions  under  the  Will  &  Codicil 
should  be  given  up  &  the  Estate  shared  pursuant  to  the 
Agreement  therein  contained,  &  the  Will  Codicil  if  possible 
to  be  withdrawn  from  the  Probate  Office  &  destroyed,  &  this 
was  further  Ratified  by  the  Letter  signed  by  the  Heirs  & 
directed  to  the  Judge  of  Probate,  a  Copy  whereof  is  likewise 
herewith  exhibited,  And  there  was  further  a  Parole  Agree- 
ment between  all  the  Heirs  that  in  Case  it  should  be  necess- 
ary that  they  should  all  join  in  petitioning  this  great  & 
General  Court  to  direct  &  enable  the  Judge  of  Probate  to 
suffer  the  Heirs  to  withdraw  &  cancell  said  Instrument. 

Yet  so  it  is  that  the  Judge  of  Probate  apprehending  & 
justly  too  that  he  had  no  Power  to  suffer  the  Will  &  Codicil 
to  be  withdrawn,  &  to  hold  the  Partys  to  a  Specific  Execu- 
tion of  their  Contract  hath  proceeded  to  approve  the  Will  & 
Codicil  so  called  as  the  last  Will  &  Testament  of  your  Petr8 
Father  and  there  being  no  Method  at  Common  Law  for  your 
Petitioners  to  hold  the  Partys  to  a  Specific  Performance  of 
their  Agreement  according  to  the  Tenor  thereof  without  the 
Interposition  of  this  Great  &  General  Court  }'our  Pet"  must 
be  without  Remedy  &  unjustly  suffer. 

It  is  therefore  prayed  that  your  Honour  &  their  Hond 
Houses  would  take  the  Premisses  into  your  Wise  Considera- 
tion and  Order  the  Agreement  aforesaid  to  be  lodged  in  the 
Probate  Office  of  the  County  of  York  &  direct  &  impower 
the  Judge  of  Probate  for  that  County  to  settle  said  Estate 
according  to  the  Tenure  of  said  Agreement  each  Person 
there  giving  Security  for  the  payment  of  such  Sums  &  to 
such  Persons  as  pursuant  to  the  Tenor  of  said  Agreement 


they  were  to  pay  &  giving  such  Release  &  Discharges  as 
they  by  said  Agreement  were  to  give,  The  Nominal  Will  & 
Codicil  &  the  Probate  thereof  as  the  last  Will  &  Testament 
of  your  Petitioners  Father  Notwithstanding,  or  otherwise 
releive  your  Petitioners  upon  the  Premisses  as  in  your  great 
Wisdom  shall  appear  most  just  &  Reasonable.  &  Your  Pet" 
Boston  March  29.  1754 

Eze.  Cushing 
Mary  Cushing 

In  the  House  of  Representatives,  March  29.  1754 

Read  &  Ordered  that  the  Petitioners  serve  the  adverse 
Party  Dominicus  Jordan,  Nathaniel  Jordan,  Robert  Mitchel 
&  Miriam  his  Wife,  Joseph  Prout  &  Hannah  his  wife  with  a 
Copy  of  this  Petition  that  they  shew  Cause  (if  any  they 
have  )  on  the  second  Fry  day  of  the  next  May  Session  why 
the  Prayer  thereof  should  not  be  granted. 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  March  29.  1754     Read  &  Concur'd 

Tho8  Clarke  Dp1*  Secry 

A  True  Copy  Examined 

g  Thos  Clarke  Dpty  Secry 

this  may  Certifiy  that  I  have  notifyed  the  above  named 
dominicas  Jordan  and  nathanel  Jordan  and  Clemmen  Jordan 
and  robert  michael  and  meriani  his  wife  by  reading  the  above 
Coppey  to  them  and  I  have  Cytyes  with  them  of  the  same  for 
me  Joseph  mariner  Constable 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  257 

Petition  "April  1,  1754" 

To  His  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esqr  The  Honourable 
his  Majesty's  Council  &  the  Honourable  House  of  Rep- 
Humbly  Shews 

That  your  Petitioners  are  Inhabitants  of  a  Tract  of  Land 
on  Kenebeck  River  included  in  the  Grant  from  the  late  Col- 
ony of  New  Plymouth  to  Antipass  Boies  &  others  Situate  & 
Bounded  as  follows  Viz.  beginning  at  a  Point  of  Land  called 
Baxters  Point  and  thence  proceeding  South  Easterly  by  the 
Water  called  Tuessick  Gutt  to  a  place  called  Hells  Gate  and 
from  thence  to  a  Point  called  Hocomoco  Point  and  continu- 
ing along  by  the  Water  to  a  Place  called  Phipp_  his  Farm 
and  then  going  up  Mountsweag  Bay  to  Mountsweag  River, 
Including  a  Small  Island  in  said  Bay  called  Oak  Island  and 
proceeding  up  said  Mountsweag  River  one  Mile  and  an  half 
above  Tappings  Mills  so  called  to  a  White  Pine  Tree  marked 
B  I  and  from  said  Pine  Tree  Westerly  across  the  Land  to  a 
Point  called  Hutchinsons  Point  in  Kenebeck  River,  and 
thence  proceeding  Southerly  on  Kenebeck  River  to  Tuessick 
Point  aforesaid  Including  Lyndes  Island  so  called  in  said 
Kenebeck ;  Purpose  by  Divine  Permission  and  the  Smiles  of 
your  Excellency  &  Honours  accompanying  our  Endeavours 
to  have  the  Gospell  Preached  among  us  and  for  the  Encour- 
agement of  which  the  Proprietors  above  Mentioned  have 
made  a  Grant  of  Three  Tracts  of  Land  of  One  Hundred 
Acres  Each  Tract,  One  for  the  first  settled  Minister,  One  for 
the  Ministry  and  the  other  for  a  School  Lott. 

We  most  humbly  pray  your  Excellency  &  Honours  will 
Grant  that  the  said  Lands  &  Islands  before  Mentioned  may 
be  incorporated  into  a  Township  or  District  by  the  Name  of 
with  all  the  Priviledges  &  Immunities  ariseing 
therefrom  and  your  Petitioners  as  in  Duty  Bound  shall  ever 
Pray  &c. 




John  Wright 
Elijah  Grant 
James  Stinson 
Joseph  Paine 
Zacheus  hebberd 

John  Wright  Junr 
Edward  Savage 
Samuel  Blanchard 
Ebenezer  Smith 
James  B 

John  Gray  Thomas  Stinson 

thorn  as  Stinson  Junr  Solomon  Walker 

Joshua  Farnam 
Daniel  Savage 
Henry  Edgar 
Phin8  Nevers 
James  Savage 
Daniel  Lankester 
John  Carlton 
Joshua  Bay  ley 

Isaac  Savage 
Nathan  Lankester 
Elisha  Nevers 
Joseph  Wright 
William  Sewall 
John  Gordy 
Jonathan  Carlton 
Nathaniel  Webb 
Ebenezer  Brookin 
Richard  Greenleaf 
Georges  bolton 
John  Andrews 
Daniel  Lankester 

Jam8  Gilmor 
Stephen  Greenleaf    Joseph  Greenleaf 
Samuel  Greenleaf     Simon  Crosby 
Samuel  Wright         William  Gilmor 
William  Pumery       Ezra  D 

45  Inhabitants  Signers 
York  ss/    Aprill  1  1754 

Then  Cap1  John  Right  personally  appeared  and  made 
solom  oath  that  the  persons  that  have  signed  the  within 
petition  are  inhabitants  on    the    tract   of   land  therein 
Sworn  to  before 

me  Samuell  Denny  Jus18  peace 

Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  Bartholemew,  an  Indian. 

Boston  April  11,  17  [54] 
Good  Friend, 

I  have  received  your  Letter  by  Mr  Hancock  And 
in  Answer  to  it,  I  would  have  you  proceed,  as  soon  as  the 
Season  will  possibly  admit  of  your  Travelg  to  the  Head  of 
Kennebeck  River  &  the  Carrying  Place  between  that  & 
Chaudiere  River  &  make  all  the  Discoveries  you  can  of  the 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  259 

French  Fort  there  &  the  Situation  &  Strength  thereof;  & 
upon  your  Return  go  directly  to  Cpl  Lithgow,  &  inform  him 
very  particularly  of  all  the  Discoveries  you  shall  have  made 
in  Order  to  his  sending  the  same  to  me,  I  have  directed  Cpt. 
Bane  to  supply  you  with  what  small  Matters  you  may  need 
for  your  Convenience  as  you  Desire :  Your  son  hath  the 
Countenance  of  being  a  brave  Boy  ;  I  will  take  good  care  of 
him  and  do  what  I  can  I  doubt  not  of  your  fidelity  to  me, 
and  you  may  depend  upon  my  favour  and  protection  accord- 
ing to  your  Good  Services. 

Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  Jonathn  Bane. 

Boston  April  11,  1754. 

Sir,  You  must  as  soon  as  possible  deliver  the  inclosed  Let- 
ter to  the  Indian  Bartholemew  &  have  it  carefully  interpreted 
to  him,  enjoining  the  Interpreter  the  utmost  Secrecy  & 
Observing  the  same  Order  your  self.  Bartholew  desires  you 
would  trust  him  some  small  Supplies  which  he  will  pay  for  as 
soon  as  he  is  able  :  And  I  desire  you  would  supply  him 

Cpt.  Jonath"  Bane 

Commission  to  James  Bane  April  IS,  175  4-. 

By  His  Excy  Wm  Shirley  Esqr  Captn  Gen1  &c 
To  Mr  James  Bane  Greeting 
I  do  hereby  direct  &  impower  you  forthwith  to  proceed 
up  Kennebeck  River  &  so  to  the  Carrying  Place  between  the 
head  of  Kennebeck  River  &  the  Head  of  Chaudier  River 
( taking  with  you  for  Guides  or  Assistants  two  other  Persons 
(  either  English  or  Indians  as  you  shall  think  best ;)    And  in 


your  Passage  thither,  keep  your  selves  concealed  from  any 
Discovery  of  the  French  or  Indians  as  much  as  possible,  & 
endeavour  to  find  out  the  Certainty  of  the  Report  we  have 
had  of  the  French  building  a  Fort  or  making  a  Settlement  at 
the  said  Carrying  Place :  If  you  find  a  Fort  or  Settlem*  there 
or  near  that  Place  you  must  go  as  nigh  to  it  for  viewg  as  you 
can  without  Hazzarding  a  Discovery,  that  so  you  may  give 
the  exacttest  Ace*  that  the  Matter  will  admit  of,  respecting 
the  Situation  &  Strength  of  the  said  Fort  or  Settlement  & 
more  especially  if  there  be  any  Eminence  of  Ground  near  it 
that  may  command  the  same ;  You  must  likewise  take  spec- 
iall  Notice  of  the  Land  lying  on  Kennebeck  River  between 
Cooshnuck  &  Taconick,  falls  on  both  sides  of  the  River,  & 
what  the  Soil  is  &  what  Growth  of  Timber  there  is  upon  it 
particularly  near  Taconit  falls ;  And  you  must  also  observe 
the  Falls  of  the  River  between  those  Places  &  how  far  it  is 
practicable  &  in  what  manner  as  well  as  in  what  Season  of 
the  Year  so  as  you  may  best  judge  to  convey  Provisions  & 
other  Goods  from  Cooshnuck  to  Taconick:  Make  all  the 
convenient  Dispatch  you  can  on  this  Affair;  &  Return 
hither  &  make  Report  to  me  of  your  Doings  herein. 

Given  under  my  Hand  &  Seal  at  Boston  the  fifteenth  day 
of  April  1754  in  the  27th  Year  of  his  Majtys  Reign. 

W  Shirley 

Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  Grov.  Wentworih. 

Boston  April  22,  1754. 

In  my  last  Letter  to  the  Indians,    met   together  on 

Kennebeck   River,    in    Answer   to    their   Letter   to   me ;    I 

acquainted  them  that  the  publick  Business  of  the  Province 

would  not  allow  me  to  see  them  at  the  latter  Part  of  the 

Spring   but  if  nothing  necessarily  prevented  I  would  meet 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  261 

them  some  time  in  the  Summer  &  would  let  them  know  by 
you  the  particular  Time  &  Place  I  should  determine  upon 
for  the  Meeting:  Upon  Discourse  with  divers  Persons 
acquainted  with  the  Indians  Affairs  I  find  that  it  is  not 
probable  that  their  Hunting  will  be  over  till  towards  the  End 
of  May,  so  that  the  Middle  of  June  may  be  as  proper  a  Sea- 
son as  any  for  the  Indians  as  well  as  for  me  ;  And  therefore 
I  purpose  after  the  most  necessary  Business  of  the  Gen1 
Court  shall  be  Dispatched  which  may  be  done  in  a  few 
Days  if  Nothing  extraordinary  shd  prevent,  to  meet  them  at 
Falmouth ;  And  I  accordingly  hereby  direct  you  to  inform 
all  the  Indians  on  your  River,  that  you  can  convene,  That  I 
do  appoint  the  15th  Day  of  June  for  the  Time  of  Meeting 
them,  &  Falmouth  to  be  the  Place  of  Meeting ;  And  that  I 
do  expect  as  general  a  Meeting  of  their  Tribe  as  can  be 
assembled,  so  that  all  Matters  between  us  may  be  amicably 
agreed  upon  &  Settled,  And  that  I  desire  that  they  would 
bring  in  as  many  of  the  Sl  Francois  Tribe  as  can  attend, 
especially  of  their  Chief  Men. 

Letter  Q-ov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  John  North. 

Cpt.  John  North, 

Agreable  to  the  Request  of  Plymouth  Proprietors 
(as  they  stile  themselves)  that  I  would  give  you  Leave  to  go 
in  their  Service  upon  a  Survey  for  the  Proprietors  &  Inhab- 
itants I  do  hereby  permit  you  to  proceed  on  the  said  Busi- 
ness accordingly. 

Your  Friend  and  servant 

Boston  April  25,  1754. 

I  do  hereby  Order  you  to    send  a  sufficient  [  number  ]  of 

Men  well  armed  &  appointed  in  Whale  Boats  up  Kennebeck 


River  under  the  Command  &  Direction  of  Cpt.  Samuel 
Goodwin,  so  far  as  Taconeck  Falls,  to  view  the  Land  there- 
abouts, &  particularly  to  observe  what  Timber  may  be  there 
suitable  for  the  Building  a  Fort :  If  they  meet  with  Indians 
in  their  Way  they  must  offer  no  Violence  to  them,  except 
they  obstruct  their  proceeding  &  then  to  act  only  in  their 
own  Defence  &  to  press  forward  Notwithstanding. 

Mr  Franklin  to  Mr  Partridge. 

Copy  of  a  Letter  from  Mr  Franklin  to  Mr  Patridge  dated 
Philadelphia  May  the  8th  1754 

With  this  I  send  you  a  Paragraph  of  News  from  our 
Gazette,  with  an  Emblem  printed  therewith,  which  it  may  be 
well  enough  to  get  inserted  in  some  of  your  most  publick 

In  haste  I  am  your  most  humble  Servant 

B :  Franklin. 

Philadelphia  8th  May  1754. 
Friday  last  an  Express  arrived  here  from  Major  Washing- 
ton with  Advice,  That  Mr  Ward,  Ensign  of  Captain  Trent's 
Company,  was  compelled  to  surrender  his  small  Fort  in  the 
Forks  of  Mohongehela  to  the  French  on  the  17th  past  who 
fell  down  from  Nenango  with  a  Fleet  of  360  Batoes  & 
Canoes  upwards  of  1,000  Men,  &  18  Pieces  of  Artillery, 
which  they  planted  against  the  Fort ;  and  Mr  Ward  having 
but  44  Men,  &  no  Cannon,  to  make  a  proper  Defence,  was 
obliged  to  surrender  on  Summons,  capitulating  to  march  out 
with  their  Arms  &ca,  and  They  accordingly  joined  Major 
Washington  who  was  advanced  with  Three  Companies  of  the 
Virginia  Forces,  as  far  as  the  New  Store  near  the  Allegheny 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  263 

Mountains  where  the  Men  were  employed  in  clearing  the 
Road  for  the  Cannon,  which  were  every  Day  expected  with 
Colonel  Frye  &  the  Remainder  of  the  Regiment. 

We  hear  further,  that  some  few  of  the  English  Traders  on 
the  Ohio  escaped,  but  it  is  supposed  the  greatest  Part  are 
taken,  with  all  their  Goods  &  Skins  to  the  Amount  of  near 
20,000  Pounds.  The  Indian  Chiefs  however  have  dispatched 
Messages  to  Pennsylvania  and  Virginia,  desiring  that  the 
English  would  not  be  discouraged,  but  send  out  their 
Warriours  to  join  Them,  and  drive  the  French  out  of  the 
Country  before  they  fortifie,  otherwise  the  Trade  will  be 
lost,  &  to  their  great  Grief,  an  eternal  Separation  made 
between  the  Indians  &  their  Brethren  the  English.  It  is 
farther  said  that  beside  the  French  that  came  down  from 
Nenango,  another  Body  of  near  400  is  coming  up  the  Ohio, 
and  that  600  French  Indians  of  the  Chippaways  &  Ottaways, 
are  coming  down  Siota  River  from  the  Lake,  and  many  more 
French  are  expected  from  Canada  ;  The  Design  being  to 
establish  Themselves,  settle  their  Indians,  and  build  Forts, 
just  on  the  Back  of  our  Settlements,  in  all  our  Colonies ; 
From  which  Forts,  as  they  did  from  Crown  Point,  They  may 
send  out  their  Parties  to  kill  &  scalp  the  Inhabitants,  & 
ruin  the  Frontier  Counties,  Accordingly  we  hear  that  the 
Back  Settlers  in  Virginia,  are  so  terrified  by  the  murdering 
and  scalping  of  the  Family  last  Winter,  and  the  taking  of 
this  Fort,  that  they  begin  already  to  abandon  their  Planta- 
tions, and  remove  to  Places  of  more  Safety.  -The  Confidence 
of  the  French  in  this  Undertaking  seems  well  grounded  on 
the  present  disunited  State  of  the  British  Colonies,  &  the 
extreme  Difficulty  of  bringing  so  many  different  Govern- 
ments and  Assemblies  to  agree  in  any  speedy  &  effectual 
Measures  for  our  common  Defence  and  Security,  while  our 
Enemies  have  the  very  great  Advantage  of  being  under  one 
Direction,  with  one  Council  &  one  Purse.     Hence,  and  from 



the  great  Distance  of  Britain,  they  presume  that  they  may, 
with  Impunity,  violate  the  most  solemn  Treaties  subsisting 
between  the  Two  Crowns,  kill,  seize,  &  imprison  our  Traders, 
&  confiscate  their  Effects  at  pleasure,  (as  they  have  done  for 
several  Years  past,)  murder  &  scalp  our  Farmers  with  their 
Wives  &  Children,  and  take  an  easy  Possession  of  such 
Parts  of  the  British  Territory  as  they  find  most  convenient 
for  them,  which,  if  They  are  permitted  to  do,  must  end  in 
the  Destruction  of  the  British  Interest,  Trade,  &  Plantations 
in  America. 

Letter,  Gov.  /Shirley  to  the  Naval  Officer  at  Newbury. 

Boston  May  10,  1754  : 

I  am  informed  that  there  are  several  Vessels  in  the  Har- 
bour of  Newbury,  bound  for  Louisbourgh  &  ready  to  sail 
thither,  And  forasmuch  as  it  may  be  prejudicial  to  this  Gov- 
ernm1  for  any  Vessel  to  proceed  thither  or  to  any  other  of 
the  French  Settlements  in  these  Northern  parts : 

I  do  hereby  direct  you  not  to  give  any  Clearances  to  any 
such  Vessels  or  any  other  Vessels  which  you  may  have  strong 
Reason  to  suspect  are  design'd  for  such  Places  th6  they  may 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  265 

offer  to  take  out  Clearances  for  other  Places ;    &  this  to  be 
till  my  farther  Order  to  take  off  this  Suspension 
I  am  Sir  Your  humble  Servant 

W.  Shirley 
Naval  Officer  at  Newbury 

Letter,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Hon.  Col.  John  Grreenleaf. 

Boston  May  10,  1754. 

1  have  been  informed  that  there  are  several  Vessels  in 
Newbury  near  sailing  for  Louisbourgh  or  other  French  set- 
tlemtB  &  some  French  men  going  Passengers  in  them  in  which 
case  there  will  be  danger  of  Intelligences  being  carried  to  the 
French  of  our  Designs  &  Preparation  in  Relation  to  Kenne- 
beck  River  &c,  whereupon  I  have  directed  the  Naval  Officer 
at  Newbury  not  to  give  Clearances  to  any  such  Vessels  till 
my  further  Order :  And  I  must  desire  you  to  inquire  into 
this  Matter  &  let  me  know  what  Men  are  going  in  any  of 
these  Vessels  &  with  their  Names  &  Characters  as  soon  as 
may  be ;  And  that  you  would  see  the  Masters  of  such  Ves- 
sels who  may  be  stop'd  &  let  them  know  that  this  Restraint 
shall  be  taken  off  as  soon  as  the  Affairs  of  Governm*  will 
admit  of  it ;  wch  I  hope  will  be  in  a  very  short  time. 

You  will  be  pleas'd  in  a  particular  manner  to  forbid  the 
Masters  of  those  Vessels  in  my  name  to  carry  off  any  French 
Men  without  my  further  Orders. 

I  am  Sir  Your  very  humble  Serv* 

W  Shirley 
To  the  Honble  Coll.  John  Greenleaf 


Extract  of  a  Letter  from  Cap1  Charles  Morris  dated  at 
Halifax  May  15,  175^. 

I  think  it  Necessary  to  Inform  your  Excellency  of  some 
Reports  that  have  been  made  at  different  times  of  some 
Expedition  concerted  by  the  French. 

Last  Winter  a  French  Schooner  came  from  Cape  Sables 
into  Lunenburg  who  Reported  that  a  Schooner  put  in  there 
who  had  been  to  S*  Johns  River  with  Arms  Ammunition 
Stores  &  provision  for  a  number  of  Indians  who  were  to 
assemble  there  this  Spring  and  also  Reported  that  Eighty 
Indian  Canoes  were  sent  last  fall  to  the  Bay  of  Vert  for  some 
Expedition  it  was  thought  by  them  to  dislodge  the  People  at 
Lunenburg  but  that  I  Apprehend  impracticable  besides  I  am 
Apprehensive  from  the  behavior  of  the  Dutch  who  have  often 
declared  with  great  Confidence  that  the  Indians  will  never 
molest  them,  and  that  it  is  more  than  probable  they  have 
secretly  been  Assur'd  by  the  French  that  they  shall  not  be 
molested,  and  that  therefore  they  must  have  some  other 

The  Indians  not  being  assembled  at  Coopegate  at  this  time 
of  the  Year  nor  been  on  the  Sea  Coasts  this  Season  as  usual 
it  is  generally  believed  they  are  at  the  Bay  of  Vert. 

But  what  weighs  more  particularly  with  me  is  the  Infor- 
mation one  Deschamp  a  french  Neuter  in  the  English  pay, 
and  who  lives  with  his  family  at  Lunenburg  gives  me  who 
says  he  is  informed  that  the  Indians  are  Collected  together, 
&  are  to  join  the  S1  Johns  Indians  and  the  others  to  go  West- 
ward ;  he  also  Informs  me  That  a  French  Neuter,  Inhabitant 
of  the  North  Shore,  his  Name  I  forgot  generally  Commands 
the  Indians,  and  that  he  has  40  or  50  of  them  that  is  Neuters 
that  have  accompanied  him  in  his  Attack  at  Dartmouth  and 
generally  goes  with  him,  that  he  is  a  bold  enterprizing  Fellow. 
Upon  all  which  it  appears  to  me  they  have  some  Grand 
design    against   the    Eastern    Settlements  of  New  England, 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  267 

perhaps  to  break  up  all  to  the  Eastward  of  Kennebeck,  which 
is  the  Western  Limits  of  the  French  Claim.  I  have  also 
heard  there  is  to  be  a  grand  assembly  of  Indians  sometime 
in  June ;  it  may  be  expected  about  that  time  they  will  make 
some  attack  there.  I  thought  proper  to  advertise  your 
Excellency  of  this  as  all  the  Circumstances  taken  together 
seem  to  concur  in  such  an  Intention. 

Attest.     J  Willard  Secry 

First  Parish  in  Wells  Petition.    May  2%,  175Jf. 

To  his  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esqr  Captain  General 
&  Governour  in  Cheif  in  and  over  the  Province  of  the  Mas- 
sachusetts Bay,  The  Honourable  his  Majesties  Council  &  the 
Honourable  House  of  Representatives  for  said  Province  now 
sitting  in  Boston. — 

The  humble  Petition  of  the  Freeholders  &  other  Inhabit- 
ants of  the  first  Parish  in  the  Town  of  Wells,  humbly  sheweth, 
that  the  Committee  for  calling  Parish  meetings  thro'  a  mis- 
take betwixt  the  old  &  New  Stile  have  neglected  to  call  their 
annual  meeting  for  choosing  Parish  Officers  in  the  Month  of 
March  but  deferr'd  it  to  April  whereby  we  apprehend  that 
we  are  not  qualified  to  choose  our  Parish  officers  for  the 
present  year  to  the  great  Damage  of  the  Parish,  we  there- 
fore most  humbly  pray,  that  you  will  take  our  present  diffi- 
cult Circumstances  into  your  Consideration  &  enable  the 
Parish  to  meet  &  choose  their  Parish  Officers  &  pass  votes 
relating  to  the  supporting  the  ministry  &  other  necessary 
Affairs  of  said  Parish  as  other  Parishes  qualified  by  Law 
notwithstanding  this  Omission  — 

And  your  Pettionrs  in  Duty  Bound  shall  Ever  Pray  — 
Wells  May  23th  1754— 


Wm  X  Hilton  Samuell  Stewart         John  Storer 



Joseph  Winn  John  Littlefield  jr      Daniel  Chaney 
Isaac  Littlefield        James  Littlefield        John  Bourn 
Jonathan  Littlefield  Jeremiah  Littlefield  Jr    John  Storer  Junr 

John  Maxell  James  Davis  Benjman  Stevens 

Jacob  Perkins  John  Heard  Hubburd  Josiah  Credford 

Benjamin  Jacobs  Jeremiah  Stewart       Charles 

Eliab  Littlefield  Samvell  Treadwell     Sam11  Emery 

John  Stevens  Nathaniel  Hill  Benjamin  Kimball 

Joseph  Littlefield  Sam11  Hatch  Nath1  Wells 

In  the  House  of  Representatives  June  1,  1754 

Upon  the  petn  of  the  Inhabitants  of  the  first  parish  in 

Ordered  that  the  Prayer  of  the  Petition  be  granted  and 
that  the  Parish  Committee  for  sd  Parish  the  Last  Year  be  & 
hereby  are  Directed  and  Impowred  to  Issue  their  warrant  to 
some  Inhabitant  of  said  Parish,  Requiring  him  to  warn  and 
give  Notice  to  the  Inhabitants  of  said  Parish  Qualified  by 
law  to  vote  in  Parish  Affairs  to  Assemble  themselves  together 
at  such  time  and  place  in  said  Parish  as  by  said  warrant  shall 
be  appointed  to  make  Choice  of  such  officers  for  said  Parish 
as  shall  be  Necessary  and  according  to  law  ought  to  be 
Chosen  yearly  for  the  Transacting  the  Affairs  of  said  Parish 
and  the  said  Inhabitants  so  met  are  hereby  Impowred  to 
make  Choice  of  such  officers.  And  such  officers  so  Chosen 
having  (  first  Taken  the  oath's  injoyned  by  law  )  shall  have 
the  like  Power  in  their  Respective  offices  as  by  law  they 
would  have  had  on  their  being  Chosen  according  to  the 
Directions  of  the  Law  in  the  month  of  march  and  Qualified 
as  aforesaid. 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

Attr  01r  Partridge  Cler  Doin  Rep 

In  Council  June  1,  1764     Read  &  Concurd 

Tho8  Clarke  Dp1*  Secry 
Consented  to  W  Shirley 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  269 


Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To  his  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esqr  Captain  General 
and  Commander  in  Chief  the  Honble  The  Council  and  Honble 
House  of  Representatives  of  the  Province  aforesaid  in  Gen- 
eral Court  assembled  at  Boston  -  Twenty  ninth  day  of  May 
1754  — 

The  Memorial  of  the  Proprietors  of  the  Township  for- 
merly Granted  by  this  Great  and  Honble  Court  to  Jonathan 
Powers  and  others  lying  on  the  back  of  North  Yarmouth  in 
the  County  of  York 

Humbly  Shews 
That  your  Memorialists  before  the  last  War  proceeded  so  far 
in  the  Settlement  of  sad  Township  as  to  lay  out  Homelotts 
of  Sixty  Acres  to  a  Right  and  to  build  a  Commodious  Meet- 
ing house  for  the  Publick  Worship  of  God  &  Erected  houses 
on  their  Homelotts  conformable  to  the  Conditions  of  their 
Grant  which  was  attended  with  very  considerable  Charge 
and  were  proceeding  to  Clear  the  lands  but  before  they  were 
Able  to  Accomplish  the  same  the  War  broke  out  and  the 
said  Meeting  house  &  other  houses  so  built  were  burnt  .or 
Destroyed  by  the  Enemy  and  so  your  Memorialists  were 
Obliged  to  Leave  the  Settlement  of  the  same  to  a  future 
time  — 

That  your  Memorialists  have  been  at  Great  Charge  in  lay- 
ing out  a  New  division  of  Homelotts  in  said  Township  not 
more  then  ten  acres  to  a  lott  that  they  Might  Settle  more 
Compact  and  Defenceable  And  have  this  present  Year 
Erected  A  New  Meeting  house  fifty  foot  long  &  twenty  five 
feet  Wide  in  said  Township  in  the  Center  of  the  last  men- 
tioned Homelotts  which  has  cost  a  Considerable  sum  And 
were  Ready  to  proceed  in  the  Settlement  of  said  Township 
Conformable  to  the  Conditions  of  their  Grant   and  should 


have  perfected  the  same  before  the  time  limitted  by  your 
Excellency  and  Honours  — 

But  so  it  is  may  it  please  your  Excellency  and  honours  the 
late  Rumour  of  War  with  the  Indians  has  Retarded  the  Set- 
tlement your  Memorialists  humbly  Conceiving  that  if  they 
had  proceeded  in  the  Affair  before  it  was  known  whether  the 
Indians  would  Continue  peaceable  or  not  they  should  have 
been  in  Great  hazzard  of  their  lives.  And  as  the  time 
Allowed  by  your  Excellency  and  honours  is  very  near 
Expired  — 

They  therefore  most  humbly  pray  that  such  a  further  time 
for  the  Settlement  of  said  Township  may  be  allowed  them  as 
your  Excellency  and  honours  in  Your  Great  Wisdom  shall 
see  Meet  —  and  as  in  duty  bound  &c 

John  Hill  n  -n  the  name  &  by  order 

Joshua  Henshaw  V   f  the  p      rietor8 
Willm  Story  ) 

In  the  House  of  Representatives  Novemr  5,  1754  — 

Read  &  Voted  that  the  pet"  &  others  in  whose  behalf  they 
petition  be  Allowed  further  time  not  exceeding  one  year  to 
Compleat  the  settlement  of  the  Township  in  the  petition  the 
order  of  this  Court  in  April  1753  Notwithstanding 
Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

T.  Hubbard  SpkT 

In  Council  Novr  6,  1754 
Read  and  Concur'd 

Tho8  Clarke  Dpty  Secry 
Consented  to         W  Shirley 

Memorial  of  Sam1  Goodwin  1754 

To  His  Excellency  the  Governour  The    Honourable  the 
Council  and  House  of  Representatives 

The  memorial  of  Samuel  Goodwin  most  Humbly  Shews. — 

OF    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  271 

That  your  Memorialests  is  represented  to  your  Excellency 
&  Honours  by  a  late  Memorial  signed  by  Jona  Williamson  & 
Oathers  Vastly  injurious  to  His  Character  representing  him 
as    one   that  Has   Induced   Sundry   Persons   by   Threats   & 
Promases  to  Sign  a  Petition  to  your  Excellency  &  Honours 
tending  directly  against    the    Safety  of   the    Inhabitants  of 
Whischatset  and  to  the  Great  hindrance  of  Religion  and  good 
Order  in  these  parts:    He  now  begs  leave  to  in  forme  your 
Excellency   How  Grosly  mistaken  those  who  Prefer'd  said 
memorial    are,   both    as    to  your    Memorialists    Conduct    & 
the  Consequance  of  Granting  the  Petition  of  a  Very  large 
Majority  of  the    People  for  Erecting  two  Townships  Peti- 
tioned for  by  John  Wright  &  Others  and  your  Memorialist 
&  others.     First  in  Regard  to  the  unfair  Perswasions  and 
Threats  Practised  upon  some  of  the  People  Your  Memorialist 
begs  leave  to  Assure  your  Excellency  &  Honours  that  He 
was  so  far  from  using  those  Means  that  He  sent  the  Petition 
for  Frankfort  by  one  of  the  Complainants  Viz"  Robert  Lam- 
bert &  Gray  to  whome  it  was  Read,  to  Mr  William 
Groves  to  Show  to  the  Inhabitance  on  the  25th  Day  of  may 
last  in  Order  that  they  might  have  a  fair  Oppertunity  of 
Duly  Considering  the  same  and  the  Consequences  that  would 
follow  in  Case  the  Prayer  of  it  should  be  Granted  and  to 
avoid  the  Clamour  &  Misrepresentation    of   some    who  are 
Extreamly  forward  to  catch  at  Trifles  if  they  think  they  will 
be  any  wise  Conducive  to  spot  your  Memorialists  Character 
Traduce  the  Cause  he  has  as  an  agent  Engaged  in  Vainly 
imagining  by  such  artifices  to  help  out  there  own  Title,  but 
that  your  Excellency  &  Honours  may  be  Convinced  that  your 
Memorialist  is  innocent  of  the  Fault  he  is  accused  off  he  begs 
leave  to  lay  before  you  the  Deposition  of  mr  Jonathan  Reed 
by  which  it  will  Evidently  appear  that  your  Memorialist's 
Transactions  toward  the  People  at  Witchassett  on  Sheepcut 
River  were  Open  and  fair  &  what  they  Did  was  voluntary  & 
Neither  Perswaded  threatned  or  Bribed  into  it  — 


And  as  to  Utility  to  the  Publick  of  Granting  the  Prayer 
for  the  Townships  Petitioned  for  by  John  Wright  your 
Memorialist  thinks  it  Cant  be  Disputed  but  it  must  be  Vastly 
Greater  then  Granting  the  Liberty  of  Erecting  a  Town  by 
the  Name  of  Whitehaven  Considering  that  those  two  Town- 
ships first  mentioned  are  both  of  them  on  a  Neck  of  land 
between  two  Large  Rivers :  in  Every  respect  both  for  the 
Safty  &  Ease  of  the  Inhabitants  &  must  if  made  into  Towns 
be  a  Great  Means  of  Preserving  the  People  from  any  Attacks 
of  the  Enemy  for  Each  part  of  these  Towns  will  always  be 
ready  to  succor  the  other  haveing  No  large  River  to  Cross 
which  must  always  be  judged  a  hindrance  in  Case  of  an 
Alarm,  Wherefore  your  Memorialist  Conceives  that  its  clear 
the  Granting  these  Towns  is  what  will  undoubtedly  both 
secure  &  render  the  Greatest  Part  of  the  People  Easy  not 
only  with  Regard  to  the  Indian  Enemy  but  with  Respect  to 
Divine  Service  which  the  Inhabitance  of  said  Towns  will  be 
better  accomodated  by  their  Situation  — 

Now  your  Memorialist  begs  leave  to  lay  before  your 
Excellency  &  Honours  the  Difficulty  &  Dangers  that  would 
unquestionably  Arise  if  the  Prayer  of  Williamson  &  Others 
Petition  for  Erecting  the  Town  of  Whitehaven  be  Granted, 
its  Length  will  be  about  thirteen  Miles  &  in  breadth  Nine 
and  the  spot  Pitched  upon  for  the  Meeting  House  is  teen 
miles  from  some  of  the  Inhabitance  Not  only  so  but  its  Cut 
into  two  parts  by  the  River  Sheepcut  runing  through  it  and 
some  part  of  it  lies  Easward  of  the  River  Damerescotta  so 
that  they  will  have  two  Navagable  Rivers  to  Cross  one  a 
mile  Over  to  Geet  to  the  meeting  House  or  to  Give  their 
Assistance  to  the  Other  parts  of  the  Town  if  attacked  all 
which  will  more  clearly  appear  to  your  Excellency  &  Hon- 
ours by  Examining  a  Plan  of  those  Parts : — 

As  to  that  part  of  the  Memorial  of  Williamson  &  others 
wherein  they  Endeavour  to  move  your  Excellency  and  Hon- 


ours  by  seeting  forth  they  have  Cleared  lands  &c,  when  Duly 
Considered  it  will  appear  of  no  Great  Consequence  since  your 
Memorialist  Could  if  Judged  Needfull  Mention  Many  things 
Done  &  at  the  Great  Expence  of  the  Plymouth  Propreetee 
who  your  Memorialist  begs  Leave  to  Observe  have  a  Clear 
and  just  Title  to  the  lands  they  Clame  ( as  he  Conceives  )  & 
will  turn  out  so  when  Ever  that  point  Comes  fairly  to  a 
Tryal,  and  as  to  their  alledging  that  if  the  Prayer  of  sundry 
persons  who  have  taken  up  under  the  Plymouth  Proprietors 
should  succeed  the  memorialist  would  be  intirely  ruined  & 
their  Settlement:  your  present  Memorialist  would  only 
Observe  its  Only  their  Naked  say  without  one  single  Reason 
to  Inforce  it.  they  further  go  on  &  say  it  would  be  a  Means 
of  Exposing  them  to  the  Indain  Enemy  but  leave  your  Excel- 
lency &  Honours  to  guess  in  What  Manner  not  pointing  out 
any  thing  in  Perticular,  therefore  Desarves  No  Other  Answer 
from  me  then  a  flatt  deniall ;  they  also  Tell  your  Excellency 
&  Honours  they  have  been  a  longe  time  desirous  of  haveing 
the  Gospel  settled  amongst  them  and  so  is  your  Memorialist 
&  the  Company  for  whorae  he  acts  being  in  Great  Hops  that 
will  be  a  means  of  reclaiming  some  of  them  for  which  Reason 
they  are  Endeavouring  to  Settle  in  such  manner  that  it  may 
not  upon  every  litle  Rupture  with  the  Indains  be  unsettled 
as  heretofore  but  in  short  that  the  Country  may  be  settled  to 
the  advantage  of  his  Majesty  the  Inhabitants  &  this  Province 
in  Generall  — 

Your  Memorialist  has  but  one  thing  more  to  Obsarve  upon 
the  said  Memorial  which  is ;  for  want  of  proper  persons  to 
Signe  the  same  they  have  picked  up  some  persons  that  Live 
out  of  the  Intended  town  of  White  heaven  And  after  all 
their  number  &  weight  fall  Vastly  short  to  those  who  Oppose 
there  being  not  more  then  seventeen  if  so  many  in  Number 
within  the  Limits  of  Frankfort  and  I  yoirr  Memorialist  & 
Petitioners  are  sixty  besides  the  four  Complanants 



Upon  the  whole  not  withstanding  their  pretended  regards 
to  Religion  their  Desier  of  Order  &  Government  their  false 
notion  of  the  Right  of  the  Plymouth  Proprietee  and  their 
unjust  Insinuations  of  the  Bad  conduct  of  your  Memoralist 
there  Dose  not  appear  any  just  grounds  as  your  Memorialist 
Humbly  Conceives  to  Induce  your  Excellency  &  Honours 
Either  to  Grant  the  prayer  thereof  or  Deny  that  of  those  who 
petitioned  with  Wright  &  your  Memorialist  for  Towns  which 
would  Certainly  be  most  beneficial  for  those  parts  wherefore 
your  Memorialist  Prays  your  Excellency  &  Honours  in  your 
Known  Wisdom  &  Zeal  to  the  Publick  Welfare  Would  Grant 
the  same  And  as  in  Duty  bound  Shall  ever  pray 

Samuel  Goodwin 

Answer  to  the  Petition  of  Ezekiel  Cushing  <|*  other. 

To  his  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esqr  Captain  Gen1 
and  Commander  in  Chief  in  and  over  his  Majestys 
Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay  to  the  honble  his 
Majestys  Council  and  house  of  Representatives  in  Gen1 
Court  Assembled  the  thirtieth  day  of  May  Anno  Domini 
The  Answer  of  Dominicus  Jordan  &  others  to  the  petition 
of  Ezekiel  Cushing  &  other  humbly  Sheweth  — 

That  the  said  Petitioners  are  Mistaken  in  saying  that  their 
Father  Dyed  intestate  as  to  them.  By  the  12th  of  Wm  3.  C. 
7.  Any  Child  or  Children  not  having  a  Legacy  (or  Devise) 
in  the  Will  of  their  Father  or  Mother,  every  such  Child  shall 
have  a  proportion  of  the  Estate  of  their  parents  given  &  set 
out  Unto  them  as  the  Law  Directs  for  the  Distribution  of 
the  Estates  of  Intestates.  This  Provision  as  the  preamble 
showeth  is  grounded  upon  supposition  That  such  Child  is 
Omitted,  not  from  an    Intention    to  Disinherit  him  but  by 

OF   THE    STATE   OF    MAINE  275 

Accident.  The  Question  is  then  if  upon  said  Will,  Codicil 
&  the  Law  of  the  Province  the  petitioners  Wife  can  be 
Considered  as  so  Omitted,  as  to  Intitle  her  to  the  Benefit  of 
the  Above  provision. 

By  the  Fifth  Article  of  the  Will  there  is  a  Devise  to  Mary 
Cushing  the  petitioners  wife,  of  Three  hundred  Acres  of 
Land  province  Grant  Laid  out  above  Goreham  town  on  the 
Western  side  of  Presumscut  River  in  the  County  of  York 
to  hold  to  the  Sd  Mary  &  the  heirs  of  her  Body  &  in  the 
Codicil  the  Divisor  saith  he  Ratifys  &  Confirms  his  Sd  Will 
Excepting  among  Other  Things  the  Fifth  Article  which  as 
hath  been  Observ'd  is  a  Devise  to  sd  Mary,  and  as  to  the 
Three  hundred  Acres  in  said  Fifth  Article  Devised,  the 
Devisor  by  sd  Codicil  deviseth  one  half  thereof  to  Joanna 
Prout  &  the  heirs  of  her  Body,  had  he  by  the  Codicil 
Devised  the  whole  three  hundred  Acres  to  sd  Joanna  there 
might  be  some  reason  for  the  petitioners  Inference  that  their 
Father  as  to  Them  died  Intestate.  But  as  the  Will  &  Codi- 
cil Stand  your  Respondents  conceive  there  is  no  Possibility 
of  such  Construction. 

However  Supposing  that  the  Father  Died  Intestate  as  to 
the  petitioners  your  Respond18  Offer  the  following  Reasons 
Ag*  the  prayer  of  the  petition. 

First.  The  several  Devises  mentioned  in  sfl  Will  &  Codi- 
cil are  very  Express  &  Clear  Estates  Tail  &  the  setting  the 
Will  aside  as  is  Contended  for  would  be  Contrary  to  the 
Intent  of  the  Devisor  &  very  Injurious  to  the  Heirs  in  Tail 
who  were  no  Parties  to  said  Agreement  Exhibited  with  the 

Secondly.     Said  Agreement  is  very  Loose  &  Unintelligible. 

Thirdly.  It  was  not  Absolutely  agreed  that  sd  will  should 
be  given  up  &  Destroy 'd  But  Only  Conditionally  that  if  it 
might  be  Done  Agreable  to  the  rules  of  Law  - 

Fourthly.     Granting  the  Prayer  of  the  Petition  Woud  Be 


Making  the  Judge  of  the  Probate  absolute  Judge  & 
Chancellor  of  said  Agreement  and  giving  him  as  great  or 
greater  Power  than  ever  The  Lord  Chancellor  of  England 
Exercised  in  the  Like  Case. 

Fifthly.  Said  Agreement  is  under  the  hands  &  seals  of 
the  Partys  and  they  are  Bound  in  the  penalty  of  a  Thousand 
Pounds  to  perform  it  &  if  there  is  any  Breach  of  Contract 
there  is  Undoubtedly  a  Remedy  by  the  Course  of  the  Com- 
mon Law,  wherefore  the  Respond*  prays  that  he  may  be 
heard  before  Your  Excellency  &  Honors  or  a  Comtee  &c  ~ 

and  that  sd  Petition  may  be  dismissed  &  your  Respond8  as 
in  Duty  Bound  &c. 

Dominicus  Jordan 

In  behalf  of  himself  &  Joanna  Jordan 

Nath1  Jordan 
Clement  Jordan. 

Petition.     June,  17 5 If. 

To    His  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esqr  The  Honourable 

his  Majestys  Council  &  the  House  of  Representatives 
Humbly  Shews 

That  your  Petitioners  are  Inhabitants  of  a  Tract  of  Land 
included  in  the  Purchase  made  by  Antipass  Boies  and  others 
from  the  late  Colony  of  New  Plymouth,  lying  between  the 
Rivers  Kenebeck  &  Sheepscott  and  bounded  as  follows: 
Begining  on  Kenebeck  River  at  the  North  Bounds  of  the  Lot 
of  Land  laid  out  and  Granted  to  John  Tufts  by  the  Plymouth 
Proprietors  and  runing  from  thence  East  South  East  to 
Sheepscot  River,  from  thence  down  said  River  to  the  North 
Bounds  of  a  Tract  of  Land  which  John  Wright,  Thomas 
Stinson  and  others  Petition  the  Great  and  General  Court  to 
be  made  a  Township  or  District,  from  thence  by  the  North 



Boundary  Line  of  said  Township  petitioned  for  by  said 
Wright  and  Stinson  &c.  to  Kenebeck  River,  being  a  North 
West  Coarse,  thence  up  said  River  Kenebeck  to  the  Bound- 
ary first  mentioned ;  purpose,  by  Divine  permission  and  the 
Smiles  of  your  Excellency  &  Honours  accompanying  our 
Endeavours  to  have  the  Gospell  Preached  amongst  us  than 
which  nothing  will  tend  more  to  forward  the  settlement  of 
said  Plantation  and  for  the  encouragement  whereof  the  Pro- 
prietors above  mentioned  have  made  a  Grant  of  Three  Tracts 
of  Land,  One  of  One  hundred  Acres  for  the  first  settled  Min- 
ister, One  of  Two  Hundred  Acres  for  the  Ministry  and  one 
other  of  One  hundred  Acres  for  a  School  Lott.  We  most 
humbly  pray  your  Excellency  &  Honours  will  Grant  that  the 
said  Lands  before  mentioned  may  be  incorporated  into  a 
Township  or  District  Including  Swan  Island  in  said  Town- 
ship by  the  Name  of  Francfort  with  all  the  Privilidges  arising 
therefrom,  and  your  Petitioners  as  in  Duty  bound  shall  ever 
Pray  &c 

Francfort  June  1754 

Jaques  Bugnon 

J  F 

Miles  Goodwin 
Abram  Wyman 
David  Joy 


Obadiah  Albee 


Robert  X  Lambort 


Michel  Stuffing 
Jean  gorge  Goud 
Daniel  Goud 

Samuel  Goodwin 

John  Tufts 

Elisha  Kenny 
Jonas  Jones 
Sam1  Chapman 

Louis  Cavalier 


Sherrebiah  X  Lambort  George  Peckin 

his         mark 

John  C  Chapman 


Daniel  Malbon 
N  pochards 
Johann  Jacob  P 




Francis  O  Gray 


Sam11  Marson 


John  H  N  Harris 


Samuel  Ball 
Will1"  X  Mitchel 


Jean  George  J 


John  O  Spalding 


Naphtali  Kincaid 


Joseph  T  McFarland  Henry  Parry 


John  Cheney  Nathaniel  Rundlet 

Elias  Cheney  Abram  Preble 



his  his 

Amos  X  Parris         Jonathan  Rand  jr       George  X 

mark  mark 

Samuel  Samuel  Silvester    Charles  Estienne  Houdelette 


John  Sutton 

John  N  McCoye 


Abram  poehard 
Caleb  B 

Lazarus  Noble 

Moses  Gray 

George  Gray 
John  Deekor 
Timothy  W  hidden 

William  Boynton 


Obadiah  Call 
James  Whidden 
John  B 


John  X  Getehel 


Extracts  from  Message  of  June  ^,  17 54. 

"  Gentlemen  of  the  Council  and  House  of  Representatives 

"  I  have  Order'd  the  Secretary  to  lay  before  you  a  Letter, 
which  I  received  yesterday  from  the  Captain  of  Richmond 
Fort,  by  which  you  may  further  judge  what  Grounds  we 
have  to  suspect  the  Disposition  of  the  Norridgwalk  Indians 
towards  us,  and  how  much  they  are  devoted  to  the  French  : 
Nor  should  We,  I  think,  entertain  a  better  Opinion  of  the 
penobscot  Indians,  if  they  are  consenting  to  the  erecting  of  a 
french  Fort  in  their  Quarters,  wch  ( according  to  Captn  Lith- 
gow's  letter )  it  is  said,  the  Governor  of  Canada  proposes  to 
build  there : 

Upon  the  Intelligence,  wcb  I  referr'd  to,  in  my  late  Speech 
to  You,  ( who  is  well  acquainted  with  Penobscot  River ) 
before  I  received  this  Letter,  to  George's  Fort,  with  Orders 
to  the  Commander  of  it  to  fit  him  out  with  two  Whale  Boats, 
&  directed  him  to  proceed  up  that  River  to  the  spot  where, 
by  that  first  Intelligence,  it  was  suppos'd,  the  French  may  be 
now  actually  building  a  fort,  and  to  meet  me  at  Falmouth,  & 
let  me  know  the  Certainty  of  this  Report. 

I  was  of  Opinion,  Gentlemen,  during  the  late  War,  that  it 
would  be  of  great  Consequence  for  securing  the  penobscot 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  279 

Indians  in  our  Interest,  as  well  as  curbing  them  in  any  hos- 
tile Attempts  against  us,  that  a  Fort  should  be  built  by  the 
Province,  where  it  is  said  the  French  either  now  are  building 
one  or  design  to  do  it  soon ;  &  I  accordingly  towards  the 
Conclusion  of  the  War,  press 'd  the  Assembly  at  two  several 
times,  to  make  provision  for  erecting  &  maintaining  one 
there :  &  as  it  must  greatly  endanger  the  Safety  of  our  East- 
ern Frontier,  if  the  French  are  suffer'd  to  build  a  Fort  in 
that  place,  which  is  also  within  the  undoubted  limits  of  this 
province,  I  purpose,  if  they  have  already  built  one,  or  are 
attempting  to  do  it,  to  use  my  Endeavours  to  cause  them  to 
be  dislodg'd  by  the  party,  which  will  go  with  me  to  the 

The  repeated  Advices,  Gentlemen,  we  have  received  in  the 
Course  of  the  last  four  Months,  from  those  parts,  concerning 
the  Designs  of  the  French  &  Disposition  of  the  Indians,  must 
abundantly  convince  us,  how  highly  necessary  it  is  that  the 
Service,  wch  I  am  now  going  upon  at  the  Desire  of  the  late 
Assembly,  should  be  effected  without  Delay ;  and  on  the 
other  hand,  how  mischievous  the  Consequences  may  be,  if 
for  want  of  a  sufficient  Force,  we  should  fail  in  the  Attempt 
&  be  Obliged  to  retreat  before  a  Superior  one  of  the  Indians 
&  French,  which  it  seems  not  only  possible  but  very  probable 
We  may  meet  with ;  especially,  if  the  Intelligence  wch  I  have 
lately  received  from  Nova  Scotia,  &  have  already  communi- 
cated to  you,  is  well  founded,  viz1  that  the  Cape  Sable  &  Sl 
John's  Indians  with  some  French  of  Schiegnecto  among  'em 
are  certainly  engaged  in  an  Attempt  agst  the  English,  &  (  as 
it  is  there  said),  are  proceeded  to  the  Westward  of  that 
Province  with  a  Design  to  fall  on  the  eastern  Settlements  of 
this,  &  that  they  would  strike  the  blow  in  this  Month. 

I  can't  therefore  but  think  Gentlemen,  that  it  would  be  a 
point  of  prudence,  &  what  highly  deserves  your  Considera- 
tion, that  the  number  of  500  Men  ;tt  first  propos'd  for  the 


beforemention'd  Service,  should  be  augmented  to  such  an  one 
as  may  secure  it  from  being  defeated. 

The  additional  Expence,  which  this  would  Occasion  to  the 
Province,  will  bear  no  proportion  to  the  Mischiefs  that  would 
ensue  from  such  a  Misfortune. 

If  the  Result  of  your  Deliberations,  Gentlemen,  should  be 
agreeable  to  my  sentiments  upon  this  Emergency,  as  I  hope 
they  will ;  I  must  recommend  it  to  you,  Gentlemen  of  the 
House  of  Representatives,  to  lose  no  time  in  making  provision 
for  a  suitable  Augmentation  of  our  Forces 

W  Shirley 
Council  Chamber  June  4th  1754 


In  the  House  of  Represent  June  4th  1754 

The  House  having  taken  into  Mature  Deliberation  his 
Excellencys  Message  of  this  Day  to  both  Houses  respecting 
An  Augmentation  of  the  forces  Ordered  to  Attend  his  Excel- 
lency to  the  Eastern  parts  of  this  Province  &  to  build  a  Fort 
on  Kennebeck  River  &c 

Voted  that  his  Excellency  the  Cap1  General  be  desired 
forthwith  to  give  Orders  for  the  Enlistment  of  Three  Hun- 
dred men  Including  Officers  in  Addition  to  the  five  Hundred 
men  already  Enlisted  that  the  Officers  &  Soldiers  be  Under 
the  Same  Restrictions  &  Subsistance  &  to  Continue  in  the 
Service  for  the  same  term  of  time 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  June  5,  1754     Read  &  Concur'd 

Thoe  Clarke  Dp^  Secry 
Consented  to         W  Shirley. 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  281 

Message     June  6,  17 5 if. 

Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Represent™3 

I  think  it  necessary  that  a  Quorum  of  his  Majesty's  Coun- 
cil should  attend  me  to  the  Eastward  and  I  have  ordered 
suitable  Accommodation  to  be  made  for  them,  and  also  for 
several  Gentlemen  of  your  House  whose  Company  I  have 
desired  and  who  have  signified  their  readiness  to  go  with  me 
and  if  there  be  any  other  Gentlemen  of  the  House  who  incline 
to  accompany  me  upon  its  being  signifyed  to  me,  I  will  give 
further  Orders  for  their  accommodation  likewise. 

Council  Chamber  June  6,  1754  W  Shirley 

Col.  Winslouis  Memorial,  June  8,  175if. 

A  Return  of  Effective  Arms  belonging  To  Col0  John 
Winslow's  Regiment  viz* 

Cap*  Eleazer  Melvins  Company  41 

Cap1  John  Johnson  15 

Cap'  Humphry  Hobbs  32 

Cap1  William  Flint  37 

Cap1  Thomas  Cobb  37 

Cap1  William  P  10 

Cap*  Phineas  Osgood  19 

Cap1  Joseph  Wilson  6 

Total  197 

June  8th  1754  John  Winslow 

To  His  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esqr  Capn  General  & 
Commander  in  Chief  in  &  Over  his  Majtya  Province  of  the 
Massachusetts  Bay  &c 

The  Memorial  of  John  Winslow  Col0  of  the  Regiment  Now 
raised  for  the  Defence  of  Eastern  Frontiers  of  this  Province, 
Shews  — 


That  upon  the  Examination  of  the  Arms  of  sd  Regiment 
There  is  only  one  Hundred  &  Ninty  Seven  Effective  as  by 
the  above  return :  &  Wanting  to  Compleat  the  First  five 
Hundred  men,  Voted  to  be  raised  for  sd  Regiment,  Three 
Hundred  &  Three :  Your  Memorilist  Therefore  Humbly 
Prays  your  Excellency  that  the  same  may  be  Provided  for  sd 
Regiment  in  Such  Maner  as  your  Excellency  Judges  Proper 
and  he  as  in  Duty  Bound  Shall  Ever  Pray 

John  Winslow 

Message.     "  June  8,  1754" 

Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Representatives, 

I  have  this  Morning  receiv'd  a  Memorial  from  Col0  John 
Winslow  (whom  I  have  appointed  the  Chief  Commander  of 
the  Forces  raised  and  to  be  raised  for  the  Service  Eastward) 
Wherein  he  signifies  to  me,  That  upon  the  mustering  the  five 
hundred  men  first  ordered  to  be  raised  there  are  only  one 
hundred  and  ninety  seven  men,  that  come  provided  with 
Effective  arms ;  So  that  there  will  be  wanting  Three  hundred 
and  three  Arms  for  Equipping  the  men  already  rais'd  besides 
the  Deficiency  that  may  happen  among  the  Three  hundred 
still  to  be  Rais'd,  as  you  will  find  upon  reading  the  said 
Memorial  which  I  herewith  send  to  You. 

Now  Gentlemen,  I  know  no  other  way  of  Supplying  this 
great  Deficiency  upon  this  Emergency  than  by  Borrowing  so 
many  Arms  as  will  be  needful,  out  of  the  several  Town  Stocks 
with  the  Engagement  of  this  Court  to  restore  the  same  after 
the  Service  shall  be  over  in  as  good  Condition  as  they  were 
received  in  or  making  the  whole  good,  both  as  to  number  & 
Quality ;  If  you  can  find  out  any  better  way  it  will  be 
acceptable  to  me ;  but  something  must  be  forthwith  Effectu- 


ally  done  by  this  Court  in  this  important  Service  else  it  will 
be  otherwise  greatly  impeded  if  not  utterly  frustrated. 

W  Shirley 

Communication  from  the  Selectmen  of  Boston. 

Boston  June  9th  1754 

The  Committee  of  the  Honourable  House  of  Representa- 
tives having  applyed  to  the  Selectmen  of  this  Town  for  the 
use  of  the  Fire  Arms  belonging  to  the  Town  of  Boston  for 
the  forces  rais'd  and  to  be  rais'd  by  the  Province  for  the  ser- 
vice Eastward  in  answer  to  their  desire  have  Ordered  me  to 
write  you  that  upon  perusing  the  letter  of  the  late  Honoura- 
ble Col°  Fitch  the  Donor  of  said  Arms  to  the  Town,  &  the 
Vote  of  the  Town  thereupon  ( which  Vote  is  inclosed )  the 
Select  Men  tho  they  would  do  every  thing  in  their  power  to 
forward  this  service,  yet  apprehend  they  cannot  part  with 
said  Arms  without  the  Consent  of  the  Town,  especially  when 
many  of  their  poor  Inhabitants  in  case  of  an  Attack  from  the 
Enemy  cannot  be  any  ways  supply'd,  then  by  these  Arms, 
which  perhaps  may  be  attended  with  fatal  consequences  to 
the  Town,  they  therefore  doubt  not  but  the  Honourable 
House  will  excuse  them  for  not  complying  with  their 

By  Order  of  -  S 

Ezek1  Goldthwait  Town  Clerk 

To  the  Honourable  Thomas  Hubbard  Esq1  Speaker  of 
Honourable  House  of  Representatives  to  be  communicated. 


Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Representatives 

According  to  your  desire  to  me  express'd  on  the  Memorial 
of  Cap1  Elisha  Chapin  I  shall  give  Orders  for  the  Reinforce- 


ment  of  the  Garrison  at  Fort  Massachusetts  with  five  Men, 
and  considering  the  Importance  of  that  Fort  and  its  great 
Distance  from  any  of  our  Settlements  it  would  have  pleased 
me  if  you  had  made  Provision  for  a  few  more  Men  there. 

Upon  this  Occasion  I  must  put  you  in  Mind  of  the  haz- 
zardous  Condition  Fort  Pelham  and  Fort  Shirley  are  now  in 
if  there  should  be  any  sudden  Assault  from  the  Indians  on 
that  Frontier  ;  We  must  expect  that  the  first  thing  they  will 
do  would  be  to  burn  those  Forts  which  they  might  easily  do 
in  their  present  circumstances. 

Therefore  I  must  recommend  it  to  You  that  Provision  be 
made  that  some  better  Care  may  be  taken  for  preserving 

W  Shirley 

Council  Chamber  June  13th  1754 


The  Committee  upon  His  Excellencys  Message  of  the  12th 
Ins1  respecting  the  Eastern  Frontiers  beg  leave  to  report  in 
part,  That  they  are  humbly  of  Opinion  That  for  the  Encour- 
agement of  Volunteers  to  enlist  &  form  themselves  into  Com- 
panys  to  penetrate  into  the  Indians  Country  in  order  to 
Captivate  &  Kill  the  Indians  of  any  of  the  Tribes  this  Gov- 
ernment have  declared  War  against,  That  Thirty  days  provi- 
sions shall  be  given  to  every  &  all  the  Companys  raised  as 
aforesaid  provided  That  none  of  the  said  Companys  shall 
consist  of  less  then  Thirty  Men  &  that  the  said  Companys 
shall  be  held  to  perform  a  Scout  of  at  least  Thirty  days  upon 
every  March  unless  some  special  reason  for  the  good  of  the 
Service  shall  appear  for  their  returning  in,  in  less  time,  And 
that  the  officers  of  Each  Company  shall  be  also  held  to  keep 


a  Journal  of  Each  of  their  marches  or  Scouts,  &   exhibit 
them  in  Course  under  Oath  to  the  Captain  General. 

And  that  for  Every  Captive  taken  by  the  said  Companys 
or  by  any  other  party  or  detachment  of  any  of  the  Companys 
which  shall  be  brought  into  Boston  and  delivered  up  to  the 
Government,  shall  be  paid  out  of  the  Publick  Treasury  to 
the  said  Company,  party,  or  detachment  or  their  Attorny,  the 
sum  of  Two  hundred  and  Twenty  pounds.  And  for  every 
Scalp  that  shall  be  brought  in  and  produced  as  aforesaid  the 
sum  of  two  hundred  pounds  -  And  that  His  Excellency  the 
Captain  General  be  desired  to  grant  Commissions  to  such 
person  or  persons  as  shall  appear  &  offer  to  raise  a  Company 
or  Companys  for  said  service  provided  His  Excellency  shall 
judge  them  suitably  quallifyed  for  the  purpose.  And  that 
His  Excellency  be  also  desired  by  proclamation  to  give  the 
Encouragem1  of  the  sum  of  One  hundred  &  ten  pounds  for 
every  Captive,  &  One  hundred  pounds  for  every  Scalp  as 
aforesaid  including  the  Bounty  or  encouragement  given  to 
private  persons  not  in  the  pay  or  Subsistence  of  this  Govern- 
ment in  the  Vote  of  the  Court  passed  the  14th  Ins1  relating 
to  scalps  &  Captives  that  shall  be  taken  and  brought  in  as 
aforesaid  by  any  such  private  person  or  persons  who  may  on 
any  Emergency  or  otherwise,  either  Captivate  or  Kill  any  of 
the  said  Tribes  of  Indians.     All  wch  is  humbly  submitted 

g  order  John  Hill 

In  Council  June  14th  1754     Read  and  sent  down 

Letter  T.  Robinson  to  Gov.  Shirley. 

Whitehall  June  21st  1754. 

Having  received  your  Dispatches  of  the  19th  of  April, 

and  1st  of  May  last,  with  their  several  Inclosures,  and  having 

laid  the  same  before  the  King,  I  am  to  acquaint  you,  that 


His  Majesty  extremely  approves  the  Resolution  which  has 
been  taken  by  the  Assembly  of  your  Province,  in  Conse- 
quence of  the  Proposal  recommended  by  you,  to  use  their 
best  Endeavours  to  drive  the  French  from  the  River  Kenne- 
beck ;  and  I  am  at  the  same  time,  to  inform  you  that  His 
Majesty  is  graciously  pleased  to  authorize  and  direct  you,  to 
proceed  upon  the  Plan,  and  to  pursue  the  Measures,  which 
appear,  by  your  Speeches  to  the  Assembly,  and  their  Answer 
thereto,  to  have  been  so  well  calculated  for  that  Purpose ;  I 
am  likewise  to  assure  you,  as  a  Mark  of  His  Majesty's  partic- 
ular Attention  to  the  Welfare  of  His  loyal  Subjects  in  New 
England,  That  Every  Thing  recommended  by  the  said 
Assembly,  will  be  fully  considered,  and  that  immediate 
Directions  will  be  given  for  promoting  the  Plan  of  a  General 
Concert,  between  His  Majesty's  Colonies,  in  order  to  prevent 
any  Encroachments  upon  the  Dominions  of  the  Crown  of 
Great  Britain. 

It  is  with  the  greatest  Pleasure  that  I  take  this  early 
Opportunity  of  giving  you  the  Satisfaction  to  know  the  very 
favourable  Manner,  in  which  the  Account  of  your  prudent 
and  vigorous  Conduct  as  well  as  of  the  Zeal  and  Activity  of 
Those  under  your  Government,  have  been  Received  by  the 
King,  which  cannot  fail  to  excite  and  encourage  Them  in 
taking  such  farther  Steps  as  will,  most  effectually  provide 
for  their  own  Security,  and  will  give  a  proper  Example  to 
His  Majesty's  Neighbouring  Colonies. 

I  am,  Sir  Your  most  obedient  humble  Servant 

T  Robinson. 
Governor  Shirley 

Letter  Gov.  Shirley  to  Secretary  Willard. 

Falmouth,  Casco  Bay,  July  8th  1754 

The    Speaker,    to   whom  I  am  much  oblig'd  for  his 

OF   THE   STATE    OF    MAINE  28 T 

Assistance  in  the  publick  business  here,  and  the  pleasure  of 
his  Company  both  which  I  shall  miss  upon  his  leaving  me, 
doth  me  the  favour  to  be  the  Bearer  of  this. 

As  he  is  able  to  give  you  a  perfect  Ace*  of  the  Issue  of 
the  Conference  with  the  Indians,  who  met  me  here,  and  the 
result  of  the  Interview,  I  referr  you  to  him  for  it ;  It  hath 
been,  I  think,  favourable,  beyond  even  our  Expectation ;  and 
may,  I  hope  have  good  Consequences  for  the  Tranquility  of 
the  province,  and  the  General  service  :  It  certainly  will  if 
Indian  Faith  may  be  in  the  least  depended  upon. 

Mr  Danforth,  Mr  Oliver  and  Colonel  Bourn  are  to  imbark 
this  day  with  the  Speaker,  and  some  other  Gentlemen  of  the 
House  for  Boston,  and  Mr  Fox  is  extremely  ill,  so  yl  there 
will  be  wanting  four  Gentlemen  of  the  Council  to  make  up 
a  Quorum  upon  any  Emergency  of  publick  business :  I  must 
therefore  desire  you  to  let  Mr  Wheelwright,  Mr  Cheever, 
Colonel  Minot,  and  Colonel  Lincoln  know  that  their 
Attendance  upon  it  here  will  be  requisite ;  and  y*  I  hope 
they  will  not  fail  of  letting  me  see  them  here,  as  soon  as  may 
be :  They  will  have  an  Opportunity  of  coming  in  the  Ship 
which  I  have  order'd  to  wait  upon  the  Gentlemen  of  the 
Council  and  Mr  Speaker  and  the  Gentlemen  of  the  House, 
who  go  to  Boston,  and  to  attend  upon  Mr  Wheelwright  and 
the  other  three  Gentlemen  to  bring  them  hither. 

I  desire  you  will  transmit  to  me  what  publick  Letters  you 
shall  judge  proper  to  be  communicated  to  me  here :  It  will 
be  a  great  pleasure  to  me  to  hear  from  time  to  time,  how 
matters  go  on ;  and  to  receive  your  letters  upon  any  subject. 

I  am,  with  truth,  Sir,  Your  faithful  Friend  and  Humble 

W  Shirley 
The  Honble  Mr  Secretary  Willard. 


Speech  of  the  River  Indians. 

(At  a  Meeting  at  the  Courthouse  in  Albany  8  July  1754.) 

We  are  greatly  rejoiced  to  see  you  all  here,  it  is  by  the 
will  of  Heaven  that  we  are  met  here  &  we  thank  you  for 
this  Opportunity  of  Seeing  you  altogether  as  it  is  a  long 
while  since  We  have  had  such  an  One. 

Fathers.  Who  sit  present  here,  we  will  just  give  you  a 
short  relation  of  the  long  friendship  which  hath  subsisted 
between  the  White  people  of  this  Country  &  Us. 

Our  forefathers  had  a  Castle  on  this  River,  as  One  of  them 
Walked  out  he  saw  something  on  the  River,  but  was  at  a 
loss  to  know  what  it  was,  he  took  it  at  first  for  a  great  Fish, 
he  ran  into  the  Castle  and  gave  Notice  to  the  other  Indians, 
two  of  Our  forefathers  went  to  see  what  it  was  and  found  it 
a  Vessel  with  Men  in  it;  They  immediately  join'd  hands 
with  the  people  in  the  Vessel  and  became  Friends;  The 
White  people  told  them  they  should  not  come  any  further 
up  the  River  at  that  time,  and  said  to  them  they  wou'd 
return  back  from  whence  they  came  &  come  again  in  a  years 
time,  According  to  their  promise  they  return'd  back  in  a 
years  time,  &  came  as  far  up  the  River  as  where  the  Old 
Fort  stood,  Our  forefathers  invited  them  ashore  &  said  to 
them  here  we  will  give  you  a  place  to  make  you  a  Town,  it 
shall  be  from  this  place  up  to  such  a  Stream  (meaning  where 
the  Patroons  Mill  now  stands  )  &  from  the  River  back  up  to 
the  Hill,  Our  forefathers  told  them  tho'  they  were  now  a 
small  people  they  wou'd  in  time  Multiply  &  fill  up  the  Land 
they  had  given  them,  After  they  were  ashore  sometime,  some 
other  Indians  who  had  not  seen  them  before,  looked  fiercely 
at  them,  And  Our  forefathers  observing  it,  and  seeing  the 
White  people  so  few  in  number,  least  they  shou'd  be  destroy'd, 
took  &  sheltered  them  under  their  Arms,  but  it  turn'd  out 

OF   THE    STATE   OF    MAINE  289 

that  those  Indians  did  not  desire  to  destroy  them,  but  wished 
also  to  have  the  said  White  people  for  their  friends,  at  this 
time  which  we  have  now  spoken  of,  that  the  White  people 
were  but  small,  we  were  very  numerous  &  strong,  we 
defended  them  in  that  low  state,  but  now  the  case  is 
alter'd  you  are  numerous  &  strong,  we  are  few  and  weak ; 
Therefore  we  expect  you  will  Act  by  us  in  these  Circum- 
stances, as  we  did  by  You  in  those  we  have  just  now  related  ; 
We  view  you  now  as  a  very  large  Tree,  which  has  taken 
deep  root  in  the  Ground  whose  branches  are  spread  very 
wide,  we  stand  by  the  body  of  this  Tree,  &  we  look  round  & 
see  if  there  be  any  who  Endeavour  to  hurt  it,  and  if  it  should 
so  happen  that  any  are  powerful  enough  to  destroy  it,  we 
are  ready  to  fall  with  it.  gave  a  Belt 

Fathers,  You  see  how  early  we  made  friendship  with  you, 
we  tied  each  other  in  a  very  strong  Chain  that  Chain  has  not 
yet  been  broken,  We  now  Clean  &  Rub  that  Chain  to  make 
it  brighter  &  stronger,  &  we  determine  on  our  part  that  it 
never  shall  be  broken,  and  we  hope  you  will  take  care  that 
neither  you  nor  any  One  else  shall  break  it,  and  we  are 
greatly  rejoiced  that  peace  &  friendship  have  so  long  sub- 
sisted between  Us.  gave  a  Belt. 

Fathers.  Don't  think  strange  of  what  we  are  about  to  say, 
We  would  say  something  respecting  Our  Lands  ;  When  the 
White  People  purchased  from  time  to  time  of  Us,  they  said 
they  only  wanted  to  purchase  the  Low  lands,  they  said  the 
hilly  Land  was  good  for  nothing  and  that  it  was  full  of  Wood 
and  Stones,  but  now  We  see  people  living  all  about  the  Hills 
and  Woods ;  altho'  they  have  not  purchas'd  the  Lands ; 
when  we  enquire  of  the  people  who  live  on  these  Lands, 
what  right  they  have  to  them,  they  reply  to  Us,  that  we  are 
not  to  be  regarded,  and  that  the  Lands  belong  to  the  King, 
but  we  were  the  first  possessors  of  them,  &  when  the  King 
has  paid  us  for  them,  then  they  may  say  they  are  his ;  Hunt- 



ing  now  is  grown  very  scarce,  and  we  are  not  like  to  get  our 
livings  that  way  therefore  we  hope  Our  fathers  will  take 
Care  that  we  are  paid  for  Our  Lands  that  we  may  live 

gave  a  Belt. 
Made  a  present  of  a  Bundle  of  Skins. 

Message.     July  10,  175//-. 

Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Represent™8 

Col°  Winslow  ( the  Chief  Commander  of  the  Forces  raised 
for  the  Eastern  Service )  has  represented  to  me  by  His  Memo- 
rial (  which  I  now  lay  before  you  )  that  many  of  the  Soldiers 
have  Families,  &  are  not  able  to  leave  with  them  what  is 
necessary  for  their  Support  in  their  Absence ;  and  that  others, 
tho'  without  the  Charge  of  Families  yet  are  destitute  of  nec- 
essary and  sufficient  Cloathing,  And  that  therefore  the 
Advance  of  one  Month's  Pay  will  be  a  great  Releif  & 
Encouragem*  to  them. 

And  as  I  am  informed  these  Soldiers  are  good  effective 
Men  and  likely  to  do  Service  on  this  Occasion,  I  must  rec- 
ommend it  to  you  (  Gentlemen )  as  a  Matter  I  apprehend 
much  conducing  to  the  publick  Benefit  to  make  Supply  for 
the  proposed  Advanced  Wage's  accordingly. 

W  Shirley 

July  10,  1754. 

Letter,  Secry  Willard  to  Gov.  Shirley. 

Boston,  July  12,  1754 

I  have  recd  your  Excellencys  Letter  by  Mr  Speaker  Hub- 
bard, &  desire  to  join  with  you  &  all  the  rest  of  the  Gentle- 
men   in    offering   humble    &    thankful    Acknowledgem*   to 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  291 

Almighty  God  for  conducting  the  great  &  important  affairs 
you  have  been  engaged  in  by  his  unerring  Wisdom  &  for 
giving  Success  to  them  in  his  great  goodness  &  Power,  And 
I  pray  God  that  we  may  long  reap  the  good  Fruits  of  this 
happy  Event. 

I  was  surprized  to  find  that  your  Excellency  had  recd  Noth- 
ing from  me,  Having  sent  a  Letter  to  you  (  &  therein  inclosed 
a  Commission  for  Calling  Courts  Martial )  by  one  Gage  Mas- 
ter of  a  Sloop  belonging  to  N°  Yarmouth  who  sailed  from 
hence  the  29tb  of  June.  And  this  Commission  thus  miscar- 
rying I  have  now  enclosed  an  other  Draught,  both  of  them 
Agreable  to  the  established  Form  taken  from  a  Copy  of  Sir 
Wm  Pepperils  which  he  was  pleased  to  send  me  since  your 
Excellencys  Departure. 

I  have  sent  to  all  the  Gentlemen  of  the  Council  you  men- 
tion strongly  urging  them  immediately  to  prepare  for  a  Voy- 
age to  Casco,  they  all  make  their  Excuses :  And  as  to  Mr 
Wheelwright  it  seems  to  me  that  it  is  necessary  he  shd  attend 
the  Business  of  his  Office  in  Town  &  it  appears  probable  that 
some  further  Supplies  may  be  wanting  for  the  Forces  that 
cannot  be  effectually  provided  &  sent  forward  with  the  need- 
ful Dispatch  by  any  Body  but  himself.  I  have  written  to 
Coll.  Greenleaf  &  Coll  Royal  &  press'd  their  Attendance  at 
Falmouth,  &  shall  do  every  thing  in  my  Power  that  your 
Excy  may  have  a  Quorum  of  the  Council  to  assist  you. 

I  have  had  no  publick  Letters  of  any  Moment  come  to  my 
Hands  since  your  Departure.  I  have  Nothing  from  any  of 
the  Commissrs  at  Albany :  I  hear  no  more  from  thence  than 
that  all  the  Commiss1"8  were  arrived  &  had  several  Meetings 
to  consult  upon  the  general  Design  of  their  Congress  but  had 
come  to  no  Determinations ;  That  the  Indians  were  generally 
arrived  after  long  waiting  for  them.  If  any  Intelligence 
comes  to  my  hands  of  Matters  of  Importance  worth  troubling 
yre  Excy  with  I  shall  not  fail  to  transmit  them  to  you.     I 


wish  your  Excellency  the  Protection  of  the  Divine  Provi- 
dence &  Success  in  all  your  Affair ;  &  a  happy  Return  hither  ; 
And  am  with  great  Respect 

( Sir  )  Your  Excys  most  ob*  humble  Serv* 

His  Excy  Governour  Shirley 

Letter,  Seery  Willard  to  Grov.  Shirley. 

Boston  July  20,  1754. 

I  have  just  now  received  your  Excellencys  Dispatches  by 
Mr  Gerrish,  and  the  acquainting  me  with  his  Charge  to  return 
with  the  utmost  Expedition  I  would  not  detain  him  one 
Minute  longer  than  is  necessary. 

I  am  glad  to  hear  of  the  good  Posture  of  our  Affairs  upon 
Kennebeck  River,  And  I  hope  the  Divine  Province  will  still 
favour  them.  We  have  had  the  same  Rumours  of  a  French 
War  you  mention,  but  they  are  little  credited  here  I  have 
sent  my  Letter  from  your  Excellency,  to  Mr  Shirley,  to 
acquaint  your  Family  with  your  affairs,  &  have  also  desired 
to  know  whether  there  was  any  thing  they  wished  to  send 
by  this  Post ;  But  Mr  Shirley  not  being  at  Home,  Mr8  Wil- 
mot  informed  Mr  Clark  that  they  had  forwarded  every  thing 
they  had  to  send  to  Your  Excellency  by  Cap*  Inches,  who 
sailed  this  Noon.     I  am  with  great  Respect, 

Sir  Your  Excellencys  most  obedient  Humble  Servant 

Josiah  Willard 

Grovr  Shirley  to  Sir  Thomas  Robi?iso7i. 

Falmouth  in  Casco  Bay  August  19th  1754 

In  a  former  Packet,  which  I  had  the  Honour  to  transmit 
to  the  Earl  of  Holdernesse,  I  acquainted  his  Lordship  that 

OP   THE   STATE   OP   MAINE  293 

upon  having  reciev'd  Advice  from  the  Commander  at  Fort 
Richmond,  upon  the  River  Kennebeck  within  the  limits  of 
this  Government,  that  some  of  the  Norridgwalks  a  Tribe  of 
Indians  Inhabiting  that  River  had  given  him  Intelligence, 
that  the  French  had  the  Summer  before  last  made  a  consid- 
erable Settlement  upon  a  carrying  place  near  the  head  of  it ; 
that  this  was  done  with  the  allowance  of  those  Indians  in 
consideration  that  the  French  had  agreed  to  supply  them 
with  Arms,  ammunition,  and  other  stores  in  Time  of  War 
with  the  English,  and  yet  that  Tribe  and  another  call'd  the 
Arssegunticooks,  or  Sl  Francois  Indians,  assisted  by  other 
Indians  from  Canada,  and  a  great  number  of  French  in 
Indian  Disguise  ( a  practice  not  uncommon  with  the  French ) 
would  fall  upon  the  New  England  Settlements  this  Summer ; 
which  last  circumstance  seem'd  Confirm'd  by  the  insolent 
behaviour  of  the  beforementioned  Tribes,  who  appear'd  to  be 
upon  the  brink  of  committing  Hostilities,  I  lay'd  these 
accounts  before  the  Assembly,  and  urg'd  them  to  make  pro- 
vision for  raising  Forces  to  remove  the  French  from  this 
Incroachment  on  his  Majestys  Territories  in  case  they  should 
refuse  to  quit  it  upon  a  peaceable  Summons,  as  also  for 
building  a  new  fort  as  high  up  Kennebeck  River,  as  should 
be  found  upon  a  Survey  of  it  to  be  practicable  at  present,  in 
order  to  prevent  the  French  from  taking  Possession  of  any 
part  of  it,  and  either  keep  the  Indians  Inhabiting  it  in  a  due 
Subjection  for  the  future,  or  oblige  them  wholly  to  abandon 

I  further  acquainted  his  Lordship,  that  the  Assembly  in 
answer  to  what  I  recommended  to  them  sent  me  a  Message 
of  both  Houses  wherein  they  desir'd  me  to  take  measures  as 
soon  as  might  be,  for  removing  the  French  from  their  before- 
mentioned  Settlement,  and  building  a  new  fort  as  high  up 
the  River  as  I  should  think  proper,  praying  me  to  take  those 
matters  under  my  immediate  direction,  and  for  that  purpose 


to  make  a  voyage  to  the  Eastern  parts  of  the  Province,  prom- 
ising that  for  the  safeguard  of  my  person  in  effecting  the 
Service,  they  would  make  Provision  for  raising  500  men 
(  which  they  soon  afterwards  augmented  to  one  for  800 )  and 
desiring  me,  in  case  I  should  judge  that  proper,  to  have  an 
Interview  and  Conference  with  the  Indians  upon  my  Arrival 
in  those  parts. 

In  consequence  of  this  Message,  Sir,  I  rais'd  800  men  and 
having  sent  Orders  to  the  Commanders  of  the  Eastern  Forts 
to  notify  the  two  beforementioned  Tribes  of  Indians,  and 
another  called  the  Penobscots  to  meet  me  here,  the  middle  of 
June  last,  I  embark'd  with  the  Forces  as  soon  as  the  other 
Business  of  my  Government  would  permit  for  this  place, 
where  I  arriv'd  the  26th  of  June  accompany'd  by  Colonel 
Mascarene,  who  had  been  appointed  by  Governour  Hopson  a 
Commissioner  on  the  part  of  Nova  Scotia,  to  join  with  the 
Government  on  any  Interview  with  the  Eastern  Indians ;  and 
upon  my  arrival  I  was  met  by  three  Commissioners  from  the 
Government  of  New  Hampshire,  which  I  had  notify'd  of  my 
intended  Interview  with  the  Indians,  for  the  same  Purpose. 

As  it  could  not  be  doubted  but  that  the  building  a  new 
fort,  and  making  the  propos'd  march  to  the  head  of  the 
River,  and  extending  the  English  Settlements  upon  it  would 
be  very  disagreeable  to  the  Indians,  I  determined  to  get  an 
Interview  with  them,  if  Possible,  before  I  proceeded  in  the 
intended  Service ;  that  appearing  to  be  the  only  chance, 
there  was  to  prevent  an  impending  War  with  them :  on  the 
other  hand  the  two  Priests  of  the  Norridgwalk  and  Penob- 
scot Tribes,  both  French  Jesuits,  who  notwithstanding  the 
Indians  had  all  accepted  Presents  from  this  Province,  and 
ratify'd  former  Treaties  of  Peace  with  it  the  last  fall,  and 
press'd  me  by  letters  to  have  a  personal  Conference  with 
them  in  the  Spring,  had  so  wrought  upon  their  dispositions 
in  the  Winter,  that  the  Norridgwalks  and  Arssegunticooks 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAESTE  295 

seem'd,  as  I  before  observ'd  to  be  upon  the  point  of  breaking 
out  into  Hostilities  before  we  had  taken  the  resolution  to 
erect  the  fort,  and  reconnoitre  the  River  and  Carrying  place 
at  the  head  of  it,  now  redoubled  their  Efforts  to  prevent  the 
Indians  from  coming  to  a  Conference  with  us  :  and  they  had 
so  far  succeeded,  that  the  Penobscot  Tribe,  which  was  the 
only  one  of  the  three  I  had  hopes  of  gaining  an  Interview 
with  let  me  know  in  a  letter  from  them  before  I  left  Boston, 
that  they  would  not  meet  me  at  this  place,  and  the  Norridg- 
walk  and  Arssegunticook  Indians  had  shew'd  such  signs  of 
their  making  a  sudden  stroke  upon  our  most  exposed  Eastern 
Settlements,  that  the  Settlers  upon  Kennebeck  River  had 
betaken  themselves  to  their  Garrisons  and  those  upon  Sl 
George's  were  preparing  to  do  the  same. 

However,  contrary  to  my  Expectations  I  found  upon  my 
Arrival  at  this  place,  that  several  of  the  Norridgwalks  had 
been  assembled  here  some  days  to  meet  me ;  which  was  prin- 
cipally owing  to  the  accident  of  their  Priests  having  left  them 
about  20  days  before  to  go  to  Canada,  and  the  miscarriage  of 
a  letter  from  the  Penobscot  Priest  to  their  Priest,  which  the 
Commander  of  Sl  George's  fort  had  found  means  to  intercept 
&  send  me. 

As  to  the  Arssegunticook  Indians,  who  have  their  head 
Quarters  near  the  Southern  bank  of  the  River  Canada,  and 
are  generally  reckon'd  among  the  French  Indians  the  Com- 
mander of  fort  Richmond  and  the  Norridgwalks  themselves 
inform'd  me,  that  a  party  of  them  now  lurking  in  the  neigh- 
bourhood of  fort  Richmond  had  declar'd  in  answer  to  my 
letter  of  Notification  to  them  to  meet  me,  that  they  would 
have  no  Interview  with  the  English  until  they  had  (to  speak 
in  Indian  Phrase)  wip'd  away  the  Blood  of  two  Indians 
belonging  to  their  Tribe,  who  had  been  unfortunately  kill'd 
within  the  Government  of  New  Hampshire  above  a  year  ago  ; 
and  the  New  Hampshire  Commissioners  acquainted  me,  that 


some  of  that  Tribe  had  about  three  weeks  before  carry'd  off 
a  whole  family  Captive,  and  Pillag'd  and  burnt  two  houses 
within  that  Province ;  so  that  there  was  not  the  least  Expec- 
tation of  their  sending  any  of  their  Tribe  to  the  Interview. 

As  to  the  Penobscot  Indians  I  was  inform'd  by  a  letter, 
which  I  found  at  my  Arrival  here,  that  they  had  reciev'd 
Messages  inviting  them  to  join  with  the  French  Indians  in 
taking  up  the  Hatchet  against  the  English,  which  matter  they 
had  under  consideration ;  and  by  another  letter  which  I  found 
here  from  the  Commanding  Officer  of  Fort  S*  George,  that 
they  were  soon  to  hold  a  Grand  Council  upon  what  I  had 
orderd  him  to  tell  them  in  Answer  to  their  letter  of  refusal 
to  meet  me  here,  but  that  he  was  almost  sure  they  would 
persist  in  their  former  Resolution. 

In  this  Letter,  Sir,  I  found  inclos'd  the  beforemention'd 
letter  from  the  Penobscot  missionary  to  the  Jesuit  of  the 
Norridgewalks  a  Copy  of  which  I  send  you  at  full  length,  as 
I  think  it  may  give  a  just  notion  of  the  principles  and 
Intrigues  of  the  Jesuit  missionaries  here,  what  lengths  they 
would  go  for  the  sake  of  saving  one  of  their  missions  which 
is  in  danger  of  being  lost  to  them ;  even  such  as  would 
embroil  all  Parties  in  War,  and  which  they  are  affraid  should 
be  discover'd  by  the  Indians,  or  even  the  French  Government. 

As  the  Penobscots  are  esteem'd  the  most  Powerfull  of  the 
Eastern  Indians,  and  have  ever  appear' d  the  best  affected  of 
those  Tribes  towards  the  English  I  determin'd  to  use  my 
utmost  Efforts  to  draw  them  hither  from  their  Priest,  and 
have  a  Conference  with  them:  Accordingly  I  dispatch'd  a 
Vessel  to  S1  George's  River  to  bring  them  to  Falmouth,  with 
a  letter  acquainting  them  that  upon  their  own  request  made 
to  me  in  the  last  Winter,  that  I  would  have  an  Interview 
and  Conference  with  them  in  person  this  Summer,  I  was 
come  so  far  as  to  brighten  the  Covenant  Cham  with  them, 
and  was  surprized  at  not  finding  them  here  upon  my  arrival 
as  I  did  the  Norridgwalks. 

OP    THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  297 

That  I  expected  them  to  attend  me  at  Falmouth  without 
delay  and  should  look  upon  their  refusal  as  a  renouncing  of 
all  amity  with  the  English. 

At  the  same  time,  as  the  Norridgwalk  Indians  were  the 
original  proprietors  of  the  Lands  upon  Kennebeck  River  and 
the  only  Indians  now  interested  in  them,  and  I  had  reason  to 
expect  that  the  presence  of  the  Penobscots  would  embarrass 
our  Conference  concerning  the  intended  march  fort,  and 
further  Settlements  up  the  River,  I  determin'd  to  have  a 
seperate  Conference  with  the  Norridgwalks,  and  dispatch 
them  from  hence  before  the  Arrival  of  the  Penobscot  Indians 

I  shall  not  trouble,  You  Sir,  with  the  particulars  of  the 
Conference  with  the  Norridgwalk  Indians,  but  mention  only 
so  much,  as  will  shew  what  were  the  principle  points  and 
result  of  it. 

Upon  acquainting  them  with  our  intended  proceedings  and 
the  true  motive  of  them  which  I  told  them  was  to  secure  the 
River  Kennebeck  against  the  French,  who  had  of  late  built 
several  forts  within  his  Majesty's  Territories  upon  this  Con- 
tinent ;  &  not  with  the  least  view  of  incroaching  upon  their 
lands,  they  at  first  told  me  in  a  peremptory  manner,  that  they 
would  not  consent  to  it,  that  they  lik'd  well  the  Treaty 
which  U  Governour  Dummer  had  made  with  them,  and  the 
other  Eastern  Tribes  in  1725  and  1726,  and  they  would 
stand  by  it,  they  acknowledg'd  that  Richmond  fort  was  King 
Georges,  &  said,  all  below  it  belong'd  to  the  English,  but  all 
above  it  to  them. 

In  answer  to  this  I  told  them  I  did  not  ask  their  Consent 
to  the  building  the  new  fort  or  extending  the  English  Settle- 
ments upon  the  River  Kennebeck  but  only  appriz'd  them  of 
our  intentions,  that  they  might  not  conceive  any  false 
Alarm  at  our  proceedings ;  That  all  Princes  had  a  right  to 
build  forts  for  the  protection  of  their  Subjects  within  their 


own  Territories  as  they  pleas'd ;  they  well  knew  the  French 
King  did  so;  that  the  Building  this  Fort  would  not  affect 
their  properties  in  any  lands  upon  the  River ;  That  by  Govr 
Dummer's  Treaty,  which  they  just  now  express'd  their 
Satisfaction  in  they  had  acknowledg'd  their  "  Subjection  to 
"  King  George,  submitted  to  be  Governed  by  his  Laws,  and 
"  desired  to  have  the  Advantage  of  them "  whereby  the 
English  and  they  were  become  Brethren,  and  King  George 
their  common  father;  and  that  he  had  no  other  view  in 
building  this  fort  than  the  protection  of  his  Children,  Indians 
as  well  as  English  against  the  French ;  and  they  might  have 
the  Benefit  of  it  as  well  as  we  if  they  pleas'd.  I  remind'd 
them  of  the  Calamities  which  going  to  War  with  the  English 
had  brought  upon  them :  That  in  the  year  1724  the  English 
broke  up  their  Settlement  at  Norridgwalk  destroy'd  near  half 
their  Tribe,  and  drove  them  intirely  off  the  River  Kennebeck 
whereby  according  to  the  Rules  of  War  receiv'd  and  practic'd 
by  all  Indians  the  English  gain'd  from  them  by  right  of 
Conquest  all  their  Lands  upon  the  River,  and  that  it  was 
wholly  owing  to  their  kindness  for  them  that  they  were 
suffer'd  afterwards  by  Gov1  Dummer's  Treaty  to  return  to 
their  Possessions  there. 

I  shew'd  them  that  above  100  years  ago  the  English  had 
purchas'd  all  the  Lands  of  their  forefathers  as  high  up  that 
river  as  a  branch  called  Wesserunskik,  being  near  100  miles, 
by  Deeds  which  themselves  had  at  the  Treaty  last  Year 
acknowledg'd  to  be  genuine,  and  that  by  Virtue  of  those 
purchases  the  English  had  made  Settlements  at  Cushenoc 
and  Taconnett;  being  about  forty  miles  above  Richmond, 
the  Ruins  of  which  were  still  visible,  and  particularly  at 
Taconnett  they  had  built  a  Truckhouse  above  one  hundred 
Years  ago  where  a  greater  Trade  was  carried  on  by  them 
with  the  Indians  for  Beaver  and  Furrs  than  is  now  at  all  the 
Truckhouses  in  this  Province,  as  themselves  well  knew  by 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  299 

Tradition  from  their  forefathers,  and  have  likewise  acknowl- 
edge, and  I  shew'd  them  that  by  Ll  Govr  Dummer's  Treaty, 
under  which  they  hold  all  their  Lands  upon  the  River,  it  was 
Stipulated  by  the  Indians  that  the  English  should  quietly 
enter  upon  and  hold  all  their  former  Possessions  and  Lands, 
which  they  had  purchas'd  of  the  Indians  without  any  moles- 
tation from  them,  so  that  the  English  had  full  as  good  right 
to  extend  their  Settlements  as  far  as  their  Ancient  Posses- 
sions and  purchases  reach'd,  as  the  Indians  had  to  hold  the 
Land  which  were  upon  that  River  beyond  them:  and  I 
demanded  of  them  if  they  would  now  ratify  L*  Govr  Dum- 
mers  Treaty,  which  they  had  just  before  told  me  they  would 
stand  by,  and  the  Treaty  of  Peace  concluded  between  them 
and  the  English  in  1749.  To  this  they  readily  answer'd  me, 
that  they  were  willing  and  desirous  ;  whereupon  I  acquainted 
them  at  our  Meeting  the  next  morning,  that  the  Instruments 
of  Ratification  were  prepar'd;  but  advis'd  them  to  consider 
well  before  we  proceeded  to  execute  them  whether  they  were 
absolutely  determin'd  to  observe  them  ;  That  they  had  better 
not  sign  them  than  to  do  it,  and  break  faith  with  us ;  For  if 
after  concluding  this  Treaty  they  should  be  guilty  of  another 
breach  of  their  faith  we  should  never  trust  them  again  :  I 
told  them  we  had  now  fully  open'd  our  hearts  to  them,  and 
hop'd  they  would  hide  nothing  which  was  in  theirs  from 
us,  and  if  their  hearts  were  as  right  towards  us,  as  ours 
were  towards  them,  we  would  interchangeably  sign  the 

Their  Speaker  then  stood  up  and  declar'd  in  the  Name  of 
them  all,  that  the  English  should  be  welcome  to  build  their 
intended  forts  upon  the  River  Kennebeck,  and  to  extend 
Settlements  there  as  far  as  their  Ancient  Possessions  and 
purchases  reach'd,  and  only  desir'd  I  would  let  them  know 
how  high  up  the  River  I  design'd  to  erect  the  fort :  which  I 
told  them :  they  made  professions  in  the  most  solemn  man- 


ner,  that  what  they  had  last  said  was  spoke  in  the  sincerity 
of  their  hearts  and  let  me  know  that  the  Arssegunticooks 
had  sent  messages  to  the  Penobscots,  inviting  them  to  join 
with  them  in  taking  the  Hatchet  up  against  the  English. 

We  then  sign'd  the  Ratifications  ;  after  which  I  let  them 
know  that  as  a  Testimony  of  the  good  Disposition  of  the 
English  towards  them,  if  they  would  send  any  of  their 
children  to  Boston  to  be  Educated  in  the  English  Language 
the  Government  there  would  be  at  the  Expence  of  maintain- 
ing and  Educating  them  in  a  proper  manner,  and  would  send 
them  back  to  their  Parents  whenever  it  should  be  requir'd ; 
and  that  I  proposed  this  to  them  as  the  means  of  cementing 
still  a  closer  Friendship  and  perpetuating  Peace  between 
them  and  the  English. 

Upon  this  proposal  three  of  their  Young  men  of  about  16 
years  of  age  immediately  offer'd  themselves  to  me  in  the 
presence  of  the  rest  to  go  to  Boston  ;  and  one  of  their  noted 
captains,  who  had  before  accepted  a  Commission  from  the 
French,  desir'd  leave  to  send  two  of  his  Sons  to  be  educated 
in  Boston;  which  I  readily  promis'd  and  sent  the  three 
Young  men  there  two  days  after :  the  day  following  I  dis- 
patch'd  all  the  Norridgwalk  Indians  back  to  Kennebeck 
River  and  caus'd  the  forces  to  embark  and  proceed  upon  the 
intended  Service  :  and  I  heard  the  Indians  shew'd  signs  of 
satisfaction  at  their  arrival  there  in  particular  that  they  have 
discover'd  and  have  brought  back  to  the  Commander  of  the 
Forces,  two  Deserters  who  were  going  to  Canada. 

The  next  day  the  Vessell,  which  I  had  sent  to  S*  George's 
River  to  bring  hither  such  of  the  Penobscot  chiefs,  as  that 
Tribe  should  delegate  to  come  to  the  Conference  return'd 
with  fourteen  of  them :  and  the  next  morning  I  open'd  the 
Conference  with  them. 

I  acquainted  them  with  what  we  design'd  to  do  upon  the 
River  Kennebeck,  and  what   had    pass'd    between   me    and 


the  Norridgwalks  upon  that  Subject,  telling  them  that 
though  I  was  sensible  that  they  had  no  property  in  that 
River,  Yet  I  thought  fit,  as  they  were  our  Friends,  to  apprize 
them  of  what  we  intended  to  do  there  with  the  motives  of 
our  proceedings :  They  did  not  discover  the  least  uneasiness 
at  what  I  said,  and  in  their  answer  only  desir'd  I  would 
build  no  fort  higher  up  Sl  Georges  River,  than  the  present 
Fort,  assuring  me  that  they  would  not  suffer  the  French  to 
make  any  Settlement,  or  set  up  any  fort  upon  their  lands, 
and  profess'd  in  the  Strongest  terms  a  sincere  Disposition  to 
cultivate  a  perfect  harmony  with  us. 

They  shew'd  themselves  very  ready  and  desirous  to  Ratify 
the  former  Treaties  of  Peace  ;  which  was  done ;  and  in  four 
days  after  their  arrival  here  I  sent  them  back  to  S*  George's 
in  perfect  good  Humour,  having  first  made  them  the  same 
offer  of  maintaining  and  Educating  any  of  their  Children  at 
the  Charge  of  the  Province  that  I  had  to  the  Norridgwalk 
Indians  ;  Whereupon  two  of  their  Young  men  desir'd  leave 
of  me  to  go  to  Boston  to  learn  the  English  Language,  and 
one  of  their  Chiefs  offer' d  to  bring  his  Son  there  the  next 
Spring  and  leave  him  to  be  educated. 

The  Arssegunticooks  still  stand  out  and  the  only  expe- 
dient, which  occurr'd  to  me  for  putting  a  stop  to  their 
Hostilities,  was  to  observe  to  the  Norridgwalks  and  Penob- 
scots  that  by  L*  Govr  Dummer's  Treaty  with  them,  the 
Arssegunticooks  and  other  Eastern  Tribes ;  to  which  Treaty 
the  Government  of  New  Hampshire  was  a  Party,  it  is  stipu- 
lated between  the  English  and  Indians,  "  That  if  any 
"  Controversy  or  difference  at  any  time  thereafter  should 
"  happen  to  arise  between  any  of  the  English  and  Indians  for 
"  any  real  or  supposed  wrong  or  injury  done  on  either  side 
"  no  private  Revenge  should  be  taken  for  the  same,  but  a 
"  proper  application  made  to  his  majesty's  Government  upon 
"  the  place  for  Remedy  or  Redress  thereof  in  a  due  course  of 


Justice,"  and  that  by  the  Treaty  of  Peace  made  in  1749 
between  the  same  English  Governments  and  Indians  those 
Tribes  engaged  "  That  if  any  Indians  should  at  any  time 
"  thereafter  commit  any  Acts  of  Hostility  against  the  English 
"  they  would  join  their  Young  men  with  the  English  in 
"reducing  such  Indians  to  reason." 

I  then  observ'd  to  them  that  three  Commissioners  from  the 
Government  of  New  Hampshire  were,  in  Conformity  to  those 
Treaties,  now  came  to  meet  the  Arssegunticooks,  in  order  to 
give  and  receive  Satisfaction  for  Mischiefs  done  on  either 
side ;  but  that  the  Arssegunticooks  have  absolutely  refus'd 
to  appear  here,  and  insist  upon  taking  their  own  Revenge  on 
the  English,  have  actually  carry'd  off  one  family  Captive 
pillag'd  and  burnt  two  houses  and  were  watching  for  opportu- 
nities to  commit  further  Hostilities. 

Wherefore,  as  the  English  had  on  their  part  observ'd  the 
beforemention'd  Treaties,  and  the  Arssegunticook  Indians 
had  broke  them,  and  absolutely  refus'd  to  submit  to  them, 
We  had,  I  told  them,  a  right  by  Virtue  of  those  Treaties  to 
call  upon  them  to  join  their  Young  men  with  ours  to  reduce 
the  Arssegunticooks  to  reason,  which  I  now  demanded  of 

This  was  a  very  serious  affair  with  them,  and  seem'd  to 
Embarrass  them ;  the  Norridgwalks  Indians  in  their  Confer- 
ence Assur'd  me,  they  had  already  put  a  Stop  to  the  Hos- 
tilities of  the  Arssegunticooks  until  their  return  to  Norridg- 
walk,  that  they  were  sure  they  would  commit  none  before 
they  call'd  upon  them  there,  and  that  then  they  would  use 
their  best  endeavours  to  restrain  them  from  committing  any 
further;  and  undertook,  if  they  should  fail  of  success,  to 
give  the  English  notice  before  they  did  more  mischief ;  The 
Speaker  of  the  Penobscots  in  their  Conference  with  me, 
assurd  me  that  himself  would  at  their  return  to  Penobscot 
go  to  the  head  Quarters  of  the  Arssegunticooks,  and  make 


them  call  their  Indians  in,  from  committing  Hostilities 
against  the  English. 

I  let  both  these  Tribes  know,  that  we  should  depend  upon 
their  effecting  this,  and  if  they  did  not,  that  we  must  insist 
upon  their  joining  with  us  to  reduce  the  Arssegunticooks  to 

This  is  the  Issue,  Sir,  of  the  Conferences  held  here,  and  I 
hope  the  effect  of  them  may  be  to  Divert  the  Indians  from 
further  thoughts  of  War  at  present,  and  make  them  acquiesce 
in  our  New  forts  and  Settlements  upon  the  River  Kennebeck, 
which,  it  seems  clear  to  me  with  regard  to  the  Indians,  we 
have  a  just  right  to  carry  on  ;  and  let  their  Disposition  be 
what  it  will,  that  it  is  necessary  to  be  done  for  securing  the 
Possession  of  this  most  essential  River  against  the  Incroach- 
ments  of  the  French,  whether  present  or  future ;  of  which 
there  appears  to  be  no  End  upon  this  Continent. 

As  to  the  progress  which  is  made  by  our  forces  upon  the 
River  Kennebeck,  I  shall  defer,  Sir,  giving  you  an  acco*  of  it 
'till  their  return  to  Taconnett. 

I  dont,  apprehend  much  danger,  that  the  French  will 
attempt  to  give  them  any  Interruption  in  their  march  or  to 
molest  us  in  carrying  on  the  two  forts  on  the  River :  How- 
ever as  the  Governour  of  Canada's  receiving  frequent 
accounts  at  Quebeck  of  our  number  and  motions,  could  not 
be  avoided,  and  the  French  may  possibly  be  elated  with  their 
late  success  upon  the  Ohio  against  Col0  Washington,  whose 
forces  consisting  of  about  4  or  500  men,  I  hear  they  have 
defeated  :  I  am  determin'd  to  remain  here  until  their  return, 
and  our  works  upon  the  River  shall  be  either  Compleated,  or 
so  far  advanced,  as  to  be  out  of  danger,  that  I  may  be  ready, 
in  case  of  any  unforeseen  Emergency  to  support  the  800 
Men,  we  have  now  upon  the  River,  with  500  more  which  I 
should  not  much  doubt  in  such  case  to  be  able  to  raise  forth- 
with in  these  parts,  where  1  have  taken  oare  to  have  a  Corps 


de  reserve  left  for  that  purpose,  and  to  keep  a  Quorum  of  his 
Majesty's  Council  with  me,  as  their  Advice  to  me  for  taking 
any  extraordinary  measures,  which  the  present  Service  may 
require,  will  be  agreeable  to  the  Assembly :  and  as  Expresses 
by  Whale  Boats  are  continually  passing  and  Repassing 
between  me,  the  forts,  and  forces  now  on  their  march,  I  hope 
sufficient  precautions  are  taken  to  prevent  surprises,  and 
Secure  the  Success  of  the  Service  I  am  en^ao-'d  in. 

I  am  with  the  Highest  Respect  Sir,  Your  most  humble  and 
most  Obedient  Servant 

W.  Shirley 

The  Jesuit  of  the  Penobscots  to  the  Jesuit  of  the  Norridgwalks. 

Mon  Reverend  Pere 

P-  X.  Vous  avez  tort  de  craindre  1' Anglais, 

il  n'en  veut  qu'a  vos  terres,  non  a  vos  vies,  si  vous  vouliez 
neanmoins  tenter  clefendre  vos  terres,  vous  serriez  les  victimes 
de  vostre  temerite  :  il  faut  que  Narantsaug1  et  Pananamprsqe2 
agissent  de  Concert :  sans  cela  les  Norrantsuaniens3  ou  an 
moins  la  mission  de  Narantsuag  est  Perdue;  la  coup  est 
decisif ;  il  faut  icy  beaucoup  de  prudence ;  tachons  vous  et 
moy  de  ne  pas  paroitre  dans  cette  affaire  ;  il  faut  que  vous 
aidions  nos  sauvages  sans  nous  brouiller  ni  avec  le  francois, 
ni  avec  l'anglais  quay  que  nous  agissons  contre  lun  et  contre 
l'autre ;  la  Conduite  de  l'un  et  de  Fautre  n'est  pas  droite 
devante  Dieu ;  vous  ferez  bien  de  ne  pas  faire  le  voyage  de 
Quebec,  envoyez  y'  a  1'  ins^u  de  1' Anglais  J'y  envoye,  en  part 
demain,  voici  la  Parole  que  je  fais  porter  au  General  *  Mon 

1  Norridgwalk. 

2  Penobscot. 

3  Norridgwalks. 

*  The  appellation  always  used  by  the  Indians  when  they  speak  or  write  to  the 
Goveruour  of  Canada. 

OF   THE   STATE    OF   MAINE  305 

"  Je  viens  vous  ex  poser  ma  misere ;  1' Anglais  prend  mes 
"  terres  et  je  suis  trop  foible  pour  luy  resister,  nos  Armes  ne 
"  sont  point  egales ;  il  me  montre  des  Canons,  et  une 
"  quantite  prodigieuse  de  Guerriers,  puis  je  manquer  d'en 
"  estre  accable"  et  detruit  meme  ?  J'ay  toujours  cru,  que 
"  mon  Pere  me  defendroit  si  je  venois  a  estre  vivement 
"  Attaque."  N- B 

II  faut  que  vos  Gens  aillent  porter  la  meme  Parole, 
vous  voiez  que  les  miens  n'ont  Parle  au  nom  des  vostres, 
quils  ne  promettent  point  de  paper  1' Anglais ;  si  les  vostres 
promettent  de  paper  1' Anglais,  et  qu'ils  le  frapent  les 
premiers  nous  les  abandannons  si  au  contraire  L'Anglais 
frape  le  premier,  nous  le  fraperons  vivement ;  exbortez  vostre 
peuple  a  ne  pas  s'exposer,  mais  a  s'avoir  de  Courage ; 
s'ils  quittent  leur  terres  pour  un  moment  ils  les  perdent 
pour  toujours:  il  paroit  par  les  discours  de  ceux  du 
fort  Sl  George  que  si  le  pannaunmpsquiens1  veut  defendre 
les  terres  de  narantsuag  l'anglais  ne  les  prendra  point, 
il  faut  done  que  vos  gens  paroissent  ne  pas  craindre 
FAnglais ;  je  n'ose  pas  les  Solliciter,  ni  leur  parler  pour 
Narantsuag,  si  les  affaires  tournoient  mal,  on  ne  me  jetteroil 
pierre :  que  vos  gens  ne  plaignent  point  leurs  peines  ;  quils 
ne  cessant  de  porter  icy  des  paroles,  et  faille  des  inter- 
rogationes  il  est  necessaire  qu'ils  vienent  nous  dire,  de 
parler  a  1' Anglais ;  on  le  fera'sils  viennent :  qu'on  disc 
a  1' Anglais  que  les  Pannaumpsqeins  ne  veulent  Pont  que 
les  Narantsuaniens  aillent  a  Maigan2  comme  J'entends  dire 
que  l'Anglais  le  demande.  Je  suis  dans  l'union  de  vos 
s.s.  s.s.  avec  une  tres  profond  respect. 

N.  B.  It  appeared  upon  the  Conference  with  the  Penobscot  Indians  that  the 
above  letter,  which  the  Jesuit  sent  in  their  name  to  the  French  Governour,  was 
wrote  &  sent  without  their  Knowledge. 

1  Fenobscots. 

3  Falmouth  in  Casco  Bay. 



Mon  Reverend  Pere  Votre  tres  humble  et  tres  Obeissant 

R  Gounon  J. 
A  Pamiauampsqe  le  4  Juin  1754 
Je  vous  prie  mon  Reverend  Pere,  de  representer  a  vostre 
peuple  quil  perd  ses  terres  (en  Confidence  'sil  est  possible  ou 
au    moins    avec   finesse )    de  s'adrasser  au  Francois  pour  le 
secourir ;    il  perdra  ses  terres  certainment,  et  fera  oblige  de 
vivre  ca  et  la'  miserablement  dans  les  villages  de  Becancour 
et  Sl  Francois ;  qu'il  ne  quitte  point  ses  terres  s'il  ne  veut 
tres  miserable 

A  Mon  Reverend  Pere  Mon  Reverend  Pere  Andrau 
Missionaire  de  la  Compagnie  de  Jesus  a  Narantsuag 

And  upon  the  Outside  are  the  following  lines  which 
appear  to  have  been  wrote  after  the  letter  was  Sealed  up. 

L' Anglais  nous  appelle  Maigan  nous  leur  avons  repondu, 
que  s'l  avoit  quelque  chose  a'nous  dire  quil  viendroit  nous  le 
dire  chez  nous ;  nous  serions  bien  fachez  que  Narantsuag 
alat  a  Maisfan. 

Letter,  Secry  Willard  to  Gov.  /Shirley. 

Boston  August  20,  1754 

Mr  Shirleys  Journey  gives  me  an  Opportunity  (which  I 
have  not  had  since  I  last  wrote  )  of  Writing  to  your  Excel- 
lency, I  have  been  extreamly  concerned  lest  you  should  want 
a  Quorum  of  the  Council  to  assist  you  in  so  crital  a  Con- 
juncture ;  And  have  strongly  solicited  every  Gentleman  of 
the  Board  that  I  thought  was  in  Circumstances  that  would 


any  way  admit  of  his  going  to  Falmouth,  but  I  found  the 
difficulty  in  a  manner  insuperable :  However,  I  understand 
that  Cpt.  Watts  set  out  for  Falmouth  this  morning  And  I 
hope  He  will  carry  Sir  William  Pepperil  with  him ;  and  if  he 
shd  Your  Excy  will  be  pleased  to  remember  that  he  is  not 
yet  qualified  as  a  Councellor  Cpt.  Chever  ( whom  I  have  been 
for  above  a  Fortnight  past  been  endeavouring  to  get  away ) 
will  I  believe  embark  To  Morrow.  I  herewith  send  your 
Excy  a  Copy  of  a  Letter  I  wrote  to  you  by  one  Cpt.  Killeran, 
lest  any  Accident  should  prevent  his  getting  into  Falmouth. 
I  wish  your  Health  &  further  Success  in  your  Affairs.  I  am 
with  great  Respect 

Sir,  Your  Excellencys  most  obedient  Humble  Servant 

Josiah  Willard 

Letter,  Secry  Willard  to  Gov.  Shirley. 

Boston  Sept.  1st  1754 

This  afternoon  I  received  by  Express  from  Coll.  Israel 
Williams  the  two  inclosed  Letters.  I  presently  procured  a 
Meeting  of  the  Boston  Councellors  who  were  of  Opinion  that 
I  should  write  to  Coll.  Williams  to  let  him  know  their  Mind ; 
viz,  That  he  had  Power  by  Law  to  do  every  thing  he  should 
judge  needful  for  the  Defence  of  His  Majestys  Subjects  in 
those  Parts  &  for  the  Repelling  Pursuing  &  Killing  the 
Enemy,  till  he  should  receive  Your  Excellencys  Orders  in 
this  affair :  &  that  I  shd  immediately  send  these  Letters  by 
Express  to  your  Excy  &  Copies  of  them  to  Governor  Went- 
worth  for  his  Information.  Which  I  shall  accordingly  do. 
I  have  recrt  yre  Exeys  Letter  by  Mr  Shirley  as  also  your 
Power  respecting  Registers  which  I  shall  execute  agreable  to 
your  Intention     I  heartily  sympathize  with  your  Excy  under 


the  sorrowful  Providence  of  your  dear  Daughters  Death.     I 
am  with  great  Respect 

Sir  Your  Excys  most  obedient  Humble  Serv* 

Letter,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Secretary  Willard. 

Falmouth  Casco  Bay  Septr  3d,  1754. 

Finding  it  Necessary  for  the  Publick  Service,  upon  which 
I  came  down  here,  that  I  should  Visit  the  two  Forts  At 
Cushenoc  and  Taconnett  before  I  retur'd  to  Boston,  I  sent 
for  Captain  Sanders  and  imbark'd  on  Board  the  Province 
Sloop  on  Fryday  30th  of  August  Ab*  5  in  the  After  Noon. 
Finish'd  my  buisness  at  those  two  places  and  Arriv'd  at  this 
place  where  I  have  likewise  some  buisness  to  Settle,  Ab1  10 
o'Clock  last  Night,  having  for  the  sake  of  Expedition  pro- 
ceeded from  Taconnett  to  Falmouth  in  the  Castle  Pinnace, 
and  left  the  Sloop  to  follow  me  with  Severall  of  the  Gentle- 
men who  Accompany'd  me  in  this  Town ;  and  I  shall  in  a 
Day  or  Two  after  the  Arrival  of  the  Sloop  be  Able  I  hope  to 
imbark  for  Boston,  where  I  purpose  to  be  by  Monday  or 
Tuesday  Next,  At  Furthest. 

When  I  came  on  Shoar  here,  last  Night  I  mett  an  Express, 
w*11  Maj1'  Freeman  had  Dispatch'd  to  follow  mee  with  Your 
Letters,  to  Taconnett,  upon  the  point  of  putting  off  in  a 
Whale  boat  for  that  purpose ;  But  I  was  so  fatigu'd  and  it 
was  so  late  at  Night,  that  I  could  not  finish  my  Dispatches 
for  the  Boston  Express  before  this  Morning. 

I  extremely  Approve  of  Your  calling  together  the  Mem- 
bers of  his  Majesty's  Councill  Residing  in  Boston  to  Con- 
sider in  my  Absence,  what  steps  ware  proper  to  be  immedi- 
ately taken  upon  Occasion  of  the  late  Hostilities  Mentioned 
in  your  Packet  to  have  been  Committed  by  the  Indians  upon 


the  Western  Frontiers,  and  of  their  Determination  in  the 
Affair,  what  I  have  thought  Necessary  for  me  to  Add  by  way 
of  Directions  to  Colonel  Williams  upon  this  Emergency  is 
contain'd  in  the  inclos'd  Orders  to  him,  which  I  would  have 
you  immediately  communicate  to  such  of  the  Council,  As  Can 
be  forthwith  conven'd  At  Boston ;  And  if  Any  Necessary 
Measures  for  the  immediate  protection  of  the  Western  Fron- 
tier, hath  escaped  my  thoughts,  or  is  not  Sufficiently  pointed 
out  in  the  Orders,  I  desire  the  Council  would  supply  the 
Defect  by  a  letter  to  be  wrote  by  your  Self  in  pursuance  of 
a  Vote  of  Council :  And  transmitt  the  same  by  Express  to 
Colonel  Williams. 

I  have  had  the  pleasure  to  find  from  the  Accounts,  which 
General  Winslow  gave  me  at  Taconnett  of  the  behaviour  of 
the  Norridgwalk  Indians  at  the  March  of  our  Forces  thrd 
Norridgwalk,  and  the  Messges  which  they  have  lately  Sent 
to  him  in  form  by  two  of  their  Deligates,  that  there  is  an 
appearance  of  A  Sincere  Disposition  in  them  to  preserve 
peace  and  good  Terms  with  us ;  And  I  can't  think  there  is 
any  Danger  from  the  Penobscots :  I  beleive  their  Pacific 
Declarations  upon  the  Interview  were  Sincere,  and  that  they 
left  this  place  fully  determin'd  to  Maintain  Friendship  with 

As  to  the  Arseguntecook  Indians  ( Who  I  understand  are 
the  Principal  Actors  in  the  late  Mischief)  Governor  Went- 
worth  had  several  Days  before  I  left  Boston  Acquainted  me, 
that  they  had  then  actually  Committed  Hostilities  within  the 
Province  of  New  Hampshire ;  And  they  would  not  Appear 
at  the  Interview  But  Declared  (as  the  Norridgwalk  Indians 
them  selves  inform'd  me  upon  the  Conference  )  that  the  rea- 
son of  it  was,  that  they  had  not  yet  wip'd  off  the  Blood  of 
the  two  Indians  of  their  Tribe  Kill'd  Abl  a  Year  ago  within 
the  Government  of  Piscataqua,  hower  I  flatter'd  myself  that 
I  had  ingag'd  the  Norridgwalks  and  Penobscots  to  Use  their 


Utmost  Efforts  to  prevent  them  from  doing  further  Mischief. 
To  enter  into  the  detail  of  what  passed  between  me  and  those 
Two  Tribes,  upon  this  Article  At  our  conference  would  take 
up  too  much  time  here. 

I  Design  to  call  upon  them  by  one  express  Transmitted  to 
General  Winslow,  &  another  to  Cap1  Bradbury,  in  a  Strong 
Manner  to  make  good  their  promises  of  puting  an  Effetual 
stop  to  the  Hostilities  of  the  Arsegunticooks,  and  the  other 
Indians  Concern'd  with  them,  or  Instantly  to  furnish  a  Num- 
ber of  their  Young  men  to  be  joyn'd  with  ours,  for  reducing 
those  Indians  to  reason,  in  pursuance  of  their  Treaties  with 
us  in  1726,  &  1749. 

In  doing  of  this  I  shall  Consult  the  Gentlemen  of  the 
Council  and  Act  with  their  Advice,  You  know  what  pains  I 
have  taken  to  keep  a  Quoram  of  them  with  me ;  but  those  I 
have  here  fall  Very  short  of  that  Number. 

I  hope  I  have  by  my  late  Visit  to  Cushenoc  and  to  Tacon- 
nett  Secured  every  thing  to  be  done,  that  can  be,  during  the 
stay  of  any  of  the  Forces  there,  for  the  Advantage  of  the 
Province  and  Answering  the  great  Ends  of  his  Majesty's  Ser- 
vice, which  were  propos'd  by  this  Expedition. 

I  am  Sir,  your  most  Assur'd  Friend  and  Servant 

W  Shirley 
My  Secretary,  Mr  Price  being  left  behind 
me,  to  follow  in  the  Sloop,  I  am  oblig'd 
to  take  up  with  a  worse  Scribe. 
Mr  Secretary  Willard 

Petition  of  Inhabitants  $  Freeholders  of  the  Second  Parish 
in  Falmouth. 

To  his  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esqr  Cap1  Gen1  &  Gov- 
ernour  in  Chief  in  and  over  his  Majesty s  Province  of  the 
Massachusetts  Bay  &  to  the  Honourable  his  Maj18  Council  & 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  311 

ye  Houble  house  of  Representatives  in  &  for  said  Province  — 
The  Humble  Petition  of  the  Subscribers  Inhabitants  & 
freeholders  of  the  Second  Parish  in  Falmouth  Sheweth  — 
That  the  said  Parish  is  of  large  Extent  and  the  Greatest 
Number  of  the  Inhabitants  live  at  Great  Distance  from  the 
place  of  Public  Worship  Some  five,  Some  six,  seven  &  some 
Eight  Miles,  so  that  few  of  the  Persons  in  the  families  are 
able  to  Travel  to  Meeting  —  the  children  have  but  little 
Oppertunity  to  attend  and  have  seldom  any  benefit  by  ye 
Publick  worship  &  there  being  a  sufficient  Number  of  Inhab- 
itants in  said  Parish  to  Maintain  two  Ministers  of  the  Gospel 
the  Inhabitants  who  live  Most  remote  and  heretofore  intended 
to  Petition  to  be  Divided  and  set  off  a  separate  &  distinct 
Parish  &  before  they  did  it  the  Rev'1  Mr  Allen  Minister  of 
the  said  Parish  Died  and  Now  there  is  no  Minister  in  ye  Pal- 
ish —  And  your  Petitioners  Apprehend  that  if  the  Parish 
should  be  divided  it  may  prevent  Much  Difference  about 
Calling  and  Settling  Another  Minister  and  if  divided  yl  each 
Parish  would  more  Easily  Agree  in  the  Calling  and  settling 
Ministers  for  themselves  —  wherefore  your  Petitioners  Hum- 
bly pray  that  your  Excellency  &  Hon18  will  Consider  their 
Case  &  order  ye  Parish  to  be  divided  into  two  Distinct  Par- 
ishes or  Districts,  that  each  may  Provide  for  themselves 
which  will  be  a  Means  to  Preserve  them  in  Quietness  And 
each  parish  better  Accommodated  and  yor  Pet"  shall  pray  &c 
4Ul  Octor  1754 


W1"  Wentworth        Paul  Jemeson  Ju       Stephen  —  Jordan 


Ich  Trundy  Jun       Henry  Jackson  Moses  Hanscom 

Robert  Jameson  Juner  Benjamin  Small  James  Jordan 


Samuel  Condon         James  Abbot  Elisha  X  Dugles 

his  mark 

Moses  M  Hanscom  senior  francis  Maxwell  James  Leach 

mark  his 

Robert  Jordan  alexander  Fauset        John  X  Coffea 

his  mark 

Joh  N  Jordan  Juner  Peter  D  Sholders     George  Welch 



Dominions  Jordan    John  M  Creaght  Robert  Mitchell 

Robert  Jemeson  Sen  Thomas  Jordan  Nathanael  Staple 

Elisha  Bragdon        Joseph  Gam  man  Jeremiah  Jordan 
Nathanael  Jordan     Jeremiah  Jordan  tartus  William  Maxwell 

Jeremiah  Jordan  in  William  Porterfeld  Jos  Calef 

Daniel  Robinson       Vallentin  Munmers  Patrick  Maxwell 

Nathaniel  Jordan  in  Abraham  Briant  James  Jordan  Jim1 

William  Plommer    Sam11  Webb  Joseph  Dingley 

Humphrey  Richards  John  Boswoll  George  Simonton 

Solomon  Jackson      John  Jordan  in  Samuel  Jordan  Ju 

John  Robison  James  Maxwell  Noah  Jordan 

Samuel  Jordan  Edward  Avery  Christopher  Mitchell 

William  Small  John  Trundy  Clement  Jordan 

Richard  Clark  Peter  Starrat  Richar  Jordan 

Patrick  Porterfield  Henry  Mackney 

In  the  House  of  Representatives,  Novemr  13,  1754 

Read  &  Ordered  that  the  pet18  serve  the  s'1  second  parish 
with  this  petition  by  leaving  a  Copy  thereof  with  their  Clerk 
that  they  shew  Cause  (if  any  they  have)  on  the  second 
Thursday  of  the  Next  Sitting  of  the  Court  why  the  prayer 
thereof  should  not  be  granted 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence  T  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  Novemr  14,  1754     Read  &  Concur'd 

Tho8  Clarke  Dp1*  Secry 

Letter,  Lieut.  Jas  Howard  to  Ll  Gov.  Phips 

Fort  Richmond  Ocbr  11th  1754 

May    it   please  your  Excellency    ( Agreeable    to  General 

Winslos  Orders  to  me  )  I  have  taken  the  Command  of  Fort 

Western  But  find    aneedsessity   of   Coming  here  when  the 

Indians  Com  to  Trade  ( Which  is  But  Seldom )  those  that 


Com  here  tell  me  that  there  is  several  of  the  Naridgwalk 
Indians  gone  to  Canada  and  When  they  Left  naridgwalk 
they  Intended  To  Joyn  the  Arsegonticooks,  to  Commit  hos- 
tilities on  our  fronteers  to  the  Westward,  I  intend  to  spend 
part  of  my  time  here  and  part  at  Fort  Westren  till  finder 
orders  from  your  Exellency  (or  till  Capt:  Lithgows  Return 
From  Boston)  But  alwise  will  keep  one  of  my  sons  ther 
and  the  other  here  which  is  Carefull  young  men  and  well 
Aquainted  with  Garison  affaires,  till  your  Exellency  pleas  to 
order  otherwise  — 

I  have  sent  your  Exellency  a  barrel  of  potatoes  per  this 
Bearer  Cap1  McFadien  which  I  pray  your  Exellency  to  Exept 

your  most  dutifull  most  obedient  and  humble  servant 

James  Howard 

Petition  of  Joseph  Planted  Admr 

To  his  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esqr  Captain  General 
and  Governour  in  chief  in  and  over  his  Majesties  Province  of 
the  Massachusetts  Bay  &  to  the  lIon,,le  his  MajtB  Council  and 
House  of  Representatives  for  said  Province  in  Gen11  Court 
assembled  October  16,  1754 

The  Petition  of  Joseph  Plaisted  of  York  in  the  County  of 
York,  yeoman  Administrator  of  the  Estate  of  Joseph  Plaisted 
late  of  said  York  Esqr  Dec'1 
Humbly  Sheweth, 

That  in  Janry  1750,  the  said  Joseph  Plaisted  Esq1  being 
Sheriff  of  said  County  of  York  One  Stephen  Peirce  of  York 
aforesaid  Cordwainer  was  arrested  &  Comitted  to  ye  Goal  of 
said  County  in  York  by  Virtue  of  A  writ  of  Attachment  at 
the  suit  of  Sam11  Walton  of  Sumersworth  in  New  Hampshire 
Gen1  for  one  hundred  Pounds  Old  Tenor  due  by  a  note  of 


hand  which  writ  was  returnable  at  the  Infer1"  Court  of  Com- 
mon pleas  held  at  York  aforesd  on  the  first  Tuesday  of  April 
1751,  at  which  Court  in  April  1751  the  said  Sam11  Walton 
upon  said  writ  recovered  Judgment  against  ye  said  Stephen 
Peirce  for  ye  sum  of  X13.G.8  Lawfull  money  Damages  &  One 
Pound  10/2  for  cost  &  had  Execut"  upon  said  Judgm1  which 
was  return*1  in  no  part  satisfyed  —  But  before  the  sitting  of 
ye  Court  into  which  the  said  writ  of  Attachment  was  return- 
able the  said  Stephen  with  the  assistance  of  some  Evil  Minded 
Persons  Broke  through  the  Stone  wall  of  the  Prison  took  out 
the  Iron  Grate  of  the  window  in  the  Night  time  About  ye 
20th  of  March  1750/51  &  he  the  said  Stephen  (together  with 
another  Prisoner  Committed  there  for  fellony )  Escaped  from 
the  said  Goal  Against  the  will  of  the  said  Joseph  Plaisted 
the  Sheriff  and  Could  not  be  recovered  Notwithstanding  the 
said  Sheriff  used  his  utmost  Endeavours  to  retake  him  — 
After  the  return  of  the  Execution  aforesaid  Namely  on  ye 
20th  day  of  December  1751  the  said  Sam11  Walton  Purchased 
A  writ  Against  ye  said  Joseph  Plaisted  Esq1-  then  Sheriff  of 
said  County  of  York  &  Caused  ye  same  to  be  served  return- 
able at  the  Inferr  Court  of  Common  Pleas  at  York  in  Janry 
1652,  to  recover  against  the  said  Sheriff  ye  aforementioned 
damages  &  Cost  at  which  Court  Judgm*  was  rendered  for  ye 
said  Sheriff  to  recover  Against  ye  said  Sam11  Walton  cost  & 
Said  Walton  Appealed  to  ye  Super1  Court  of  Judicature  held 
at  York  for  said  County  in  June  1752  &  upon  that  appeal 
the  said  Sam11  Walton  recovered  Judgment  Against  ye  said 
Joseph  Plaisted  Esqr  for  ye  sum  of  £  15.4.2  damages  &  Cost 
£5.8.3,  at  which  Judgment  the  said  Joseph  Plaisted  Esq1 
thinking  himself  Greatly  wronged  And  Injured  for  that  the 
Escape  of  the  said  Stephen  was  Not  a  Voluntary  Escape  as 
to  ye  Sheriff  Nor  a  Negligent  Escape  but  by  and  with  the 
Assistance  of  others  to  ye  Sheriff  unknown  who  with  force 
and  Strong    hand  in  Riotous  manner    in    the    Night    brake 


through  the  Prison  wall  by  means  whereof  ye  said  Stephen 
Escaped  and  not  by  or  with  ye  will  or  Negligence  of  ye  Sher- 
iff and  for  which  the  said  Sheriff  Humbly  Conceived  he  was 
Not  Answerable  or  liable  by  Law  to  make  Good  the  Damages 
Any  More  than  he  was  Obliged  to  build  A  Goal  at  his  own 
Cost  and  thereupon  with  ye  leave  of  the  HonWe  Supr  Court 
Pursuant  to  Law  gave  Bond  to  review  the  said  Action  at  the 
then  Next  Superr  Court  of  Judicature  to  be  held  at  York  for 
said  County  soon  after  which  he  was  taken  sick  &  Languished 
untill  about  ye  25  August  1752  when  the  said  Joseph  Plaisted 
Es<jr  Dyed  not  having  served  a  writ  of  review  of  that  ease 
for  want  of  opportunity  and  afterwards  Namely  about  ye 
begining  of  January  1754,  the  said  Sam11  Walton  Dyed  the 
said  Judgment  not  being  Satisfied  nor  the  action  reviewed 
Since  which  ye  Admrs  of  the  said  Sam11  Walton  have  claimed 
of  your  Petitioner  Admr  of  Jos:  Plaisted  Esqr  dec'1  y'  sums 
recovered  by  said  Judgm1  which  your  Petitioner  thinks  he 
Ought  Not  to  be  Obliged  to  pay  — 

your  Petitioner  prays  leave  further  to  observe  that  since 
the  death  of  the  said  Joseph  Plaisted  Esqr  your  Petitioner 
for  Preventing  of  any  farther  Cost  or  Trouble  about  ye  Case 
apply'd  to  ye  Court  of  Gen11  Sessions  of  the  Peace  for  said 
County  held  at  York  on  ye  first  Tuesday  of  April  1753. 
Shewing  forth  the  Premisses  that  the  said  Escape  was  through 
the  Insufficiency  of  the  Goal  praying  that  the  said  Court 
would  Order  satisfaction  to  be  made  out  of  the  County  Treas- 
ury —  but  they  refused  to  Do  it  — 

So  your  Petitioner  is  without  remedy  unless  aided  by  this 
Honble  Court  about  and  Concerning  the  Premisses  —  The 
Adminr8  of  said  Waltons  Estate  live  in  New  Hampshire  can 
Impower  Attorneys  in  any  part  of  this  Government  to  sue 
upon  that  Judgment  &  your  Petitioner  Can't  bring  a  writ  of 
review  or  if  he  Could  Purchase  such  a  writ  cannot  git  it 
served  because  the  Party  against  whom  it  must  be  brought 


is  Not  an  Inhabitant  or  Resident  in  this  Province  —  the  Case 
is  shut  up  against  the  Estate  of  said  Joseph  Plaisted  Esq* 
Dec'1  without  having  the  liberty  of  such  Tryals  as  ye  law- 
allows  others  to  have  and  this  Not  from  any  fault  or  neglect 
on  ye  part  of  said  Sheriff  or  his  Adminr  — 

Wherefore  your  Petitioner  humbly  prays  that  he  may  be 
Enabled  by  the  Authority  of  this  HonbIe  Court  to  have  his 
remedy  Either  Against  the  County  Treasury  for  all  his  Dam- 
ages and  Costs  or  that  he  may  be  Enabled  to  Review  the 
aforesaid  Action  to  reverse  the  said  Judgment  of  ye  Super1 
Court  in  June  1752  Against  the  Adminrs  of  said  Waltons 
Estate  and  that  your  Petitioner  may  not  be  in  any  Manner 
Obliged  to  pay  the  sums  in  said  Judgment  mentioned  untill 
he  shall  have  Reasonable  Opportunity  to  have  a  Trial  upon 
a  Writ  of  review  —  or  that  he  may  have  such  other  relief  in 
the  Premisses  as  to  this  Honble  Court  in  their  Great  wisdom 
and  Justice  shall  seem  meet  —  and  your  Petit1-  as  in  duty 
bound  shall  ever  pray. 

Joseph  Plaisted  Administrator 

In  the  House  of  Representatives  Novr  14,  1754. 

Read  &  Ordered  that  the  petr  serve  the  adverse  party  viz 
the  administrator  of  Samuel  Walton  decd  with  a  Copy  of  the 
Petition  that  he  shew  cause  ( if  any  he  have )  on  the  first 
friday  of  the  next  sitting  of  the  Court  why  the  prayer 
thereof  should  not  be  granted. 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence  T.  Hubbard  Spk1 

In  Council,  Nov1  15,  1754.     Read  &  Concur'd 

Tho8  Clarke  Dp1?  Secry 

In  Council  Feby  12,  1755  Read  again  together  with  the 
Answer  of  the  Executors  of  Sam1  Walton  decd  &  Ordered 
that  John  Greenleaf  &  Benja  Lincoln  Esq18  with  such  as  the 
honble  House  shall  join  be  a  Comtee  to  consider  this  Petn  hear 

OF   THE    STATE   OF    MAINE  317 

the  Parties  &  report  what  they  judge  proper  for  this  Court 

to  do  thereon  —     Sent  down  for  Concurrence 

by  Ordr  of  the  Board 

J  Osborne 

In  the  House  of  Represent  Feby  12,  1755. 

Read  &  Concurred  &  Col.  Hale  Mr  Bradbury  &  Mr  Niles 

are  Joined  in  the  Affair. 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

Petition  of  Ichabod  Goodwin  §■  Hannah  Ayer  Admors 

Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To  his  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esq1  Captain  General, 
Governour  in  Chief  in  &  over  said  Province,  The  Honble  his 
Majestys  Council  &  House  of  Repve8  in  Gen1  Court  assembled 
October  17th  1754 

The  Petition  of  Ichabod  Goodwin  &  Hannah   Ayer  (late 
Hannah  Scammon)  Admors  of  the  Estate  of  James  Scammon 
late  of  Biddel'ord  deced  Intestate 
Humbly  Shew 

That  the  Estate  of  said  Intestate  is  Represented  Insolvent, 
;is  appears  by  the  Certificate  annexed.  Wherefore  the  Pet" 
humbly  pray  Your  Excellency  &  Honours  would  be  pleas'd 
to  Authorize  &  Impower  them  in  their  said  Capacity  to  Sill 
the  whole  of  said  Intestates  Real  Estate,  in  order  to  pay  & 
Discharge  the  Debts  owing  from  said  Estate  as  far  as  the 
same  will  extend,  and  yr  Pet'8  (as  in  duty  bound)  will  pray 
Ichabod  Goodwin  for  Self  &  Ayer. 

Whiscasett  Petition.  Oct.  17,  1751/.. 

Prov.  of  the  Massachusets  Bay 

To  his  Excellency  Wm  Shirley  Esqr  Cap1  General  &  Govr 
in  Chief  &c  To  the  honble  Council  &  House  of  Repre- 
sentatives in  General  Court  assembled 


The  Memorial  of  us  the  Subscribers  Inhabitants  of 
Whiscasett  &  Mounsweg  Bay  at  the  Eastward  part  of  the 

Humbly  Sheweth 

That  with  great  Labour  &  Expence  we  have  subdued  & 
Cultivated  our  Lands,  have  increased  in  Number,  so  as  to 
stand  it  out  against  the  Enemy  the  Last  ware  ;  have  had  a 
Minister  Preaching  with  us  for  more  than  five  Years  last 
past,  have  assisted  him  Acording  to  our  Ability,  in  building 
him  an  house  &  Should  have  setled  him  among  us,  but  that 
of  Late  a  number  of  Gentlemen  calling  themselves  by  the 
Name  of  the  Proprietors  of  the  Plymouth  Purchase,  have 
claimed  our  lands  &  by  their  Agent  Samuel  Goodwin  Partly 
by  Promises  &  Partly  by  Thretnings,  have  Prevailed  on  a 
considerable  Number  of  the  Inhabitants  (without  the  least 
Pretence  of  Right  as  we  Concive)  to  take  up  under  them, 
So  that  we  are  thrown  into  great  Confusion  &  Disorder  & 
notwithstanding  the  Proprietors,  we  hold  under,  have 
assigned  Three  Publick  Rights  in  the  town  one  of  which  was 
for  a  Meeting  House  to  be  set  upon  &  by  their  Help  & 
Assistances  we  Should  before  now  have  proceded  to  build 
one  but  We  are  prevented  by  the  sd  Goodwins  perswations 
on  a  Number  not  to  go  foward  with  it,  but  to  joyn  with 
Frankfort  in  making  one  town  which  he  Hatters  them  with 
the  Notion  of  its  being  the  Shire  Town,  upon  the  Dividing 
the  County  &  hath  prevailed  on  Sundrey  of  the  Inhabitants 
to  sign  a  Petition  to  the  Great  &  Gen1  Court  for  this  pur- 
pose which  should  it  be  Granted  will  entirely  destroy  this 
Settlement  (perhaps,  the  best  below  Casco  Bay  to  the  East- 
ward) as  it  will  expose  us  much  even  to  our  Indian  Enemys 
&  we  be  Altogather  without  a  Minister :  Besides  this  there 
can  be  no  Reason  for  it  as  there  is  Land  Enough  to  make 
two  Large  handsome  Townships  &  Whiscaset  hath  at  present 
upwards  of  Seventy  famelys  and  lays  as  compleat  as  most 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  319 

places  for  either  a  Town  or  a  District.  We  have  all  along 
been  desireous  of  haveing  the  Gospell  setled  among  us  &  for 
that  End  have  chearfully  expended  of  our  Substance  for  the 
Support  of  it  being  perswaded  that  Religion  lays  the 
Foundation  of  all  other  Happiness,  we  have  for  a  Consider- 
able time  had  a  Minister  with  us,  who  has  Cherefully 
Submitted  to  the  hardships  of  a  place  just  beginning,  in 
Common  with  ourselves  in  hopes  that  by  &  by,  he  should 
fare  better,  for  this  end  he  hath  joyned  us  once  &  again  in 
Petationing  the  Gr*  &  Generall  Court  to  be  erected  into  a 
Town  or  District  in  Order  to  Preserve  the  Rules  of  Morality 
&  Religion  amongst  us  &  More  especialy  the  due  Observation 
of  the  Lords  day  which  for  want  thereof  is  Shamefully 
Neglected  but  if  we  should  after  all  be  United  with  Frank- 
fort all  these  good  Purposes  must  be  Defeated  &  Whiscasett 

We  therefore  most  earnestly  intreat  Your  Exce1  & 
Honours  to  take  these  our  distressed  Circumstances  into 
Your  most  wise  Consideration  &  if  it  be  agreable  to  Your 
Wisdom  &  Goodness  that  you  would  be  pleased  to  form  us 
into  a  Town  or  District  agreable  to  our  former  Petition  & 
Plan  now  lying  before  this  Honbl('  Court,  whereby  we  appre- 
hend your  best  Purposes  respecting  ourselves  as  well  as  the 
Community  will  be  Answered  but  the  Contrary  (we  fear) 
will  be  our  Ruin  —  and  as  in  Duty  bound  shall  ever  pray 
Joha"  Williamson       Frances  Gray  Robert  H 

John  Bladgdon  Timothy  Dunton        Thomas  Murfey 

Lemuel  Norton  Richard  Greenlif         Michall  Seney 

John  Perce  Jacob  Metcalf  Thomas  McKenney 

Job  Averell  Ebnezer  Gous  Israel  Averell 

Joseph  tayler  David  Danford  Samuell  Greenlif 

Thomas  Williamson  John  Rowell  Joshua  Sylvester 

Patrick  Bryant  Richard    Flolbrook     William  Clark 

Joseph  Young  William  Cliford         Isaac  Young 


Samuel  Trask  Juiir     Sam11  Kincaid  Henery  Slooman 

John  Gray  Israel  Honowell         Elisha  Kenney 

John  Alley  Samuell  Barlo  John  Kinnicon 


We  whose  names  are  Underwritten  being  over  Perswaded 
by  the  Insenuations  of  Sam11  Goodin  to  Sighn  a  Petation  to 
be  Joyned  with  Frankford  not  Duly  Considering  the  111 
Efects  that  would  Attend  it.  Desire  y*  the  Prayer  of  that 
Petation  may  not  be  Granted 

Obediah  Allbee  William  Boyinton      Robert  Lambert 

Sam11  Chapman 


37         41  In  all. 

Speech  Oct.  18,   1754. 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council,  &  House  of  Representatives 
1  In  Compliance  with  the  request  of  the  late  Assembly 
contain'd  in  the  Message  of  both  Houses  to  me  on  the  9th  of 
April  last  and  your  own  Vote  pass'd  in  the  May  Session 
following,  I  caus'd  Eight  hundred  men  to  be  rais'd  for  the 
Services  therein  mention'd,  and  soon  after  the  rising  of  this 
Court  imbark'd,  in  company  with  them,  for  Falmouth  in 
Casco-Bay,  where  I  had  separate  Interviews  and  Conferencee 
with  the  Norridgwalk  &  Penobscott  Indians;  After  the 
former  of  these  was  finish'd  I  caus'd  the  forces  &  Workmen 
to  proceed  to  the  River  Kennebeck  for  building  a  New  Fort 
there  above  that  at  Richmond,  with  orders  for  a  Detachment 
of  five  hundred  of  the  former  to  march  to  the  Head  of  that 
River,  and  the  great  Carrying-place  between  that  and  the 
River  Chaudiere,  and  to  remove  any  French  Settlements 
which  might  be  found  and  took,  as  much  as  was  possible,  the 
Execution  of  these  several  Matters  under  my  immediate  care 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  321 

and   Direction,    according   to   the   particular  Desire    of  the 
Assembly  express 'd  in  the  beforemention'd  Message  to  me. 

2  You  are  already,  Gentlemen,  fully  acquainted  from  the 
Printed  Copies  of  the  Journal  of  my  Proceedings  at  Fal- 
mouth before  and  at  the  time  of  the  two  Conferences  ( which 
for  saving  Your  time  at  this  Session  I  order'd  to  be  print'd 
&  distributed  among  You  for  your  perusal  during  the  Recess 
of  the  Court)  with  the  Intelligence,  I  reciev'd  soon  after  my 
Arrival  there,  of  the  Practices  of  the  French  Jesuit  of  the 
Penobscott  Indians  for  preventing  that  Tribe,  and  the  Nor- 
ridgwalks  from  meeting  me,  and  the  Influence,  his  Artifices 
had  upon  the  Penobscotts ;  as  also  of  the  feign'd  Letter 
written  by  him  in  the  Name  of  that  Tribe  to  the  Governour 
of  Canada  with  a  view  of  exciting  him  to  send  Forces  to 
oppose  the  march  of  our  Troops,  on  pretence  of  their  being 
sent  to  dispossess  the  Indians  of  their  Lands ;  &  likewise 
with  the  Particulars  and  Result  of  the  two  Conferences,  I 
had  with  the  Norridgwalk  &  Penobscots,  and  the  Reason 
why  I  chose  to  speak  with  those  Tribes  separately  :  I  shall 
therefore  refer  you  for  an  Ace*  of  these  matters  to  that 

3  The  Place,  which  I  pitched  upon  for  erecting  the  new 
Fort  and  for  my  better  Information  caus'd  to  be  Survey'd, 
together  with  the  Navigation  of  the  River  between  that  & 
Richmond,  as  also  the  Lands  adjacent,  and  to  have  a  Plan 
taken  of  it,  before  I  left  Boston,  is  a  Fork  or  Point  of  Land 
form'd  by  the  Meeting  of  the  Rivers  Kennebeck  &  Sebastoo- 
cook,  the  latter  of  which  empties  itself  into  the  former  at  the 
distance  of  abl  three  quarters  of  a  Mile  from  the  falls  at 

4  This  Spot,  which  is  thirty-seven  Miles  higher  up  the 
River  Kennebeck  than  the  old  Fort  at  Richmond,  &  the 
utmost  extent,  to  which  it  was  adviseably  or  safe  to  carry  a 
fort  up  that  River  at  first,  is  computed  to  be  not  quite  fifty 



miles  distant  from  Penobscott,  and,  as  measured  by  the 
Chain  &  Compass,  is  not  more  than  thirty-one  from  Norridg- 
walk  by  Water,  and  twenty-two  by  Land,  and  is  on  many 
Acct8  the  most  advantageous  one  for  the  situation  of  a  Fort, 
between  that  &  Richmond. 

The  only  known  Communication,  which  the  Penobscotts 
have  with  the  River  Kennebeck  &  Norridgwalk  Indians 
Inhabiting  it,  is  thr6  the  River  Sebastoocook,  by  means  of  a 
Carrying-Place  which  they  cross  within  ten  Rods  Distance 
from  Taconnett  Falls ;  and  their  most  Commodious  Passage 
from  Penobscott  to  Quebec  lies  thro  Kennebeck  to  the  River 
Chaudiere  ;  so  that  a  fort  situated  here  not  only  cuts  off  the 
communication  of  the  Penobscotts  with  the  Norridgwalks, 
but  with  Quebec  likewise,  through  their  easiest  Route  to  it ; 
and,  as  it  stands  at  a  convenient  distance  for  making  a 
sudden  &  easy  Descent  upon  their  Head  Quarters,  is  as 
strong  a  Curb  upon  their  Tribe,  as  it  is  upon  that  of  the 

6  But  as  the  River  Kennebeck  is  not  Navigable  for 
Sloops  beyond  Cushenock,  and  the  Navigation  between  that 
and  Taconnett,  being  eighteen  Miles,  is  for  much  the  greatest 
Part  of  it  so  incumber'd  with  Shoals  &  Rocks  and  strong 
Currents  occasioned  by  frequent  falls,  that  the  Transporta- 
tion of  Bulkey  &  Heavy  Stores  is  impracticable ;  unless 
perhaps  in  the  Time  of  the  Freshetts ;  not  only  the  Carrying 
up  a  Fort  as  high  as  Tacconnett,  but  the  supporting  it  when 
built,  appear'd  to  be  attended  with  insurperable  Difficulties, 
unless  a  large  Defensible  Store-house  should  be  built  at 
Cushenoc  to  lodge  the  Province  Stores  at  in  their  Passage  to 

6  To  Remedy  this,  the  proprietors  of  some  Lands  upon 
Kennebeck  River,  commonly  call'd  the  Plymouth  Company, 
made  me  an  Offer,  that  if  I  would  cause  the  intended  Fort 
to   be    erected  at  Taconnett,  they  would  at  their  Expence 


build  at  or  near  Cushenoc,  as  I  should  order  a  House  of 
Hewen  Timber  not  less  then  ten  Inches  thick,  one  hundred 
feet  long,  thirty-two  wide,  sixteen  high,  for  the  reception  of 
the  Province's  Stores,  with  Conveniences  for  Lodging  of  the 
Soldiers,  who  may  be  placed  there  by  the  Government;  and 
would  Picket  it  in  at  thirty  Feet  distance  from  every  Part  of 
the  House,  and  build  a  Block  house  of  24  feet  Square  at  two 
of  the  opposite  Angles  to  be  mounted  with  four  Cannon, 
agreeable  to  a  Plan  ready  to  be  exhibited  when  it  should  be 
call'd  for ;  the  Governm1  to  protect  the  people  while  employ'd 
in  building  the  said  House  :  wch  Vote  &  Plan  shall  be  com- 
municated to  you. 

7  This  Offer  I  readily  accepted  for  the  province  ;  and 
that  Company  hath  built  a  fortify'd  Store  house  at  Cushenoc 
according  to  the  said  Plan,  which  will  not  only  serve  to 
lodge  the  publick  Stores  in,  but  add  to  the  Defence  and  Pro- 
tection of  the  River,  &  greatly  incourage  Settlements  upon 
it :  and  to  make  it  still  more  beneficial,  I  have  caus'd  a  Road 
of  Communication  between  Cushenoc  and  Taconnett  to  be 
clear'd  for  Wheel  Carriages,  whereby  the  Transportation  of 
Stores  by  Land  from  Fort  Western  at  the  former  to  fort 
Halifax  at  the  latter,  in  the  space  of  one  day,  will  be  render'd 
practicable,  and  the  want  of  a  convenient  carriage  by  water 

8  A  Plan  of  Fort  Halifax  Gentlemen  shall  be  likewise 
lay'd  before  you  :  It  is  capable  of  entertaining  four  hundred 
men,  and  being  Garrison'd  with  an  hundred  is  of  sufficient 
Strength  to  withstand  any  Assault  wch  may  be  reasonably 
expected  to  be  made  upon  it,  either  by  Indians  or  French 
with  Small  Arms. 

9  As  it  is  over  look'd  by  an  Eminence  from  behind 
within  Cannon  Shot,  I  should  have  chosen  &  had  sent  orders 
to  have  it  plac'd  there ;  But  finding  upon  Examination  that 
the  Carriage  of  Stone  sufficient  for  the  foundation  of  a  fort 


of  the  Dimentions  at  first  projected  up  to  that  Spot,  with 
three  Teams  of  Oxen,  would  have  taken  up  above  five 
months,  or  that  it  could  not  have  been  compleated  before 
next  Summer  would  be  far  advanc'd ;  that  one  erected  there 
would  have  cost  above  double  the  Expence  of  the  present 
fortification  ;  and  considering  the  difficulty  wch  the  French 
must  have  to  transport  Cannon  or  Mortars  by  land  to 
Attack  it,  there  is  but  little  danger  of  their  Attempting  to 
do  that  soon ;  I  order'd  Major  General  Winslow  to  proceed 
in  Carrying  on  the  fort  upon  the  point  of  Land,  where  it  is 
now  built,  and  which  had  been  at  first  unanimously  fix'd 
upon  by  himself  &  his  principal  Officers  in  a  Council  of  War 
as  the  best  platt  for  the  situation  of  it  near  Taconnett ;  And 
I  doubt  not  but  it  will  effectually  Answer  the  Service  for 
which  it  is  design'd  in  every  respect. 

10  In  the  mean  time,  to  secure  it  against  a  Surprize  of 
this  kind,  I  have  caus'd  a  strong  redoubt  of  20  feet  square 
in  the  second  Story,  picketted  round,  to  be  built  upon  that 
part  of  the  Eminence  wch  over  look  the  Country  round,  and 
tho  at  present  mounted  with  only  two  small  Cannon  of  two 
pounds  ball  each,  and  Swivel  Gun,  and  Garrison'd  with  a 
Serjeants  guard  of  12  Men,  is  made  capable  of  mounting 
upon  occasion  five  large  Cannon,  and  holding  fifty  men. 

11  The  March  from  Taconnett  was  perform'd  by  500 
Men  on  both  sides  the  River  Kemiebeck  up  to  the  great 
Carrying-Place  at  the  Head  of  it,  and  as  far  as  the  first  Pond 
upon  that  wch  is  computed  by  the  Indians  to  be  half  way 
over  it ;  to  wch  Bounds  I  thought  it  most  adviseable  to  limit 
the  March :  it  was  seventy  five  miles  in  length,  and  in  going 
from  Taconnett  took  up  ten  Days  &  a  half  but  the  return 
from  the  head  of  the  Pond  to  Taconnett  was  perform'd  in 
four  Days  &  a  half :  In  this  March  the  Country  and  River 
was  measur'd  &  Survey'd  by  Chain  &  Compass  and  a  Plan 
taken  of  it,  which  I  shall  order  the  Secretary  to  lay  before 


12  No  signs  of  any  French  Settlement  were  found: 
However  I  can't  but  think,  Gentlemen,  for  several  Reasons 
that  the  Information  given  us  by  the  Indians  concerning 
that  Matter  was  founded  upon  what  they  had  heard  the 
French  declare,  they  had  a  design  to  do,  and  ( it  seems  very 
probable )  would  have  attempted  before  now,  if  they  had  not 
been  hinder' d  by  having  so  much  Business  upon  their  hands 
in  the  Ohio. 

13  As  many  unforeseen  Events  might  happen  in  the 
course  of  this  Expedition,  which  would  require  further 
immediate  support,  &  fresh  orders  to  be  sent,  It  seem'd  to 
me  requisite  that  I  should  remain  as  near  at  hand,  as  might 
be  to  provide  for  all  Emergencies ;  especially  as  it  was 
impracticable  to  prevent  intelligence  from  being  carry'd  to 
the  Governour  of  Canada,  of  all  our  motions,  &  the  Strength 
of  our  Forces  ;  and  a  report  of  Warr's  having  been  lately 
declar'd  in  England  agl  France  prevail'd  at  that  time :  I 
therefore  propos'd  this  for  the  consideration  of  his  Majesty's 
Council  then  with  me  at  Falmouth;  who  Unanimously 
Advised  "  that  I  should  remain  at  Falmouth  until  the 
"  Troops  should  return  from  their  March,  and  as  long  after 
"  as  I  should  judge,  his  Majy*  service  requir'd  my  stay,  upon 
"  the  advices  I  should  recieve  from  Major  General  Winslow." 

14.  This  Gentlemen,  was  agreeable  to  the  late  Assem- 
bly's request  to  me,  that  I  would  make  a  Voyage  to  the 
Eastern  parts,  &  then  take  the  immediate  care  &  direction  of 
these  Affairs  upon  me ;  Wherefore  I  determin'd  to  stay  at 
Falmouth  &  retain  a  Quorum  of  his  Majy8  Council  to 
Assist  me  with  their  Advice  in  all  cases  which  might  require 
it :  and  for  maintaining  as  constant  &  expeditious  a  corre- 
spondence with  the  General  &  Officers  of  the  Forts  upon  the 
River  Kennebeck  as  was  possible,  I  settled  a  Route  for 
Expresses  by  Whale  boats  to  be  continually  passing  & 
repassing  between  Falmouth  &  Taconnett  upon  all  needful 


occasions,  by  which  means  I  might  recieve  Dispatches  from 
Fort  Halifax  in  about  Twenty  hours,  and  return  my  orders 
thither  in  twenty  four :  How  necessary  this  was  to  be  done, 
the  frequent  Dispatches,  which  pass'd  between  me  and  the 
General,  and  in  his  absence  between  me  and  Major  Fry 
shew'd  us  more  &  more :  The  service  of  the  Expedition 
must  have  been  at  least  much  retarded,  and  attended  with 
more  considerable  Expence,  if  not  insuperable  difficulties,  in 
some  material  parts,  without  it ;  and  after  all  this  ;  and  the 
Opportunity,  I  had  of  conferring  with  the  General  at  Fal- 
mouth soon  after  his  return  from  the  March,  I  found  it 
necessary  for  me  in  order  to  secure  in  the  most  effectual 
manner  the  Execution  of  some  principal  parts  of  the  Service, 
to  make  a  Visit  to  Fort  Western  &  Fort  Halifax  which  I 
did : —  I  think  every  thing  which  could  be  propos'd  to  be 
done  within  the  time  for  wch  the  Troops  were  rais'd,  is 
executed  in  the  best  manner  it  can  be  expected. 

15  The  General's  Journal  Gentlemen  of  the  proceedings 
from  the  day  of  the  Troops  sailing  from  Casco  Bay,  being 
the  4th  of  July  to  the  time  of  their  landing  at  Cushenoc  and 
his  ace4  of  their  proceedings  afterwards  to  the  end  of  them, 
and  of  the  state  in  wch  he  left  Fort  Halifax  contain 'd  in  his 
letter  to  me  dated  the  218t  of  Septemr  ( Copies  of  both  which 
the  Secretary  shall  lay  before  you )  will  I  am  pers waded, 
satisfy  you  how  well  the  Troops  employ'd  their  time  : 

I  should  not  do  Justice  to  the  Officers  in  general,  if  I  did 
not  express  to  you  my  Approbation  of  their  Behaviour  in  the 
whole  Course  of  the  Service :  But  the  extraordinary  Vig- 
ilance, Activity,  and  good  Conduct  of  the  Chief  Commander 
in  every  part  of  his  Command,  and  of  his  principal  Officers, 
in  performing  the  several  Parts  of  their  Duty  under  him  ; 
particularly  in  the  Transportation  of  the  Cannon  &  Military 
Stores  from  Cushenoc  to  Taconnet,  and  the  March  from 
thence  to  the  Middle  of  the  Carrying-place,  and  back  to  Fort 
Halifax,  merit  an  especial  Regard. 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  327 

16  As  to  the  nine  Days  which  the  Troops  remain'd 
incamp'd  on  Bang's  Island  from  the  Time  of  their  Arrival  at 
Casco-Bay,  to  the  Day  of  their  Imbarkation  to  Kennebeck ; 
I  did  not  think  it  proper  that  they  should  proceed  to  execute 
any  Part  of  the  intended  Service,  before  I  had  finish'd  the 
Conference  with  the  Norridgwalk  Indians  : —  Tho  I  had 
determin'd  to  have  the  march  made  to  the  Head  of  Kenne- 
beck River  and  half-way  over  the  Carrying-place,  and  to 
have  Forts  erected  at  Cushenoc  &  Taconnett,  whether  they 
gave  their  Consent  or  not ;  yet  that  might  have  given  them 
or  the  French  too  much  colour  to  have  tax'd  us  with  Steal- 
ing an  Opportunity  to  march  thrd  the  Country  of  the  Nor- 
ridgwalks,  &  build  Forts  upon  the  Kennebeck  whilst  we  had 
drawn  them  to  Falmouth,  and  engag'd  them  in  a  Treaty 
with  us  there :  such  a  Reproach  would  have  ill  suited  the 
Honour  of  this  Governm1 ;  whereas  now  we  have  obtain'd 
their  declar'd  Consent  in  a  formal  Treaty,  not  only  to  our 
doing  this,  but  to  the  making  new  Settlem18  upon  the  River  ; 
to  all  wch  they  were  ever  before,  and  even  at  the  beginning 
of  the  late  Conference,  greatly  averse :  and  besides,  I  am 
perswaded  that  this  Appearance  of  the  Troops  at  Casco  con- 
tributed not  a  little  to  our  gaining  this  Consent  from  them. 

17  In  Effecting  these  Services,  Gentlemen,  I  have  been 
as  good  an  Husband  for  the  Province  as  I  could  without 
hazarding  the  Success  of  them  by  an  ill  tim'd  parsimony  :  I 
dismiss'd  the  Ships  wch  was  taken  up  to  carry  me  and  such 
of  the  Gentlemen  of  both  Houses,  as  thought  fit  to  accom- 
pany me  to  Falmouth  and  Attend  the  Conferences  there 
with  the  Indians,  as  soon  as  it  had  carry'd  those  Gentlemen 
back  to  Boston,  and  brought  others  to  his  Majys  Council  to 
Falmouth;  and  equal  Care  was  taken  in  dismissing  the 
Transports  after  the  Soldiers  were  landed  at  Cushenoc,  no 
more  of  which  were  retain'd  than  what  it  was  judg'd 
necessary  to  remain  there  for  receiving  the  Supplies  of  the 


Provisions  and  other  Stores  for  the  Troops  and  Materials  for 
building  Fort  Halifax;  the  Troops  were  likewise  Discharg'd 
from  time  to  time  as  soon  as  ever  the  Service  would  admit 
it;  and  although  the  Expence  of  this  Expedition  will  exceed 
the  Sum,  which  was  at  first  rais'd  for  the  Service  of  it,  yet  I 
hope  the  good  Fruits  of  it  will  make  the  Province  a  con- 
siderable Gainer  by  it  in  the  end. 

18  Though  the  Troops,  Gentlemen,  found  no  French 
Settlement  to  be  removed ;  yet  by  their  late  march  on  both 
sides  the  River  Kennebeck  to  the  Head  of  it  and  the  first 
Pond  on  the  Carrying-Place ;  you  have  probably  prevented 
them  from  Attempts  to  make  one  there ;  and  gain'd  the 
knowledge  of  a  River  &  Country,  which  it  behov'd  you  as 
nearly  to  be  acquainted  with,  as  perhaps  any  other  River  in 
the  Province,  and  of  which  you  knew  very  little  before, 
higher  up  than  Richmond  Fort :  and  by  these  means  and  the 
building  of  fort  Halifax  you  have  made  a  considerable  pro- 
gress towards  opening  the  most  easy  &  short  Passage  of  any 
in  New  England  to  Quebeck  by  the  River  Chaudiere,  and 
may  by  another  easy  advance  up  the  Kennebeck  make  your- 
selves so  far  Masters  of  the  principal  pass  to  Canada,  as  to 
have  it  in  your  power  not  only  to  break  up  the  French 
Settlemts  upon  the  Chaudiere  But  to  make  a  sudden  Descent 
upon  Quebec  it  self,  with  a  Stronger  Force  than  the 
Canadeans  can  soon  raise  to  assist  it.  You  are  now  in 
Possession  of  that  Part  of  the  River  Kennebeck,  near  which 
was  the  Place  of  general  Rendezvous  for  the  Eastern  Indians 
inhabiting  as  far  as  the  River  Sl  Francois  &  the  Village  of 
Becancour  in  time  of  War,  and  from  whence  the  Province 
felt  continual  Devastations  in  its  Eastern  Parts  by  their 
Incursions  in  1723  &  1724  ;  by  having  erected  fort  Halifax 
in  the  Heart  of  the  Norridgwalk  Country,  and  so  near  the 
head  quarters  of  the  Penobscotts,  have  put  such  a  curb  upon 
both  those  Tribes  as  must  render  them  much  more  depend- 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  329 

ent  upon  this  Governm*  than  they  have  hitherto  been  and 
thd  the  good  Effects  of  this  Expedition  should  even  reach 
no  further  than  the  present  time  (which  I  am  perswaded 
will  not  be  the  case  )  yet  I  might  venture  to  say  that  it  has 
sav'd  the  Province  more  than  the  whole  Charge  of  it  will 
amount  to ;  For  if  it  is  consider'd  what  was  the  Spirit  of  the 
Eastern  Indians  in  the  Spring  of  the  Year ;  excited  by  our 
neighbours  of  Canada,  and  the  French  Jesuits  sent  from 
thence  among  them,  and  some  unhappy  Quarrells  which  had 
given  the  Indians  some  Colour  for  their  mischievous  Inten- 
tions. It  must  be  acknowledg'd  that  in  this  ill  Situation  of 
our  Affairs,  there  was  not  the  least  probability  that  any  other 
Expedients  could  have  prevented  the  miseries  and  much 
greater  Expence  of  a  General  War  with  the  Eastern  Indians 
from  the  beginning  of  the  Summer,  than  that  which  we  have 
put  in  practice. 

19  I  have  one  more  Advantage  still  to  mention,  wch  will 
Arise  to  the  Province  from  this  Expedition,  I  have  the 
Pleasure  to  let  you  know  from  a  Letter  wch  I  have  had  the 
Honour  to  receive  very  lately  from  the  Rl  Honble  Sir  Thomas 
Robinson,  one  of  the  Majy8  principal  Secretaries  of  State,  wch 
Shall  be  communicated  to  you,  that  you  have  the  utmost 
Reason  to  be  assur'd  that  the  part  which  this  Governm1  hath 
acted  in  it,  will  meet  with  his  Majy8  Royal  Approbation  ;  and 
recommend  the  Welfare  of  the  Province  greatly  to  his 
immediate  attention. 

20  And  now  Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Representatives 
I  hope  you  will  chearfully  &  immediately  make  the  Supplies 
necessary  for  paying  off  the  Soldiers  employ'd  in  this  Service, 
all  which  are  now  Disbanded,  except  120,  which  I  have 
retain'd  out  of  the  Impress'd  Men,  and  old  Garrison  at 
Richmond  fort  as  necessary  at  present  for  the  Forts  on  Ken- 
nebeck,  viz*  100  to  Garrison  Fort  Halifax  and  20  for  Fort 
Western ;     together   with   all   other   just   Debts   wch   have 


attended  this  Service,  as  well  as  other  Services  for  the  Sup- 
port of  the  Governm1  and  the  Necessary  Defence  of  the 
Inhabitants,  particularly  what  has  been  unavoidably  occa- 
sion'd  by  the  Assaults  made  by  the  Canada  Indians  on  our 
Western  Frontiers,  during  my  absence  in  the  Eastern  parts ; 
&  wch  was  needful  for  securing  the  People  on  that  Frontier 
against  the  depredations  of  the  Indians. 

21  The  Informations  I  had  reciev'd  of  those  Disasters  & 
the  orders,  I  gave  thereupon  shall  be  lay'd  before  you :  and 
in  a  special  manner  I  must  recommend  to  you  to  provide  for 
the  establishment  of  the  Garrisons  I  have  left  on  the  Kenne- 
beck  for  the  Defence  of  the  two  Forts  there,  and  to  secure  to 
us  the  Possession  of  that  River,  as  also  for  maintaining  the 
Scouts  propos'd  by  Col°  Israel  Williams  in  his  letter  of  12th 
of  Septr  last  (  which  shall  be  lay'd  before  you  )  to  be  kept 
up  between  fall  Town  and  Hudsons  River  for  the  protection 
of  the  Western  Frontier :  and  as  some  particular  persons  in 
those  parts  have  been  at  great  Expence  in  fortifying  their 
Houses  and  thereby  actually  made  a  stand  ag8t  the  Enemy 
wch  is  of  publick  Service,  I  would  recommend  it  to  you 
Gentlemen,  to  make  them  some  Allowance  for  this  extra- 
ordinary Expence,  that  they  may  not  be  ruin'd  by  it. 

22  I  shall  order  the  Treasurer  and  Commissary  General 
to  prepare  the  Acct8  of  what  has  already  been  expended  and 
what  still  remains  due  to  defray  the  whole  Debt  contracted 
by  the  Governm*. 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Representatives  I 
shall  now  lay  before  you  a  Journal  of  the  Proceedings  of  the 
Commissioners  of  several  Provinces  &  Colonies  in  the  late 
Convention  at  Albany,  wherein  (besides  their  Renewal  of  the 
League  with  the  Indians  of  the  Six  Nations  )  is  contain'd  a 
Representation  of  the  dangerous  State  his  Majesty's  Domin- 
ions in  North-America  are  in,  by  reason  of  the  Encroach- 
ments &  Power  of  the  French,  &  their  growing  Influence 


over  the  Indians ;  with  a  Scheme  by  the  said  Commissioners 
projected  &  Agreed  upon  for  such  an  Union  between  all  the 
English  GovernmtB  in  North-America,  as  was  by  them  judg'd 
necessary  for  their  mutual  Defence  :  This  is  an  Affair  of  such 
moment,  as  will  require  your  most  deliberate  Attention  &  the 
Speediest  Dispatch  to  ripen  it  for  the  seasonable  Considera- 
tion of  the  Parliam1  of  Great  Britain,  whose  Authority  is 
judg'd  requisite  for  Effecting  &  Consolidating  so  desirable  an 

24  I  think  it  material  to  lay  before  you  an  Extract  from 
a  private  Letter  wch  hath  been  communicated  to  me,  dated  at 
Oroh'  quanghe  the  14th  of  Septr  last,  in  wch  among  other 
Things  there  is  this  Paragaph,  "  Our  Indians  inform  us  that 
"  the  French  spare  no  pains  to  disengage  the  Six  Nations 
"  from  the  English,  &  attach  them  to  their  Interest, — =  That 
"  the  Governr  of  Canada  has  sent  six  Battoes  into  their 
"  Country  with  Goods,  two  to  the  Oneida's  Castle  two  to  the 
"  Cayouga's,  &  two  to  the  Onondaga's,  and  that  a  French 
"  Priest  lately  sent  a  Belt  of  Wampum  to  Oneidy,  to  prepare 
"  the  way  of  his  Reception  among  them.  The  Priest  tells 
"  them  that  he  compassionates  their  Ignorance,  &  is  desirous, 
"  with  their  leave,  to  come  and  Instruct  them  in  the 
"  Christian  Religion." 

If  the  last  Circumstance,  Gentlemen,  is  true  we  must  look 
upon  it  as  done  with  the  privity  at  least  if  not  by  the 
Direction  of  the  Governm1  of  Canada,  and  if  the  French  are 
suffer'd  to  put  in  practice  this  Artifice  among  the  Indians  of 
the  six  Nations,  we  may  give  them  up  as  entirely  lost  to  the 

25  I  therefore  think  it  my  Duty  to  observe,  that  it  is  a 
most  unwarrantable  Practice  in  the  French  under  the  pre- 
tence of  Gospelizing  the  Indians  to  send  their  Missionary 
Priests  into  his  Majy8  Territories  and  the  Countries  Subject 
by  Treaties  to  his  Dominion,  in  order  to  Debauch  the  Indians 


there  in  Alliance  &  Friendship  wth  the  English  from  their 
Fidelity  &  Attachmts  to  him ;  and  engage  them  in  Acts  of 
Rapine  &  Slaughter  agl  his  Subjects ;  It  is  to  the  suffering 
of  this,  that  we  chiefly  owe  the  Mischiefs  &  Dpredations,  we 
have  for  so  many  Years  felt  from  our  Eastern  Indians  :  And 
I  think  it  high  Time  that  some  publick  Notice  should  be 
taken  of  this  Practice  to  the  Governm1  of  Canada,  express- 
ing a  proper  Resentment  at  this  injuria  Treatment  and  I 
should  be  glad  of  your  Advice  upon  this  Matter. 
Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Representyes 

26  I  hope  you  will  proceed  in  raising  the  necessary 
Supplies  with  the  same  Spirit  of  Unanimity  and  Dispatch 
wch  was  exerted  in  providing  for  the  Service  of  the  late 
Expedition ;  it  would  be  extremely  happy  at  this  Con- 
juncture if  you  could  agree  upon  such  Ways  &  means  of 
gathering  in  the  Taxes  as  would  be  the  least  exceptionable 
to  the  People  in  General,  as  well  as  what  would  secure  the 
Sums  wch  the  Funds  ought  to  produce. 

Gentlemen  I  am  sensible  it  is  still  a  Busy  Season  for 
Husbandry  Affairs,  &  therefore  would  not  detain  you  at  this 
Session  longer  than  the  Business  to  be  done  in  it  shall 
require  your  Attendance. 

W  Shirley. 
Council  Chamber  October  18th  1754 

In  the  House  of  Representatives  Oct0  19th  1754 

Ordered  that  Mr  Speaker  Mr  Wells  Col  Partridge  Cap1 
Tasker  Col  Choate  Col  Clap  Mr  Quincy  with  such  as  the 
Honrble  Board  shall  join  be  a  Comtee  to  Make  answer  to  those 
parts  of  his  Excellency's  Speech  which  are  directed  to  both 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  October  19,  1754     Read  and   Concur'd   and 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  333 

John  Osborne,  Jacob  Wendell,  Samuel  Watts,  Ezekiel 
Cheever,  Andrew  Oliver  and  Thomas  Hubbard  EsqrB  are 
joined  in  the  Affair. 

Tho8  Clarke  Dp'*  Secry 


Gentlemen  of  the  Council  and  House  of  Representatives 

I  thank  you  for  Your  Advice  delivered  to  me  by  your 
Committee.  The  sense,  You  therein  Express  of  my  Atten- 
tion to  his  Majestys  Service  and  the  General  Interests  of  his 
Governments  on  this  Continent  as  well  as  to  that  of  this 
Province  in  Particular,  in  the  Course  of  the  late  Expeditiou, 
as  also  of  the  Success  which  hath  hitherto  attended  it  give 
me  very  great  Satisfaction  : 

I  shall  with  great  Pleasure  exert  my  best  Offices  to  pro- 
cure for  you  all  needful  Assistance,  as  to  the  charge  which 
you  have  been  or  may  be  at  in  consequence  of  this  Expedi- 
tion or  any  future  Instance  of  your  Zeal  for  his  Majesty's 
Service  : 

I  am  perswaded  what  you  have  now  done  is  for  the  Safety 
not  only  of  this,  but,  all  his  Majesty's  Governments  in  North 

W  Shirley. 
October  31st  1754 


Gentlemen  of  the  Council  and  House  of  Representatives 

I  have  lately  received  Dispatches  by  Express    from    the 
Commanding   Officer   at  Taconick,  Informing   me  that  the 


Indians  fell  upon  a  Party  of  that  Garrison  sent  out  to  load 
with  Loggs  for  the  use  of  the  Fort  at  a  small  distance  from 
it,  and  killed  and  scalped  one  of  the  Soldiers,  and  carried  off 
four  more  as  Prisoners  one  only  escaping  to  the  Garrison: 
The  Letters  relating  to  this  Affair  and  other  Matters  of 
Importance  the  Secretary  will  lay  before  you. 

This  Act  of  Barbarity  and  Treachery  in  the  Indians  gives 
a  new  aspect  to  our  Affairs  and  Interests  in  the  Eastern 
Parts  &  will  require  new  Measures  for  our  Security  I  would 
therefore  desire  you  to  take  them  under  your  Consideration 
and  give  me  your  Advice  thereupon ;  As  also  for  the 
Effectual  Security  of  the  Western  Frontier. 
November  6.  1754 

W  Shirley 


In  the  House  of  Represent  Novr  7tb  1754 

Ordered  that  Mr  Speaker  Col  Choate  &  Mr  Wells  with 
such  as  the  honble  Board  shall  Join  be  a  Committee  to  take 
Under  Consideration  his  Excellencys  Message  of  yesterday 
&  Letters  Accompanying  &  make  Report  &  that  Said  Com- 
mittee sit  forthwith 

And  further  Ordered  that  said  Committee  prepare  a 
proper  Message  to  the  Governor  desiring  him  to  Stop  the 
present  to  the  Eastern  Indians  which  was  ordered  them  this 

Sent  up  for  concurrence 

T.  Hubbard  Spk' 

In  Council  Novemr  7,  1754  Read  and  Concurd  and 
Andrew  Oliver  and  Benjamin  Lincoln  Esq18  are  joined  in  the 

Tho8  Clarke  Dp**  Secry 

OF   THE    STATE   OP   MAINE  335 


Gentlemen  of  the  Council  and  House  of  Representatives 

I  must  desire  you  would  give  tlie  utmost  Dispatch  to  the 
Affair  I  laid  before  you  in  my  Message  sent  you  on  Wednes- 
day last  occasioned  on  the  Attack  made  by  the  Indians  on 
some  of  the  Garrison  of  Fort  Halifax  and  the  Disaster 
ensuing  thereupon. 

I  stop'd  the  Country  Sloop  and  the  Commander  of  Fort 
Halifax  (  who  is  embarked  aboard  her )  till  I  could  determine 
what  Orders  to  give,  on  this  Occasion.  The  Sloop  being 
loaded  with  the  Winter  Stores  for  Several  Forts  in  the 
Eastern  Parts  must  go  first  to  Sl  George's  and  Pemaquid  to 
be  discharged  of  some  part  of  her  Loading  before  she  will  be 
able  to  go  up  to  Cushenock  with  the  Stores  for  Fort  Halifax 
&c,  For  these  &  other  Reasons  wch  must  be  obvious  to  you, 
I  hope  you  will  give  this  Business  immediate  Dispatch. 

W  Shirley. 
Novemr  11.17  64 

Letter,  Gov1"  Shirley  to  Capts  IAihgow  if  Bradbury. 

Boston  Novr  12,  1754. 

I  do  hereby  direct  you  constantly  to  maintain  a  Corre- 
spondence by  Letters  with  Cpt.  William  Lithgow  Com- 
mander of  His  Majestys  Fort  Hallifax,  by  sending  to  him 
without  Delay  all  such  Advices  as  may  come  to  your  Hands 
which  relate  to  the  Affairs  of  the  Frontiers  &  on  which 
Intelligence  the  Safety  of  his  Majestys  Forts  &  also  of  his 
good  Subjects  on  the  Frontiers  of  the  Province  may  depend ; 
And  that  this  Correspondence  may  be  mutual  I  have  directed 
Cpt.  Lithgow  to  send  you  Intelligence  from  time  to  time  in 
like  manner  as  you  are  hereby  directed  to  send  him 


And  I  would  have  you  make  the  best  inquiry  you  can, 
whether  the  Norridgwalk,  or  Penobscot  Indians  were  con- 
cern'd  in,  or  consenting  to  the  Mischief  lately  done  by  some 
Indians  at  Fort  Halifax  or  whether  they  were  privy  to  it  and 
had  an  Opportunity  of  warning  the  English  of  it,  before  it 
was  done :  and  let  me  know  your  Opinion  concerning  it,  by 
the  first  Opportunity,  after  you  have  had  due  time  to  inquire 
into  it. 

Warrant  to  Capt.  Lithgow,  Nov.  12,  17 5 If. 

William  Shirley,  Esq1  Captain  General  &  Governor  in 
Chief  in  &  over  His  Majestys  Province  of  the  Massachusetts 
Bay  in  New  England     To  William  Lithgow  Esqr  Greeting. 

Whereas  it  may  happen  that  the  stated  Number  of  Soldiers 
at  the  Garrison  at  His  Majestys  Fort  Hallifax  under  your 
Command  may  by  Death  or  other  Accidents  be  diminished ; 
In  such  Case,  if  you  cannot  make  up  the  established  Number 
by  enlisting  Voluntiers  sufficient  &  well  qualified  for  that 
Service ;  You  are  hereby  impowered  &  required  from  time  to 
time  in  any  Part  of  this  Provce  to  impress  into  his  Majestys 
Service  such  a  Number  of  able  bodied  effective  Men  as  shall 
Make  up  such  Deficiencies;  For  which  this  shall  be  your 
sufficient  Warr* 

Given  under  my  hand 

W.  Shirley. 


Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Representatives 

It  is  proper  that  I  should  Acquaint  you  that  Maj'r  General 
Winslow  to  whom  I  gave  the  Chief  Command  in  the  late 

OP   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  337 

Expedition  to  the  Eastward  is  so  situated  in  his  Majesty's 
Service,  that  it  would  be  improper  for  him  to  be  made  up  in 
the  Roll  of  pay  with  the  other  Officers  of  the  Regiment ;  His 
good  Conduct  and  Indefatigable  Vigilance  in  that  post  are  so 
well  known  to  you  that  I  doubt  not  you  will  think  they 
claim  a  suitable  recompence  for  his  services  ;  I  must  there- 
fore recommend  it  to  you  to  make  him  such  an  Acknowledge- 
ment for  them,  As  will  at  the  same  time  be  for  the  Honour 
of  the  Province,  and  Encouragement  of  Gentlemen  of 
Abilities  to  serve  it,  to  enter  into  its  Service  upon  future 
Occasions  with  the  same  Spirit,  and  Zeal  which  he  did. 

W  Shirley 
November  21,  1754  Council  Chamber 

Novr  21  1754 

Extract  of  a  Letter  from  Capt.  John  Hamilton  to  Dr  Sylvester 


Extract  of  a  Letter  from  Capt.  John  Hamilton  dated 
Chignecta  2rl  Decr  1754  to  Docter  Silvester  Gardiner  in 

"  De  Loutre  expects  war  in  the  Spring  or  Summer  as  he 
"  says,~They  say  he  is  gathering  the  Indians  together- 

"  I  suppose  if  he  expects  a  French  war,  they  will  not  begin 
"  Hostilities  before.  I  hear  they  expect  a  number  of  Large 
"&  some  small  Canon- Also  two  or  three  hundred  Soldiers-It 
"  is  reported  they  also  design  to  make  very  considerable 
"  Outworks  to  their  forts  " — "  I  hear  the  French  are  very 
"  Vext  at  the  Forts  up  Kennebeck  River-One  of  them  told 
"me  it  was  only  37  or  40  Leagues  from  Quebec-" I  fancy 
"  shou'd  there  come  a  war  they  will  have  a  Visit  that  way, 
"and  some  part  of  the   ill    treatment   returned    they   have 



"  shewn  our  Colonies-The  French  lost  a  fine  74  gun  Ship  in 
"the  Harbour  of  Quebeck  this  last  Fall  in  a  Storm- "They 
"report  here  that  a  Canada  Mulatto  named  Picort  shewed 
"  Gov  Shirley  the  way  to  the  River  Chaudiere,  and  that  there 
"is  a  Number  of  Indians  hunting  after  him  to  put  him  to 

Message.  Bee.  10,  1754- 

Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Representatives 

One  James  Johnson  who  was  taken  Captive  by  the  Indians 
at  Number  Four  the  last  Summer  and  by  them  carried  to 
Montreal  and  sold  to  the  French  there  havg  purchased  his 
Freedom  is  now  come  to  Town  and  brings  Intelligence  of  a 
Design  formed  by  the  French  for  Attacking  Fort  Halifax 
with  Five  hundred  French  and  Indians  who  were  assembling 
at  Quebec  ( as  he  apprehends  )  before  he  left  Mont  Real :  It 
being  of  the  utmost  Importance  that  we  should  secure  that 
Fortress  at  all  Hazzards ;  and  that  we  should  be  speedy  in 
sending  succours  to  that  place,  and  in  taking  measures  for 
Bridling  the  French  and  Indians  who  may  make  attempts  on 
that  River  against  us. 

I  would  therefore  propose  to  your  Consideration  in  this 
Affair  that  I  should  forthwith  send  Orders  to  the  Captains  of 
the  Independent  Companies  in  the  Eastern  Frontiers  to 
assemble  without  delay  such  Numbers  of  Men  in  their 
Companies  as  will  make  a  Body  of  Men  not  less  than  five 
hundred  to  be  ready  at  the  Fort  not  only  to  secure  that  but 
also  upon  a  Repulse  of  the  Enemy  if  it  should  please  God  so 
to  Order  it  to  pursue  them  upon  their  retreat : 


This  Matter  &  the  success  of  our  Conduct  therein  and  the 
probable  lasting  consequences  thereof  are  such  that  we  can- 
not be  at  too  great  Pains  and  Charges  to  secure  the  Interest 
depending  thereon. 

W  Shirley 
Council  Chamber  Decern1"  10  :  1754 

Letter,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  Wm  Ldthgoiv 

Boston  Jany  3,  1755 

You  have  herewith  inclosed  an  Exemplification  of  a  Comm" 
I  have  issued  to  Col0  Jedediah  Prebble  &  to  you  in  Case  of 
his  Declining  the  Service  therein  enjoined : 

I  do  therefore  hereby  direct  you  forthwith  and  without 
waiting  for  the  said  Col0  Prebble  or  any  Advice  from  him, 
to  make  Provision  for  strengthning  the  Fortresses  mentioned 
in  the  Comm"  by  cutting  &  drawing  of  necessary  Timber,  & 
fitting  of  it  for  the  proper  Work ;  And  if  Col0  Prebble  do 
not  soon  repair  to  Fort  Halifax,  you  must  proceed  to  the 
Compleating  &  finishing  of  the  sd  Work  accord8  to  Order 
without  delay. 

I  have  ordered  forty  Men  to  be  drawn  out  of  the  indepen- 
dent Companies  in  the  Eastern  Parts  as  Recruits  to  the  Gar- 
rison at  Fort  Halifax,  to  be  continued  in  the  Service  there 
untill  the  10th  of  March  next,  &  then  to  be  discharged,  unless 
at  that  time  there  should  appear  any  extraordinary  Hazard 
from  the  Enemy,  In  wch  Case  you  must  retain  them  there 
untill  such  Danger  be  over. 


You  must  employ  these  Recruits,  &  by  turns  the  Rest  of  the 
Garrison,  in  Scouting  for  Discovery  of  the  Enemy,  as  also 
for  obtaining  a  better  Knowledge  of  the  Country ;  The  man- 
ner of  reforming  this  Service  for  the  best  Advantage  I  leave 
to  yor  Discretion. 

The  Indian  Bartholomew  has  a  great  Mind  to  come  to  yor 
Garrison,  &  to  do  Service  there,  &  more  especially  as  a  Pilot 
in  the  Woods ;  And  I  shall  send  him  accordingly :  I  doubt 
not  but  you  will  use  him  in  such  manner  as  to  confirm  him 
in  our  Interest,  &  yet  not  to  put  any  Advantage  in  his  hands 
to  hurt  Us,  If  he  prove  false ;  Wch  I  verily  beleive  he  will 
not.  You  must  put  him  upon  Soldiers  Pay  yet  excuse  him 
from  ordinary  Duty,  but  employ  him  in  Scouting,  as  occasion 
may  require. 

Letter,  Capt.  Wm  Litligow  to  Gov.  /Shirley,  Jan.  9,  1755. 


May  it  pleas  your  Exellency 

the  Souldiery  of  Fort  Hallifax  Is  In  a  most  Deplorable 
Condition  for  want  of  Shoes  Stockings  Beding  and  Bodyely 
Cloathing  &c  -  as  I  have  Signified  In  my  Letter  of  ye  20th 
Decr  and  it  is  with  the  greatest  Conserne  that  I  am  obliged 
farther  to  Acquainte  Your  Excellency  that  we  have  scarce 
30  men  In  this  Fort  that  are  Capable  of  Cutting  or  Hailing 
Wood  for  the  Suply  of  this  Fort  and  it  Is  with  grate  Difi- 
cualty  thay  Can  Supply  them  Selves  with  Wood  from  Day 
to  Day  the  Snow  is  So  Deep,  it  is  3  foot  at  this  Place,  and 
haveing  no  Snow  Shoas  and  our  being  In  a  manner  naked  it 
Is  out  of  our  power  ware  we  In  Health  to  Keep  Scouts 
aBroad  or  even  to  Send  a  guarde  with  those  men  that  Halls 
Wood  neither  Can  thay  Carry  their  arms  with  them  being 
hard  put  to  it  to  wallow  through  the  Snow  with  their  Sled 
Load  of  Wood,  and  its  hard  Service  for  those  men  to  Suply 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  341 

them  Selves  and  ye  Involleeds  with  firing  which  Takes  up 
two  intier  Barricks,  we  have  now  but  4  Weeks  allowance  of 
Bread  In  this  Fort,  one  fob  of  Rum  and  one  D°  of  molassas 
and  god  knows  how  or  when  we  Shall  be  able  to  gitt  any 
Suplyes  from  Fort  Westeren  on  account  of  ye  Snow  is  so 
Deep,  I  Left  Fort  Hallifax  ye  4th  Instent  to  See  if  ye  River 
was  passable  on  ye  Ice  with  one  Souldier  for  Company,  and 
also  to  try  if  I  Could  Collect  Som  Leather  or  Shoas  for  a 
present  Relife,  till  more  shall  be  Sent,  which  I  have  got,  and 
have  Imployd  2  shoamakers  to  work  it  up,  we  Came  all  the 
way  on  the  Ice  which  we  found  to  be  very  Week  betwen 
Fort  Hallifax  and  Western  on  account  as  I  Supose  of  ye 
grate  Body  of  Snow  which  Lyes  on  it  which  hinders  its  frees- 
ing,  the  Ice  there  Is  Sunk  with  Snow  &  Water  about  2  foot 
&  halfe  Deep,  ye  under  Ice  was  So  weak  that  we  Broak  throw 
Sundery  Times,  and  it  was  with  grate  Dificualty  &  hazad  of 
of  our  Lives  that  we  got  to  Fort  Western,  whare  we  was 
Detained  by  a  Storm  2  Days.  ye  8th  Instant  we  arived  at 
Richmond  Fort,  where  I  thought  it  my  Duty  to  wright  Your 
Excellency  this  Letter, — 

I  think  it  was  a  very  bad  affair  that  ye  Barricks  had  not 
been  left  In  Better  order,  and  that  thare  had  not  been  more 
Suplyes  laid  up  in  this  Fort  whilst  the  River  was  open,  if  it 
was  bad  Carrying  ye  stores  then,  I  aver  it8  ten  Times  worse 
now,  and  I  feer  will  Contineue  So  this  Winter,  for  I  Doubt 
ye  River  above  Fort  Westeren  will  be  hard  to  freeze,  on 
account  of  ye  Strong  Current  that  Runs  there,  and  as  to  ye 
Cutt  Rodes  being  of  Service,  it  would  now  take  50  men,  and 
Ten  yoack  of  oxen  2  Dayes  to  Brack  it,  und  after  it  was 
broaken  it  would  Choack  up  with  ye  first  wind  that  Blew, 
Som  of  ye  gullys  now  are  Drifted  10  or  15  foot  Deep  with 
Snow,  that  I  think  it  will  never  be  of  much  Service  to  us  In 
transpoarting  our  provisions,  till  Such  Times  as  ye  Countery 
Settles  and  more  teemes  frequents  that  Road  then  what  may 


be  allowed  for  Fort  Hallifax,  but  these  Dull  Complaiutes 
avales  us  but  Little,  to  extracate  us  out  of  our  present  Diffi- 
cultyes  it  Remains  now  to  think  of  ye  best  way  by  which  that 
garrison  Can  be  relived,  and  I  would  with  Submission  offer 
your  Excellency  my  Humble  oppinion  upon  ye  matter,  which 
Is  that  your  Excellency  give  the  Indipendent  Companys  or 
other  forces  that  may  be  Raised  as  Succers  for  the  Defence 
of  this  River,  orders  to  provide  or  Impress  Horces  or  other 
Cattle  with  provinder,  and  Slades  or  Caires,  and  those  Cattle 
to  be  employ*1  In  hailing  the  Stores  and  other  Suplyes  that 
may  be  Soon  Landed  In  this  River  (  for  the  Suply  of  Fort 
Hallifax  )  up  to  Fort  Western,  farther  I  belive  Cattle  will  be 
of  no  Service,  on  account  of  ye  Rivers  being  Daingerous  for 
Cattle  to  Travel  on,  as  I  have  alredy  observed,  and  then  a 
proper  Number  of  good  men  with  Snow  Shoes  may  be 
employed  In  Carrying  up  provisions  from  Westeren  to  Fort 
Hallifax,  and  after  ye  Road  is  beten  well,  and  the  Involleeds 
that  may  be  able  to  Travel  after  being  Shod  &c  for  them  to 
march  Down  ye  River  and  tarry  with  ye  provisions  which  will 
Save  a  grate  Deel  of  featigue  of  Carrying  of  ye  provisions  to 
them,  and  that  thare  be  good  men  placed  at  Fort  Hallifax  In 
their  Rooms  I  should  ere  now  have  Dissmised  Som  worthless 
Fellows  which  Dos  little  other  Duty  then  Eates  their  allow- 
ence,  Could  thay  Traveled  Home  for  thay  will  never  Do  any 
Service  here  or  any  whers  else,  this  garrison,  I  think  has  its 
full  Share  of  Such  Cretures  that  Resembels  men  In  nothing 
but  ye  Humain  Shape,  but  Say  Som,  Such  will  Do  for  P'orts 
whare  thay  have  nothing  to  Do  but  Eate  &  Sleep,  as  it 
seems  to  be  ye  opinion  of  those  that  Hiers  or  Empresses 
them,  or  at  least  thay  Croud  Such  Into  ye  Service  to  be 
maintened  at  ye  publick  Expence  to  Save  themselves  the 
Charge  Such  men  would  be  to  ye  Towns  they  are  Sent  from, 
now  ye  Consiquence  of  this  management  will  be  that  this 
winter  it  will  requier  one  hundred  or  2  good  men  Constently 

OF   THE    STATE   OP   MAINE  343 

Carrying  provisions  from  Fort  Western  to  Fort  Hallifax  for 
them  selves  and  those  that  Canot  Do  their  own  Duty,  as  I 
have  Just  mentioned,  which  very  much  Discouriges  good 
men,  and  Cloges  ye  Service  which  In  my  Humble  opinion 
Requires  ye  governments  perticular  Notice,  we  very  much 
want  a  Sortment  of  Suiteable  Hearbs  for  the  Sick,  our  Doc- 
ter  has  left  us  and  we  have  no  one  here  that  knows  ye  use  of 
our  meadisons,  a  grate  many  of  our  men  has  ben  sick  and 
Contineues  So,  but  non  of  them  has  yet  parfectely  Recovreed 
to  their  former  healths,  nor  will  not  I  belive  this  Winter,  the 
men  In  General  Seems  to  be  very  Low  In  Spirets,  which  I 
Impute  to  their  wadeing  So  much  In  the  Walter  In  ye  Sumer 
and  Fall  which  I  belive  has  very  much  hurt  ye  Circulation  of 
their  Blood,  and  filled  it  full  of  gross  Humers  and  what  has 
aded  to  their  misfortune  is  their  being  much  streightned  for 
want  of  Room,  and  Bad  Lodgings. 

In  ye  Spring  of  ye  year  must  be  sent  to  Fort  Western  10 
Lodes  of  English  Hay,  for  the  Suply  of  ye  oxen  that  must 
Hall  ye  Timber  for  ye  bulding  at  Fort  Hallifax, —  other  wise 
we  Can  not  go  on  with  ye  Buldings  there,  I  have  Imployd  3 
Carpinters  this  Winter  to  prepair  Timber  for  the  above 
Buldings,  I  have  agreed  with  two  of  them  for  <£30  g  month, 
and  one  for  £20  -  old  Tenr  till  ye  Last  of  march,  and  after 
that  30/  -  g  Day  till  ye  Last  of  May. 

I  would  again  Recomend  to  your  Excellency  ye  8  flat  Bot- 
tomed Botes  Carrying  2  Tuns  Each,  which  I  mentioned  In 
my  Last  Letter  that  they  be  sent  to  Fort  Westeren  as  early 
as  possible  ye  Next  Spring,  to  Carry  up  our  Stores  to  Fort 
Hallifax,  which  I  am  fully  Satisfied  must  be  ye  way  by  which 
we  can  be  Supply*1  at  this  Fort,  I  add  no  farther  then  we  will 
Do  ye  best  we  Can  to  Subsist  till  we  have  more  Help. 

with  Submission  I  beg  Leave  to  Subscribe  my  Selfe  — 

Your  Excellencys  most  Dutiefull  obedient  Serv1 

Willm  Lithgow 

Richmond  Fort  Janr  ye  9th  1755 


Letter,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Majr  Denny  $  Capt.  Watts. 

Boston  Jany  18,  1755 

There  being  Want  of  sundry  Stores  of  Provisions  & 
Cloathing  for  the  Garrison  at  Fort  Hallifax,  which  the  Com- 
missary General  is  ordered  to  send  to  Arrowsick,  to  be  from 
thence  transported  to  Fort  West"  It  will  be  necessary  that 
the  said  Stores  should  immediately  upon  their  Arrival  at 
Arrowsick  sent  forward  to  Fort  Western,  I  have  therefore  by 
my  Warrant  herewith  inclosed  impowered  &  directed  you  to 
see  this  Matter  effected :  If  it  should  so  happen  that  any  of 
the  Recruits  I  have  ordered  for  Fort  Hallifax  should  be  pass- 
ing up  the  River  while  you  are  providing  for  the  Conveyance 
of  these  Goods  you  may  commit  the  Safeguarding  of  such 
Goods  to  the  Officer  of  such  Recruits  otherwise  to  proceed 
in  that  Article  (as  well  as  the  Rest)  according  to  the  Direc- 
tions in  said  Warr* 

I  am,  Gentlemen,  Your  Assured  Friend  and  Serv' 

Majr  Samuel  Denny  &  Cap*  John  Watts 

Letter,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow 

Boston  Jan.  18,  1755. 

I  have  recd  your  Letter  of  the  9th  Instant  by  Express  & 
am  sorry  to  understand  by  it  that  the  Garrison  at  Fort  Hal- 
lifax are  in  such  a  weak  Condition  by  reason  of  Sickness  & 
Want  of  Clothing,  &  that  you  find  so  much  Difficulty  to 
have  Things  conveyed  to  you  from  Fort  Western. 

Besides  the  Stores  sent  you  by  Cpt.  Saunders  who  sailed 
from  hence  about  Ten  Dayes  agoe,  I  have  with  the  Advice  of 
the  Council  ordered  the  Commissary  General  immediately  to 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  345 

take  up  a  Sloop  &  send  you  a  full  Supply  both  of  Provisions 
&  Clothing :  And  I  have  directed  Major  Denny  &  Cpt. 
Watts  of  Arrowsick  to  impress  Horses  Cattle  &  Carriages 
necessary  &  a  Guard  of  Men  for  their  safe  Conveyance  & 
send  up  the  Stores  to  Fort  Western :  If  the  Time  will  admit 
after  the  Receit  of  this  Letter  you  may  give  those  Gentlemen 
particular  Directions  in  the  Managem*  of  this  affair.  I  much 
approve  of  your  Scheme  for  Remedying  the  many  Evils  & 
Inconveniences  you  complain  of :  And  have  given  Orders  for 
the  Building  Four  flatt  bottomed  Boats  immediately  the  rest 
will  be  built  in  Season.  I  have  the  utmost  Confidence  in 
your  Vigilance  Prudence  &  Resolution,  for  the  Maintaining 
&  Ordering  the  important  Fort  &  Garrison  under  your  Com- 
mand, And  desire  you  would  always  impart  your  Sentiments 
to  me  with  the  utmost  Freedom  on  the  Affairs  committed  to 
your  Care. 

Let  me  hear  from  you  by  every  Opportunity ;  and  be 
assur'd  that  I  greatly  approve  of  your  good  Conduct  and  am 

Sir,  Your  most  assured  Friend  and  Servant 
P.  S 

Send  me  an  Ace1  of  the  State  of  the  Garrison  under  your 
Command  by  every  Opportunity.  I  am  determin'd  to  rem- 
edy in  the  most  Effectual  manner  the  mismanagem13  you 
complain  of. 

The  particulars  of  what  I  have  ordered  to  be  sent  are 
inclosed.     Your  Express  arriv'd  here  last  night  at  8  o'clock. 

Cap1  Wm  Lithgow 

Deposition  of  Abiel  Groodwin. 

The  Deposition  of  Abiel  Goodwin  of  York  in  the  County 
of  York  Testifieth  &  saith  that  the  next  day  after  it  was 
reported  that  Sam1  Ball  &  Stephen  Pearce  had  broake  out  of 
York  Goal  which  the  Depon1  thinks  was  some  time  in  March 


1750/51  He  was  sent  for  by  the  then  Keeper  Mr  Sheriff 
Plaisted  since  deced  to  mend  the  Breach,  upon  which  he  the 
Depon1  immediately  came  &  did  it  — 

And  upon  Examining  the  Breach  found  it  was  at  One  of 
the  Windows  where  the  Wall  as  lie  Judges  was  about  Two 
Feet  &  an  half  thro'  The  Window  was  Double  Grated  with 
Iron  Grates  placed  into  Iron  Bars  One  set  of  Grates  &  Barrs 
being  placed  in  the  Inner  Edge  of  the  Window  &  Secured  in 
the  Oak  Plank  with  which  the  Walls  are  Cealed  The  other 
set  of  Grates  &  Barrs  was  about  Midway  of  the  Wall  and 
secured  in  the  same. 

The  manner  of  the  Breach  as  the  Depon1  Judges  was  thus, 
The  prisoners  first  got  out  the  Inner  Sett  of  Grates  &  Barrs 
whether  by  the  help  of  a  stick  of  Wood  which  he  saw  there 
in  the  Goal  or  otherways  he  cant  tell  but  to  the  best  of  his 
remembrance  one  of  the  Grates  was  broake  with  the  help  of 
which  as  the  Depon1  Judges  they  Pickd  out  the  Stones  & 
Lime  between  the  Oak  Cealing  aforesaid  &  the  next  pair  of 
Grates  ( the  Stones  being  in  the  Middle  of  the  Wall  some- 
thing Small )  and  made  such  Way  as  to  Slip  the  Barrs  into 
which  the  Grates  were  plac'd  on  end  and  so  made  way  to 
creap  out. 

York  Feba  3d  1755.  Abiel  Goodwin 

York  ss/  Feba  3d  1755 

Then  Mr  Abiel  Goodwin  personally  appearing  solemnly 
made  Oath  to  the  truth  of  the  within  written  Deposition  by 
him  Subscribed 

before  Dan1  Moulton  Jus :  Peace 

Answer  to  the  petition  of  Joseph  Plaisted,  Admor 

To  His  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esq1  Captain  General 
&  Governor  hi  Chief  in  &  Over  His  Majesty's  Province  of 

OP   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  347 

the  Massachusetts  Bay,  The  Honble  His  Majesty's  Council  & 
House  of  Representatives  for  said  Province  in  General  Court 
Assembled  Feb  4th  1755 

The  Answer  of  George  Walton  Esqr  Moses  Carr  &  Eliza- 
beth Walton  Executors  of  the  Testament  of  Samuel  Walton 
Late  of  Somerworth  in  the  Province  of  New  Hampshire 
Gent.  Deceas'd,  To  the  Petition  of  Joseph  Plaisted  of  York 
in  the  County  of  York,  Yeoman,  Administrator  of  the  Estate 
of  Joseph  Plaisted  Late  of  York  aforesaid  Esqr  Deceased,  To 
be  Enabled  to  Review  an  Action  Prosecuted  by  the  said 
Samuel,  against  the  said  Joseph  Plaisted  Deceased,  as  Sheriff 
of  the  said  County  of  York  for  an  Escape  of  one  Stephen 
Peirce  &c. 

The  Respond18  Humbly  Conceive  it  is  not  Reasonable  to 
Grant  this  Petition  so  far  as  concerns  them, 
l8t  Because  there  was  a  fair  Tryal  upon  the  Appeal,  when 
full  Evidence  was  Committed  to  the  Jury  of  the  Relative 
facts,  (as  the  Respond18  have  been  Informd  by  those  who 
heard  it )  which  in  Case  of  a  New  Tryal,  cant  Possibly  be 
done,  for  the  Respond18  are  wholly  Strangers  to  the  Circum- 
stances of  the  Escape,  as  well  as  to  the  Names  of  the  Wit- 
nesses by  which  the  Proper  proof  was  made,  the  Testimonies 
being  given  Viva  Voce  in  Court,  &  no  footsteps  Remaining 
how  or  where  to  Come  at  them. —  the  Principal  of  which 
were  Persons  then  Living  at  the  Prison,  are  Long  Since 
Removed  by  Death  or  otherways. —  The  main  Reason  urg'd 
by  the  Petitioner,  to  Inforce  his  Petition,  is  that  the  Escape 
he  mentions,  was  neither  Voluntary  nor  Negligent  in  the 
Late  Sheriff. —  Now  'tis  Impossible  to  know  whether  this 
is  true,  without  knowing  the  manner  &  Particular  Circum- 
stances of  the  Escape,  the  Proof  of  which  will  lay  upon  the 
Part  of  the  Original  Pla1  and  he  is  gone,  and  the  Witnesses 
too,  by  which  that  Proof  was  made,  the  Granting  the  Review 
Pray'd  for  will  be  in  Effect,  Reversing  the  Judgment,     it  is 


therefore  Humbly  Submitted  whether  it  is  Just,  to  Grant  a 
trial  where  both  parties  cannot  have  an  Equal  Chance  of 
finding  out  the  true  Merit  of  the  Cause. — 
2ly  Upon  Supposition  that  the  said  Escape  was  either  Vol- 
untary or  Negligent,  the  Respond*8  Presume,  it  woud  not  be 
tho't  Reasonable  to  Grant  this  Petition  —  Now  besides  the 
Common  Report  here  without  doors,  &  the  Account  given  by 
those  who  heard  the  Trial,  the  State  of  the  Case  as  Set  forth 
by  the  Petitioner  contains  Strong  Presumtive  Evidence, 
that  it  was  at  least  a  Negligent  Escape  ■ —  For  he  says 
Judgment  was  Renderd  for  the  Original  Pla1  and  that  the 
County  would  not  Relieve  Him  &c,  it  must  therefore  be 
Presum'd  That  there  was  Satisfactory  Evidence  given  to  the 
Jury  on  the  last  Tryal  ( for  at  the  first  Court  as  the  Respond18 
are  Informed,  the  Pla1  as  was  then  the  Common  Practice 
Produced  no  Evidence )  That  this  was  one  or  the  other  of 
those  kinds  of  Escapes,  and  this  Presuption  is  much  Cor- 
roborated, by  the  Issue  of  Petition1*8  Application  to  the  Court 
of  General  Sessions  of  the  Peace  for  said  County,  Several  of 
the  Justices  of  which  Court  had  been  acquainted  with  the 
Nature  of  this  Escape,  &  well  knew  what  it  Ought  justly  to 
be  Denominated  —  For  it  Cant  be  Conceivd,  had  the  case 
Really  been  as  the  Petitioner  Represents  it,  that,  That  Court 
Considering  the  Provision  made  by  the  Province  Law  in  Such 
Cases,  woud  have  Rejected  his  Motion  — 

But  the  Case  in  truth  (as  the  Respond18  have  it  from 
others)  was  thus,  the  Prisoner  was  a  Shoe-maker,  the  Sheriff 
Permitted  him  to  Work  at  his  Trade  in  the  Prison,  had  his 
Tools  &  Billets  of  Wood  for  his  fire,  by  which  he  Cut  away 
the  wood,  &  wrenched  out  the  Grates  in  the  Window,  of  the 
Room  in  which  he  was  Confind,  at  which  Window  he  made 
his  Escape  —  the  Suggestion  therefore  of  Riotous  assistants, 
with  force  of  strong  hand  breaking  through  the  Prison  Wall, 
&  that  he  got  out  of  the  Prison  by  that  means  is  without 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MATNE  349 

foundation,  which  many  of  the  said  Justices  knew,  by  what 
they  heard  in  the  time  the  fact  was  done,  &  afterwards  on 
the  Trial. —  Which  was  Doubtless  the  Reason  of  the  Ses- 
sion's Denying  Relief  — 

3ly  No  Action  will  lye  ag*  a  Sheriff's  Exec18  or  Administra- 
tors, after  his  Decease  for  Such  an  Escape  Committed  in  his 
lifetime,  the  Law  Presuming  they  cannot  be  Privy  to,  or 
knowing  of,  the  facts  necessary  to  be  provd  in  his  Defence. — 
The  Reason  as  the  Respond18  Humbly  Conceive,  is  the  same 
here. —  it  is  therefore  Submitted  whether  it  be  Reasonable 
to  Grant  a  Special  Tryal,  where  the  Common  Law  woud  Not 
give  an  Action. —  Near  two  Years  were  Elapsed  after  the 
Said  Judgment,  before  the  Decease  of  the  Said  Samuel  Wal- 
ton, no  new  Difficulty  has  accrewed  by  his  Decease  with 
Respect  to  Serving  a  Writ  of  Review,  but  had  this  Petition 
been  Presented  in  his  Lifetime,  lie  coud  either  have  attended 
himself,  or  given  necessary  Instructions  to  others,  So  that 
they  might  have  been  able,  to  have  maintaind  &  Defended 
the  last  Judgment  in  no  part  Erroneous,  which  the  Respond18 
Conceive  is  quite  Obvious,  cannot  now  be  done,  with  any 
Prospect  of  the  same  Success. — 

4ly  The  Delay  of  this  Motion  so  long,  is  some  Objection 
against  it,  the  Said  Sam1  Walton  had  had  no  apprehentions 
of  it  in  his  time,  Considered  the  said  Judgment  as  part  of 
his  Personal  Estate,  &  Doubtless  had  Some  Regard  to  it  in 
the  Disposition  of  his  Estate  ■ —  But  what  is  more,  it  Consid- 
erably affects  the  Administration  of  the  Respond'8  for  the 
Reversion  of  this  Judgment,  may  Occasion  a  Real  Insolvency 
after  they  have  paid  off  three  fourths  of  the  Debts  of  their 
Testator,  &  make  them  Consequentially,  guilty  of  a  Waste, 
and  so  Involve  them  who  are  Strangers,  in  Losses,  without 
any  fault  of  their  own  —  as  to  that  Part  of  the  Petition 
Desiring  a  Remedy  against  the  County  Treasurer  the  Respond*8 


have  nothing  to  Say  —  But  upon  the  whole  as  to  the  Review 
Prayd  for,  Submit  it,  That  the  Petition  is  unreasonable. 

Geo:  Walton  ^ 

Moses  Carr  \  Executors 

Elisabeth  Walton  ) 

Governor's  Speech.   Feb.  7,  1755. 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  and  House  of  Representatives 

The  Occasion  of  my  convening  you  after  so  short  a 
Recess  is  to  acquaint  you  with  an  Enterprize  which  I  am 
concerting  Measures  with  the  Honble  Colonel  Lawrence  Lieu? 
Governor  &  Commander  in  chief  of  the  Province  of  Nova 
Scotia  to  execute  this  Spring. 

You  will  find  in  your  Journals  of  the  last  Winter  Session, 
that  the  late  Assembly  by  their  Message  to  me  in  Answer  to 
that  part  of  my  Speech  which  lay'd  before  his  Majesty's 
Orders  signify'd  to  me  by  the  R*  Honble  Earl  of  Holdernesse 
then  his  Majesty's  principal  Secretary  of  State  for  the  South- 
ern Department  whereby  I  was  order'd  to  remove  the  French 
from  any  Incroachments  they  should  attempt  within  the 
Limits  of  this  Province,  desir'd  me  to  represent  to  his 
Majesty  the  fatal  Mischiefs  wch  they  apprehended  his  Maj- 
esty's Subjects  there  and  in  his  other  Colonies  of  New 
England  as  well  as  that  of  Nova  Scotia  were  threaten' d  with, 
If  the  French  should  be  suffer'd  to  continue  their  Incroachm18 
upon  the  Isthmus  of  the  Peninsula  of  that  Province  &  Sk 
John's  River  in  the  Bay  of  Funda. 

Accordingly  Gentlemen,  I  transmitted  to  the  Earl  of 
Holdernesse  a  Representation  which  appears  to  have  been 
lay'd  before  his  Majesty  from  a  Letter,  I  had  the  Honour  to 
receive  from  the  R*  Honble  Sir  Thomas  Robinson  dated  21st 
June  1754,  which  I  communicated  to  you  at  your  last 
Session,    and    wherein  after  declaring  his    Majesty's    Royal 

OP   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  351 

Approbation  of  the  Zeal  and  Vigour  of  this  Government  in 
his  Service  shewn  in  fitting  out  the  Expedition  on  the  River 
Kennebeck,  I  had  his  Majesty's  Orders  to  acquaint  you  that 
the  several  Matters  I  had  represented  on  your  Behalf  should 
be  consider'd,  and  to  Assure  you  of  his  Majesty's  particular 
Attention  to  the  Welfare  of  his  good  Subjects  in  this 

Since  that  in  the  latter  End  of  October  last,  I  had  the 
Honour  to  receive  another  Let  from  Sir  Thomas  Robinson 
dated  5th  of  July  1754,  repeating  his  Majesty's  Royal 
Approbation  and  Encouragement  of  the  proceeding  of  this 
Government  in  the  before  mention'd  Expedition,  and  par- 
ticularly acquainting  me,  that  it  was  his  Majesty's  Pleasure, 
that  I  should  concert  with  Colonel  Lawrence  the  most  proper 
and  speedy  Measure  for  taking  all  possible  Advantage  in 
Nova  Scotia,  of  the  then  suppos'd  Absence  of  the  Indians 
out  of  it,  in  case  Mr  Lawrence  should  have  Force  enough  to 
attack  the  Forts  erected  by  the  French  in  those  parts  with- 
out exposing  the  English  Settlements,  and  that  by  his 
Majesty's  Order  he  had  sent  Col1  Lawrence  a  Copy  of  this 
Letter,  that  it  might  serve  as  his  Majesty's  Instruction  to 
him  as  well  as  to  myself,  inclosing  to  me  in  it  a  Copy  of  his 
Letter  to  Colonel  Lawrence  upon  the  same  Occasion. 

To  prevent  any  Disappointment  which  might  arise  from 
the  Miscarriage  of  Colonel  Lawrence's  Packet  to  Halifax  by 
some  Accident,  I  took  the  first  Opportunity  of  transmitting 
to  him  Copies  of  my  own,  and  acquainting  him  with  my 
Readiness  in  obedience  to  his  Majesty's  Orders  to  enter  into 
a  Concert  with  him  of  the  most  proper  Measures  for  execut- 
ing the  Service  injoin'd  us,  and  to  give  him  all  the  Assist- 
ance in  my  Power  for  effecting  it. 

These  Copies  arriv'd  at  Halifax  before  the  Original 
Orders ;  But  before  the  Arrival  even  of  the  Copies,  Colonel 
Lawrence  had  wrote  a  Letter  to  me  dated  the  5th  of  Last 


November,  in  which  he  acquaints  me,  "  that  being  well 
"  Inform'd  that  the  French  have  Designs  of  incroaching  still 
"  further  upon  his  Majesty's  Rights  in  that  Province,  and 
that  they  propose,  the  moment  they  have  repair'd  the 
Fortifications  of  Louisbourg,  to  attack  Fort  Lawrence  at 
Chiegnecto,  he  thought  it  high  time  to  make  some  Effort  to 
drive  them  from  the  North  side  of  the  Bay  of  Funda :  But 
as  it  was  impossible  for  him  to  collect  Men  enough  to  execute 
that  Design,  without  weakening  the  Metropolis  and  exposing 
the  Settlers  in  that  part  of  the  Provinoe  to  the  Insults  of  the 
French  [Inhabitants]  "  and  Indians,  that  he  had  sent  the 
Bearer  Lieu?  Colonel  Monckton  to  sollicit  my  Assistance  and 
to  Advise  with  me  how  such  an  Undertaking  might  be  carry'd 
on  with  the  greatest  privacy,  &  Effect:  That  he  had  his 
Directions  to  propose  to  me  the  raising  two  thousand  Men, 
wch  if  it  could  be  done  early  in  the  Spring  would,  he 
believ'd,  with  what  Regular  Troops  he  should  be  able  to  add 
to  them,  be  sufficient  to  do  the  Business:  That  I  must 
undoubtedly  be  sensible  what  an  Advantage  we  shall  gain 
upon  the  French  by  attacking  them  first,  more  especially  as 
their  chief  Dependance  is  the  Indians,  and  the  revolted 
French  Inhabitants,  from  the  District  of  Schiegnecto,  who 
most  probably  would  leave  them,  when  they  shall  find  they 
are  unable  to  keep  their  Ground,  and  who  would  infallibly 
Assist  the  French,  if  they  should  begin  with  us,  That  these 
Considerations  had  induc'd  him  to  put  this  Design  in  Execu- 
tion as  early  in  the  Spring  as  may  be,  before  the  Ships  of 
War  shall  arrive  at  Louisbourg  from  France ;  that  they 
would  be  in  the  greatest  Want  of  provisions  &  Warlike 
Stores ;  and  what  he  flatter'd  himself  would  greatly  favour 
the  Design  at  this  Juncture,  was  the  Incroachments,  the 
French  had  made  upon  the  Ohio,  to  "  which  place  their 
"  Force  &  Attention  seem'd  at  present  to  be  intirely  drawn 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  353 

He  adds,  among  other  cogent  reasons  for  carrying  this 
Design  into  Execution  this  Spring  "that  the  most  pressing 
one  "  was  self  preservation,  being  ( as  he  had  observ'd 
before)  well  inform'd  that  the  French  were  meditating  an 
Attempt  on  his  Majesty's  Fort  at  Schiegnecto  to  be  executed 
as  soon  as  their  Affairs  would  Admit  of  such  an  Enterprize  ; 
and  that  he  was  further  induc'd  to  give  Credit  to  this 
Information,  because  he  well  knew  the  Difficulties,  the 
French  labour  under  at  present  for  want  of  Land  to  put  the 
revolted  Inhabitants  upon,  whom  they  are  now  Oblig'd 
chiefly  to  maintain  at  the  French  King's  Charge,  &  that  for 
Want  of  a  free  Navigation  in  the  Bay  of  Funda,  they  were 
put  to  such  Streights  for  provisions,  that  they  dare  not 
collect  the  Inhabitants  in  Bodies  near  them  for  fear  so  great 
a  Consumption  would  cause  a  general  Famine  and  Oblige 
them  to  quit  the  Country  :  That  he  had  taken  the  Precaution 
of  sending  two  arm'd  Vessels  into  the  Bay  with  possitive 
Orders  to  prevent  any  Corn's  being  carry'd  to  the  French 
from  Pisiquid,  Minas  or  Annapolis  Royal,  for  which  purpose 
the  Council  of  that  Province  had  pass'd  an  Act  laying  a  very 
heavy  Penalty  on  the  Exportation  of  Grain  without  a  Permit 
from  him. 

I  thought  it  proper  to  point  out  to  you,  Gentlemen, 
Colonel  Lawrence's  beforemention'd  Reasons  for  prosecuting 
the  propos'd  Enterprise  this  Spring ; —  other  Motives  by 
which  he  has  acted  in  it  you  will  find  set  forth  in  an  Extract 
of  his  Letter,  which  I  shall  Order  the  Secretary  to  lay  before 
you  as  I  shall  the  Letters  of  Sir  Thomas  Robinson's  to  both 
of  us. 

I  would  add  some  further  Arguments  for  doing  it,  which 
appear  to  me  of  great  Weight. 

I  think,  Gentlemen,  there  is  strong  Reason  to  apprehend 
that  when  the  French  shall  Attempt  to  extend  their  Incroach- 



ments  upon  the  Peninsula,  they  will  endeavour  to  carry  them 
as  far  as  Annapolis  Royal. 

We  certainly  know  that  the  Court  of  France  in  the 
Memorial  of  their  Commissaries  upon  the  limits  of  Accadie  - 
deliver'd  to  his  Majesty's  Commissaries  at  Paris  in  1750 
claim  the  whole  country  to  the  Westward  and  Southward  of 
the  River  S*  Lawrence  as  far  as  the  Kennebeck  on  one  side 
of  the  Bay  of  Funda  and  Annapolis  Royal  on  the  other,  and 
they  may  with  the  same  Pretensions  seize  upon  it  as  far  as 
Annapolis  Royal,  as  they  have  already  done  upon  the 
Isthmus  &  S*  John's  River. 

It  seems  not  to  be  doubted  but  that  they  are  under  a 
Necessity  of  extending  their  Incroachments  as  far  as  Minas 
in  Order  to  find  room  for  the  revolted  Inhabitants  of 
Schiegnecto  to  resettle  upon  Farms  ;  and  as  it  would  greatly 
facilitate  their  doing  that,  if  they  could  by  any  means  induce 
the  Inhabitants  of  Minas  and  Annapolis  River  to  Join  with 
them;  wch  would  give  the  French  an  Addition  of  upwards 
of  4000  fighting  Men,  with  the  most  fruitfull  part  of  the 
Country,  and  consequently  an  exceeding  strong  hold  upon 
the  peninsula ;  it  can't  but  be  a  prevailing  Motive  with  them 
to  Attempt  it ;  especially  as  upon  the  raising  of  two  English 
Regiments  in  their  Neighbourhood,  they  must  be  doubtless 
alarm'd  for  the  Safety  of  their  Present  Possessions  unless 
they  shall  strengthen  themselves  in  them  by  gaining  such  an 
Addition  of  fighting  Men  and  Country  for  their  Subsistence 
as  I  have  mention'd. 

The  proper  Opportunity,  Gentlemen,  of  their  availing 
themselves  of  these  advantages  must  be  unquestionly  before 
his  Majesty's  Troops  in  Nova  Scotia  shall  be  reinforced,  and 
whilest  the  present  Strength  of  the  French  upon  the  Isthmus 
is  sufficient  to  oblige  his  Majesty's  Garrison  at  Schiegnecto 
to  abandon  their  Fort  there  which  is  doubtless  in  their 
Power  to  do  at  present. 


If  the  French  should  Attack  Fort  Lawrence  this  Spring 
before  the  Governour  there  shall  receive  a  reinforcement  it 
is  well  known  that  the  Garrison  in  it  could  not  hold  out  a 
day  against  a  very  few  small  Cannon,  &  the  Forces  of  every 
kind  which  the  French  could  muster  against  it  upon  the 
Isthmus  ;  The  best  that  could  be  hop'd  for  in  such  Case  is 
that  the  Garrison  might  possibly  make  a  good  Retreat,  which 
it  is  greatly  to  be  fear'd  would  of  itself  encourage  the 
Accadians  of  Minas  &  Annapolis  Royal  to  join  with  their 
revolted  Brethren  of  Schiegnecto,  in  openly  declaring  for  the 
French ;  If  that  should  not  effect  it  ( w,;h  seems  scarcely  to 
be  doubted)  the  Appearance  of  two  or  three  French  Ships 
of  War  in  Bay  Verte  or  the  Bay  of  Funda  at  the  same  time 
certainly  would. 

If  the  French  should  succeed  in  such  an  Attempt  &  not 
content  themselves  with  the  Acquisition  of  what  they  insist 
they  have  a  Right  to  take  from  us  by  any  kind  of  Violence 
without  being  guilty  of  a  Violation  of  the  Treaties  of 
Utrecht  and  Aix  la  Chapelle  to  proceed  to  what  they  must 
call  Acts  of  Hostility  as  soon  as  they  shall  judge  they  are 
strong  enough  on  this  Continent  to  venture  upon  them,  it 
seems  no  difficult  Matter  for  them  to  find  an  Opportunity  of 
landing  a  number  of  Troops  upon  the  Peninsula,  wch  in  con- 
junction with  the  Force  they  will  then  have  there,  will 
enable  them  by  a  sudden  Blow  to  remove  the  present  English 
Garrisons  &  Settlements  &  make  themselves  Masters  of  the 
whole  Province  of  Nova  Scotia,  the  Rivers  of  Pentagoet  and 
Kennebeck,  and  the  Eastern  parts  of  New  England  as  far  as 
the  River  Merrimac ;  all  which  would  give  them  a  Country 
&  Sea  Coast  capable  of  subsisting  a  large  Body  of  Forces  at 
Land,  and  together  with  Louisbourg,  stationing  a  Naval 
Force  sufficient  to  dispute  the  Mastery  of  these  Seas ;  If  this 
should  happen  to  be  the  case,  it  must  be  the  Work  of  a  long 
&  expensive  War  to  retrieve  the  Blow ;  if  that  could  ever  be 


done ;  if  it  should  not  be  retrievable ;  I  believe  every 
Member  of  this  Assembly  would  join  with  me  in  pronounc- 
ing that  New  England  would  in  a  short  time  be  lost  to  the 

I  can't  think  it  is  an  Extravagant  Supposition,  Gentlemen, 
to  say  that  this  may  possibly  prove  to  be  the  case  if  timely 
and  Vigorous  Efforts  are  not  us'd  to  stop  the  French 
Incroachments  upon  the  Peninsula :  If  we  may  judge,  how 
determin'd  the  French  are  to  make  themselves  Masters  of 
Nova  Scotia  from  the  lengths  they  have  gone  to  seize  on  the 
Ohio  &  Country  adjacent  in  Manifest  Violation  of  the  above 
mention'd  Treaties,  why  should  we  think  it  improbable  that 
they  will  go  the  same  lengths  in  Nova  Scotia ;  They  have 
not  only  form'd  a  Line  of  Circumvallation  round  the  British 
Dominions  from  Cape  Briton  to  the  Gulf  of  Mexico,  but 
have  settled  a  Communication  between  Louisbourg  &  Quebec 
across  the  Isthmus  of  the  Peninsula  over  the  Bay  of  Funda 
&  thro'  the  River  S*  John's  :  a  large  Empire  is  now  at  Stake, 
wch  they  have  long  had  in  View  &  have  been  steadily 
pursuing  upon  an  uniform  Plan  from  the  beginning;  If  they 
should  gain  it,  they  would  thereby  la}'  a  surer  foundation  for 
establishing  a  general  Dominion  by  Sea  as  well  as  Land,  wch 
hath  been  for  many  years  the  Grand  Object  of  their  Councils, 
than  it  is  in  their  Power  to  do  by  any  other  Measures: 
Nova  Scotia  is  the  Northern  Key  of  this  Continent,  wch  if 
they  could  be  Masters  of,  would  open  an  Entrance  for  them 
to  pour  in  their  Troops  from  France  at  Pleasure ;  it  is  like- 
wise a  fertile  Soil  which  would  enable  them  to  subsist  a 
large  standing  Body  of  Regular  Forces,  which  it  is  not  in 
their  Power  to  do  without  it :  It  seems  therefore  reasonable 
to  expect  that  they  are  meditating  some  sudden  Blow  to 
seize  upon  the  whole  of  it. 

In  a  late  Letter,  which  I  have  receiv'd  from  Colonel 
Lawrence  he  informs  me  that  he  is  preparing  new  Batteries 

OF    THE    STATE    OF    MAESTE  357 

for  the  reception  of  Mr  La  Galissioniere  at  Halifax  :  That 
Gentleman  is  universally  reputed  to  be  the  Projector  of  the 
present  French  Schemes  upon  the  Ohio  for  the  junction  of 
Canada  with  the  Missisippi ;  and  to  have  the  principal  Share 
in  the  Direction  of  their  Councils  for  the  Affairs  of  Canada 
abroad  &  their  Marine  at  home ;  It  is  easy  to  be  believ'd 
that  the  Court  of  France  should  have  no  other  Views  in 
equipping  their  late  Armament  from  Toulon  than  to  chastize 
the  petty  State  of  Tunis,  &  afterwards  exercise  their  Mari- 
ners, or  that  an  Officer  of  Mr  La  Galissioniere's  Character 
&  Importance,  should  be  sent  out  upon  no  other  Command. 

Let  us  not  flatter  ourselves  too  much,  Gentlemen,  with 
our  boasted  Superiority  of  Numbers  to  that  of  the  French 
upon  this  Continent:  what  hath  that  hitherto  avail' d  some 
of  our  most  populous  &  rich  Western  Colonies ;  how  long 
are  we  sure  of  preserving  that  Advantage  over  them. 

If  the  French  should  maintain  their  Ground  in  the  West- 
ern parts  of  his  Majesty's  Territories  here ;  they  must  in  all 
probability  by  the  End  of  the  Year  or  Spring  following  have 
gain'd  the  whole  Body  of  Indians  inhabiting  that  Country, 
&  the  whole  Six  Nations  over  to  their  Interest,  &  establish 
a  line  of  Forts  upon  the  Great  Lakes  &  Rivers  close  upon 
the  back  of  the  English  Colonies  from  South  Carolina  to 
New  York. 

It  may  be  computed  that  in  the  four  first  of  these  Colonies 
reckon'd  together  there  are  full  as  many  Negro  Slaves 
capable  of  bearing  Arms,  as  there  are  white  fighting  Men  ; 
very  dangerous  Conspiracies  of  them  unarm'd  &  unsupported 
by  any  other  Force,  for  making  a  General  rising  against  their 
Masters  have  not  been  unfrequent  in  these  Colonies ;  one 
happen'd  not  above  fourteen  Years  ago  in  the  City  of  New 
York,  tho'  the  Slaves  in  it  are  but  few  in  proportion  to  the 
Number  of  the  white  Inhabitants :  In  Jamaica  a  Body  of 
fugitave  Negroes  held  out  several  Years  against  the  whole 


force  of  the  Island :  when  those  of  the  four  most  Western 
Colonies  shall  be  intic'd  with  large  promises  by  the  French 
from  without,  who  are  able  to  protect,  and  instigated  by  their 
Emissaries  within,  to  rise  against  or  desert  their  Masters,  is 
not  there  the  utmost  Reason  to  Apprehend  that  they  would 
seek  the  first  Opportunity  of  doing  it. 

It  is  well  known  how  much  those  four  Colonies  abound 
with  Roman  Catholicks,  Jacobites,  &  transported  Convicts, 
who  far  from  being  to  be  depended  upon  against  the  Enemy 
would  doubtless,  many  of  them,  instigate  the  Slaves  to  rebel, 
and  perhaps  join  with  them :  To  all  these  may  be  added  the 
Great  Numbers  of  Foreigners  scatter'd  thro'  these  four 
Colonies,  several  of  them  Roman  Catholicks,  &  all  of  them 
indifferent  about  changing  the  English  for  a  French  Govern- 
ment, provided  they  could  be  eas'd  of  their  present  Quit 
rents,  and  have  their  Grants  of  Land  inlarg'd  to  them. 

As  to  the  Province  of  Pensilvania,  th6  their  Negro  Slaves 
bear  no  proportion  to  the  white  Inhabitants,  yet  their 
Governm1,  is  compos'd  chiefly  of  persons,  whose  religious 
principles  hinder  them  from  putting  their  Country  into  a 
posture  of  defence  against  an  Enemy,  &  a  third  part  of  the 
Inhabitants  consists  of  Strangers  whose  Attachment  to  the 
English  Government  may  for  the  Reasons  before  mention'd 
be  suspected  in  a  time  of  Distress. 

Should  the  French  when  Augmented  by  the  Indians,  and 
a  further  Reinforcem*  from  France  erect  their  Standard  in  the 
Settlement  wch  they  have  already  begun  to  make  on  the 
Back  of  our  Western  Colonies,  might  they  not  draw  together 
a  Force  superior  to  theirs  ? 

If  it  should  be  demanded  how  the  Body  is  to  be  subsisted 
would  it  be  impracticable  for  them  soon  to  possess  them- 
selves of  one  or  two  fertile  Provinces  in  the  Heart  of  his 
Majesty's  Western  Colonies  capable  of  supporting  them  upon 
the  Lakes  and  Rivers,  and  in  the  Country  adjacent,  wch  of 


itself  must,  if  cultivated  become  in  a  short  time  one  of  the 
finest  Granaries  &  Countries  for  breeding  Cattle  &  other  live 
Stock  in  the  World. 

We  ought  not  to  look  upon  this,  Gentlemen,  as  a  Scheme 
merely  visionary ;  Instances  of  very  sudden  Revolutions 
have  happen'd  in  powerful  States  from  Causes  less  visible  or 
probable  than  what  may  be  assign'd  for  this :  one  proceeding 
from  the  Causes  I  have  mention'd  must  in  its  Nature  be  such  ; 
&  when  conducted  by  People  of  so  enterprizing  a  Spirit,  & 
so  rapid  in  their  Motions,  as  the  French  would  not  be 
unlikely  to  succeed :  such  a  Scheme  is  suited  to  their 
Genius,  &  to  their  original  plan  of  making  themselves 
Masters  of  this  Continent. 

I  have  enter'd  so  far  into  a  Consideration  of  the  State  of 
the  Western  Colonies  and  the  bad  Consequences,  wch  have  & 
may  still  further  attend  the  progress  w,h  the  French  have 
been  suffer'd  to  make  in  their  Incroachments  upon  them,  in 
order  to  shew  the  Necessity  of  putting  a  speedy  End  to  their 
Incroachments  in  Nova  Scotia,  wch  they  have  carry'd  on 
already  to  more  dangerous  lengths  than  is  consistent  with 
the  Safety  either  of  that  Province  or  the  Colonies  of  New 

It  is  happy  for  us  that  we  have  now  a  fair  Opportunity 
Offer'd  of  ridding  the  Province  of  its  dangerous  Neighbours, 
with  all  the  Mischiefs  that  threaten'd  it  from  their  remaining 
so  near:  dislodging  the  French  from  their  Forts  upon  the 
Isthmus  &  S1  John's  River,  and  driving  them  out  of  Nova 
Scotia  would  immediately  cutt  off  their  Communication 
between  Louisbourg  &  Canada  across  the  Peninsula  and  Bay 
of  Funda,  and  break  a  principal  link  in  the  chain  of  Forts 
with  which  they  have  surrounded  the  English  Colonies ;  it 
would  be  wounding  the  Serpent  in  the  head,  disconcerting 
their  Scheme  in  its  most  essential  part. 

By    this    Means    we    might,    Gentlemen,    if   the    Eastern 


Colonies  could  unite  in  improving  the  remainder  of  the  Year 
in  proper  Operations,  establish  such  a  line  of  English  Forts 
from  the  Isthmus  to  Crown  Point  as  would  be  an  effectual 
Bridle  upon  the  French  Settlements  on  the  River  Canada, 
and  put  it  into  our  Power  to  make  a  sudden  descent  into 
Quebeck  and  Montreal  at  one  and  the  same  time:  1  need 
not  Observe  to  you  how  good  an  Effect  this  must  likewise 
have  upon  the  Circumstances  of  the  Western  Colonies  by  the 
powerfull  Diversion  it  would  make  of  the  French  Forces 
upon  the  Ohio  for  the  defence  of  their  two  capital  Cities  in 
the  very  Heart  of  Canada;  and  how  happy  an  Influence  it 
must  have  in  our  favour  upon  all  the  Indians  on  the 

It  is  upon  these  Considerations,  Gentlemen,  that  I  have 
determin'd  to  endeavour  to  raise  two  thousand  Men  in  this 
&  the  other  Colonies  of  New  England  to  be  join'd  with  so 
many  of  his  Majesty's  Troops  in  Nova  Scotia  as  Colonel 
Lawrence  can  spare  for  the  Service,  without  exposing  the 
English  Settlements  within  his  Goverment,  in  an  Attempt  to 
drive  the  French  out  of  that  Province  :  This  Body  of  Forces 
will  be  rais'd  under  my  Commission  as  their  Colonel,  with 
Major  General  Winslow  for  their  next  Commanding  Officer ; 
they  will  receive  the  King's  Bounty  Money,  pay  uniform 
Cloathing  (the  most  proper  that  can  be  got  here)  and 
Arms,  &  have  every  thing  provided  for  them  which  is 
necessary  for  their  comfortable  Subsistence,  and  the  preserva- 
tion of  their  Healths  during  the  time  of  their  Engagement  in 
the  Service  which  will  expire  at  the  End  of  the  Year  for 
which  term  they  will  be  enlisted,  tho'  I  hope  the  Service  may 
be  effected  in  a  few  Months,  in  wch  Case  they  or  most  of 
them  will  have  their  Dismission  sooner,  &  provision  made  for 
conveying  them  back  to  their  Habitations. 

You  must  be  sensible,  Gentlemen,  how  much  the  Success 
of  this  Expedition  will  depend  upon  it's  being  kept  secret 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  361 

from  the  French ;  It  is  for  this  Reason  that  I  have  delay'd 
beginning  to  enlist  the  Men  untill  six  Weeks  before  it  is 
propos'd  they  should  imbark  for  the  Bay  of  Funda,  wch  I 
hope  may  be  a  sufficient  time  for  compleating  the  levies  &  all 
preparations  for  their  Imbarcation,  In  the  mean  time  such 
preparations  have  been  making  as  were  consistent  wth  the 
privacy  requisite  in  the  Case  &  I  have  upon  this  Occasion 
borrow'd  from  Ll  Govr  De  lancey  a  Train  of  Artillery,  the 
same  I  did  from  Govr  Clinton  upon  the  Expedition  against 
Louisbourg:  Col1  Lawrence  &  myself  have  both  of  us  solic- 
ited for  a  Naval  Force  from  Engld  to  Assist  in  the  Service, 
&  to  protect  these  parts  against  any  French  Ships  of  War 
wch  may  be  sent  to  Act  offensively  against  them :  We  have 
also  wrote  to  Commodore  Keppell  upon  this  Occasion  ;  and 
no  Precaution  that  it  is  in  my  Power  to  take  for  the  Support 
of  this  Expedition  upon  any  Emergency  shall  be  wanting. 

Colonel  Lawrence,  Gentlemen,  proposes  that  the  Gov1  of 
Nova  Scotia  should  bear  the  Expence  of  this  Enterprize :  I 
am  sensible  of  the  Charges  this  Province  hath  been  at  upon 
the  late  Expedition  on  the  Kennebeck,  &  shall  not  press  you 
to  contribute  more  towards  it,  than  what  yourselves  shall 
Judge  necessary  for  you  to  do  for  the  Honour  of  the  Prov- 
ince wch  is  deeply  interested  in  the  Success  of  it,  &  as  a 
Mark  of  your  Encouraging  it  in  wch  I  hope  you  will  all 
heartily  join. 

It  is  prudent  that  as  little  should  transpire  of  this  Design 
as  is  possible,  for  wch  Reason  I  doubt  not  but  you  will  take 
the  same  Measures  for  binding  your  several  Members  to 
Secrecy,  as  was  done  in  the  Expedition  against  Louisbourg. 

Whatever  Intelligence  I  have  received  during  this  recess 
worthy  of  your  Notice,  I  shall  lay  before  you  together  wth 
the  Business  necessary  to  be  dispatch'd  this  Session  tomor- 
row morning  or  in  the  beginning  of  the  next  Week :  and  will 
not  detain  you  longer  than  to  acquaint  you  Gentlemen  of  the 


House  of  Representatives  that  I  have  comply'd  with  your 
Request  to  me  in  writing  to  the  Rl  Honble  Lords  Commis- 
sioners for  Trade  &  plantations,  upon  the  Subject  of  the 
Excise  Act. 

W  Shirley 
Council  Chamber  Feby  7th  1755 


Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Represent1"58 

As  I  apprehend  it  absolutely  necessary  for  prosecuting  the 
Expedition  agreed  upon  by  the  Governments  of  New  Eng- 
land, that  a  standing  Commee  for  laying  in  all  warlike  Stores 
&  other  matters  requisite  to  be  done  in  the  Recess  of  the 
Court,  should  be  immediately  appointed,  as  was  in  the  Case 
of  the  Expedition  against  Cape  Breton. 

I  desire  that  you  would  proceed  as  soon  as  may  be  to 
chuse  such  Committee. 

W  Shirley 

Letter,  Tho8  Fletcher  to  Gov.  Shirley  Feb.  13,  1755. 

May  it  please  Your  Excelency  I  have  Received  advice  from 
the  Chefs  of  the  Penobscot  Tribe  and  tho*  proper  to  inform 
Your  Excelency  They  told  me  that  in  the  Spring  there  would 
be  a  great  number  of  Canada  Indians  at  their  Village;  I 
asked  them  what  they  thot  their  buisness  was  they  said  they 
Could  not  tell  but  they  thot  to  do  mischeif ;  I  asked  them 
what  Place  they  would  be  most  likely  to  do  mischeif  at  they 
said  Georges  for  that  the  french  for  years  past  had  done  all 
they  could  to  break  the  Peace  that  now  Subsists  between 

OF   THE   STATE    OP   MAINE  863 

Your  Excelency  And  us  a  few  days  ago  the  trench  sent  us  A 
hatchet  urged  us  to  take  it  and  strike  the  English  We  told 
them  we  should  not  whilst  the  Kings  were  at  peace  and  they 
were  angrey  and  threatened  us  they  also  said  their  Jesuit  is 
gone  to  Passamaquda  and  Sl  Johns  to  Stir  up  them  tribes  of 
Indians  to  war  they  also  told  me  to  be  carfull  And  tell  the 
people  not  to  go  out  to  there  buisness  as  useuall  after  the 
rivers  are  broke  up ;  they  also  told  me  the  french  had  lately 
wrote  them  that  there  are  Six  men  of  war  Going  against  Sl 
Johns  In  the  Spring ;  two  from  England  ;  two  from  Boston  ; 
&  two  from  Halifax, —  I  told  them  I  knew  nothing  of  it ; 
they  said  if  such  A  thing  should  be  they  should  look  upon  it 
as  going  Against  them  for  that  they  had  given  the  french 
leave  to  live  there.  It  being  all  the  Inteligence  that  I  could 
get  at  present;  I  beg  leave  to  Subscribe  my  self  Your  Excel- 
ency8 most  obedient  Humble  Servent 

Tho8  Fletcher 
S*  Georges  fort  Febr  ye  13th  1755. 

Letter,  Grov.  Shirley  to  James  Johnson 

Boston  15  Feby  1755 
Mr  Johnson 

There  have  some  Things  happen'd  in  our  publick  Affairs 
since  your  going  from  Boston  with  my  Lett18  to  the  Govr  of 
Canada  of  ye  Motions  of  the  French  of  Canada  for  further 
Invading  his  Majestys  Territories  on  the  Frontiers  of  New 
York  &  New  Hampshire  as  make  it  unsafe  for  you  (  as  well 
as  for  the  Publick )  to  proceed  at  present  on  your  Journey  to 
Quebeck;  And  therefore  I  expect  that  you  do  forthwith 
upon  Receiving  this  Letter  return  back  &  lay  aside  any 
Thoughts  of  going  forward  on  this  Journey  till  you  have  my 
Leave  or  the  Leave  of  Governor  Wentworth  to  whom  I  shall 


write  &  inform  him  of  what  I  have  undertook  to  do  in  this 
Matter ;  In  which  His  Majestys  Service  is  so  much  concernd 
Your  Friend  &  Servant 

W  Shirley 
James  Johnson 

Letter,  Oapt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley,  Feb.  20,  1755. 

Sr  may  it  please  Your  Excellency. 

I  have  Recd  your  Excellencys  Letters  of  Janr  ye  18th  1755 
and  have  observed  ye  Contents  of  them,  which  gives  me  Grate 
Satisfaction  to  find  your  Excellency  has  ben  pleased  In  So 
Generous  a  manner  to  Comply  with  my  proposals  Respecting 
the  Boates  and  ye  Transportation  of  ye  Supplyes  from  Arou- 
sick  to  Fort  Western,  which  Supplyes  I  understant  is  soon 
to  be  Landed  there,  also  I  would  Informe  your  Excellency 
nothing  Gives  me  more  pleashure  then  that  your  Excellency 
is  pleased  to  approve  of  any  of  my  Conduct  ( being  Sensible 
of  my  owne  Incapassiety  for  ye  trust  your  Excellency  is 
pleased  to  Repose  In  me  )  which  I  Can't  but  owne  is  not 

but  this  your  Excellency  may  asure  your  Selfe  so  far  as  I 
am  Capaible,  will  Do  ye  Best  to  answar  your  Excellencys 
expecttations  In  every  particular,  Relating  to  my  present 
Station  of  Life,  which  has  given  me  no  Small  Consern,  and 
Can  asure  your  Excellency  I  have  not  had  one  Days  Rest  In 
body  or  mind  Since  I  left  your  Excellency  last  Fall,  which 
may  seem  extraordinary  to  any  elce,  but  your  Excellency 
who  Dos  not  Considder  ye  truble  we  had  with  ye  Hay  In  ye 
Fall  which  was  Landed  at  Richmond  Fort  from  whence  we 
ware  obliged  to  Carry  it  In  gundelows  to  Fort  Western  and 
Sundery  Times  Drove  a  Shore  in  our  passige  there  by  Ice  and 
had  like  to  have  Loast  Boath  Hay  &  gundelows,  which  gave 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  365 

us  Considderable  Toyle,  and  all  on  account  of  ye  Hays  not 
being  sent  Timeoniously,  as  also  the  other  various  Circum- 
stances of  ye  Situation  of  Fort  Hallifax. 

but  I  am  grately  incouriged  from  your  excellencys  grate 
Wisdum  &  goodness,  that  our  present  Dificultyes  will  be  In 
a  Shorte  Time  (in  Som  meashure)  abated,  here  I  Can  Informe 
your  Excellency  that  I  have  Recd  ye  Supply  Sent  Last  by 
Cap*  Sanders  which  ware  Landed  at  arousick  20  miles  below 
Richmond  Fort  on  ocasion  of  ye  Ice,  from  whence  we  gunde- 
lowed  them  to  ye  Chops  of  merry  meeting  Bay,  and  after 
haveing  Lodged  ye  above  Supplys  there  the  men  being  much 
fetigued  in  that  piece  of  Service,  ocasioned  me  to  aply  to 
Cap1  Hunter  of  Topsham  and  Cap1  Duning  of  Brunswick  two 
Independent  Captains,  for  ther  assistence  to  helpe  me  in 
Transpoarting  ye  above  Supply es  as  also  to  assist  in  Carrying 
ye  provisions  from  Fort  Western  to  Fort  Hallifax,  which 
garrison  was  almost  Destitude  of  provisions  &  Cloathing,  my 
applycation  to  ye  above  Captains,  was  before  we  had  ye 
account  of  your  Excellencys  Resolve  for  Reinforcement  of 
the  Garrison  of  Fort  Hallifax  with  40  Men,  which  ware  to 
be  Drawen  out  of  ye  Several  Independent  Companys,  and 
Consiquentely  I  had  no  Right  (but  as  needsessiety  obliged 
me)  to  Requier  their  help  as  above,  but  notwithstanding, 
thay  very  Redely  Came  and  brought  with  them  19  men  out 
of  their  Sevaral  Companys,  which  Continived  21  Days  In 
the  Province  Service,  and  at  ye  expiration  of  those  Days  thay 
ware  Discharged  In  which  Time  by  their  assistinc,  with  ye 
help  of  two  Horses  which  I  Impress11  we  Carried  to  Fort  Hal- 
lifax all  those  Suplyes  which  ware  left  at  ye  Chops  of  mery 
meeting  Bay,  and  after  I  had  Distributed  ye  above  shoas 
stocking  Blankets  Beds  &c  which  ware  exceedingly  wanted 
there  I  then  Could  muster  about  40  affective  men  at  ye  above 
Fort,  which  I  Imployd  by  Turns  with  those  of  Cap1  Duning 
&  Hunters  men,  and  have  Lodged  Intierly  all  ye  Suplys  In 


Fort  Hallifax  that  belonged  there,  So  that  we  have  now  about 
2  months  and  half  of  provision  for  that  Fort,  our  next 
Reliefe  I  would  Informe  your  Excellency  will  Intierly 
Depend  on  the  Boats  I  proposed,  if  those  be  not  Sent  before 
ye  above  provision  is  expended,  the  Fort  may  be  Lost  for 
want  of  Supplys  which  we  Cant  purchis  no  other  ways  with- 
out vast  expence  to  ye  province,  and  grate  Hazed  of  mens 
Lives,  on  this  Depends  ye  presarwation  of  Fort  Hallifax,  and 
as  ye  enemy  will  have  grate  advantage  on  account  of  ye  Difi- 
culty  of  ye  River,  which  Seems  to  Invite  them  as  it  ware,  to 
oppose  our  going  up  &  Down  sd  River  which  I  make  no 
Doubt  is  their  Designe,  and  as  we  may  expect  a  powerfull 
party  of  Indians  Joyned  by  the  French  to  oppose  ye  Trans- 
poaxting  of  our  Stores,  therfor  I  think  those  Stores  must  be 
guarded  by  a  Strong  party  of  our  Side,  In  order  to  give  ye 
Enemy  a  Smart  Repulce  if  thay  should  attact  us  in  this 
maner,  and  I  expect  no  other  then  thay  will,  this  affair  will 
Requier  ye  utmost  Caution  and  Disspatch,  to  prevent  yd 
Enemys  being  more  numerous,  which  a  long  Succion  of  such 
Service  might  produce,  if  ye  men  and  Boats  be  ordered  to 
Fort  Western  In  Due  Season  which  ought  not  by  no  means 
to  exceed  the  middle  of  Aprill  at  farthest,  the  gitting  up  ye 
Stores  will  be  Soon  Compleeted  (that  being  the  best  Season 
for  this  Service)  and  ye  province  soon  eased  of  this  extrordi- 
nery  expence,  I  would  not  perscribe  to  your  Excellency  what 
number  of  men  might  be  Suficent  to  asscort  those  Stores  in 
their  Transportation,  but  Say  we  expect  a  party  of  French  & 
Indians  to  attact  us  this  Spring,  and  by  the  advice  of  ye 
Indians,  to  ye  French,  thay  Cant  be  Ignerent  but  this  must 
be  ye  most  proabable  way  by  which  thay  Can  make  ye  most 
Considderable  Impression  on  us,  therefor  I  would  here  Rec- 
ommend this  thing  to  your  Excellency  In  a  perticular  maner, 
lest  it  should  miscarry,  and  be  followed  by  ye  loss  of  ye  Fort, 
as  also  a  grate  many  Lives  Secrificed  to  ye  Inhumainaty  of  ye 


Indians, —  now  in  answar  to  yp  proposals  boath  of  your 
Excellency,  and  ye  Honorable  Court  viz*  to  fortify  Hallifas 
agains  the  Battery  of  Small  Canon,  In  Such  parts  as  may  be 
exposed  most  to  ye  aproach  of  ye  Enemy  &c  — 

and  here  with  grate  Submission  (to  all  my  Superiours  In 
Judgment,  as  well  as  on  other  accounts)  offer  your  Excellency 
my  Centiments  on  ye  present  Fort  under  Considderation  — 

In  ye  lirst  place  Fort  Hallifax  is  so  placed  under  a  Hill 
which  Rises  neer  a  100  feet  higher  then  ye  ground  whare  it 
Stands  which  will  Render  srt  Fort  very  Costely  to  fortifie  it 
agreable  to  your  Excellencys  Instructions,  and  I  must  Con- 
fess I  know  of  no  other  way  to  Comply  with  ye  above 
Instructions,  then  either  to  eract  a  Wall  which  must  be 
Canon  proof,  and  no  less  then  16  foot  High,  and  this  Wall 
must  be  no  less  then  200  feet  Long  to  Incumpass  halfe  the 
fort  which  is  Exposed  to  ye  Hill,  or  to  Cover  those  Barricks 
alredy  built,  as  well  as  those  to  be  arected  for  ye  officers,  and 
Recption  of  Stores,  by  another  Timber  Wall  at  a  proper  Dis- 
tence  and  filld  betwen  with  Clay,  and  this  must  be  Dun  on 
all  parts  of  those  Buildings  expos'1  to  ye  Hill  which  will  be 
about  one  halfe  of  those  buildings  that  must  be  thus  Secured, 
to  answar  any  end  against  Canon,  now  if  ye  Height  of  ye  Hill 
be  considdred,  I  think  it  will  be  alowd  the  Wall  must  be  ye 
height  I  have  proposd  and  y°  Houses  to  be  fortified  up  to  ye 
Wall  plates,  or  eves,  which  eves  are  about  Eight  feet  high, — 
and  as  to  there  being  a  proper  place  for  another  Ridoubt  on 
ye  Hill  which  your  Excellency  desiers  to  be  Informed  of,  I 
have  Survaied  ye  ground,  and  find  there  is,  now  Considdering 
ye  additional  Buildings  which  Can  be  no  less  then  2  Houses 
at  Least  of  44  feet  Long,  for  ye  officers  &  Reception  of  Stores 
&c  and  3  Small  Block  Houses  to  be  erected  in  ye  halfe  moons 
or  places  of  arms  for  the  Defence  of  ye  piquit  Work,  as  also 
for  ye  Centreys  to  Stand  guard  in,  and  all  these  to  be  fortified 
as  above,  the  expence  of  which  with  ye  additional  Cost  of 


another  Redoubt  on  ye  Hill,  will  be  Considerable,  and  after  it 
is  Dun  in  this  manner  which  is  the  Best  meathod  I  Can  think 
of,  it  will  be  an  Irregular  ill  formed  assemblige  of  Buildings, 
as  ever  was  huddled  togather,  to  be  Called  a  Fort,  and  will 
be  hard  to  Defend  all  those  Buildings  on  account  of  their 
Irragulariety,  and  the  large  Surcomference  of  ye  pequite 
Worke,  now  as  this  Fort  has  no  other  Defence  by  Canon, 
then  a  Right  Defence,  which  is  next  to  no  Defence,  In  forti- 
fication I  would  with  Submission  aske  your  Excellency 
whither  I  might  not  entirely  allter  ye  present  forme  of  Fort 
Hallifax,  and  make  a  Regular  Fortress  of  it,  with  either  2  or 
4  Flanks  agreable  to  Coll0  Mascorreens  Draft  which  will  be 
Cheper  In  ye  end  to  ye  province  then  to  finish  it  as  tis  begun, 
and  for  this  Reason,  because  ye  vast  number  of  pequites  that 
now  Incompasses  the  present  buildings  will  forever  want 
Reparing  wharas  if  it  was  made  a  Compact  Fort  of  about  100 
foot  Square  with  but  only  2  flancks  would  then  affoard  5 
Times  ye  Room  it  now  Contains,  and  would  be  five  Times 
esier  of  being  Defended  then  what  it  will  be  if  it  is  finished 
as  'tis- begun,  now  if  this  Should  be  agreable  to  your  Excel- 
lency, to  have  it  Built  in  ye  manner  I  have  proposed,  ye 
Blocks  of  ye  present  Buildings  will  be  all  Servisable  that 
thare  will  be  no  Considerable  waist  in  them  now  as  I  know 
not  what  objections  may  be  offred  against  this  proposal  of 
mine,  and  Canot  well  answar  them  befor  thay  are  offred  with- 
out being  very  tedious,  by  wrighting  but  I  am  fully  per- 
swaided  had  I  an  opertunity  I  Could  fully  Satisfie  either 
your  Excellency,  or  ye  Honerable  Court  or  any  others,  that  I 
am  Right  in  my  proposal  of  Building  it  in  this  maner,  and 
that  ye  Cost  will  be  but  a  trifle  more  in  this  way,  then  to 
finish  it  as  begun,  but  was  this  affair  entirely  at  my  opsion,  I 
would  pay  no  Regard  to  ye  Buildings  Called  Fort  Hallifax, 
but  would  at  all  adventure  erect  such  a  Fort  as  I  have  pro- 
posed on  ye  eminence  which  would  Save  ye  Cost  of  another 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  369 

Redoubt,  and  might  be  made  with  a  very  little  Cost  proof 
against  any  Canon,  or  any  attempts  ye  French  ever  would 
make  to  Distroy  it,  was  it  placed  here  ye  2  flancks  next  ye 
plane  onely  need  to  be  mad  Canon  proof  for  in  them  would 
be  Room  anought  to  Contain  all  ye  Souldiery  which  would 
be  Requisite  to  Defend  ye  Fort,  thus  I  have  given  your 
Excellency  my  very  best  opinion  how  the  Fort  ought  to  be 
Dun,  in  three  ways  either  to  finish  it  In  ye  forme  it  is  begun, 
or  to  alter  the  present  Situation  and  make  a  Regular  Fort  of 
it  where  it  now  Stands  or  Build  it  on  the  Hill. 

I  think  I  am  no  ways  Rash  in  my  Judgment.  I  have 
thouroughly  waighed  all  I  have  offred,  and  I  Belive  no  body 
has  thought  more  on  those  affairs  then  I  have  Dun,  not  but 
if  thay  had,  might  have  advised  better  then  I  Can  pretend 
to,  and  as  for  your  Excellency  or  ye  Court  to  Supose  this 
Fort  Can  be  Compleeted  In  two  monthes  Time  it  is  Impossi- 
ble, ware  it  to  be  attempted  by  a  Regiment  of  men  &  ye  Best 
officer  In  yp  province  to  head  them,  unless  all  ye  meterials 
ware  on  ye  Spot  -  which  will  Requier  to  Compleet  this  Work 
450  Tuns  of  Timber  for  ye  Walls,  Boards  &  planck  &c  -  40 
or  50  Thousend  Shingles  and  40  Thousent  Brick  besides 
Stone,  I  Could  have  had  all  this  Timber  on  ye  Spot  by  ye 
latter  end  of  march,  had  I  had  oxen  to  have  hailed  it,  but  as 
thare  was  no  possibility  for  us  to  git  ye  Hay  up  ye  River,  I 
was  therefor  obliged  to  order  matters  accordingly,  and  if  I 
had  Imploy'1  Workmen  to  have  Hewen  all  ye  above  Timber 
it  must  have  Remained  In  ye  Woods,  So  that  this  Could  have 
ben  of  no  Service  to  ye  thing,  for  I  am  sure  ever  I  Can  Secure 
Hay  &  oxen  ye  Timber  Can  be  Hewn  as  fast  as  it  Can  be 
haled,  and  ye  same  guard  will  Do  to  Cover  boath  ye  Carpen- 
ters and  Teems,  at  ye  same  Time,  which  will  be  best  on  all 
accounts,  now  as  there  is  but  a  very  few  Brick  that  is  not 
alredy  put  to  use,  they  Cant  be  Burnt  or  made,  till  the 
Wather  be  Seasonable  for  Such  Busniss,  and  as  we  have  no 



Stones  but  what  must  be  fetched  aCross  ye  River  which  Cant 
be  Dun  also  till  ye  Wether  is  Warm,  and  ye  River  fallen. — 

had  ye  40  Recruites  Came  at  ye  Time  ye  Court  prescribed, 
our  provisoions  would  have  ben  expended  before  we  Could 
have  possibely  got  more,  for  which  Reason  I  Discharged 
Cap1  Hunter  &  Duning  with  their  men,  who  ware  willing  to 
have  then  furnished  me  each  of  them,  with  their  Coto  of 
men,  agreable  to  your  Excellencys  Instructions,  and  Cap* 
Hunter  was  to  have  tarried  with  them,  During  your  excel- 
lencys pleasure  as  their  officer,  and  as  He  is  a  Compleet  Car- 
pinter,  and  perfitely  well  Skilled  In  Logg  Work,  I  then 
agreed  with  Cap*  Hunter  that  He  Should  bring  With  him, 
out  of  Cap1  Dunings,  &  His  Companye,  booath  their  Cotoas 
men,  of  Such  as  war  Skilled  boath  with  ye  Broad  &  narrow 
Axes,  In  order  to  procure  Timber  for  ye  Works,  but  I  tould 
Him  not  to  Com,  till  I  had  Informed  Him  I  had  got  Som 
Hay  up  to  Fort  Hallifax,  which  we  Should  have  then  hailed 
had  ye  Wather  permited,  Since  thay  war  Disscharged  I  have 
ben  able  only  to  Secure  2  Loads,  on  account  of  ye  Rivers 
braeking  up,  now  I  have  apointed  Cap1  Hunter  to  be  with 
me  ye  18th  of  febr  and  I  expect  Him  Accordingly  thare  has 
an  afair  hapned  betwen  Coll°  Cushing  of  Falmouth,  and  ye 
Independent  Captains,  which  Captains  looks  on't  to  be  a  very 
grate  hardship  (after  haveing  ben  at  a  Considerable  Lose  of 
Time  and  other  expences,  to  Rais  their  Companys,  and  Con- 
tinuely  hold  them  In  Rediness,  to  march  upon  any  Imer- 
giency)  for  the  above  Coll0  to  order  them  to  Impress  their 
owen  men  thay  have  thus  held  In  Rediness,  and  turne  them 
over  to  another  officer  of  Coll°  Cushings  appointing,  which 
thay  think  is  not  Consistent  with  any  Instructions  thay  have 
ever  yet  Recd  from  your  Excellency,  and  more  especialy  as 
thay  Do  not  belong  to  Coll0  Cushings  Regiment,  unless  it  is 
your  Excellencys  pleasure  first  to  Recall  or  make  voide  those 
Independent  Commissions,  or  to  put  them  under  ye  Command 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MADSTE  371 

of  sd  Coll0  In  which  Case  thay  will  be  Redy  to  follow  his 
Direction  as  thay  have  allways  ben  Redy  to  follow  your 
Excellencys,  there  for  thay  think  it  a  hardship  to  be  Diss- 
graced  In  not  haveing  the  privilige  of  goaing  som  or  other 
of  them,  with  their  own  men,  which  was  ye  grate  Inducement 
that  Inclined  their  men,  to  Inlist  under  them,  which  they 
Humbely  pray  your  Excellency  to  take  this  matter  Into  your 
Wise  Considderation,  and  alow  them  Still  ye  advantige  of 
marching  with  their  owen  men,  which  thay  say  thay  will  Do 
Cheerfully  when  ever  it  is  nessecery,  or  your  Excellency 
Gives  Command. — 

I  must  Say  this  In  favour  of  Cap*  Hunter  &  Cap*  Duning 
in  ye  Time  we  ware  gitting  up  ye  Stores,  thay  Boath  of  them 
exerted  them  Selves,  to  ye  utmost  of  their  power,  by  Incour- 
ieging  their  men,  and  hailing  themselves  with  their  men 
Constentely  up  &  Down  ye  River,  which  was  excessive  hard 
Service,  and  more  proper  for  Horces  then  men,  which  I 
belive  nobody  will  Denye  for  men  to  hall  lodned  Sleds  40  or 
50  miles  which  is  that  Disstence  from  merry  meeting  Bay  to 
Fort  Hallifax,  I  mentioned  this  affair  to  your  Excellency 
Respecting  ye  above  Collonel,  by  ye  Requist  of  Hunter  & 
Duning,  and  I  would  Intreet  your  Excellency  In  behalfe  of 
Cap*  Hunter,  that  He  may  be  Continued  to  have  ye  Com- 
mand of  those  men  He  brings  with  him  Dureing  His  stay  at 
Fort  Hallifax,  which  I  think  will  answar  a  good  end. — 

what  I  have  Said  Respecting  Fort  Hallifax,  as  to  ye  man- 
ner in  which  I  think  it  ought  to  be  finished,  or  Rather 
Intirely  new  Built  which  will  Requier  the  above  Meteiriels 
to  finish  it  with,  and  as  those  Cant  be  got  to  ye  Spot  till  well 
towards  ye  Summer  or  in  that  Season  for  ye  Reasons  afore- 
mentioned, the  whole  of  gitting  those  articles,  with  that  of 
Transporting  our  Stores  &c  will  be  attended  with  ye  utmost 
Hazid  of  mens  Lives,  if  Due  provision  be  not  timeoniously 
made,  for  if  ye  enimie  once  Surprize  any  of  our  guard  (as 


thay  must  be  Scatterad  in  various  places  at  ye  Same  Time,  In 
order  to  Carry  on  ye  Work  to  purpos )  In  Such  Case  it  will 
be  very  Dificualt  for  me  or  any  other,  to  preswaide  either  ye 
Workmen,  or  force  ye  Souldiers  into  ye  Woods  any  more,  till 
we  are  Reinforced  by  a  Strong  party,  which  will  still  Retard 
ye  Work,  Disspirite  our  people,  and  grately  Incourige  ye 
enimie,  now  we  have  ye  Same  work  to  Cary  on  this  Spring 
and  part  of  ye  Sumer,  as  ye  army  was  Ingaged  in  last  Sumer 
with  this  Diffrence,  here  is  now  twist  as  much  Work  to  be 
Dun  to  Compleet  ye  Fort,  as  what  was  Dun  to  it  last  Sumer, 
and  I  thinke  ye  Times  this  Spring  may  Justely  be  allowed  to 
be  twist  as  Daingerious  from  ye  enemie  as  thay  ware  last 
Sumer. — 

thus  I  have  endevared  to  give  your  excellency  a  true  Rep- 
resentation of  this  affair  to  ye  best  of  my  skill,  and  Shall 
Depend  on  your  Excellency  for  all  proper  assistince,  all  which 
I  Humbely  Submit  to  your  Excellence's  most  Wise  Consid- 
deration  — 

now  in  answar  to  your  Excellencys  Letter  of  Janr  ye  31  as 
to  ye  Joynery  and  Carpinter  Work  Insid  of  ye  Buildings  and 
flours  Cabins  Windo  Shutters  for  Close  quarters,  and  ye  Like, 
I  have  Constently  this  winter  Imployd  3  Carpinters,  In  ye 
Woods,  and  In  Stormes  when  thay  Could  not  go  a  Broad  to 
Work,  have  Imployd  them  In  Doaing  those  sundery  Jobbs  as 
your  Excellency  prescribed  In  sd  Letter  all  that  I  Can  Say  I 
Dun  ye  best  In  my  power  Considdering  all  ye  Dificualtys  I 
labour  under  as  above,  and  as  for  ye  Enemys,  being  at  grate 
pains  to  hall  their  Canon  up  ye  Hill,  and  thereby  be  lyable  to 
ye  Battery  of  ye  Canon  of  our  Redoubt  &c,  thay  will  have  no 
occasion  to  hall  their  Canon  up  sd  Hill,  as  thay  may  Com  any 
other  way  to  ye  Top  of  ye  Hill  without  assending  that  Steep 
Side  next  ye  River,  and  as  your  Excellency  has  Injoyned  me 
to  Stay  as  much  as  possible  at  Fort  Hallifax,  for  Sundery 
Reasons  Specefied  In  your  Excellencys  Letter,  now  I  was 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  373 

thinking  if  'twas  your  Excellencys  pleasure  to  place  an  active 
man  In  Cap1  Lanes  Room,  that  was  Capable  of  Directing  In 
Case  of  an  attact,  I  Could  manig  all  ye  Carying  on  of  ye 
Buldings  by  ye  help  of  ye  Carpinters,  but  as  Cap1  Lane  has 
for  this  Winter  past,  ben  Constently  Confined  Either  to  His 
Bed  or  Room  has  not  ben  able  to  Act  in  any  bnsniss  Relate- 
ing  to  ye  affairs  of  sd  Fort,  and  I  think  His  Infirmites  are  so 
grate  that  He  never  will  be  Capable  of  Doaing  Service  here 
or  any  where  elce,  unless  it  would  please  Gode  to  Renew  him 
In  all  His  faculties.  His  Son  who  Is  one  of  our  Livtenants 
has  been  Confined  To  His  Room  ever  since  ye  General  Left 
this  place,  who  seems  to  be  very  Causious  of  ventering 
abroad,  lest  He  should  thereby  Impair  His  Health,  He  eates 
His  allowence  and  looks  Harty  and  well,  for  one  to  heer 
Cap*  Lane  talke  if  thay  Did  not  See  Him  by  his  Bould  flights 
and  positive  assersions,  would  take  Him  for  a  Collonel  of 
Draggoons,  then  He  is  ye  most  extreordinery  man  I  have  met 
with,  for  His  grate  Condisension  Complacence  and  good 
mannars,  which  He  endeavours  much  to  affect,  but  I  must 
look  on  those  pretences  of  His,  to  Serve  as  a  Clooke  to  Cover 
Somthing  that  is  low  and  unmanly,  which  might  be  Instenced 
ware  it  not  too  tedious  in  short  Cap4  Lane  and  His  3  Sons 
two  of  which  I  belive  Dos  not  exceed  ye  years  of  thirteen 
has  not  been  of  any  Service  sence  I  have  been  Conserned  at 
ye  above  Fort  then  four  siphores,  So  that  I  think  I  stand  In 
need  of  som  good  officers  In  their  Room  ( mr  Rogers  one  of 
our  Leivtenants  is  Lately  Ded )  In  which  Case  I  Could  ye 
better  be  spared  from  ye  garrison,  and  as  my  family  is  In  ye 
utmost  Distress  on  account  of  ye  enemy  which  would  very 
much  Incline  me  to  Tarry  heer,  till  such  Time  as  ye  Fort  was 
prepared  for  ye  Reception  of  ye  Same,  and  as  all  my  affects  is 
at  Richmond  Fort  and  also  being  Chargible  with  8  or  9 
thousend  pounds  worth  of  good_  belonging  to  ye  Truck 
Trade  which  will  be  absolutely  nessecery  for  me  to  Return 


erly  In  the  Spring  otherwise  there  may  be  Considderable  loss 
on  them  boath  to  ye  province  and  my  selfe,  if  thay  are  not 
soon  Returned,  which  absollutely  Demand  my  presence  at 
Richmond,  but  these  things  your  Excellency  will  be  a  perfite 
Judge  of,  and  shall  humbely  pray  your  Excellencys  Deter- 
mination as  to  finishing  ye  Fort  &c,  as  Speedy  as  possible, 
lest  we  should  Do  Work  that  might  not  turn  to  so  good 
advantage.  I  Beg  leave  to  Concluid  my  selfe  your  Excel- 
lencys most  Dutifull  obedient  Serv1 

William  Lithgow 
Richmond  febr  20th  1755 

Letter,  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Grov.  Shirley.  Feb.  21,  1755. 

May  it  please  your  Excellency  / 

this  moment  Cap1  Hunter  arived  here  and  with  Him  brought 
14  men,  out  of  his  &  Cap1  Dunings  Company es,  agreable  to 
what  I  have  said  In  my  other  Letter. 

one  thing  I  forgott  to  Informe  your  Excellency  of  which 
is  I  have  be  obliged  Constently  to  alow  those  men  that  hailed 
ye  fire  Wood  Stores  to  Fort  Hallifax  a  Certin  quantity  of 
Rum  other  wise  it  would  not  have  ben  In  my  power  to  have 
Dun  what  is  Dun  that  Service  being  excessive  Hard  for  my 
part  I  thought  it  very  nessecary  to  Incourige  them  thus,  and 
for  their  farther  Incourigement  I  was  obliged  also  to  informe 
them  thay  undoubtedly  would  be  Considered  by  ye  province, 
and  well  paid  for  such  extreordinery  Service.  In  my  opin- 
ion what  Service  has  been  dun  here  this  Winter,  is  no  ways 
Inferiour  to  that  was  Dun  last  Sumer,  Considdering  ye  miss- 
erable  Sircumstances  of  ye  Souldiery  and  ye  fewness  of  ye 
number  that  was  Capaible  of  indureing,  which  I  Humbely 
Recommend  to  your  Excellencys  Consideration  In  behalfe  of 
those  men,  from  Nicholes  Hunter  &  Duning,  three  Tndepen- 

OP   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  375 

dent  Captains  I  have  Rec(t  23  men  of  ye  40  Recruited  ordred 
by  your  Excellency,  and  as  I  apprehend  of  Dainger  at  pres- 
ent not  to  be  extreordinery  till  such  Time  ye  Rivers  Brackes 
up  the  Dammige  may  be  no  grate  at  present,  but  as  soon  as 
ye  Rivers  are  open  then  we  may  expect  a  visit  from  our 
enemy,  I  belive  your  Excellency  will  think  ( In  ye  multitude 
of  Busniss  )  this  way  of  my  Writeing  very  tedious  which  I 
hope  your  Excellency  will  forgive  being  well  Sensible  I  Can 
preforme  no  better.  I  would  humbely  Intreet  a  Speedy 

Respecting  what  I  have  said  Conserning  the  Fort  &c 
which  your  Excellency  will  Imedietly  know  what  answar  to 
send,  If  I  have  been  but  Inteligeble,  best  by  not  knowing 
your  Excellencys  Resolve  to  my  preposals  as  to  ye  Fort  we 
might  Do  Som  Worke  that  might  not  turne  to  so  good 
Account,  with  grate  Submission  I  beg  Leave  to  Subscribe 
my  selfe  your  Excellencys 

most  Dutiefull  Humble  Serv1 

Will"1  Lithgow 
Richmond  febr  ye  21d  1755 

I  supose  ye  Honable  Court  woud  alow  but  four  Botes  firs_ 
to  See  if  thay  might  Do,  but  this  will  Retard  ye  Transportta- 
tion  of  ye  Stores  twist  long  as  if  we  had  8,  the  Reason  I 
asked  for  8  was  because  I  think  ye  Dainger  in  that  Service 
will  be  very  grate  therfor  I  was  for  ye  utmost  Dispatch. 

The  Committe_  to  whom  was  Refer'd  the  petition  within 
mentioned  having  fully  Considered  the  Same  with  the  papers 
Accompaing  it  Are  of  Opinion  that  the  prayer  of  the  petition 
be  So  far  Granted  that  the  petitioner  in  his  Capacity  aforesd 
be  Impower'd  to  bring  forward  a  writt  of  Reivew  at  the  next 
Superiour  Court  to  be  holden  for  the  County  of  York  in  an 


action  wherein  the  Sd  Joseph  Plaisted  Decd  was  the  Original 
Defendt  Against  the  Exec18  of  the  Testament  of  Sam1  Wal- 
ton Decd  and  all  further  proceedings  On  the  former  Judg- 
ment in  the  mean  time  be  Stay'd 

g  Order  John  Greenleaf 

In  Council  Febry  21,  1755.  Read  and  Ordered  that  the 
above  Report  be  Accepted  &  that  the  Petr  in  his  Capacity 
aforesaid  be  and  hereby  is  impowered  to  bring  forward  his 
writ  of  Review  at  the  next  Superiour  Court  of  Judicature  to 
be  holden  at  York  within  and  for  the  County  of  York  of  the 
action  mentioned  in  the  Petition  against  the  Executors  of 
the  Testament  of  Sam11  Walton  decd  and  the  Justices  of  the 
said  Court  be  and  hereby  are  impowered  and  directed  to  hear 
and  Try  the  same  enter  up  Judgement  and  award  Execution 
thereon  and  the  Execut"  and  all  other  Proceedings  on  the 
former  Judgement  are  staid  in  the  mean  Time  provided  the 
Petr  give  Sufficient  Caution  to  the  Sheriff  of  the  County  of 
York  to  Respond  what  may  be  finally  adjudged  due  wth 
interest  from  this  day  until  Paid. 
Sent  down  for  Concurrence 

Tho8  Clarke  Depty  Secry 

In  the  House  of  Rep  Febry  21,  1755.     Read  &  Concurred 
Consented  to  W.  Shirley 

Letter,  James  Howard  to  Gov.  Shirley. 

Fort  Western  March  5th  1755 
May  it  plese  you_  Excellency,  I  am  very  Loath  to  trouble 
you  at  this  time  Knowing  you  are  in  acroud  of  Business  at 
this  Junctor,  but  Beges  your  patiance  to  hear  me  a  little, 
the  provence  Guns  we  have  hear  are  not  to  be  Depended  on, 
therefore  I  pray  you:l  order  Som  better,  it  is  Very  probable 


we  shall  have  som  of  our  franch  and  Indian  Enemies  to  Visit 
us  this  Sprin_  and  our  Number  of  men  is  Small  the  Ground 
about  our  fort  is  Very  advantagous  for  our  Enemies,  now  as 
our  Enemies  are  Knowing  to  this  and  Expects  a  great  Quan- 
tity of  Stores  here  now  Whither  these  may  not  be  motives  to 
Excite  them  to  make  heir  first  and  most  Resalute  atteck 
here  and  By  that  means  think  they  may  Get  Cannon  to  anoy 
the  other  Forts,  I  Desire  not  to  be  teadious  or  troublesom  to 
Your  Excellency  But  Leaves  it  to  your  wise  Consideration 
Whither  we  Do'nt  Stand  In  need  of  more  men  and  more  and 
better  Guns  Seeing  I  Expect  to  have  orders  to  send  a  detch- 
ment  of  my  men  upon  Several  occasions  perticularly  to 
Guard  up  the  Sloops  with  the  Stores,  and  this  detchment 
must  be  the  Best  of  the  men,  and  our  Enemies  Who 
Can  Ly  within  one  hundred  and  fifty  yard  of  our  Fort  In 
one  of  the  Gulies  and  we  Cannot  anoy  them  from  our  forts, 
and  they  Seeing  us  go  out  so  Whither  it  may  not  Indenger 
the  forts  being  Taken  — 

We  have  no  Coulars  for  this  Fort. 

I  Conclud  With  Wishing  His  majesties  arms  Success  and 
Victory,  Both  by  sea  and  Land  and  you  health  and  prosper- 
ety  I  Beg  Leave  to  Subscribe  myself  your  Excellency s  most 
Dutifull  most  obedient  and  Humbl  Servent 

James  Howard 

Letter,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow 

Boston  March  8,  1755 

I  have  recd  your  sev1  Letters  of  the  20th  &  21st  of  Febry 
and  am  well  satisfy'd  with  the  account  of  your  proceedings 
Great  Diligence,  and  Good  Conduct :  The  most  important 
Affair  of  Strengthning  the  Works  at  Fort  Hallifax  so  as  to 


make  them  Proof  against  a  Battery  by  Cannon  (  as  you  have 
observed )  cann't  be  performed  at  this  Season  &  therefore  I 
shall  have  Time  to  consider  &  advise  upon  it  that  it  may  be 
done  in  the  best  Manner,  &  therein  I  shall  have  Regard  to 
your  Sentiments  in  this  Matter  as  you  have  largely  express'd 
them  in  your  Letters ;  In  the  Interim,  let  no  Time  be  lost 
for  finishing  the  Inside  Work  So  that  the  Quarters  for  the 
Soldiers  may  be  made  warm  &  comfortable  ;  Upon  wch  their 
Health  &  Serviceableness  does  much  depend ;  And  also  you 
must  take  Care  that  the  particular  appartments  for  your  own 
Family  be  well  fitted  that  so  you  may  not  be  always  under 
the  Difficulties  you  complain  of  by  reason  of  the  Distance  of 
your  Family  from  you :  And  to  remove  the  Inconvenience 
arising  from  the  Care  you  have  of  the  Safety  of  the  Province 
Goods  provided  for  the  Indian  Trade,  the  Commissary  Gen- 
eral will  take  them  out  of  your  Hands  &  so  discharge  you  of 
that  Care  &  Burthen  so  that  Fort  Hallifax  may  be  the  more 
the  sole  Object  of  your  Attention ;  &  that  when  the  Season 
of  Danger  arrives  you  may  have  Nothing  to  divert  you  from 
Imploying  your  self  to  the  utmost  in  the  Defence  of  that 
Place :  for  my  Dependence  is  much  on  your  personal 
Presence    there. 

The  four  flat  bottomed  Boats  first  ordered  are  now  almost 
ready,  two  of  them  are  building  at  Brunswick  &  the  other 
two  will  be  sent  by  Cpt.  Saunders  on  his  next  Voyage  which 
will  be  very  soon  :  And  the  Commissary  is  order'd  to  provide 
two  more  as  soon  as  possible ;  And  to  have  all  of  them  armed 
with  four  Swivel  Guns  each. 

Whatever  Assistance  you  shall  find  wanting  from  time  to 
time  you  must  require  it  from  the  Commanders  of  the  Inde- 
pendent Companies :  Cpt.  Dunning,  &  Cpt.  Hunters  Services 
are  very  acceptable  to  me,  &  shall  endeavour  that  they  be 
properly  considered  &  y1  those  officers  &  their  men  be  duly 
satisfied  for  their  Pains  &  Time  spent  therein.     I  have  con- 


sidered  the  Uneasiness  you  express  ab*  officers  &  Men  belong- 
ing to  the  independent  Companies  in  relation  to  Coll.  Cush- 
ing's  Conduct  especially  in  putting  them  under  the  Command 
of  other  Officers  than  their  own :  And  I  shall  write  to  Coll. 
Gushing  on  this  Point,  that  so  this  Grievance  may  be 
redress'd :  I  have  well  weighed  what  you  have  mentioned 
concerning  Cpt.  Lane  &  have  determined  to  make  some 
other  Provision  for  him,  &  have  directed  him  to  leave  the 
Fort  &  come  to  Boston  as  soon  as  possible  And  have  thought 
proper  to  appoint  a  second  Captn  under  you  &  now  inclose 
you  a  blank  Commission  to  be  filled  up  by  you  with  Cpt. 
Dunning  or  Cpt.  Hunters  Name  or  of  some  other  Person  in 
whom  you  may  have  most  Confidence  of  his  supplying  your 
Absence  with  the  best  Abilities  for  the  Duties  of  his  Post 
As  to  all  other  Matters  in  your  several  Letters  which  don't 
require  an  immediate  answer,  I  shall  further  consider  of 
them,  &  determine  what  Orders  to  give  you  thereupon,  and 


Your  most  assur'd  friend  and  Servant 

Cap1  Wra  Lithgow 

Letter,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Col.  Ezekiel  Gushing. 

Boston  March  8,  1755 

I  have  received  an  Account  that  the  Officers  &  Centinels 
belonging  to  the  Independent  Companies  on  the  Eastern 
Parts  are  dissatisfied  that  when  they  hold  them  selves  in 
Readiness  for  every  Call  for  the  Defence  of  his  Majesty's 
Forts  &c.  in  Cases  of  immediate  Danger  that  they  should  by 
your  Orders  be  impress'd  for  the  usual  Service  of  the  Fron- 
tiers &  put  under  the  Command  of  other  Officers  than  their 


Therefore,  tho  I  do  not  intend  they  shall  be  wholly  taken 
off  from  your  Command,  but  that  upon  any  extraordinary 
Emergency  you  should  still  draw  them  out  for  Service  with 
the  rest,  yet  in  other  Cases  you  must  look  upon  them  as 
Reserves  for  immediate  Service  according  to  my  Orders  to 
the  several  Captains  )  as  occasion  shall  require.  And  when 
the  Exigency  of  the  Case  may  demand  your  putting  them 
upon  any  Service  necessary  for  the  general  Defence  of  the 
Frontiers  let  them  be  put  under  their  own  Officers ; 

I  thank  you  for  the  care  you  took  of  my  money  and  orders 
for  L1  Malcolm  and  am 

Sir,  Yr  most  Assur'd  Friend  and  Servant 
Coll.  Ezekiel  Cushing 

Letter,  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley,  March  22,  1755 

May  it  please  your  Excellency/ 

I  Recd  yours  of  March  ye  8th  have  observd  ye  Contents  and 
must  acknowlige  your  Excellencys  grate  goodness  to  me 
therein,  ye  Inside  of  ye  present  Buildings  of  Fort  Hallifax  Is 
Dun  so  far  as  to  accomadate  ye  Souldiery  In  their  Lodgings 
have  made  planck  Sutters  for  all  ye  Windows  &  Doors  &c  — 
which  was  all  I  thought  Requisite  till  I  had  your  Excellencys 
Determination  In  what  manner  ye  Fort  shall  be  finished,  In 
Regard  of  macking  it  proof  against  Canon  &c  —  as  to  my 
owne  apartmen_  I  Can  Do  nothing  at  present  In  finishing  it 
for  ye  Reason  it  is  not  Builte  which  I  acquainted  your  Excel- 
lency of  In  my  Last  Letters,  and  as  your  Excellency  has  ben 
plesed  to  enjoyne  my  personel  presents  at  Fort  Hallifax  so 
Closly,  Shall  be  obliged  to  Remove  my  Family  there  at  Con- 
siderable Dissadvantige  there  being  no  place  Suitable  for  the 
Recption  of  them,  nor  Can  it  be,  till  your  Excellency  Is 
pleasd  first  to  Determin  In  what  manner  ye  Fort  Shall  be 


Dun,  for  as  it  stands  now  for  its  Sittuation  and  Deffencible- 
ness,  I  must  say  In  my  Humble  opinion,  it  is  one  of  ye  most 
Extreordinery  Fortresses  for  ordinereyness,  I  have  Ever  herd 
of  or  Seen,  In  ye  Compass  of  my  Small  Knolige  or  acquaint- 
ance, but  I  am  Sensible  it  has  got  a  name  of  being  Somthing 
of  a  fortress,  which  Can  be  of  no  advantag  to  me,  and  have 
Sincerly  from  my  Hart  wished  it  had  answred  its  Charracter, 
for  my  part  I  never  Determin  to  amuse  your  Excellency  with 
falce  pretences  or  flattery,  by  macking  Light  of  this  or  that 
or  ye  other  thing  and  turn  it  off  as  it  war  with  a  wins  awa, 
In  order  thereby  to  gain  applaws  either  from  your  Excellency 
or  ye  Hoiible  Court,  no  I  allways  Determin  truely  to  Repre- 
sent all  publick  things  within  my  province  to  your  Ex< ;el- 
lencys  wise  Consideration,  and  if  any  Disspuite  thereon  arise 
am  very  willing  to  Stand  ye  Sensure  of  my  Cap*  general  or 
any  other  that  has  a  Right  to  Call  my  Conduct  In  question, 
1  think  this  was  ye  Case  last  Sumer  or  Somthing  like  it,  your 
Excellency  I  belive  has  ben  Informed  there  was  a  good  Fort 
and  a  fine  Rode  Cut  from  Fort  Western  to  Hallifax  which 
neither  of  them  I  think  Can  in  no  ways  answar  such  a  (  liar- 
recter.  —  I  am  useing  ye  utmost  of  my  Endeavours  In  pro- 
viding Timber  for  ye  Building  and  Strenghtning  ye  Sundery 
parts  of  sd  Fort. — 

I  should  be  glad  to  know  who  ye  Sundery  Captains  of  ye 
Independent  Companys  are,  and  how  far  thay  are  obliged  to 
assist  me  in  Time  of  need,  if  these  things  be  not  Duely  Stated 
by  your  Excellency,  and  ye  Sundry  Commdrs  of  those  Com- 
pany- have  not  perticular  Directions  from  your  Excellency 
to  follow  my  Direction  so  far  as  their  Service  may  Consern 
Fort  Hallifax  it  will  answar  no  end,  for  thay  may  be  for 
Determining  ye  Number  of  men  I  shall  apply  for  and  therby 
frusterate  my  Designes,  which  thay  Cant  be  so  good  a  Judge 
of.  I  am  glad  and  thankfull  to  your  Excellency  for  ye  pro- 
vision made  Cap1  Lane  &  Family,  for  I  think  He  is  an  object 


of  Chariety  and  hope  He  may  Deserve  it.  His  Circum- 
stances was  such  I  Could  nott  In  pitty  to  Him,  take  ye  Com- 
missary ship  from  Him,  but  have  allowed  it  Him  although  I 
think  He  Deserves  it  not  from  me,  if  it  be  true  He  wrote 
your  Excellency  Som  Time  Last  winter  In  Som  Such  words 
as  these,  we  are  all  In  good  spiriets  and  we  have  Dun  So  and 
So,  and  we  are  Determined  to  loos  our  blood  In  ye  Defence 
of  this  Fort  in  Case  of  an  atact  from  ye  French  &c  before  we 
yeald.  Such  Swelling  languig  as  this  from  a  man  In  His 
Circumstances  seems  very  unacountable  had  it  ben  Delivered 
by  any  but  Him  Selfe,  for  god  knows  He  has  ben  ye  most  of 
this  Winter  Confined  to  His  Barick,  and  also  one  half  of  ye 
garrison  by  ye  Scurvey  and  other  ails,  has  not  ben  able  to  go 
a  Broad  upon  any  Duty  for  ye  Winter  past,  which  Can  be 
menifestly  proved  —  which  is  a  flat  Contridiction  to  what 
He  wrote  your  Excellency,  but  I  may  be  missinformed  but 
your  Excellency  Is  best  Judge  wheither  He  wrote  thus  or 
not.  I  have  wrote  ye  Commissary  genrl  for  a  Supply  of  all 
Sorts  of  nessecarys  for  Fort  Hallifax  to  Last  sd  Fort  nine 
months,  and  if  He  thinks  proper  to  Send  Such  a  Quantity, 
at  one  ( as  I  think  is  best )  I  Determin  as  ever  ye  Botes 
arives  with  ye  provisions  to  Transpoart  forth  with  to  Fort 
Hallifax,  so  that  we  shall  not  be  Constentely  obliged  to  go 
up  and  down  this  River — which  would  give  ye  Enemy  a  grate 
advantage  of  us,  In  this  affair  will  lye  our  grate  Dainger,  and 
this  Service  will  Requier  a  prity  Strong  guarde  what  to  man 
ye  Boats  and  to  go  by  Land  to  prevent  a  Surprize,  for  this  Is 
ye  way  I  apprehend  ye  Enemy  will  attempt  our  Distreuction, 
In  ye  first  place,  by  Cutting  off  our  men  that  guard  ye  Stores 
and  then  attact  ye  Fort,  I  shall  Do  ye  best  I  Can  to  frustirate 
ye  Enemy  in  their  Designs,  I  have  now  on  ye  Eminence  200 
Tuns  of  Hewen  Timber  have  ordred  it  Cut  In  such  a  manner 
as  will  Suite  ye  Building  of  ye  Fort  In  any  way  your  Excel- 
lency is  plesed  to  order  it,  I  am  Determined  to  erect  another 

OF   THE    STATE   OP   MAINE  383 

Redoubt  on  ye  eminence  Canon  proofe  that  will  be  Capable 
of  Containing  a  Suffiency  of  men  to  Defend  it  against  a  Con- 
sidderable  army  that  may  be  furnished  with  grate  artilery,  I 
have  thought  this  Can  be  of  no  Dissadvantige  for  if  your 
Excellency  Determins  to  have  ye  Fort  built  on  ye  Hill  I  Can 
but  Joyne  ye  Fort  to  ye  Redoubt  which  will  make  a  good 
flanke  whare  it  now  Stands,  there  must  be  a  Redoubt  a 
Rected  that  will  Command  ye  Hill,  other  wise  it  will  be  in 
ye  power  of  an  Enemy  to  Surprise  it  at  their  pleasure  when 
ever  thay  may  think  proper  to  make  their  aproach  with 

I  have  also  a  100  Tuns  of  Board  Loggs  &  boalts  for  Shin- 
gles ye  most  of  which  I  have  gotten  hailed  by  Hand,  1  want 
ye  assistence  of  oxen  &  Hay  prodidiously  had  I  that,  Should 
have  no  ocasion  to  go  Into  ye  Woods  for  Timber  after  y' 
Snow  was  off  ye  ground,  I  shall  want  Hay  very  much  for  y' 
oxen,  and  would  pray  ye  Commissary  to  Send  10  'Funs, 
which  must  be  Deliver'1  at  Fort  Western  other  wise  it  will 
be  Spoilt  by  Landing  it  at  Sundery  places  wharby  it  will  be 
Runied  by  Rains,  I  add  no  farther  then  pray  god  give  your 
Excellency  pationes  and  Continue  you  In  Wisdum,  to  Direct 
In  all  ye  affairs  you  are  Ingaged  In  for  your  Hon1"  and  ye 
good  of  ye  people  whom  you  govern,  &c  — 

I  Remain  your  Excellency-  faithfull  Serv* 

William  Lithgow 
Fort  Hallifax  March  22d  1755 


Gentlemen  of  the  House  of  Represent™8 

This  accompanies  a  Memorial  of  Major  Enoch  Freeman 
Commander  of  the  Fort  at  Falmouth,  setting  forth  the 
Repairs  necessary  to  be  made  at  the  said  Fort,  and  Stores 


Wanting  there,  and  praying  that  the  Fort  may  be  repaired, 
&  the  stores  supplied  at  the  publick  Charge,  &  the  rather 
because  of  the  Expence  of  Stores  at  the  time  of  my  Interview 
with  the  Eastern  Indians. 

This  Request  seems  reasonable  to  me,  and  therefore  I  must 
recommend  it  to  your  Consideration. 

W  Shirley 

Council  Chamber  March  27,  1755 

Message.     March  28,  1755. 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  and  House  of  Representatives 

You  desired  in  your  Vote  pass'd  at  the  close  of  the  last 
Session  that  upon  my  being  informed  that  the  Governments 
of  Connecticut  Rhode  Island  and  New  Hampshire  consented 
to  the  proposed  Expedition  to  Crown  Point  I  would  forth- 
with issue  my  Proclamation  for  raising  the  Provinces  Quota 
of  the  four  thousand  men  exclusive  of  the  Eight  hundred 
men  proposed  to  be  raised  by  New  York  &c. 

The  advices  I  have  received  from  New  York  give  me  no 
encouragment  to  hope  that  any  men  will  be  raised  by  that 
Government  but  we  have  all  imaginable  reason  to  expect  that 
they  will  bear  their  part  of  the  burthen  of  the  Expedition  by 
furnishing  mony  or  providing  Warlike  and  other  Stores  for 
the  service  of  it.  1  shall  therefore  give  Orders  for  raising  so 
many  men  over  and  above  the  twelve  hundred  first  proposed 
as  shall  be  thought  the  proportion  of  this  Province  to  the 
deficiency  occasioned  by  the  Failure  of  New  York.  I  sup- 
pose it  to  be  about  three  hundred  men  but  if  you  are  inclined 
to  be  more  exact  in  ascertaining  the  number  and  will  signify 
it  to  me  I  shall  be  ready  to  comply  with  your  desire. 

The  Loyalty  and  Zeal  for  his  Majestys  Service  which  you 
have  shewn  upon  this  and  other  Occasions  affords  me  the 

OF    THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  385 

greatest  satisfaction.  I  am  sensible  that  you  must  find  a 
great  deal  of  difficulty  in  defraying  the  charges  that  must 
attend  your  measures  but  yet  I  cannot  help  recommending  to 
you  to  go  one  step  further  as  the  most  likely  way  to  render 
those  you  have  taken  before  more  effectual,  I  mean  to  give 
some  encouragement  for  an  Attack  upon  your  avowed  and 
barbarous  Enemies  the  Indians  of  the  S*  Francois  Tribe  who 
have  treated  you  with  such  perfidy  and  cruelty  that  I  think 
you  ought  to  revenge  it  as  far  as  is  in  your  power,  and  the 
surprize  which  this  attack  must  give  to  the  French  will 
undoubtedly  draw  off  a  part  of  their  force  from  their  other 
Frontier  Settlements.  The  manner  and  degree  of  this 
encouragement  I  leave  to  your  consideration. 

W  Shirley 
March  28,  1755. 

Letter  to  Col.  Ezekiel  Cuslung. 

Cambridge  April  2,  1755 

Cpt.  Lithgow  Commander  of  his  Majestys  Fort  Hallifax 
having  represented  to  the  Governor,  before  his  Departure, 
the  Necessity  of  having  a  very  strong  Guard  to  secure  the 
Provisions  Ammunition  &  other  Stores  to  be  sent  to  that 
Fort,  at  this  Season  especially  the  Hazzard  being  greater  than 
at  other  times ;  &  it  being  probable  that  the  sd  Stores  will 
soon  arrive  ( if  not  already  arrived )  in  Kennebeck  River. 

have  therefore  thought  fit  with  the  Advice  of  his  Majestys 
Council  ( Copy  whereof  you  have  herewith  inclosed  )  to  direct 
you  forthwith  to  consult  with  Cpt.  Lithgow  what  Part  of  the 
Independ1  Companies  in  your  Regiment  will  be  sufficient  or 
if  the  Whole  be  necessary ;  or  if  the  whole  be  not  sufficient, 
what  Number  is  needful  to  be  added  And  to  give  out  your 



Orders  accordingly  that  so  there  may  be  such  a  Guard  to 
attend  the  Conveyance  of  these  Stores  that  the  Enemy  may 
have  no  Advantage  over  us  at  this  Conjuncture. 

I  now  send  you  a  Warr*  for  Impressing  Men  for  this  Ser- 
vice, Wch  you  are  to  use  if  necessary,  &  not  otherwise.  The 
Commissary  Gen1  is  ordered  to  send  Provisions  &  Ammuni- 
tion for  the  Guard 

Your  assured  Friend  &  Serv1 

W  Shirley 

Col.  Ezekiel  Cushing 

Letter,  Alexr  Nikels  to  G-ov.  Shirley  April  9,  1755. 

May  it  please  your  Excelencie 

In  Complyance  with  your  Excelencies  instrucktons  to  me 
by  Coll:  Cushan  which  I  recived  by  mr:  John  Malcom  the 
last  Day  of  Janwary  and  persuant  thereunto  I  listed  seven 
men  upon  the  first  day  of  febriwary  and  as  soon  as  the  wather 
would  permit  I  proceed  with  my  seven  men  to  richmont  and 
from  there  traveled  along  the  river  to  fort  Weston  and  from 
there  to  fort  halyfax  and  returned  with  my  seven  men  and 
got  horn  the  fift  day  of  this  month  April  for  there  was  no 
apearance  of  any  danger  from  the  Enemie  that  we  Could 
percive  — 

Capt :  Lithgo  tells  me  that  your  Excelencies  instructions 
to  him  is  to  requir  asistance  when  need  shall  be  of  us 
the  independent  Companys  and  as  it  is  likly  his  demand  will 
be  about  the  tim  of  our  sowing  and  planting  of  our  fields  on 
aCount  that  about  that  tim  of  the  year  that  river  will  be  of 
aproper  Hight  for  tranceporting  of  the  suplys  from  fort 
Weston  to  fort  Halyfax  I  pray  your  Excelencie  to  take  this 
into  your  wise  Consideration  and  as  we  are  apoor  people  And 
our  liveing  depends  on  our  planting  and  sowing  in  the  proper 
season  and  should  we  be  frostrated  of  it  at  the  proper  season 


we  Could  not  posiblely  subsist  unless  it  should  be  your 
Excelencies  pleasur  to  put  as  many  of  us  under  Constant  pay 
as  would  be  soficent  to  man  them  boats  and  any  people  might 
do  for  a  gaurd  to  gard  us  whill  we  were  about  it  for  if  our 
people  be  not  under  som  such  obligation  it  is  not  posible  to 
retain  them  from  Costing  or  fishing  or  going  else  where  and 
then  when  I  am  Called  with  my  men  they  are  many  of  them 
out  of  the  way  but  if  I  have  them  under  Comand  that  I  Can 
keep  them  so  as  to  have  them  all  ready  when  your  Excelen- 
cie  may  please  to  Call  us  upon  any  Imergencie  that  may 
hapen  these  being  what  ofers  at  present  from  your  Humble 
ser*  at  Comand 

Alexr  Nikels 
Newcastle  April  the  9th  1755 

[  Superscribed  ] 
To  His  Excelencie  William  Shirley  Esqr 
Cap1  Generall  and  our  Comander  in  Chief 

Letter,  Capt.  Wm  Lithgoiv  to   Govr  Shirley  April  19,  17or>. 

May  it  please  Your  Excellency, 

I  think  I  have  gotten  Timber  suficient  to  Build  a  Redoubt 
34  feet  Square  2  Storey  High  Canon  proof  which  Will 
Commd  ye  Eminence  aginst  a  Considerable  army,  that  might 
be  furnished  with  Canon  — 

I  have  Determined  to  make  ye  Wall  of  srl  Redoubt  5  feet 
Thick  of  Square  Timber  Locked  togather  with  oack  Tyes  at 
proper  Distences  this  will  be  less  Cost  then  a  Duble  Wall 
filled  with  Erth  which  would  Soon  Rott  ye  Timber,  I  have 
also  gotten  Timber  suficent  to  Builde  a  Small  Square  Fort  of 
about  80  or  90  feet  Square  with  ye  help  of  those  Small  Block 
Houses  general  Winslow  erected,  I  propose  to  Joyn  this  Fort 


to  ye  Larg  block  House  that  now  Contains  ye  Canon,  which 
block  House  will  answer  for  one  of  ye  Flanckers,  this  with 
one  Flancker  more  att  opsite  angles,  with  ye  help  of  2  Watch 
Boxes  at  ye  other  2  opsite  angles  will  aforde  a  very  good  Sid 
Defence,  a  Draft  of  which  I  have  Inclos'd  your  Excellency, 
the  Incorrectness  thereof  I  hope  will  be  excused  as  I  had  no 
Scale  but  that  of  a  Carpinters  Square,  ye  above  Redoubt  with 
this  Fort  Is  vastely  ye  Chepest  way  I  Can  think  of  to  finish 
those  Works  for  a  grate  many  Reasons  that  might  be  offored, 
Shall  only  give  your  Excellency  one,  the  picquites  that  now 
encompasses  those  Buildings,  are  upwards  of  800  feet  In 
Length,  a  grate  many  of  which  will  soon  fall,  being  not  in 
som  places  Sett  Scercely  In  ye  ground  thay  are  Considerably 
Racked  alredy,  and  I  feer  thay  will  fall  this  Spring,  now  the 
Reparing  of  those  piquites  once  added  to  that  of  Building 
Houses  for  ye  officers  and  stores,  will  Cost  more  then  ye  Fort 
I  have  proposed  which  Fort  will  stand  a  100  years  if  kept 
Shingled  or  Clapboarded,  and  will  be  vastly  more  Defencible 
as  it  will  be  Small,  for  Certinly  320  foot  which  Is  ye  Compass 
of  ye  Fort  I  propose,  Is  easeyer  of  being  Defended  then  that 
of  800  foot  as  it  now  Stands  pequited,  which  will  forever 
want  Repareing  and  no  way  Defencible,  this  small  Fort  will 
upon  ocasion  Lodge  200  men  Comfortebly  as  also  ye  Stores, 
I  Did  not  think  it  metieral  to  Lay  Down  ye  Sundry  appart- 
ments  of  ye  Barricks  In  ye  Inside,  as  also  ye  placeing  of 
Chimneys  and  gate  way  &c  — 

my  Reason  for  placeing  this  Fort  below  Contrary  to  my 
opinion  is  In  order  to  Save  those  Buildings  alredy  erected 
which  would  be  Lost  ware  it  placed  on  ye  Eminence.  I 
shall  truble  your  Excellency  no  farther  Respecting  this  Fort 
at  present,  but  Say  I  have  given  my  best  opinion  and  am 
fully  perswaided  those  meathods  I  have  here  proposed  will 
be  far  Chepest  and  answar  ye  End  of  ye  government  better 
then  any  other  way  thay  can  finish  it  In,  I  would  Beg  your 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  389 

Excellencys  aprobation  on  this  affair,  and  am  now  obliged 
for  want  of  Instructions,  and  Least  ye  Carpinters  Should  be 
idle  to  Set  them  uppon  ye  above  Redoubt,  and  Should  also 
Sett  them  upon  ye  Lower  Fort  had  I  your  Excellencys  opin- 
ion our  Number  now  at  this  Fort  Dos  not  Exceed  74  men 
Including  officers  out  of  which  I  Cant  muster  upwards  of 
40  effective  men,  and  as  it  will  be  highly  nessary  to  hold 
possion  of  ye  New  Redoubt  as  ever  ye  Wall  Is  Raised  4  feet 
High  which  will  Require  no  less  then  20  ye  best  of  our  men 
to  assist  and  guard  ye  Workmen,  and  as  Brick  must  be  made, 
Stone  provided  all  which  I  think  will  Require  a  Reinforce- 
ment of  good  men  besides  those  Employ'1  Transporting  ye 
Stores,  for  which  Service  I  have  agreable  to  your  Excellencys 
Direction,  apply"1  to  ye  Indipendend  Comm'lr8  -  also  to  Coll° 
Cushing  for  a  150  good  men  that  is  Capable  of  marching 
from  Western  to  P'ort  Hallifax  as  also  manigen  of  Boats  that 
Carry  ye  provisions  I  have  apointed  ye  first  of  May  old  stile 
for  those  guards  to  be  at  Fort  Western  by  which  Time  ye 
people  will  have  finished  ye  most  of  their  planting  &c  — 

if  those  guards  Should  fail  me  at  that  Time  it  will  be  out 
of  our  power  afterwards  to  Transpoart  ye  provisions  on 
account  ye  River  will  be  then  fallen  that  ye  Botes  will  not 
have  water  to  float  them,  the  2  Botes  Com  from  Boston  will 
no  ways  answer  ye  end,  being  vastely  too  bigg,  So  that  I 
have  non  to  Depend  on  but  2  built  at  Brunswick,  I  wanted 
8  Botes  30  feet  Long  2  feet  Deep  6  feet  wide  flatt  Botoms, 
now  out  of  this  Number  Shall  have  but  two,  must  be  obliged 
to  press  Canoes,  thought  thare  was  gentlemen  anought  In 
Boston  who  ware  perfetly  well  aquainted  with  this  River, 
who  Could  have  Dirrected  ye  Building  of  proper  Botes  for 
this  purpose,  had  I  not  thought  so,  should  have  shaped  a 
piece  of  Wood  in  ye  forme  of  one  of  those  Botes,  and  Sent  it 
for  a  pattron,  all  which  I  Humbly  leve  to  your  Excellencys 
Wise  Considderation  and  pray  a  Speedy  answar  Respecting 


ye  Fort,  with  all  Submission  Beg  leave  to  Subscribe  my  Selfe 
your  Excelloy  Dutifull  Serv1 

William  Lithgow 
Fort  Hallifax  April  19th  1755 

If  your  Excellency  thinks  proper  to  Retain  a  Number  of 
men  at  Richmond  Fort  I  should  think  it  a  grate  favour  to  be 
alowd  ye  apointing  ye  officer  that  Commds  those  men  on 
account  my  Stock  and  Improvements  must  be  left  thare 

Will"1  Lithgow 

Letter,  Mattheys  Ramley  to  Gov.  Shirley  April  2fy,  1755 


I  beg  leave  to  return  Your  Excellency  my  Humble  Thanks 
for  Your  Kindness  in  providing  this  Settlement  with  Amu- 

I  am  Sorry  to  be  Obliged  to  Trouble  Your  Excellency  in 
Praying  Your  Assistance  for  fire  Locks,  there  being  ab1  150 
able  men  in  this  Settlement,  and  75  of  them  being  without 
Arms,  and  not  Capable  to  purchase  the  same,  should  there  be 
any  rupture,  it  would  be  a  Damage  to  this  part,  for  so  many 
People  to  be  ruined,  or  Obliged  to  break  up  for  the  want  of 
Arms  to  Defend  them  selves. 

likewise  think  the  Amunition  recd  not  sufficient  for  so 
many  People. 

I  likewise  Pray  Your  Excellencys  order  for  putting  some 
Men  in  pay,  in  order  to  protect  the  Garrisons  at  present  and 
I  shall  in  Duty  bound  remain 

Your  Excellencys  most  Submiss  full  Servant 

Mattheys  Ramley 
Broad  Bay  Aprill  24th  1755 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  391 

Letter,  T.  Fletcher  to  Gov.  Shirley,  May  9th  1755. 

May  It  please  Your  Excellency 

The  Cheifs  of  The  penobscot  Tribe  on  the  Six  Instant 
Gave  me  an  Account  that  a  Bodey  of  the  Noridgwalk  and 
Assagntoocook  Indeans  are  Going  AGainst  The  people  On 
Kennebeck  River  Where  Apon  I  Eraadetley  Dispatched  An 
Express  to  the  Commanding  officer  at  Said  place,  On  the 
Eight  Instant  Came  and  Told  that  the  Sl  Johns  Indians  Are 
Coming  aGainst  this  place  with  In  a  Short  Time  — 

I  Would  Beg  Leave  If  Your  Excellency  Thinks  proper  To 
Go  Out  and  Trey  to  Meet  with  Them  As  These  Indians 
have  promessed  me  Thay  will  Tell  when  Thay  are  Cuming 
and  What  way  This  the  penobscots  Desired  me  to  Write 
Your  Excellency  we  Declare  that  we  will  Not  have  Aney 
hand  In  Sheading  English  Blood  and  Desire  To  Know  what 
You  will  do  Consarning  us  — 

I  Beg  Leave  to  Subscribe  my  Self  Your  Excellency-  Most 
Obedient  humble  Sarvant 

T.  Fletcher 
S*  Georges  May  9th  1755 

Letter,  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley,  May  11,  1755. 

May  it  Please  your  Excellency/ 

the  accounts  we  have  from  Sl  Georges,  Respecting  ye  Xor- 
rigewack,  Arssegunticoocks,  &  S*  Johns  Indians,  Coming 
against  ye  people  of  Kennebeck,  and  ye  ajacent  Frountiers, 
has  Alarum'd  the  Inhabitence  of  those  places  (whare  I 
Expected  to  be  furnished  with  men  to  Guard  &  assist  with 
Transporting  the  province  Stores  to  Fort  Hallifax)  to  such  a 
Degree,  that  I  feer  I  Shall  be  Dissapointed  of  a  Sufficient 
Number  for  the  above  Service,  I  have  apply'd  to  Coll0  Cush- 


ing  for  200  men  on  this  ocasion,  which  number  I  think  is 
full  Scanty,  Inasmuch  as  we  may  Reasonably  Expect  to  have 
to  Deel  with  the  whole,  or  the  major  part  of  ye  above  Tribes 
of  Indians,  as  thay  are  very  Sensible  of  the  grate  advantage 
thay  will  have  on  us  In  our  Transporting  the  above  Stores 
which  will  be  an  affair  of  Some  Contineuence  and  Grate 
fetigue. —  it  is  my  opinion  that  Som  of  ye  penobscots  will  be 
active  with  those  other  Indians  let  their  pretentions  be  what 
it  will,  'tis  their  grate  Intriest  to  Keep  up  a  Shew  of  Friend- 
ship att  S4  georges,  thereby  the  better  not  only  to  Supply 
them  Selves  with  nessaceryes,  but  all  those  Indians  who  will 
be  active  against  us  — 

I  have  gotten  Timber  Sufncent  to  Finish  Fort  Hallifax 
according  to  a  plan  I  sent  your  Excellency  about  ye  latter 
end  of  inarch  which  Draft  I  would  Humbely  Refar  your 
Excellency  to,  and  pray  a  Speedy  answar,  to  sd  plan,  wheither 
your  Excellency  aproves  thereof  or  not,  I  am  sure  this  way 
will  be  of  less  Expence  to  ye  province,  then  to  finish  it  ye 
way  it  now  standes,  as  I  have  Signified  In  ye  Letter  which 
Inclos'd  sd  plan  to  which  I  would  also  with  Submission  Refer 
your  Excellency. 

I  have  Dismised  15  or  16  Invaleds  from  Hallifax  have  had 
none  In  Returne,  Save  one  man,  our  Number  there  is  about 
70  men,  a  grate  many  of  which  is  but  Indiffrent,  and  Several 
Sick,  we  have  medisons  but  know  not  ye  use  therof  haveing 
no  Directions  for  ye  applyecation  thereof,  or  Docter,  to  Dress 
a  wound  In  Case  of  an  Ingagement. 

for  want  of  your  Excellencys  Instructions,  and  from  what 
your  Excellency  mentioned  Conserning  a  Redoubt  being 
Built  that  would  Commd  ye  Eminence,  and  least  ye  Work- 
men Should  be  Idle  not  haveing  ye  above  Directions  in  Time 
have  begun  a  Redoubt  In  a  Suiteable  place  34  feet  Square  4 
feet  &  9  Inches  the  Walls  thickness,  2  Storey  High  Hip 
Roofe  Watch  Box  on  ye  Top,  to  be  Surrounde-  at  proper 


Distance  with  open  piquites,  this  will  be  Canon  proof  the 
first  Storey  is  Raised  the  Wall  Square  —  Timber,  tyed  with 
oack  Dufftails,  this  Redoubt  will  Command  ye  Eminence,  as 
also  the  falls  and  all  ye  Cleer  Land  to  the  wastward  of  ye 
falls  — 

it  is  Erected  on  ye  Hiest  Known  Estward  of  ye  Cutt  Path 
that  assends  the  Eminence.  In  this  Building  it  will  be  very 
nessacery  two  pieces  of  Good  Canon  Carrying  14  or  18  pound 
Shot  Each,  be  placed  therein,  those  Canon  Should  be  well 
fortified  and  Long  as  ye  Wall  is  thick,  we  Can  make  the 
Carriges  here  which  we  Can  Suite  to  ye  Height  of  ye 
Embrasures  — 

1  would  Humbely  pray  your  Excellencys  Wise  Considera- 
tion on  ye  above  perticulers  with  an  answer  to  your  Excel- 
lencys, most  Dutifull  Humble  Serv1 

William  Lithgow 

Richmond  may  11th  1755 

P  S  Coll0  Gushing  has  given  orders  for  ye  Impressment  of 
100  men,  Som  of  which  is  this  Day  arived  but  I  Cannot 
proseed  to  ye  transporting  ye  Stores  till  ye  whole  Num- 
ber be  Compleet,  feering  an  ambuscade,  as  I  am  per- 
swaided  ye  Enemy  Designs  Such  a  thing. 

W.  Lithgow 

Letter,  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley,  May  13,  1755. 

May  it  Please  your  Excellency 

on  Monday  ye  11th  Instant  the  Indians  has  taken  or  killed 
two  men  belonging  to  Fankfort,  one  Named  John  Tufts,  the 
other  Abner  Macon ;  the  Indians  was  Seen  by  a  Boy  Belong- 
ing to  ye  above  Tufts  go  Into  His  masters  House,  and  heard 
his  master  Crye  for  quarter,  ye  Boy  being  at  Som  Distance 


from  ye  House  mad  His  ascape  to  this  Fort  and  gave  ye  above 
account,  upon  which  I  Sent  out  a  party  of  men  to  make  Dis- 
covery, and  as  thay  got  to  ye  above  sd  House,  it  was  all  in 
Flaims,  thay  Tracked  a  Considerible  Number  of  ye  Enemy, 
but  Saw  non  — 

I  have  applyfl  to  all  ye  Indipendent  Captains  for  their 
assistence  to  Transport  ye  province  Stores  to  Hallifax,  who 
tells  ye  messingers  I  Sent  that  Thay  Could  not  possibley  git 
any  of  their  men  to  Com  with  Them  for  that  Service,  So 
that  I  expect  to  have  none  of  their  assistince  — 

Coll0  Gushing  has  given  orders  for  ye  Impressment  of  one 
Hundred  men  by  my  applycation  to  Him  for  ye  above  Ser- 
vice, fifty  of  which  is  arived  at  this  place,  but  are  poorly 
fixed  with  armes,  I  have  Demanded  of  sd  Collonel  two  Hun- 
dred men,  as  ye  Indipendend  Companyes  will  not  apeer,  but 
know  not  if  He  will  Send  them:  which  Number  of  200 
(Exclusive  of  the  Souldiery  at  Fort  Hallifax  which  Is  about 
70  men  &  officers)  I  humbley  Conseve  to  be  full  Scantey  as 
ye  Enemy  well  knows  ye  path  we  must  Infalibely  use  the 
whole  Time  of  our  Transporting  sd  Stores,  which  will  be  a 
Work  of  Time,  to  Carry  up  sd  River,  9  or  12  months  Provi- 
sions to  Fort  Hallifax,  for  my  part  I  must  Confess  I  think  it 
would  not  be  prudent  to  undertacke  such  a  Haszous  piece  of 
Service  under  ye  above  Number  of  200  men,  and  I  think 
noboday  will  Denye  by  Saying  ye  above  Named  is  too  many, 
if  thay  Do  but  first  throughely  weigh  all  ye  hazous  Circum- 
stances that  will  attend  ye  above  Service. —  it  is  as  if  we 
Should  Draw  out  200  men  and  Expose  them  to  the  view  of 
ye  Enemy,  and  Say  to  them  Can  you  out  of  all  ye  Tribes  of 
Nerrigewack,  arsseguntecoocks,  S*  Johns,  and  penobscott 
Bring  a  Sufficent  Number  to  uppose  us  in  our  present  Expe- 
dition, if  you  Can  now  is  your  Time,  this  I  apprehend  to  be 
a  true  Representation  of  this  matter,  and  am  perswaided  ye 
Indians  Knowes  it  as  well  as  we  Do,  and  if  Thay  Come  to 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  395 

attact  us  in  this  present  Busniss,  tbay  will  be  all  active 
against  us,  ye  penobscotts  not  Excepted,  let  their  pretence  be 
what  it  will.  In  ye  year  fifty  80  of  ye  arssegunticoock  or  Can- 
ada Indians,  Captivated  Sundry  as  also  Kill'1  som  of  ye  peo- 
ple of  this  River  as  well  as  Cattle  and  Burnt  Houses,  which 
then  ye  penobscots  &  Nerigewacks  Denied  haveing  any  Hand 
In  that  Mischeif,  till  afterwards  ye  Nerigewacks  acknoliged 
to  me,  thay  ware  almost  all  active  then,  as  also  ye  penobscots 
Confessed  to  Cap1  Bradbury,  that  Ten  of  their  Tribe  Joyned 
ye  above  Canada  Indians  In  that  affair,  it  will  be  the  same 
Case  now  but  with  this  Diffrence  thay  will  be  more  unanni- 
mous,  I  appointed  ye  10th  Instent  for  ye  two  Hundred  men 
to  be  at  Fort  Western  which  I  Delayed  a  fortnight  longer  to 
give  ye  Inhabitence  opportuniety  to  finish  Sowing  &  planting 
their  Fields,  as  thay  and  I  had  Consulted,  ye  Time  now  Is 
elapsed  that  thay  Should  be  here,  and  as  I  am  aprehencive 
thay  will  Suerly  Dissapoint  me,  I  thought  it  my  Dutey  to 
acquaint  your  Excellency  herewith,  and  if  Somthing  be  not 
Imedietly  Dun  Fort  Hallifax  will  be  out  of  Provisions  by  ye 
latter  end  of  this  month. — 

all  which  I  Humbley  Submitt  to  Your  Excellencys  Con- 
sidderation,  and  Humbely  pray  thare  may  be  Somthing  Sped- 
ly  Dan  that  may  be  affectual  to  Remidate  ye  above  Dificulty, 
which  Your  Excellency  will  be  the  only  Judge  of. — 

I  have  packed  up  ye  province  goods  which  will  be  Sent  by 
ye  Return  of  Cap1  Sanders,  and  am  Determined  to  abandon 
Richmond  Fort  as  ever  ye  Forces  arives,  unless  your  Excel- 
lency gives  Contrary  Directions,  if  it  Should  be  ye  govern- 
ments pleasure  as  it  is  warr,  to  post  a  few  men  at  this  Fort 
I  would  pray  to  have  ye  Direction  of  such  Number,  as  my 
Improvements  here  base  Cost  me  a  grate  Deel,  and  as  I  must 
leave  my  Cattle  here  also  for  want  of  pasturige  at  Fort  Hal- 
lifax, or  Hay  to  subsist  them  on,  which  is  ye  Reason  I  would 
Desier  ye  Direction  of  ye  above  Number, — 


I  beg  Leave  to  Subscribe  my  Selfe  your  Excellencys  most 
Dutifull  Serv1 

Willm  Lithgow 
Turn  over 
P  :  S  I  have  Sent  Several  Letters  to  your  Excellency, 
Respecting  How  Fort  Hallifax  Shall  be  finished  to  which 
Letters  and  plan  Inclose  In  one  of  those  Letters  how  I 
thought  best,  and  most  for  the  advantage  of  ye  province  to 
finish  sd  Fort,  I  would  Humbley  Refair  your  Excellency  to 
sd  Letters  and  plan,  and  pray  an  answar  thereto. 

W  Lithgow 
Richmond  Fort  may  13th  1755 

Letter,  E.  Freeman,  for  Gol.  Ezkl  Gushing,  to  Gov.  Shirley 

Falmouth  May  15Ul  1755 

Cap*  Lithgow  writes  me  that  on  ye  11th  Instant,  the  Indians 
burnt  a  House  on  Kenebeck  River  &  carry'd  away  or  kill'd 
two  men,  a  more  particular  Acco1  whereof,  I  presume  he  has 
wrote  Your  Excelly,  And  he  Acquaints  me,  that  the  Inde- 
pendent Companies,  refuse  to  appear  and  Assist  in  Guarding 
the  Province  Stores  up  to  Fort  Hallifax ;  Whose  Captains 
had  Orders  from  me  (pursuant  to  Orders  I  had  receiv'd  from 
his  Honour  the  Lieut1  Govern1)  to  march  their  whole  Com- 
panies upon  that  Business ;  but  Cap1  Lithgow  giving  me  to 
understand  that  150  men  at  least  wou'd  be  necessary;  & 
there  was  so  little  Dependence  on  the  Independent  Com- 
panies (whose  principal  View  seems  to  be,  that  they  might 
be  Skreen'd  from  all  military  Duty)  I  order'd  a  hundred  men 
to  be  rais'd  out  of  this  small  Expos'd  Regiment,  and  Sent 
'em  to  Cap1  Lithgow,  Expecting  ye  Remaining  fifty  wou'd 
appear  from  Some  of  Independ1  Companies  but  they  not  fur- 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  397 

nishing  a  man,  Cap1  Lithgow  now  requests  that  there  may  be 
200  men  with  all  possible  Speed,  for  he  cannot  act  with 
Safety,  without  that  Number  but  I  am  not  able  to  Send  him 
any  more  from  hence  almost  all  our  men  able  to  perform  that 
Service,  being  gone  to  Sea  fishing  &c. — 

I  am  Your  Excelly,s  most  Dutiful  &  Obed1  hum  Serv1 

Enoch  Freeman 
in  Behalf  of  Coll0  Ezekiel  dishing 
His  Excels  Wm  Shirley  Esq 

Letter,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Col.  Ezkl  Cashing 

Boston  May  19,  1755 

I  have  reccl  Letters  from  Cpt.  Lithgow  giving  me  an 
Account  of  the  State  of  the  Garrison  at  Fort  Hallifax  that  their 
Provision  is  near  expended,  &  that  there  can  be  no  Safety 
of  Conveying  the  Provisions  now  lying  at  Fort  Western 
with  any  Guard  [less]  than  of  Two  hundred  Men,  that  there 
is  but  One  hundred  as  yet  provided  &  that  the  Season  of 
Conveying  the  Provisions  will  very  soon  be  over:  You  must 
therefore  at  all  adventures  with  Dispatch  make  up  your  Men 
Two  Hundred  &  take  Care  that  the  said  Guard  be  immedi- 
ately employed  in  the  said  Service,  &  that  the}'  be  not  dis- 
charged without  my  Express  Order ;  For  I  shall  give  Orders 
for  the  raising  One  Hundred  Men  more  out  of  Sir  Wm  Pep- 
perils  Regiment  to  be  added  to  the  said  Two  hundred  but 
they  cannot  be  soon  enough  on  the  Place  for  that  particular 
Service  of  Guarding  the  Stores  Therefore  I  must  depend 
upon  your  being  thorough  in  this  Business,  the  Consequence 
of  a  Miscarriage  herein  will  be  very  fatal,  And  to  ease  you 
in  this  Affair  I  shall  give  you  a  Warr*  to  impress  some  of 


these  Men  out  of  the  independent  Companys  which  must  be 
done  with  as  much  Equality  as  may  be. 

I  am  Sir  Your  Friend  &  Servant 

W  Shirley 
Col0  Ezek1  Gushing 

Gov.  Shirley  to  C'apt.  Wm  Liihgow 

Boston  May  20,  1755 

Your  Letters  of  the  19  April  and  the  13th  instant  I  have 
received  and  in  answer  thereto  It  is  my  direction  that  you 
go  on  with  the  Redoubt  without  Loss  of  Time  as  to  your 
Proposals  for  the  Alteration  of  Halifax  it  is  an  Affair  that 
requires  some  Consideration  And  I  shall  send  my  Orders  to 
you  as  soon  as  I  am  able  to  advise  with  the  General  Assem- 
bly in  that  particular. 

I  have  directed  Col0  Cushing  at  all  Events  to  make  up  the 
Number  of  Men  you  have  requested  to  Two  hundred  and 
have  likewise  given  Orders  to  the  Commanding  Officer  of 
the  Western  Regiment  in  the  County  of  York  forthwith  to 
impress  One  hundred  Men  these  Forces  are  to  be  sent  to  the 
River  Kennebeck  and  there  to  be  employed  according  to  your 
Directions  for  the  Safe  Conveying  the  Publick  Stores  to  Fort 
Halifax  and  such  other  Duty  as  I  shall  hereafter  direct. 

Copy  of  Letter  Henry  Little  to  C.  C.  Leissner  June  4, 1755. 

Yours  received  this  Instant  Cap1  Nickels  not  being  at  home 
for  he  is  been  gone  this  12  Days  to  Richmond  for  to  help 


with  their  Stores  I'll  send  you  as  full  an  Account  as  I  can 
for  I  was  One  of  12  Men  that  went  out  to  the  Place  where 
the  Men  was  at  work,  there  was  Sixe  Men  and  three  Boyes 
went  out  to  another  place  about  a  Mile  and  a  halfe  from  the 
Town  Garrison  with  8  Yoack  of  Oxen,  they  toock  two  Men 
and  two  Boyes  One  Ould  Man  Named  John  Cuningham  and 
William  Ross  with  two  of  his  Sons,  this  Ross  is  Lame  and 
was  taken  with  One  of  the  said  Boyes  before  to  Cannada  the 
other  Boye  hid  in  the  Bushes  till  we  went  to  the  Pace,  they 
fired  at  one  of  our  men  that  had  a  Gun  but  did  not  hurt  him 
neighter  did  they  hurt  any  of  the  Oxen,  they  empted  out 
about  a  Bushel  of  Pease  out  of  a  Bagg  and  caried  of  the 
Baggs  and  some  Pease,  You  must  Note  that  this  Boy  was 
one  of  the  three  Boyes  that  assisted  with  the  fore  Men.  You 
may  Depend  that  we  will  send  You  an  Ace1  from  time  to 
time  as  we  can  &c 

dated  New  Castle  2th  June  175.") 

signed  Henry  Little 

Letter,  C.  C.  Leissner  to   Gov.  Shirley,  June  4,  1755. 


I  beg  leave  to  Communicate  Your  Excellency  inClosed  a 
Copy  of  a  Letter,  which  I  received  Yesterday  by  an  Express 
from  New  Castle,  Your  Excellency  will  See  by  that,  the  mis- 
chief which  has  allready  been  done,  so  little  distance  from 
this  Settlement;  Your  Excellency  will  likewise  hear  the 
Ace1  which  some  Indians  lately  brought  in  to  S'  Georges 
Ford,  before  Cap*  Sander_  was  out  of  that  river ;  and  as  we 
expect  every  moment  that  the  Enemy  will  fall  on  us,  & 
being,  (as  in  a  former  Letter  mentioned)  with  out  fire  Arms, 
the  inhabitants  have  prevailed  on  me,  to  Pray  Your  Excel- 
lencys  Assistance  therein,  as  they  otherwise  would   be   all 


Killed,  or  destroyed :  I  have  in  a  former  letter  given  Your 
Excellency  an  Ace*,  what  a  Great  Number  of  People  being 
Settled  in  this  Bay,  which  are  all  resolved  to  do  so ;  but  at 
present  it  being  impossible,  to  Keep  them  from  going  about, 
as  their  Necessaty  Obliged  them  to  do  so,  therefore  Humbly 
Pray  Your  Excellency,  to  consider  our  Unhappy  Situation, 
and  to  Order  a  party  of  them  in  pay,  that  we  may  have  a 
regular  Protection. 

I  Subscribe  my  Self  in  Duty  bound 

Your  Excellencys  most  Submissfull  Servant 

C.  C.  Leissner 
Broad  Bay  4th  June  1755 


William  Shirley  Esqr  Cap1  Generall  and  Governor 

in  and  over  his  Majestys  Province  of  the 

Massachusetts  Bay  in  New  England 


Letter  Josiah  Beat  to  Grov.  Shirley,  June  5,  1755. 

Honored  Sir 

I  under  Stand  By  mr  freaman  how  teels  me  I 
must  Not  Saile  oute  of  falmouth  With  My  Schooner  teel 
further  orders  Sir  I  no  your  Excelency  has  arite  to  Lay 
Imbargo  on  all  Vesells  and  had. that  Been  the  Case  I  should 
Not  took  this  Libarty  to  Rite  your  Excy  made  agood  acte 
Concaring  the  Coram88  with  the  french  which  is  full  aNuf  to 
hindar  any  one  of  Beinge  So  Base  as  to  Brack  that  Good 
Law  May  It  please  your  Excly  If  thare  is  aney  truth  in  Man 
Kind  I  have  No  more  thorts  of  Goinge  to  Louiesbouge  then 
I  have  of  Beinge  made  Kinge  Nor  of  Droundeinge  My  Self 
for  I  am  Detarmened  Never  to  have  aney  more  tradinges 
with   them  Nither  in  peace  or  Wor  as  for  this  Schooner" 

OP   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  401 

Intirley  Belongs  to  Col1  Jedidiah  Prebele  Esq  and  my  Self 
and  he  and  I  Concluded  Before  he  went  to  anopeles  rioyal  or 
Elswhare  that  I  Should  fix  hir  oute  and  Sell  her  If  posabele 
or  Send  hir  to  the  Westandeys  and  I  am  Willinge  to  Belade 
ounder  Bonds  for  all  I  have  in  the  world  that  If  I  go  to 
Louisbouge  or  to  have  aney  Commers  with  the  french  to 
Looues  It  all  or  Even  to  Loues  my  Life  I  have  made 
prepperation  with  a  Sloop  I  have  to  fix  hir  oute  as  aprivet 
teear  as  Sune  as  Worr  is  Declared  and  that  is  all  the  wayes 
I  inteend  to  Beconcarned  with  the  french  as  Longe  as  I  Live 
I  am  Readey  to  Sarve  the  Goviement  In  aney  publick  afare 
with  this  Schooner  and  am  willinge  to  Venter  all  my  Entrest 
to  purteeck  this  Goviment  I  Should  Be  glad  If  your  Excly 
would  Lay  me  ounder  Bonds  Reather  then  to  Stop  the 
Schooner  for  It  Will  Be  a  grate  Damedge  to  Coll  Prebele 
and  my  Self  Dear  Sir  Excues  my  Boaldness  In  Riteinge  in 
this  Broacken  Marner  and  you  will  Give  Honor  to  yor  most 
Humbell  Sarvant 

Josiah  Beal 
falmouth  June  5  :  1755 

[  Superscribed  ] 
For  Excelency  William  Shirley  Esq 
In  the  House  of  Reprs  June  9,  1755. 

Read  and  Ordered  That  Mr  Frost,  Cap1  Milliken  and 
Mr  Sparhawk  with  such  as  the  Honle  Board  shall  join,  be  a 
Comtee  to  take  this  Letter,  and  the  affair  referred  to  therein 
under  consideration  and  report  what  they  think  proper  to  be 
done  thereon. 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

T  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  June  9th  1755  Read  and  Concurrd ;  and  John 
Greenleaf  &  John  Hill  Esq18  are  join'd  in  the  Affair 
Thos  Clarke  Dp^  Secry 



Benya  Burton  to  Thos  Proctor 

Sl  Georges  June  6th  1755 
Dr  Brother  / 

Yesterday  about  nine  of  the  Clock  we  heard  about  15  guns 
fired  and  after  that  Cap1  Bradbury  fired  an  Alarm  upon 
which  three  men  went  up  to  the  fort  to  hear  what  was  Done 
and  there  is  two  Scotchs  Lads  Killed  or  taken :  but  we 
supose  Killed:  the_  were  Brothers:  there  Sir  names  is 
Brown  — 

there  was  three  more  up  the  River  the  same  time  but  at 
Sum  Distance  from  them  viz  mr  Larmond  Archbald  Gamble 
&  Son  but  Got  Safe  home  —  those  are  our  good  frends  the 
Penobscuts  so  Exstold  by  our  B:  E  Comander  here  I  hope 
the  Goverment  will  now  Doo  Sumthing  to  prevent  our  Ruin 
by  a  Savage  Enemy. 

I  Remain  your  Loveing  Brother  till  Death 

Benja  Burton 
To  Cap*  Thomas  Proctor  in  Boston 
neer  the  Orringe  tree 

Letter,  Capt.  Wm  Lithgow  to  Gov.  Shirley  June  8, 1755 

May  it  Please  Your  Excellency  / 

with  submission,  I  would  acquaint  you,  that  there  Is  now 
Lodged  In  Fort  Hallifax  a  Sufficency  of  all  Sorts  of  provi- 
sions to  Subsist  ye  garrison  there  posted,  till  ye  middle  of 
next  February,  I  should  have  Convayed  ye  whole  of  ye  Stores 
theither  had  ye  Rive_  permitted,  but  being  Dissapointed  by 
ye  Forces  not  appering  at  Fort  Western  according  to  the 
Time  perficed  which  was  ye  10th  of  May,  and  thay  not  apper- 
ing till  ye  22d  of  ye  same  month,  by  which  Time  the  River 

OF    THE    STATE   OF    MAINE  403 

was  fallen  that  we  Could  not  go  up  but  5  Trippes  ye  last  of 
which  we  Could  not  Carry  our  Boates  more  then  halfe 
Lodned,  for  which  Reason,  as  also  Considdering  that  ye 
Expence  of  such  a  guard  would  be  grate  to  ye  province  I 
accordingly  Dismissed  those  Forces  Judging  it  no  ways  for 
ye  advantige  of  ye  government  to  Keep  them  Longer  then  we 
Could  go  up  ye  River  with  lodned  Boates,  the  above  five 
Trippes  was  proformed  In  Ten  Days  goin  up  one  Day  & 
Coming  Down  ye  next,  the  Wether  being  Drye  Rested  nott 
one  Day  Except  ye  Sabath,  and  as  your  Excellency  was 
plesed  to  give  me  ye  Direction  of  all  those  Forces  and  least 
any  Dificulty  Should  arise  for  want  of  my  presents  I  Contin- 
ued with  them  boath  In  their  goaing  up  &  Down  ye  River,  ye 
first  3  Trips  we  mad,  our  Number  of  men  Consisted  of  150 
halfe  of  which  was  Imploy'd  In  ye  Boates  So  that  I  look  on't 
we  ware  but  very  Weake  as  ye  men  In  ye  Boates  Could  not 
have  ben  of  a  mediet  Service,  as  their  armes  ware  Stowed  In 
Such  a  manner  to  Keep  them  Drye  So  that  thay  Could  not 
be  prepaired  as  those  on  ye  Land  had  we  ben  attacted,  ye 
Last  Two  Trips  our  Number  was  Incresed  to  about  200  men 
Including  20  men  out  of  Fort  Hallifax  &  6  out  of  Fort  Wes- 
teren,  as  for  the  100  men  your  Excellency  ordred  from  the 
Western  Regiment,  Commanded  by  Sr  William  peperel  -  did 
arive  here  till  we  ware  obliged  to  quitt  the  Service,  this  Last 
Company  Consisted  of  80  men  Commanded  by  Captn  Brag- 
don,  and  as  I  understood  your  Excellency  might  have  far- 
ther Service  for  this  Last  Company  after  ye  Stores  ware  Con- 
vay'd  to  Fort  Hallifax,  I  Endeavoured  to  perswaid  Cap1 
Bragdon  to  proseed  to  Fort  Hallifax  to  assist  In  guarding  ye 
hailing  of  Timber  thare,  which  now  Lyes  in  y°  Woods  and 
Can't  be  hailed  till  a  Suficent  guard  be  Sent  for  that  Service 
as  also  for  gitting  Stones  for  ye  foundations  and  Cellar  of  ye 
above  Fort  but  as  there  was  no  perticuler  Directions  from 
your  Excellency  Respecting  this  Last  Company  any  farther 


then  assisting  with  the  Publick  Stores,  and  that  Sarvice 
being  Just  finished  as  thay  Came,  sd  Captn  Bragdon  Returned 
with  ye  Rest  of  ye  Forces  and  is  gon  to  york  from  whence 
he  Came  with  out  Doaing  any  other  Service. 

I  would  one  more  with  Submission  Intreet  your  Excel- 
lency that  there  may  as  Speedy  as  possible,  be  Directions 
Sent  wheither  or  no  Fort  Hallifax  may  be  Built  according  to 
ye  plane  I  sent  your  Excellency,  and  also  as  I  Could  not  pre- 
vaile  of  Cap1  Bragdon  to  Tarry  to  waite  your  Excellencys 
farther  Directions  as  Signified  In  your  Excellencyes  Last 
Letter  to  me  of  May  ye  20th  that  there  may  be  a  guard  ordred 
for  the  hailing  the  Timber,  provideing  Stone,  Burning  Brick 
&c  —  which  will  be  absolutely  needfull,  and  without  a  proper 
Reinforcement  to  attend  on  ye  above  Service,  those  things 
Cannot  be  Dun — ,  as  ye  year  is  now  far  advanced  it  will 
Requier  ye  utmost  Dilligence  to  prepair  ye  Fort  Suitable  for 
Defence,  &  the  Reception  of  ye  Souldiery,  which  had  I  had 
your  Excellencys  Instructions  two  monthes  ago  I  Should 
have  had  it  by  this  Time  pritty  well  forward  —  all  which  I 
would  humbely  Recommend  to  your  Excellencys  Wise  Con- 
sideration, for  if  I  was  sure  Your  Excellency  with  the  Hon- 
ourable Court  would  not  order  Fort  Hallifax  to  be  Built 
Boath  Defencible  and  Comfortable  for  ye  officers  and  Soul- 
diers  that  must  Remaine  there  I  would  pray  your  Excellency 
that  I  may  be  Dismissed  Reather  then  to  Live  Such  a  miss- 
erable  Life  as  I  have  Dun  for  this  Six  monthes  Past,  which 
I  believe  all  will  acknolige  that  is  acquainted  with  the  Bus- 
niss  that  I  am  now  engaged  In  — 

the  Redoubt  will  be  Dun  all  to  Covering  and  Building  the 
Chimney  and  flouring  &c  —  In  about  a  Weeks  Time,  this 
must  be  Surrounded  with  open  palisados  at  aproper  Distence 
to  Defend  it  from  ye  Enemies  fireing  of  it. — 

I  had  Determined  to  move  my  Family  to  Fort  Hallifax 
but  found  it  Impossible  as  there  was  no  Room,  for  we  have 


filled  2  of  ye  Baricks  with  Stores  and  had  we  Carried  all  ye 
Stores  up  Should  have  filled  ye  other  2  or  neer  upon  it,  that 
ye  Souldiers  would  have  been  forced  to  have  Lodged  out  of 
Doores,  but  its  no  Disadvantige  my  being  at  Richmond  as  I 
Conceive  at  present,  as  I  have  been  obliged  to  apply  to  ye 
Sundry  officers  for  assistence  from  Time  to  Time,  which  I 
Could  have  not  Dun  to  so  good  advantage  had  I  been  Con- 
stently  at  Fort  Hallifax  — 

Shall  truble  your  Excellency  no  farther  then  Beg  Leave 
to  Subscribe  my  Selfe  your  Excellencys 

most  Dutifull  Servant 

William  Lithgow 

Richmond  June  ye  8th  1755 

P  S  ye  Boates  which  I  gave  a  pattron  by  forming  a  piece 
of  wood,  to  mr  mood_  of  Brunswick  answars  ye  end 
very  well,  but  ye  two  Built  in  Boston  may  be  Recalled 
as  being  of  no  advantage  here,  So  that  we  had  but  3 
Botes  In  Steed  of  Six  that  would  answar,  and  had  we 
had  ye  number  I  prescribed,  Should  have  Convay'd  ye 
whole  of  ye  Stores  as  Soon  as  what  we  Did,  was  obliged 
to  gitt  Whail  Boates  at  Falmouth  and  Canooas,  we  had 
good  Success  never  hurt  one  of  our  Boates,  or  wett  one 
mouthfull  of  y8  provisions 

W  L 


To  His  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esqr  Govern1-  & 
Commander  in  Chief  of  his  Majestys  Province  of  the 
Massachusetts  Bay  &  the  Honble  his  Majestys  Council 
&  the  Honble  House  of  Representatives  in  General 
Court  assembled 

The  Petition  of  Caleb  Hutchings  humbly  Sheweth,  That 
in  the  year  1745  He  was  a  Soldier  in  the  Expedition  against 


Louisbourg  And  in  the  Year  1746  was  chosen  cne  of  the 
Constables  for  the  Town  of  Kittery,  &  in  the  Latter  part  of 
that  Year  ;  the  Selectmen  sent  your  Petitioner  a  List  of  the 
Vessells  said  to  belong  to  said  Town  &  directed  him  to 
collect  a  Tax  upon  the  Tonnage  thereof  amounting  to  the 
Sum  of  £21-11-6  &  to  pay  the  same  to  the  Honble  William 
Foye  Esq  Province  Treasurer  provided  that  your  Petitioner 
should  receive  a  Warrant  from  the  said  Treasurer  for  his  so 

Now  may  it  please  your  Excellency  &  Honours,  Your 
Petitioner  never  received  any  Warrant  from  the  said  Treas- 
urer for  this  purpose,  However  being  desirous  of  discharging 
his  Duty  in  the  Premises  in  the  best  Manner  in  his  Power 
He  applied  to  the  Persons  to  whom  the  Vessells  belonged 
which  were  contained  in  said  List,  &  demanded  the  Sums  of 
them  according  to  the  Same  who  refused  to  account  with  & 
to  pay  your  Petitioner  the  whole  or  any  Part  thereof  alledg- 
ing  that  they  were  not  obliged  to  pay  the  Same  by  any  Act 
of  this  Government ;  for  that  the  Law  for  granting  unto  his 
Majesty  Six  pence  g  Ton  on  all  Shipping  entering  into  Port 
or  Harbour  within  this  Province,  plainly  exempted  all  such 
Vessels  as  did  not  enter  into  any  Such  Port  or  Ports ;  But 
entered  only  into  Ports  within  some  other  Government; 
which  Latter  was  the  Case  with  these  Vessels  &  had  entered 
only  in  the  Port  of  New  Hampshire,  where  they  had  been 
subjected  for  the  Payment  of  all  Customs  &  Provincial 
Dues -They  farther  alledged  that  if  Kittery  was  a  Port  it 
was  given  in  Commission  to  the  Collector  of  his  Majesty's 
Harbours  in  New  Hampshire  &  that  all  Vessells  which  had 
belonged  to  said  Town  for  upwards  of  100  Years  had 
entered  &  Cleared  there  accordingly,  And  that  one  of  the 
Vessels  in  your  Petitioners  said  Tax  List  was  impressed 
from  Kittery  by  the  Governm*  of  New  Hampshire  (the  Year 
she  was  taxed)  to  carry  Stores  to  the  Garrison    at  Louis- 


bourg  in  the  New  Hampshire  Regiment  Viz1  A  schooner  of 
75  Tons  Nahum  Ward  Master  &  that  the  Snow-Robert 
Oran  master  abl  130  Tons  was  a  new  Vessell  fitted  out  the 
Latter  End  of  the  Year  1745  &  was  taken  in  the  Year  1746 
by  the  French  &  Carried  into  Martineco,  &  that  the  Snow 
John  Jones  Master  about  140  Tons  sailed  a  new  Vessell  in 
the  Year  1746  from  Piscataqua  &  in  returning  to  said  Port 
foundered  but  a  few  Leagues  from  said  Port  &  Vessell  & 
Cargo  were  both  Entirely  lost-  Now  may  it  please  your 
Excellency  &  Honours  such  being  the  Circumstances  &  Fate 
of  the  greater  Part  of  the  Vessells  in  my  said  Tax  List,  I 
could  not  find  that  I  had  any  Remedy  against  the  Vessells  or 
the  Owners  of  the  same,  But  Notwithstanding  there  has 
lately  issued  from  the  present  Province  Treasurer  an  Execu- 
tion against  your  Petitioner  for  the  aforesaid  sum  of 
£21-11-6  which  has  been  served  upon  your  Petitioner  by 
the  Sheriff  of  the  County  of  York  &  your  Petitioner  not 
being  in  Circumstances  to  pay  the  same,  &  apprehending  if 
he  was,  that  it  does  not  of  Right  belong  to  him  pay  the 
Same,  &  being  now  out  of  Goal  only  by  the  Indulgence  of 
the  Sheriff  till  he  could  make  application  to  your  Excellency 
&  Honours  Humbly  begs  your  Excellency  &  Honours  would 
graciously  be  pleased  to  take  his  distressed  Circumstances, 
his  Innocence ;  into  your  Consideration  &  afford  him  such 
Relief,  as  in  your  great  Wisdom  Goodness  &  Compassion 
you  shall  see  meet,  &  as  in  Duty  bound  shall  ever  Pray 

Caleb  Hutchings 
In  the  House  of  Rep™  June  9.  1755. 

Read,  and  Whereas  it  Appears  to  this  Court  that  the 
Select  men  of  the  Town  of  Kittery  mistook  the  Law  in 
levying  an  assessment  upon  the  Vessels  referred  to  in  this 
Petition ;  and  that  the  Petr  had  no  Authority  to  collect  the 
same :  Therefore  Ordered  That  the  Province  Treasurer  be, 
and  he  is  hereby  directed  to  withdraw  his  Execution  which 


he    has    issued  against  the  Petr  and  that  he  discharge  the 
Town  of  Kittery  of  the  sum  of  Twenty  one  Pounds  eleven 
shillings  and  six  pence  New  Tenor  which  they  stand  charged 
with  in  his  Books  for  the  aforesaid  Assessment. 
Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

T  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  June  9.  1755 
Read  and  Concurred 

Tho8  Clarke  Dep^  Secry 
Consented  to 

W  Shirley 


In  the  House  of  Representatives,  June  9,  1755. 

Voted,  That  his  Excellency  the  Captain-General  and 
Governour,  be  desired  immediately  to  declare  War  against 
the  Arasaguntacook  Tribe  of  Indians  ;  and  all  other  the 
Tribes  of  Indians,  Eastward  and  Northward  of  Piscataqua 
River,  the  Penobscott  Tribe  only  excepted. 

That  his  Excellency  be  desired  to  inform  said  Penobscott 
Tribe,  that  this  Government  is  sincerely  desirous  to  maintain 
Peace  and  Amity  with  them,  and  to  take  into  their  pay  and 
Subsistence,  all  such  of  their  Tribe  as  are  ablebodied  effective 
Men,  capable  of  bearing  Arms,  and  will  act  offensively  with 
us,  against  those  Tribes  of  Indians,  who  in  the  most  auda- 
cious and  perfidious  Manner,  have  violated  their  solemn 
Treaties  of  Peace  with  us ;  and  upon  which,  by  all  the 
Treaties  now  subsisting  between  us  and  the  Penobscott 
Tribe,  they  are  obliged  to  take  up  Arms  as  aforesaid ;  and 
that  upon  their  so  doing,  this  Government  will,  at  their  own 
Charge,  take  Care  of,  and  Support  their  Invalids,  Women 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  409 

and  Children,  if  they  will  come  amongst  us,  and  put  them- 
selves under  our  Protection. 

That  for  the  Defence  of  the  Eastern  Frontiers,  a  marching 
Army  be  raised  by  Inlistment,  consisting  of  300  Men,  exclu- 
sive of  Officers ;  that  they  be  constantly  employ'd  in  Scout- 
ing, and  that  their  Destination  be  as  follows : 

That  Fifty  Men  be  employ'd  in  Scouting  from  Lebanon  to 
Saco-River :  Sixty  Men  from  Saco-River,  to  New-Boston,  by 
the  Way  of  Pearson  and  Hobbs  Town,  and  New-Gloucester : 
Ninety  Men  from  New  Boston  to  Frankfort :  One-Hundred 
Men  from  Frankfort  to  the  Truck-House  on  St.  George's- 

That  the  Pay  for  the  Officers  and  Soldiers,  be  the  same  as 
is  now  Established  for  the  Officers  and  Soldiers  in  the 
intended  Expedition  against  Crown  Point,  and  the  Subsist- 
ence the  same  as  was  allowed  to  marching  Forces  during  the 
last  War :  And  a  Bounty  of  three  Dollars  to  be  given  to  each 
Soldier  that  may  inlist  and  find  his  own  Gun. 

That  the  following  Bounty  be  granted  and  allowed  to  be 
paid  out  of  the  publick  Treasury,  over  and  above  the 
Encouragement  aforesaid. 

For  every  Male  Indian  Prisoner  above  the  Age  of  Twelve 
Years,  that  shall  be  taken  and  brought  to  Boston,  Fifty 

For  every  Male  Indian  Scalp,  brought  in  as  evidence  of 
their  being  killed,  Forty  Pounds. 

For  every  Female  Indian  Prisoner,  taken  and  brought  in 
as  aforesaid,  and  for  every  Male  Indian  Prisoner  under  the 
age  of  Twelve  Years  taken  and  brought  in  as  aforesaid, 
Twenty-five  Pounds. 

For  every  Scalp  of  such  Female  or  Male  Indian  under 
Twelve  Years  of  Age,  brought  in  as  evidence  of  their  being 
killed,  as  aforesaid,  Twenty  Pounds. 

That  there  be  but  two  Commission  Officers,  viz.  a  Captain 


and  Lieutenant  to  a  Company  of  not  less  than  forty-five 
Men ;  that  the  Establishment  be  for  five  Months,  to  com- 
mence from  the  twentieth  Day  of  June  Instant  and  no 
longer;  that  the  Pay  and  Subsistence  of  the  Soldiers  that 
may  be  inlisted  as  aforesaid,  commence  upon  the  day  of  their 
Inlistment,  and  that  an  Establishment  be  made  accordingly. 

Also  Voted,  That  Fort-Halifax,  and  the  Store-House  at 
Cushnoc  be  Garrison'd  with  eighty  Men,  and  no  more. 

Fort  at  Brunswick :   Five  Men  and  no  more. 

Fort  Frederick  at  Pemaquid,  with  Twenty  Men  and  no 

The  Truck-House  at  St.  Georges's,  with  Forty-three  Men, 
and  no  more. 

The  Truck-House  at  Saco,  with  fifteen  Men  and  no  more. 

Also  Voted,  That  Richmond-Fort  is  of  no  Service  for  the 
Defence  of  the  Eastern  Country,  and  therefore  that  the 
Captain-General  be  desired  to  dismantle  the  same,  give 
Orders  for  the  Removal  of  the  Province  Stores  which  are 
there.     And 

That  his  Excellency  the  Captain-General  be  desired  to 
give  Orders  that  all  those  Men  who  were  impressed  to  Guard 
the  Province  Stores  up  to  Fort-Hallifax  be  dismissed  upon 
their  having  performed  that  Service. 

And  for  an  Additional  Security  to  the  Western  Frontiers : 

Voted,  That  there  be  Four  Men  at  Fort-Dummer,  and  no 

At  Fort  Massachusetts :  Forty  Men,  and  no  more. 

At  Pontoosuck :  Eleven  Men,  and  no  more 

For  the  three  Garrisons  at  Charlemont :  Twenty  four  Men, 
and  no  more. 

At  the  three  Garrisons  at  Colerain :  Twenty-four  Men, 
and  no  more. 

At  the  two  Garrisons  at  Fall-Town :  Fourteen  Men,  and 
no  more. 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  411 

At  Northfield  and  Greenfield :   Twenty  Men,  and  no  more. 

And  that  the  Pay  of  the  Officers  and  Soldiers  in  the 
several  Forts  and  Garrisons,  be  the  same  as  was  provided  by 
the  last  Establishment  made  for  said  Forts  and  Garrisons. 

And  that  if  in  the  Judgment  of  the  Captain-General,  he 
shall  hereafter  find  it  necessary  that  there  be  a  Number  of 
Men  employed  in  Scouting  between  the  Rivers  of  Connecti- 
cut and  Merrimack :  That  he  be  desired  to  raise  thirty  Men 
by  Enlistment,  and  destine  them  there  for  that  Purpose  for 
the  Time  aforesaid,  and  that  the  same  Pay,  Subsistence 
and  Bounty,  be  allowed  them  as  are  allowed  to  the  marching 
Forces  proposed  to  be  raised  on  the  Eastern  Frontier :  and 
that  an  Establishment  be  made  accordingly. 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

T.  Hubbard  Speaker 

In  Council,  June  10  1755  Read  and  concur'd 

Thomas  Clarke,  Dep.  Secry 
Consented  to 

W.  Shirley 

Message  of  the  House  to  His  Excellency.     June  9,  1755. 

May  it  please  Your  Excellency 

The  House  of  Representatives  having  taken  under  their 
Consideration  the  Several  Independent  Companys  in  the 
County  of  York,  and  Apprehending  that  the  design  of  Your 
Excellency  in  priviledging  those  Companys  from  Other  Ser- 
vices was,  that  they  might  be  ready  On  any  sudden  Emer- 
gency to  render  the  Government  Service,  &  thereby  prevent 
the  Necessity  of  an  Impress  on  such  Occasions.  Now  May 
it  please  Your  Excellency ;    It  Appears  to  this  House  that 


the  said  Independent  Companys  were  lately  called  upon  to 
Guard  the  Stores  Sent  to  Kennebeck  River,  for  Fort  Halli- 
fax,  and  refused  to  Appear,  or  engage  in  that  Service,  which 
Occasioned  a  large  Number  of  the  Inhabitants  of  most  of  the 
Towns  in  said  County  to  be  impressed ;  which  impress  has 
been  attended  with  very  great  inconvenience  to  the  Inhabit- 
ants in  general,  &  has  proved  very  grievous  distressing  to 

them : 

And  whereas  The  said  Independent  Companys  by   their 

being  exempted  from  any  other  dutys,  have  rendered  the 
duty  of  the  Other  inhabitants  more  frequent  and  burthen- 

We  beg  leave  to  desire  Your  Excellency  will  be  pleased 
to  order  all  the  said  Independent  Companys  to  be  disbanded, 
that  they  may  be  alike  liable  with  the  Other  Inhabitants  to 
be  called  upon  when  the  Exigencys  of  the  publick  service 
may  require  it. 

In  the  House  of  Representatives  June  9,  1755. 
Voted,  That  Mr  Sparhawk,  Coll    Cotton,  Mr  Bradbury  Mr 
Folger  and  Mr  Steele  be  a  Committee  to  wait  upon  the  Cap1 
General  with  the  foregoing  Address. 

T.  Hubbard  Spkr 

The  Committee  to  whom  was  referred  the  letter  from 
Josiah  Beal  to  the  Captain  General  for  their  consideration  of 
the  same.  Beg  leave  to  Report  that  they  are  unanimously 
of  the  Opinion,  that  it  will  not  consist  with  the  safety  of  the 
Government  in  the  present  Conjuncture  of  Affairs  to  permit 
the  said  Beal  to  proceed  to  Sea  in  the  Vessell  He  now 
Comands  or  in  any  other,  A  and  that  therefore  the  Captain 

OF   THE   STATE   OP   MAINE  413 

General  be  desired  to  take  effectual  measures  to  prevent  the 
same  at  all  Events 

All  wch  is  Humbly  Submitted 

g  John  Greenleaf 
A  for  two  Months  )  Per  order 

next  coming  J 

In  Council;  June  10,  1755.  Read  &  Ordered  that  this 
Report  be  accepted,  with  the  Amendm1  Sent  down  for 

J  Willard  Secry 

In  the  House  of  Representatives  June  11,  1755. 

Read  and  Concurred         T  Hubbard  Spkr 
Consented  to  W  Shirley 

Message.     June  12,  1755. 

Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Represent™9 

This  accompanies  divers  Letters  I  have  received  from  the 
Eastern  Frontiers,  all  on  the  Subject  of  their  Danger  from 
the  Indian  Enemy,  &  the  Releif  they  need. 

I  desire  you  would  take  them  all  under  Consideration,  and 
give  me  your  Advice  upon  these  Affairs,  and  what  you  judge 
proper  to  be  done  therein,  and  that  you  would  make  what 
Provision  is  necessary 'for  this  Court  to  do,  for  the  Effecting 
of  such  things  as  may  be  requisite  for  the  safety  of  his  Maj- 
esty's Subjects  in  those  exposed  Places,  if  you  shall  find  the 
Provision  you  have  already  made  will  not  be  sufficient. 

And  I  would  especially  recommend  to  your  most  deliber- 
ate Attention ;  the  State  of  Fort  Hallifax  in  all  its  Circum- 
stances, as  represented  to  me  in  Capt"  Lithgow's  Letter, 
which  I  now  lay  before  you,  &  his  former  Letters  upon  the 
same  Subject,  which  I  communicated  to  the  late  Assembly, 
and  I  suppose  now  ly  upon  their  Files. 


These  matters  are  of  such  Importance,  as  will  not  admit  of 
any  Delay  in  our  Resolutions  thereupon. 

W  Shirley 
Council  Chamber  June  12:  1755. 

In  the  House  of  Reps  June  12,  1755. 

Read  and  Ordered  That  Thos  Foster  Esq1  Mr  Sparhawk 
and  Mr  Tyng  with  such  as  the  Honle  Board  shall  join  be  a 
Comtee  to  take  his  Excellency's  Message  aforegoing  together 
with  the  several  Letters  accompanying  the  same  under  Con- 
sideration, And  report  what  they  think  proper  for  the  Court 
to  do  thereon  as  soon  as  may  be. 

Sent  up  for  Concurrence  T  Hubbard  Spkr 

In  Council  June  13,  1755  -  Read  &  Concur'd  &  John  Hill 
&  James  Minot  Esqrs  are  joined  in  the  Affair. 

Tho8  Clarke  Dp^  Secry 


Gentlemen  of  the  Council  &  House  of  Representatives 

Mr  Fletcher  Lieutenant  of  the  Garrison  at  Sl  Georges 
River  has  made  a  Proposal  to  me  to  have  a  Party  of  about 
thirty  Men ;  to  scout  on  that  Part  of  the  Frontiers  near  that 
River,  and  to  intercept  the  Indians  in  their  Coming  down 
upon  the  English  there  :  His  Project  seems  to  me  very  likely, 
if  well  prosecuted  to  be  attended  with  Success ;  but  it  being 
something  different  from  the  general  Plan  for  the  Defence  of 
the  Eastern  Frontiers,  &  the  Prosecution  of  the  Indian 

I  desire  that  you  would  examine  Mr  Fletcher,  and  if  you 
can  be  satisfied  of  the  Expediency  of  his  Proposal,  I  doubt 
not  but  you  will  give  him,  and  the  Men  that  may  engage 
with  him,  in  this  Design,  all  necessary  Encouragement. 

W  Shirley 
Council  Chamber  13  June  1755 

OF   THE    STATE   OF    MAINE  415 


Gent,  of  the  House  of  Representves 

I  observe  in  the  Orders,  now  given  for  supplying  this  Gov- 
ernni*  with  Fire  Arms  from  Great  Britain  you  provided  for 
Five  hundred  in  the  whole  less  than  you  judged  necessary 
in  the  last  Summer  Session. 

Indeed  you  passd  a  Vote  at  that  time  for  Making  Five 
hundred  Arms  in  this  Province,  But  altho  it  is  now  near 
seven  Months  since  that  Determination  I  cannot  understand 
that  any  further  Measures  have  been  used  to  furnish  the 
Govern m'  with  Arms  in  that  Way.  And  it  cannot  be 
expected  that  so  many  Arms  will  be  manufactured  here  in 
any  good  Season  for  the  Occasions  of  the  Governm1 

Besides  it  was  observed  by  Major  General  Win  slow  that 
the  Locks  of  those  Arms  borrowed  of  the  Town  of  Boston 
for  the  late  Expedition  on  Kennebeck  River  which  were 
made  in  this  Country  were  the  very  worst  they  had  among 
those  Forces. 

I  would  not  be  understood  in  the  least  to  discourage  this 
Manufacture  within  the  Province,  but  apprehend  it  may  be 
of  great  publick  Benefit  if  it  be  carried  on  under  due  Regu- 
lations, especially  that  the  Arms  may  pass  thr6  a  skilful  & 
faithful  Survey ;  For  Nothing  can  be  more  cruel  to  our  Sol- 
diers nor  more  injurious  to  ourselves  to  put  into  their  Hands 
such  arms  as  will  fail  upon  any  hot  Engagement, 

Upon  the  whole  Gentlemen,  I  hope  you  will  take  effectual 
Care  to  make  up  your  Compliment  of  good  Fire  arms  as  you 
first  determined  in  time  to  be  ready  for  any  sudden  Emer- 
gency at  this  critical  Conjuncture,  and  for  that  purpose. send 
Orders  to  Mr  Agent  Bollan  to  increase  the  Number  he  has 
bespoke  to  2500  Stands  of  Arms,  and  to  ship  them  here  by 
the  earliest  Opportunity 


Order,  Gov.  Shirley  to  Col.  Ezk1   Gushing  June  12,  1755. 

Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

By  His  Excellency  the  Governor  To  Coll.  Ezekiel  Crush- 
ing Greeting  Forasmuch  as  it  appears  to  me  that  in  the 
present  Circumstances  of  the  Eastern  Frontiers  It  is  not  for 
the  publick  Service  to  Keep  up  the  Independent  Companies 
on  the  said  Frontiers 

I  do  therefore  hereby  discharge  the  said  Independent  Com- 
panies from  any  special  Duty  as  such  &  from  any  Exemption 
from  the  ordinary  Military  Service  they  were  before  obliged 
to,  And  I  do  hereby  accordingly  direct  you  and  the  standing 
Military  officers  under  your  Command  to  exercise  the  same 
Authority  over  the  several  Persons  belonging  to  the  said 
Independent  Companies  as  before  the  time  when  they  were 
first  formed ;  And  do  also  hereby  require  them  to  conform 
themselves  thereunto  accordingly ; 

And  you  are  hereby  directed  to  notify  the  Commanding 
officers  of  the  said  Companies  hereof  by  sending  them  attested 
Copies  of  this  Order  ;  Hereof  fail  not. 

Given  under  my  Hand  &  Seal  at  Boston  the  12th  day  of 
June  1755  in  the  28th  Year  of  his  Maj^8  Reign. 

W  Shirley 

Letter,  Capt.  Wm  Lithgoiv  to  J.  Wheelwright  June  llf,  1755 

HonWe  Sr/ 

these  Serves  to  Inclose  an  Invoice  of  Sundry  Furs  which 
I  hope  will  Com  Safe  to  Hand,  I  had  no  oppertuniety  to 
Send  them  g  Sanders,  thay  have  ben  packed  about  a  mounth, 
I  have  ye  province  Truck  goods  packed  almost  Pray  you 
order  by  whome  I  Shall  Send  them,  as  I  under  Stand  Cap* 
Sanders  is  bound  to  New  York.     I    Intreet   you   put    His 

OF   THE    STATE   OP    MAINE  417 

Excellency  In  mind  if  In  Boston,  or  ye  Court  if  He  is  absent, 
that  I  may  have  Imediate  Directions  How  to  Finish  Fort 
Hallifax,  wheither  it  may  be  Dun  according  to  ye  plan  I  Sent, 
which  I  am  perswaided  will  be  most  to  ye  advantage  of  ye 
Province,  or  if  I  must  follow  my  first  orders  which  I  am 
Sure  will  be  to  the  Dissad vantage  of  ye  Province,  His  Excel- 
lency has  ye  plan  which  He  Informed  me  In  His  Letter  to 
me  of  may  ye  20th  that  He  would  Exhibit  the  Same  to  ye 
Court  when  assemblyed  and  accordingly  give  me  His  Direc- 
tions I  have  sent  three  Letters,  praying  I  might  have  nesscery 
orders  Respecting  ye  above  Fort,  the  Work  men  now  are 
almost  Idle  for  want  of  Instructions,  pray  thay  may  now  be 
Scut  that  Somthing  may  be  Dun  to  Render  ym  boath  Defence- 
able  and  Comfortable  for  ye  officers  and  Souldiers  ye  ensew- 
ing  Winter  that  so  the  garrison  posted  there  may  not  be 
Crouded  this  Winter  as  thay  ware  Last  which  was  ye  ocasion 
of  ye  Death  of  4  or  5  of  them  as  also  ocasioned  grate  Sick- 
ness which  Rendred  ye  men  almost  Incapable  of  Duty  as  I 
have  Leargely  In  Sundry  letters  heretofore  expressed,  - 

I  have  laid  In  a  Sufficiency  of  provisions  of  all  Sorts  In 
Fort  Hallifax  to  Subsist  80  or  90  men  till  ye  middle  of  Febr 
next,  we  had  extrordinary  Success  Carry  up  ye  provisions 
going  up  one  Day  and  Down  ye  next  Carryed  up  five  freights 
In  Ten  Days,  the  Wethers  being  Drye  Rested  only  ye  Sabath, 
we  never  wet  one  mouthfull  of  ye  provisions  or  hurt  one 
Boate  In  our  going  or  Comeing,  I  Continued  With  ye  guards 
Constently  my  Selfe,  thay  go  as  well  as  a  Whale  Boate  and 
when  Lodned  Draws  18  Inches  Water,  will  Carry  25  bbs 
pork  &  Bread  had  we  had  the  Number  of  Such  Botes  as  1 
mentioned  to  ye  government,  Should  have  Convayed  up  y® 
whole  of  the  provisions  at  five  Trips,  we  Should  have  Dun 
it  as  it  was,  had  ye  guards  ben  Raised  according  to  ye  Time 
I  preficed,  which  was  ye  10th  of  may,  but  not  Coming  till  ye 
22d  of  ye  same  month  by  which  Time  the  River  was  fallen 



to  Such  a  Degree  that  ye  last  of  ye  Trips  we  went  up,  Could 
not  Cary  ye  Botes  more  then  halfe  Lodned,  and  as  ye  River 
fell  6  Inches  In  48  hours  Could  not  go  any  more  unless  ye 
men  had  Constently  waided  which  would  have  Rendred  halfe 
our  men  Incapable  of  action  In  Case  ye  Enemy  had  atacted 
us,  upon  ye  whole  finding  ye  Dificultys  so  grate  on  account 
ye  Rivers  falling  so  fast  as  above  and  ye  Expence  of  ye  guard 
would  be  grate  to  ye  province  and  Could  Do  but  little  Ser- 
vice for  ye  Reasons  above  mentioned,  accordingly  I  Dissmised 
those  guards,  the  York  Company  Came  Just  as  we  had  fin- 
ished, and  Returned  home  without  Doaing  farther  Service, 
I  would  have  had  Cap1  Bragdon  Left  part  of  His  Company 
to  guard  ye  hailing  of  Timber  Burning  Brick  fetching  Stone 
for  the  above  Fort,  which  would  have  answred  well  as  thay 
ware  here  and  not  to  Return  to  York  without  Doaing  any 
more  then  Coming  and  going  the  providing  of  those  metirels 
as  above  is  of  absolute  nessiety  and  must  have  a  Reinforce- 
ment of  30  or  40  men  for  this  Service  and  pray  your  Honr 
mention  these  things  to  ye  Court. 

the  Canon  I  will  Send  up  by  ye  vesels  you  order  to  fetch 
ye  goods  belonging  to  ye  province,-  a  Reinforcement  to  guard 
ye  Hailing  Timber  Burning  Brick  &c,  and  Direction  Respect- 
ing ye  Fort,  must  be  Sent  otherwayes  the  Workmen  must  lye 
Idle,  let  me  Beg  you  communicate  those  thing™  to  ye  govern- 
ment, that  I  may  have  Imedietly  Directions  about  those 
affairs.  Sr  with  all  Due  Regards  I  Beg  leave  to  Subscribe 
my  selfe  your  Hours 

most  Humble  Servant 

Will"'  Lithgow 

P.  S  I  have  sent  by  patterson  31  pieces  of  gold  all  In 
papers  marked  according  to  ye  value  the  whole  amounting  to 
four  Hundred  Sixteen  pounds  Nine  Shillings  &  a  Leven 
pence  old  Tenr  £416:  9:  lla  which  Sum  I  pray  you  examine 
if  it  be  Right  as  I  have  Expressed,  and  then  Deliver  the 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  419 

Same  to  ye  Honble  Mr  Speaker  Hubbard,  that  he  may  Dis- 
charge Sevairal  Demands,  that  is  made  on  my  muster  Roal, 
which  He  is  Knowing  of,-  I  have  also  Sent  to  mr  Richard 
Hootton  120z  8dwt  12qr  of  gold  weighed  In  bulk  and  expect 
He  will  Recive  it  accordingly,  thare  is  31  pieces  of  gold 
also  of  this  end  one  and  a  halfe  pistereen  ye  whole  amount- 
ing to  £491:  16:  6  old  Tenr  which  also  pray  you  See  if  it  be 
Right  and  then  Delr  ye  Same  to  mr  Hootton. — 
this  gold  is  in  a  Little  Striped  Bag  by  its  Selfe, — 

W:   L 

Letter,  TJio.  EMlpatrick  to  the  Governor  $■  Council. 
June  Uth  1755 

Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To  his  Excellency  William  Shirley  Esqr  Cap1  General  And 
Governer  in  Chief  in  and  over  his  Majesties  Province  of  the 
Massachusetts  Bay  in  New  England,  together  with  the  Hon- 
orable counsel  &  house  of  Representatives. 

May  it  please  your  Excellency  &  honnor8  to  take  into 
Consideration  our  present,  Dificult  And  dangerous  circum- 
stances Our  woods  round  our  garrisons  are  crawling  with 
lurking  Enemies  Watching  our  motion  So  that  we  are  in  con- 
tinual fear  and  Danger,  As  is  Evident  by  their  late  Clandes- 
tine attempts,  for  after  their  killing  &  barberously  using  & 
Sculping  one  boy,  they  at  the  same  time  killed  or  carried 
captive  another,  and  Soon  after  have  killed  one  man,  &  car- 
ried another  captive  of  the  dutch  at  broad  Bay,  And  within 
two  days  after  Carried  a  man  &  A  boy  Captive  from  pleas- 
ant point  So  that  no  place  is  free,  by  Reason  of  which  we 
fear  our  Garrisons  will  Soon  be  attacked  By  them,  which  are 
poorly  provided  to  make  any  proper  Resistance  or  probable 
defence,  being  but  poorly  Mand,  ill  Provided  with  arms  & 


a  munition,  And  provisions  to  defend  Our  selves,  and  fami- 
lies, So  that  without  some  Speedy  Assistance  we  must  fall  a 
prey  into  the  hand  of  our  Enemies,  or  leave  the  Countrey  to 
them  — 

This  is  the  truth  of  our  present  Circumstances  &  Situation, 
Which  I  humbly  offer  to  Your  Excellency  &  honnour",  on 
whose  Wisdom  and  Compassion  (under  god)  our  dependance 
is  - 

And  begs  leave  to  subscribe,  My  Self,  Your  Excellency*, 
and  Honno"  Most  obedient  humble  Servant  _ 

Blockhouse  Sl  Georges  14th  June  1755 

Tho  Killpatrick 


Boston  June  19,  1755. 

Having  Commissioned  you  to  be  Captain  of  a  Company  of 
fifty  Voluntiers  to  be  constantly  employed  as  a  Scout  from 
Lebanon  to  Saco  River ; 

You  must  take  care  to  enlist  into  your  Company  none  but 
able  bodied  effective  Men,  &  that  they  be  well  appointed  as 
to  Arms  &  Ammunition,  &  you  must  keep  in  constant  Duty 
of  Scouting  (saving  what  time  may  be  necessary  for  natural 
Refreshment)  &  you  must  consult  &  pursue  the  best  Meas- 
ures you  can  for  the  surprizing  Captivating  &  Destroying  the 
Indian  Enemy ;  but  must  kill  none  in  cold  Blood  or  after 
you  have  made  them  Captives. 

You  are  not  so  strictly  obliged  to  keep  the  Rout  between 
Lebanon  &  Saco  but  that  upon  advices  of  any  particular 
Advantage  likely  to  be  had  by  your  going  out  of  those  Lines 
some  little  Distance  &  Time  you  have  Liberty  to  improve 
such  Advantages  as  they  may  occur. 

OF   THE    STATE    OF   MAINE  421 

You  must  keep  as  exact  a  Journal  of  your  Proceedings  as 
your  Circumstances  will  admit  of  And  see  that  your  Lieuten1 
do  the  same  &  that  Copies  thereof  be  returned  into  the  Sec- 
retarys  Office  to  be  laid  before  me  once  a  Month  if  you  have 
Opportunity  to  send  them. 

Letter,  J.  Willard,  8ecy  to  Jacob  Fotvles  Esq 

Boston  June  19,  1755 

I  am  directed  by  the  Governor  and  Council  to  desire  that 
upon  the  Arrival  at  Marblehead  of  Benjamin  Diamond  & 
William  Reading  two  Masters  of  Fishing  Vessels,  or  either  of 
them  they  forthwith  attend  the  Board  to  give  in  their  Infor- 
mation respecting  a  French  Fleet  they  saw  to  the  Eastward, 
And  that  in  the  mean  time  you  take  the  Depositions  of  John 
Vickary  &  Jonathan  Breed  two  other  Masters  upon  oath 
respecting  that  Matter  &  send  the  same  to  my  office. 
I  am  Sir  Your  humble  Serv1 

J  Willard 
Jacob  Fowles  Esq1 



Province  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay 

To  the  Honourable  Spencer  Phipps  Esqr  Lieutenant  Gov- 
ernour  of  the  province  aforesaid  and  Commandr  in  Cheif  and 
to  the  Honble  his  Majestys  Councill  for  said  province  — 
Humbly  prayeth 

Thomas  Cushing  of  Boston  in  the  province  aforesaid,  That 
Your  Honours  would  be  pleased  to  grant  him  Your  permis- 
sion to  send  to  Halifax  in  his  Majestys  province  of  Nova 
Scotia  a  Quantity  of  provissions  and  live  Stock  for  the  Supply 


of  his  Majestys  Fleet  now  there,  Upon  his  Complying  with 
the  Terms  by  Law  Required,  And  Your  petitioner  as  in  duty 
bound  shall  ever  pray  &c 

Thomas  Cushing 
Boston  July  1755 

At  a  Council  holden  at  the  Governors  House  in  Halifax 
on  Thursday  the  3'1  July  1755.  (to  July  22-1755  ) 

The  Lieutenant  Governor 

Benj.  Green  ~] 

Jn°  Collier 

Will™  Cotterell      rCounc" 

Jonn  Belcher 


The  Lieutenant  Governor  laid  before  the  Council  the  two 
following  Memorials,  Signed  by  the  Deputies  and  a  number 
of    the    french    Inhabitants    of    Minas    and    Pisiquid,    and 
delivered  to  Cap1  Murray  the  Commanding  Officer  there,  by 
whom  they  had  been  Transmitted  to  His  Excellency. 
"  Aux  Mines  le  10.  Juin  1755. 
"  A  Son  Excellence  Charles  Lawrence  Ecuyer,  Gouverneur 
"  de  la  Province  de  la  Nouvelle  Ecosse  en  Accadie  &c 
«&c  &c 
41  Monseigneur  " 

"  Les  Habitans  des  Mines,  de  Pisiquid  et  de 
"  la  Riviere  aux  Canards,  prennent  la  liberte  de  s'  approcher 
"  de  Votre  Excellence  pour  luy  temoigner  combien  ils  sont 
"sensibles  a  la  Conduitte  que  le  Gouvernement  tien  a  leur 
"  egard,  II  paroit  Monseigneur  que  Votre  Excellence  doutte 
"  de  la  Sincerity  avec  laquelle  nous  avons  promis  d'etre  fidels 
"  a  La  Majeste  Britannique.  Nous  supplions  tres  humble- 
"  ment  Votre  Excellence  de  considerer  notre  Conduitte 
"pass^e,  et  voira  que  bien  loin  de  fausser  le  Serment  que 


"  nous  avous  prettes,  nous  avons  maintenus  dans  son  entier, 
"  malgre  les  Sollicitations  et  les  Menaces  et  payantes  d'une 
"  autre  Puissance.  Nous  sommes  Aujourd'huy  Monseigneur 
"  dans  les  meines  dispositions,  les  plus  pures  et  les  plus 
"  sinceres  de  prouver  en  toutte  Circonstance  une  fidelite,  a 
"  toutte  epreuve  pour  La  Majeste,  de  la  meme  facon  que 
"  nous  l'avons  fait  jusqu'ici,  tant  dit  que  La  Majeste"  nous 
"  laissera  les  memes  libertes  qu'elle  nous  a  accordes.  A  ce 
"  sujet,  nous  prions  instamment  votre  Excellence  de  vouloir 
"  nous  informer  des  Intentions  de  La  Majeste  sur  cet  Article, 
"  et  de  vouloir  bien  nous  en  donner  des  Assurances  de  La 
"  part." 

"  Permettrez  nous  s'il  vous  plait  Monseigneur  d'exposer 
"  icy  les  Circonstances  genantes  dans  lesquelles  on  nous 
"  retiens,  au  prejudice  de  la  Tranquility  dont  nous  devons 
"  Jouir  Sous  pretexte  que  nous  transportons  notre  Bled  ou 
"  autre  denrees  a  la  pointe  de  Beausejour,  et  a  la  Riviere  S1 
"  Jean,  il  ne  nous  est  plus  permis  de  faire  le  moindre  trans- 
"  port  de  Bled  par  eau  dune  Endroit  a  l'autre,  Nous  supplions 
"  Votre  Excellence  de  croire  que  nous  n'avons  jamais  trans- 
"porte  aucune  Provision  de  vivre,  ni  a  la  pointe  ni  a  la 
"  Riviere  Sl  Jean.  Si  quelques  Habitans  refugies  a  la  pointe 
"  ont  ete  saisies  avec  des  Bestiaux,  nous  n'en  sommes 
"  aucunement  Coupables,  d'autant  que  les  Bestiaux  leurs 
"  appartenvient  en  particulier  et  qu'  ils  les  conduisoient  sur 
"  leurs  Habitations  respectives.  quant  a  nous  Monseigneur 
"  nous  n'avons  jamais  delinque  sur  ces  sortes  de  matiere,  par 
"  consequent  nous  devrions,  ce  nous  semble,  n'en  etre  pas 
44  punis,  au  contraire  nous  esperons  qu'il  plaira  a  votre 
"  Excellence  nous  rendre  la  meme  liberte  que  nous  avions 
"  Cij  devant  en  nous  rendant  l'usage  de  nos  Canots,  soit  pour 
"transporter  nos  besoins  d'une  Riviere  a  l'autre,  soit  pour 
"  faire  la  Peche  et  par  la  subvenir  a  notre  Nouriture,  Cette 
"permission  ne  nous  a  jamais  ete  otee  qu'a  present,  nous 


"esperons  Monseigneur,  qu'il  vous  plaira  nous  la  rendre 
"surtout  en  Consideration  de  quantite  des  pauvres  Habitans 
"qui  seroient  bien  aise  de  substanter  leur  famille  avec  le 
44  Poisson  qu'ills  pourroient  prendre." 

"  De  plus  vos  Fusils,  que  nous  regardons  comme  nos 
"propres  Menbles,  nous  ont  et6  encloes  malgre  qui  nous 
44  sont  d'un  dernier  necessity,  soit  pour  deffendre  nos 
"  Bestiaux  qui  sont  attaques  par  les  Betes  Sauvages,  soit 
"  pour  la  Conservation  de  nos  Enfans  et  de  nous  memes,  tel 
4k  Habitan  qui  a  ses  Boeufs  dans  les  Bois,  et  qui  en  a  besoin 
"  pour  ses  Travaux,  n'oseroit  s'exposer  a  aller  les  chercber, 
"  sans  etre  en  etat  de  se  deffendre  et  de  se  conserver,  il  est 
"  certain  Monseigneur  que  depuis  que  les  Sauvages  ne  fre- 
"  quentent  plus  nos  Quartiers,  les  Betes  feroces  sont 
41  extremmement  augmentees,  et  que  nos  Bestiaux  en  sont 
"  devor^s  presque  tous  les  Jours,  dailleurs  les  Armes  que 
"l'ont  nous  enlevent,  sont  un  foible  garant  de  notre  fidelity, 
44  ce  n'est  pas  ce  fusil  que  possede  ni  Habitan  qui  le  portera 
"a  la  Revolte,  ni  la  privation  de  ce  meme  Fusil  que  le 
14  rendera  plus  fidel,  mais  sa  Conscience  seule  le  doit  engager 
44  a  maintenir  son  Serment." 

44 II  paroit  un  Ordre  de  par  votre  Excellence  dorm  6  au 
44  Fort  Edward  le  4me  Juin  1755  et  de  la  28me  Ann^e  du 
44  regne  de  sa  Majeste,  Signe  A.  Murray,  par  lequel  il  nous 
44  enjoints  de  transporter  les  Fusils,  Pistolets  -  au  Fort 
"  Edward,  il  nous  paroit  Monseigneur  qu'il  nous  seroit 
44dangereux  d'executer  cette  Ordre,  (dans  le  suppose  qu'il 
44s'en  trouva  encore  quelques  uns  qui  auroient  echap^s  a  la 
44  recherche  exacte  que  Ton  en  a  faite  )  avant  que  de  vous 
44  representer  le  danger  auquel  cet  Ordre.  nous  expose,  les 
44  Sauvages  peuvent  venir  nous  menacer  et  nous  avons  fournis 
44  des  Armes  pour  les  tuer,  Nous  esperons  Monseigneur  que 
44  bien  loin  de  nous  le  faire  executer  avec  tant  de  danger, 
44  qu'il    vous    plaira    au  contraire  d'ordonner  que  Ton  nous 


"  remette  ceux  que  Ton  nous  a  enlevees  et  nous  procurer  le 
"  moyen  par  la,  de  nous  conserver  nous  et  nos  Bestiaux." 

"  En  dernier  lieu,  il  nous  est  douleureux  Monseigneur  de 
14  nous  voir  eoupables  sans  le  scavoir,  un  de  nos  Habitans  de 
"la  Riviere  aux  Canards,  nomine  Pierre  Melancon,  a  et6 
"  Saisi  et  arrets  avec  la  Charge  de  son  Canot,  avant  d'avoir 
41  entendu  aucun  Ordre  portant  deffence  de  ces  sortes  de 
"  Transports.  Nous  supplions  a  ce  Sujet  Votre  Excellence 
"  de  vouloir  nous  communiquer  son  bon  plaisir  avant  de  nous 
44  confisquer  et  de  nous  mettre  enfaite.  Ce  sont  les  Graces 
"  que  nous  attendons  des  bont^s  de  Votre  Excellence,  et 
"  nous  esperons  que  vous  nous  ferez  la  Justice  de  croire  que 
"bien  loin  de  vouloir  transgresser  nos  Promesses,  nous 
44  les  maintiendrons  en  assurant  que  nous  sommes  tres 
"  respecteusement 

"  Monseigneur  Vos  tres  bumble  et  tres  obeissants 
"  Serviteurs. 

Signed  by  Twenty  five  of  the  said  Inhabitants. 

"Aux  Mines  ce  24.  Juin  1755." 

44  Son  Excellence  Charles  Lawrence  Ecuyer,  Gouverneur 
"  de  la  Province  de  la  Nouvelle  Ecosse  ou  Accadie,  &c 

44  Monseigneur, 

"  Tous  les  Habitans  des  Mines,  de  Pisiquid  et  de 
u  la  Riviere  aux  Canards  supplient  Votre  Excellence  de 
44  croire  que  si  dans  la  Requette  qu'ils  out  eu  l'honneur 
44  de  presenter  a  Votre  Excellence,  il  se  trouvoit  quelque, 
44  faute,  ou  quelque  manque  de  respect  envers  le  Gouveme- 
4<  ment,  que  c'  est  contre  leur  intention,  et  que  dans  ce  cas 
44  les  Habitans  qui  Ton  Signe  ne  sont  plus  Coupables  que  les 
44  autres.  Si  quelque  fois  il  se  trouve  des  Habitans  embar- 
44  assees  en  presence  de  Votre  Excellence,  ils  supplient  tres 
44  humblement  de  vouloir  excuser  leur  timidity  ;    et  si  contre 


"  notre  attente  il  se  trouvoit  quelque  chose  de  dure,  sur  la 
"  ditte  Request,  nous  prions  Votre  Excellence  de  nous  faire 
"  la  Grace  de  pouvoir  expliquer  notre  Intention.  Ce  sont  les 
"  faveurs  que  nous  esperons  qu'il  plaira  a  Votre  Excellence 
"  de  nous  faire  en  la  suppliant  de  croire  que  nous  sommes 
"  tres  respecteusement " 

"  Monseigneur  Vos  tres  Humbles  et  tres  obeissants 
"  Serviteurs  " 

Signed  by  Forty  four  of  the  said  Inhabitants  in  the  Name 
of  the  whole. 

The  Lieutenant  Governor  at  the  same  time  acquainted  the 
Council  that  Cap*  Murray  had  informed  him  that  for  some- 
time before  the  delivery  of  the  first  of  the  said  Memorials, 
the  french  Inhabitants  in  general  had  behaved  with  greater 
Submission  and  Obedience  to  the  Orders  of  the  Government 
than  usual,  and  had  readily  delivered  in  to  him  a  considera- 
ble number  of  their  Fire  Arms,  but  that  at  the  delivery  of 
the  said  Memorial  they  treated  him  with  great  Indecency 
and  Insolence,  which  gave  him  strong  Suspicions  that  they 
had  obtained  some  Intelligence  which  we  were  then  ignorant 
of,  and  which  the  Lieutenant  Governor  concieved  might 
most  probably  be  a  Report  that  had  been  about  that  Time 
spread  amongst  them  of  a  french  Fleet  being  then  in  the  Bay 
of  Fundy,  it  being  very  notorious  that  the  said  french  Inhab- 
itants have  always  discovered  an  insolent  and  inimical  dispo- 
sition towards  His  Majesty's  Government  when  they  have 
had  the  least  hopes  of  Assistance  from  France. 

The  Lieutenant  Governor  likewise  acquainted  the  Council 
that  upon  his  receipt  of  the  first  Memorial,  he  had  wrote  to 
Cap1  Murray  to  order  all  those  who  had  Signed  the  same  to 
repair  forthwith  to  Halifax  to  attend  him  and  the  Council 
thereon,  and  that  they  were  accordingly  arrived  and  then  in 
waiting  without. 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  427 

The  Council  having  then  taken  the  Contents  of  the  said 
Memorials  into  Consideration,  were  unanimously  of  Opinion 
That  the  Memorial  of  the  10th  of  June  is  highly  arrogant 
and  insidious,  an  Insult  upon  His  Majesty's  Authority  and 
Government,  and  deserved  the  highest  Resentment,  and  that 
if  the  Memorialists  had  not  submitted  themselves  by  their 
subsequent  Memorial,  they  ought  to  have  been  severely  pun- 
ished for  their  Presumption. 

The  Deputies  were  then  called  in  and  the  Names  of  the 
Subscribers  to  the  Memorial  read  over,  and  such  of  them  as 
were  present  ordered  to  answer  to  their  Names,  which  they 
did  to  the  Number  of  Fifteen,  the  others  being  sick  ;  after 
which  the  Memorial  itself  was  again  read  and  they  were 
severely  reprimanded  for  their  Audacity  in  Subscribing  and 
presenting  so  impertinent  a  Paper,  but  in  Compassion  to  their 
Weakness  and  Ignorance  of  the  Nature  of  our  Constitution, 
especially  in  Matters  of  Government,  and  as  the  Memorialists 
had  presented  a  subsequent  one,  and  had  shewn  an  Appear- 
ance of  Concern  for  their  past  behaviour  therein,  and  had 
then  presented  themselves  before  the  Council  with  great 
Submission  and  Repentance,  The  Council  informed  them 
they  were  still  ready  to  treat  them  with  Lenity,  and  in  order 
to  shew  them  the  falsity  as  well  as  Impudence  of  the  Con- 
tents of  their  Memorial,  it  was  ordered  to  be  read  Paragraph 
by  Paragraph,  and  the  Truth  of  the  several  Allegations 
minutely  discussed,  and  Remarks  made  by  the  Lieutenant 
Governor  on  each  Paragraph  to  the  following  Effect,  viz1 

It  was  observed  in  answer  to  this  Paragraph  of  their 
Memorial  of  the  10th  of  June, 

"That  they  were  affected  with  the  Proceedings  of  the 
"  Government  towards  them." 

That  they  had  been  always  treated  by  the  Government 
with  the  greatest  Lenity  and  Tenderness,  That  they  had 
enjoyed  more.  Privileges  than  English  Subjects,  and  had  been 


indulged  in  the  free  Exercise  of  their  Religion,  That  they 
had  at  all  Times  full  liberty  to  consult  their  Priests,  and 
had  been  protected  in  their  Trade  and  Fishery,  and  had  been 
for  many  Years  permitted  to  possess  their  Lands  ( part  of 
the  best  Soil  of  the  Province )  tho'  they  had  not  complied 
with  the  Terms,  on  which  the  Lands  were  granted,  by  Tak- 
ing the  Oath  of  Allegiance  to  the  Crown. 

They  were  then  asked  whether  they  could  produce  an 
Instance  that  any  Privilege  was  denied  to  them,  or  that  any 
hardships  were  ever  imposed  upon  them  by  the  Governmen.t 

They  acknowledged  the  Justice  and  Lenity  of  the  Gov- 

Upon  the  Paragraph  where 

"  They  desire  their  past  Conduct  might  be  considered." 

It  was  remarked  to  them  that  their  past  Conduct  was  con- 
sidered and  that  the  Government  were  sorry  to  have  occasion 
to  say  that  their  Conduct  had  been  undutiful  and  very 
ungrateful  for  the  Lenity  shewn  to  them.  That  they  had 
made  no  returns  of  Loyalty  to  the  Crown  or  Respect  to  His 
Majesty's  Government  in  the  Province.  That  they  had  dis- 
covered a  constant  disposition  to  assist  his  Majesty's  Ene- 
mies, and  to  distress  his  Subjects.  That  they  had  not  only 
furnished  the  Enemy  with  Provisions  and  Amunition,  but 
had  refused  to  supply  the  Inhabitants  or  Government  with 
Provisions,  and  when  they  did  Supply,  they  have  exacted 
three  times  the  Price  for  which  they  were  sold  at  other  Mar- 
kets. That  they  had  been  insolent  and  idle  on  their  Lands, 
had  neglected  Husbandry,  and  the  Cultivation  of  the  Soil, 
and  had  been  of  no  use  to  the  Province,  either  in  Husbandly, 
Trade  or  Fishery,  but  had  been  rather  an  obstruction  to  the 
Kings  Intentions  in  the  Settlement. 

They  were  then  asked  whether  they  could  mention  a  single 
Instance  of  Service  to  the  Government.  To  which  they  were 
incapable  of  making  any  Reply. 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  429 

Upon  reading  this  Paragraph, 

"  It  seems  that  Your  Excellency  is  doubtful  of  the  Sincer- 
"  ity  of  those  who  have  promised  Fidelity,  That  they  had 
"  been  so  far  from  breaking  their  Oath,  that  they  had  kept  it 
"  in  spight  of  terrifying  Menaces  from  another  Power." 

They  were  asked  what  gave  them  occasion  to  suppose  that 
the  Government  was  doubtful  of  their  Sincerity?  and  were 
told  that  it  argued  a  Consciousness  in  them  of  insincerity 
and  want  of  Attachment  to  the  Interests  of  His  Majesty  and 
his  Government.  That  as  to  taking  their  Arms,  they  had 
often  urged  that  the  Indians  would  annoy  them  if  they  did 
not  assist  them,  and  that  by  taking  their  Arms  by  Act  of 
Government,  it  was  put  out  of  the  Power  of  the  Indians  to 
threaten  or  force  them  to  their  Assistance.  That  they  had 
assisted  the  Kings  Enemies,  and  appeared  too  ready  to  join 
with  another  Power,  contrary  to  the  Allegiance  they  were 
bound  by  their  Oath  to  Yield  to  His  Majesty. 

In  answer  to  this  Paragraph, 

"We  are  now  in  the  same  disposition,  the  purest  and  sin 
u  cerest,  to  prove  in  every  Circumstance  Fidelity  to  His  Maj- 
"  esty,  in  the  same  manner  as  we  have  done,  Provided  that 
"  His  Majesty  will  leave  ns  the  same  Liberties  which  he  has 
"granted  us." 

They  were  told  that  it  was  hoped  they  would  hereafter 
give  Proofs  of  more  sincere  and  pure  dispositions  of  Mind, 
in  the  practice  of  Fidelity  to  His  Majesty,  and  that  they 
would  forbear  to  Act  in  the  manner  they  have  done,  in 
obstructing  the  Settlement  of  the  Province,  by  assisting  the 
Indians  and  French  to  the  distress  and  Annoyance  of  many 
of  His  Majesty's  Subjects,  and  to  the  Loss  of  the  Lives  of 
several  of  the  English  Inhabitants.  That  it  was  not  the 
Language  of  British  Subjects  to  Talk  of  Terms  with  the 
Crown,  to  Capitulate  about  their  Fidelity  and  Allegiance, 
and  that  it  was  insolent  to  insert  a  Proviso,  that  they  would 


prove  their  Fidelity  Provided  that  His  Majesty  would  give 
them  Liberties.  All  His  Majesty's  Subjects  are  protected  in 
the  Enjoyment  of  every  Liberty  while  they  continue  Loyal 
and  faithful  to  the  Crown,  and  when  they  become  false  and 
disloyal  they  forfeit  that  Protection. 

That  they  in  particular,  tho'  they  had  acted  so  insincerely 
on  every  Opportunity,  had  been  left  in  the  full  Enjoyment  of 
their  Religion,  Liberty  and  Properties,  with  an  Indulgence 
beyond  what  would  have  been  allowed  to  any  British  Sub- 
ject, who  could  presume  as  they  have  done,  to  join  in  the 
Measures  of  another  Power. 

They  were  told  in  answer  to  the  Paragraph  where, 

"They  desire  their  Canoes  for  carrying  their  Provisions 
"  from  one  River  to  another  and  for  their  Fishery." 

That  they  wanted  their  Canoes  for  carrying  Provisions  to 
the  Enemy,  and  not  for  their  own  use  or  the  Fishery,  That 
by  a  Law  of  this  Province,  All  Persons  are  restrained  from 
carrying  Provisions  from  one  Port  to  another,  and  every 
Vessel,  Canoe  or  Bark  found  with  Provisions  is  forfeited, 
and  a  Penalty  is  inflicted  on  the  Owners. 

They  were  also  told  in  AnsAver  to  the  following  Paragraph, 

"  They  Petition  for  their  Guns  as  part  of  their  Goods,  that 
"  they  may  be  restored  to  defend  their  Cattle  from  the  Wild 
"  Beasts,  and  to  preserve  themselves  and  their  Children, 
"  That  since  the  Indians  have  quitted  their  Quarters,  the 
"  Wild  Beasts  are  greatly  increased." 

That  Guns  are  no  part  of  their  Goods,  as  they  have  no 
Right  to  keep  Arms.  By  the  Laws  of  England,  all  Roman 
Catholicks  are  restrained  from  having  Arms,  and  they  are 
Subject  to  Penalties  if  Arms  are  found  in  their  Houses,  that 
upon  the  Order  from  Cap1  Murray  many  of  the  Inhabitants 
voluntarily  brought  in  their  Arms,  and  none  of  them  pre- 
tended that  they  wanted  them  for  defence  of  their  Cattle 
against  Wild  Beasts,  and  that  the    Wild    Beasts    had   not 

OF   THE   STATE    OF    MAINE  431 

encreased  since  their  Arms  were  surrendered.  That  they 
had  some  secret  Inducement  at  that  Time,  for  presuming  to 
demand  their  Arms  as  part  of  their  Goods  and  their  Right, 
and  that  they  had  flattered  themselves  of  being  supported  in 
their  Insolence  to  the  Government,  on  a  Report  that  some 
French  Ships  of  War  were  in  the  Bay  of  Fundy.  That  this 
daring  Attempt  plainly  discovered  the  falsehood  of  their 
Professions  of  Fidelity  to  the  King,  and  their  readiness  has 
been  visible  upon  every  Intimation  of  Force  or  Assistance 
from  France,  to  insult  His  Majesty's  Government,  and  to 
Join  with  his  Enemies,  contrary  to  their  Oath  of  Fidelity. 

Upon  reading  this  Paragraph 

"  Besides  the  Arms  we  carry  are  a  feeble  Surety  for  our 
"  Fidelity.  It  is  not  the  Gun  that  an  Inhabitant  possesses 
"which  will  lead  him  to  Revolt,  nor  the  depriving  him  of 
"  that  Gun  that  will  make  him  more  faithful,  but  his  Con- 
"  science  alone  ought  to  engage  him  to  maintain  his  Oath." 

They  were  asked  what  Excuse  they  could  make  for  their 
Presumption  in  this  Paragraph,  and  treating  the  Government 
with  such  Indignity  and  Contempt  as  to  expound  to  them 
the  Nature  of  Fidelity,  and  to  prescribe  what  would  be  the 
Security  proper  to  be  relied  on  by  the  Government  for  their 
Sincerity.  That  their  Consciences  ought  indeed  to  engage 
them  to  Fidelity  from  their  Oath  of  Allegiance  to  the  King, 
and  that  if  they  were  sincere  in  their  Duty  to  the  Crown, 
they  would  not  be  so  anxious  for  their  Arms,  when  it  was 
the  pleasure  of  the  Kings  Government  to  demand  them  for 
His  Majesty's  Service. 

They  were  then  informed  that  a  very  fair  Opportunity 
now  presented  itself  to  them  to  manifest  the  reality  of  their 
Obedience  to  the  Government  by  immediately  taking  the 
Oath  of  Allegiance  in  the  Common  Form  before  the  Council. 
Their  Reply  to  this  Proposal  was,  That  they  were  not  come 
prepared  to  resolve  the  Council  on  that  head.     They  were 


then  told  that  they  very  well  knew  for  these  Six  Years  past, 
the  same  thing  had  been  often  proposed  to  them  and  had 
been  as  often  evaded  under  various  frivolous  pretences,  that 
they  had  often  been  informed  that  sometime  or  other  it  would 
be  required  of  them  and  must  be  done,  and  that  the  Council 
did  not  doubt  but  they  knew  the  Sentiments  of  the  Inhabit- 
ants in  general,  and  had  fully  considered  and  determined 
this  point  with  regard  to  themselves  before  now,  as  they  had 
been  already  indulged  with  six  Years  to  form  a  Resolution 
thereon.  They  then  desired  they  might  return  home  and 
Consult  the  Body  of  the  People  upon  this  Subject,  as  they 
could  not  do  otherwise  than  the  generality  of  the  Inhabitants 
should  determine,  for  that  they  were  desirous  of  either  refus- 
ing or  accepting  the  Oath  in  a  Body,  and  could  not  possibly 
determine  till  they  knew  the  Sentiments  of  their  Constitu- 
ents. Upon  this  so  extraordinary  a  Reply  they  were 
informed  they  would  not  be  permitted  to  return  for  any  such 
purpose,  but  that  it  was  expected  from  them  to  declare  on 
the  Spot  for  their  own  particular,  as  they  might  very  well  be 
expected  to  do,  after  having  had  so  long  a  Time  to  consider 
upon  that  point.  They  then  desired  leave  to  retire  to  con- 
sult among  themselves,  which  they  were  permitted  to  do, 
when  after  near  an  hours  Recess,  they  returned  with  the 
same  Answer,  That  they  could  not  consent  to  take  the  Oath 
as  prescribed,  without  consulting  the  general  Body,  but  that 
they  were  ready  to  Take  it  as  they  had  done  before,  To 
which  they  were  answered,  That  His  Majesty  had  disap- 
proved of  the  manner  of  Taking  the  Oath  before,  That  it 
was  not  consistent  with  his  Honour  to  make  any  Conditions, 
nor  could  the  Council  accept  their  Taking  the  Oath  in  any 
other  way  than  as  all  other  His  Majesty's  Subjects  were 
obliged  by  Law  to  do  when  called  upon,  and  that  it  was 
now  expected  they  should  do  so,  which  they  still  declining, 
they  were  allowed  till  the  next  Morning  at  Ten  of  the  Clock 

OF    THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  433 

to  come  to  a  Resolution.     To  which  Time  the  Council  then 

At  a  Council  holden  at  the  Governors  House  in  Halifax 
on  Friday  the  4th  July  1755. 

The  Lieutenant  Governor 

Benj :  Green       ~] 
Jn°  Collier  I 

Will-  Cotterell   j*0011110" 
Jonn  Belcher 

The  Council  being  met  according  to  Adjournment,  the 
french  Deputies  who  were  Yesterday  ordered  to  Attend  the 
Council  were  brought  in.  and,  upon  being  asked  what  Reso- 
lution they  were  come  to  in  regard  to  the  Oath,  They 
declared  they  could  not  consent  to  Take  the  Oath  in  the 
Form  required  without  consulting  the  Body.  They  were 
then  informed  that  as  they  had  now  for  their  own  particulars, 
refused  to  Take  the  Oath  as  directed  by  Law,  and  thereby 
sufficiently  evinced  the  Sincerity  of  their  Inclination  towards 
the  Government,  The  Council  could  no  longer  look  on  them 
as  Subjects  to  His  Britanick  Majesty,  but  as  Subjects  to  the 
King  of  France,  and  as  such  they  must  hereafter  be  treated. 
And  they  were  ordered  to  withdraw. 

The  Council  after  Consideration  were  of  Opinion  That 
directions  should  be  given  to  Captain  Murray  to  order  the 
french  Inhabitants  forthwith  to  Choose  and  send  to  Halifax, 
new  Deputies  with  the  general  Resolution  of  the  said  Inhab- 
itants in  regard  to  Taking  the  Oath,  and  that  none  of  them 
should  for  the  future  be  admitted  to  Take  it  after  having 
once  refused  so  to  do,  but  that  effectual  Measures  ought  to 
be  Taken  to  remove  all  such  Recusants  out  of  the  Province. 

The  Deputies  were  then  called  in  again,  and  having  been 
informed  of  this  Resolution  and  finding  they  could  no  longer 



avail  themselves  of  the  Disposition  of  the  Government  to 
engage  them  to  a  dutiful  behaviour  by  Lenity  and  Perswa- 
sion,  Offered  to  Take  the  Oath,  but  were  informed  that  as 
there  was  no  reason  to  hope  their  proposed  Compliance  pro- 
ceeded from  an  honest  Mind,  and  could  be  esteemed  only  the 
Effect  of  Compulsion  and  Force,  and  is  contrary  to  a  Clause 
in  an  Act  of  Parliament,  S  Geo:  2.  C.  13,  whereby  Persons 
who  have  once  refused  to  Take  the  Oaths  cannot  be  after- 
wards permitted  to  Take  them,  but  are  considered  as  Popish 
Recusants;  Therefore  they  would  not  now  be  indulged  with 
such  Permission.  And  they  were  thereupon  Ordered  into 

At  a  Council  holden  at  the  Governor's  House  in  Halifax 
on  Monday  the  14th  July  1755. 

The  Lieutenant  Governor 

Benj:  Green 
Jn°  Collier 

Will- Cotterell    j-Councr" 
Jonn  Belcher 
The  Lieutenant  Governor  acquainted  the  Council  that  he 
was  instructed  by  His  Majesty  to  Consult  the  Commander  in 
Chief  of  the  Fleet  upon  any  Emergency,  that  might  concern 
the  Security  of  the  Province,  and  that  he  intended  to  send 
the  following  Letter  to  Vice  Admiral  Boscawen  and  Rear 
Admiral  Mostyn. 
"  His  Majesty's  Council  being   appointed  to  meet  at  my 
"  House  to  Morrow  at  Eleven  o'Clock  in  the    forenoon   to 
"  consider   what    Steps    it  may  be  proper  to  Take    for  the 
"  Security  of  the  Province  against  any  Attempt  that  may  be 
"  made  to  annoy  us  from  Canada  or  Louisbourg  in  case  of  a 
"  Rupture,  or  any  violent  Measures  the  French  may  Take  by 

OF    THE   STATE    OF    MAINE  435 

"  way  of  resenting  the  Check  that  has  lately  been  given  to 
'<  their  Encroachments." 

"  I  am  to  acquaint  You  that  it  is  both  agreable  to  the 
"  Instructions  I  have  received  from  His  Majesty,  and  at  the 
"  earnest  Request  of  His  Council  for  this  Province,  that  I 
"  beg  the  Honour  of  your  Company  and  Assistance  at  our 
"  Consultation. 

"  Signed     Chas  Lawrence." 

"Halifax  14th  July  1755." 

"Vice  Admiral  Boscawen.1' 

A  Letter  of  the  same  Tenor  and  Date  to  Rear  Admiral 

The  Council  returned  His  Excellency  Thanks,  and  were 
very  desirous  that  the  Admirals  might  be  Consulted. 

At  a  Council  holden  at  the  Governor's  House  in  Halifax 
on  Tuesday  the  15th  'July  1755. 

The  Lieutenant  Governor 

Benj:  Green 

Jn°  Collier 

Will"  Cotterell  \CimUr" 

Jon"   Belcher      J 

The  Honble  Vice  Admiral  Boscaweu  and  Rear  Admiral 
Mostyn  being  also  Present  in  consequence  of  the  Lieutenant 
Governor's  Letter. 

The  Lieutenant  Governor  laid  before  the  Admirals  the 
late  Proceedings  of  the  Council  in  regard  to  the  French 
Inhabitants,  and  desired  their  Opinion  and  Advice  thereon. 

Both  the  Admirals  approved  of  the  said  Proceedings,  and 
gave  it  as  their  Opinion,  That  it  was  now  the  properest  Time 
to  oblige  the  said  Inhabitants  to  take  the  Oath  of  Allegiance 
to  His  Majesty  or  to  quit  the  Country. 


The  Lieutenant  Governor  then  communicated  to  the 
Council,  a  Letter  by  him  received  from  Cap*  Rous,  informing 
him  that  the  French  at  the  River  Sl  Johns  had,  upon  his 
appearance  with  His  Majesty's  Ships  under  his  Command, 
before  the  Fort  there,  Retreated  therefrom,  after  having  first 
rendred  the  Cannon  useless,  and  destroyed  by  Fire,  all  the 
Wood  work  thereof  &c,  and  desired  the  Opinion  of  the 
Council  in  regard  to  the  most  proper  and  necessary  Measures 
to  be  immediately  taken,  in  order  to  prevent  the  French 
from  availing  themselves  any  further  of  their  late  Possession 
thereof,  and  of  Securing  the  said  Territory  and  the  Indian 
Inhabitants  thereof  to  His  Majesty's  Obedience.  Upon 
which  the  Council  were  of  Opinion  that  less  Inconvenience 
would  be  occasioned  by  suffering  the  said  Fort  to  remain  in 
its  present  Condition  during  the  present  Circumstances  of 
the  Colony,  than  by  undertaking  immediately  to  repair  and 
Garrison  the  same. 

The  Council  then  took  into  Consideration  the  Number  and 
State  of  the  Troops  in  this  Province,  the  Impossibility  of 
Compleating  the  intended  augmentation  at  present,  and  the 
Number  of  French  Troops  that  had  got  into  Louisbourg  and 
the  River  of  Canada,  in  the  Ships  that  had  escaped  Admiral 
Bosca wen's  Fleet. 

And  then  the  Question  was  proposed  whether  it  would 
not  be  absolutely  necessary  for  the  Good  of  His  Majesty's 
Service,  and  the  Security  of  this  His  Province,  to  retain  in 
pay  the  Two  Thousand  New  England  Troops  now  under 
the  Command  of  Lieutenant  Colonel  Monckton  on  the 
Isthmus  of  Chignecto. 

It  was  unanimously  the  Opinion  of  His  Majesty's  Council 
and  all  present  that  they  should  be  retained  at  least  untill 
the  Augmentation  was  compleated,  or  further  Orders  should 
be  received  from  England,  and  it  was  Resolved  that  the 
Transports  should  be  immediately  discharged  to  avoid  any 
unnecessary  Expence. 


At  a  Council  holden  at  the  Governor's  House  in  Halifax 
on  Friday  the  25th  July  1755. 

the  Lieutenant  Governor 

Benj:  Green 
Jn°  Collier 
Will"1  Cotterell 
Jn°  Rous 
Jon"  Belcher 

The  HonMe  Vice  Admiral  Boscawen  and  Rear  Admiral 
Mostyn  being  also  Present. 

The  Lieutenant  Governor  laid  before  the  Council  the  fol- 
lowing Memorial  which  he  had  received  from  the  french 
Inhabitants  of  Annapolis  River. 

"A  Son  Excellence  l'honorble  Charles  Lawrence  Ecuyer 
"  Lieutenant  Governeur  et  Commandant  en  Chef  de  la  Prov- 
"  ince  de  la  Nouvelle  Ecosse  pour  la  Majeste  Britanique  et 
"  Colonel  d'un  de  ses  Regiments  d'lnfanterie  &c  &c  &c  " 

"  Monseigneur  " 
"  Aussitot  que  nous  avons  recus  les  Ordres  de  Votre 
"Excellence  dattez  du  12me  Jour  de  Juillet  1755,  nous  nous 
"  sommes  assemble  le  Dimanche  13.  Jour  du  present  Mois 
"  pour  faire  la  Lecture  a  tous  les  Habitans  de  vos  Ordres, 
"  Voulant  toujours  nous  tenir  sous  une  fidelle  Obeissance ; 
"  nous  avons  deliberez  tous  en  Generale  d'un  Consentement 
"  unanime  de  porter  tous  nos  Armes  a  feux  a  Monsieur 
"Handfield  notre  tres  digne  Cammandant  quoique  nous 
"  n'ayons  jamais  en  la  Volontez  de  nous  en  servir  contre  le 
"  Gouvernement  de  Sa  Majeste,  Ce  qui  fait  que  nous  n'avons 
"  aucuns  Reproche  a  nous  faire  a  ce  Sujet  ny  dans  toute  la 
"  Fidelite  que  nous  devons  au  Gouvernement  de  Sa  Majeste, 
"  Car  Monseigneur  nous  pouvons  bien  assurer  Votre  Excel- 
"  lence  que  plusieurs  d'entre  nous  ce  sont  risque  la  Vie  pour 


"  donner  Connoissance  au  Gouvernment  de  l'ennenris,  et 
"aussi  lors  qu'il  a  etez  necessaire  de  Travailler  pour  1'  entre- 
"  tien  du  Fort  d' Annapolis  et  autre  Travaille  necessaire  au 
"  Gouvernement,  nous  nous  y  avons  porter  de  tout  notre 
"  Coeur,  et  nous  somnies  pret  a  continuer  avec  la  meme 
"  Fidelity ;  et  aussi  nous  avons  fait  l'election  des  Trentes 
"  homines  pour  aller  a  Halifax  auxquels  nous  recommandons 
"  bien  de  ne  rieu  dire  on  faire  qui  soit  contraire  au  Conseille 
"  de  Sa  Majesty,  mais  nous  leurs  enjoignons  de  ne  contracter 
"  aucuns  nouveaux  Serment,  nous  sonnnes  Resous  et  en 
"  volentez  de  nous  entenir  a  celuy  que  nous  avons  donnez 
"  et  auxquels  nous  avons  etes  fidelles  autant  que  les  Circom- 
"  stances  1'ont  demander,  Car  les  Ennemis  de  Sa  Majeste 
"  nous  ont  solicite  a  prendre  les  Armes  contre  le  Gouverne- 
"  ment,  mais  nous  n'avons  en  garde  de  la  faire." 

Signed  by  Two  hundred  and  Seven  of  the  said  Inhabitants. 

The  Lieutenant  Governor  also  acquainted  the  Council 
that,  in  Consequence  of  the  Order  of  Council  of  the  4th  Inst, 
the  said  Inhabitants  had  sent  down  Deputies  with  their 
Answer  in  regard  to  their  Taking  the  Oath  of  Allegiance  to 
His  Majesty,  and  that  they  were  now  waiting  without. 

The  said  Deputies  were  then  ordered  to  be  called  in,  and 
being  asked  what  they  had  to  say,  They  declared  that  they 
appeared  in  behalf  of  themselves  and  all  the  other  Inhabitants 
of  Annapolis  River,  That  they  could  not  take  any  other  Oath 
than  what  they  had  formerly  taken  which  was  with  a  Reserve 
that  they  should  not  be  obliged  to  take  up  Arms,  and  that  if 
it  was  the  Kings  Intentions  to  force  them  to  quit  their  Lands, 
they  hoped  that  they  should  be  allowed  a  convenient  Time 
for  their  Departure. 

The  Council  then  asked  them  several  Questions  concerning 
the  Allegiance  they  so  much  boasted  of  in  their  Memorial, 
;tnd  the  Intelligence  which  they  say  they  have  given  the 
Government,  of  which  they  were  desired  to  mention  a  single 


Instance  whereby  any  Advantage  had  accrued  to  the  Gov- 
ernment, but  this  they  were  unable  to  do ;  on  the  contrary  it 
was  made  very  evident  to  them  that  they  have  always 
omitted  to  give  timely  Intelligence  when  they  had  it  in  their 
Power,  and  might  have  saved  the  Lives  of  many  of  His  Maj- 
esty's Subjects,  but  that  they  had  always  secretly  aided  the 
Indians,  and  many  of  them  had  even  appeared  openly  in 
Arms  against  His  Majesty.  They  were  then  told  that  they 
must  now  resolve  either  to  take  The  Oath  without  any 
Reserve  or  else  to  quit  their  Lands,  for  that  Affairs  were 
now  at  such  a  Crisis  in  America  that  no  delay  could  be 
admitted,  That  the  French  had  obliged  us  to  Take  up  Arms 
in  our  Defence  against  their  Encroachments,  and  it  was 
unknown  what  Steps  they  might  Take  further,  for  which 
reason,  if  they  (the  Inhabitants)  would  not  become  Subjects 
to  all  Intents  and  Purposes,  they  could  not  be  suffered  to 
remain  in  the  Country.  Upon  which  they  said  they  were 
determined,  One  and  All,  rather  to  quit  their  Lands  than  to 
Take  any  other  Oath  than  what  they  had  done  before.  The 
Council  then  told  them  that  they  ought  very  seriously  to 
Consider  the  Consequences  of  their  Refusal.  That  if  they 
once  refused  the  Oath  they  would  never  after  be  permitted 
to  Take  it,  but  would  infallibly  loose  their  Possessions  ;  That 
the  Council  were  unwilling  to  hurry  them  into  a  Determina- 
tion upon  an  Affair  of  so  much  Consequence  to  them,  and 
therefore  they  should  be  allowed  till  next  Monday  at  Ten  of 
the  Clock  in  the  forenoon  to  reconsider  the  Matter  and  form 
their  Resolution  ;  when  their  final  Answer  would  be  expected. 
And  the  Council  then  adjourned  to  that  Time. 

At  a  Council  holden  at  the  Governor's  House  in   Halifax 
on  Monday  the  28th  July  1755. 

The  Lieutenant  Governor 


Benj:  Green        ~] 

Jn°  Collier 

Willm  Cotterell   ^Councr' 

Jn°  Rous 

Jonn  Belcher      J 

The  Honble  Vice  Admiral  Boscawen  and  Rear  Admiral 
Mostyn  being  also  Present. 

The  Lieutenant  Governor  acquainted  the  Council  that  the 
Deputies  from  Pisiquid,  Menis  and  the  River  aux  Canards, 
were  arrived  and  had  delivered  the  following  Memorials. 

"  A  l'honorable  Charles  Lawrence  President  du  Conseil  du 
"  Roy,  Commandant  en  Chef  de  la  Nouvelle  Ecosse,  Lieuten- 
"  ant  Gouverneur  d'Annaplis  Royal,  Lieutenant  Colonel  d'un 
"  Regiment  d'lnfanterie." 
"  Monsieur  " 

"  Les  Habitans  de  nos  Departements  ayant  et6  informe  par 
"  Monsieur  Murray  Commandant  le  Fort  Edward  a  Pisiquit, 
"que  nous  les  Habitans  de  nos  Departements  ayant  aparoitre 
"  quelque  hommes  devant  Monsieur  le  Gouverneur  a  Halifax 
44  pour  repondre  a  la  demande  a  nousfaite  en  vertus  d'un 
"  Serment  que  Ton  nous  assure  que  Son  Honneur  Exige  de 
"  nous,  les  Habitans  de  nos  Departements  en  general  prenne 
"  la  liberte  de  represents  qu'apres  avoir  pretty  Serment  de 
"fidelity  a  Sa  Majeste  Britanique  avec  toutes  les  Circon- 
"  stances  et  les  Reserve  sur  vente  a  nous  accorded  au  Nom 
"  du  Roy  par  Monsieur  Richard  Phillips  Commandant  en 
"  Chef  dans  la  ditte  Province  laquelle  nous  avons  observe 
"  notre  fidelite  d'autant  plus  qu'ils  nous  a  etc"  possible  depuis 
"  un  nombre  d'annees  en  Jouissant  paisiblement  de  nos  droits 
14  Suivant  la  Teneur  de  notre  Serment  en  toute  sa  Teneur  et 
44  reserve,  et  nous  ayant  toujours  appuie  sur  notre  Serment 
44  de  fidelite  tant  pour  sa  Teneur  que  pour  l'observation,  et 
"  nous  sommes  resons  tous  de  bon  Consentement  at  de  voy 

OF   THE   STATE   OF   MAINE  441 

"  de  ne  prendre  aucun  autre  Serment,  nous  avons  pretes  le 
"  Serment  de  fklelite  de  bon  foy,  nous  somines  tres  Contemps 
"  et  satisfaire,  Nous  esperons  Monsieur  que  vous  aure  la 
"  bonte  d'ecoute"  nos  Justes  raisons  et  en  Consequence  Sup- 
"  plie  tous  d'une  Voy  unamine  son  honneur  d'avoir  la  bonte" 
"  de  delivre"  nos  Gens  qui  sont  tenu  a  Halifax  depuis  quelque 
"  Temps  en  ne  pouvant  meme  scavoir  leur  Situation  qui  nous 
"paroit  deplorable,  Nous  avous  toute  Confiance  Monsieur 
"  que  Son  honneur  aura  bont^s  pour  nous  de  nous  accorde 
"  les  graces  que  nous  avous  1'honneur  de  vous  demands  tres 
"  humblement,  et  nous  prieront  pour  la  Conservation  de  Son 
"  honneur." 

"Pisiquit  22.  Juillet  1755/' 

Signed  by  One  hundred  and  Three  of  the  said  Inhabitants 
of  Pisiquid. 

"A  Son  Excellence  Charles  Lawrence  Ecuyer  Gouverneur 
"  Generale  et  Commandant  en  Chef  la  Province  de  la  Nou- 
"  velle  Ecosse  en  l'Accadie  et  Colonel  d'un  Regiment  au 
"  Service  de  La  Majesty  dans  la  ditte  Province."' 

"D'autant  quil  s'est  repandue  un  Bruit  parmis  nous  les 
"  Habitans  francois  de  cette  Province,  que  Son  Excellence 
"le  Gouverneur  exige  de  nous  un  Serment  'd  Obeissance 
"  conform e  en  quelque  facon  a  celuy  des  Sujets  Naturels  de 
"Sa  Majesty  le  Roy  George  Second,  et  qu'en  consequence 
"nous  avons  une  Certitude  Moralle  que  plusieurs  de  nos 
"  Habitans  sont  retenue  et  gen^e  a  Halifax  pour  ce  Sujet." 

"  Si  les  Intentions  de  Son  Excellence  sont  cette  qu'icy 
"  dessus  envers  nous,  Nous  prenons  la  liberty  de  represents 
"  a  Son  Excellence  tous  en  generalle,  et  au  Nom  de  tous  les 
"  Habitans,  que  nous  et  nos  Peres  ayant  pris  pour  eux  et 
"  pour  nous  un  Serment  de  fidelity  qui  nous  a  et6  approuve* 
u  plusieurs  fois  au  Nom  du  Roi,  et  sous  les  Privileges  duquel 
"  nous  avons  demeure  fidelle  et  Soumis,  et  protege*  par  Sa 


"  Majesty  le  Roy  Britanique,  Suivant  Es  Lettres  et  Proclani- 
"  ation  de  Son  Excellence  Monseigneur  le  Gouverneur  Shir- 
"ley,  En  datte  du  16  Septembre  1740,  et  du  21  Octobre 
"  1747,  Nous  ne  commetrons  jamais  l'inconstance  de  prendre 
"  un  Serraent  qui  change  tant  soit  peut  les  Conditions  et  les 
"  privileges  dans  lesquels  nos  Souvereins  et  nos  Peres  nous 
"  ont  place"  pas  le  passe." 

"  Et  comme  nous  pencons  ben  que  le  Roi  notre  Maitre 
"n' amies  et  ne  protege  que  des  Sujets  constents  fidelle  et 
"  franc,  et  que  ce  n'est  qu'en  vertu  de  sa  bonte  et  de  la 
"  fidelite  que  nous  avons  gardds  envers  Sa  Majeste  qu'elle 
"  nous  a  accorde  et  continue  l'entire  possession  de  nos  bien 
"et  l'exercice  libre  et  publique  de  la  Religion  Romaine." 

"  Ainsi  nous  voulons  continue  dans  tous  ce  qui  sera  dans 
"  notre  pouvoir  a  etre  fidelle  et  soumis  ainsi  qu'il  nous  a  ete" 
"  accorde"  par  Son  Excellence  Monseigneur  Richard  Phillips." 

"  La  Charite  pour  nos  Habitans  detenue  et  l'innocence  que 
"  nous  croyons  en  eux,  nous  oblige  a  supplier  tres  humble- 
"ment  Son  Excellence  a  se  laisser  touchy  de  leurs  Miserres 
"  et  leur  donner  la  liberte"  que  nous  demandons  pour  eux 
"avec  toute  la  Sonmission  possible  et  le  Respect  le  plus 
"  profond." 

Signed  by  Two  hundred  and  Three  of  the  said  Inhabitants 
of  Menis  and  the  River  aux  Canards. 

The  said  Deputies  were  then  called  in,  and  peremptorily 
refused  to  Take  the  Oath  of  Allegiance  to  His  Majesty. 

The  Deputies  of  Annapolis  also  appeared  and  refused  the 
Oath.     Whereupon  they  were  all  ordered  into  confinement. 

As  it  had  been  before  determined  to  send  all  the  french 
Inhabitants  out  of  the  Province  if  they  refused  to  Take  the 
Oaths,  nothing  now  remained  to  be  considered  but  what 
Measures  should  be  taken  to  send  them  away  and  where  they 
should  be  sent  to. 


After  mature  Consideration  it  was  unanimously  agreed 
That,  to  prevent  as  much  as  possible  their  Attempting  to 
return  and  molest  the  Setlers  that  may  be  set  down  on  their 
Lands,  it  would  be  most  proper  to  send  them  to  be  distrib- 
uted amongst  the  several  Colonies  on  the  Continent,  and 
that  a  sufficient  number  of  Vessels  should  be  hired  with  all 
possible  Expedition  for  that  purpose. 

Letter  Rob*   Monckton  to  Grovr  Shirley. 

Fort  Cumberland  Camp  July  3d.  1755. 

I  had  the  Pleasure  Yesterday  of  hearing  of  Majr 
Bourn's  safe  Arrival  at  Boston  with  dispatches  for  your 

And  have  now  to  inform  your  Excy  that  upon  Cpt" 
Rouse's  appearing  before  Sl  Johns  with  the  Ships  under  his 
Command;  and  sending  his  Boats  to  reconnoitre  (from 
whence  he  was  to  send  me  word,  Whether  or  no  the  French 
had  any  Ships  of  War  there  )  that  the  Officer  commanding 
in  the  Fort  immediately  set  fire  to  all  the  Magazines  & 
Houses  in  the  Fort;  Burst  all  their  Cannon  &  destroyed 
every  thing  in  &  round  it  —  So  that  I  shall  now  wait  here 
for  Col°  Lawrences  farther  Orders. 

Capt"  Rouse  likewise  writes  me  that  there  were  about  a 
hundred  Indians  who  seem'd  inclined  to  Peace,  &  offered  to 
send  four  of  their  Chiefs  for  that  Purpose. 

The  French  retir'd  up  the  Rivers,  &  by  what  I  can  learn 
are  gone  to  Canada. 

I  have  now,  Sir,  in  my  Possession  one  Chief  and  another 
of  their  Chiefs  Sons,  whom  they  had  sent  me  before  this 
happened  as  Hostages  for  their  good  Behaviour  Having  sent 


a  Person  to  them  to  know  whether  they  were  for  Peace  or 
War  —  the  first  of  which  they  very  wisely  prefer'd. 

I  must  beg  of  your  Excellency  to  let  the  inclosed  be 
forwarded,  and  as  I  suppose  your  Excy  will  be  informed  by 
Col°  Lawrence  of  what  he  intends  further,  must  beg  leave  to 
wish  your  Excy  all  Success,  &  Subscribe  my  self  Your 
Excy's  much  obliged  &  Obedient  humble  Servant 

Rob1  Monckton 
His  Excellency  Governour  Shirley 


To  the  Honble  Spencer  Phips  Esqr  Lieu1  Gov1  &  Com- 
mander in  Chief  in  &  over  His  Majestys  Province  of  the 
Massachusetts  Bay,  &  to  the  Honble  His  Maj8  Council 

The  Petition  of  Cap1  John  Blake  of  Boston 
Humbly  Shews, 

That  the  Inhabitants  at  Halifax  are  in  all  probability  in 
Want  of  Fresh  Provisions,  but  more  particularly  his  Majestys 
Fleet  now  there,  and  Other  Shipping  Expected  there- 

Wherefore  Your  Petitioner  humbly  Begs  your  honours 
will  be  Pleased  to  Permit  your  Petr  to  Carry  or  Send  down 
Provisions  to  Halifax,  first  giving  Bond  for  that  Purpose  — 
and  Your  Petitioner  as  in  Duty  bound  shall  ever  Pray  &c  — 

John  Blake 

Boston  July  11,  1755 

Letter  to  Capt.  Wm  Liihgow. 

Boston,  July  15.  1755 

As  the  General  Court  of  this  Province  in  their  late 
Session  have  made  the  Establishment  of  Wages  &  Subsistence 

OF   THE    STATE   OF   MAINE  445 

of  the  Garrisons  at  Fort  Hallifax  &  Fort  Western  for  Eighty 
Men  &  no  more  in  both  the  said  Forts ; 

You  are  hereby  directed  forthwith  to  reduce  the  said 
Garrisons  to  the  said  Number  of  Eighty  Men  accordingly  to 
each  Fort  its  proper  Proportion,  &  retaining  such  Men  as 
are  most  fit  for  Service 

Your  Friend  &  Serv1 
To  Cpt.  Wm  Lithgow 

L*   Govr  Lawrence  to  Sir  Thomas  Robinson 

Halifax  18th  July  1755. 

Since  my  last  of  18th  June  1755,  sent  express  by  Lieuten- 
ant Cunningham,  the  French  have  abandoned  their  Fort  at 
S*  John's  River  and  as  far  as  it  was  in  their  power  demol- 
ished it :  As  soon  as  the  Forts  upon  the  Isthmus  were  taken, 
Captain  Rous  Sailed  from  thence  with  three  Twenty  Gun 
Ships  and  a  Sloop  to  look  into  S*  John's  River,  where  it  was 
reported  there  were  two  French  Ships  of  thirty  Six  Guns 
each :  He  anchored  off  the  Mouth  of  the  River  and  sent  his 
Boats  to  reconnoitre,  they  found  no  Ships  there,  but  on  their 
appearance  the  French  burst  their  Cannon,  blew  up  their 
Magazine,  burned  every  thing  they  could  belonging  to  the 
Fort  and  Marched  off :  the  next  Morning  the  Indians  invited 
Captain  Rous  on  Shore,  gave  him  the  strongest  assurances  of 
their  desire  to  make  Peace  with  us ;  and  pleaded  in  their 
behalf  that  they  had  refused  to  assist  the  French  upon  this 
occasion,  tho'  earnestly  pressed  by  them :  I  expect  some  of 
their  Chiefs  here  in  a  very  few  days. 

As  the  French  Inhabitants  of  this  Province   have  never 


yet  taken  the  Oatb  of  Allegiance  to  bis  Majesty,  unqualified, 
I  thought  it  my  Duty  upon  this  occasion  to  propose  it  to 
them,  and  as  the  Deputies  of  the  different  Districts  in  Mines 
Bason  were  attending  in  Town  upon  a  very  insolent  Memo- 
rial they  had  delivered  to  the  Council,  I  was  determined  to 
begin  with  them  ;  they  were  accordingly  summoned  to  appear 
before  the  Council,  and  after  discussing  the  Affair  of  the 
Memorial  Article  by  Article,  the  Oath  was  proposed  to  them  ; 
they  endeavoured  as  much  as  possible  to  evade  it  and  at  last 
desired  to  return  home  and  consult  the  rest  of  the  Inhabit- 
ants that  they  might  either  accept  or  refuse  the  Oath  in  a 
Body ;  but  they  were  informed  that  we  expected  every  Man 
upon  this  occasion  to  answer  for  himself,  and  as  we  wou'd 
not  use  any  Compulsion  or  surprise,  we  gave  them  twenty 
four  hours  time  to  deliver  in  their  answer,  and  if  they  should 
then  refuse,  they  must  expect  to  be  driven  out  of  the  Coun- 
try, and  tho'  they  should  afterwards  repent  of  their  refusal, 
they  would  not  be  permitted  to  take  the  Oath.  The  next 
Morning  they  appeared  and  refused  to  take  the  Oath  without 
the  old  reserve  of  not  being  obliged  to  bear  Arms,  upon 
which  they  were  acquainted  that  as  they  refused  to  become 
English  Subjects  we  could  no  longer  look  upon  them  in  that 
light,  that  we  should  send  them  to  France  by  the  first  oppor- 
tunity, and  till  then  they  were  ordered  to  be  kept  Prisoners 
at  Georges  Island,  where  they  were  immediately  Conducted, 
they  have  since  desired  to  be  admitted  to  take  the  oath,  but 
have  not  been  admitted,  nor  will  any  answer  be  given  them 
untill  we  see  how  the  rest  of  the  Inhabitants  are  disposed ;  I 
have  ordered  New  Deputies  to  be  elected  and  sent  hither 
immediately,  and  am  determined  to  bring  the  Inhabitants  to 
a  Compliance  or  rid  the  Province  of  such  perfidious  Subjects. 
I  will  do  Myself  the  honour  Sir,  to  transmit  you  a  Copy 
of  the  proceedings  of  Council  upon  this  affair,  by  the  first 
Opportunity,  as  also  Duplicates  of  my  last  Letters,  which  at 

OF   THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  447 

present  we  have  not  had  time  to  prepare,  and  we    cannot 
delay  the  Vessel  which  sails  suddenly  and  unexpectedly. 
I  am  with  all  possible  respect  Sir 

Your  most  obedient  and  most  humble  Servant 

Cha8  Lawrence 

Letter  Oapt  Wm  Lithgow  to  J  Wheelwright . 

Richmond  July  18Ul  1755 
HonWe  Sr 

In  my  Letter  of  June  27th  which  you  Communicated 
to  His  Honr  &  Council,  they  answered  me  Respecting 
Reliveing  the  Soldiers  nex_  august,  but  did  not  Say  wheither 
I  Did  Right  or  wrong  In  my  Detaining  the  whole  of  the 
men,  as  we  could  not  go  on  with  the  Work  without  them,  so 
then  I  prayed  ye  Honble  Courtes  approbation  upon  what  I 
had  Dun  In  that  matter,  but  have  had  no  answer  thereto,  so 
that  I  have  ben  at  a  Loss  to  know  what  to  Do,  howesever  I 
have  since  Reduce_  the  garrison  to  90  men,  lest  I  might 
give  offence,  ye  building  Fort  Hallifax  by  this  will  be 
Retarded  unless  I  have  assistence  of  some  of  the  marching 
Companyes,  which  your  Hon1"  Signified  I  was  to  be  assisted 
by  Cap*  John  Smith  &  Cap1  Goodwin,  Smith  I  have  seen 
( but  not  goodwill )  to  whom  I  Communicated  3rour  Letter, 
He  Sayes  His  Instructions  Is  to  go  no  farther  then  Frank- 
ford  unless  it's  His  own  Pleasure  howesever  I  prevailed  on 
Him  to  help  to  Drive  up  Som  oxen  to  Hallifax,  and  Sayes 
He  shall  be  willing  to  assist  In  this  manner  If  He  has  orders 
for  it,  which  I  pray  your  Honr  mention  that  Such  orders  be 
given  to  any  of  those  Companyes  that  Comes  to  Frankford, 
to  assist  by  turnes  or  that  thare  be  a  Detachment  Sent  out  of 
Each  of  those  Companyes  as  His  Hon1  may  Judge  most 
proper,  when  Ever  I  may  have  occasion  To  hall  Timber  Dig 


stones  Burn  Brick  Cary  up  workmen  &c~  all  which  will 
Requier  a  Strong  guard,  as  this  Work  is  not  under  ye  Com- 
mand of  ye  Fort,  other  wise  it  will  be  Impossible  to  Carry 
on  this  buisness,  the  Soldiery  is  very  uneasy  on  account 
thay  Cant  be  Relived,  two  of  them  has  Diserted  notwith- 
standing I  Communicated  to  them  what  His  Honr  directed 
you  to  Right  Conserning  thair  being  Relived  after  ye  Courtes 
setting  6th  of  next  aug*  my  Dismissing  those  34  men  has 
mad  ye  others  ten  times  more  uneasy  then  thay  ware  before, 
In  Dismissing  them,  that  is  by  small  parties  by  7  or  8  at  a 
Time,  and  som  Space  betwen  Each  of  their  Dismissions, 
and  all  by  their  owen  Request,  as  that  their  affairs  Suffered 
at  ye  westward  or  that  their  Wives  being  sick,  fathers, 
Brothers  being  Dead  or  Dying  and  ye  lick  excuses,  for  if  I 
had  Dismissed  them  all  at  once  I  belive  ye  garrison  would 
have  generly  Raised  in  mutiney,  and  all  gon  off,  &  Dont  no 
but  this  may  yet  be  the  Case,  if  Somthing  be  not  Speedily 
Dun,  all  which  I  think  Deserves  a  Due  Consideration  for  if 
such  things  are  Delayed  too  long  the  Consiquences  are  very 

Doo  let  me  Intreet  your  Honr  to  set  forth  all  those  per- 
ticulars  to  ye  Court,  or  to  His  Honr  that  thay  may  be 
accommodated,  Inclosed  you  have  an  Invoice  of  Sundry 
Provienc  good  &  ye  2  Canon,  here  will  want  a  Barn  Built  at 
Cusnock,  to  Put  ye  Province  Hay  In  other  wise  thay  will 
loose  Soon  more  then  such  a  Building  is  worth,  all  these 
things  I  have  Constenlity  &  truely  Set  forth  to  ye  Honble 
Court,  Som  perticulars  thay  are  pleased  to  answar,  &  others 
neglect,  or  Disregard,  but  let  me  beg  for  gods  Sacke,  that  I 
may  have  assistence  that  so  ye  Fort  may  be  Complected  for 
till  that  Time  I  shall  have  no  Peace  night  or  Day,  your  Hon 
may  Remember  my  Instructions  Came  but  ye  other  Day,  and 
with  them  orders  to  Reduc_  ye  garrison  to  80  men,  and  with 
them  four  Distinct  Postes  to  be  Defended,  viz1  at  Teconet  3 

OF    THE    STATE    OF    MAINE  449 

Cusnock  one,  So  that  thare  will  be  but  20  men  I_  a  Fort, 
for  I  supose  its  well  known  that  Fort  Hallifax  Is  not  Com- 
pact but  built  In  3  Distinct  Parts,  and  would  beg  to  know 
if  it  may  be  Reasonibley  thought,  that  men  Can  be  Spared 
Suficentily  Out  of  those  four  Distinct  postes,  to  guard  ye 
hailing  Timber  &  Digging  Stone  at  a  Distence  from  ye  »fort 
and  go  up  &  Down  ye  River  ocasionely  which  must  be  ye 
Case  till  ye  thing  be  Compleet.  worthey  Sr  Excuse  my  lenth 
of  Letter,  but  I  Cant  help  it,  having  so  much  to  Say, 

Sr  with  all  Due  Regardes  I  beg  leav  to  Subscribe  my  Selfe 
yours  &c 

Will"1  Lithgow 

P.  S.  thare  Is  yet  10  men  as  I  supose  to  be  Dismissed 
pray  I  may  have  Direct  orders  if  I  must  Dismiss  then,  Should 
have  Dun  it  ar  now,  had  it  not  ben  for  the  maney  obsticles  I 
have  alredy  mentioned  W  —  L  — 

I  have  Dun  Every  thing  for  ye  province  to  ye  Best  of  my 


Letter  W'n  Lithgow  to  U  Gov.  Pkips.     July  18,  1755. 

May  it  Please  your  Honour 

In  my  Letter  of  June  27u'  1755  I  informed  the  Honbl6 
Council  of  the  Needsisety  I  was  under  of  Retaining  Som  of 
the  Soldiers  which  ware  to  be  Dismissed  according  to  the 
Late  astablishment  of  the  Court  which  was  80  men  for  Fort 
Hallifax  &  Fort  Western,  I  also  acquainted  ye  Court  In  sd 
Letter  of  the  various  Sortes  of  Work  that  was  to  be  Carried 
on,  viz1  as  fetching  &  Diging  Stone  a  Cross  ye  River,  and 
hailing  Timber  out  of  the  Woods,  all  which  Is  very 
Hazadous  being  not  under  the  Command  of  the  Fort, 
and  will  Requier  a  guard  of  no  less  then  30  men  ( as  I 
supose )  to  Cover  those  that  Digs  ye  Stones  &  halls  the 
Timber  to  Render  Work  Tollerable  Safe,  these  ware  Som  of 



the  Reasons  I  gave  In  sd  Letter  why  I  was  for  Retaining  the 
men,  and  then  prayed  the  Honble  Courts  approbation  on  my 
proposal  whether  I  should  Retain  or  Dismiss  the  above  men, 
but  as  yet  have  had  no  answar  wheither  I  Did  Right  or 
wrong,  but  Since  Feering  I  might  give  your  Honr  offence, 
or  ye  HonWe  Court,  I  then  Dismissed  16  men,  &  as  I  have 
had  no  answar  as  above,  have  given  orders  that  thare  be  18 
more  Dismissed  from  Fort  Hallifax  &  Western,  so  thare  will 
now  Remain  but  90  men  Including  officers,  so  that  thare  is 
now  but  10  men  to  be  Dismissed  to  Reduce  the  Number  to 
ye  astablishment,  if  ye  Honourable  Court  Included  the  officers 
In  ye  80  men,  which  I  am  not  Certin  of,  as  it  has  ben  usiual 
hitherto  In  all  my  Directions  for  to  Reduce  the  garrison 
under  my  Commtl  to  Such  a  Number  Including  officers, — 
now  as  the  Number  Is  Small  at  Fort  Hallifax  being  but 
Sixty  men,  20  being  posted  at  Western  &  10  men  at  Rich- 
mond to  guard  the  publick  Stores  thare  which  Cant  be 
moved  to  Fort  Hallifax  till  it  Be  In  a  Capassiety  to  Recive 
them  &  the  River  admitt  of  Carrying  them  up,  which  would 
have  ben  Dun  In  ye  Spring  had  not  all  ye  Spare  Rooms  ben 
filled  with  provisions,  as  I  have  alredy  Signified  To  His 
Excellency  and  He  approved  thereof,  and  had  I  Dismantled 
Richmond  Fort  In  ye  Spring  as  my  Inclination  was  &  Is  for 
so  doing  Could  it  have  ben  Dun  with  ye  least  Conveniency  I 
am  sure  long  are  this  Time,  the  proprieators  Buildings 
Called  Frankfort  would  have  ben  by  ye  Indians  Burnt,  as 
thay  have  once  attempted  it  soon  after  thay  took  9  men  from 
thence,  had  I  not  after  ye  Inhabitance  Disarted  posted  a 
Serjent  &  5  men  In  sfl  Fort,  which  has  Continued  ther  ever 
since,  which  has  hitherto  encouraged  ye  Inhabitence  Tarry- 
ing otherwise  thay  would  have  Removed  to  Boston  &  it  was 
with  much  adoo  I  could  perswaide  them  to  Tarry,  at  all,  I 
thought  it  Best  to  protect  this  Place  (  although  )  I  had  no 
Directions  therefor,  then  let  ye  Indians  Burn  it  and  Drive 


of  the  Poor  people,  which  I  amagin  would  have  been  matter 
of  a  Brag  In  Canada,  upon  the  whole,  I  have  acted  with  all 
the  prudence  &  Caution  I  was  master  of  Respecting'  all 
those  affairs  ye  government  has  Intrusted  me  with,  and  hope 
shall  be  able  to  give  them  a  Satisfactory  account  of  all  my 
proceedings,  which  has  given  me  the  gratest  fitegue  & 
Consern  of  any  thing  I  yet  have  ben  Conserned  with  -  thus 
I  have  ben  as  perticular  as  I  Could  Judging  it  my  Duty  so 
to  be,  as  your  Honr  now  a  gain  has  the  Charge  of  ye  govern- 
ment, &  as  ye  Number  of  men  at  Fort  Hallifax  is  Small 
being  but  60  men  &  ye  Duty  hard  haveing  3  postes  to 
Defend  viz1  two  Redoubtes  on  ye  Eminency,  &  ye  main  Fort 
Below,  and  So  much  Work  abroad  that  it  Can  not  be  Dun 
without  grate  hazad  of  mens  Lives,  as  I  humbely  Conseave, 
and  if  it8  ye  Courtes  Determination  to  have  ye  other  10  men 
Dismissed  I  would  pray  it  may  be  Signified  and  I  would 
make  this  proposal  with  Submission  to  your  IIonr  that  orders 
be  given  to  all  ye  marching  Companys  that  Comes  to  Frank- 
ford  that  whenever  I  have  occasion  for  their  assistince 
Either  of  one  Company,  or  a  Datchment  out  of  the  saveral 
Compunys  to  guard  by  turnes  as  ocasion  may  Require,  till - 
Timber  be  hailed,'  Stones  fetched  &  Brick  Burnt  for  ye 
foundation  &  Chimneys  of  ye  Sevarel  Building  of  s'1  F  ,  or 
any  other  waves  as  your  Honr  In  your  grate  Wisdom  may 
think  most  proper  till  Such  Time  ye  Fort  be  Compleet, 
which  I  hope  will  be  this  Fall,  If  I  can  have  proper 
assistence,  I  have  ben  obliged  to  go  up  &  Down  this  River 
Lately  three  time  with  but  a  very  Small  Scout,  once  with  4 
Sawyers,  &  twist  with  oxen,  which  Could  not  be  Dun  at 
once  and  shall  have  soon  a  gain  ocasion  to  Cary  up  Som 
Carpnders  as  soon  as  we  are  Redy  for  them,  as  also  macons 
when  the  Breck  is  Burnt  &  Stones  prepared  which  would 
not  Doo  to  keep  them  till  we  are  Redy  for  them  to  go  to 


all  which